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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821885/the-expression-profiles-of-mirna-mrna-of-early-response-in-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-liver-by-acute-heat-stress
#1
Jun Qiang, Wen J Bao, Fan Y Tao, Jie He, Xia H Li, Pao Xu, Lan Y Sun
Genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) are commercially important fish that are cultured in China. GIFT are highly susceptible to diseases when exposed to high temperatures in summer. Better understanding the GIFT regulatory response to heat stress will not only help in determining the relationship between heat stress signalling pathways and adaption mechanisms, but will also contribute to breeding new high-temperature tolerant strains of GIFT. In this study, we built control (28 °C) and heat-treated (37...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814401/effects-of-protein-supplementation-combined-with-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Yen-Tzu Wu, Chin-Pao Cheng, Hui-Chuen Chen, Yi-Ching Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou
Background: Overweight and obese older people face a high risk of muscle loss and impaired physical function, which may contribute to sarcopenic obesity. Resistance exercise training (RET) has a beneficial effect on muscle protein synthesis and can be augmented by protein supplementation (PS). However, whether body weight affects the augmentation of muscular and functional performance in response to PS in older people undergoing RET remains unclear.Objective: This study was conducted to identify the effects of PS on the body composition and physical function of older people undergoing RET...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811678/patchoulene-epoxide-isolated-from-patchouli-oil-suppresses-acute-inflammation-through-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-downregulation-of-cox-2-inos
#3
Jia-Li Liang, Jia-Zhen Wu, Yu-Hong Liu, Zhen-Biao Zhang, Qi-Duan Wu, Han-Bin Chen, Yan-Feng Huang, Yao-Xing Dou, Jiang-Tao Zhou, Zi-Ren Su, Janis Ya-Xian Zhan
According to the GC-MS analysis, compositional variation was observed between samples of patchouli oil, of which an unknown compound identified as patchoulene epoxide (PAO) was found only in the long-stored oil, whose biological activity still remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory activity with three in vivo inflammatory models: xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. Further investigation into its underlying mechanism on carrageenan-induced paw edema was conducted...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810880/nlrp7-contributes-to-in-vitro-decidualization-of-endometrial-stromal-cells
#4
Jyun-Yuan Huang, Pei-Hsiu Yu, Yueh-Chun Li, Pao-Lin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NACHT), leucine rich repeat (LRR) and pyrin domain (PYD) 7 containing protein, NLRP7, is a member of the NLR family which serves as innate immune sensors. Mutations and genetic variants of NLRP7 have been found in women with infertility associated conditions, such as recurrent hydatidiform mole, recurrent miscarriage, and preeclampsia. Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells is a hallmark of tissue remodeling to support embryo implantation and proper placental development...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809781/ac2-26-an-annexin-a1-peptide-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-acute-lung-injury
#5
Wen-I Liao, Shu-Yu Wu, Geng-Chin Wu, Hsin-Ping Pao, Shih-En Tang, Kun-Lun Huang, Shi-Jye Chu
Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is an endogenous protein that modulates anti-inflammatory processes, and its therapeutic potential has been reported in a range of inflammatory diseases. The effect of AnxA1 on ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced lung injury has not been examined. In this study, isolated, perfused rat lungs were subjected to IR lung injury induced by ischemia for 40 min, followed by reperfusion for 60 min. The rat lungs were randomly treated with vehicle (phosphate-buffered saline), and Ac2-26 (an active N-terminal peptide of AnxA1) with or without an N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR) antagonist N-Boc-Phe-Leu-Phe-Leu-Phe (Boc2)...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803110/dynamics-of-microbial-activities-and-community-structures-in-activated-sludge-under-aerobic-starvation
#6
Wenlong Liu, Yongzhen Peng, Bin Ma, Linna Ma, Fangxu Jia, Xiyao Li
The knowledge of the effect of aerobic starvation on the functional bacterial activities and community structures is important for the recovery of nutrient removal in activated sludge system. Four aerobic starvation processes (3, 7, 14 and 30days) for nitrifiers and polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) were studied. The results showed that nitrifiers could utilize the released ammonium for growth during the first 7days of the aerobic starvation, and then gradually decayed. In the recovery period, the slower recovery ability of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) than ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) contributed to the nitrite accumulation...
July 25, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790418/perceived-stress-and-smoking-across-41-countries-a-global-perspective-across-europe-africa-asia-and-the-americas
#7
Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, A Mathew Prina, Pao-Yen Lin, Ping-Tao Tseng, Evangelos Evangelou, Marco Solmi, Cristiano Kohler, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
Within recent years, there has been a seismic shift in smoking rates from high-income to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Evidence indicates that perceived stress may comprise a barrier for smoking cessation, but little is known about the association of perceived stress and smoking in LMICs. We conducted a cross-sectional, community-based study comprising 217,561 people [mean age 38.5 (SD = 16.1) years, 49.4% males]. A perceived stress score [range 2 (lowest-stress) 10 (highest-stress)] was computed from the Perceived Stress Scale...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789790/depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-predictors-of-depressive-disorders-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-six-month-follow-up-study
#8
Chun-Yi Lee, Yu Lee, Liang-Jen Wang, Chih-Yen Chien, Fu-Min Fang, Pao-Yen Lin
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers of patients with cancer experience a variety of psychological distress. This study aimed to investigate the mental health status and depressive disorder predictors in caregivers of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) over a six-month follow-up. METHODS: We recruited the participants for this study from a HNC outpatient clinic in a medical center from February 2012 to January 2013. Caregivers of HNC patients were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV, Clinician Version, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), and the Family APGAR index...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783372/effects-of-aromatherapy-massage-on-pregnant-women-s-stress-and-immune-function-a-longitudinal-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Pao-Ju Chen, Cheng-Chen Chou, Luke Yang, Yu-Lun Tsai, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
OBJECTIVES: This study's aims are to examine the effects of aromatherapy massage on women's stress and immune function during pregnancy. METHODS: This longitudinal, prospective, randomized controlled trial recruited 52 healthy pregnant women from a prenatal clinic in Taipei using convenience sampling. The participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 24) or control (n = 28) group using Clinstat block randomization. The intervention group received 70 min of aromatherapy massage with 2% lavender essential oil every other week (10 times in total) for 20 weeks; the control group received only routine prenatal care...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780835/-prognostic-value-of-modified-lung-ultrasound-aeration-loss-score-in-shock-patient-in-intensive-care-unit
#10
T J Zou, M G Yin, Y Qin, Y Li, X Y Zeng, Y Kang
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of modified lung ultrasound aeration loss score(mLUS) in shock patients in intensive care unit(ICU). Methods: This was a prospective study.Shock patients who were admitted to ICU from April 2016 to August 2016 were eligible; 90 consecutive shock patients were enrolled.Chest ultrasound examination were done within the first 6 hours after included. The mLUS and other ultrasound variables were recorded as well as the clinical data and the outcome. Data has been analyzed, and a bivariate logistic regression model was established to identify the correlation between mLUS on admission and the ICU mortality...
August 1, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777908/carboxyhemoglobin-half-life-during-hyperbaric-oxygen-in-a-patient-with-lung-dysfunction-a-case-report
#11
Lindell K Weaver, Kayla Deru
INTRODUCTION: The carboxyhemoglobin half-life (COHb t1/2) during hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) is often quoted as 23 minutes, derived from the average of two adult male volunteers breathing HBO₂ at 3 atmospheres absolute (ATA). However, the mean COHb t1/2 of 12 male volunteer smokers was 26.3 minutes at 1.58 ATA and in 12 non-intubated carbon monoxide (CO) poisoned patients treated at 3 ATA, was 43 minutes. CASE REPORT: An 81-year old male, poisoned by an improperly ventilated natural gas heater, was intubated for coma, then treated with HBO₂...
March 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773796/investigation-of-various-active-layers-for-their-performance-on-organic-solar-cells
#12
Pao-Hsun Huang, Yeong-Her Wang, Jhong-Ciao Ke, Chien-Jung Huang
The theoretical mechanism of open-circuit voltages (VOC) in OSCs based on various small molecule organic materials is studied. The structure under investigation is simple planar heterojunction (PHJ) by thermal vacuum evaporation deposition. The various wide band gaps of small molecule organic materials are used to enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE). The donor materials used in the device include: Alpha-sexithiophene (α-6T), Copper(II) phthalocyanine (CuPc), boron subnaphthalocyanine chloride (SubNc) and boron Subphthalocyanine chloride (SubPc)...
August 9, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772768/fracture-analysis-of-mwcnt-epoxy-nanocomposite-film-deposited-on-aluminum-substrate
#13
Shiuh-Chuan Her, Pao-Chu Chien
Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced epoxy films were deposited on an aluminum substrate by a hot-pressing process. Three-point bending tests were performed to determine the Young's modulus of MWCNT reinforced nanocomposite films. Compared to the neat epoxy film, nanocomposite film with 1 wt % of MWCNT exhibits an increase of 21% in the Young's modulus. Four-point-bending tests were conducted to investigate the fracture toughness of the MWCNT/epoxy nanocomposite film deposited on an aluminum substrate with interfacial cracks...
April 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769882/physically-triggered-morphology-changes-in-a-novel-acremonium-isolate-cultivated-in-precisely-engineered-microfabricated-environments
#14
Laura Catón, Andrey Yurkov, Marcel Giesbers, Jan Dijksterhuis, Colin J Ingham
Fungi are strongly affected by their physical environment. Microfabrication offers the possibility of creating new culture environments and ecosystems with defined characteristics. Here, we report the isolation of a novel member of the fungal genus Acremonium using a microengineered cultivation chip. This isolate was unusual in that it organizes into macroscopic structures when initially cultivated within microwells with a porous aluminum oxide (PAO) base. These "templated mycelial bundles" (TMB) were formed from masses of parallel hyphae with side branching suppressed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766649/a-triple-action-chemosensor-for-cu-2-by-chromogenic-cr-3-by-fluorogenic-and-cn-by-relay-recognition-methods-with-bio-imaging-of-hela-cells
#15
Natarajan Vijay, Gopal Balamurugan, Parthiban Venkatesan, Shu Pao Wu, Sivan Velmathi
A triple action chemosensor (R1) bearing a rhodamine and thiophene moiety was synthesized by a simple condensation reaction. The sensing behaviour and selectivity of the synthesized chemosensor toward metal ions were studied by UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. The chemosensor recognized Cu(2+) and Cr(3+) ions with significant changes in UV-Vis absorbance and fluorescence intensity. The results showed that Cr(3+) induced greater fluorescence enhancement whereas Cu(2+) ions bound strongly with the receptor by showing a strong absorption band at 554 nm but with weak fluorescence...
August 2, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763898/-effect-of-single-lumen-endobronchial-tube-and-double-lumen-endobronchial-tube-on-ventilation-and-lung-injury-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-undergoing-combined-thoracoscopic-and-laparoscopic-esophagectomy
#16
Y L Sun, Y Bai, T K Li, S G Lü, L Wang, X H Lu
Objective: To investigate the effect of the single lumen endobronchial tube and the double lumen endobronchial tube on ventilation and lung injury in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy. Methods: Sixty patients with esophageal cancer undergoing combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy were divided into single lumen endobronchial tube group (D group, n=30) and double lumen endobronchial tube group (S, n=30) according to the random number table...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757753/prenatal-diagnosis-of-the-maternal-derivative-chromosome-der-15-t-y-15-q12-p13-in-a-dizygotic-twin-pregnancy
#17
Pei-Yi Chen, Jui-Hung Yen, Ching-Feng Cheng, Pao Chu Chen, Yi-Shian Li, Tzu-Ying Li, Chung-Nan Yeh, Jye-Siung Fang
Sex chromosome translocations are unique and must be considered separately from translocations between autosomes. Here, we describe the first prenatal case of one twin fetus with an unbalanced translocation between chromosome Y and chromosome 15, presenting a 46,XY,der(15)t(Y;15) karyotype. The other twin had a normal 46,XY karyotype. Cytogenetic analysis of the parental chromosomes revealed that the father had a normal 46,XY karyotype, whereas the mother exhibited a 46,XX,der(15) t(Y;15) karyotype. Thus, the proband inherited this translocation from the mother...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756855/interaction-of-candidatus-accumulibacter-and-nitrifying-bacteria-to-achieve-energy-efficient-denitrifying-phosphorus-removal-via-nitrite-pathway-from-sewage
#18
Wei Zeng, Xinlong Bai, Yu Guo, Ning Li, Yongzhen Peng
To achieve energy-efficient denitrifying phosphorus removal via nitrite pathway from sewage, interaction of "Candidatus Accumulibacter" and nitrifying bacteria was investigated in a continuous-flow process. When nitrite in returned sludge of secondary settler was above 13mg/L, nitrite inhibition on anaerobic P-release of poly-phosphate organisms (PAOs) occurred. Clades IIC and IID were dominant, reaching 3.1%-11.9% of total bacteria. Clade IIC was sensitive to nitrite. Under low concentration of nitrite (<8mg/L), clade IIC primarily contributed to anoxic P-uptake...
October 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755414/successful-use-of-digoxin-specific-immune-fab-in-the-treatment-of-severe-nerium-oleander-toxicosis-in-a-dog
#19
Amaris Pao-Franco, Tara N Hammond, Linda K Weatherton, Camille DeClementi, Scott D Forney
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case in which digoxin-specific immune Fab was used successfully in a dog with severe oleander toxicosis secondary to ingesting plant material. CASE SUMMARY: A 6-year-old intact female Rhodesian Ridgeback mixed breed dog was presented for severe oleander toxicosis and was refractory to all antiarrhythmic therapies and supportive care. Digoxin-specific immune Fab was successful in treating this dog. The dog recovered but suffered ischemic injuries, the long-term effects of which are unknown...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743764/redox-control-of-aphid-resistance-through-altered-cell-wall-composition-and-nutritional-quality
#20
Brwa Rasool, Jack McGowan, Daria Pastok, Susan E Marcus, Jennifer Morris, Susan R Verrall, Peter E Hedley, Robert D Hancock, Christine H Foyer
The mechanisms underpinning plants perception of phloem feeding insects, particularly aphids, remain poorly characterized. The role of apoplastic redox state in controlling aphid infestation was therefore explored using transgenic tobacco plants that have either high (PAO) or low (TAO) ascorbate oxidase (AO) activities relative to the wild type. Only a small number of leaf transcripts and metabolites were changed in response to genotype and cell wall composition was largely unaffected. Aphid fecundity was significantly decreased in TAO plants compared to other lines...
July 25, 2017: Plant Physiology
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