keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sit up

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636854/cluster-randomized-crossover-trial-of-head-positioning-in-acute-stroke
#1
Craig S Anderson, Hisatomi Arima, Pablo Lavados, Laurent Billot, Maree L Hackett, Verónica V Olavarría, Paula Muñoz Venturelli, Alejandro Brunser, Bin Peng, Liying Cui, Lily Song, Kris Rogers, Sandy Middleton, Joyce Y Lim, Denise Forshaw, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Mark Woodward, Octavio Pontes-Neto, H Asita De Silva, Ruey-Tay Lin, Tsong-Hai Lee, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Gillian E Mead, Thompson Robinson, Caroline Watkins
BACKGROUND: The role of supine positioning after acute stroke in improving cerebral blood flow and the countervailing risk of aspiration pneumonia have led to variation in head positioning in clinical practice. We wanted to determine whether outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke could be improved by positioning the patient to be lying flat (i.e., fully supine with the back horizontal and the face upwards) during treatment to increase cerebral perfusion. METHODS: In a pragmatic, cluster-randomized, crossover trial conducted in nine countries, we assigned 11,093 patients with acute stroke (85% of the strokes were ischemic) to receive care in either a lying-flat position or a sitting-up position with the head elevated to at least 30 degrees, according to the randomization assignment of the hospital to which they were admitted; the designated position was initiated soon after hospital admission and was maintained for 24 hours...
June 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634926/aging-effect-on-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-variables-in-nursing-home-women-aged-80-93%C3%A2-years
#2
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
Although the total "Timed-Up-and Go" test (TUG) performance time can characterize an age-related decline of general mobility, this result alone doesn't give any detailed information about the test subtasks. The primary objective of the study was to identify in nursing home women a variable extracted from instrumented TUG (iTUG) that is the best predictor of age. The secondary objective was to assess whether this variable is associated with the results of the isometric knee extension peak torque (IKEPT); lower limb strength measured by the 30-s chair stand test (30sCST), and walking capacity measured by the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
June 20, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630574/unilateral-rolling-of-the-foot-did-not-affect-non-local-range-of-motion-or-balance
#3
Lena Grabow, James D Young, Jeannette M Byrne, Urs Granacher, David G Behm
Non-local or crossover (contralateral and non-stretched muscles) increases in range-of-motion (ROM) and balance have been reported following rolling of quadriceps, hamstrings and plantar flexors. Since there is limited information regarding plantar sole (foot) rolling effects, the objectives of this study were to determine if unilateral foot rolling would affect ipsilateral and contralateral measures of ROM and balance in young healthy adults. A randomized within-subject design was used to examine non-local effects of unilateral foot rolling on ipsilateral and contralateral limb ankle dorsiflexion ROM and a modified sit-and-reach-test (SRT)...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629991/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-subsequent-to-serious-orthopaedic-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Christina L Ekegren, Ben Beck, Rachel E D Climie, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesise the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviour following serious orthopaedic injury. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour measured objectively or via self-report among patients with serious orthopaedic injury (acute bone or soft-tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or non-elective surgery) were included...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625540/effects-of-breaking-up-sitting-on-adolescents-postprandial-glucose-after-consuming-meals-varying-in-energy-a-cross-over-randomised-trial
#5
Elly A Fletcher, Jo Salmon, Sarah A McNaughton, Liliana Orellana, Glenn D Wadley, Clinton Bruce, Paddy C Dempsey, Kathleen E Lacy, David W Dunstan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of uninterrupted sitting versus sitting with resistance-type activity breaks on adolescents' postprandial glucose responses while consuming a diet varying in energy. DESIGN: Cross-over randomised trial. METHODS: Thirteen healthy participants (16.4±1.3years) completed a four-treatment cross-over trial: (1) uninterrupted sitting+high-energy diet; (2) sitting with breaks+high-energy diet; (3) uninterrupted sitting+standard-energy diet; and (4) sitting with breaks+standard-energy diet...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606267/-comparison-of-two-kinds-of-artificial-tears-on-the-dry-eye-after-phacoemulsification
#7
R You, J Wang, Y Han, L J Liu, W Y Wang
Objective: To compare the curative effect of two different artificial tears on dry eye after phacoemulsification. Methods: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. From March to June in 2012, 102 patients (102 eyes) with age-related cataract were treated with phacoemulsification at Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, and these eyes were randomly divided into blank group (group A ) 32 cases, treatment group 1 (group B) 35 cases and treatment group 2 (group C) 35 cases. Group A was treated with conventional antibiotics...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605481/measurement-properties-of-short-lower-extremity-functional-exercise-tests-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review
#8
Kylie N Johnston, Adrian J Potter, Anna Phillips
Background: An increasing variety of short functional exercise tests are reported in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Systematic review of the psychometric properties of these exercise tests is indicated. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity and responsiveness of short (less than 6 minutes duration) lower extremity functional exercise tests in people with COPD. Data Sources: Five databases were searched: MEDLINE, EmBASE, Scopus, AMED and CINAHL...
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605306/behaviour-tracking-and-three-year-longitudinal-associations-between-physical-activity-screen-time-and-fitness-among-young-children
#9
Morgan Potter, John C Spence, Normand Boulé, Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson
PURPOSE: Understanding the correlates of children's fitness as they develop is needed. The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine the longitudinal associations between physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), and fitness, (2) determine if sex moderates associations, and (3) track PA and ST over three years. METHODS: Findings are based on 649 children (baseline: 4.5±0.5 years; follow-up: 7.8±0.6 years) from Edmonton, Canada. Parental-reported hour/week of PA and ST were measured at baseline and three years later...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598447/single-stage-management-of-concomitant-cholelithiasis-and-choledocholithiasis
#10
M R Joshi, S Rupakheti, T P Bohara, D R Singh
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis are commonly managed in two stage procedure, endoscopic management of common bile duct stone followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy in different time and setting. We perform these two procedures in same sitting in operating room set up. We evaluated the procedure in terms of outcome, feasibility and complications. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study carried out since April 2013 to August 2016 in all patients who had undergone single stage endoscopic and laparoscopic management of concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594586/differences-in-function-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-with-and-without-a-recent-distal-radius-fracture
#11
Katie L Crockett, Saija Kontulainen, Jon Farthing, Phil Chilibeck, Brenna Bath, Adam Baxter-Jones, Cathy Arnold
A distal radius fracture (DRF) is commonly the first fracture to occur in early postmenopausal women. The reasons for sustaining a DRF may be related to fall risk, bone fragility or both. The objective of this study was to compare functional and fracture risk status in postmenopausal women with and without a recent DRF and explore the relationships between function, grip strength and fracture risk status. METHODS: Seventy-seven women age 50-78 with (n=32) and without (n=45) a history of DRF in the past 2 years participated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594370/security-enhanced-push-button-configuration-for-home-smart-control
#12
Junghee Han, Taejoon Park
With the emergence of smart and converged home services, the need for the secure and easy interplay of various devices has been increased. Push Button Configuration (PBC) is one of the technologies proposed for easy set-up of a secure session between IT and consumer devices. Although the Wi-Fi Direct specification explicitly states that all devices must support the PBC method, its applicability is very limited. This is because the security vulnerability of PBC can be maliciously exploited so that attackers can make illegitimate sessions with consumer devices...
June 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589705/functional-capacity-and-obesity-reflect-the-cognitive-performance-of-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-facilities
#13
Karine Gonçalves Damascena, Cristiane Batisti Ferreira, Pâmela Dos Santos Teixeira, Bibiano Madrid, Alexandre Gonçalves, Cláudio Córdova, Otávio de Toledo Nóbrega, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira
BACKGROUND: With the increase in life expectancy, the elderly Brazilian population has grown considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. We analyzed the relationship among cognitive performance, anthropometry, and functional capacity in institutionalized elderly individuals. METHODS: In a sample of 38 older adults (20 men, 18 women) aged 73...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588897/a-physical-fitness-profile-of-state-highway-patrol-officers-by-gender-and-age
#14
J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Richard R Flores, Robert G Lockie, Charlie Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population. METHODS: Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579089/muscle-strength-and-force-development-in-high-and-low-functioning-elderly-men-influence-of-muscular-and-neural-factors
#15
Charlotte H Pion, Sébastien Barbat-Artigas, Félix St-Jean-Pelletier, Stéphanie Chevalier, Pierrette Gaudreau, Gilles Gouspillou, José A Morais, Marc Bélanger, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: Aging leads to a loss of muscle strength and functional capacity likely resulting from a combination of neural and muscle alterations. The aim of this study was to identify possible disparities in muscle strength and force development profiles in high- and low-functioning elderly men and to investigate muscular and neurophysiological factors that could explain the differences. METHODS: Sixty community-dwelling men in good general health were divided in two groups based on a functional capacity (FC) z-score derived from 6 tests of the Short Physical Performance Battery and Senior Fitness Test (Normal and fast 4m-walk tests, normal and fast Timed-up and go, chair and stair tests)...
June 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572078/the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-kinematics-and-joint-coordination-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-hip-during-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-coscious-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled
#16
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Holakoo Mohsenifar, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is among the most prevalent health problems. Lumbar spine and hips kinematics and coordination can be affected in CNLBP. The effects of exercises on the kinematics and coordination of lumbar spine and hips during sit-to-stand (STS) and its reverse have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of core stabilization exercise on the kinematics and joint coordination of the lumbar spine and hip during STS and its reverse in CNLBP patients...
June 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571920/mobile-bearing-medial-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-whose-lifestyles-involve-high-degrees-of-knee-flexion-a-10-14year-follow-up-study
#17
Won Sik Choy, Kwang Won Lee, Ha Yong Kim, Kap Jung Kim, Young Sub Chun, Dae Suk Yang
BACKGROUND: Because Asian populations have different lifestyles, such as squatting and sitting on the floor, from those of Western populations, it is possible that the clinical results and survival rate of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for Asian patients may be different. This study described outcomes of mobile bearing medial UKA for Korean patients. METHODS: A total of the 164 knees treated with mobile bearing UKAs in 147 patients (14 males and 133 females) were reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558835/a-muscle-driven-approach-to-restore-stepping-with-an-exoskeleton-for-individuals-with-paraplegia
#18
Sarah R Chang, Mark J Nandor, Lu Li, Rudi Kobetic, Kevin M Foglyano, John R Schnellenberger, Musa L Audu, Gilles Pinault, Roger D Quinn, Ronald J Triolo
BACKGROUND: Functional neuromuscular stimulation, lower limb orthosis, powered lower limb exoskeleton, and hybrid neuroprosthesis (HNP) technologies can restore stepping in individuals with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury (SCI). However, a self-contained muscle-driven controllable exoskeleton approach based on an implanted neural stimulator to restore walking has not been previously demonstrated, which could potentially result in system use outside the laboratory and viable for long term use or clinical testing...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558781/reducing-occupational-sitting-workers-perspectives-on-participation-in-a-multi-component-intervention
#19
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Lisa Willenberg, Anthony D LaMontagne, Keti Malkoski, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy, Marj Moodie, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Sheleigh P Lawler
BACKGROUND: Office workers spend much of their time sitting, which is now understood to be a risk factor for several chronic diseases. This qualitative study examined participants' perspectives following their involvement in a cluster randomised controlled trial of a multi-component intervention targeting prolonged workplace sitting (Stand Up Victoria). The intervention incorporated a sit-stand workstation, individual health coaching and organisational support strategies. The aim of the study was to explore the acceptability of the intervention, barriers and facilitators to reducing workplace sitting, and perceived effects of the intervention on workplace culture, productivity and health-related outcomes...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553675/activityaware-an-app-for-real-time-daily-activity-level-monitoring-on-the-amulet-wrist-worn-device
#20
George Boateng, John A Batsis, Ryan Halter, David Kotz
Physical activity helps reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension and obesity. The ability to monitor a person's daily activity level can inform self-management of physical activity and related interventions. For older adults with obesity, the importance of regular, physical activity is critical to reduce the risk of long-term disability. In this work, we present ActivityAware, an application on the Amulet wrist-worn device that measures daily activity levels (sedentary, moderate and vigorous) of individuals, continuously and in real-time...
March 2017: Proc IEEE Int Conf Pervasive Comput Commun Workshops
keyword
keyword
24953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"