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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646548/targeted-calorie-message-promotes-healthy-beverage-consumption-better-than-charity-incentive
#1
Peggy Policastro, Taylor Palm, Janet Schwartz, Gretchen Chapman
OBJECTIVE: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is cited as a major contributor to the U.S. obesity epidemic. The objective of this paper was to leverage insights from behavioral economics to examine whether nudges would entice college students to save meal calories by choosing water over SSBs. METHODS: Three message-based nudge interventions, with washout periods between, were used during the 7-week study. Calorie savings (self-interest), charity (prosocial), or charity-plus-calorie message posters were displayed in a college-based food franchise...
June 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641475/care-and-not-wealth-is-a-predictor-of-wasting-and-stunting-of-the-coffee-kids-of-jimma-zone-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: The generation of cash from agricultural products is the mainstay of the livelihood of many households in developing countries. However, critics of cash cropping have highlighted its influence on dietary diversity and availability of food at the household level, eroding the potential for optimal child caring practices. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in three randomly selected coffee-producing districts of Jimma Zone in southwest Ethiopia...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636674/behavior-change-communication-activities-improve-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-knowledge-and-practice-of-neighboring-non-participants-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#3
John Hoddinott, Ishita Ahmed, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on infant and young child nutrition knowledge and practice of mothers who were neighbors of mothers participating in a nutrition Behavior Change Communication (BCC) intervention in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 300 mothers whose neighbor participated in a nutrition BCC intervention and 600 mothers whose neighbor participated in an intervention that did not include BCC. We constructed measures capturing mothers' knowledge of infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) and measures of food consumption by children 6-24m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631878/gas-swallow-during-meals-in-patients-with-excessive-belching
#4
N Caballero, J Serra
BACKGROUND: Swallowed gas is an important source of abdominal gas, and aerophagia is often believed as a putative cause of gas-related abdominal symptoms. However, altered gas-swallow during meals has not been demonstrated. Our aim was to characterize the number of gas swallows during meals in patients complaining of excessive belching and gaseousness and a control group without abdominal symptoms during a 24-h period. METHODS: A 24-h pH-impedance monitoring was performed in 10 patients with excessive belching, and 11 patients without digestive symptoms or reflux in the pH-impedance study...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#5
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627203/association-between-meal-intake-behavior-and-blood-pressure-in-spanish-adults
#6
Kristin Keller, Santiago Rodríguez López, Margarita Carmenate Moreno
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Eating frequency has been suggested to modify blood pressure. Yet, the results are inconclusive, possibly because eating frequency, particularly meal intake behavior (MIB), does not differentiate between meals and snacks. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the association between more specific MIBs, like the consumption of the three main meals, the intake of forenoon and afternoon meals and snacking between the regular meals, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627064/effects-of-isoenergetic-quantities-of-a-low-starch-muesli-feed-high-in-fat-and-fibre-vs-oat-grains-on-the-glycemic-and-insulinemic-responses-and-feed-intake-patterns-in-sport-ponies
#7
M Bochnia, C Schürer, J Gottschalk, A Einspanier, D Hillegeist, M Wensch-Dorendorf, J M Greef, M Glatter, A Zeyner
Aim of this study was to compare glycemic and insulinemic responses and feed intake patterns in sport ponies after feeding isoenergetic quantities of low-starch muesli feed high in fat and fibre (FF) or oat grains (OG). Six sport ponies were randomly assigned to one of these two treatment groups for 2 × 3 weeks according to a crossover-design. Ponies received two equal meals/day of either semi-crushed OG (1 g starch/kg bwt*meal(-1) ) or an isoenergetic quantity of FF. Hay was also given in two equal meals/day and provided the remaining metabolisable energy up to 1...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627056/feed-intake-patterns-of-sport-ponies-and-warmblood-horses-following-iso-energetic-intake-of-pelleted-fibre-rich-mixed-feed-muesli-feed-and-semicrushed-oat-grains
#8
M Bochnia, M Boesel, L Bahrenthien, M Wensch-Dorendorf, A Zeyner
The aim of the study was to compare diverse feed intake patterns in sport ponies and warmblood-type horses after feeding iso-energetic amounts of three different concentrates: a pelleted fibre-rich mixed feed (PF), a muesli feed (MF) and semicrushed oat grains (OG). Four sport ponies and six warmblood-type horses received the concentrates and meadow hay according to maintenance (0.52 MJ metabolizable energy (ME) kg body weight (BW)(0.75) /day). Both breeds were allocated at random to three groups and received once daily for 8 days either OG (1 g starch/kg BW/meal) or iso-energetic quantities of PF and MF according to a crossover design...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624930/basal-and-bolus-insulin-dose-changes-after-switching-basal-insulin-to-insulin-degludec-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes%C3%A2-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#9
Yoshiyuki Hamamoto, Sachiko Honjo, Kanta Fujimoto, Shinsuke Tokumoto, Hiroki Ikeda, Yoshiharu Wada, Hiroyuki Koshiyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultra-long-acting insulin degludec (DEG) has a longer duration of action and less daily variability relative to other basal insulin (BI), and thus may benefit patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We examined the impact of switching BI to DEG on glycemic control and insulin dose in T1DM. METHODS: T1DM patients (n = 22; six male; mean age: 64.5 ± 12.6 years) receiving basal-bolus insulin therapy were included. Initially, the BI dose was replaced with DEG in a 1:1 ratio; 80-100% of the total dose was replaced with DEG for multiple basal insulin injections...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623747/results-of-a-national-survey-of-high-frequency-fish-consumers-in-the-united-states
#10
Katherine von Stackelberg, Miling Li, Elsie Sunderland
Exposure to contaminants in fish may be associated with adverse health outcomes even as fish consumption is generally considered beneficial. Risk assessments conducted to support regulatory analyses rely on quantitative fish consumption estimates. Here we report the results of a national survey of high-frequency fish consumers (n = 2099) based on a survey population statistically representative of ~17.6 million U.S. individuals consuming three or more fish meals per week. The survey was conducted during 2013 using an on-line survey instrument...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623340/adenovirus-mediated-suppression-of-hypothalamic-glucokinase-affects-feeding-behavior
#11
Romina María Uranga, Carola Millán, María José Barahona, Antonia Recabal, Magdiel Salgado, Fernando Martinez, Patricio Ordenes, Roberto Elizondo-Vega, Fernando Sepúlveda, Elena Uribe, María de Los Ángeles García-Robles
Glucokinase (GK), the hexokinase involved in glucosensing in pancreatic β-cells, is also expressed in arcuate nucleus (AN) neurons and hypothalamic tanycytes, the cells that surround the basal third ventricle (3V). Several lines of evidence suggest that tanycytes may be involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Tanycytes have extended cell processes that contact the feeding-regulating neurons in the AN, particularly, agouti-related protein (AgRP), neuropeptide Y (NPY), cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604353/does-eating-out-make-elderly-people-depressed-empirical-evidence-from-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-in-taiwan
#12
Hung-Hao Chang, Kannika Saeliw
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the association between eating out and depressive symptoms among elderly people. Potential mediators that may link to elderly eating out and depressive symptoms are also discussed. METHODS: A unique dataset of 1,184 individuals aged 65 and older was drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2008 in Taiwan. A bivariate probit model and an instrumental variable probit model were estimated to account for correlated, unmeasured factors that may be associated with both the decision and frequency of eating out and depressive symptoms in the elderly...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587669/ivermectin-treated-cattle-reduces-blood-digestion-egg-production-and-survival-of-a-free-living-population-of-anopheles-arabiensis-under-semi-field-condition-in-south-eastern-tanzania
#13
Issa N Lyimo, Stella T Kessy, Kasian F Mbina, Ally A Daraja, Ladslaus L Mnyone
BACKGROUND: Anopheles arabiensis feed on cattle and contributes to residual transmission of malaria in areas with high coverage of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying in East Africa. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ivermectin-treated cattle as a complementary vector control tool against population of An. arabiensis under the semi-field conditions in south-eastern Tanzania. METHODS: The free-living population of An. arabiensis was allowed to forage on untreated or ivermectin-treated cattle in alternating nights within the semi-field system in south-eastern Tanzania...
June 6, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584775/evaluation-of-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-of-institutionalized-intellectually-disabled-individuals-in-lebanon
#14
Hicham A Diab, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Fouad Ayoub
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: No reported data is available on the periodontal health and treatment needs of the intellectually disabled in Lebanon. To evaluate the periodontal condition and treatment needs of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 272 individuals (141 males and 131 females) aged 15 years and 35-44 years were examined. Periodontal health was recorded following the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN), and treatment need was assigned accordingly...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584403/increase-of-transient-lower-esophageal-sphincter-relaxation-associated-with-cascade-stomach
#15
Akiyo Kawada, Motoyasu Kusano, Hiroko Hosaka, Shiko Kuribayashi, Yasuyuki Shimoyama, Osamu Kawamura, Junichi Akiyama, Masanobu Yamada, Masako Akuzawa
We previously reported that cascade stomach was associated with reflux symptoms and esophagitis. Delayed gastric emptying has been believed to initiate transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR). We hypothesized that cascade stomach may be associated with frequent TLESR with delayed gastric emptying. Eleven subjects with cascade stomach and 11 subjects without cascade stomach were enrolled. Postprandial gastroesophageal manometry and gastric emptying using a continuous (13)C breath system were measured simultaneously after a liquid test meal...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580281/glucagon-like-peptide-2-promotes-gallbladder-refilling-via-a-tgr5-independent-glp-2r-dependent-pathway
#16
Bernardo Yusta, Dianne Matthews, Grace B Flock, John R Ussher, Brigitte Lavoie, Gary M Mawe, Daniel J Drucker
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptides (GLPs) are secreted from enteroendocrine cells in response to nutrients and bile acids and control metabolism via actions on structurally-related yet distinct G protein coupled receptors. GLP-1 regulates gut motility, appetite, islet function, and glucose homeostasis, whereas GLP-2 enhances intestinal nutrient absorption. GLP-1R agonists are used to treat diabetes and obesity, and a GLP-2R agonist is approved to treat short bowel syndrome. Unexpectedly, reports of gallbladder disease have been associated with the use of both GLP-1R and GLP-2R agonists and after bariatric surgery, although the mechanisms remain unknown...
June 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573263/risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#17
Hui Bin Sun, Wei Zhang, Xiao Bin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To analyse factors associated with the susceptibility of early childhood caries (ECC), populations with a high risk of ECC were screened and guidance for ECC prevention was proposed. METHODS: A total of 392 children aged 24 to 71 months were selected for oral examination in Qingdao. Parents or guardians of the participants completed the questionnaires and decayed missing filled surface (dmfs) were recorded. Differences in caries condition and oral health behaviour in different families were compared...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572070/class-and-eating-family-meals-in-britain
#18
Ewa Jarosz
This paper examines social differentiation in eating patterns in Britain. It focuses on family meals among individuals with under-age children. Eating with family members has been associated with improvement in wellbeing, nutritional status, and school performance of the children. Modern lifestyles may pose a challenge to commensal eating for all groups, but the scale of the impact varies between social classes, with some groups at higher risk of shortening or skipping family meal time. Eating patterns are differentiated by individual's social class; they have also been associated with educational attainment, work schedules, and household composition...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570423/effectiveness-of-a-dietary-support-program-based-on-behavior-analysis-approach-for-patients-with-crohn-disease
#19
Maya Nunotani
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a dietary support program for patients with Crohn disease based on behavior analysis and designed to maintain remission and improve satisfaction with meals. The core of the program consisted of self-monitoring by patients and evaluation by a healthcare professional. The 32-week program consisted of a 4-week baseline period, 20-week intervention period, and 8-week follow-up period. Participants filled out questionnaires measuring outcomes every 4 weeks, for a total of nine questionnaires per patient...
May 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566122/necrotizing-enterocolitis-classification-and-two-initial-steps-towards-prevention
#20
Sandra Meinich Juhl
The premature infant suffers from immaturity of all organ systems, one of them being the gastrointestinal tract. When the infant is born, the immature gastrointestinal tract is exposed to milk and simultaneously colonized by high densities of bacteria. The combination of milk, microbiota and an immature gut, leaves the infant vulnerable to developing the dreaded intestinal emergency necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). NEC is often very aggressive and no cure exists, which means that prevention is an utmost important topic to researchers, physicians, parents - and infants...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
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