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Long-term survival of trauma patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112411/medial-sural-artery-as-a-salvage-recipient-vessel-for-complex-post-traumatic-microvascular-lower-limb-reconstruction
#1
Amresh Baliarsing, Shivprasad Date, Pedro Ciudad
BACKGROUND: Complex lower extremity trauma still poses a formidable challenge for micro vascular reconstruction. The extensive surrounding zone of trauma can make it difficult to find a suitable recipient pedicle for anastomosis. A need was felt for exploration of newer recipient vessels in lower extremity which could be harnessed for reliable and tension free micro anastomosis. The purpose of the present report is to highlight the possibility of using medial sural artery for safe micro vascular anastomosis in selected scenarios like vessel depleted extremity...
January 23, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088938/clinical-analysis-of-54-cases-of-large-area-soft-tissue-avulsion-in-the-lower-limb
#2
Yu Chen, Lei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical curative effect of different treatment methods for large area avulsion injury in the lower limb. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2013, 54 patients with large area avulsion injury in the lower limb were treated in the trauma center of our hospital, including 34 males and 20 females with a mean age of 35.7 years (range, 16-65 years). The injury mechanism was traffic accident in 44 cases, hitting by heavy objects in 8 cases, and fall from height in 2 cases, involving 31 thighs, 19 legs and 4 feet involved...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079652/long-term-survival-and-causes-of-late-death-in-children-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#3
Viktor von Bahr, Jan Hultman, Staffan Eksborg, Roxana Gerleman, Øyvind Enstad, Björn Frenckner, Håkan Kalzén
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used in patients with severe circulatory or respiratory failure since the 1970s, but the knowledge on long-term survival in this group is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the 10-year survival rates and causes of late death in children treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for extracorporeal life support...
January 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030710/association-of-radiologic-indicators-of-frailty-with-1-year-mortality-in-older-trauma-patients-opportunistic-screening-for-sarcopenia-and-osteopenia
#4
Stephen J Kaplan, Tam N Pham, Saman Arbabi, Joel A Gross, Mamatha Damodarasamy, Itay Bentov, Lisa A Taitsman, Steven H Mitchell, May J Reed
Importance: Assessment of physical frailty in older trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit is often not feasible using traditional frailty assessment instruments. The use of opportunistic computed tomography (CT) scans to assess sarcopenia and osteopenia as indicators of underlying frailty may provide complementary prognostic information on long-term outcomes. Objective: To determine whether sarcopenia and/or osteopenia are associated with 1-year mortality in an older trauma patient population...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013104/the-impact-of-nursing-delirium-preventive-innterventions-in-the-intensive-care-unit-underpin-icu-a-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-stepped-wedge-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Annelies Wassenaar, Paul Rood, Lisette Schoonhoven, Steven Teerenstra, Marieke Zegers, Peter Pickkers, Mark van den Boogaard
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common disorder in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients and is associated with serious short- and long-term consequences, including re-intubations, ICU readmissions, prolonged ICU and hospital stay, persistent cognitive problems, and higher mortality rates. Considering the high incidence of delirium and its consequences, prevention of delirium is imperative. This study focuses on a program of standardized nursing and physical therapy interventions to prevent delirium in the ICU, called UNDERPIN-ICU (nUrsiNg DEliRium Preventive INterventions in the ICU)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000272/initial-and-long-term-crestal-bone-responses-to-modern-dental-implants
#6
REVIEW
Tomas Albrektsson, Bruno Chrcanovic, Per-Olov Östman, Lars Sennerby
Successful osseointegration is the result of a controlled foreign body reaction to dental implants. Osseointegrated implants have demonstrated excellent long-term survivability, although they may be subject to limited marginal bone loss. Marginal bone loss during the first few years after implant placement seldom represents disease, but is instead the result of an adaptive bone response to surgical trauma and implant loading. It is not uncommon for implants with early marginal bone loss to enter a long-lasting state of bone stability...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918104/quality-of-life-following-trauma-before-and-after-implementation-of-a-physician-staffed-helicopter
#7
K S Funder, L S Rasmussen, R Hesselfeldt, V Siersma, N Lohse, A Sonne, S Wulffeld, J Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Implementation of a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (PS-HEMS) in Denmark was associated with lower 30-day mortality in severely injured trauma patients and less time on social subsidy. However, the reduced 30-day mortality in severely injured patients might be at the expense of a worse functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) in those who survive. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a physician-staffed helicopter on long-term QoL in trauma patients...
January 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915374/long-term-functional-and-radiological-outcomes-of-allograft-hip-prosthesis-composite-a-fourteen%C3%A2-year-follow-up-study
#8
Arnaud Dubory, Eric Mascard, Méryl Dahan, Philippe Anract, Charles Court, Stéphane Boisgard, Brice Viard, Gilles Missenard
PURPOSE: Allograft hip composite prosthesis (APC) is a type of reconstruction after resection of the proximal femur. This study aimed to assess long-term outcomes after an APC reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients were retrospectively included (14 revision total hip replacements, 30 primary malignant bone tumors, two metastasis). RESULTS: The mean length of femoral bone resection was 16.4 cm (7 to 27). With a mean follow-up of 14...
December 3, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911066/-conservative-management-of-liver-trauma-and-its-complications-current-gold-standard
#9
R Gander, J A Molino, S Santiago, A Laín, G Guillén, C Giné, G Royo, S López, M Pérez, I Díez, S Cañadas, J Lloret, J Bueno
INTRODUCTION: The liver is the second most frequently involved organ in abdominal trauma in children. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of liver traumas (LT) in children, its treatment and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with LT treated between 2010-2014. We analyzed data regarding diagnosis, conservative management (CM), complications and treatment. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients of LT with a mean age of 9...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885526/twelve-year-follow-up-of-penetrating-keratoplasty
#10
Takashi Ono, Sosuke Ishiyama, Takeshi Hayashidera, Yosai Mori, Ryohei Nejima, Kazunori Miyata, Shiro Amano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) according to the corneal disease diagnosis and the number of PKP procedures performed. METHODS: Five-hundred-and-nine eyes from 403 patients who underwent PKP at Miyata Eye Hospital in Japan from 1998 through 2014, were included in this study. Medical charts were retrospectively examined to ascertain the corneal disease diagnosis and the period of graft survival. Graft survival rates were compared among various corneal disease diagnoses and among the number of PKP procedures performed...
November 24, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797869/long-term-prognosis-after-out-of-hospital-resuscitation-of-cardiac-arrest-in-trauma-patients-prehospital-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
François-Xavier Duchateau, Sophie Hamada, Mathieu Raux, Matthieu Gay, Jean Mantz, Catherine Paugam Burtz, Tobias Gauss
BACKGROUND: Although prehospital cardiac arrest (CA) remains associated with poor long-term outcome, recent studies show an improvement in the survival rate after prehospital trauma associated CA (TCA). However, data on the long-term neurological outcome of TCA, particularly from physician-staffed Emergency Medical Service (EMS), are scarce, and results reported have been inconsistent. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of patients admitted to several trauma centres after a TCA...
January 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785660/long-term-impact-of-postoperative-complications-on-cancer-recurrence-following-lung-cancer-surgery
#12
Takashi Nojiri, Toshimitsu Hamasaki, Masayoshi Inoue, Yasushi Shintani, Yukiyasu Takeuchi, Hajime Maeda, Meinoshin Okumura
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications are associated with poor cancer-specific survival in various types of cancer surgery. Recent studies suggest that systemic inflammation induced by surgical trauma can accelerate the adhesion of circulating tumor cells to the vascular endothelium of distant organs, resulting in early cancer recurrence. We investigated the impact of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications on cancer recurrence following lung cancer surgery. METHODS: From a prospective database of 675 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for lung cancer between 2007 and 2012, the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications, white blood cell counts, and C-reactive protein levels were evaluated in the acute phase after surgery...
October 26, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766468/early-diffusion-restriction-of-white-matter-in-infants-with-small-subdural-hematomas-is-associated-with-delayed-atrophy
#13
Cameron A Elliott, Vijay Ramaswamy, Francois D Jacob, Tejas Sankar, Vivek Mehta
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. In these patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is the test of choice to describe the extent of microstructural injury. CASE PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION: In this case series, we describe novel acute and chronic MRI findings in four infants (6-19 months) with small, unilateral subdural hematomas in whom the etiology of head injury was suspicious for non-accidental trauma (NAT)...
October 20, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676777/intellectual-outcome-following-childhood-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-the-seven-year-follow-up-of-the-tge-cohort
#14
Mathilde Chevignard, Leila Francillette, Hanna Toure, Dominique Brugel, Philippe Meyer, Anne Laurent Vannier, Marion Opatowski, Laurence Watier
OBJECTIVE: Childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and lifelong acquired disability. The aim of this study was to prospectively study intellectual ability following childhood severe TBI over 7-8years post-injury, and factors influencing outcome and change over time. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children (0-15years) consecutively admitted in a single trauma center for severe non-inflicted TBI over a 3-year period were included in a prospective longitudinal study...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582764/minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-surgery
#15
Sebastiano Castrovinci, Sam Emmanuel, Marco Moscarelli, Giacomo Murana, Giuseppa Caccamo, Emanuela Clara Bertolino, Giuseppe Nasso, Giuseppe Speziale, Khalil Fattouch
Aortic valve disease is a prevalent disorder that affects approximately 2% of the general adult population. Surgical aortic valve replacement is the gold standard treatment for symptomatic patients. This treatment has demonstrably proven to be both safe and effective. Over the last few decades, in an attempt to reduce surgical trauma, different minimally invasive approaches for aortic valve replacement have been developed and are now being increasingly utilized. A narrative review of the literature was carried out to describe the surgical techniques for minimally invasive aortic valve surgery and report the results from different experienced centers...
September 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576933/acute-mental-disorders-and-short-and-long-term-morbidity-in-patients-with-third-degree-flame-burn-a-population-based-outcome-study-of-96-451-patients-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-nis-database-2001-2011
#16
Krishnaraj Mahendraraj, Diane M Durgan, Ronald S Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Although burn patients with preexisting mood disorders have been shown to have diminished clinical recovery, acute mental disorders (AMD) are often unrecognized despite a link with post-traumatic stress disorder and social maladjustment later on. This study assessed the clinical profile of a large cohort of burn patients who developed AMD compared to those with chronic mental illness (CMI) and those without mental health problems to assess the impact of AMI on burn outcomes...
December 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544291/pericardial-stentless-valve-for-aortic-valve-replacement-long-term-results
#17
Alberto Repossini, Theodor Fischlein, Giuseppe Santarpino, Christina Schäfer, Benjamin Claus, Bruno Passaretti, Lorenzo Di Bacco, Laura Giroletti, Gianluigi Bisleri, Claudio Muneretto, Herko Grubitzsch
BACKGROUND: The Freedom Solo (FS) bovine pericardial valve (Sorin Group, Milan, Italy) is a stentless bioprosthesis that was introduced in 2004 and approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in 2014. No long-term follow-up series are available to date. We report the multicenter experience of 4 European institutions that began implanting FS extensively from its introduction, providing the largest series with long-term follow-up. METHODS: From 2004 to 2009, 565 patients (242 women [42...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526852/complications-and-long-term-outcomes-after-open-surgery-for-traumatic-subaxial-cervical-spine-fractures-a-consecutive-series-of-303-patients
#18
Hege Linnerud Fredø, Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Mehran Rezai, Pål Rønning, Bjarne Lied, Eirik Helseth
BACKGROUND: Patient selection for surgical treatment of subaxial cervical spine fractures (S-CS-fx) may be challenging and is dependent on fracture morphology, the integrity of the discoligamentous complex, neurological status, comorbidity, risks of surgery and the expected long-term outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate complications and long-term outcomes in a consecutive series of 303 patients with S-CS-fx treated with open surgical fixation. METHODS: Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed...
August 15, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520785/severe-spastic-contractures-and-diabetes-mellitus-independently-predict-subsequent-minimal-trauma-fractures-among-long-term-care-residents
#19
Kuen Lam, Man Fuk Leung, Chi Wai Kwan, Joseph Kwan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the epidemiology of hypertonic contractures and its relationship with minimal trauma fracture (MTF), and to determine the incidence and predictors of (MTF) in long-term care residents. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal cohort study of prospectively collected data. Participants were followed from March 2007 to March 2016 or until death. SETTING: A 300-bed long-term care hospital in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: All long-term care residents who were in need of continuous medical and nursing care for their activities of daily living...
August 9, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510844/comparison-of-single-incision-and-conventional-multi-port-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-with-d2-lymph-node-dissection-for-gastric-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#20
Takeshi Omori, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, JeongHo Moon, Keijiro Sugimura, Hiroshi Miyata, Toru Masuzawa, Kentaro Kishi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Akira Tomokuni, Hirofumi Akita, Hidenori Takahashi, Syougo Kobayashi, Masayoshi Yasui, Masayuki Ohue, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery maximizes the advantages of laparoscopic surgery by reducing abdominal trauma; however, few comparative studies have addressed its role in gastric cancer. PURPOSE: This study sought to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (SLDG) with radical D2 lymphadenectomy by comparing its short- and long-term outcomes with those of conventional multi-port laparoscopic surgery (MLDG)...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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