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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088168/do-nursing-staff-encourage-functional-activity-among-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nursing-staff-perceived-behaviors-and-associated-factors
#1
Nienke O Kuk, Mirre den Ouden, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Jan P H Hamers, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Gerrie J J W Bours
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents are mainly inactive. Nursing staff can encourage residents to perform functional activities during daily care activities. This study examines 1) the extent to which nursing staff perceive that they encourage functional activity in nursing home residents and 2) the associations between these nursing behaviors and professional characteristics, contextual factors, and information-seeking behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 368 registered nurses and certified nurse assistants, working in somatic and psychogeriatric wards of forty-one nursing homes throughout the Netherlands participated...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087954/functional-limitation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-long-term-stroke-survivors-in-a-malaysian-community
#2
M N Nor Azlin, N A Aziz, B S Saperi, S M Aljunid
PURPOSE: this study aimed to evaluate function and quality of life (QoL) and associated factors among long term stroke survivors in the Malaysian community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving stroke survivors living in the community at two or more years post-stroke. Eligible participants with the diagnosis of stroke were identified from 2005-2010 case mix database of a tertiary hospital. the patients' medical records were analysed and data on demographic and clinical profiles were collected...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#3
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086917/resveratrol-regulates-neuro-inflammation-and-induces-adaptive-immunity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Charbel Moussa, Michaeline Hebron, Xu Huang, Jaeil Ahn, Robert A Rissman, Paul S Aisen, R Scott Turner
BACKGROUND: Treatment of mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects (N = 119) for 52 weeks with the SIRT1 activator resveratrol (up to 1 g by mouth twice daily) attenuates progressive declines in CSF Aβ40 levels and activities of daily living (ADL) scores. METHODS: For this retrospective study, we examined banked CSF and plasma samples from a subset of AD subjects with CSF Aβ42 <600 ng/ml (biomarker-confirmed AD) at baseline (N = 19 resveratrol-treated and N = 19 placebo-treated)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086759/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-functional-physical-and-cognitive-health-among-female-nursing-home-residents-in-switzerland
#5
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081584/-mini-open-approach-shows-good-results-in-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#6
Stephanie Maria Kirschbaum, Frank Sitterlee, Carsten Perka, Michael Müller
Background Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) describes a painful, abnormal (bony) contact between the femoral neck and acetabulum, which, if left untreated, contributes to early osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Despite its flat learning curve and long operation times, hip arthroscopy has been used increasingly often in recent years in the surgery of femoroacetabular impingement. The mini-open technique (MOT) offers a possible alternative that addresses the abnormal morphological prominence and allows minimally invasive clearance of hip motion...
January 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078196/prosthetic-jamming-terminal-device-a-case-study-of-untethered-soft-robotics
#7
Nadia Cheng, John Amend, Todd Farrell, Debra Latour, Carlos Martinez, Jen Johansson, Anthony McNicoll, Marek Wartenberg, Samuel Naseef, William Hanson, William Culley
This article illuminates the major and often overlooked challenge of untethering soft robotic systems through the context of recent work, in which soft robotic gripper technology enabled by jamming of granular media was applied to a prosthetic jamming terminal device (PJTD). The PJTD's technical and market feasibility was evaluated in a pilot study with two upper-limb amputees. A PJTD prototype was tested against a commercial device (Motion Control electric terminal service with a one degree-of-freedom pinching mechanism) using two existing hand function tests: the first quantified the device's speed in picking and placing small blocks and the second evaluated a person's ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs)...
December 1, 2016: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076836/the-metabolic-syndrome-and-10-year-cognitive-and-functional-decline-in-very-old-men-a-population-based-study
#8
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Chiara Donfrancesco, Luigi Palmieri, Simona Giampaoli
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal relationships of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to cognitive decline and functional disability in a sample of older non-institutionalized men. METHODS: data from 1991 to 2000 of the Italian cohorts of the Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Elderly (FINE) study, were used. Global cognitive function and functional disability, defined as limitations in mobility, basic (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) were screened in 1991 and 2000...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075219/how-do-assessments-of-activities-of-daily-living-address-executive-functions-a-scoping-review
#9
Frédérique Poncet, Bonnie Swaine, Elisabeth Dutil, Mathilde Chevignard, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
: Executive functions (EF) allow persons to adapt to situations arising in daily life and can be affected following acquired brain injury (ABI). Measuring the impact of EF impairments on the accomplishment of activities of daily living (ADL) requires specific assessment tools, but choosing the right tool may be difficult. PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review on how assessments of ADL address EF and EF impairments in persons with ABI. METHOD: A scoping review of literature (peer-reviewed and grey literature) published until August 2014 was conducted...
January 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073999/everyday-support-to-aging-parents-links-to-middle-aged-children-s-diurnal-cortisol-and-daily-mood
#10
Lauren R Bangerter, Yin Liu, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Kira S Birditt, Karen L Fingerman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Middle-aged adults are often called upon to support aging parents. However, providing support to an aging parent with health problems and disability may be a stressful experience. This study asked whether giving everyday support to parents in the context of health problems and disability has implications for middle-aged children's diurnal cortisol and daily mood. DESIGN AND METHODS: During four consecutive days, 148 middle-aged adults (mean age = 55) reported the support they gave to their parents and provided saliva 4 times a day (wake, 30 min post-wake, lunchtime, and bedtime)...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068375/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-icecap-o-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#11
Carmen M Sarabia-Cobo, Paula Parás-Bravo, Francisco José Amo-Setién, Ana Rosa Alconero-Camarero, María Sáenz-Jalón, Blanca Torres-Manrique, Raquel Sarabia-Lavín, Angela Fernández-Rodríguez, Tamara Silio-García, Rosario Fernández-Peña, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibáñez-Margüello
BACKGROUND: Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for a chronic disease, such as dementia, which impairs the quality of life of affected patients in addition to their length of life. This is important in the context of economic evaluations when interventions do not (only) affect HRQoL and these other factors also affect overall quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Spanish translation of the ICECAP-O's capability to measure Health-related quality of life in elderly with dementia who live in nursing homes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068350/genome-wide-association-mapping-and-genomic-selection-for-alfalfa-medicago-sativa-forage-quality-traits
#12
Elisa Biazzi, Nelson Nazzicari, Luciano Pecetti, E Charles Brummer, Alberto Palmonari, Aldo Tava, Paolo Annicchiarico
Genetic progress for forage quality has been poor in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), the most-grown forage legume worldwide. This study aimed at exploring opportunities for marker-assisted selection (MAS) and genomic selection of forage quality traits based on breeding values of parent plants. Some 154 genotypes from a broadly-based reference population were genotyped by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), and phenotyped for leaf-to-stem ratio, leaf and stem contents of protein, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent lignin (ADL), and leaf and stem NDF digestibility after 24 hours (NDFD), of their dense-planted half-sib progenies in three growing conditions (summer harvest, full irrigation; summer harvest, suspended irrigation; autumn harvest)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067736/alzheimer-s-disease-and-exercise-a-literature-review
#13
Shane P Cass
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that impairs memory and cognitive judgment. It is the leading cause of dementia in late adult life and is associated with a significant social burden and increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Because of mixed effectiveness of medications, exercise has been considered as a treatment for pre-clinical AD, late stage AD, and as a prevention strategy. Exercise appears to improve brain blood flow, increase hippocampal volume, and improve neurogenesis...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065791/the-neuroprotective-strategic-analysis-for-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-combined-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-in-icu
#14
Yali Chao, Weiwei Hu, Xiaojuan Geng
BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to investigate the neuroprotective treatment strategies for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in the ICU. METHODS: A total of 83 cases that were diagnosed with secondary AMI for the first time were selected and divided into observation group (n=43) and the control group (n=40). All of patients underwent emergency or elective PCI. Patients in the control group were treated with mannitol to reduce intracranial pressure, cinepazide maleate to improve microcirculation in the brain and also given comprehensive treatments of oxygen inhalation, fluid infusion, acid-base imbalance correction, electrolyte disturbance, etc...
January 5, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065624/outcome-of-unicondylar-knee-arthroplasty-vs-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-early-medial-compartment-arthritis-a-randomized-study
#15
Vikas Kulshrestha, Barun Datta, Santhosh Kumar, Gaurav Mittal
BACKGROUND: With increasing number of patients with early osteoarthritis of knee opting for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there has been increase in patients dissatisfied with surgical outcomes. It is being presumed that offering unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) to them would improve outcomes. METHODS: Primary objective of our study was to look for any difference in patient-reported outcome and function at 2-year follow-up in patients undergoing UKA as compared to TKA...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063787/the-development-and-examination-of-a-new-walking-executive-function-test-for-people-over-50years-of-age
#16
Arturo Leyva, Anoop Balachandran, Jennifer C Britton, Moataz Eltoukhy, Christopher Kuenze, Nicholas D Myers, Joseph F Signorile
A reduction in executive function (EF) performance is a major factor associated with the loss of functional independence among older adults. Computer-based tests are commonly used to evaluate EF; however, these mouse or keyboard tests are upper limb dominant while most activities of daily living (ADL, e.g. crossing a street) are lower limb dominant. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of a newly developed walking EF test called the Walking Response and Inhibition Test (WRIT). The WRIT was validated by comparing its results a number of established computer-based tests and to an ADL-related test known to require EF, the Timed "Up & Go" Test (TUG)...
January 4, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061493/effects-of-percutaneous-sacroplasty-on-pain-and-mobility-in-sacral-insufficiency-fracture
#17
Kyung-Chul Choi, Seung-Ho Shin, Dong Chan Lee, Hyeong-Ki Shim, Choon-Keun Park
OBJECTIVE: Sacral insufficiency fracture (SIF) contributes to severe low back pain. Prolonged immobilization resulting from SIF can cause significant complications in the elderly. Sacroplasty, a treatment similar to vertebroplasty, has recently been introduced for providing pain relief in SIF. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical short-term effects of percutaneous sacroplasty on pain and mobility in SIF. METHODS: This study is conducted prospectively with data collection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060449/therapeutic-effects-of-drug-switching-between-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Yasuyuki Ohta, Mohamed Darwish, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Kota Sato, Mami Takemoto, Koji Abe
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of switching from one acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI), donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, to another in Alzheimer's disease patients. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 171 Alzheimer's disease patients, whose ChEI medication was changed. The patients were evaluated on three major aspects of dementia - cognitive, affective and activities of daily living (ADL) measures - at 6 months (M) before the drug switch, at the time of drug switch (baseline), and at 3 M and 6 M after the drug switch...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058515/relationship-between-tongue-strength-and-1-year-life-expectancy-in-elderly-people-needing-nursing-care
#19
Yuri Yajima, Takeshi Kikutani, Fumiyo Tamura, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida
Tongue strength is a useful indicator of oral function and has been found to decrease with aging and reduced physical functioning. The present study aimed to assess the relationships of tongue strength with physical function, mental function, and nutritional status, and also between these factors and 1-year outcomes, to determine whether tongue strength is related to life expectancy in elderly people needing nursing care. The subjects were 140 elderly individuals requiring needing nursing care (49 men and 91 women; ≥65 years)...
January 5, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053516/psychometric-properties-of-the-anxiety-inventory-for-respiratory-disease-in-patients-with-copd-in-china
#20
Xiao-Yan Dong, Lan Wang, Yan-Xia Tao, Xiu-Li Suo, Yue-Chuan Li, Fang Liu, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common comorbidity in patients with COPD in China, and it can significantly decrease patients' quality of life. Almost all anxiety measurements contain somatic items that can overlap with symptoms of COPD and side effects of medicines, which can lead to bias in measuring anxiety in patients with COPD. Therefore, a brief and disease-specific non-somatic anxiety measurement scale, the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease (AIR), which has been developed and validated in its English version, is needed for patients with COPD in China...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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