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Sedentarism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345543/physical-activity-and-sitting-time-are-specifically-associated-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-and-medicine-intake-in-brazilian-older-adults
#1
Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307108/effect-of-employment-status-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-long-term-post-bariatric-surgery
#2
Ryan E R Reid, Katerina Jirasek, Tamara E Carver, Tyler G R Reid, Kathleen M Andersen, Nicolas V Christou, Ross E Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Inactivity and weight regain are serious problems post-bariatric surgery. Nearly half of waking time is spent at work, representing an opportunity to accumulate physical activity and help avoid weight regain. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential differences in physical activity and sedentary time by employment status post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A total of 48 adults (employed (n = 19), unemployed (n = 29)) aged 50...
January 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303070/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders
#3
Leonardo F Fontenelle, Julliana N Quintas, Murat Yücel
Many of the currently available treatments for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) such as pharmacotherapy augmentation strategies, partial hospitalization programs, deep brain stimulation, and neurosurgery are efficacious for individuals suffering from more severe forms of these conditions. Unfortunately, the application of these treatments in milder forms of illness and subclinical samples, which affect a substantial portion of the population, is not justifiable by their costs (e.g. cognitive-behavioral therapy) and/or potential for side effects (serotonin-reuptake inhibitors associated sexual side effects)...
January 4, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194458/evidence-of-increasing-sedentarism-in-mexico-city-during-the-last-decade-sitting-time-prevalence-trends-and-associations-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#4
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081825/relationship-among-physical-activity-level-mood-and-anxiety-states-and-quality-of-life-in-physical-education-students
#5
Sandro Legey, Filipe Aquino, Murilo Khede Lamego, Flavia Paes, Antônio Egídio Nardi, Geraldo Maranhão Neto, Gioia Mura, Federica Sancassiani, Nuno Rocha, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Sergio Machado
BACKGROUND: Physical activity level (PAL) is known to play an important role in reducing risk factors associated with sedentarism, in addition to improving the mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQL). OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship of PAL and their domains with HRQL, mood state (MS) and anxiety. Method: 140 Physical Education students (23.6 ± 3.7 years) were evaluated. The Baecke Habitual Physical Activity and Quality of Life (QOL-36) questionnaires, State-Trait Anxiety Inventories (STAI-S and STAI-T) and Profile of Mood States (POMS) scale were used to investigate PAL, HRQL and mental health indicators...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022262/myocardial-infarction-and-exercise-training-evidence-from-basic-science
#6
Ivana C Moraes-Silva, Bruno Rodrigues, Hélio J Coelho-Junior, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Maria-Claudia Irigoyen
In 2016, cardiovascular disease remains the first cause of mortality worldwide [1]. Coronary artery disease, which is the most important precursor of myocardial infarction (MI), is the main component of total cardiovascular mortality, being responsible for approximately seven million of deaths [1]. In approximately 20% of infarcted patients, MI is recurrent in the first year after the event [2]. Moreover, among cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease accounts for the most increased index of life years lost due to morbidity and/or mortality [1]...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929462/can-body-temperature-dysregulation-explain-the-co-occurrence-between-overweight-obesity-sleep-impairment-late-night-eating-and-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#7
REVIEW
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818457/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-childhood-obesity-systematic-review-including-the-potential-underlying-mechanisms
#8
REVIEW
R Felső, S Lohner, K Hollódy, É Erhardt, D Molnár
AIM: The prevalence of obesity is continually increasing worldwide. Determining risk factors for obesity may facilitate effective preventive programs. The present review focuses on sleep duration as a potential risk factor for childhood obesity. The aim is to summarize the evidence on the association of sleep duration and obesity and to discuss the underlying potential physiological and/or pathophysiological mechanisms. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched for papers using text words with appropriate truncation and relevant indexing terms...
September 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801419/ssri-antidepressant-use-potentiates-weight-gain-in-the-context-of-unhealthy-lifestyles-results-from-a-4-year-australian-follow-up-study
#9
Zumin Shi, Evan Atlantis, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Kay Price, Sarah Appleton, Ma-Li Wong, Julio Licinio
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between antidepressant use and weight gain, as well as the interaction with lifestyle factors. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from 2334 adults from two stages (4.4 years apart) of the North West Adelaide Health Study, including validated diet and lifestyle questionnaires, measured body weight and linked pharmaceutical prescription data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body weight change...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771611/inverse-association-of-resistin-with-physical-activity-in-the-general-population
#10
Itahisa Marcelino-Rodríguez, Delia Almeida Gonzalez, José Juan Alemán-Sánchez, Buenaventura Brito Díaz, María Del Cristo Rodríguez Pérez, Fadoua Gannar, Santiago Domínguez Coello, Francisco J Cuevas Fernández, Antonio Cabrera de León
AIM: Resistin is a cytokine related with inflammation and ischemic heart disease. Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic inflammation and ischemic heart disease. We studied the relationship of serum concentration of resistin with HDL cholesterol, a known biomarker of PA, and with different measures of PA, in a large sample of the general adult population in the Canary Islands. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 6636 adults recruited randomly. We analyzed the correlation of resistin and HDL cholesterol with PA (as metabolic equivalent level [MET]), and fitted the results with linear and logistic regression models using adjustment for age, alcohol consumption and smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597615/aerobic-physical-exercise-and-negative-compensation-of-non-exercise-physical-activity-in-post-menopause-a-pilot-study
#11
Andrea DI Blasio, Francesco DI Donato, Serena DI Santo, Ines Bucci, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela DI Baldassarre, Sabina Gallina, Marco Bergamin, Patrizio Ripari, Giorgio Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Sedentarism is a risk factor for mortality that is independent of physical exercise. As indicated in the literature, there is negative compensation of non-exercise physical activity due to exercise training. The aim was to investigate potential predictor variables of physical activity compensation in post-menopausal women beginning aerobic physical exercise training. METHODS: One hundred and three post-menopausal women (mean age, 58.31 ±5.33 years) were eligible for the study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594711/effects-of-repeated-yearly-exposure-to-exercise-training-on-blood-pressure-and-metabolic-syndrome-evolution
#12
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan F Ortega, Pedro L Lopez-Galindo, Juan Fernandez-Martin, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To study if repeated yearly training programs consolidate the transient blood pressure (BP) improvements of one exercise program into durable adaptations. METHODS: Obese middle-age individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) underwent high-intensity aerobic interval training during 16 weeks (November to mid-March) in 3 consecutive years [training group (TRAIN); N = 23]. Evolution of MetS components was compared with a matched-group that remained sedentary [control group (CONT); N = 26]...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587843/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-and-its-relation-with-sedentarism-in-spain
#13
R Leirós-Rodríguez, V Romo-Pérez, J L García-Soidán
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from which data from a 15-year cohort were obtained. Of these, 4745 (58.2%) were women and 3401 (41.8%) were men. We analysed the presence of urinary incontinence, physical activity habits and the influence of other variables such as sex, age, weight and body mass index...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572885/physical-inactivity-sedentary-behavior-and-chronic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Karimé González, Jorge Fuentes, José Luis Márquez
New research into physical activity suggests that it is no longer sufficient just to meet minimum levels recommended by health guidelines in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. Both physical inactivity and sedentary behavior have their own health hazards and need to be addressed separately, in order to explore their different deleterious mechanisms. The aim of this review was to define and to characterize both concepts, and their relationship with major non-communicable chronic diseases. A PubMed database search was undertaken, using the following key words: physical activity, physical inactivity, sedentarism, sedentary behavior, and non-communicable chronic disease...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559045/physical-activity-and-frailty-as-indicators-of-cardiorespiratory-reserve-and-predictors-of-surgical-prognosis-general-and-digestive-surgery-population-characterization
#15
F Dana, D Capitán, M Ubré, A Hervás, R Risco, G Martínez-Pallí
INTRODUCTION: Frailty and low physical activity and cardiorespiratory reserve are related to higher perioperative morbimortality. The crucial step in improving the prognosis is to implement specific measures to optimize these aspects. It is critical to know the magnitude of the problem in order to implement preoperative optimization programmes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize surgical population in a university hospital. METHODS: All patients undergoing preoperative evaluation for abdominal surgery with admission were prospectively included during a 3-month period...
May 27, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558794/assessment-of-physical-activity-capacity-and-nutritional-status-in-elderly-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#16
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Viviana Finato, Claudia Del Corso, Battista Catania, Gian Marco Caselli, Maria Francesca Egidi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sedentarism, and to assess physical capacity and nutritional status in a cohort of older patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), with respect to age-matched non-dialysis CKD population, using highly accessible, simple methods, namely the Rapid Assessment of Physical activity (RAPA) test and the 30″ Sit-to-stand (STS) test. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study included 151 renal patients older than 60 years; 71 pts...
May 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490600/something-is-definitely-better-than-nothing-simple-strategies-to-prevent-vascular-dysfunction
#17
COMMENT
Joel D Trinity
Understanding the negative health consequences of a physical inactivity has been the topic of much investigation as an alarming number of adults have adopted a sedentary lifestyle. With the rise in sedentarism the field of inactivity physiology has emerged. The goal of inactivity physiology is to identify the impact in inactivity on health and develop strategies that effectively minimize the risk of a sedentary lifestyle. Arising from this field is the finding that excessive sitting is linked to increased cardiovascular and metabolic disease and all-cause mortality...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479552/open-dataset-for-the-automatic-recognition-of-sedentary-behaviors
#18
William Possos, Robinson Cruz, Jesús D Cerón, Diego M López, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Sedentarism is associated with the development of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Therefore, the identification of specific sedentary behaviors (TV viewing, sitting at work, driving, relaxing, etc.) is especially relevant for planning personalized prevention programs. OBJECTIVE: To build and evaluate a public a dataset for the automatic recognition (classification) of sedentary behaviors...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412311/cross-national-investigation-of-the-drivers-of-obesity-re-assessment-of-past-findings-and-avenues-for-the-future
#19
Katrien Cooremans, Maggie Geuens, Mario Pandelaere
In this paper we question whether prior cross-national differences in food attitudes still exist and if so, to what extent. Due to societal evolutions such as sedentarism and globalization, international variations in food attitudes may not be as pronounced as currently believed. A cross-sectional web-based survey was carried out in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Belgium. A total of 2167 respondents (52% women; mean age = 39.0 years, SD = 11.4) participated. To successfully combat obesity, a joint approach focusing on food choice and physical activity is required; therefore we included behavioral measures by means of choice tasks for these two important drivers...
April 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398519/sedentary-behaviour-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-definition-measurement-and-implications-for-health
#20
Sally A M Fenton, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joan L Duda, George S Metsios, George D Kitas
RA is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by high grade-inflammation, and associated with elevated cardiovascular risk, rheumatoid-cachexia and functional impairment. Sedentary behaviour (SB) is linked to heightened inflammation, and is highly pervasive in RA, likely as a result of compromised physical function and persistent fatigue. This high sedentarity may exacerbate the inflammatory process in RA, and hold relevance for disease-related outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to provide an overview of the definition, measurement and health relevance of SB in the context of RA...
April 7, 2017: Rheumatology
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