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Latino children AND physical activity

Erica G Soltero, Ester Cerin, Rebecca E Lee, Teresia M O'Connor
Differences in subjective and objective safety may be explained by moderators that shape parental perceptions of the environment. This study examined associations between subjective and objective measures of traffic and crime safety in preschool parents (N = 240) and potential moderators. Community cohesion, social control, and physical activity parenting practices were measured. Objective measures of crime and traffic were measured at the block-group level. Linear models revealed perceived traffic was negatively associated with the traffic hazards (b = -0...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Lindsey Turner, Frank J Chaloupka
The integration of physical activity into elementary school classrooms, through brief activity breaks (ABs) and lessons that incorporate movement into instruction as active lessons (ALs), are key parts of school physical activity programming and can improve children's health and academic outcomes. With nationally representative survey data from 640 public elementary schools in the United States, we examined the use of these practices and the extent of implementation within classrooms. ALs were used in 71.7% of schools, and ABs were used in 75...
September 8, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Ana C Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Sands, Julie A Wright, Judith Salkeld
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that healthful eating and physical activity (PA) practices implemented in child-care settings can have a positive effect on children's healthful behaviours in this setting, and this effect on healthful behaviours may possibly transfer to the home environment. While more research is needed to examine whether behaviours learned in family child-care homes (FCCH) transfer, the potential for transferability is especially important given that Latino children's home environment has been characterized by obesogenic parenting practices...
August 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Thomas A Arcury, Joseph A Skelton, Edward H Ip, Cynthia K Suerken, Grisel Trejo, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: This analysis describes farmworker child health care utilization, anticipatory guidance for child weight, and the association of anticipatory guidance with personal characteristics, practice characteristics, and child's health care utilization. METHODS: Data are from interviews conducted with 221 North Carolina Latino farmworker mothers with a child aged 4-5 years. RESULTS: Half of the children were healthy weight, 19.0% were overweight, and 28...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Thomas A Arcury, Cynthia K Suerken, Edward H Ip, Justin B Moore, Sara A Quandt
Child health and development benefit from physical activity. This analysis describes the residential play environment for children aged 2-4 years in farmworker families, their parent-reported levels of play and media time, and the association of residential environment with play and media time. Mothers with a child aged 2-4 years in farmworker families (n = 248) completed interviews over 2 years. Outcome measures were daily outdoor play time and media time. Measures of the residential environment included physical and social components...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Krista B Highland, Alyssa Lundahl, Katherine M Kidwell, Maren Hankey, Miguel Caballos, Dennis McChargue
Objectives Disparities exist in rates of overweight/obesity between Latino and non-Latino populations. Attention should be given to risk factors that may be modifiable through interventions involving both the parent and child. The current study sought to identify ethnic differences in parental health beliefs and their relation to children's health behaviors. Methods Latina and non-Latina mothers (N = 203) at rural and urban clinics and health departments completed self-report questionnaires. Key information included beliefs about barriers and benefits to health practices and children's health behaviors...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ester Cerin, Tom Baranowski, Anthony Barnett, Nancy Butte, Sheryl Hughes, Rebecca E Lee, Jason A Mendoza, Debbe Thompson, Teresia Margareta O'Connor
BACKGROUND: To combat the disproportionately higher risk of childhood obesity in Latino preschool-aged children, multilevel interventions targeting physical (in) activity are needed. These require the identification of environmental and psychosocial determinants of physical (in) activity for this ethnic group. The objectives were to examine differences in objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior across objectively-determined types of locations in Latino preschool-aged children; and determine whether the differences in physical activity by location were greater in children of parents with higher neighborhood-safety perceptions and physical activity-supportive parenting practices...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Edward H Ip, Santiago Saldana, Grisel Trejo, Sarah A Marshall, Cynthia K Suerken, Wei Lang, Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: Obesity disproportionately affects children of Latino farmworkers. Further research is needed to identify patterns of physical activity (PA) in this group and understand how PA affects Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-four participants ages 2.5 to 3.5 in the Niños Sanos longitudinal study wore accelerometers that measured daily PA. Several PA-related parameters formed a profile for conducting hidden Markov modeling (HMM), which identified different states of PA...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Sandra C Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Lucy A Horton, Guadalupe X Ayala
Research shows that Latino parenting practices influence children's dietary and weight outcomes. Most studies use parent-reported data, however data from children may provide additional insight into how parents influence their children's diet and weight outcomes. The Parenting Strategies for Eating and Activity Scale (PEAS) has been validated in Latino adults, but not in children. This study evaluated the factor structure and concurrent and predictive validity of a modified version of the PEAS (PEAS-Diet) among Latino children...
March 1, 2016: Appetite
Deborah Parra-Medina, Yuanyuan Liang, Zenong Yin, Laura Esparza, Louis Lopez
INTRODUCTION: US Latinos have disproportionately higher rates of obesity and physical inactivity than the general US population, putting them at greater risk for chronic disease. This evaluation aimed to examine the impact of the Y Living Program (Y Living), a 12-week family-focused healthy lifestyle program, on the weight status of adult and child (aged ≥7 years) participants. METHODS: In this pretest-posttest evaluation, participants attended twice-weekly group education sessions and engaged in physical activity at least 3 times per week...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jill F Kilanowski
INTRODUCTION: Latino children demonstrate high rates of unhealthy weight, and children of Latino migrant and seasonal agricultural workers are heavier than their Latino peers. METHOD: This one-group, cross-sectional, mixed-methods pilot study explored healthy-eating decision making with 12- to 14-year-olds recruited from a Midwest summer migrant education program. Demographics, decision-making, self-efficacy, and social support survey instruments were used, along with gender-specific focus groups...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Michelle M Cloutier, James Wiley, Zhu Wang, Autherene Grant, Amy A Gorin
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in the United States, particularly among socio-economically disadvantaged Latino and Black children. Effective interventions that can be disseminated to large numbers of at-risk children and their families are needed. The goals of the Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (ECHO) are to examine the 12-month efficacy of a primary obesity prevention program targeting the first year of life that is delivered by home visitors and that engages mothers as agents of change to modify their own behavior and their infant's behavior through education and skill-building around nutrition, physical activity, and wellness, and then "echoes" her training with linkages to neighborhood programs and resources...
2015: BMC Public Health
Elizabeth Erin Dawson-Hahn, Megan D Fesinmeyer, Jason A Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with long-term benefits for health and tracks from early childhood into later adolescence. Limited information exists about factors influencing physical activity among Latino preschoolers. We aimed to identify correlates of objectively measured light-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity as a proportion of wear time (% PA) in Latino 3-5 year olds. METHODS: Latino preschoolers (n = 96) were recruited from Head Start centers in Houston, TX, USA, from 2009 to 2010...
August 2015: Pediatric Exercise Science
Gillian Mandich, Shauna Burke, Anca Gaston, Patricia Tucker
OBJECTIVE: To assess the physical activity and sedentary behaviors of a sample of Latino children in London, Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Seventy-four Latino children (54.1% male; mean age = 11.4) completed self-report questionnaires related to physical activity and sedentary behaviors. A subset of children (n = 64) wore Actical (Mini Mitter, Respironics) accelerometers for a maximum of four days. RESULTS: Latino children self-reported moderate levels of physical activity (i...
May 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Lourdes Yun, Richard E Boles, Matthew A Haemer, Shanna Knierim, L Miriam Dickinson, Heather Mancinas, Simon J Hambidge, Arthur J Davidson
BACKGROUND: Although Colorado is perceived as a healthy state, in 2010, 14.1 % of children aged 2-5 were overweight and 9.1 % were obese. Despite the high prevalence of obesity in this population, evidence to support particular strategies to treat obese preschoolers is lacking. The efficacy of home-based, childhood obesity interventions to reduce a child's body mass index is inconclusive. However, this model uniquely provides an opportunity to observe and intervene with the home food and activity environment and engage the entire family in promoting changes that fit each family's unique dynamics...
2015: BMC Public Health
Lucia Kaiser, Judith Martinez, Marcel Horowitz, Catherine Lamp, Margaret Johns, Dorina Espinoza, Michele Byrnes, Mayra Muñoz Gomez, Alberto Aguilera, Adela de la Torre
Latino children experience higher rates of obesity than do non-Latino white children. Family-centered nutrition interventions can slow the rate of weight gain in this population. Niños Sanos, Familia Sana (Healthy Children, Healthy Family) is a 5-year, community-based, participatory research study that targets rural Mexican-origin farmworker families with children aged 2 to 8 years in California's Central Valley. Adaptation of a culturally relevant obesity prevention program involved qualitative research to tailor key obesity prevention messages, pilot testing and implementation of key messages and activities at family nights, and continual modification to incorporate culturally innovative elements...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jennifer Falbe, Annabelle A Cadiz, Nicole K Tantoco, Hannah R Thompson, Kristine A Madsen
OBJECTIVE: There is a critical need for culturally relevant interventions to address obesity among Latino children, who have a greater risk of obesity and diabetes than non-Hispanic white children. To test the impact of a family-centered, culturally tailored obesity intervention delivered through group medical appointments on body mass index (BMI) and other measures of cardiovascular risk among Latino children. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 55 parent-child dyads were assigned to Active and Healthy Families (AHF) or a usual care wait-list control condition...
July 2015: Academic Pediatrics
Ana C Lindsay, Judith A Salkeld, Mary L Greaney, Faith D Sands
BACKGROUND: The continuing rise of obesity among Latinos is a public health concern with an immediate need for early prevention. Changes in family structures have increased demand and reliance for child care for young children. Latino children are the fastest-growing segment of the child population in the United States, and research shows that Latino families use preschools and day care centers much less than those of other ethnic groups, apparently because of cultural preferences for family-like care...
2015: Journal of Obesity
Jill F Kilanowski, Nahida H Gordon
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of a healthy weight intervention designed for children of migrant farmworkers embedded in a 7-week summer Midwest Migrant Education Program (MEP) for changes in: weight; Body Mass Index (BMI); BMI-percentiles (BMI-p); muscle strength and muscle flexibility; nutrition knowledge; attitudes; and behaviors. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This is a two-group pre-post quasi-experimental study. Latino children of migrant farmworkers attending summer MEP in grades one through eight were enrolled (n = 171: comparison n = 33, intervention n = 138)...
September 2015: Public Health Nursing
Guadalupe X Ayala, Leticia Ibarra, Amy Binggeli-Vallarta, Jamie Moody, Thomas L McKenzie, Janette Angulo, Helina Hoyt, Emmeline Chuang, Theodore G Ganiats, Sheila Gahagan, Ming Ji, Michelle Zive, Emily Schmied, Elva M Arredondo, John P Elder
BACKGROUND: Despite recent declines among young children, obesity remains a public health burden in the United States, including among Latino/Hispanic children. The determining factors are many and are too complex to fully address with interventions that focus on single factors, such as parenting behaviors or school policies. In this article, we describe a multisector, multilevel intervention to prevent and control childhood obesity in predominantly Mexican-origin communities in Southern California, one of three sites of the CDC-funded Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CA-CORD) study...
February 2015: Childhood Obesity
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