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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453585/-usefulness-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-questionnaire-t-adlq-in-patients-with-minor-stroke
#1
Juan Idiáquez, Francisco Torres, Eva Madrid, Jorge Vega, Andrea Slachevsky
BACKGROUND: The inability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL) is prevalent in elderly people and it is associated with hypertension and stroke. AIM: To evaluate ADLs using the T-ADLQ in hypertensive patients with minor stroke. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: T-ADLQ, Cognitive tests (Minimental and Addenbrooke), and Hamilton depression test were applied to 100 hypertensive ambulatory patients (55 without symptomatic stroke and 45 with ischemic stroke, Rankin ≤ 2)...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449347/caregiving-for-older-adults-with-obesity-in-the-united-states
#2
Claire K Ankuda, John Harris, Katherine Ornstein, Deborah A Levine, Kenneth M Langa, Amy S Kelley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the difference in receipt of activity of daily living (ADL) assistance between obese and normal-weight older adults. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Health and Aging Trends Study, 2011-2015. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. adults aged 65 and older with ADL disability and a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 kg/m(2) or greater (N = 5,612) MEASUREMENTS: BMI was classified as normal weight (18...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449220/survival-functional-status-and-eating-ability-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-placement-for-acute-stroke
#3
Karl Meisel, Robert M Arnold, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, John Boscardin, Alexander K Smith
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term survival and independence of individuals with stroke and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A longitudinal nationally representative community-based sample of older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with stroke who had a PEG tube placed (N = 174, mean age 79, 51% female, 29% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Functional status before incident stroke was determined based on data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a national longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older adults, from 1993 to 2012...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448628/determinants-of-formal-care-use-and-expenses-among-in-home-elderly-in-jing-an-district-shanghai-china
#4
Fen Li, Xinye Fang, Jiechun Gao, Hansheng Ding, Changying Wang, Chunyan Xie, Yitong Yang, Chunlin Jin
The need for formal care among the elderly population has been increasing due to their greater longevity and the evolution of family structure. We examined the determinants of the use and expenses of formal care among in-home elderly adults in Shanghai. A two-part model based on the data from the Shanghai Long-Term Care Needs Assessment Questionnaire was applied. A total of 8428 participants responded in 2014 and 7100 were followed up in 2015. The determinants of the probability of using formal care were analyzed in the first part of the model and the determinants of formal care expenses were analyzed in the second part...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448562/the-impact-of-anti-drug-antibodies-on-drug-concentrations-and-clinical-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-adalimumab-etanercept-or-infliximab-results-from-a-multinational-real-world-clinical-practice-non-interventional-study
#5
Robert J Moots, Ricardo M Xavier, Chi Chiu Mok, Mahboob U Rahman, Wen-Chan Tsai, Mustafa H Al-Maini, Karel Pavelka, Ehab Mahgoub, Sameer Kotak, Joan Korth-Bradley, Ron Pedersen, Linda Mele, Qi Shen, Bonnie Vlahos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of anti-drug antibodies (ADA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with the TNF inhibitors etanercept (ETN), adalimumab (ADL), or infliximab (IFX), and determine the potential relationship with trough drug concentration, efficacy, and patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: This multi-national, non-interventional, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473) enrolled adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6-24 months with ETN, ADL, or IFX...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446952/the-effect-of-group-based-occupational-therapy-on-performance-and-satisfaction-of-stroke-survivors-pilot-trail-neuro-occupational-view
#6
Maryam Mehdizadeh, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Roohollah Zahediyannasab
INTRODUCTION: Stroke imposes limitations on performing activities of daily living (ADL) and their level. Different therapeutic approaches are used for improving the level of performance after a stroke. This study was performed with the aim of evaluating the effect of group-based occupational therapy on improving the performance of ADL and satisfaction of its performance in patients with chronic strokes. METHODS: Fourteen chronic stroke patients with the mean age of 52 years participated in the study...
January 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443508/nutritional-deficiency-in-early-life-facilitates-aging-associated-cognitive-decline
#7
Yu Kang, Yun Zhang, Zijuan Feng, Mingjing Liu, Yanhua Li, Huan Yang, Dan Wang, Lingling Zheng, Dandan Lou, Liangping Cheng, Chunjiang Chen, Weitao Zhou, Yi Feng, Xiaoyong Li, Jianzhong Duan, Mengjiao Yu, Shou Yang, Yuhang Liu, Xin Wang, Bo Deng, Chenghui Liu, Xiuqing Yao, Chi Zhu, Chunrong Liang, Xiaolong Zeng, Sisi Ren, Qunying Li, Yin Zhong, Yong Zhang, Jun Kang, Yong Yan, Huaqing Meng, Zhaohui Zhong, Weihui Zhou, Yanjiang Wang, Tingyu Li, Weihong Song
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is important for the fetal developmental programming. Nutritional deficiency in early life could increase the susceptibility to many aging-related disorders including cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to investigate the effect of early famine exposure on aging-associated cognitive function. METHODS: We recruited 6790 subjects born between 1956 to 1964 during which the Great Chinese Famine occurred (1959-1961)...
April 24, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441649/home-based-physical-behavior-in-late-stage-parkinson-disease-dementia-differences-between-cognitive-subtypes
#8
Bernhard Cerff, Walter Maetzler, Patricia Sulzer, Malte Kampmeyer, Jos Prinzen, Markus A Hobert, Dominik Blum, Rob van Lummel, Silvia Del Din, Susanne Gräber, Daniela Berg, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
BACKGROUND: For the early diagnosis of Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), objective home-based tools are needed to quantify even mild stages of dysfunction of the activities of daily living (ADL). OBJECTIVES: In this pilot study, home-based physical behavior was assessed to examine whether it is possible to distinguish mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) from PDD. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with mild to severe Parkinson disease (PD) participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 26, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441511/do-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-have-inferior-outcomes-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-compared-with-patients-with-normal-acetabular-coverage
#9
Gregory L Cvetanovich, David M Levy, Alexander E Weber, Benjamin D Kuhns, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: The literature contains conflicting reports regarding whether outcomes of hip arthroscopic surgery for patients with borderline dysplasia are inferior to outcomes in patients with normal acetabular coverage. PURPOSE: To assess differences in the outcomes of hip arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in groups of patients with borderline dysplasia and normal coverage. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437525/visual-impairment-undercorrected-refractive-errors-and-activity-limitations-in-older-adults-findings-from-the-three-city-alienor-study
#10
Virginie Naël, Karine Pérès, Isabelle Carrière, Vincent Daien, Anne-Catherine Scherlen, Angelo Arleo, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cécile Delcourt, Catherine Helmer
Purpose: As vision is required in almost all activities of daily living, visual impairment (VI) may be one of the major treatable factors for preventing activity limitations. We aimed to evaluate the attributable risk of VI associated with activity limitations and the extent to which limitations are avoidable with optimal optical correction of undercorrected refractive errors. Methods: We analyzed 709 older adults from the Three-City-Alienor population-based study...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432547/health-related-quality-of-life-and-diabetes-self-care-activity-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-in-korea
#11
Hacksun Kim, Kisook Kim
A critical goal in the management of elderly patients with diabetes is to improve their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to identify the factors affecting HRQOL in elderly Korean patients with diabetes. Participants were 365 elderly patients with diabetes who were treated in a general hospital in Korea. The data were analysed using independent t-tests, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression. The mean total HRQOL score was 74.77, and HRQOL showed positive correlations with activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities (SDSA)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430370/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-elf-emf-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-improves-functional-and-psychological-status-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#12
Natalia Cichoń, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk
As a result of ischaemia/reperfusion, massive generation of reactive oxygen species occurs, followed by decreased activity of antioxidant enzymes. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) can modulate oxidative stress, but there are no clinical antioxidant studies in brain stroke patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of ELF-EMF on clinical and antioxidant status in post-stroke patients. Fifty-seven patients were divided into two groups: ELF-EMF and non-ELF-EMF. Both groups underwent the same 4-week rehabilitation program...
April 21, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429245/assessing-pruritus-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Allard R J V Vossen, Annelien Schoenmakers, Kelsey R van Straalen, Errol P Prens, Hessel H van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is still a forgotten aspect of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and, to date, has never been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, and explore the characteristics, of pruritus in a well-defined cohort of HS patients. SETTING: An academic hospital-based cross-sectional study in The Netherlands. METHODS: A numerical rating scale (NRS, 0-10) was used to determine the prevalence of HS-related itch (NRS score ≥3)...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428507/-opioid-therapy-and-management-of-side-effects-associated-with-opioids
#14
Toshihiko Nakatani
Opioids are very useful medications to reduce suffering of cancer patients such as refractory pain and dyspnea. We physicians have to use opioids to have good management of pain and suffering associated with cancer including management of side effects caused by opioids. Opioids couple opioid receptors and affect several pharmacological effects. Other than analgesic effect, opioids have some side effects of constipation, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression. In this chapter, I take important side effects of constipation, nausea and vomiting and respiratory depression...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428505/-neurolysis-and-spinal-analgesia-in-cancer-pain-management
#15
Seiji Hattori, Junko Tachibana
Cancer pain appears as a complex pain and often progressive.WhenWHO pain management strategy and/or palliative care failed to relieve their pain, patients are given high dose opioids or anonymous adjuvant drugs and have no chance to meet specialized pain treatment. This section briefly covers the outline of neurolysis and spinal analgesia for these cancer patients with severe pain. Purpose of nerve block and neurolysis are to block the incoming signal of pain in order to reduce pain, reduce analgesic dose, recover ADL, and finally to be discharged from the hospital...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#16
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419668/prevalence-and-associated-variables-of-postdialysis-fatigue-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#17
Maurizio Bossola, Emanuele Marzetti, Enrico Di Stasio, Tania Monteburini, Stefano Cenerelli, Katia Mazzoli, Emanuele Parodi, Vittorio Sirolli, Stefano Santarelli, Fabio Ippoliti, Pier Eugenio Nebiolo, Mario Bonomini, Roberta Melatti, Carlo Vulpio
AIMS: Little is known about postdialysis fatigue (PDF), a debilitating symptom of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In 5 hemodialysis units of northern-centre Italy, patients were regarded to suffer from PDF if they spontaneously offered this complaint when asked the open-ended question: Do you feel better or worse after dialysis? If worse, please specify in which way. A complaint of fatigue would be probed further with questions directed at its duration, frequency and intensity, allowing creation of a fatigue index of severity (one third of the sum of these three parameters, each rated from 1 to 5)...
April 17, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419192/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-novel-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor-octohydroaminoacridine-in-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease-a-phase-ii-multicenter-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Shifu Xiao, Tao Wang, Xiuqiang Ma, Yingyi Qin, Xia Li, Zhongxin Zhao, Xueyuan Liu, Xiaoping Wang, Hengge Xie, Qinpu Jiang, Li Sun, Benyan Luo, Lan Shang, Weixian Chen, Yan Bai, Muni Tang, Maolin He, Lan Wu, Qilin Ma, Deren Hou, Jia He
Background: inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) has been a effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Octohydroaminoacridine, a new AChE inhibitor, is a potential treatment for AD. Method: we conducted a multicenter, randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group Phase II clinical trial to investigate the effects of octohydroaminoacridine in patients with mild-to-moderate AD. Patients were randomised to receive placebo thrice daily, octohydroaminoacridine 1 mg/thrice daily (TID) (low-dose group), 2 mg/TID (middle-dose group) or 4 mg/TID (high-dose group)...
April 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418625/physical-function-was-related-to-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-dialysis
#19
REVIEW
Shinichiro Morishita, Atsuhiro Tsubaki, Nobuyuki Shirai
Previous studies have shown that exercise improves aerobic capacity, muscular functioning, cardiovascular function, walking capacity, and health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and dialysis. Recently, additional studies have shown that higher physical activity contributes to survival and decreased mortality as well as physical function and QOL in patients with CKD and dialysis. Herein, we review the evidence that physical function and physical activity play an important role in mortality for patients with CKD and dialysis...
April 18, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417611/factors-enhancing-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke-in-specialized-rehabilitation-an-observational-multicenter-study-within-the-sunnaas-international-network
#20
Birgitta Langhammer, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Susanne Sällström, Frank Becker, Johan K Stanghelle
BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to serious, long-term disability. Consequently, many individuals with stroke will be in need of rehabilitation, and some of specialized rehabilitation. The content and organization of rehabilitation vary within and between countries, reflecting the preferences, customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, that may have an impact on outcomes. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of team models in specialized rehabilitation on outcomes as measured by stroke patients' performance in ADL, at a standardized time and at discharge in the various specialized rehabilitation clinics...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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