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Chern-En Chiang, Shih-Yi Lin, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Tzung-Dau Wang, Hung-I Yeh, Jung-Fu Chen, Chia-Ti Tsai, Yi-Jen Hung, Yi-Heng Li, Ping-Yen Liu, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Kang-Ling Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Kou-Gi Shyu, Wei-Shiung Yang, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Pao-Hsien Chu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Yen-Wen Wu, Hao-Min Cheng, Shyi-Jang Shin, Chien-Ning Huang, Lee-Ming Chuang, Shing-Jong Lin, San-Jou Yeh, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, Jiunn-Lee Lin
The global incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes have been escalating in recent decades. Patients with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). About two-thirds of death in type 2 diabetes are due to ASCVD, including 40% from coronary heart disease (CHD), 15% from heart failure (HF), and 10% from stroke. The association between hyperglycemia and elevated CV risk has been demonstrated in multiple cohort studies. However, clinical trials of intensive glucose reduction did not significantly reduce macrovascular outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chia-Lung Shih, Pao-Mei Liao, Jen-Yi Hsu, Yi-Ning Chung, Victor G Zgoda, Pao-Chi Liao
Di(isononyl)cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) is a plasticizer used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products, such as toys and food packaging. Because the use of DINCH is on the rise, the risk of human exposure to this chemical may likewise increase. Discovering markers for assessing human chemical exposure is difficult because the metabolism of chemicals within humans is complex. In this study, two mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolite profiling data processing methods, the mass defect filter (MDF) method and the signal mining algorithm with isotope tracing (SMAIT) method, were used for DINCH metabolite discovery, and 110 and 18 potential DINCH metabolite signal candidates were discovered, respectively, from in vitro DINCH incubation samples...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hai Bo Wen, Wu Jin, Xue Yan Ma, Bing Qing Zheng, Pao Xu, Liang Xu, Dan Hua, Xin Hua Yuan, Ruo Bo Gu
The basal media M199 or MEM was utilized in the classical method of vitro culture of glochidia where 1-5% CO2 was required to maintain stable physiological pH for completion of non-parasitic metamorphosis. The classical method encounters a great challenge to those glochidia which undergo development of visceral tissue but significantly increase in size during metamorphosis. The improved in vitro culture techniques and classical methods were firstly compared for non-parasitic metamorphosis and development of glochidia in pink heelsplitter...
2018: PloS One
Pao-Hung Lin, Ying-Tang Huang, Fu-Wen Lin
We present a method, the bacterial mineral excretion (BME), for synthesizing two kinds of microcapsules, sodium tungstate and sodium molybdate, and the two metal oxides' corresponding nanoparticles-the former being as small as 22 nm and the latter 15 nm. We fed two strains of bacteria, Shewanella algae and Pandoraea sp., with various concentrations of tungstate or molybdate ions. The concentrations of tungstate and molybdate were adjusted to make microcapsules of different length-to-diameter ratios. We found that the higher the concentration the smaller the nanoparticles were...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
L Franken, F Thielemann, A Postler, S Blum, A Hartmann, K-P Günther, J Goronzy
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure in treatment of symptomatic hip dysplasia. To achieve a good outcome a strict patient selection has to be applied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient age at surgery on clinical outcome. METHODS: In a prospective study 86 patients (106 hips) underwent clinical and radiographic follow-up at a mean time of 5 years (2.5-8.5 years) after PAO. Patient-related outcome measurements (PROMs: EQ-5D, WOMAC, OHS, GTO) were applied preoperatively as well as postoperatively and the deformity correction as well as development of osteoarthritis were evaluated...
February 12, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Chunhong Liu, Tao Yu, Zhuo Xing, Xiaoling Jiang, Yichen Li, Annie Pao, Justin Mu, Paul K Wallace, George Stoica, Andrei V Bakin, Y Eugene Yu
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) frequently have hematopoietic abnormalities, including transient myeloproliferative disorder and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia which are often accompanied by acquired GATA1 mutations that produce a truncated protein, GATA1s. The mouse has been used for modeling DS based on the syntenic conservation between human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) and three regions in the mouse genome located on mouse chromosome 10 (Mmu10), Mmu16 and Mmu17. To assess the impact of the dosage increase of Hsa21 gene orthologs on the hematopoietic system, we characterized the related phenotype in the Dp(10)1Yey/+;Dp(16)1Yey/+;Dp(17)1Yey/+ model which carries duplications spanning the entire Hsa21 orthologous regions on Mmu10, Mmu16 and Mmu17, and the Dp(10)1Yey /+; Dp(16)1Yey /+; Dp(17)1Yey/+ ; Gata1 Yeym2 model which carries a Gata1s mutation we engineered...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Andrea M Spiker, Kate R Gumersell, Ernest L Sink, Bryan T Kelly
In the realm of hip preservation, hip arthroscopy is often used to address intra-articular impingement pathology, whereas periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is used to address dysplasia and instability. Indications to combine these 2 procedures include hip dysplasia and symptomatic instability with a concomitant symptomatic labral tear or the other symptomatic intra-articular pathology (i.e., loose body, chondral flap). The arthroscopic portion of the procedure allows repair of the injured labrum and close inspection of the hip joint, and the PAO addresses undercoverage and/or inappropriate version of the acetabulum...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Pao Ying Hsiao, Idamarie Laquatra, Rita M Johnson, Cassie E Smolic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Farideh Abbasloo, Seyed Abdolmajid Khosravani, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Kheibar Dashtian, Ebrahim Hosseini, Leila Manzouri, Seyed Sajjad Khorramrooz, Asghar Sharifi, Ramin Jannesar, Farzad Sadri
The guanine incropped Cu based metal-organic framework (Guanine-Cu-MOF) was synthesized by facile one-step sonochemical method by simply mixing of 4-4, biphenyldicarboxylic, guanine and copper nitrate (Bio-Cu-H2bpdc-Gu). The prepared guanine-MOF was characterized by using X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) techniques. The morphology of prepared material was sponge-shaped which it was well documented, together with the presence of existing functional groups...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Wen-I Liao, Shu-Yu Wu, Geng-Chin Wu, Hsin-Ping Pao, Shih-En Tang, Kun-Lun Huang, Shi-Jye Chu
The authors would like to make a correction to their published paper [1][...].
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Matthew J Boyle, Robert F Murphy, Patricia E Miller, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who undergo periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) often have labral tears. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare PAO alone with PAO combined with arthrotomy or arthroscopy in DDH patients who had a full-thickness labral tear on magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 47 hips in the PAO group (PAO) were compared with 60 hips in the PAO with concomitant arthrotomy or arthroscopy (PAO-A) with respect to Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), clinical and radiographic outcomes at a median of 29 months...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Peng-Chen Chien, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh, Hang-Tsung Liu
BACKGROUND: In trauma patients, pancreatic injury is rare; however, if undiagnosed, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Few predictive models are available for the identification of pancreatic injury in trauma patients with elevated serum pancreatic enzymes. In this study, we aimed to construct a model for predicting pancreatic injury using a decision tree (DT) algorithm, along with data obtained from a population-based trauma registry in a Level I trauma center...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Do-Yeon Cho, Dong-Jin Lim, Calvin Mackey, Christopher G Weeks, Jaime A Peña Garcia, Daniel Skinner, Jessica W Grayson, Harrison S Hill, David K Alexander, Shaoyan Zhang, Bradford A Woodworth
BACKGROUND: Biofilms may contribute to refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), as they lead to antibiotic resistance and failure of effective clinical treatment. l-Methionine is an amino acid with reported biofilm-inhibiting properties. Ivacaftor is a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator with mild antimicrobial activity via inhibition of bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether co-treatment with ivacaftor and l-methionine can reduce the formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms...
February 7, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Zhaoxia Wang, Yuyu Shao
Pao cai is a spontaneously fermented cabbage where native bacteria may have an important influence on nitrite content during fermentation. In this research, we used metagenomic-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to analyze differences in bacterial composition of pao cai from Hohhot City (northern China) and Guiyang City (southern China). Alongside this, metagenome functional features from the 16S rRNA genes of the microbiome were predicted and correlated with the nitrite content of pao cai. Nitrite-reducing bacterial genera were identified including Lactobacillus (73...
June 2018: Food Microbiology
Pao-Feng Tsai, Stephanie Kitch, Cornelia Beck, Thomas Jakobs, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Kerry Jordan, Erik Jakobs, Shawn Adair
This pilot study examined the initial effects and estimated effect size of a computer-based simulation education program on certified nursing assistants' level of assistance when dressing nursing home residents with dementia and on residents' dressing performance. Nine dyads, assigned to either the experimental or control group, completed the study. Both groups received a traditional 1-hour education module delivered by a research assistant. The experimental group was then instructed to undertake an additional 2-hour intervention using a video simulator that enabled nursing assistants to practice level of assistance skills...
February 5, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Joel Wells, Perry Schoenecker, Stephen Duncan, Charles W Goss, Kayla Thomason, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an alternative to arthroplasty for treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, but there have been few studies on the intermediate-term outcomes of this procedure. In the present study, we assessed intermediate-term hip survival and patient-reported outcomes of PAO used to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. METHODS: From July 1994 to August 2008, 238 hips (206 patients) were treated with PAO. Sixty-two had a diagnosis other than classic acetabular dysplasia, and 22 were lost to follow-up...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Li Yun Yang, Shuang Long Yang, Jun Ying Li, Jun Hong Ma, Tao Pang, Cong Ming Zou, Bin He, Ming Gong
BACKGROUND: Temperature remarkably affects the growth and metabolism of plants. Tobacco is an important cash crop, and the long-term effects of different growth temperatures (18.5, 23.5 and 28.5 °C, daily average) on growth, development and plastid pigments metabolism of tobacco plants were investigated in this study. RESULTS: Compared with tobacco plants grown under 23.5 °C, treatments with 18.5 and 28.5 °C inhibited the expansion of leaves. The contents of superoxide anion (O 2·- ), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malonaldehyde (MDA) in the leaves were significantly increased under 28...
February 5, 2018: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
Shufeng Liu, Qian Chen, Tao Ma, Ming Wang, Jinren Ni
Bacteria capable of simultaneous aerobic denitrification and phosphorus removal (SADPR) are promising to establish novel one-stage wastewater treatment systems. Nevertheless, insights into metabolic potentials of SADPR related bacteria are limited. Here, comprehensive metabolic models of two efficient SADPR bacteria Achromobacter sp. GAD3 and Agrobacterium sp. LAD9 were yielded for the first time by high-throughput genome sequencing. With succinate as the preferred carbon source, both strains employed a complete TCA cycle as the major carbon metabolism for various organic acids and complex carbon oxidation potentials...
February 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Carla Pajak, JinSi Pao, Amandeep Ghuman, Elaine C McKevitt, Urve Kuusk, Carol K Dingee, Rebecca Warburton
INTRODUCTION: Breast Conserving Surgery (BCS) is considered standard of care for women with early stage breast cancer. Between 20 and 50% of women treated with BCS will require re-operation for positive or close margins and it has been suggested that routine cavity shave margins may reduce the frequency of positive margins. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of a prospectively maintained surgical database of patients undergoing BCS for early stage breast cancer, at a single institution, between January 2012 and December 2015...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Hsing Jung Yeh, Pao Ying Lin, Wei Yu Kao, Ching Huei Kun, Chun Chao Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
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