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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441748/convergent-validity-of-a-wearable-sensor-system-for-measuring-sub-task-performance-during-the-timed-up-and-go-test
#1
James Beyea, Chris A McGibbon, Andrew Sexton, Jeremy Noble, Colleen O'Connell
BACKGROUND: The timed-up-and-go test (TUG) is one of the most commonly used tests of physical function in clinical practice and for research outcomes. Inertial sensors have been used to parse the TUG test into its composite phases (rising, walking, turning, etc.), but have not validated this approach against an optoelectronic gold-standard, and to our knowledge no studies have published the minimal detectable change of these measurements. METHODS: Eleven adults performed the TUG three times each under normal and slow walking conditions, and 3 m and 5 m walking distances, in a 12-camera motion analysis laboratory...
April 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441311/feasibility-and-outcome-of-an-accelerated-recovery-protocol-in-asian-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#2
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Shweh Fern Loo, Jun Yin Ong, Kulathunga Arachchige Lisitha, M Shahnaz Hasan, Chee Kean Lee, Chee Kidd Chiu, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the feasibility of an accelerated recovery protocol for Asian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been successful implementation of an accelerated recovery protocol for AIS patients undergoing PSF in the western population. No similar studies have been reported in the Asian population. METHODS: 74 AIS (65F, 9 M) patients scheduled for PSF surgery were recruited...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437334/a-new-fixation-technique-for-french-door-cervical-laminoplasty-surgical-results-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-6-years
#3
Nanjundappa S Harshavardhana, Harshad V Dabke, Hossein Mehdian
DESIGN: A case series of 5 patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy treated by French-door cervical laminoplasty (FDCL) and use of unicortical iliac crest graft as spacer fixed with titanium miniplates and screws is described. OBJECTIVE: To report a minimum of 6-year follow-up results of our new plate-screw fixation technique for FDCL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hardware-assisted laminoplasty has the potential advantage of preventing restenosis by holding the laminar door "open" while healing progresses and also prevents spacer dislodgement...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428160/simulated-conversations-with-virtual-humans-to-improve-patient-provider-communication-and-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-a-repeated-measure-pilot-study
#4
Antoinette Schoenthaler, Glenn Albright, Judith Hibbard, Ron Goldman
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence that antibiotics do not cure viral infections, the problem of unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics in ambulatory care persists, and in some cases, prescribing patterns have increased. The overuse of antibiotics for treating viral infections has created numerous economic and clinical consequences including increased medical costs due to unnecessary hospitalizations, antibiotic resistance, disruption of gut bacteria, and obesity. Recent research has underscored the importance of collaborative patient-provider communication as a means to reduce the high rates of unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422556/the-acute-effects-of-breaking-up-seated-office-work-with-standing-or-light-intensity-walking-on-interstitial-glucose-concentration-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#5
Laura A Brocklebank, Rob C Andrews, Angie Page, Catherine L Falconer, Sam Leary, Ashley Cooper
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomised, three-period, three-treatment crossover trial was to examine the acute effects of regularly breaking up seated office work with short bouts of standing or light-intensity walking on postprandial interstitial glucose concentration. METHODS: Seventeen middle-aged office workers performed three five-hour trial conditions at their workplace in a random order: 1) uninterrupted sitting; 2) sitting interrupted by two minutes of standing every 20 minutes; and 3) sitting interrupted by two minutes of light-intensity walking every 20 minutes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421384/the-efficacy-of-guolin-qigong-on-the-body-mind-health-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Pei Liu, Jieshu You, Wing T Y Loo, Youzhi Sun, Yanhua He, Huiping Sit, Lei Jia, Meikuen Wong, Zhiyu Xia, Xiao Zheng, Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Lixing Lao, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary Chinese treatment modality Guolin-Qigong (GLQG) for patients with breast cancer on the body-mind health. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 158 women with breast cancer. Subjects were randomized to receive GLQG (test group) versus a physical stretching program (control group) following conventional treatment for breast cancer. GLQG and stretching interventions were performed twice a week over 24 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420562/progression-of-untreated-mild-thoracic-scheuermann-s-kyphosis%C3%A2-%C3%A2-radiographic-and-functional-assessment-after-mean-follow-up-of-46%C3%A2-years
#7
Leena Ristolainen, Jyrki A Kettunen, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Dietrich Schlenzka
BACKGROUND: There is no data available on the radiographic development of the Scheuermann's deformity. Our purpose was to investigate radiographic deformity progression and the relation between kyphosis progression and clinical outcome in patients with untreated Scheuermann's kyphosis. METHODS: Thoracic kyphosis (Th4-Th12) was measured from standing lateral radiographs in 19 patients at baseline and after mean 46-year follow-up. Mean age at baseline was 19.2 and at follow-up 64...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416827/-comparison-of-the-effects-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-via-direct-anterior-approach-and-posterolateral-piriformis-sparing-approach
#8
J Xu, W D Zhuang, X W Li, G Y Yu, Y Lin, F Q Luo, Y H Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterolateral piriformis-sparing approach (Mis-PLA) for minimally invasive surgery of total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: The patients who had total hip arthroplasty from March 2015 to February 2016 were randomly divided into 2 groups: DAA group and Mis-PLA group. In the study, 43 patients (45 hips) were performed with total hip replacement via the direct anterior approach (DAA group)...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415993/moving-to-business-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-after-multilevel-intervention-in-small-and-medium-size-workplaces
#9
Minna Aittasalo, Matleena Livson, Sirpa Lusa, Ahti Romo, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Kari Tokola, Harri Sievänen, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) promotes and excessive sedentary behavior (SB) deteriorates health. Yet the Finnish working-aged population spends most of the day sitting. A 1-year Moving To Business (MTB) -intervention supported small and medium-size workplaces to combat sedentariness. This paper reports the changes in employees' PA and SB from before MTB (baseline) to 1 year after baseline (follow-up). METHODS: Twelve workplaces with a total of 396 employees participated...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412529/vertical-string-pulling-in-green-jays-cyanocorax-yncas
#10
Héctor Marín Manrique, Adriano-Bruno Chaves Molina, Sandra Posada, Montserrat Colell
The cognition of green jays (Cyanocorax yncas), a non Corvus corvid species, was investigated by using the string-pulling paradigm. Five adult green jays performed a vertical string-pulling task in which they had to retrieve a worm attached to the end of a vertical hanging string while sitting on their perch. In the first experiment, three of the subjects managed to retrieve the worm by pulling on the string with their beaks and stepping on the resulting loop, and thereafter repeating this sequence until the worm was accessible...
April 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412068/vitreous-amyloidosis-ocular-systemic-and-genetic-insights
#11
Pradeep Venkatesh, Harathy Selvan, Sundararajan Baskar Singh, Divya Gupta, Seema Kashyap, Shreyas Temkar, Varun Gogia, Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal Vohra
PURPOSE: To report the unique clinical and surgical characteristics encountered in eyes with vitreous amyloidosis. Systemic evaluation and visual outcome after vitrectomy are discussed. A novel mutation in the transthyretin gene (TTR) in Indian patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is described. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Ten eyes of 5 patients from 2 pedigrees with a diagnosis of vitreous amyloidosis...
April 12, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411727/evaluation-of-the-indonesian-national-standard-for-elementary-school-furniture-based-on-children-s-anthropometry
#12
Yanto, Chih-Wei Lu, Jun-Ming Lu
In Indonesia, National Standardization Agency of Indonesia issued the Indonesian National Standard SNI 12-1015-1989 and SNI 12-1016-1989 to define the type of furniture dimensions that should be used by children in the elementary school level. This study aims to examine whether the current national standards for elementary school furniture dimensions issued by National Standardization Agency of Indonesia match the up-to-date Indonesian children's anthropometry. Two types of school furniture, small type (Type I, for grade 1-3) and large type (Type II, for grade 4-6), were evaluated in terms of seat height, seat depth, seat width and backrest height of a chair as well as the height and underneath height of a desk...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403602/nonabsorbable-polymer-clip-as-a-cause-of-chronic-perineal-pain-after-radical-prostatectomy-description-of-a-case-treated-by-transperineal-approach
#13
Massimiliano Creta, Sergio Di Meo, Roberto Buonopane, Bernardo Rocco, Vittorio Imperatore
The occurrence of persistent perineal pain caused by surgical clips has rarely been described after radical prostatectomy (RP). We describe the case of a patient complaining of chronic perineal pain occurred soon after robotic RP, refractory to conventional medical therapy and exacerbated by the sitting position. Pain was related to a nonabsorbable polymer clip used to secure lateral pedicles. A transpeerineal approach was used to perform an hydrodissection of the rectovesical space at the level of the surgical clip combined with local injection of mepivacaine and betametasone...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399582/-german-national-physical-activity-recommendations-for-adults-and-older-adults-methods-database-and-rationale
#14
Eszter Füzéki, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
National physical activity recommendations are regarded as crucial elements of comprehensive physical activity promotion strategies. To date, Germany has no such national physical activity recommendations. The aim of this study was to provide physical activity recommendations based on a comprehensive summary of scientific evidence on the relationships between physical activity and a range of health outcomes in adults and older adults. The recommendations were developed in a 3-phase process (systematic literature review, development and use of quality criteria, synthesis of content) based on already existing high-quality guidelines...
March 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393028/analysis-of-corneal-morphologic-and-pathologic-changes-in-early-stage-congenital-aniridic-keratopathy
#15
Juan Du, Rong-Qiang Liu, Lei Ye, Zhi-Hui Li, Feng-Tu Zhao, Nan Jiang, Lin-Hong Ye, Yi Shao
AIM: To determine typical corneal changes of congenital aniridic keratopathy (CAK) using corneal topography and confocal systems, and to identify characteristics that might assist in early diagnosis. METHODS: Patients with CAK and healthy control subjects underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations including axial length, corneal thickness, tear film condition, corneal topography, and laser-scanning in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). RESULTS: In early stage aniridic keratopathy, Schirmer I test (SIT), break-up time (BUT), mean keratometry (mean K) and simulated keratometry (sim K) were reduced relative to controls (P<0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392324/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-timed-up-and-go-motor-test-for-people-with-chronic-stroke
#16
Peggy P K Chan, Joyce I F Si Tou, Mimi M Y Tse, Shamay S M Ng
OBJECTIVES: To examine: (1) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of the timed up and go (motor) test (TUGmotor) in terms of the number of steps taken and completion time with a chronic stroke population; (2) the relationship between stroke-specific impairments and the number of steps taken in the test and the completion time; (3) the minimal detectable change in TUGmotor times; and (4) the cut-off time which best discriminates the performance of people with stroke from that of healthy older adults...
April 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391489/research-into-the-health-benefits-of-sprint-interval-training-should-focus-on-protocols-with-fewer-and-shorter-sprints
#17
Niels B J Vollaard, Richard S Metcalfe
Over the past decade, it has been convincingly shown that regularly performing repeated brief supramaximal cycle sprints (sprint interval training [SIT]) is associated with aerobic adaptations and health benefits similar to or greater than with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). SIT is often promoted as a time-efficient exercise strategy, but the most commonly studied SIT protocol (4-6 repeated 30-s Wingate sprints with 4 min recovery, here referred to as 'classic' SIT) takes up to approximately 30 min per session...
April 8, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390607/endoscopic-middle-ear-exploration-in-pediatric-patients-with-conductive-hearing-loss
#18
John M Carter, Stephen R Hoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe our indications, findings, and outcomes for transcanal endoscopic middle ear exploration in pediatric patients with conductive hearing loss of unknown etiology, without effusions. METHODS: Prospective case series for all pediatric patients undergoing totally endoscopic transcanal middle ear exploration between April 2012 and October 2015 at a pediatric tertiary care referral hospital. Demographic data, operative findings, and hearing results were reviewed...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388939/auto-detection-and-segmentation-of-daily-living-activities-during-a-timed-up-and-go-task-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-using-multiple-inertial-sensors
#19
Hung Nguyen, Karina Lebel, Patrick Boissy, Sarah Bogard, Etienne Goubault, Christian Duval
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors have the potential to provide clinicians with access to motor performance of people with movement disorder as they undergo intervention. However, sensor data often have to be manually classified and segmented before they can be processed into clinical metrics. This process can be time consuming. We recently proposed detection and segmentation algorithms based on peak detection using Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) to automatically identify and isolate common activities during daily living such as standing up, walking, turning, and sitting down...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387658/do-turkish-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-know-body-mechanics
#20
Sacide Yildizeli Topcu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Most common and important cause of the low back pain is lumbar disc herniation. Patients with lumbar disc herniation face with difficulties during daily activities due to the reduction of physical functions. In order to maintain daily activities without pain and discomfort, the patients should be informed about proper positions and body mechanics. The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and the applications of the patients with lumbar disc herniation about body mechanics...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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