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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315666/feasibility-and-safety-of-a-powered-exoskeleton-for-assisted-walking-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-single-group-preliminary-study
#1
Allan J Kozlowski, Michelle Fabian, Dipan Lad, Andrew Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility, safety, and secondary benefit potential of exoskeleton-assisted walking with one device for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) DESIGN: Single-group longitudinal preliminary study with 8-week baseline, 8-week intervention, and 4-week follow-up. SETTING: Outpatient MS clinic at tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The 13 participants were mostly female who ranged in age from 38-62 years and on Expanded Disability Status Scale scores from 5...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306702/self-management-program-for-heart-healthy-behavior-among-middle-and-old-aged-korean-women-at-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Nah-Mee Shin, JiWon Choi, InHae Cho, Byung-Jun Park
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increasing among Koreans, and middle-aged and older women are at risk of metabolic syndrome. Effective strategies to promote lifestyle modification need to be developed. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of a self-management program on improving the cardiovascular health status and promoting healthy behaviors among overweight or obese Korean women at risk of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A pretest and posttest intervention design was used...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287564/feeding-experimentation-device-fed-construction-and-validation-of-an-open-source-device-for-measuring-food-intake-in-rodents
#3
Katrina P Nguyen, Mohamed A Ali, Timothy J O'Neal, Ilona Szczot, Julia A Licholai, Alexxai V Kravitz
Food intake measurements are essential for many research studies. Here, we provide a detailed description of a novel solution for measuring food intake in mice: the Feeding Experimentation Device (FED). FED is an open-source system that was designed to facilitate flexibility in food intake studies. Due to its compact and battery powered design, FED can be placed within standard home cages or other experimental equipment. Food intake measurements can also be synchronized with other equipment in real-time via FED's transistor-transistor logic (TTL) digital output, or in post-acquisition processing as FED timestamps every event with a real-time clock...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287446/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-sleep-by-work-type-and-pattern-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#4
Bronwyn K Clark, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Mitch J Duncan, Wendy Brown
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31-36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59-64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286988/exercise-and-nutritional-approaches-to-prevent-frail-bones-falls-and-fractures-an-update
#5
R M Daly
Osteoporosis (low bone strength) and sarcopenia (low muscle mass, strength and/or impaired function) often co-exist (hence the term 'sarco-osteoporosis') and have similar health consequences with regard to disability, falls, frailty and fractures. Exercise and adequate nutrition, particularly with regard to vitamin D, calcium and protein, are key lifestyle approaches that can simultaneously optimize bone, muscle and functional outcomes in older people, if they are individually tailored and appropriately prescribed in terms of the type and dose...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286698/-i-aedes-aegypti-i-control-through-modernized-integrated-vector-management
#6
Laith Yakob, Sebastian Funk, Anton Camacho, Oliver Brady, W John Edmunds
INTRODUCTION: In the context of the ongoing, unprecedented Zika virus outbreak in the Americas, the World Health Organization has expressed its support for developing and up-scaling three novel approaches to controlling the Aedes aegypti mosquito: the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), the Release of Insects carrying Dominant Lethal genes (RIDL) and the release of Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes. Whereas the former two approaches are temporary insect population suppression strategies, Wolbachia infection is a self-sustaining, invasive strategy that uses inherited endosymbiotic bacteria to render natural mosquito populations arbovirus resistant...
January 30, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285012/two-stage-treatment-of-ischial-pressure-ulcers-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-technique-and-outcomes-over-8-years
#7
Sumanas W Jordan, Mauricio De la Garza, Victor L Lewis
BACKGROUND: Despite newly introduced techniques, reconstruction of ischial pressure ulcers remains a difficult problem with high-reported failure rates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all spinal cord injury patients who underwent ischial pressure ulcer reconstruction by the senior author (V.L.) between 2004 and 2012. The two-stage procedure consisted of debridement and bone biopsy, followed by bursectomy, partial ischiectomy, fascial release, and gluteus maximus and hamstring advancement flaps...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282846/the-effect-of-a-wearable-device-prompting-high-school-students-aged-17-18-years-to-break-up-periods-of-prolonged-sitting-in-class
#8
Hanna A Frank, Karen Jacobs, Hugh McLoone
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, evidence shows that prolonged sedentary behavior factors into the health equation on its own, unrelated to weight and periods of intense exercise. In schools, students are required to sit for long periods of time. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether reminders (via a wearable device) to change posture, change students' behavior and impacts their subjective wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: Ten students of ages 17 to 18 years at a public high school in Bellevue, Washington, USA...
March 4, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280382/retention-of-finger-blood-flow-against-postural-change-as-an-indicator-of-successful-sympathetic-block-in-the-upper-limb
#9
Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Ichiro Sutou, Yoji Saito
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic block in the upper limb has diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic utility for disorders in the upper extremity that are associated with sympathetic disturbances. Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb after stellate ganglion block (SGB). Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow by causing sympathetic vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that sympathetic block in the upper limb reduces the decrease in finger blood flow caused by baroreflexes stimulated by postural change from the supine to long sitting position...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279568/the-impact-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-on-overall-gait-pattern-deviations-and-its-association-with-performance-based-measures-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#10
Josefine E Naili, Anna-Clara Esbjörnsson, Maura D Iversen, Michael H Schwartz, Margareta Hedström, Charlotte K Häger, Eva W Broström
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists regarding the impact of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) on the overall gait pattern; and whether gait deviations are associated with performance-based measures (PBMs) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). This cross-sectional study evaluated overall gait patterns in patients with knee OA using the Gait Deviation Index for kinematics (GDI) and kinetics (GDI-kinetic), and explored associations between gait deviations, PBMs, and PROs. METHODS: Forty patients with knee OA and 25 age and gender-matched controls underwent three-dimensional gait analysis...
March 6, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276756/prevalence-of-dry-eye-in-uyghur-and-han-ethnic-groups-in-western-china
#11
Ying-Ying Gong, Fan Zhang, Jin Zhou, Jing Li, Guang-Hui Zhang, Jun-Liang Wang, Zhen-Sheng Gu
PURPOSE: To describe and compare the prevalence and characteristics of dry eye among Han and Uyghur persons living in Kashi, the most inland city of China. METHODS: A total of 1015 residents of Kashi participated in this 2013 cross-sectional study. To evaluate clinical characteristics, each subject completed (1) a dry-eye questionnaire detailing symptoms of dry eye, (2) Schirmer's I-test (SIT), (3) tear-film break-up time (BUT) test, and fluorescein staining of the cornea...
February 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272649/associations-of-objectively-measured-sitting-and-standing-with-low-back-pain-intensity-a-6-month-follow-up-of-construction-and-healthcare-workers
#12
Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Stein Knardahl, Kaj Bo Veiersted
Objectives This study aimed to determine the associations between objectively measured sitting and standing duration and intensity of low-back pain (LBP) among Norwegian construction and healthcare workers. Methods One-hundred and twenty-four workers wore two accelerometers for 3-4 consecutive days, during work and leisure. Minutes of sitting and standing was calculated from accelerometer data. We obtained self-reported LBP intensity (0-3) at the time of objective measurement and after six months. We examined associations with linear mixed models and presented results per 100 minutes...
March 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272267/targeting-reductions-in-sitting-time-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-health
#13
Sarah K Keadle, David E Conroy, Matthew P Buman, David W Dunstan, Charles E Matthews
New evidence suggests that reductions in sedentary behavior may increase physical activity and improve health. These findings point to new behavioral targets for intervention and new ways to think about intervening to increase overall physical activity in the population. This report provides a knowledge update reflecting the rapid accumulation of new evidence related to sedentary behavior and health among adults. Recent observational studies suggest that leveraging the time-inverse relationship between sedentary and active behaviors by replacing sitting with standing, light or moderate-intensity activity can have important health benefits, particularly among less active adults...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270714/lifestyle-changes-after-a-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
Shanley Chong, Ding Ding, Roy Byun, Elizabeth Comino, Adrian Bauman, Bin Jalaludin
OBJECTIVE: Whether patients with type 2 diabetes change their lifestyle in response to their diagnosis and maintain behavior changes is unclear. This study aimed to 1) compare changes in lifestyle behaviors among participants who were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and those never diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and 2) investigate changes in lifestyle behaviors in relation to the duration of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used self-reported information from the New South Wales 45 and Up Study and a follow-up study...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270544/sedentary-behavior-is-an-independent-predictor-of-mortality-in-subjects-with-copd
#15
Karina C Furlanetto, Leila Donária, Lorena P Schneider, José R Lopes, Marcos Ribeiro, Karen B P Fernandes, Nidia A Hernandes, Fabio Pitta
BACKGROUND: The terms sedentary behavior and physical inactivity have been confusingly mixed. Although the association between physical inactivity and mortality has been shown previously in subjects with COPD, this association had not yet been investigated with regard to sedentarism. The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of sedentary behavior on mortality of subjects with COPD and to propose a cutoff point of sedentarism with prognostic value. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, sedentary behavior was assessed with 2 activity monitors (DynaPort and Sensewear armband) in 101 subjects with COPD from 2006 to 2011...
March 7, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269706/a-stimulation-driven-exoskeleton-for-walking-after-paraplegia
#16
Sarah R Chang, Mark J Nandor, Lu Li, Kevin M Foglyano, John R Schnellenberger, Rudi Kobetic, Roger D Quinn, Ronald J Triolo
An untethered version of a stimulation-driven exoskeleton was evaluated for its ability to restore walking after paralysis from spinal cord injury. The hybrid neuroprosthesis (HNP) combined a passive variable-constraint exoskeleton for stability and support with functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) to contract the paralyzed muscles to drive limb movement. This self-contained HNP was operated by an onboard controller that sampled sensor signals, generated appropriate commands to both the exoskeletal constraints and integrated stimulator, and transmitted data wirelessly via Bluetooth to an off-board computer for real-time monitoring and recording for offline analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264796/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-wearable-technology-physical-activity-intervention-with-telephone-counseling-for-mid-aged-and-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
Elizabeth J Lyons, Maria C Swartz, Zakkoyya H Lewis, Eloisa Martinez, Kristofer Jennings
BACKGROUND: As adults age, their physical activity decreases and sedentary behavior increases, leading to increased risk of negative health outcomes. Wearable electronic activity monitors have shown promise for delivering effective behavior change techniques. However, little is known about the feasibility and acceptability of non-Fitbit wearables (Fitbit, Inc, San Francisco, California) combined with telephone counseling among adults aged more than 55 years. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and effect on physical activity of an intervention combining a wearable physical activity monitor, tablet device, and telephone counseling among adults aged 55-79 years...
March 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264684/intervening-to-reduce-workplace-sitting-mediating-role-of-social-cognitive-constructs-during-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Brigid M Lynch, Maike Neuhaus, Elizabeth G Eakin, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Brianna S Fjeldsoe
BACKGROUND: The Stand Up Victoria multi-component intervention successfully reduced workplace sitting time in both the short (three months) and long (12 months) term. To further understand how this intervention worked, we aimed to assess the impact of the intervention on four social-cognitive constructs, and examined whether these constructs mediated intervention effects on workplace sitting time at 3 and 12 months post-baseline. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty one office-based workers (14 worksites, single government employer) were randomised to intervention or control conditions by worksite...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264239/bone-cement-augmented-percutaneous-screw-fixation-for-malignant-spinal-metastases-is-it-feasible
#19
Pius Kim, Seok Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the validity of bone cement-augmented percutaneous screw fixation for treating malignant spinal metastases. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, 14 patients (eight men and six women) who underwent bone cement-augmented percutaneous screw fixation for malignant spinal metastases were enrolled in this study. Their life expectancy was considered to be more than one month and less than one year, based on the revised Tokuhashi scoring system. Clinical findings including the back pain scale score, functional outcome, procedure related complications, and survival were assessed preoperatively, postoperatively, and then six months after the procedure...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263203/impact-of-variations-in-blood-pressure-with-orthostatism-on-mortality-the-homo-study
#20
Sonsoles M Velilla-Zancada, Carlos Escobar-Cervantes, Luis Manzano-Espinosa, Miguel A Prieto-Diaz, Enrique Ramalle-Gomara, Luis A Vara-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and orthostatic hypertension (OHT) on all-cause mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of, 1176 adults from the community over 18 years of age were included in this ambispective study. The mean follow-up was 9.4 years. OH and OHT were defined as a decrease or an increase, respectively, in systolic blood pressure (BP) of at least 20 mmHg and/or diastolic BP of at least 10 mmHg from sitting to standing position at 1 and/or 3 min after standing...
March 3, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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