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Kerry J Jordan, Pao-Feng Tsai, Seongkum Heo, Shasha Bai, Deborah Dailey, Cornelia Beck, Lindsey Butler
The study aim was to describe the feasibility of conducting a coaching training intervention on use of level of assistance strategies for Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) in nursing homes. CNAs received either traditional or coaching training. Feasibility of coaching training was evaluated by determining: acceptability, through use of a Post-Intervention Evaluation Form; fidelity, by adherence to protocol; recruitment and retention, by ease of obtaining the sample and retention rates; and ability to randomize within each home without contamination...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Ping-Tao Tseng, Cheng-Fang Yen, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Paul Whiteley, Che-Sheng Chu, Dian-Jeng Li, Tien-Yu Chen, Wei-Cheng Yang, Chia-Hung Tang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Wei-Chieh Yang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin
Previous studies have suggested environmental factors may contribute to the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current meta-analysis examined (1) the difference in the duration of maternal breastfeeding between children with and without ADHD, and (2) the association between maternal breastfeeding and ADHD in children. The data of individual studies were synthesized with a random-effects model. Eleven articles were included in this meta-analysis. Children with ADHD had significantly less breastfeeding duration than controls (Hedges' g = - 0...
June 15, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Nicholas C Arpey, Andrew J Holte, Josef N Tofte, Michael C Willey
CASE: A 23-year-old woman with injury-induced acetabular dysplasia developed subacute recurrent dislocation of the right hip following closed reduction of a traumatic dislocation. The initial dislocation had been associated with small posterior wall and femoral head fractures. The recurrent dislocation was addressed with an acute periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for hip stabilization and femoral head fragment excision. CONCLUSION: An acute PAO is an unusual yet viable treatment strategy for addressing recurrent dislocation following traumatic fracture-dislocation in patients with posterior wall deficiency and injury-induced hip dysplasia...
June 13, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Chih-Wei Hsu, Liang-Jen Wang, Pao-Yen Lin
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have investigated the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in treating Tourette syndrome (TS), the results remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the existing literature related to the efficacy of rTMS in TS and synthesize the results through meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched for PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and databases without language restriction through January 1, 2018, and included randomized-controlled and open-label trials that assessed the treatment effect of rTMS for tic symptoms...
June 5, 2018: Brain Stimulation
Cheng-Tzu Wang, Jia-Wan Chen, Karl Wu, Chiang-Sang Chen, Wen-Chih Chen, Jwo-Luen Pao, Chih-Hung Chang, Tsung-Yu Lan
BACKGROUND: There have been many studies regarding nongeriatric femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which included patients of a wide age range (between 20 and 60 years old). We aimed to determine whether internal fixation provided acceptable outcomes for middle-aged patients with displaced FNFs, and identify predictors of successful internal fixation. METHODS: A total of 117 patients, aged 50-60 years and who underwent closed reduction and unilateral internal fixation using cannulated screws, were included...
June 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jia Ge, Lei Cai, Gui-Qi Bi, Gao Chen, Weibang Sun
Buddleja colvilei Hook.f. & Thomson (Scrophulariaceae) is a threatened alpine plant with a distribution throughout the Himalayas, also used as an ornamental plant. The name Buddleja sessilifolia B.S. Sun ex S.Y. Pao was assigned in 1983 to a plant distributed throughout the Gaoligong Mountains, but the name was later placed in synonymy with B. colvilei in the Flora of China . In this study we sequenced the complete chloroplast (cp) genomes of two individuals of B. colvilei and three individuals of B...
May 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Pao-Huan Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo, Shang-Ying Tsai, Shou-Hung Huang, Wen-Cheng Wu
Patients with schizophrenia have higher mortality and shortened life expectancy than the general population, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for up to 50% cases of early mortality in schizophrenia. We determined risk factors, particularly pathophysiological changes, for early circulatory mortality in schizophrenia. In this multi-institutional, nested, case-control study, we enrolled consecutive inpatients with schizophrenia admitted to three psychiatric hospitals in the northern Taiwan. Seventy-nine patients who died of CVD before 65 years of age were identified as cases through record linkage, and 158 controls were randomly selected in a 2:1 ratio through risk-set density sampling, after matching for age (±2 years), sex, and index admission (±3 years)...
May 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Yu-Ching Pao, Chin-Ying Chen, Ching-I Chang, Ching-Yu Chen, Jaw-Shiun Tsai
Effective screening instruments are necessary for evaluating the outcomes of early interventions for the prevention or delay of disability in older persons. This study examined how transitions in frailty items over 1 year and the baseline components of a comprehensive geriatric assessment were associated with improvements in frailty at a 2-year follow-up in a sample of older patients.This was a single-center prospective observational study of older patients aged 65 years and over with chronic diseases (n = 103), who were followed through a hospital-based program over 2 years...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yu-Shian Cheng, Ping-Tao Tseng, Pao-Yen Lin, Tien-Yu Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Ching-Kuan Wu, Yen-Wen Chen, Ming-Kung Wu
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies that investigated the putative association between internet addiction and suicidality. DATA SOURCES: Major electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, ClinicalKey, Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Science Direct, and were searched using the following keywords (internet addiction OR internet gaming disorder OR internet use disorder OR pathological internet use OR compulsive internet use OR problematic internet use) AND (suicide OR depression) to identify observational studies from inception to October 31, 2017...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Sepp De Raedt, Inger Mechlenburg, Maiken Stilling, Lone Rømer, Ryan J Murphy, Mehran Armand, Jyri Lepistö, Marleen de Bruijne, Kjeld Søballe
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the treatment of choice for younger patients with developmental hip dysplasia. The procedure aims to normalize the joint configuration, reduce the peak-pressure, and delay the development of osteoarthritis. The procedure is technically demanding and no previous study has validated the use of computer navigation with a minimally invasive transsartorial approach. METHODS: Computer-assisted PAO was performed on ten patients...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Eduardo N Novais, Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Ali Seker, Matthew J Boyle, Patricia E Miller, Garrett Bowen, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim
Although preservation of high activity level has been reported in active young patients after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for the treatment of symptomatic hip dysplasia, there is limited evidence whether a dancer may be able to resume dancing after PAO. We asked whether female dancers experience improvement in pain and sports-related activities and return to dance following PAO. Between 1997 and 2014 we performed a total of 44 PAOs in 33 female dancers with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The mean age was 20...
July 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Ibrahim Azboy, Michael M Kheir, Ronald Huang, Javad Parvizi
There are no clear guidelines regarding optimal venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis for patients undergoing hip preservation surgery (HPS), in particular pelvic osteotomy, which is considered to be a major orthopaedic procedure. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of aspirin for VTE prophylaxis in a large cohort of patients undergoing femoroacetabular osteoplasty (FAO) and periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data on patients undergoing HPS...
July 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Matthew J Kraeutler, Sivashanmugam Raju, Tigran Garabekyan, Omer Mei-Dan
There are currently no established guidelines for appropriate antithrombotic prophylaxis following periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) or derotational femoral osteotomy (DFO). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of clinical deep venous thrombosis (DVT) following PAO and/or DFO wherein a portable, mechanical device and low-dose aspirin were used postoperatively for DVT prophylaxis. Patients who had undergone staged hip arthroscopy and primary PAO and/or DFO were prospectively reviewed. Following PAO/DFO, patients were prophylactically treated for thromboembolic disease with a portable, mechanical compression device for 3 weeks and low-dose aspirin for 4 weeks...
July 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Simon J McIlroy, Cristobal A Onetto, Bianca McIlroy, Florian-Alexander Herbst, Morten S Dueholm, Rasmus H Kirkegaard, Eustace Fernando, Søren M Karst, Marta Nierychlo, Jannie M Kristensen, Kathryn L Eales, Paul R Grbin, Reinhard Wimmer, Per Halkjær Nielsen
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) involves the cycling of biomass through carbon-rich (feast) and carbon-deficient (famine) conditions, promoting the activity of polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs). However, several alternate metabolic strategies, without polyphosphate storage, are possessed by other organisms, which can compete with the PAO for carbon at the potential expense of EBPR efficiency. The most studied are the glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs), which utilize aerobically stored glycogen to energize anaerobic substrate uptake and storage...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Ming-Ren Chen, Shio Jean Lin, Pao Chin Chiu, Dau-Ming Niu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Ju-Li Lin, Shuan-Pei Lin
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is the most frequently occurring MPS in Taiwan, with an incidence of 2.05 per 100,000 live male births, but little is known about clinical characteristics and surgical history in Taiwanese patients. METHODS: Medical history, demographics, signs and symptoms, and surgical history were analysed in all patients from Taiwanese centres in the Hunter Outcome Survey (HOS; NCT 03292887), a global, multicentre registry that collects real-world data on patients with MPS II...
June 4, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Tao Teng, Bingwen Xi, Kai Chen, Liangkun Pan, Jun Xie, Pao Xu
BACKGROUND: Iron plays important roles in the growth, reproduction and pathogenicity of Aeromonas hydrophila. In this study, we detected and compared the mRNA and protein expression profiles of A. hydrophila under normal and iron restricted medium with 200 μM 2,2-Dipyridyl using RNA Sequencing (RNA-seq) and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) analyses. RESULTS: There were 1204 genes (601 up- and 603 down-regulated) and 236 proteins (90 up- and 146 down-regulated) shown to be differentially expressed, and 167 genes and proteins that showed consistent expression...
June 4, 2018: BMC Microbiology
A Vieira, A Ribera-Guardia, R Marques, M T Barreto Crespo, A Oehmen, G Carvalho
The emission of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2 O) can occur during biological nutrient removal. Denitrifying enhanced biological phosphorus removal (d-EBPR) systems are an efficient means of removing phosphate and nitrogen, performed by denitrifying polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (d-PAOs). The aim of this work was to study the effect of various combinations of electron acceptors, nitrate (NO3 - ), nitrite (NO2 - ), and N2 O, on the denitrification pathway of a d-EBPR system. Batch tests were performed with different electron acceptor combinations, to explore the denitrification pathway...
June 2, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
K Wisniewski, M Kowalski, J Makinia
In this study, the IWA Activated Sludge Model No. 2d (ASM2d) was expanded to identify the most important mechanisms leading to the anoxic nitrous oxide (N2 O) production in the combined nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) removal activated sludge systems. The new model adopted a three-stage denitrification concept and was evaluated against the measured data from one/two-phase batch experiments carried out with activated sludge withdrawn from a local, large-scale biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment plant...
May 24, 2018: Water Research
Yen-Ming Lin, Pao-Hsien Chu, Pin Ouyang
The androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway plays a vital role in the normal development and function of the male reproductive organs. Dysregulation of the androgen-AR signaling pathway has been linked to prostate cancer. Here, we demonstrate that tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101) regulates AR expression level via the endosome/lysosome degradation pathway. In LNCaP cells, TSG101 overexpression recruits the AR to TSG101-containing cytoplasmic vesicles resulting in reduced AR protein level and AR transactivation activity downregulation...
May 30, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Khadijah Abdul Kader, Xin Ying Ngiam, Pao-Tang Kao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Pediatrics in Review
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