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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775641/surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-neurological-and-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-later
#1
Marjaana Tiainen, Jukka Vaahersalo, Markus B Skrifvars, Johanna Hästbacka, Juha Grönlund, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are limited. We assessed long-term functional outcome and health-related QoL of OHCA survivors regardless of arrest aetiology. METHODS: All adult unconscious OHCA patients treated in 21 Finnish ICUs between March 2010 and February 2011 were followed. Barthel Index (BI), activities of daily living (ADL), accommodation, help needed and received, working status, car driving and self-experienced cognitive deficits were assessed in 1-year survivors (N = 206, 40...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#2
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772855/-clinical-study-of-exercise-rehabilitation-and-gait-analysis-during-the-perioperative-period-of-lumbar-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy
#3
Yu-Xian Zhong, Yu Ding, Jin-Yu Liu, Wei-Jin Zhou, Guang-Hao Ma, Xu Zhu, Hai-Jun Wang, Hong-Mei Chen, Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of exercise rehabilitation during perioperative period on residual pain, gait and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) after lumbar percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED). METHODS: The clinical data of 48 patients with LSS underwent PTED from December 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into observation group and control group according to different rehabilitation patterns, being 24 cases in each group...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772744/activities-of-daily-living-and-determinant-factors-among-older-adult-subjects-with-lower-body-fracture-after-discharge-from-hospital-a-prospective-study
#4
Nurul Izzah Ibrahim, Mohd Sharkawi Ahmad, Mohamed S Zulfarina, Sharifah Nurul Aqilah Sayed Mohd Zaris, Isa Naina Mohamed, Norazlina Mohamed, Sabarul Afian Mokhtar, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
Fracture is a type of musculoskeletal injury that contributes to an inability to perform daily activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate activities of daily living (ADL) of older adult patients with lower body fracture and to determine factors influencing ADL. Patient's ADL was assessed at pre-fracture, ward admission and post-discharge phases using the Katz ADL questionnaire. There were 129 subjects at pre-fracture and ward phases and 89 subjects at discharge phase. There were four independent variables; age, gender, type of fracture and ability to walk before fracture...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771830/the-effect-of-transtemperal-approach-and-placement-of-intracranial-pressure-sensor-into-temporal-horn-of-lateral-ventricle-in-management-of-spontaneous-supratentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage-broken-into-ventricles
#5
Fei Wang, Tao Yang, Chaoshi Niu
To investigate the effect of transtemperal approach and placement of intracranial pressure sensor into temporal horn of lateral ventricle in management of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage broken into ventricles, a total of 37 patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage broken into ventricles treated by operation from January 2016 to December 20l6 were analyzed retrospectively, of which 25 patients in simple transtemporal approach group and 12 patients in transtemperal approach and placement of intracranial pressure sensor into temporal horn of lateral ventricle group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771687/memantine-er-maintains-patient-response-in-moderate-to-severe-alzheimer-s-disease-post-hoc-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-of-patients-treated-with-cholinesterase-inhibitors
#6
George T Grossberg, Gustavo Alva, Suzanne Hendrix, Noel Ellison, Mary C Kane, John Edwards
Memantine extended release (ER) significantly outperformed placebo on co-primary endpoints of Clinician's Interview-based Impression of Change Plus Caregiver Input (CIBIC-Plus) and baseline to endpoint changes on the Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) in a 24-week, randomized trial (NCT00322153) in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease taking a cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI). A post hoc analysis compared patients receiving memantine ER/ChEI to placebo/ChEI for time to onset of response and if the response was maintained (achieving improvement at weeks 8, 12, or 18 and maintaining through endpoint/week 24) on the SIB, the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), CIBIC-Plus, and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) using Fisher exact test...
May 16, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765888/disability-measurement-for-korean-community-dwelling-adults-with-stroke-item-level-psychometric-analysis-of-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#7
Ickpyo Hong, Young Joo Kim, Mandi L Sonnenfeld, Emily Grattan, Timothy A Reistetter
Objective: To investigate the psychometric properties of the activities of daily living (ADL) instrument used in the analysis of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) dataset. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out involving 2006 KLoSA records of community-dwelling adults diagnosed with stroke. The ADL instrument used for the analysis of KLoSA included 17 items, which were analyzed using Rasch modeling to develop a robust outcome measure. The unidimensionality of the ADL instrument was examined based on confirmatory factor analysis with a one-factor model...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761827/factors-related-to-dissociation-between-objective-and-subjective-masticatory-function-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-adults
#8
Murakami Masaharu, Yutaka Watanabe, Edahiro Ayako, Yuki Ohara, Obuchi Shuichi, Kawai Hisashi, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ihara Kazushige, Murakami Masato, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' evaluations of older adults sometimes reveal inconsistencies between objective and subjective dental status. This study investigated which factors contribute both to good objective masticatory function (OMF) and the poor subjective masticatory function (SMF) that often becomes a clinical issue. METHODS: Study participants included 635 elderly community-dwelling Japanese adults who underwent a comprehensive geriatric health examination in 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754980/implant-survival-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-young-patients
#9
Ishaan Swarup, Yuo-Yu Lee, Yu-Fen Chiu, Ryan Sutherland, Marisa Shields, Mark P Figgie
BACKGROUND: Younger patients are undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) for various conditions that affect the hip joint. This study evaluates the implant survival and long-term patient-reported outcomes of THA in patients aged 35 years or younger. METHODS: Data were collected through a retrospective chart review, and follow-up surveys were conducted to determine implant survival and patient-reported outcomes. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to evaluate implant survival, and the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) was used to describe patient-reported outcomes...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754151/a-voxel-based-magnetic-resonance-imaging-morphometric-study-of-cerebral-and-cerebellar-gray-matter-in-patients-under-65-years-with-essential-tremor
#10
Hongmei Cao, Rong Wang, Xue Luo, Xianjun Li, Mark Hallett, Johanna Thompson-Westra, Jian Yang, Qiumin Qu, Xiaobo Yang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the morphological changes in cerebral and cerebellar gray matter in patients with essential tremor under 60-years-of-age, with age-matched and gender-matched normal healthy volunteer control subjects, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective, controlled, comparative clinical study included 17 patients with essential tremor, <60 years-of-age, and 17 age-matched and gender-matched healthy volunteer control subjects, recruited between June 2010-July 2012...
May 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752190/nutritional-status-changes-and-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fracture-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-units-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-from-the-japan-rehabilitation-nutrition-database
#11
Shinta Nishioka, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Ryo Momosaki
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that malnutrition impedes functional recovery in patients with hip fracture, but there are few reports on improvement in nutritional status and return to activities of daily living (ADL) in these patients. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between change in nutritional status and recovery of ADL in malnourished patients after hip fracture and to identify predictors of functional recovery among the characteristic features of undernutrition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751506/neurocognitive-disorders-and-dehydration-in-older-patients-clinical-experience-supports-the-hydromolecular-hypothesis-of-dementia
#12
Michele Lauriola, Antonio Mangiacotti, Grazia D'Onofrio, Leandro Cascavilla, Francesco Paris, Giulia Paroni, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo
Abnormalities of water homeostasis can be early expressions of neuronal dysfunction, brain atrophy, chronic cerebrovasculopathy and neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum osmolality of subjects with cognitive impairment. One thousand and ninety-one consecutive patients attending the Alzheimer&rsquo;s Evaluation Unit were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), 21-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental-ADL (IADL), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Exton-Smith Scale (ESS), and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
May 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751371/status-epilepticus-associated-with-acute-encephalitis-long-term-follow-up-of-functional-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-72-patients
#13
Weibi Chen, Yingying Su, Mengdi Jiang, Gang Liu, Fei Tian, Guoping Ren
BACKGROUND: Continued care in patients with encephalitis and prolonged status epilepticus (SE) is controversial. Limited data is available on the functional and cognitive outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study from 2007 to 2016, patients with acute encephalitis and SE were reviewed. Long-term outcomes including motor disability (modified Rankin Scale, mRS), daily living skills (activities of daily living, ADL), cognitive ability (modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status, TICS-M) and epilepsy sequelae, were evaluated in those survivors at 12-month follow-up...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750026/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-london-chest-activity-of-daily-living-scale-and-the-dyspnea-12-questionnaire
#14
Marc Beaumont, Francis Couturaud, Florence Jego, Romain Pichon, Catherine Le Ber, Loïc Péran, Christophe Rogé, David Renault, Swathi Narayan, Gregory Reychler
Introduction: Eighty percent of COPD patients experience dyspnea during activities of daily life (ADL). To the best of our knowledge, the Modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) dyspnea scale is the only validated scale designed to quantify dyspnea during ADL available in the French language. Two other instruments are only available in English versions: the London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL) scale that allows a specific evaluation of dyspnea during ADL and the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire that evaluates the affective (emotional) and sensory components of dyspnea in daily life...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750023/the-effects-of-movement-stimulation-on-activities-of-daily-living-performance-and-quality-of-life-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Marinda Henskens, Ilse M Nauta, Katja T Drost, Erik Ja Scherder
Background: Nursing home (NH) residents with dementia experience a reduced quality of life (QoL), in part, due to a dependence in performing activities of daily living (ADL). Stimulating movement is associated with improvements in ADL performance. Therefore, movement stimulating interventions, such as ADL training and exercise, focus on optimizing ADL performance to improve QoL. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three movement stimulating interventions on QoL and ADL performance in NH residents with dementia...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747287/-a-comparative-study-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elder-patients-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#16
H Liu, M Gao, D Mei, H X Han, J T Li, J F Bai, C L Zhang, R Feng, J P Wei, Y Tian, T Wang
Objective: To measure the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elder non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) patients in a cross-sectional study; to compare the differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-performance status (PS) and CGA. Methods: CGA stratification included the following 3 instrument assessments: activity of daily living (ADL);instrumental activity of daily living (IADL);comorbidity score according to the modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G). According to CGA and age, NHL patients, aged ≥60 years, were classified as"fit","unfit"and"frail"groups...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746795/comparative-analysis-of-pretreatment-methods-on-sorghum-sorghum-durra-stalk-agrowaste-for-holocellulose-content
#17
Sumitha Banu Jamaldheen, Kedar Sharma, Aruna Rani, Vijayanand S Moholkar, Arun Goyal
This study compares different types of pretreatment methods, such as thermal pretreatment at 120°C, autoclaving, microwaving and ultrasonication in the presence of water, dilute acid (1% H2 SO4 ) or dilute alkali (1% NaOH) on Sorghum stalk with respect to the holocellulose and ADL (Acid Detergent/Insoluble Lignin) content. Among all the methods, pretreatment with 1% NaOH along with autoclaving at 121°C and 15 psi for 30 min was the most effective method for Sorghum stalk. FTIR analysis of this pretreated biomass showed the removal of lignin and FESEM analysis displayed enhanced surface roughness...
May 10, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741197/how-to-manage-frail-older-adults-in-the-community-proposal-of-a-health-promotion-program-experienced-in-a-city-of-16-638-inhabitants-in-france
#18
J de Kerimel, N Tavassoli, C Lafont, M Soto, M Pedra, F Nourhashemi, C Lagourdette, L Bouchon, A Chaléon, S Sourdet, Y Rolland, M Cesari, B Vellas
BACKGROUND: Health promotion programs could prevent and delay frailty and functional decline. However, in practice, the planning and establishment of such a program is a challenge for health care providers. We report an experimental model of screening and management for frail elderly conducted in Cugnaux, city of 16,638 inhabitants in France, by the Toulouse Gerontopole and the social care service of the Cugnaux City Hall. METHODS: A frailty screening self-administered questionnaire (FiND questionnaire) was sent to community-dwelling residents of 70 years old and over of Cugnaux...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740553/development-and-validation-of-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-cognitive-function-and-activity-of-daily-living-improvement-in-mild-dementia-elderly
#19
Mi-Ri Choi, Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi
We investigated the effect of exercise rehabilitation based on fine motor movement for the elderly with mild dementia. Using electroencephalogram (EEG), the change of brain wave of them based on fine motor movement and comparing the improvement level of cognitive ability and performance capability in daily living activity was recorded. The subjects were the elderly with mild dementia living in a sanatorium in Incheon city. Mini-Mental Status Examination, activity of daily living (ADL), and the influence on depression were examined...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736953/cognitive-and-physical-factors-affecting-daily-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
Fang Yu, Yan Chen, Michelle A Mathiason, Qiaoqin Wan, Feng V Lin
Understanding the factors affecting activities of daily living (ADL) is important in Alzheimer's disease (AD), because decline in ADL contributes to many poor health outcomes. Existing studies often investigate the factors in isolation without a theoretical framework. The purpose of the present study was to provide preliminary results on how cognition, physical performance, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia mediate the relationship of aerobic fitness and ADL in AD. A cross-sectional analysis was used (n = 28: average age 78 [8] years, education 16 (3) years, Mini-Mental State Examination scores 20 [4])...
May 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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