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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431204/factors-that-affect-outcomes-of-prolapse-repair-using-single-incision-vaginal-mesh-procedures
#1
Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Pei Tsai, Chih-Ku Liu, Pao-Sheng Shen, Yao-Ching Hung, Man-Jung Hung
AIMS: Single-incision vaginal mesh (SIVM) procedures for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) differed in mesh fabrication and implantation that may affect treatment outcomes. We aim to evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of two SIVM procedures, and explore factors that may have associations with surgical effectiveness. METHODS: Our data of using two SIVM procedures for a total (anterior and posterior) vaginal mesh repair were studied. Patients who had ≧stage 2 POP and underwent either Elevate (n = 85) using anchored, lightweight meshes or Prosima procedures (n = 95) using non-anchored, original meshes were assessed...
April 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428760/the-variation-tendency-of-polyamines-forms-and-components-of-polyamine-metabolism-in-zoysiagrass-zoysia-japonica-steud-to-salt-stress-with-exogenous-spermidine-application
#2
Shucheng Li, Linlin Cui, Yujuan Zhang, Yunwen Wang, Peisheng Mao
To understand dynamic changes in polyamines (PAs) forms and components of polyamine metabolism in zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) response to salt stress with exogenous spermidine (Spd) application, two Chinese zoysia cultivars, z081 and z057, were exposed to sodium chloride stress for 2, 4, 6, and 8 days. The z057 cultivar possesses higher salinity tolerance than the z081 cultivar. Salt stress decreased the zoysiagrass fresh weight (FW) and increased free Spd and spermine (Spm) levels and soluble and insoluble putrescine (Put), Spd and Spm levels in both cultivars...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425093/low-dose-aspirin-use-and-cognitive-function-in-older-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Stefania Maggi, Trevor Thompson, Patricia Schofield, Christoph Muller, Ping-Tao Tseng, Pao-Yen Lin, André F Carvalho, Marco Solmi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether low-dose aspirin (<300 mg/d) can influence the onset of cognitive impairment or dementia in observational studies and improve cognitive test scores in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in participants without dementia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Observational and interventional studies. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with no dementia or cognitive impairment initially...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421769/x-ray-absorption-and-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-guided-discovery-of-the-cu-catalyzed-synthesis-of-multiaryl-substituted-furans-from-aryl-styrene-and-ketones-using-dmso-as-the-oxidant
#4
Yong Wu, Zhiyuan Huang, Yi Luo, Dong Liu, Yi Deng, Hong Yi, Jyh-Fu Lee, Chih-Wen Pao, Jeng-Lung Chen, Aiwen Lei
The first example of DMSO serving not only as a solvent but also as an oxidant to promote the oxidation of Cu(I) to Cu(II) has been demonstrated. X-ray absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance evidence revealed a single-electron redox process where DMSO could oxidize Cu(I) to Cu(II). The novel discovery guided the rational design of copper-catalyzed oxidative cyclization of aryl ketones with styrenes to furans, providing a new method for the synthesis of multiaryl-substituted furans from cheap and readily available starting materials...
April 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420851/left-paraduodenal-hernia-with-bowel-strangulation
#5
Te-Pao Lin, Chang-Hsien Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420513/euchromatic-variants-of-8q21-2-in-twins
#6
Xiao-Hui Song, Hui-Kuo Hsu, Mei-Tsz Su, Tai-Sheng Chang, Piing Yuh Su, Ming Chen, Pao-Lin Kuo
OBJECTIVE: Euchromatic variants (EVs) of 8q21.2 are extremely rare chromosomal abnormalities. So, far there have only been two reports on EVs of 8q21.2. Here, we report an 8q21.2 EV detected in cultured amniotic-fluid cells of twins. It was later found to be inherited from the mother, who did not present with abnormal phenotypes. CASE REPORT: A pregnant woman underwent amniocentesis at 16 weeks of gestation because of advanced maternal age. This pregnancy was monozygotic twins conceived naturally...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416483/sfk-fak-signaling-attenuates-osimertinib-efficacy-in-both-drug-sensitive-and-drug-resistant-models-of-egfr-mutant-lung-cancer
#7
Eiki Ichihara, David Westover, Catherine B Meador, Yingjun Yan, Joshua A Bauer, Pengcheng Lu, Fei Ye, Amanda Kulick, Elisa De Stanchina, Robert McEwen, Marc Ladanyi, Darren Cross, William Pao, Christine M Lovly
Mutant-selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), such as osimertinib, are active agents for the treatment of EGFR-mutant lung cancer. Specifically, these agents can overcome the effects of the T790M mutation, which mediates resistance to first and second-generation EGFR TKI, and recent clinical trials have documented their efficacy in patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer. Despite promising results, therapeutic efficacy is limited by development of acquired resistance...
April 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410627/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Pao-Yen Lin, Cheng-Ho Chang, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Helen Chen, Kuan-Pin Su
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 (or n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are promising antidepressant treatments for perinatal depression (PND) because of supporting evidence from clinical trials, the advantage in safety, and their anti-inflammatory and neuroplastic effects. Although several observational studies have shown n-3 PUFA deficits in women with PND, the results of individual PUFAs from different studies were inconsistent. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the levels of PUFA indices, including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, total n-3, total n-6, and the n-6/n-3 ratio between women with PND and healthy control subjects...
March 9, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399553/rectus-capitis-posterior-minor-histological-and-biomechanical-links-to-the-spinal-dura-mater
#9
Gabriel Venne, Brian J Rasquinha, Manuela Kunz, Randy E Ellis
STUDY DESIGN: Serial histological investigation was performed on 10 cadaveric specimens and biomechanical tests were performed on five specimens, both focused on the tissue connexion between the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPMi) and the spinal dura. OBJECTIVE: This study had two components: to clarify the microscopic structure of the tissue link between RCPMi and the dura mater, and to evaluate the mechanical role of this tissue complex. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dissection-based and imaging-based reports have suggested a connective tissue link between the RCPMi and the dura mater at the posterior-atlanto-occipital (PAO) level...
April 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396416/proteolytic-control-of-the-mitochondrial-calcium-uniporter-complex
#10
Chen-Wei Tsai, Yujiao Wu, Ping-Chieh Pao, Charles B Phillips, Carole Williams, Christopher Miller, Matthew Ranaghan, Ming-Feng Tsai
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is a Ca(2+)-activated Ca(2+) channel complex mediating mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake, a process crucial for Ca(2+) signaling, bioenergetics, and cell death. The uniporter is composed of the pore-forming MCU protein, the gatekeeping MICU1 and MICU2 subunits, and EMRE, a single-pass membrane protein that links MCU and MICU1 together. As a bridging subunit required for channel function, EMRE could paradoxically inhibit uniporter complex formation if expressed in excess. Here, we show that mitochondrial mAAA proteases AFG3L2 and SPG7 rapidly degrade unassembled EMRE using the energy of ATP hydrolysis...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394610/nanotribological-characterization-of-lubricants-between-smooth-iron-surfaces
#11
Motohiro Kasuya, Kazuhito Tomita, Masaya Hino, Masashi Mizukami, Hiroyuki Mori, Seiji Kajita, Toshihide Ohmori, Atsushi Suzuki, Kazue Kurihara
We performed the resonance shear measurement (RSM) for evaluating the nanorheological and tribological properties of model lubricants, hexadecane and poly(α-olefin) (PAO), confined between iron surfaces. The twin-path surface forces apparatus (SFA) was used for determining the distance between the surfaces. The obtained resonance curves for the confined lubricants showed that the viscosity of the confined hexadecane and PAO increased due to liquid structuring when the surface separation (D) decreased to a value less than 24 and 20 nm, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392700/urinary-cadmium-levels-predict-mortality-of-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#12
Ching-Wei Hsu, Cheng-Hao Weng, Cheng-Chia Lee, Dan-Tzu Lin-Tan, Pao-Hsien Chu, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Tzung-Hai Yen, Wen-Hung Huang
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a serious condition that is associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Previous studies indicated that environmental exposure to cadmium increases mortality of general populations. However, the relationship of cadmium exposure and mortality is unclear for AHF patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 patients with AHF in intensive care units (ICUs) met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for 6 months...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390898/ethylene-response-factor-aterf72-negatively-regulates-arabidopsis-thaliana-response-to-iron-deficiency
#13
Wei Liu, Qiwei Li, Yi Wang, Ting Wu, Yafei Yang, Xinzhong Zhang, Zhenhai Han, Xuefeng Xu
Ethylene regulates the plant's response to stress caused by iron (Fe) deficiency. However, specific roles of ERF proteins in response to Fe deficiency remain poorly understood. Here, we investigated the role of ERF72 in response to iron deficiency in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, the levels of the ethylene response factor AtERF72 increased in leaves and roots induced under the iron deficient conditions. erf72 mutant plants showed increased growth compared to wild type (WT) when grown in iron deficient medium for 5 d...
April 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371582/dynamic-sub-10-nm-nanostructured-ultrathin-films-of-sugar-polyolefin-conjugates-thermoresponsive-at-physiological-temperatures
#14
Samantha R Nowak, Wonseok Hwang, Lawrence R Sita
Spin-casting of a cellobiose-atactic polypropene (CB-aPP) conjugate (1) from a 0.1% (w/w) n-butanol/hexane solution onto highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) and carbon-coated Si(100) spontaneously produced microphase-separated sub-10-nm nanostructured ultrathin films in the form of alternating CB and aPP lamellar domains (d = 6.60 ± 0.68 nm) that are oriented perpendicular to the substrate surface. Thermal annealing at modest temperatures (e.g., 50-100 °C), and as low as the physiologically relevant temperature of 38 °C, serves to drive a structural transition that yields a parallel stacked bilayer assembly as the thermodynamically favored nanostructure...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370312/changes-in-chondrolabral-mechanics-coverage-and-congruency-following-peri-acetabular-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-acetabular-retroversion-a-patient-specific-finite-element-study
#15
Spencer J Knight, Christine L Abraham, Christopher L Peters, Jeffrey A Weiss, Andrew E Anderson
Using a validated finite element (FE) protocol, we quantified cartilage and labrum mechanics, congruency, and femoral coverage in five male patients before and after they were treated for acetabular retroversion with peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO). Three-dimensional models of bone, cartilage, and labrum were generated from computed tomography (CT) arthrography images, acquired before and after PAO. Walking, stair-ascent, stair-descent, and rising from a chair were simulated. Cartilage and labrum contact stress, contact area, and femoral coverage were calculated overall and regionally...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369975/the-redox-state-of-the-apoplast-influences-the-acclimation-of-photosynthesis-and-leaf-metabolism-to-changing-irradiance
#16
Barbara Karpinska, Kaiming Zhang, Brwa Rasool, Daria Pastok, Jenny Morris, Susan R Verrall, Pete E Hedley, Robert D Hancock, Christine H Foyer
The redox state of the apoplast is largely determined by ascorbate oxidase (AO) activity. The influence of AO activity on leaf acclimation to changing irradiance was explored in wild type (WT) and transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum) lines containing either high (PAO) or low (TAO) AO activity at low (LL; 250 µmol m(-2) s(-1) ) and high (HL; 1600 µmol m(-2) s(-1) ) irradiance and following the transition from HL to LL. AO activities changed over the photoperiod, particularly in the PAO plants. AO activity had little effect on leaf ascorbate, which was significantly higher under HL than LL...
April 1, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369847/palmoplantar-pustulosis-and-pustulotic-arthro-osteitis-treatment-with-potassium-iodide-and-tetracycline-a-novel-remedy-with-an-old-drug-a-review-of-25-patients
#17
Shujiro Hayashi, Yayoi Shimaoka, Yoichiro Hamasaki, Atsushi Hatamochi
BACKGROUND: The use of potassium iodide (KI) to treat palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) and pustulotic arthro-osteitis (PAO) has not previously been reported. Here, we report the first successful treatment of PPP and PAO with KI. PATIENT AND METHODS: Among 25 patients with PPP, seven had an associated PAO. All patients were administered 900 mg KI three times per day for 3 months. Overall, 12 patients received this medical treatment for the first time or had >6 months interval since the last therapy for PPP...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367959/polymorphisms-of-sts-gene-and-sult2a1-gene-and-neurosteroid-levels-in-han-chinese-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-exploratory-investigation
#18
Liang-Jen Wang, Wen-Ching Chan, Miao-Chun Chou, Wen-Jiun Chou, Min-Jing Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Pao-Yen Lin, Yi-Hsin Yang, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study examined the relationships among polymorphisms of the STS gene and SULT2A1 gene, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated form (DHEA-S), and characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We used cheek swabs to obtain the genomic DNA of 200 ADHD male probands (mean age: 8.7 years), 192 patients' mothers and 157 patients' fathers. Three SNPs in the STS gene (rs6639786, rs2270112, and rs17268988) and one SNP in the SULT2A1 gene (rs182420) were genotyped. Saliva samples were collected from the ADHD patients to analyze DHEA and DHEA-S levels...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366616/relationship-between-depression-and-frailty-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Pinar Soysal, Nicola Veronese, Trevor Thompson, Kai G Kahl, Brisa S Fernandes, A Matthew Prina, Marco Solmi, Patricia Schofield, Ai Koyanagi, Ping-Tao Tseng, Pao-Yao Lin, Che-Sheng Chu, Theodore D Cosco, Matteo Cesari, Andre F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
AIM: Depression and frailty are prevalent and burdensome in older age. However, the relationships between these entities are unclear and no quantitative meta- analysis exists. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the associations between depression and frailty. METHODS: Two authors searched major electronic databases from inception until November-2016 for cross-sectional/longitudinal studies investigating depression and frailty. The strength of the reciprocal associations between frailty and depression was assessed through odds ratios (ORs) adjusted for potential confounders...
March 31, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363347/increased-serum-levels-of-cysteine-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-potential-marker-of-cognitive-function-preservation
#20
Liang-Jen Wang, Pao-Yen Lin, Yu Lee, Yu-Chi Huang, Chih-Ching Wu, Su-Ting Hsu, Chien-Chih Chen, Mian-Yoon Chong, Chieh-Hsin Lin, Chi-Fa Hung
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the psychopathology of schizophrenia. Cysteine, a semi-essential amino acid, is the precursor of the antioxidant glutathione. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in serum levels of cysteine between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. The relationships between levels of cysteine, psychopathology and cognitive function were also explored. METHODS: We recruited 65 patients with schizophrenia and 65 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
March 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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