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Sedentarism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708021/association-between-erectile-dysfunction-and-subsequent-prostate-cancer-development-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-double-concurrent-comparison-groups
#1
Victor C Kok, Yi-Hsuan Hsiao, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Kung-Liang Wang
Recent studies indicate that erectile dysfunction (ED) and prostate cancer share common potential risk factors such as chronic inflammation, prostatitis, cigarette smoking, obesity, a high animal fat diet, sedentarism, and depression. There is great interest in knowing if ED is associated with prostate cancer. This study aimed to investigate if men afflicted with ED harbor an increased risk of prostate cancer, utilizing two concurrent comparison groups, constructed from the Taiwan NHIRD, with up to 8 years' follow-up...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702702/interaction-of-healthcare-staff-s-attitude-with-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-quantitative-assessment
#2
Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Alice Sabatino, Ilaria Gandolfini, Sarah Pioli, Claudia Torino, Filippo Aucella, Adamasco Cupisti, Valentina Pistolesi, Alessandro Capitanini, Giorgia Caloro, Mariacristina Gregorini, Yuri Battaglia, Marcora Mandreoli, Lucia Dani, Giovanni Mosconi, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Paolo Conti, Enrico Fiaccadori
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: In hemodialysis patients, sedentarism is a potentially modifiable mortality risk factor. We explored whether healthcare staff's attitude towards exercise interacts with patient-perceived barriers in modifying the level of physical activity in this population. METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study we recruited 608 adult patients and 330 members of the healthcare staff in 16 hemodialysis units in Italy. We assessed patient-perceived barriers to, and healthcare staff's attitude towards, exercise by specific questionnaires...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680699/the-additive-effect-of-adherence-to-multiple-healthy-lifestyles-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-insights-from-the-awhs
#3
Irina Uzhova, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Belén Moreno-Franco, Esther Molina-Montes, Montserrat Leon-Latre, José A Casasnovas Lenguas, Fernando Civeira, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Public health strategies targeting multiple healthy behaviors, rather than individual factors, have been proposed as more efficient strategies to promote cardiovascular health. However, the additive effect of multiple targets on primary prevention has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine how adherence to multiple healthy behaviors is associated with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, a measure of early cardiovascular disease...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622982/cardiovascular-disease-and-abo-blood-groups-in-africans-are-blood-group-a-individuals-at-higher-risk-of-ischemic-disease-a-pilot-study
#4
Djibril Marie Ba, Mamadou Saidou Sow, Aminata Diack, Khadidiatou Dia, Mouhamed Cherif Mboup, Pape Diadie Fall, Moussa Daouda Fall
Background: Since the discovery of the ABO blood group system by Karl Landsteiner in 1901, several reports have suggested an important involvement of the ABO blood group system in the susceptibility to thrombosis. Assessing that non-O blood groups in particular A blood group confer a higher risk of venous and arterial thrombosis than group O.Epidemiologic data are typically not available for all racial and ethnics groups.The purpose of this pilot study was to identify a link between ABO blood group and ischemic disease (ID) in Africans, and to analyze whether A blood group individuals were at higher risk of ischemic disease or not...
December 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561930/improvement-in-lung-function-and-functional-capacity-in-morbidly-obese-women-subjected-to-bariatric-surgery
#5
Elaine Cristina de Campos, Fabiana Sobral Peixoto-Souza, Viviane Cristina Alves, Renata Basso-Vanelli, Marcela Barbalho-Moulim, Rafael Melillo Laurino-Neto, Dirceu Costa
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether weight loss in women with morbid obesity subjected to bariatric surgery alters lung function, respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and the level of habitual physical activity and to investigate the relationship between these variables and changes in both body composition and anthropometrics. METHODS: Twenty-four women with morbid obesity were evaluated with regard to lung function, respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, body composition, anthropometrics and the level of habitual physical activity two weeks prior to and six months after bariatric surgery...
March 15, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476706/is-willingness-to-exercise-programmed-in-utero-reviewing-sedentary-behavior-and-the-benefits-of-physical-activity-in-intrauterine-growth-restricted-individuals
#6
REVIEW
Adrianne Rahde Bischoff, Fábio da Silva Cunha, Roberta Dalle Molle, Paulo José Cauduro Maróstica, Patrícia Pelufo Silveira
OBJECTIVE: The literature suggests that a fetus will adapt to surrounding adversities by optimizing its use of energy to improve survival, ultimately leading to the programming of the individual's energy intake and expenditure. While recent reviews focused on the fetal programming of energy intake and food preferences, there is also some evidence that fetal adversity is associated with diminished physical activity levels. Therefore, we aimed to review (a) the evidence for an association between being born with intrauterine growth restriction and sedentarism over the life-course and (b) the potential benefits of physical activity over cardiometabolic risk factors for this population...
February 22, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462986/i-can-stand-learning-a-controlled-pilot-intervention-study-on-the-effects-of-increased-standing-time-on-cognitive-function-in-primary-school-children
#7
Katharina Wick, Oliver Faude, Susanne Manes, Lukas Zahner, Lars Donath
Sedentarism is considered an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Thus, the present study investigated the effects of employing standing desks in classrooms on cognitive function. The intervention class (IG; n = 19) was supplied with standing desks and balance pads for 11 weeks. The control class (CG; n = 19) received lessons as usual. Standing time was assessed objectively (accelerometers) and subjectively (self-report sheets, external classroom observers). The impact of standing on the digit span task and Eriksen flanker task was analysed...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345543/physical-activity-and-sitting-time-are-specifically-associated-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-and-medicine-intake-in-brazilian-older-adults
#8
Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307108/effect-of-employment-status-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-long-term-post-bariatric-surgery
#9
Ryan E R Reid, Katerina Jirasek, Tamara E Carver, Tyler G R Reid, Kathleen M Andersen, Nicolas V Christou, Ross E Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Inactivity and weight regain are serious problems post-bariatric surgery. Nearly half of waking time is spent at work, representing an opportunity to accumulate physical activity and help avoid weight regain. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential differences in physical activity and sedentary time by employment status post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A total of 48 adults (employed (n = 19), unemployed (n = 29)) aged 50...
March 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303070/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders
#10
Leonardo F Fontenelle, Julliana N Quintas, Murat Yücel
Many of the currently available treatments for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) such as pharmacotherapy augmentation strategies, partial hospitalization programs, deep brain stimulation, and neurosurgery are efficacious for individuals suffering from more severe forms of these conditions. Unfortunately, the application of these treatments in milder forms of illness and subclinical samples, which affect a substantial portion of the population, is not justifiable by their costs (e.g. cognitive-behavioral therapy) and/or potential for side effects (serotonin-reuptake inhibitors associated sexual side effects)...
January 4, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194458/evidence-of-increasing-sedentarism-in-mexico-city-during-the-last-decade-sitting-time-prevalence-trends-and-associations-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#11
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081825/relationship-among-physical-activity-level-mood-and-anxiety-states-and-quality-of-life-in-physical-education-students
#12
Sandro Legey, Filipe Aquino, Murilo Khede Lamego, Flavia Paes, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: Physical activity level (PAL) is known to play an important role in reducing risk factors associated with sedentarism, in addition to improving the mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQL). OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship of PAL and their domains with HRQL, mood state (MS) and anxiety. Method : 140 Physical Education students (23.6 ± 3.7 years) were evaluated. The Baecke Habitual Physical Activity and Quality of Life (QOL-36) questionnaires, State-Trait Anxiety Inventories (STAI-S and STAI-T) and Profile of Mood States (POMS) scale were used to investigate PAL, HRQL and mental health indicators...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022262/myocardial-infarction-and-exercise-training-evidence-from-basic-science
#13
Ivana C Moraes-Silva, Bruno Rodrigues, Hélio J Coelho-Junior, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Maria-Claudia Irigoyen
In 2016, cardiovascular disease remains the first cause of mortality worldwide [1]. Coronary artery disease, which is the most important precursor of myocardial infarction (MI), is the main component of total cardiovascular mortality, being responsible for approximately seven million of deaths [1]. In approximately 20% of infarcted patients, MI is recurrent in the first year after the event [2]. Moreover, among cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease accounts for the most increased index of life years lost due to morbidity and/or mortality [1]...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929462/can-body-temperature-dysregulation-explain-the-co-occurrence-between-overweight-obesity-sleep-impairment-late-night-eating-and-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#14
REVIEW
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818457/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-childhood-obesity-systematic-review-including-the-potential-underlying-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
R Felső, S Lohner, K Hollódy, É Erhardt, D Molnár
AIM: The prevalence of obesity is continually increasing worldwide. Determining risk factors for obesity may facilitate effective preventive programs. The present review focuses on sleep duration as a potential risk factor for childhood obesity. The aim is to summarize the evidence on the association of sleep duration and obesity and to discuss the underlying potential physiological and/or pathophysiological mechanisms. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched for papers using text words with appropriate truncation and relevant indexing terms...
September 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801419/ssri-antidepressant-use-potentiates-weight-gain-in-the-context-of-unhealthy-lifestyles-results-from-a-4-year-australian-follow-up-study
#16
Zumin Shi, Evan Atlantis, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Kay Price, Sarah Appleton, Ma-Li Wong, Julio Licinio
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between antidepressant use and weight gain, as well as the interaction with lifestyle factors. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from 2334 adults from two stages (4.4 years apart) of the North West Adelaide Health Study, including validated diet and lifestyle questionnaires, measured body weight and linked pharmaceutical prescription data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body weight change...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771611/inverse-association-of-resistin-with-physical-activity-in-the-general-population
#17
Itahisa Marcelino-Rodríguez, Delia Almeida Gonzalez, José Juan Alemán-Sánchez, Buenaventura Brito Díaz, María Del Cristo Rodríguez Pérez, Fadoua Gannar, Santiago Domínguez Coello, Francisco J Cuevas Fernández, Antonio Cabrera de León
AIM: Resistin is a cytokine related with inflammation and ischemic heart disease. Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic inflammation and ischemic heart disease. We studied the relationship of serum concentration of resistin with HDL cholesterol, a known biomarker of PA, and with different measures of PA, in a large sample of the general adult population in the Canary Islands. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 6636 adults recruited randomly. We analyzed the correlation of resistin and HDL cholesterol with PA (as metabolic equivalent level [MET]), and fitted the results with linear and logistic regression models using adjustment for age, alcohol consumption and smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597615/aerobic-physical-exercise-and-negative-compensation-of-non-exercise-physical-activity-in-post-menopause-a-pilot-study
#18
Andrea DI Blasio, Francesco DI Donato, Serena DI Santo, Ines Bucci, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela DI Baldassarre, Sabina Gallina, Marco Bergamin, Patrizio Ripari, Giorgio Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Sedentarism is a risk factor for mortality that is independent of physical exercise. As indicated in the literature, there is negative compensation of non-exercise physical activity due to exercise training. The aim was to investigate potential predictor variables of physical activity compensation in post-menopausal women beginning aerobic physical exercise training. METHODS: One hundred and three post-menopausal women (mean age, 58.31 ±5.33 years) were eligible for the study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594711/effects-of-repeated-yearly-exposure-to-exercise-training-on-blood-pressure-and-metabolic-syndrome-evolution
#19
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan F Ortega, Pedro L Lopez-Galindo, Juan Fernandez-Martin, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To study if repeated yearly training programs consolidate the transient blood pressure (BP) improvements of one exercise program into durable adaptations. METHODS: Obese middle-age individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) underwent high-intensity aerobic interval training during 16 weeks (November to mid-March) in 3 consecutive years [training group (TRAIN); N = 23]. Evolution of MetS components was compared with a matched-group that remained sedentary [control group (CONT); N = 26]...
October 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587843/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-and-its-relation-with-sedentarism-in-spain
#20
R Leirós-Rodríguez, V Romo-Pérez, J L García-Soidán
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from which data from a 15-year cohort were obtained. Of these, 4745 (58.2%) were women and 3401 (41.8%) were men. We analysed the presence of urinary incontinence, physical activity habits and the influence of other variables such as sex, age, weight and body mass index...
December 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
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