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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146660/changing-physical-activity-behaviour-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-istep-ms
#2
Jennifer M Ryan, Jennifer Fortune, Andrea Stennett, Cherry Kilbride, Nana Anokye, Christina Victor, Wendy Hendrie, Mohamed Abdul, Lorraine DeSouza, Grace Lavelle, Debbie Brewin, Lee David, Meriel Norris
INTRODUCTION: Although physical activity may reduce disease burden, fatigue and disability, and improve quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS are physically inactive and spend significant time in sedentary behaviour. Behaviour change interventions may assist people with MS to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. However, few studies have investigated their effectiveness using objective measures of physical activity, particularly in the long term...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145253/anterior-endoscopically-assisted-bone-grafting-for-iatrogenic-distraction-of-odontoid-fracture-after-percutaneous-anterior-screw-fixation-a-case-report
#3
Ze-Xin Chen, Hui Zhang, Nai-Feng Tian, Xiang-Yang Wang, Yan Lin, Yao-Sen Wu
RATIONALE: The complication of iatrogenic distraction of odontoid fracture after anterior screw fixation has not been reported in the literature. We treated the patient with endoscopically assisted bone grafting with good results. The new technique was not reported in the management of odontoid fracture or nonunion before. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-year-old man presented with neck pain after a motorcycle crash. The cervical spine radiograph and computed tomographic scan demonstrated the base of dens displaced 2 mm anteriorly...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136031/quantification-of-the-sit-to-stand-movement-for-monitoring-age-related-motor-deterioration-using-the-nintendo-wii-balance-board
#4
Go Yamako, Etsuo Chosa, Koji Totoribe, Yuu Fukao, Gang Deng
Simple methods for quantitative evaluations of individual motor performance are crucial for the early detection of motor deterioration. Sit-to-stand movement from a chair is a mechanically demanding component of activities of daily living. Here, we developed a novel method using the ground reaction force and center of pressure measured from the Nintendo Wii Balance Board to quantify sit-to-stand movement (sit-to-stand score) and investigated the age-related change in the sit-to-stand score as a method to evaluate reduction in motor performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#5
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133644/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-an-emerging-entity-for-cluster-endophthalmitis
#6
Sarita Beri, Anurag Shandil, Rajiv Garg
PURPOSE: This was a study of acute cluster endophthalmitis along with clinical features, culture results, and visual outcomes of 10 eyes of 10 patients after intravitreal injection of Avastin (bevacizumab) in one sitting from a single vial. METHODS: Retrospective review of intravitreal injection of 1.25 mg/0.05 ml bevacizumab that was given to 10 eyes of 10 patients on the same day from a freshly opened vial. All patients manifested with endophthalmitis the next day...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128417/exercise-more-or-sit-less-a-randomized-trial-assessing-the-feasibility-of-two-advice-based-interventions-in-obese-inactive-adults
#7
Kristian Overgaard, Kirstine Nannerup, Mette Kirstine Birk Lunen, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Ryan G Larsen
OBJECTIVES: The risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease may be reduced by a healthy pattern of daily physical activity. We investigated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of advice-based interventions aiming at either increasing moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) or reducing sedentary time (ST) in obese volunteers. DESIGN: Randomized non-blinded two-armed trial. METHOD: Inactive, obese adults were randomly assigned to reduce sedentary behavior (SitLess) (n=30) or increase MVPA (ExMore) (n=29) for 4 weeks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122808/study-design-and-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-and-break-up-sitting-time-in-primary-school-classrooms-in-the-uk-the-class-pal-physically-active-learning-programme
#8
Ash C Routen, Stuart J H Biddle, Danielle H Bodicoat, Lorraine Cale, Stacy Clemes, Charlotte L Edwardson, Cris Glazebrook, Deirdre M Harrington, Kamlesh Khunti, Natalie Pearson, Jo Salmon, Lauren B Sherar
INTRODUCTION: Children engage in a high volume of sitting in school, particularly in the classroom. A number of strategies, such as physically active lessons (termed movement integration (MI)), have been developed to integrate physical activity into this learning environment; however, no single approach is likely to meet the needs of all pupils and teachers. This protocol outlines an implementation study of a primary school-based MI intervention: CLASS PAL (Physically Active Learning) programme...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120983/assessing-differences-in-anthropometric-and-fitness-characteristics-between-police-academy-cadets-and-incumbent-officers
#9
Robin Orr, J Jay Dawes, Rodney Pope, Joseph Terry
The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117072/workplace-strategies-to-prevent-sitting-induced-endothelial-dysfunction
#10
Nicholas T Kruse, William E Hughes, Roberto M Benzo, Lucas J Carr, Darren P Casey
Prolonged sitting induces endothelial dysfunction in healthy young adults which has been demonstrated to be offset by intermittent fidgeting and standing. No information exists on the impact of sitting and endothelial dysfunction in sedentary middle-aged adults, and whether common workplace counter-interventions (i.e. desk-standing/desk-pedaling) mitigate sitting-induced endothelial dysfunction. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine whether breaking up prolonged sitting with intermittent standing or under-desk pedaling prevents sitting-induced popliteal artery endothelial dysfunction in middle-aged sedentary, overweight/obese office workers...
November 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116326/performance-comparison-of-single-radius-versus-multiple-curve-femoral-component-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-study-using-the-lower-quarter-y-balance-test
#11
Samuel S Wellman, Mitchell R Klement, Robin M Queen
Midflexion stability after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is dependent, in part, on implant design. Midflexion performance of a single-radius (SR) design and a multi-radius, or J-curve (JC), design were compared using the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ). Patient-reported outcomes and measures of physical performance were also compared. The authors hypothesized that the SR design would provide superior midflexion stability and, therefore, a greater reach distance in the YBT-LQ when compared with the JC design...
November 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104725/effect-of-multicomponent-training-on-blood-pressure-nitric-oxide-redox-status-and-physical-fitness-in-older-adult-women-influence-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-nos3-haplotypes
#12
Atila Alexandre Trapé, Elisangela Aparecida da Silva Lizzi, Thiago Correa Porto Gonçalves, Jhennyfer Aline Lima Rodrigues, Simone Sakagute Tavares, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Graziele Cristina Ferreira, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Paula Payão Ovídio, Alceu Afonso Jordão, André Mourão Jacomini, Anderson Saranz Zago, Carlos Roberto Bueno Júnior
The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of the genotype or haplotype (interaction) of the NOS3 polymorphisms [-786T>C, 894G>T (Glu298Asp), and intron 4b/a] on the response to multicomponent training (various capacities and motor skills) on blood pressure (BP), nitrite concentration, redox status, and physical fitness in older adult women. The sample consisted of 52 participants, who underwent body mass index and BP assessments. Physical fitness was evaluated by six-minute walk, elbow flexion, and sit and stand up tests...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102855/five-times-sit-to-stand-test-in-subjects-with-total-knee-replacement-reliability-and-relationship-with-functional-mobility-tests
#13
Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Iván Vivo-Fernández, Juan López-Cañizares, José A García-Vidal, Josep Carles Benítez-Martínez, María Elena Del Baño-Aledo
The objective was to determine the inter-observer and test/retest reliability of the "Five-repetition sit-to-stand" (5STS) test in patients with total knee replacement (TKR). To explore correlation between 5STS and two mobility tests. A reliability study was conducted among 24 (mean age 72.13, S.D. 10.67; 50% were women) outpatients with TKR. They were recruited from a traumatology unit of a public hospital via convenience sampling. A physiotherapist and trauma physician assessed each patient at the same time...
October 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095771/the-3-m-backwards-walk-and-retrospective-falls-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-novel-clinical-measure
#14
Valerie Carter, Tarang Jain, Jodi James, Mark Cornwall, Anne Aldrich, Hendrik D de Heer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several measures of fall risk have been previously developed and include forward walking, turning, and stepping motions. However, recent research has demonstrated that backwards walking is more sensitive at identifying age-related changes in mobility and balance compared with forward walking. No clinical test of backwards walking currently exists. Therefore, this article describes a novel clinical test of backwards walking, the 3-m backwards walk (3MBW), and assessed whether it was associated with 1-year retrospective falls in a population of healthy older adults...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094238/computational-wear-assessment-of-hard-on-hard-hip-implants-subject-to-physically-demanding-tasks
#15
R Nithyaprakash, S Shankar, M S Uddin
Hip implants subject to gait loading due to occupational activities are potentially prone to failures such as osteolysis and aseptic loosening, causing painful revision surgeries. Highly risky gait activities such as carrying a load, stairs up or down and ladder up or down may cause excessive loading at the hip joint, resulting in generation of wear and related debris. Estimation of wear under the above gait activities is thus crucial to design and develop a new and improved implant component. With this motivation, this paper presents an assessment of wear generation of PCD-on-PCD (poly crystalline diamond) hip implants using finite element (FE) analysis...
November 2, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092649/evaluation-of-the-keeogo%C3%A2-dermoskeleton
#16
Jonathan C Mcleod, Susie Jm Ward, Audrey L Hicks
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the specific functional characteristics of individuals with neurological impairments that may predict successful use of Keeogo™ dermoskeleton and (2) to quantify the specific benefit Keeogo™ provides to a regular user of the device. METHODS: Thirteen individuals (seven males; six females; 52 ± 4.6 years old) with mobility impairments due to neurological disease or injury were recruited. Berg Balance Sale (BBS) score and Timed Up and Go (TUG) performance were used to identify baseline characteristics in participants...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#17
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089683/ganglion-impar-block-in-patients-with-chronic-coccydynia
#18
Nitesh Gonnade, Neeraj Mehta, Pushpinder Singh Khera, Dewesh Kumar, Rengarajan Rajagopal, Pramod Kumar Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Coccydynia refers to pain in the terminal segment of the spinecaused by abnormal sitting and standing posture. Coccydynia is usually managed conservatively, however in nonresponsive patients, ganglion impar block is used as a good alternate modality for pain relief. This article studies the effect of ganglion impar block in coccydynia patients who were not relieved by conservative management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the pain clinic in the departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Radiology in a tertiary centre in India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084022/glittre-adl-multiple-tasks-induce-similar-dynamic-hyperinflation-with-different-metabolic-and-ventilatory-demands-in-patients-with-copd
#19
Aline Almeida Gulart, Anelise Bauer Munari, Caroline Tressoldi, Karoliny Dos Santos, Manuela Karloh, Anamaria Fleig Mayer
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study compared the physiological responses and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) of the Glittre-ADL test (TGlittre) and its specific tasks in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Thirty patients with COPD performed the TGlittre. The individual tasks included stand up and sit down (TSS); climb up and down stairs (TSTAIRS); walk on a flat surface (TWALK); and move objects onto and off a shelf (TSHELF). While performing these tasks, the physiological responses were evaluated and inspiratory capacity measured before and immediately after the tests...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081985/feasibility-of-a-real-time-self-monitoring-device-for-sitting-less-and-moving-more-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Anne Martin, Jacob M Adams, Christopher Bunn, Jason M R Gill, Cindy M Gray, Kate Hunt, Douglas J Maxwell, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie
OBJECTIVES: Time spent inactive and sedentary are both associated with poor health. Self-monitoring of walking, using pedometers for real-time feedback, is effective at increasing physical activity. This study evaluated the feasibility of a new pocket-worn sedentary time and physical activity real-time self-monitoring device (SitFIT). METHODS: Forty sedentary men were equally randomised into two intervention groups. For 4 weeks, one group received a SitFIT providing feedback on steps and time spent sedentary (lying/sitting); the other group received a SitFIT providing feedback on steps and time spent upright (standing/stepping)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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