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Neonatal fever

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799220/c-reactive-protein-concentrations-can-help-to-determine-which-febrile-infants-under-three-months-should-receive-blood-cultures-during-influenza-seasons
#1
Weiran Li, Shuanghong Luo, Yu Zhu, Yang Wen, Min Shu, Chaomin Wan
AIM: We explored whether C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations could indicate which infants with fever without source (FWS) should receive undergo blood culture tests during influenza seasons. METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients under three months of age with FWS who had received blood culture tests at the West China Second University Hospital Paediatric Emergency Department during the influenza seasons from June 2013 to January 2015. The statistical analysis comprised: specificity, sensitivity, multilevel likelihood ratios, receiver operating characteristic analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model...
August 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775080/nephrolithisis-in-a-newborn-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature
#2
Kawaljit Singh, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Satyanarayan Sankhwar, Bimalesh Purkait
Nephrolithiasis, although a common entity in adults, is less common in children and rare in newborns. The evaluation and management strategies of renal stones in neonates are unclear. We report a rare scenario of renal calculus in a newborn aged 3 days presenting with decreased urine output, fever and crying during micturition. Patient was thoroughly investigated and managed conservatively. Further follow-up showed increase in stone size with recurrent urinary tract infections, hence shock wave lithotripsy was performed to successfully break and clear the stone fragments...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765207/visual-diagnosis-a-neonate-with-rash-and-fever
#3
Rebecca Shay, Wendy Hoffner, Deena Zeltser, Marcus Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764819/sex-composition-of-twins-and-associations-with-morbidity-mortality-and-maternal-treatment-seeking-outcomes-in-resource-poor-settings
#4
Rob Stephenson, Mondie Blalock Tharp, John Mark Wiginton, Nicholas Metheny
Societal gender inequality and a preference for male children has been shown to be detrimental to girls' health. This is despite females' innate biological advantage early in life. The negative effects of gender inequity on female health are most pronounced in resource-poor countries, where cultural norms supporting a preference for male children are strongest. However, most of what is known about gender inequality and child health comes from studies of singleton births. There is little evidence for how, or if, the disadvantages associated with gender bias and son preference extend to multiple births, a population inherently at risk for a number of health challenges...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728858/-dress-complicated-by-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-an-infant-treated-for-congenital-toxoplasmosis
#5
S Rioualen, J Dufau, C Flatres, P Lavenant, L Misery, J-M Roué
BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe disease that may be complicated by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis but this is rarely described in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 5-week old infant hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis with prolonged fever, splenomegaly, cytopenia, fibrinogen≤1.5g/L, ferritin≥500μg/L, and soluble IL-2 receptor≥2400U/mL...
July 17, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720723/profile-and-outcomes-of-critically-ill-children-in-a-lower-middle-income-country
#6
Muhammad Irfan Habib, Khalid Mehmood A Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical profile and outcome of critically ill children presenting to a paediatric ED in a lower middle-income country. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of children (<14 years) presenting to the ED of the National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, between January and December 2014 who were assigned to acuity 1 (requiring immediate life-saving interventions) according to the Emergency Severity Index. Data included demographic variables, presenting complaints, interventions and outcomes in the ED...
July 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720398/perinatal-and-neonatal-use-of-paracetamol-for-pain-relief
#7
REVIEW
Karel Allegaert, John N van den Anker
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the most widely used drug to treat pain or fever in pregnant women or neonates, but its pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) warrant a focused analysis. During pregnancy, there is an important increase in paracetamol clearance. Consequently, it is reasonable to anticipate that the analgesic effect of paracetamol will decrease faster, whereas higher doses may result in even higher oxidative toxic metabolites. Therefore, most peripartal PD data relate to multimodal analgesia strategies...
July 15, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697826/-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-chinese-neonates-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yi Liu, Bei Zhu, Lin Zhuo, Ming-Yu He, Yang Xu, Tong-Tong Wang, Qing-Qing Cai, Bin Hu, Ji-Cheng Xu, Wen-Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the major risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD) in Chinese neonates and to provide a reference for the prevention of CHD. METHODS: A literature search was performed to collect the case-control studies on the risk factors for CHD in Chinese neonates published in 2001-2016. The relevant data were extracted accordingly. The quality of included studies was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using different models to analyze the same data...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692184/traditional-empiric-antibiotic-treatment-is-still-effective-for-neonatal-fever
#9
Maytal Kristal, Vika Dor, Daniel Glikman
Fever may be the only sign of a serious bacterial infection (SBI) in neonates. Ampicillin plus cefotaxime (A+C) and ampicillin plus gentamicin (A+G) are commonly used as empiric therapies for Escherichia coli, Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and Listeria monocytogenes, which are the most likely neonatal SBI pathogens (1). Culture-based screening and prophylaxis has significantly lowered GBS infections and an alarming increase in the antimicrobial resistance rates of Gram-negative bacteria, including cefotaxime and gentamicin resistance, has been reported (1-3)...
July 10, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690994/delayed-diagnosis-of-22q11-deletion-syndrome-due-to-late-onset-hypocalcemia-in-a-11-year-old-girl-with-imperforated-anus
#10
Dong-Yoon Yoo, Hae Jung Kim, Kee Hyun Cho, Eun Byul Kwon, Eun-Gyong Yoo
Neonatal hypocalcemia and congenital heart defects has been known as the first clinical manifestation of the chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). However, because of its wide clinical spectrum, diagnosis of 22q11DS can be delayed in children without classic symptoms. We report the case of a girl with the history of imperforate anus but without neonatal hypocalcemia or major cardiac anomaly, who was diagnosed for 22q11DS at the age of 11 after the onset of overt hypocalcemia. She was born uneventfully from phenotypically normal Korean parents...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684143/what-s-new-in-clinical-obstetric-anesthesia-in-2015
#11
REVIEW
P E Hess
Each calendar year the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology invites an individual to conduct a review of the medical literature, identifying clinically relevant publications of interest to the obstetric anesthesia provider. This report of that effort covers the publications from 2015 and includes the categories of anesthesia and analgesia, complications of neuraxial procedures, and the effects of anesthesia on the fetus. Neuraxial procedures represent the foundation of obstetric anesthesia; advances in anesthesia and analgesia include novel modes of administration, and refinements in care of the medically complex patient...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681025/candidemia-in-patients-with-prolonged-fever-in-kashan-iran
#12
R Razzaghi, M Momen-Heravi, M Erami, M Nazeri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Candida species are considered a common cause of fungal blood stream infections, which are associated with considerable mortality and morbidity rates, especially in the admitted and immunocompromised patients. Despite the increase in new and available antifungal agents, the emergence of resistant strains is growing. Regarding this, the aim of the present study was to assess the fungal epide-miology of candidemia and the antifungal susceptibility patterns against five current antifungal agents among the patients with prolonged fever, who were admitted to Beheshti Educational Hospital, Kashan, Iran...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669620/prenatal-tdap-immunization-and-risk-of-maternal-and-newborn-adverse-events
#13
J Bradley Layton, Anne M Butler, Dongmei Li, Kim A Boggess, David J Weber, Leah J McGrath, Sylvia Becker-Dreps
Many countries recommend combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis immunization (Tdap) during pregnancy to stimulate transplacental transmission of pertussis antibodies to newborns. The immune system can be altered during pregnancy, potentially resulting in differing immunization risks in pregnant women. The safety of widespread Tdap immunization during pregnancy needs to be established. Our objective was to assess whether prenatal Tdap immunization was associated with adverse birth outcomes, and to evaluate the effect of timing of Tdap administration on these outcomes...
July 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646492/prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-risk-factors-for-perinatal-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
C Li, J K Miao, Y Xu, Y Y Hua, Q Ma, L L Zhou, H J Liu, Q X Chen
The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of published data to determine the significance of clinical factors and exposures to the risk of perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke (PAIS) and provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment. A comprehensive literature search of the PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases for relevant observational studies (cohort/case-control) from March 1984 to March 2016 was undertaken. Two review authors independently examined the full text records to determine which studies met the inclusion criteria and evaluated risk factors for PAIS...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644549/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-symptoms-and-course-of-dengue-infection-during-pregnancy
#15
Kavita Agarwal, Sunita Malik, Pratima Mittal
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes among pregnant women diagnosed with dengue infection. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the medical records of all pregnant women with dengue infection admitted to Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India, from July to December 2015 were reviewed. Maternal and fetal outcomes were compared by pregnancy length and stage of disease at diagnosis. RESULTS: Overall, 62 pregnant women with dengue infection were identified...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619364/outcome-of-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-children-with-heart-disease
#16
María Vázquez López, Pedro de Castro de Castro, Estibaliz Barredo Valderrama, Ma Concepción Miranda Herrero, Nuria Gil Villanueva, Andrés J Alcaraz Romero, Samuel I Pascual Pascual
Arterial ischemic strokes (AIS) are rare in childhood. Congenital and acquired heart diseases are one of the most important risk factors of AIS in children. OBJECTIVE: Study the outcome of children with heart disease that have suffered AIS and the factors that influence on prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated all children with heart disease who had suffered AIS between 2000 and 2014 in our hospital. RESULTS: Seventy-four children with heart disease suffered an arterial ischemic stroke...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607209/physical-growth-morbidity-profile-and-mortality-among-healthy-late-preterm-neonates
#17
Priyanka Gupta, Ritu Mital, Bimlesh Kumar, Ajeet Yadav, Mohit Jain, Amit Upadhyay
OBJECTIVE: To compare the physical growth outcomes, morbidity profile and mortality at an age of 12 months among late preterm (34 0/7to 36 6/7) neonates to term (37 0/7to 41 6/7) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary care center of Northern India during 2014-2015. PARTICIPANTS: 200 apparently healthy late preterms and term infants, followed up to 12 months of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physical growth parameters, morbidity profile and mortality...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603204/a-6-year-old-girl-diagnosed-with-mevalonate-kinase-deficiency-who-had-hydrops-fetalis-and-neonatal-onset-cholestasis
#18
Yuriko Yamashita, Shinsuke Matsumoto, Ryugo Hiramoto, Isao Komori, Takayuki Tanaka, Ryuta Nishikomori, Toshio Heike, Shuichiro Umetsu, Ayano Inui
  We experienced a 6-year-old girl diagnosed with mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) who had cholestasis, anemia, and elevated inflammatory markers in neonatal period. She was admitted to our hospital because of fever and elevated inflammatory markers at 5 years 11months of age. Without using antibiotics, the fever and the inflammatory markers were spontaneously resolved. MKD was suspected from elevated serum IgD level and the recurrent febrile attacks. The genetic test revealed heterozygous mutation of p...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597358/working-towards-an-appropriate-use-of-ibuprofen-in-children-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#19
REVIEW
Maurizio de Martino, Alberto Chiarugi, Attilio Boner, Giovanni Montini, Gianluigi L De' Angelis
Ibuprofen is the most widely used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for the treatment of inflammation, mild-to-moderate pain and fever in children, and is the only NSAID approved for use in children aged ≥3 months. Its efficacy and safety profile have led to its increasing use in paediatric care, even without medical prescription. However, an increase of suspected adverse reactions to ibuprofen has been noted in concomitance with the raised, often medically unsupervised, consumption of the drug...
August 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555553/efficacy-and-safety-of-foley-catheter-balloon-for-cervix-priming-in-term-pregnancy
#20
Catarina Policiano, Mariana Pimenta, Diana Martins, Nuno Clode
INTRODUCTION: Foley catheter promotes cervix priming by a direct mechanical effect of distension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary hospital, including all cases of induction of labor with Foley catheter between September 1, 2013 and November 30, 2015. Women were eligible if they had a singleton pregnancy with a Bishop score < 6 and a gestational age ≥ 41 weeks or a medical indication for induction of labor...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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