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Latino children AND physical activity

Mercedes R Carnethon, Guadalupe X Ayala, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Virginia Bishop, Martha L Daviglus, Alan M Delamater, Linda C Gallo, Krista Perreira, Elizabeth Pulgaron, Samantha Reina, Gregory A Talavera, Linda H Van Horn, Carmen R Isasi
PURPOSE: Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Girls (n = 674) and boys (n = 667) aged 8 to 16 years (mean age 12.1 years) and their parents (n = 942) had their CVD risk factors measured...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Carmen R Isasi, Simin Hua, Molly Jung, Mercedes R Carnethon, Krista Perreira, Denise C Vidot, Christian R Salazar, Jessica L McCurley, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater, Maria M Llabre, Linda C Gallo
BACKGROUND: Prior studies indicate that chronic stress is associated with obesity in adults. However, whether parental/caregiver stress is associated with obesity in their offspring has not been widely examined in Hispanic/Latino populations. In this study, we evaluated the role of caregiver chronic stress on child obesity and whether home food environment or child lifestyle behaviors explained the association. METHODS: The study included a sample of Hispanic/Latino youth and their caregivers (n = 473) from the Study of Latinos (SOL) Youth study and the Hispanic Community Health Study/SOL Sociocultural Study, which enrolled children aged 8-16 years from four cities (Bronx, Chicago, Miami, and San Diego), and provided assessments of adult chronic stress...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
Sarah Polk, Russell Horwitz, Shaina Longway, Alfonso Bonilla, Kate Fothergill, Marc Karver, Peter Salmon, Lawrence Wissow
OBJECTIVE: School-aged health maintenance visits seek to prevent or intervene early with health issues of life-long importance. Little is known about what children expect to happen in these visits or how they experience them, factors related to their engagement as active collaborators in care. METHODS: Thirty children (53% Latino, 27% African-American and 20% White) age 7-11 years were video recorded during a health maintenance visit and then interviewed while reviewing the videos...
February 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jocelyn S Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D DeCator, Alescia M Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a noncurricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children's psychological problems in 2 domains: internalizing (eg, depression) and externalizing (eg, aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Alejandra Ochoa, Jerica M Berge
Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnically diverse group in the United States. Latino children are also among the most overweight and obese ethnic groups of children in the United States. Research over the last decade has identified the home environment as a key influence on the diet and physical activity of children. To summarize cross-sectional and longitudinal research that has identified factors within the home environment of Latino families that are associated with childhood obesity and to provide recommendations for future research and intervention development with Latino families...
April 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
William J Heerman, Stephanie J Mitchell, Jessica Thompson, Nina C Martin, Evan C Sommer, Margaret van Bakergem, Julie Lounds Taylor, Maciej S Buchowski, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: Perception of undesirable features may inhibit built environment use for physical activity among underserved families with children at risk for obesity. METHODS: To examine the association of perceived availability, condition, and safety of the built environment with its self-reported use for physical activity, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis on baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Adjusted Poisson regression was used to test the association between the primary independent variables (perceived availability, physical condition, and safety) with the primary outcome of self-reported use of built environment structures...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
Erica G Soltero, Ester Cerin, Rebecca E Lee, Teresia M O'Connor
Differences in subjective and objective safety may be explained by moderators that shape parental perceptions of the environment. This study examined associations between subjective and objective measures of traffic and crime safety in preschool parents (N = 240) and potential moderators. Community cohesion, social control, and physical activity parenting practices were measured. Objective measures of crime and traffic were measured at the block-group level. Linear models revealed perceived traffic was negatively associated with the traffic hazards (b = -0...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Lindsey Turner, Frank J Chaloupka
The integration of physical activity into elementary school classrooms, through brief activity breaks (ABs) and lessons that incorporate movement into instruction as active lessons (ALs), are key parts of school physical activity programming and can improve children's health and academic outcomes. With nationally representative survey data from 640 public elementary schools in the United States, we examined the use of these practices and the extent of implementation within classrooms. ALs were used in 71.7% of schools, and ABs were used in 75...
September 8, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Ana C Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Sands, Julie A Wright, Judith Salkeld
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that healthful eating and physical activity (PA) practices implemented in child-care settings can have a positive effect on children's healthful behaviours in this setting, and this effect on healthful behaviours may possibly transfer to the home environment. While more research is needed to examine whether behaviours learned in family child-care homes (FCCH) transfer, the potential for transferability is especially important given that Latino children's home environment has been characterized by obesogenic parenting practices...
August 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Thomas A Arcury, Joseph A Skelton, Edward H Ip, Cynthia K Suerken, Grisel Trejo, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: This analysis describes farmworker child health care utilization, anticipatory guidance for child weight, and the association of anticipatory guidance with personal characteristics, practice characteristics, and child's health care utilization. METHODS: Data are from interviews conducted with 221 North Carolina Latino farmworker mothers with a child aged 4-5 years. RESULTS: Half of the children were healthy weight, 19.0% were overweight, and 28...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Thomas A Arcury, Cynthia K Suerken, Edward H Ip, Justin B Moore, Sara A Quandt
Child health and development benefit from physical activity. This analysis describes the residential play environment for children aged 2-4 years in farmworker families, their parent-reported levels of play and media time, and the association of residential environment with play and media time. Mothers with a child aged 2-4 years in farmworker families (n = 248) completed interviews over 2 years. Outcome measures were daily outdoor play time and media time. Measures of the residential environment included physical and social components...
April 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Krista B Highland, Alyssa Lundahl, Katherine M Kidwell, Maren Hankey, Miguel Caballos, Dennis McChargue
Objectives Disparities exist in rates of overweight/obesity between Latino and non-Latino populations. Attention should be given to risk factors that may be modifiable through interventions involving both the parent and child. The current study sought to identify ethnic differences in parental health beliefs and their relation to children's health behaviors. Methods Latina and non-Latina mothers (N = 203) at rural and urban clinics and health departments completed self-report questionnaires. Key information included beliefs about barriers and benefits to health practices and children's health behaviors...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ester Cerin, Tom Baranowski, Anthony Barnett, Nancy Butte, Sheryl Hughes, Rebecca E Lee, Jason A Mendoza, Debbe Thompson, Teresia Margareta O'Connor
BACKGROUND: To combat the disproportionately higher risk of childhood obesity in Latino preschool-aged children, multilevel interventions targeting physical (in) activity are needed. These require the identification of environmental and psychosocial determinants of physical (in) activity for this ethnic group. The objectives were to examine differences in objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior across objectively-determined types of locations in Latino preschool-aged children; and determine whether the differences in physical activity by location were greater in children of parents with higher neighborhood-safety perceptions and physical activity-supportive parenting practices...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Edward H Ip, Santiago Saldana, Grisel Trejo, Sarah A Marshall, Cynthia K Suerken, Wei Lang, Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: Obesity disproportionately affects children of Latino farmworkers. Further research is needed to identify patterns of physical activity (PA) in this group and understand how PA affects Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-four participants ages 2.5 to 3.5 in the Niños Sanos longitudinal study wore accelerometers that measured daily PA. Several PA-related parameters formed a profile for conducting hidden Markov modeling (HMM), which identified different states of PA...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Sandra C Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Lucy A Horton, Guadalupe X Ayala
Research shows that Latino parenting practices influence children's dietary and weight outcomes. Most studies use parent-reported data, however data from children may provide additional insight into how parents influence their children's diet and weight outcomes. The Parenting Strategies for Eating and Activity Scale (PEAS) has been validated in Latino adults, but not in children. This study evaluated the factor structure and concurrent and predictive validity of a modified version of the PEAS (PEAS-Diet) among Latino children...
March 1, 2016: Appetite
Deborah Parra-Medina, Yuanyuan Liang, Zenong Yin, Laura Esparza, Louis Lopez
INTRODUCTION: US Latinos have disproportionately higher rates of obesity and physical inactivity than the general US population, putting them at greater risk for chronic disease. This evaluation aimed to examine the impact of the Y Living Program (Y Living), a 12-week family-focused healthy lifestyle program, on the weight status of adult and child (aged ≥7 years) participants. METHODS: In this pretest-posttest evaluation, participants attended twice-weekly group education sessions and engaged in physical activity at least 3 times per week...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jill F Kilanowski
INTRODUCTION: Latino children demonstrate high rates of unhealthy weight, and children of Latino migrant and seasonal agricultural workers are heavier than their Latino peers. METHOD: This one-group, cross-sectional, mixed-methods pilot study explored healthy-eating decision making with 12- to 14-year-olds recruited from a Midwest summer migrant education program. Demographics, decision-making, self-efficacy, and social support survey instruments were used, along with gender-specific focus groups...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Michelle M Cloutier, James Wiley, Zhu Wang, Autherene Grant, Amy A Gorin
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in the United States, particularly among socio-economically disadvantaged Latino and Black children. Effective interventions that can be disseminated to large numbers of at-risk children and their families are needed. The goals of the Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (ECHO) are to examine the 12-month efficacy of a primary obesity prevention program targeting the first year of life that is delivered by home visitors and that engages mothers as agents of change to modify their own behavior and their infant's behavior through education and skill-building around nutrition, physical activity, and wellness, and then "echoes" her training with linkages to neighborhood programs and resources...
June 24, 2015: BMC Public Health
Elizabeth Erin Dawson-Hahn, Megan D Fesinmeyer, Jason A Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with long-term benefits for health and tracks from early childhood into later adolescence. Limited information exists about factors influencing physical activity among Latino preschoolers. We aimed to identify correlates of objectively measured light-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity as a proportion of wear time (% PA) in Latino 3-5 year olds. METHODS: Latino preschoolers (n = 96) were recruited from Head Start centers in Houston, TX, USA, from 2009 to 2010...
August 2015: Pediatric Exercise Science
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