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Long-term outcomes in trauma patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333423/long-term-outcomes-after-natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-versus-conventional-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-matched-case-control-study
#1
Jun Seok Park, Hyun Kang, Soo Yeun Park, Hye Jin Kim, In Taek Lee, Gyu-Seog Choi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of total laparoscopic surgery with Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) with those for conventional laparoscopy (CL)-assisted surgery for treating rectal cancers. Methods: We reviewed the prospectively collected records of 844 patients (163 NOSE and 681 CL) who underwent curative surgery for mid- or upper rectal cancers from January 2006 to November 2012. We applied propensity score analyses and compared oncological outcomes for the NOSE and CL groups in a 1:1 matched cohort...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325446/reduction-of-ptsd-symptoms-with-pre-reactivation-propranolol-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Alain Brunet, Daniel Saumier, Aihua Liu, David L Streiner, Jacques Tremblay, Roger K Pitman
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the efficacy of trauma memory reactivation performed under the influence of propranolol, a noradrenergic beta-receptor blocker, as a putative reconsolidation blocker, in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This was a 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in 60 adults diagnosed with long-standing PTSD. Propranolol or placebo was administered 90 minutes before a brief memory reactivation session, once a week for 6 consecutive weeks...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319648/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-for-hemorrhage-control-in-trauma-patients-an-evidence-based-review
#3
Molly Sambor
Traditionally, resuscitative efforts for uncontrolled noncompressible torso hemorrhage are achieved by cross-clamping the proximal aorta via thoracotomy to deliver temporary hemodynamic stability during injury repair. A less commonly used method of promoting early resuscitation and hemorrhagic control in trauma patients is resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). The focus of this literature review is to examine the effectiveness of REBOA in the management of noncompressible pelvic hemorrhage when compared with traditional methods of hemorrhage control in trauma patients...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315455/home-versus-in-patient-treatment-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#4
REVIEW
Richard Othieno, Emmanuel Okpo, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, which can occur after surgery, after trauma, or when a person has been immobile for a long time. Clots can dislodge and block blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism (PE)), causing death. DVT and PE are known by the term venous thromboembolism (VTE). Heparin (in the form of unfractionated heparin (UFH)) is a blood-thinning drug used during the first three to five days of DVT treatment...
January 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307224/-thoracic-aortic-stentgraft-implantations-in-hungary-from-2012-to-2016
#5
Daniele Mariastefano Fontanini, Gábor Fazekas, Gábor Vallus, György Juhász, Rita Váradi, Zsolt Kövesi, Márton Kolossváry, Zoltán Szeberin
Thoracic aortic endograft implantation has become a widespread procedure in recent years, yet no report is available about Hungarian outcomes. Examination of our results is crucial to define further treatment strategies. Analysis of perioperative data from Hungarian thoracic endograft implantations based on the experience of 5 years is presented. Our retrospective, multicentric study analysed voluntarily reported data from all Hungarian institutions where thoracic endograft implantations are performed. Information was collected from every procedure performed in 5 years...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299383/the-short-and-long-term-efficacy-analysis-of-stereotactic-surgery-combined-external-ventricular-drainage-in-the-treatment-of-the-secondary-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#6
Wei Yi Han, Ying Qun Tao, Feng Xu, You Qian Zhang, Zhi Yong Li, Guo Biao Liang
Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of minimally invasive stereotactic puncture therapy (MISPT) combined with external ventricular drainage (EVD) on secondary intraventricular hemorrhage (SIVH). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the patients of intraventricular hemorrhage from May 2013 to January 2015 was conducted in our hospital, according to the enrollment criterion; of which 40 patients were treated by MISPT combined with EVD (ME group) and 45 patients by conventional craniotomy combined with EVD (CE group)...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297385/tailoring-nutrition-therapy-to-illness-and-recovery
#7
REVIEW
Paul E Wischmeyer
Without doubt, in medicine as in life, one size does not fit all. We do not administer the same drug or dose to every patient at all times, so why then would we live under the illusion that we should give the same nutrition at all times in the continuum of critical illness? We have long lived under the assumption that critical illness and trauma lead to a consistent early increase in metabolic/caloric need, the so-called "hypermetabolism" of critical illness. What if this is incorrect? Recent data indicate that early underfeeding of calories (trophic feeding) may have benefits and may require consideration in well-nourished patients...
December 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286969/simultaneous-ipsilateral-dislocation-of-the-hip-and-the-knee-a-case-report
#8
Antonio Arenas Miquelez, Filippo Familiari, Lucas Arbeloa, Andrea D'Arrigo Azzarelli
CASE: A patient was struck by an agricultural vehicle and sustained ipsilateral hip and knee dislocations. Closed reduction of the hip was accomplished in the emergency department; the patient required general anesthesia in the operating room to reduce the knee dislocation. Nonoperative treatment was used for both injuries, with a good long-term outcome. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous ipsilateral hip and knee dislocations are rare and complex injuries that usually result from high-energy trauma...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284459/autotransplantation-of-mature-and-immature-third-molars-in-23-chinese-patients-a-clinical-and-radiological-follow-up-study
#9
Haozhe Tang, Zhengyan Shen, Minhong Hou, Ligeng Wu
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of autotransplanted teeth over a follow-up period of 2 to 8 years, and summarize the findings of other relevant studies with regard to the primary factors that influence a good prognosis in such patients. METHODS: Twenty-three patients (6 men, 17 women) who attended Tanggu Stomatological Hospital, Tianjin, China, from 2008 through 2013, were included in the study. These patients presented with a variety of dental problems, including tooth loss, residual crowns, missing first or second molars, dental trauma, tooth fracture, and unrestored teeth...
December 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274863/total-knee-arthroplasty-with-the-medial-pivot-knee-system-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-at-9-5-years-mean-follow-up
#10
M Dehl, Y Bulaïd, M Chelli, B Ramy, A Gabrion, E Havet, P Mertl
INTRODUCTION: The "ball-in-socket" design of the Medial-Pivot Knee System (MicroPort Orthopedics, Arlington, Tennessee, USA) aims to reproduce normal knee kinematics by medializing its rotational axis. The goal of this study was to measure knee range of motion (ROM) with this implant after a mean follow-up of 10 years and to report the survivorship and long-term clinical and radiological outcomes. We hypothesized the prosthetic knee would have at least 120 flexion at 10 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was retrospective, single-centre study of 74 Medial-Pivot knees implanted in 71 patients (average age of 69 years) between May 2005 and November 2007...
December 21, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260897/coccydynia-could-age-trauma-and-body-mass-index-be-independent-prognostic-factors-for-outcomes-of-intervention
#11
P Kodumuri, S Raghuvanshi, R Bommireddy, Z Klezl
Introduction The aetiology of coccydynia can be multifactorial, with several associated factors such as obesity, female gender and low mood. The long-term results of operative interventions, such as manipulation under anaesthesia and coccygectomy are variable, ranging from 63-90%. Materials and methods Our aim was to identify whether age, trauma and body mass index (BMI) were independent prognostic factors in coccydynia treatment. All patients who presented to the Royal Derby Hospital with a primary diagnosis of coccydynia between January 2011 and January 2015 who had injections, manipulation under anaesthesia or coccygectomy were included...
January 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260112/persistent-pseudomyopia-following-a-whiplash-injury-in-a-previously-emmetropic-woman
#12
Fintan E Hughes, Maxwell P Treacy, Emma S Duignan, Paul B Mullaney
Purpose: Accommodative spasm, which manifests as ciliary muscle spasm, convergent strabismus or miosis, is a recognised consequence of head trauma. In whiplash cases, cervical spine hyperextension poses a risk of contra-coup injury and brainstem trauma, and is known to affect the visual system. However, to date, no cases of accommodative spasm due to whiplash injury have been reported. Observations: We present the case of a 34-year-old female who developed sudden onset blurred distance vision after a rear impact car crash, having previously been emmetropic...
December 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239310/micrornas-as-diagnostic-markers-and-therapeutic-targets-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
REVIEW
Bridget Martinez, Philip V Peplow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by primary damage to the brain from the external mechanical force and by subsequent secondary injury due to various molecular and pathophysiological responses that eventually lead to neuronal cell death. Secondary brain injury events may occur minutes, hours, or even days after the trauma, and provide valuable therapeutic targets to prevent further neuronal degeneration. At the present time, there is no effective treatment for TBI due, in part, to the widespread impact of numerous complex secondary biochemical and pathophysiological events occurring at different time points following the initial injury...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233607/the-concept-of-frailty-in-intensive-care
#14
Fakhri Athari, Ken M Hillman, Steven A Frost
Our population is ageing and this is also reflected in the ageing of the hospital and intensive care population. Along with ageing, there is also an increase in age-related chronic health conditions or co-morbidities, which in turn affects the patient's functional state. There is an increasing need to describe a patient's clinical condition in terms of their functional capacity, such as frailty. Frailty is an age-related syndrome which reduces physiological and cognitive reserves. As a result, frailty increases people's vulnerability to insults such as infection and trauma...
December 9, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226207/open-anterior-hip-dislocation-in-a-child-a-rare-mechanism-of-injury
#15
Ali A Esmailiejah, Mohammadreza Abbasian, Farshad Safdari, Sufian S Ahmad
Traumatic anterior dislocation of the hip is an extremely rare condition in children and open dislocation is even rarer. This isusually caused by high-energy trauma. In the current study, we present a case of an eight-year-old child suffering from an open anterior-inferior dislocation of the right hip concomitant with pelvic ring disruption and an ipsilateral open distal femoral fracture (Salter-Harris type 4, Gustilo type IIIA) caused by a traffic accident. The patient underwent successful emergent open reduction due to the buttonholed femoral head after appropriate irrigation and debridement...
September 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217442/posterior-approach-for-revascularization-in-blunt-popliteal-vessel-injury
#16
Vladimir Makaloski, Arno Stellmes, Doerte Wyss, Salome Weiss, Daniel Becker, Thomas R Wyss, Juerg Schmidli
BACKGROUND: Popliteal vessel injuries are associated with traumatic knee injury often requiring emergency revascularization. Medial and posterior approaches to the popliteal space have been proposed. This study evaluates the outcome of patients treated for traumatic popliteal vessel injuries via a posterior approach. METHODS: Consecutive patients with traumatic vascular injuries in the popliteal segments II and III undergoing surgical repair via a posterior approach between October 2008 and December 2016 were analyzed...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215581/stress-induced-hyperglycemia-in-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-to-explore-the-definition-based-on-the-trauma-registry-data
#17
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Pao-Jen Kuo, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: The diagnosis of diabetic hyperglycemia (DH) does not preclude a diabetes patient from having a stress-induced hyperglycemic response. This study aimed to define the optimal level of elevated glucose concentration for determining the occurrence of stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH) in patients with diabetes. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the data of all hospitalized trauma patients, in a Level I trauma center, from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2016. Only adult patients aged ≥20 years, with available data on serum glucose and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels upon admission, were included in the study...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208449/surgical-treatment-of-thoracic-spinal-tuberculosis-a-multi-center-retrospective-study
#18
Wenjie Wu, Jingtong Lyu, Xun Liu, Fei Luo, TianYong Hou, Qiang Zhou, Zhilin Li, Yuan Chen, Li Tao Li, Yonghong Zheng, Gaoju Wang, Jianzhong Xu, Zehua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim present multicenter retrospective study is to assess safety and effectiveness of different surgery strategy in thoracic tuberculosis, and to provide a reference for surgical treatment of thoracic tuberculosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 394 patients with thoracic tuberculosis who were treated in six institution between January 2000 and January 2015. There were 208 males and 186 females with average ages of 34.92±13.14 years (range 5-76 years)...
December 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#19
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196309/low-energy-atypical-femoral-shaft-and-ipsilateral-neck-fracture-a-rare-association
#20
Chrisropher Peake, Alex Trompeter
This reports a case of a low-energy ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fracture in a 69-year-old woman with vitamin D deficiency, who was taking long-term steroids and bisphosphonates. This is a fracture more commonly associated with a high-energy trauma. However, with an ageing global population and an increasing prevalence of bone insufficiency, we predict the incidence of this presentation to increase. Long-term bisphosphonate therapy has been associated with bone insufficiency and an increased rate of delayed union, adding to the complexity of management in these patients...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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