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Meal frequency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340302/does-the-type-of-activity-break-from-prolonged-sitting-differentially-impact-on-post-prandial-blood-glucose-reductions-an-exploratory-analysis
#1
Robyn N Larsen, Paddy C Dempsey, Francis Dillon, Megan Grace, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan
Frequent breaks in prolonged sitting are associated beneficially with glycaemic control. However, the contribution of energy expenditure to these relationships has not been well characterised. In this exploratory analysis, data from three laboratory trials that standardised test meals, cohort characteristics (overweight/obese, sedentary), and break frequency and duration were pooled. Higher energy expenditures of different types of breaks (standing, light- or moderate-intensity walking) were associated with lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses in a dose-dependent manner...
March 24, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330733/what-do-children-eat-in-the-summer-a-direct-observation-of-summer-day-camps-that-serve-meals
#2
Erica L Kenney, Rebekka M Lee, Carolyn J Brooks, Angie L Cradock, Steven L Gortmaker
BACKGROUND: More than 14 million children in the United States attend summer camp annually, yet little is known about the food environment in day camps. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the nutritional quality of meals served to, brought by, and consumed by children attending summer day camps serving meals and snacks, and to describe camp water access. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTINGS: Participants were 149 children attending five summer camps in Boston, MA, in 2013...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327814/the-development-of-panstrongylus-herreri-under-fluctuating-environmental-conditions
#3
Edson Franzim, Maria Tays Mendes, Ana Carolina Borella Marfil Anhê, Afonso Pelli, Marcos Vinicius Silva, Virmondes Rodrigues, Helioswilton Sales-Campos, Carlo Jose Freire Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Panstrongylus herreri is a main Chagas disease vector, and its success as a vector stems from its ability to establish domiciliated colonies; we aimed to explore its biology and reproduction. METHODS: The average amount of blood ingested and the time from the beginning of a blood meal to the production of feces were recorded. RESULTS: Females exhibited a higher blood ingestion rate than males, but similar defecation times and frequencies were observed...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321131/does-activation-of-midbrain-dopamine-neurons-promote-or-reduce-feeding
#4
L Boekhoudt, T J M Roelofs, J W de Jong, A E de Leeuw, M C M Luijendijk, I G Wolterink-Donselaar, G van der Plasse, R A H Adan
BACKGROUND: Dopamine (DA) signalling in the brain is necessary for feeding behaviour, and alterations in the DA system have been linked to obesity. However, the precise role of DA in the control of food intake remains debated. On the one hand, food reward and motivation are associated with enhanced DA activity. On the other hand, psychostimulant drugs that increase DA signalling suppress food intake. This poses the questions of how endogenous DA neuronal activity regulates feeding, and whether enhancing DA neuronal activity would either promote or reduce food intake...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315420/eating-behaviour-is-associated-with-eating-frequency-and-food-consumption-in-6-8-year-old-children-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#5
H Jalkanen, V Lindi, U Schwab, S Kiiskinen, T Venäläinen, L Karhunen, T A Lakka, A M Eloranta
The association between eating behaviour and dietary factors has been studied narrowly in children. Therefore, we investigated whether eating frequency and food consumption are influenced by eating behaviour in a population sample of 406 children aged 6-8 years. We assessed features of eating behaviour by the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and dietary factors by a 4-day food record. The results showed that enjoyment of food was directly associated with a number of main meals (p = 0.041) and consumption of vegetables (p = 0...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#6
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302140/nighttime-eating-and-breast-cancer-among-chinese-women-in-hong-kong
#7
Mengjie Li, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-Cheong Chan, Chi-Hei Kwok, Siu-Lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Wai-Cho Yu, Priscilla Ming-Yi Lee, Koon-Ho Tsang, Sze-Hong Law, Roel Vermeulen, Fangyi Gu, Neil E Caporaso, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu, Feng Wang, Xiaohong Rose Yang
BACKGROUND: A novel line of research suggests that eating at nighttime may have several metabolic consequences that are highly relevant to breast cancer. We investigated the association between nighttime eating habits after 10 p.m. and breast cancer in Hong Kong women. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2012-2015. A total of 922 patients with incident breast cancer (cases) and 913 hospital controls were recruited and interviewed using a standard questionnaire including information on eating behavior during both daytime and nighttime...
March 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290813/-causes-of-angina-pectoris-in-survivors-of-myocardial-infarction-and-the-role-of-optimization-of-antianginal-therapy-data-of-the-linkor-study-e
#8
M G Glezer, E I Astashkin On Behalf Of The Linkor Study Investigators
AIM: to analyze causes of attacks of angina pectoris and assess impact of optimization of antianginal therapy on frequency of attacks provoked by various factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We analyzed diaries of 1226 survivors of myocardial infarction (MI) which occurred within 12months before inclusion in the LINKOR program. Causes of pain and their changes with correction of antianginal therapy were registered during 16 weeks of follow-up. RESULTS: Participants of the study indicated the following factors as causes of pain: physical exertion (74...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283217/adolescents-with-at-risk-eating-and-lifestyle-behaviors-are-affected-by-after-school-schedules-across-the-clinical-weight-spectrum
#9
Leanna F Perez, Carla K Miller, Judith A Groner
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate adolescent lifestyle patterns to develop more effective health promotion programs. METHODS: An interview approach was employed to gain in-depth understanding of eating and activity behaviors. Adolescents aged 13-18 years (n=43) from clinically normal and obese weight categories were enrolled. Nutrient intake and food group servings were obtained from a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: Four participant subgroups were identified and labeled: "Idle, Engaged, Balanced and Working...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282378/the-socio-economic-drivers-of-bushmeat-consumption-during-the-west-african-ebola-crisis
#10
Isabel Ordaz-Németh, Mimi Arandjelovic, Lukas Boesch, Tsegaye Gatiso, Trokon Grimes, Hjalmar S Kuehl, Menladi Lormie, Colleen Stephens, Clement Tweh, Jessica Junker
Bushmeat represents an important source of animal protein for humans in tropical Africa. Unsustainable bushmeat hunting is a major threat to wildlife and its consumption is associated with an increased risk of acquiring zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola virus disease (EVD). During the recent EVD outbreak in West Africa, it is likely that human dietary behavior and local attitudes toward bushmeat consumption changed in response to the crisis, and that the rate of change depended on prevailing socio-economic conditions, including wealth and education...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277174/microscopic-recognition-and-identification-of-fish-meal-in-compound-feeds
#11
L W D van Raamsdonk, T W Prins, N van de Rhee, J J M Vliege, V G Z Pinckaers
Fish meal is an accepted ingredient in compound feed. Unauthorised application is primarily enforced by visual inspection, i.e., microscopy. In order to document the visually available diversity, fragments of bones and scales of 17 teleost fish species belonging to seven different orders were investigated for their diversity in the presence of structural elements: lacunae and canaliculae in bone fragments and type of growth rings and teeth of scale fragments. Despite the classical division into cellular bones and acellular bones of teleost fish, i...
February 22, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276907/dietary-sources-of-polyphenols-in-the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-aging-and-lifestyle-meal-study-cohort
#12
Justyna Godos, Stefano Marventano, Antonio Mistretta, Fabio Galvano, Giuseppe Grosso
The aim of this study was to estimate the dietary intake and major food sources of polyphenols in the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Aging and Lifestyles (MEAL) study cohort. A total of 1937 individuals (18 + y) of urban population of Catania, Italy, completed a validated 110-item food frequency questionnaire; Phenol-Explorer database was used to estimate polyphenol intake. Mean intake of polyphenols was 663.7 mg/d; the most abundant classes were phenolic acids (362.7 mg/d) and flavonoids (258.7 mg/d)...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275868/comparison-of-meal-patterns-across-five-european-countries-using-standardized-24-h-recall-globodiet-data-from-the-efcoval-project
#13
Min Kyung Park, Heinz Freisling, Ena Huseinovic, Anna Winkvist, Inge Huybrechts, Sandra Patricia Crispim, Jeanne H M de Vries, Anouk Geelen, Maryse Niekerk, Caroline van Rossum, Nadia Slimani
PURPOSE: To examine meal patterns in terms of frequency and circadian timing of eating in five European countries participating in the EFCOVAL project. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 559 men and women, aged 44-65 years, were recruited in Belgium, the Czech Republic, France (Southern part), The Netherlands, and Norway. Dietary data were collected by trained interviewers using standardized computerised 24-h recalls (GloboDiet). Means ± SE of (1) eating frequency, (2) overnight fasting, and (3) time between eating occasions were estimated by country using means from 2 days of 24-h recalls...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262433/evaluation-of-hand-hygiene-compliance-and-associated-factors-with-a-radio-frequency-identification-based-real-time-continuous-automated-monitoring-system
#14
J-C Dufour, P Reynier, S Boudjema, A Soto Aladro, R Giorgi, P Brouqui
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is a major means for preventing healthcare-associated infections. One critical point in understanding poor compliance is the lack of relevant markers used to monitor practices systematically. METHODS: This study analysed hand hygiene compliance and associated factors with a radio-frequency-identification-based real-time continuous automated monitoring system in an infectious disease ward with 17 single bedrooms. Healthcare workers (HCWs) were tracked while performing routine care over 171 days...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259806/awake-long-term-intranasal-insulin-treatment-does-not-affect-object-memory-odor-discrimination-or-reversal-learning-in-mice
#15
Genevieve A Bell, Debra Ann Fadool
Intranasal insulin delivery is currently being used in clinical trials to test for improvement in human memory and cognition, and in particular, for lessening memory loss attributed to neurodegenerative diseases. Studies have reported the effects of short-term intranasal insulin treatment on various behaviors, but less have examined long-term effects. The olfactory bulb contains the highest density of insulin receptors in conjunction with the highest level of insulin transport within the brain. Previous research from our laboratory has demonstrated that acute insulin intranasal delivery (IND) enhanced both short- and long-term memory as well as increased two-odor discrimination in a two-choice paradigm...
March 2, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249018/meal-frequency-patterns-and-glycemic-properties-of-maternal-diet-in-relation-to-preterm-delivery-results-from-a-large-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Linda Englund-Ögge, Bryndis Eva Birgisdottir, Verena Sengpiel, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Margareta Haugen, Ronny Myhre, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Bo Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits are linked to high maternal glucose levels, associated with preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between meal frequency and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm delivery. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 66,000 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Meal frequency and food intake data were obtained from a validated food frequency questionnaire during mid-pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242429/television-home-cooked-meals-and-family%C3%A2-meal-frequency-associations-with%C3%A2-adult%C3%A2-obesity
#17
Rachel Tumin, Sarah E Anderson
BACKGROUND: Adults, regardless of whether they are parents, regularly eat meals with family at home, but few studies have analyzed large, population-based samples to examine how mealtime practices or family meal frequency are associated with health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between the frequency of family meals eaten at home, watching television or videos during family meals, and consumption of meals that were cooked and eaten at home and the odds of being obese in adults...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238299/eating-frequency-in-relation-to-bmi-in-very-young-children-a-longitudinal-analysis
#18
Rachael W Taylor, Ella Iosua, Anne-Louise M Heath, Andrew R Gray, Barry J Taylor, Julie A Lawrence, Maha Hanna, Sonya L Cameron, Rachel Sayers, Barbara Galland
OBJECTIVE: Eating less frequently is associated with increased obesity risk in older children but data are potentially confounded by reverse causation, where bigger children eat less often in an effort to control their weight. Longitudinal data, particularly in younger children, are scarce. We aimed to determine whether eating frequency (meals and snacks) at 2 years of age is associated with past, current or subsequent BMI. DESIGN: Cohort analysis of a randomised controlled trial...
February 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#19
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225910/products-purchased-from-family-farming-for-school-meals-in-the-cities-of-rio-grande-do-sul
#20
Daniele Ferigollo, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten, Dienifer Heckler, Oscar Agustín Torres Figueredo, Julian Perez-Cassarino, Rozane Márcia Triches
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the adequacy profile of the cities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in relation to the purchase of products of family farming by the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE - National Program of School Meals). METHODS: This is a quantitative descriptive study, with secondary data analysis (public calls-to-bid). The sample consisted of approximately 10% (n = 52) of the cities in the State, establishing a representation by mesoregion and size of the population...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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