keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sit up

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209177/is-posture-related-craniospinal-compliance-shift-caused-by-jugular-vein-collapse-a-theoretical-analysis
#1
Manuel Gehlen, Vartan Kurtcuoglu, Marianne Schmid Daners
BACKGROUND: Postural changes are related to changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. While sitting up leads to a decrease in cranial CSF pressure, it also causes shifts in the craniospinal CSF volume and compliance distribution. We hypothesized that jugular vein collapse in upright posture is a major contributor to these shifts in CSF volume and compliance. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we implemented a mathematical lumped-parameter model of the CSF system and the relevant parts of the cardiovascular system...
February 16, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203176/a-case-of-gastric-cancer-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#2
Byoung Jo Suh
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital anomaly that refers to a completely reversed location of the abdominal and thoracic organs. We report the case of 50-year-old man with gastric cancer and SIT who was diagnosed during a screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy. A chest X-ray, abdominopelvic computed tomography, and (18)F-fluoro2-deoxyglucose-D-glucose-positron emission tomography scans revealed SIT. We performed a radical subtotal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. Advanced surgical skill is required to perform a precise lymphadenectomy in a patient with SIT by visualizing the exact mirror image of the anatomy during the operation...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186934/protocol-for-the-mindful-student-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-provision-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-to-support-university-students-well-being-and-resilience-to-stress
#3
Julieta Galante, Geraldine Dufour, Alice Benton, Emma Howarth, Maris Vainre, Timothy J Croudace, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Peter B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Levels of stress in UK university students are high, with an increase in the proportion of students seeking help in recent years. Academic pressure is reported as a major trigger. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress and is popular among students, but its effectiveness in this context needs to be ascertained. In this pragmatic randomised controlled trial, we hypothesise that the provision of a preventative mindfulness intervention in universities could reduce students' psychological distress during the examination period (primary outcome), improve their resilience to stress up to at least 1 year later, reduce their use of mental health support services and improve academic performance...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180056/patterns-and-predictors-of-sitting-time-over-ten-years-in-a-large-population-based-canadian-sample-findings-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#4
Klaus Gebel, Sarah Pont, Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Josephine Y Chau, Claudie Berger, Jerilynn C Prior
Our objective was to describe patterns and predictors of sedentary behavior (sitting time) over 10 years among a large Canadian cohort. Data are from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, a prospective study of women and men randomly selected from the general population. Respondents reported socio-demographics, lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in interviewer-administered questionnaires; weight and height were measured. Baseline data were collected between 1995 and 1997 (n = 9418; participation rate = 42%), and at 5- (n = 7648) and 10-year follow-ups (n = 5567)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180004/associations-of-sit-up-ability-with-sarcopenia-classification-measures-in-japanese-older-women
#5
REVIEW
Takashi Abe, Yu Yaginuma, Eiji Fujita, Robert S Thiebaud, Masashi Kawanishi, Takuya Akamine
To test the hypothesis that sit-up performance is associated with sarcopenia classification measures, 93 older women aged 53-78 years were divided into three groups based on achieved repetitions (30 s) for the sit-up performance test: Group 0 (G 0, n = 33) performed 0 repetitions, Group 1-9 (G 1-9, n = 30) performed between 1 and 9 repetitions, and Group 10+ (G 10+, n = 30) performed over 10 repetitions. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean soft tissue mass (aLM), handgrip strength (HGS), usual walking speed, and chair stand were measured, and low muscle mass (aLM index) and poor physical function were defined according to previous studies...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178773/postural-control-of-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-compared-to-healthy-participants-tug-frt-and-center-of-pressure-movement
#6
Sigal Portnoy, Shlomit Reif, Tom Mendelboim, Debbie Rand
BACKGROUND: Balance impairments are common following stroke, and may lead to loss of independent functional mobility and falls. Previous studies strived to come up with precise measures of postural control, which will provide a better prognostic power for the health status and safety of the individual. To date, the degree of difference in postural control measures between individuals with chronic stroke and healthy participants is not reported. Also there are no reported correlations between these measures and the Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG) and the Functional Reach Test (FRT)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177938/cognitive-correlates-of-timed-up-and-go-subtasks-in-older-people-with-preserved-cognition-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Juliana Hotta Ansai, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale, Maria Joana Duarte Caetano, Stephen Ronald Lord, José Rubens Rebelatto
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether impaired Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) subtask performances are associated with specific cognitive domains among older people with preserved cognition (PC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: TUG subtasks performances were assessed by the Qualisys motion system. Cognition was assessed by Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB). RESULTS: The highest correlations with transition subtasks were with aspects of executive function, i...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177741/modified-sprint-interval-training-protocols-part-ii-psychological-responses
#8
Logan K Townsend, Hashim Islam, Emily Dunn, Mark Eys, Jennifer Robertson-Wilson, Tom J Hazell
Sprint-interval training (SIT) is a viable method to improve health and fitness. However, researchers have questioned the utility of SIT due to its strenuous nature. The current study aimed to determine if manipulating the sprint and recovery duration, while maintaining the 1:8 work to rest ratio, could uncover a more favourable SIT protocol. Nine healthy active males (23.3±3.0 y, 22.4±2.2 kg·m<sup>-2</sup>, 48.9±5.3 mLkg<sup>-1</sup>min<sup>-1</sup>) participated in three experimental running SIT sessions: (1) 30:240 (4 x 30 sec efforts, 240 sec recovery); (2) 15:120 (8 x 15 sec efforts, 120 sec recovery); (3) 5:40 (24 x 5 sec efforts, 40 sec recovery); and (4) a final behavioural choice follow-up session...
December 7, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174457/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-three-functional-tests-forward-lunge-step-up-over-and-sit-to-stand
#9
Carmen Luque-Siles, Tomas Gallego-Izquierdo, Jose Jesus Jímenez-Rejano, Susana Granados de-la-Orden, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Africa López-Illescas-Ruiz, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Natalia Romero-Franco, Patricia Martín-Casas, Daniel Pecos-Martín
[Purpose] To examine the intrasession and intersession reliability and the absolute reliability of three functional dynamic tests-forward-lunge, step-up-over and sit-to-stand tests-using computerized dynamic posturography. [Subjects and Methods] An intra-test and test-retest, repeated measure study was designed. Forty-five healthy subjects twice carried out the forward-lunge test, step-up-over test, and sit-to-stand test on two days, one week apart. The intrasession and intersession reliabilities as judged by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the minimal detectable change of the three functional tests were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167476/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#10
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167304/age-related-changes-in-morphology-and-function-of-scapular-muscles-in-asymptomatic-people
#11
Shuhei Morise, Takayuki Muraki, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Shin-Ichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: Aging is a contributing factor to rotator cuff tears. Dysfunction of the scapular muscles can be a potential cause of rotator cuff tears. Although aging can contribute to dysfunction of the scapular muscles, and subsequently result in rotator cuff tears, the effects of aging on scapular muscles are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in sizes and electromyographic activities of the scapular muscles with age in asymptomatic subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study PATIENTS: Fifty-four asymptomatic subjects without shoulder pain and dysfunction (18 males and 36 females) were recruited for this study...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165695/is-there-a-cure-for-violence
#12
Charles Bouchard
If you want to avoid violence, stay away from hospitals. The first time I went to an emer- gency room, to pick up an elderly friar who had taken a fall, I was shocked to encounter armed guards, metal detectors, police officers and even a handcuffed prisoner sitting in the waiting area. Was I in a hospital or a jail? This brief, daytime experience changed my im- age of emergency care forever. Since that first visit, I have learned that things are even worse than they appeared that day. Hospitals are dangerous places...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#13
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152864/use-of-an-automated-notification-tool-to-drive-real-time-patient-symptom-intervention
#14
Brandon Bosch, Diane Denny, Maurie Markman
: 160 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment tool that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden for real-time clinical intervention, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, a validated assessment instrument with questions added and a free text box by CTCA...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152730/addressing-patient-needs-through-compilation-of-self-reported-verbatim-comments
#15
Diane Denny, Sarah Hizon, Danielle Kendrick, Maurie Markman
: 111 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of five hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, with eight questions and a free text box added by CTCA. Patient comments are provided in approximately 5% of all assessments (representing 3,700 comments) since initiation of the SIT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#16
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143825/a-survey-of-first-year-biology-student-opinions-regarding-live-lectures-and-recorded-lectures-as-learning-tools
#17
D C Simcock, W H Chua, M Hekman, M T Levin, S Brown
A cohort of first-year biology students was surveyed regarding their opinions and viewing habits for live and recorded lectures. Most respondents (87%) attended live lectures as a rule (attenders), with 66% attending more than two-thirds of the lectures. In contrast, only 52% accessed recordings and only 13% viewed more than two-thirds of the available recordings. Respondents regarded lectures as efficient for information delivery (75%), and 89% enjoyed live lectures because they were useful for learning (89%), understanding coursework (94%), and keeping up with the subject (93%)...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141719/-more-than-meets-the-eye-when-the-neonatal-course-may-impact-several-years-out
#18
Fadiyla Dopwell, John Maypole, Bharati Sinha, Heidi Currier, William DeBassio, Marilyn Augustyn
Nadia is a 7-year-old girl who you have followed since her discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Her parents are here today for an urgent visit with behavioral concerns, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression.Nadia is a former 40-weeker born through vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery at 9 pounds 7 ounces. Her delivery was complicated with shoulder dystocia, which resulted in resuscitation. Her Apgar scores were 1, 3, and 4 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes, respectively. After intubation and stabilization on mechanical ventilation, Nadia was transferred to the NICU...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139402/breaking-up-sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-lipoprotein-metabolism
#19
Tobias Engeroff, Eszter Füzéki, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVES: Some authors report delayed responses of lipid metabolism after prolonged and interrupted sitting. To date no experimental studies have shown acute physical activity (PA) related changes of lipoprotein metabolism during sedentary behavior (SB). The purpose of this study was to examine immediate effects of a single PA-bout vs. regular PA-breaks on lipoprotein metabolism during postprandial SB. DESIGN: Eighteen female subjects (25.6years±2.6; 21.5kg/m2±2...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138789/phrenic-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-parsonage-turner-syndrome-a-diagnosis-commonly-overlooked
#20
Tom McEnery, Ronan Walsh, Conor Burke, Aisling McGowan, John Faul, Liam Cormican
Neuralgic Amyotrophy (NA) or Parsonage-Turner syndrome is an idiopathic neuropathy commonly affecting the brachial plexus. Associated phrenic nerve involvement, though recognised, is thought to be very rare. We present a case series of four patients (all male, mean age 53) presenting with dyspnoea preceded by severe self-limiting upper limb and shoulder pain, with an elevated hemi-diaphragm on clinical examination and chest X-ray. Neurological examination of the upper limb at the time of presentation was normal...
January 30, 2017: Lung
keyword
keyword
24953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"