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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147597/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-parkinson-s-disease-activities-of-daily-living-scale
#1
Stina B Jonasson, Peter Hagell, Gun-Marie Hariz, Susanne Iwarsson, Maria H Nilsson
Objective: To evaluate a set of psychometric properties (i.e., data completeness, targeting, and external construct validity) of the Parkinson's disease Activities of Daily Living Scale (PADLS) in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Specific attention was paid to the association between PADLS and PD severity, according to the Hoehn & Yahr (H&Y) staging. Methods: The sample included 251 persons with PD (mean age 70 [SD 9] years). Data collection comprised a self-administered postal survey, structured interviews, and clinical assessments at home visits...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145731/decline-of-physical-activity-in-terminally-ill-patients-could-be-useful-for-predicting-short-term-survival
#2
Hiroki Yasui, Satoru Iwase, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Masanori Nojima, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: Although it is recommended that all terminally ill patients receive advance care planning (ACP), this is occasionally challenging because of the difficulty in predicting survival. There are some indexes for predicting survival, but few are accurate, especially at the terminal stages of illness. METHODS: Twenty-two patients at the terminal stages of cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We assessed their physical activity and condition using activities of daily living (ADL) scores for 1 month before the death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143932/forecasting-carbon-dioxide-emissions-based-on-a-hybrid-of-mixed-data-sampling-regression-model-and-back-propagation-neural-network-in-the-usa
#3
Xin Zhao, Meng Han, Lili Ding, Adrian Cantemir Calin
The accurate forecast of carbon dioxide emissions is critical for policy makers to take proper measures to establish a low carbon society. This paper discusses a hybrid of the mixed data sampling (MIDAS) regression model and BP (back propagation) neural network (MIDAS-BP model) to forecast carbon dioxide emissions. Such analysis uses mixed frequency data to study the effects of quarterly economic growth on annual carbon dioxide emissions. The forecasting ability of MIDAS-BP is remarkably better than MIDAS, ordinary least square (OLS), polynomial distributed lags (PDL), autoregressive distributed lags (ADL), and auto-regressive moving average (ARMA) models...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136747/-association-between-biomarkers-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-the-elderly-%C3%A2-65-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#4
J S Luo, Y B Lyu, Z X Yin, W H Shi, J Zhang, L Q Su, J L Fang, X M Shi
Objective: To explore the association between biomarkers and activities of daily living (ADL) in the elderly over 65 years old from longevity areas in China. Methods: A total of 2 439 people from 8 longevity areas were included in our baseline survey in 2012. Using questionnaires, body measurements, and blood biochemical examinations, information on demographics characteristic, life style, ADL, blood pressure and biomarkers were collected. Based on these six items of ADL (bathing, dressing, indoor activities, toileting, eating, bowel and bladder control), we constructed a dichotomous indicator for ADL...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134264/oxygen-desaturation-in-daily-life-and-during-a-laboratory-based-protocol-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-copd-is-there-relationship
#5
Thaís Sant'Anna, Leila Donária, Nidia A Hernandes, Karina C Furlanetto, Décio S Barbosa, Rik Gosselink, Fabio Pitta
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between oxygen desaturation episodes during a laboratory-based ADL protocol and in real-life routine in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Twenty patients with stable COPD (12 men, 70 ± 7 years, FEV1% 54 ± 15 predicted) with no indication for long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) were submitted to assessments including ADL performance by the Londrina ADL Protocol (LAP) and level of physical activity in daily life, both while submitted to simultaneous activity and pulse oximeter monitoring...
November 13, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134251/meniscal-repair-results-in-inferior-short-term-outcomes-compared-with-meniscal-resection-a-cohort-study-of-6398-patients-with-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Eleonor Svantesson, Riccardo Cristiani, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Magnus Forssblad, Kristian Samuelsson, Anders Stålman
PURPOSE: To compare patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) during the first postoperative year between isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and ACL reconstruction with concomitant meniscal intervention. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction at Capio Artro Clinic, Stockholm, Sweden, between 1st Jan 2001 and 31st Dec 2014 without concomitant injuries others than meniscal and/or cartilage lesions were included. Five groups of meniscal treatment simultaneously to ACL reconstruction were established; medial meniscal (MM) resection, MM repair, lateral meniscal (LM) resection, LM repair, and MM + LM resection...
November 13, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134178/wheelchair-services-and-use-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-kenya-and-the-philippines
#7
Eva S Bazant, Elizabeth J Himelfarb Hurwitz, Brenda N Onguti, Emma K Williams, Jamie H Noon, Cheryl A Xavier, Ferdiliza D S Garcia, Anthony Gichangi, Mohammed Gabbow, Peter Musakhi, R Lee Kirby
Background: The World Health Organisation recommends that services accompany wheelchair distribution. This study examined the relationship of wheelchair service provision in Kenya and the Philippines and wheelchair-use-related outcomes. Method: We surveyed 852 adult basic manual wheelchair users. Participants who had received services and those who had not were sought in equal numbers from wheelchair-distribution entities. Outcomes assessed were daily wheelchair use, falls, unassisted outdoor use and performance of activities of daily living (ADL)...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132725/computational-study-of-the-role-of-fluid-content-and-flow-on-the-lumbar-disc-response-in-cyclic-compression-replication-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-conditions
#8
Petra Velísková, Maxim Bashkuev, Aboulfazl Shirazi-Adl, Hendrik Schmidt
The intervertebral disc viscoelastic response is governed primarily by its fluid content and flow. Invivo measurements demonstrate that the disc volume, fluid content, height and nucleus pressure completely recover during resting even after diurnal loading with twice longer duration (16 vs. 8 h). In view of much longer periods required for the recovery of disc height and pressure in vitro, concerns have been raised on the fluid inflow through the endplates that might be hampered by clogged blood vessels post mortem...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132150/functional-impairment-and-decline-in-middle-age-a-cohort-study
#9
Rebecca T Brown, L Grisell Diaz-Ramirez, W John Boscardin, Sei J Lee, Michael A Steinman
Background: Difficulties with daily functioning are common in middle-aged adults. However, little is known about the epidemiology or clinical course of these problems, including the extent to which they share common features with functional impairment in older adults. Objective: To determine the epidemiology and clinical course of functional impairment and decline in middle age. Design: Cohort study. Setting: The Health and Retirement Study...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132081/the-relationship-between-physical-and-mental-health-a-mediation-analysis
#10
Julius Ohrnberger, Eleonora Fichera, Matt Sutton
There is a strong link between mental health and physical health, but little is known about the pathways from one to the other. We analyse the direct and indirect effects of past mental health on present physical health and past physical health on present mental health using lifestyle choices and social capital in a mediation framework. We use data on 10,693 individuals aged 50 years and over from six waves (2002-2012) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Mental health is measured by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES) and physical health by the Activities of Daily Living (ADL)...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131379/design-synthesis-molecular-docking-and-anticancer-activity-of-phthalazine-derivatives-as-vegfr-2-inhibitors
#11
Abdel-Ghany A El-Helby, Rezk R A Ayyad, Helmy Sakr, Khaled El-Adl, Mamdouh M Ali, Fathalla Khedr
Novel series of phthalazine derivatives 6-11 were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their anticancer activity against two human tumor cell lines, HCT-116 human colon adenocarcinoma and MCF-7 breast cancer cells, targeting the VEGFR-2 enzyme. Compounds 7a,b and 8b,c showed the highest anticancer activities against both HCT116 human colon adenocarcinoma cells with IC50 of 6.04 ± 0.30, 13.22 ± 0.22, 18 ± 0.20, and 35 ± 0.45 μM, respectively, and MCF-7 breast cancer cells with IC50 of 8...
November 13, 2017: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129380/evaluation-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-slowly-progressive-neuromuscular-diseases
#12
Katarzyna Bienias, Joanna Ścibek, Joanna Cegielska, Jan Kochanowski
Slowly progressive neuromuscular diseases include but are not limited to: facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) and spinal muscular atrophy type III (SMA3). The purpose of this study is to present an evaluation of basic and complex activities of daily living in patients suffering from these diseases. The study was conducted on a group of 58 Polish patients: 25 patients with HMSN, 19 with LGMD and FSHD and 14 with SMA3...
October 27, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128438/renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-and-statins-are-associated-with-lower-in-hospital-mortality-in-very-elderly-hypertensives
#13
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Paolo Balietti, Guido Cocci, Laura Landi, Francesca Elena Lombardi, Elisabetta Borioni, Beatrice Bernardi, Giulia Rosettani, Valentina Bordoni, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular diseases are mainly related to hypertension and dyslipidemia and increase with aging because of the larger time span for these risk factors to damage arterial blood vessels. The impact of cardiovascular drug therapy on outcomes in the very elderly hospitalized is still not well established. The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between cardiovascular therapy and in-hospital mortality in very elderly hypertensives. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126351/the-factors-associated-with-geriatric-depression-in-rural-china-stratified-by-household-structure
#14
Fengfeng Gong, Dongdong Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhao, Shanshan Lu, Zhenzhong Qian, Yehuan Sun
Depressive symptoms and empty nest phenomenon of rural elderly people are both important public health issues, which should not be ignored. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and related factors of the empty nest elderly in rural China. We recruited 3182 eligible subjects and gathered data by face-to-face interview. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore the related factors of depressive symptoms. The present study showed that the prevalence of depressive symptoms significantly differed between empty nest old adults and non-empty nesters (24...
November 10, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125982/disability-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Josephine Neo, Lucy Fettes, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
INTRODUCTION: People with cancer frequently report limitation in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs); essential activities required to live independently within society. Although several studies have assessed ADL related disability, variability in assessment, setting, and population means evidence is difficult to interpret. We aimed to determine the prevalence of ADL related disability, overall and by setting, and the most commonly affected ADLs in people living with cancer. METHODS: We searched twelve databases to June 2016 for observational studies assessing ADL disability in adults with cancer...
October 28, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125804/acceptance-and-perceived-usefulness-of-robots-to-assist-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-healthcare-tasks
#16
Amanda K Hall, Uba Backonja, Ian Painter, Maya Cakmak, Minjung Sung, Timothy Lau, Hilaire J Thompson, George Demiris
As the number of older adults living with chronic conditions continues to rise, they will require assistance with activities of daily living (ADL) and healthcare tasks to continue living independently in their homes. One proposed solution to assist with the care needs of an aging population and a shrinking healthcare workforce is robotic technology. Using a cross-sectional survey design, we purposively sampled adults (≥18 years old) to assess generational acceptance and perceived usefulness of robots to assist with ADLs, healthcare tasks, and evaluate acceptance of robotic healthcare assistance across different settings...
November 10, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122267/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercises-on-the-rehabilitation-of-limb-function-among-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Li Ge, Qing-Xiang Zheng, Yan-Tan Liao, Jing-Yu Tan, Qiu-Lin Xie, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121677/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-frailty-and-frailty-components-among-community-dwelling-older-citizens
#18
Carmen B Franse, Amy van Grieken, Li Qin, René J F Melis, Judith A C Rietjens, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: So far, it has not yet been studied whether socioeconomic status is associated with distinct frailty components and for which frailty component this association is the strongest. We aimed to examine the association between socioeconomic status and frailty and frailty components. In addition we assessed the mediating effect of the number of morbidities on the association between socioeconomic status and other frailty components. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of pooled data of The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey Minimum DataSet in the Netherlands among community-dwelling persons aged 55 years and older (n = 26,014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120382/factors-associated-with-activities-of-daily-life-disability-among-centenarians-in-rural-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tingting Wu, Lu Lu, Li Luo, Yingqi Guo, Liying Ying, Qingliu Tao, Huan Zeng, Lingli Han, Zumin Shi, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain the health and lifestyle factors associated with the activities of daily living (ADL) disability of centenarians in rural Chongqing, China. METHOD: 564 centenarians living in rural Chongqing were selected for this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics and self-reported lifestyle factors were obtained from face-to-face interviews. ADL disability was measured using the Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale. RESULT: Among the respondents, 65...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114877/association-between-obesity-age-and-functional-decline-in-survivors-of-cardiac-surgery
#20
Timothy G Gaulton, Mark D Neuman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the effect of obesity on functional decline after cardiac surgery, especially in elderly adults. Our goal was to determine the association between obesity and functional decline in the 2 years after cardiac surgery and the interaction between obesity and age. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Health and Retirement Study, 2004-2014. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. adults aged 50 and older who indicated having cardiac surgery and had a body mass index (BMI) of 18...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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