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Wendy Yajun Huang, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong, Gang He, J O Salmon
PURPOSE: This study examined the prospective associations of reallocating time spent in different types of sedentary behavior, physical activity, and sleep with body mass index (BMI) in children using isotemporal substitution analysis. METHODS: Chinese children in grades 1-3 were recruited to a cohort study in 2009 and were followed up over a 2-yr period. Reports were gathered from the parents on children's sedentary behavior, sleep duration, and sociodemographic variables...
November 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Arnaldina Sampaio, Elisa A Marques, Jorge Mota, Joana Carvalho
This study examined the effect of a Multicomponent Training (MT) intervention on cognitive function, functional fitness and anthropometric variables in institutionalized patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-seven institutionalized elders (84.05 ± 5.58 years) clinically diagnosed with AD (mild and moderate stages) were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG, n = 19) and Control Group (CG, n = 18). The EG participated in a six-month supervised MT program (aerobic, muscular resistance, flexibility and postural exercises) of 45-55 minutes/session, twice/week...
October 18, 2016: Dementia
Cindy T Y Lam, Graham E Trope, Yvonne M Buys
PURPOSE: To measure the influence of body weight on postural intraocular pressure (IOP) changes and to determine if significant weight loss effects IOP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective case-control study 25 morbidly obese subjects scheduled for bariatric surgery and 25 age-matched and sex-matched normal weight controls were recruited. Subjects had tonometry performed in 7 positions with the order randomized: sitting with the neck in neutral position, neck flexion at 30 degrees, extension at 30 degrees, supine, right, and left lateral decubitus, and with the head and upper body elevated at 30 degrees...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Erika Zemková, Michal Jeleň, Peter Schickhofer, Dušan Hamar
: Background/Study Context: The study estimates the reliability of peak velocity and peak power during chair rising and chair jumping tests and their ability to discriminate between different age and physical activity level groups. METHODS: Physically active and sedentary individuals (N = 262) of different ages (young: 22.9 ± 2.0 years, range: 21-25 years; older: 63.1 ± 1.8 years, range: 61-65 years) performed, in random order, chair rising and chair jumping tests on a force plate...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
Matthew J Stork, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
This study investigated the impact of listening to music during exercise on perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards sprint interval training (SIT). Twenty men (24.8 ± 4.5 years) and women (20.1 ± 2.6 years) unfamiliar with SIT exercise completed two acute sessions of SIT, one with and one without music. Perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards SIT were measured post-exercise for each condition. Attitudes and intentions to engage in SIT were also measured at baseline and follow-up...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Kathryn E Myhre, Bryant J Webber, Thomas L Cropper, Juste N Tchandja, Dale M Ahrendt, Christopher A Dillon, Roy W Haas, Samantha L Guy, Mary T Pawlak, Susan P Federinko
BACKGROUND: Anemia has been implicated in adverse health outcomes of athletes and military trainees, ranging from overuse injuries to degraded physical and cognitive performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate prevalence of anemia among US Air Force (USAF) basic trainees, to compare physical performance and discharge rates between anemic and non-anemic trainees, and to determine the risks and relative risks of being discharged for anemic versus non-anemic women and men. METHODS: All USAF basic trainees were screened for anemia between July 2013 and January 2014, during an 8-week basic training course at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, TX...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Karen L Barker, David Beard, Andrew Price, Francine Toye, Martin Underwood, Avril Drummond, Gary Collins, Susan Dutton, Helen Campbell, Nicola Kenealy, Jon Room, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: The number of knee arthroplasties performed each year is steadily increasing. Although the outcome is generally favourable, up to 15 % fail to achieve a satisfactory clinical outcome which may indicate that the existing model of rehabilitation after surgery may not be the most efficacious. Given the increasing number of knee arthroplasties, the relative limited physiotherapy resources available and the increasing age and frailty of patients receiving arthroplasty surgery, it is important that we concentrate our rehabilitation resources on those patients who most need help to achieve a good outcome...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Hsuan Su, Nai-Jen Chang, Wen-Lan Wu, Lan-Yuen Guo, I-Hua Chu
CONTEXT: Foam rolling has been proposed to improve muscle function, performance, and joint range of motion (ROM). However, whether a foam rolling protocol can be adopted as a warm-up to improve flexibility and muscle strength is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the acute effects of foam rolling, static stretching, and dynamic stretching used as part of warm-up on flexibility and muscle strength of knee flexion and extension. DESIGN: Crossover study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
R K Hansen, J B Andersen, A S Vinther, U Pielmeier, R G Larsen
A randomized, controlled, cross-over study was used to investigate the effects of breaking up prolonged sitting with low intensity physical activity on postprandial blood glucose concentrations in healthy, young, normal-weight adults. 14 men (n=6) and women (n=8) were assigned to 2.5 h of prolonged sitting (CON) and 2.5 h of prolonged sitting with 2-min bouts of walking every 20 min (LIPA). After ingesting a standardized test drink, capillary blood was sampled every 10 min to establish a postprandial blood glucose profile...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Eijiro Okada, Takashi Tsuji, Kentaro Shimizu, Masanori Kato, Kentaro Fukuda, Shinjiro Kaneko, Jun Ogawa, Kota Watanabe, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto
PURPOSE: To clarify correlations between spinal fracture and delayed paralysis in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) using computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting (CT-MPR). DISH increases susceptibility to unstable spinal fractures, leading to neurological deterioration. The pathomechanism of the neurological injury is unclear. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 42 DISH patients (32 male; 10 female) treated for 45 spinal fractures during a 5-year period...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Ece Çınar, Yeşim Akkoç, Hale Karapolat, Raika Durusoy, Gökhan Keser
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of postural deformities caused by ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on balance problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 29 patients with AS and 21 healthy controls. For assessing exercise capacity and dynamic balance, timed up and go test, five times sit-to-stand test, gait speed, and 6-min walk test were performed. Romberg tests were used to evaluate static balance and proprioception, whereas Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Activity Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), and functional reach test were used to assess dynamic balance and the risk of falling...
March 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Angela Navarrete-Opazo A, Julio Alcayaga J, Oscar Sepúlveda, Gonzalo Varas
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of combined intermittent hypoxia (IH) and body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on standing and dynamic balance in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). DESIGN: Randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: "Instituto Teletón Santiago" and "Hospital Clínico Mutual de seguridad" in Santiago, Chile. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with ASIA C and D chronic iSCI (> 1 year post-injury) were randomly assigned to either IH plus BWSTT (n=18) or continued normoxia (Nx, placebo) plus BWSTT protocol (n=17)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Paddy C Dempsey, Neville Owen, Thomas E Yates, Bronwyn A Kingwell, David W Dunstan
Epidemiological evidence indicates that excessive time spent in sedentary behaviours (too much sitting) is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here, we highlight findings of experimental studies corroborating and extending the epidemiological evidence and showing the potential benefits for T2D of reducing and breaking up sitting time across the whole day. We also discuss future research opportunities and consider emerging implications for T2D prevention and management. This new evidence is stimulating an expansion of diabetes-related physical activity guidelines-suggesting that in addition to moderate-vigorous physical activity, reducing and regularly interrupting prolonged sitting time is likely to have important and varied benefits across the spectrum of diabetes risk...
November 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Yim Pui Chu, Bun Sheng, Kwok Kwong Lau, Hiu Fai Chan, Grace Yee Wai Kam, Hencher Han Chih Lee, Chloe Miu Mak
Late onset Pompe disease is a rare inherited metabolic disease with diverse clinical manifestation. However, there is a lack of local data in Hong Kong. We aimed at performing an in-depth review of natural history of all patients in Hong Kong. Eleven patients were diagnosed to have the disease in Hong Kong from 2000 to 2013. All case records were reviewed and face-to-face interviews were conducted to complete a questionnaire regarding the clinical manifestation and diagnosis of the disease. The estimated birth incidence was 1/300,000...
September 13, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Rochelle Tobin, Justine Leavy, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: Office-based staff spend around three quarters of their work day sitting. People who sit for long periods while at work are at greater risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study aimed to determine the effect of sit-stand workstations on office-based staff sedentary and physical activity behaviors, work ability and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: A two-group pre-post study design assessed changes in sedentary and physical activity behaviors (time spent sitting, standing and stepping and sit-stand transitions and number of steps taken) work ability and physical and mental health...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Monika V Patidar, Ashish Ramchandra Deshmukh, Maruti Yadav Khedkar
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common disease of the skin affecting adolescents and young adults causing psychological distress. The combination of antibiotic resistance, adverse effects of topical and systemic anti acne medications and desire for high tech approaches have all led to new enthusiasm for light based acne treatment. Intense pulse light (IPL) therapy has three modes of action in acne vulgaris i.e., photochemical, photo thermal and photo immunological. AIMS: (1) to study efficacy of IPL therapy in facial acne vulgaris...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Vincenzo Giordano, Joseph Schatzker, Mauricio Kfuri
High-energy fractures of the proximal tibia with extensive fragmentation of the posterior rim of the tibial plateau are challenging. This technique aims to describe a method on how to embrace the posterior rim of the tibial plateau by placing a horizontal precontoured one-third tubular plate wrapped around its corners. This method, which we named "hoop plating," is mainly indicated for cases of crushed juxta-articular rim fractures, aiming to restore cortical containment of the tibial plateau. Through a lateral approach with a fibular head osteotomy (Lobenhoffer approach), both anterolateral and posterolateral fragments are directly reduced and supported by a one-third tubular plate of adequate length...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Farid Foroutan, Gordon H Guyatt, Kathleen O'Brien, Eva Bain, Madeleine Stein, Sai Bhagra, Daegan Sit, Rakhshan Kamran, Yaping Chang, Tahira Devji, Hassan Mir, Veena Manja, Toni Schofield, Reed A Siemieniuk, Thomas Agoritsas, Rodrigo Bagur, Catherine M Otto, Per O Vandvik
OBJECTIVE:  To determine the frequency of survival, stroke, atrial fibrillation, structural valve deterioration, and length of hospital stay after surgical replacement of an aortic valve (SAVR) with a bioprosthetic valve in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. DATA SOURCES:  Medline, Embase, PubMed (non-Medline records only), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane CENTRAL from 2002 to June 2016...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Hiroshi Ohno, Minoru Murata, Satoshi Ozu, Nariyasu Matsuoka, Hiroshi Kawamura, Hirokazu Iida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using the Genesis II posterior stabilized prosthesis with a high-flex insert during the mid-term follow-up and to assess its effect on the Japanese lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive patients (8 men and 45 women) underwent primary TKA. The mean follow-up time was 76 months (5-9 years). Clinical results were assessed with the Japanese Orthopedic Association osteoarthritis knee rating score (JOA knee score), range of motion, and lifestyle changes...
September 24, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Rebecca Sauvagnac-Quera, Charlotte Vabre, Viviane Azzi, Stéphane Tirolien, Nathalie Leiba, Frédéric Poisson, Lotfi Miladi, Robert Carlier, Christophe Glorion, Danielle Leclair, Brigitte Estournet, Susana Quijano-Roy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of use of Garches Brace (GB) on prevention and treatment of scoliosis and its impact on quality of life, in a group of patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type Ib. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 102 patients with SMA not acquiring sitting position, but acquiring head dress (type Ib SMA) followed at our center between 1975 and 2009. We reviewed the charts and identified 25 patients that were treated by GB and had a follow-up in our department of three years or more...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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