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Tarik Abzazou, Humbert Salvadó, Yexenia Cardenas Youngs, Alberto Becerril Rodríguez, Eva Mª Ciriero Cebirán, Anna Huguet, Rosa Mª Araujo
Biological wastewater treatment processes involve very complex microbial communities. Culture-independent molecular methods are feasible tools used to analyze and control the structure of different microbial communities, such as bacterial communities that remove nutrients. Here, we used the gBlocks gene fragments method, a new real-time PCR approach for the development of DNA standards, to quantify total bacterial cells, AOB, NOB, and Archaeal genes at two different WWTPs. PAOs were also quantified using the FISH technique...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Han-Yung Chang, Ping-Tao Tseng, Brendon Stubbs, Che-Sheng Chu, Dian-Jeng Li, Michele Fornaro, Andre Carvalho, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Eduard Vieta, Tien-Yu Chen, Yen-Wen Chen, Pao-Yen Lin, Philip Chik-Keung Chow
Paliperidone may be effective for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD); however, the evidence has been mixed. This is the first meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of paliperidone for the treatment of BD. We performed a systematic search of the literature using major electronic databases from inception to January 27, 2017. Randomized control trials (RCTs) investigating paliperidone treatment among patients with BD versus a placebo or other second-generation antipsychotics were included...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Ping-Tao Tseng, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Paul Whiteley, Chia-Hung Tang, Wei-Cheng Yang, Tien-Yu Chen, Dian-Jeng Li, Che-Sheng Chu, Wei-Chieh Yang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Cheng-Fang Yen, Pao-Yen Lin
OBJECTIVES: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of conditions variably affecting communicative and social interactive abilities presenting alongside behaviors with various restricted and repetitive patterns. In addition to genetic factors that influence the onset of the symptoms, there is growing interest in the potential involvement of non-genetic environmental factors. Some aspects of breastfeeding practices, including rates, timing, or optimality, have been put forward as environmental risk factors for autism...
October 18, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Tao Teng, Liguo Liang, Kai Chen, Bingwen Xi, Jun Xie, Pao Xu
The morphology and the drug sensitivity of the strain GYX2014-1 isolated from the hepatic pancreatic tissue of moribund Litopenaeus vannamei were evaluated by conventional culture characteristics, physical and chemical characteristics, and molecular biology methods. Detection of extracellulase and hemolysin activity shows that the isolated GYX2014-1 has protease, lipase, gelatinase activity, but none of amylase, or lecithinase activity. The 16S rRNA gene (GenBank accession number: KT781675) was analyzed, and a phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the isolated pathogen was most closely related to V...
2017: PloS One
Yu-Shian Cheng, Ping-Tao Tseng, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Wei-Chieh Yang, Tien-Yu Chen, Ching-Kuan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin
AIM: Deficiency of omega 3 fatty acids may be linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Evidence about the potential therapeutic effects of supplementation of omega 3 fatty acids is lacking in ASD patients. METHODS: We searched major electronic databases from inception to June 21, 2017, for randomized clinical trials, which compared treatment outcomes between supplementation of omega 3 fatty acids and placebo in patients with ASD. An exploratory random-effects meta-analysis of the included studies was undertaken...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Subu Surendran Rajasekaran, Christopher Illies, Stephen B Shears, Huanchen Wang, Thais S Ayala, Joilson O Martins, Elisabetta Daré, Per-Olof Berggren, Christopher J Barker
Inositol pyrophosphates have emerged as important regulators of many critical cellular processes from vesicle trafficking and cytoskeletal rearrangement to telomere length regulation and apoptosis. We have previously demonstrated that 5-di-phosphoinositol pentakisphosphate, IP7, is at a high level in pancreatic β-cells and is important for insulin exocytosis. To better understand IP7 regulation in β-cells, we used an insulin secreting cell line, HIT-T15, to screen a number of different pharmacological inhibitors of inositide metabolism for their impact on cellular IP7...
October 14, 2017: Cellular Signalling
C D Polyzou, E S Koumousi, Z G Lada, C P Raptopoulou, V Psycharis, M Rouzières, A C Tsipis, C Mathonière, R Clérac, S P Perlepes
The use of 2-pyridinealdoxime (paoH), methyl 2-pyridyl ketone oxime (mepaoH), phenyl 2-pyridyl ketone oxime (phpaoH) and pyridine-2-amidoxime (NH2paoH) for the synthesis of dinuclear Co(III)/Dy(III) complexes is described in the absence or presence of an external base. Complexes [CoDy(pao)3(NO3)3] (1), [CoDy(mepao)3(NO3)3] (2), [CoDy(phpao)3(NO3)3] (3) and [CoDy(NH2pao)3(NO3)3]·3MeOH (4·3MeOH) have been isolated and their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The complexes crystallize in non-centrosymmetric (2, 3) or centrosymmetric (1, 4·3MeOH) trigonal space groups and form a family of triply-oximate bridged dinuclear Co(iii)-Dy(iii) complexes...
October 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
S Y Sheu, C H Wang, Y H Pao, Y T Fu, C H Liu, C H Yao, T F Kuo
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to evaluate the efficacy of cartilage transplantation to the medial femoral condyle±platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) augmentation in a porcine model. The hypothesis of the study was that PRF may act as a bioactive cell scaffold to fill defects and enhance cartilage regeneration. METHODS: Thirty-two knees of 16 miniature pigs were randomly assigned to four groups. The critical-size osteochondral defects (8x5mm) in femoral condyle of both knees were treated with one of the following: group 1-untreated controls; group 2-cartilage fragments alone; group 3-PRF alone; group 4-PRFT+cartilage fragments...
October 13, 2017: Knee
Jun Qiang, Yi-Fan Tao, Jie He, Jin-Wen Bao, Hong-Xia Li, Wen-Bo Shi, Pao Xu, Yi-Lan Sun
Darkbarbel catfish (Pelteobagrus vachellii) is an important freshwater fish in China. Water temperature greatly influences the absorption and utilization of dietary lipid by fish. Response values (including growth, hepatic fat deposition, and gene expression) for darkbarbel catfish mediated by two factors (water temperature 20-34°C; dietary lipid level 2-17%) were the focus of this study. The relationship between the two factors and the response values was evaluated by the response surface method using the central composite design...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Pao Yen Lin, Wei Chuan Tsai, Ju Yi Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
Hsin-Yuan Hung, Jinn-Shiun Chen, Chien-YuhYeh, Reiping Tang, Pao-Shiu Hsieh, Wen-SyTasi, Yau-Tong You, Jeng-Fu You, Jy-Ming Chiang
PURPOSE: Purpose To assess preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in colon adenocarcinomapatients with various clinical features and determine its prognostic value. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, 10,800 stage I-IV colon cancer patients who underwent surgery wereretrospectively enrolled. The relationship between ALP level and variables, including age, gender,carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) levels, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level, bilirubin level, tumor size,liver cirrhosis, hepatitis, albumin level, histological type, and TNM-stage, were evaluated...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Ying Hui Ong, Adeline Seak May Chua, Toshikazu Fukushima, Gek Cheng Ngoh, Tadashi Shoji, Atsuko Michinaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Water Research
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
Shunsuke Akiho, Koichi Kinoshita, Ayumi Matsunaga, Satohiro Ishii, Hajime Seo, Jun Nishio, Takuaki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Pubic bone nonunion and delayed union are reported as post-operative complications after peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO). However, few studies have determined the incidence of delayed union using computed tomography (CT) scans. This study aimed to determine the incidence of delayed union at one year after PAO using X-ray and CT scans. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 150 hips in 132 consecutive patients with acetabular dysplasia who underwent PAO between January 2012 and June 2016 and evaluated 107 hips for which pelvic CT scans taken at one year after PAO were available...
October 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Jianhao Luo, Mingxi Liu, Chendong Zhang, Peipei Zhang, Jingjing Chen, Zhenfei Guo, Shaoyun Lu
Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides [Munro] Hack.) is an important warm-season turfgrass species. Transgenic centipedgrass plants overexpressing S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase from bermudagrass (CdSAMDC1) that was induced in response to cold were generated in this study. Higher levels of CdSAMDC1 transcript and sperimidine (Spd) and spermin (Spm) concentrations and enhanced freezing and chilling tolerance were observed in transgenic plants as compared with the wild type (WT). Transgenic plants had higher levels of polyamine oxidase (PAO) activity and H2O2 than WT, which were blocked by pretreatment with methylglyoxal bis (guanylhydrazone) or MGBG, inhibitor of SAMDC, indicating that the increased PAO and H2O2 were a result of expression of CdSAMDC1...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Cheng-Ning Yang, Min-Fang Wu, Chung-Chih Liu, Wei-Hung Jung, Yu-Chin Chang, Wang-Pao Lee, Young-Ji Shiao, Chia-Lin Wu, Horng-Huei Liou, Sze-Kwan Lin, Chih-Chiang Chan
Impaired clearance of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) leads to abnormal extracellular accumulation of this neurotoxic protein that drives neurodegeneration in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) expression is elevated in plaque-surrounding astrocytes in AD patients. However, the role of CTGF in AD pathogenesis remains unclear. Here we characterized the neuroprotective activity of CTGF. We found that CTGF facilitated Aβ uptake and subsequent degradation within primary glia and neuroblastoma cells...
October 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Patrick C Y Woo, Susanna K P Lau, Candy C Y Lau, Edward T K Tung, Rex K H Au-Yeung, Jian-Pao Cai, Ken T K Chong, Kong Hung Sze, Richard Y Kao, Quan Hao, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Recently, we showed that Mp1p is an important virulence factor of Talaromyces marneffei, a dimorphic fungus phylogenetically closely related to Aspergillus fumigatus. In this study, we investigated the virulence properties of the four Mp1p homologues (Afmp1p, Afmp2p, Afmp3p, and Afmp4p) in A. fumigatus using a mouse model. All mice died 7 days after challenge with wild-type A. fumigatus QC5096, AFMP1 knockdown mutant, AFMP2 knockdown mutant and AFMP3 knockdown mutant and 28 days after challenge with AFMP4 knockdown mutant (P<...
August 4, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Benke Kuai, Junyi Chen, Stefan Hörtensteiner
Chlorophyll breakdown is one of the most obvious signs of leaf senescence and fruit ripening. The resulting yellowing of leaves can be observed every autumn, and the color change of fruits indicates their ripening state. During these processes, chlorophyll is broken down in a multistep pathway, now termed the 'PAO/phyllobilin' pathway, acknowledging the core enzymatic breakdown step catalysed by pheophorbide a oxygenase, which determines the basic linear tetrapyrrole structure of the products of breakdown that are now called 'phyllobilins'...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Chu-An Yang, Hsiu-Chuan Liu, Dong-Liang Lin, Ray H Liu, You-Zung Hsieh, Shu-Pao Wu
Heroin, methamphetamine and ketamine have been the most commonly abused drugs in Taiwan. The presence of these drugs and their metabolites in postmortem specimens has been routinely monitored in our laboratory mostly by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric methods. This study aimed to evaluate a more effective approach to simultaneously quantify these analytes (i.e., amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), morphine, codeine, 6-acetylmorphine, 6-acetylcodeine, ketamine and norketamine) in postmortem urine and blood specimens by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
T V Kharitonova, I A Voznjuk, A Yu Polushin
AIM: To find clinical criteria applied in the first hours of disease for the identification of severe ischemic stroke caused by an occlusion of proximal major arteries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors have analyzed 133 medical histories of patients with the diagnosis of acute cerebral blood circulation disorder admitted in the first 6 h from onset. All patients underwent CT-angiography or digital subtraction angiography. Occlusion of the inner carotid artery, occlusion of M1-segment of the middle cerebral artery and occlusion of a major artery were considered as proximal occlusion of major cerebral arteries...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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