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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767425/increased-chewing-reduces-energy-intake-but-not-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-in-healthy-weight-and-overweight-young-adults
#1
Montinee Borvornparadorn, Vasana Sapampai, Chunya Champakerdsap, Wipawee Kurupakorn, Suwimol Sapwarobol
AIM: This randomised cross-over design study aimed to investigate different chewing activities between healthy weight and overweight individuals and to determine the effect of chewing on energy intake and postprandial plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. METHODS: Forty-one participants were classified into healthy weight and overweight groups according to body mass index (BMI). In Phase I, bite size (g/bite), bite rate (bites/minutes), chewing frequency (chews/minutes) and chews (chews/g food) were recorded after a sandwich breakfast...
May 16, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759093/validation-of-a-novel-image-weighed-technique-for-monitoring-food-intake-and-estimation-of-portion-size-in-hospital-settings-a-pilot-study
#2
Kwabena T Ofei, Bent E Mikkelsen, Rudolf A Scheller
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition for hospital patients is crucial and routine monitoring of patients' nutrient intake is imperative. However, personalised monitoring and customised intervention using traditional methods is challenging and labour-intensive, consequently it is often neglected in hospital settings. The present pilot study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Dietary Intake Monitoring System (DIMS) against the weighed food method (WFM). DESIGN: The DIMS 2...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753587/association-between-eating-time-interval-and-frequency-with-ideal-cardiovascular-health-results-from-a-random-sample-czech-urban-population
#3
A Maugeri, S Kunzova, J R Medina-Inojosa, A Agodi, M Barchitta, M Homolka, N Kiacova, H Bauerova, O Sochor, F Lopez-Jimenez, M Vinciguerra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The frequency and timing of meals may affect cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes, but large-scale epidemiological studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between eating time interval and frequency, and measures of ideal CVH in the Kardiovize Brno cohort study, a random urban sample population in Central Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1659 members of the Kardiovize Brno 2030 cohort were included in a cross-sectional study (mean age = 46...
April 18, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748660/the-association-of-problematic-eating-behaviours-with-food-quality-and-body-mass-index-at-7-years-of-age
#4
Sara Costa, Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is scarce evidence of how certain eating behaviours compromise the compliance with dietary guidelines and weight status in school-aged children. This study aims to evaluate the association of children's problematic eating behaviours with food quality and body mass index at 7 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were children aged 7 years old from a population-based cohort study from Porto, Portugal-Generation XXI. Children's quantity and speed of ingestion, food refusal at the table and food rewards requesting were evaluated by caregiver's perception...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747044/taste-as-a-marker-for-behavioral-energy-regulation-replication-and-extension-of-meal-pattern-evidence-from-selectively-bred-rats
#5
Nancy K Dess, Kira R Schreiber, Gabriel M Winter, Clinton D Chapman
A key feature of energy regulation among species that eat discrete meals is meal patterning - meal frequency, size, and duration. Such animals can adjust to internal states and external circumstances with changes in one or more of those meal parameters, with or without altering total food intake. Relatively little is known about individual differences in meal patterning. We previously reported meal patterning differences between rat lines selectively bred for differential saccharin solution intake, lines that also differ in sensitivity to metabolic challenges: Relative to high-saccharin-consuming counterparts (HiS), male low-saccharin-consuming rats (LoS) ate smaller, more frequent meals...
May 7, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746973/family-meals-among-parents-associations-with-nutritional-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#6
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Jerica M Berge, Marla E Eisenberg, Jayne A Fulkerson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
A growing body of research suggests that children and adolescents who share frequent meals with their families report better nutrition indicators, family relationships and mental health. Yet, little research has examined whether parents who share meals with their families report the same indicators of wellbeing. The current paper addresses this question using population-based survey data and a sample of parents in the United States (n = 889, mean age 31 years) that responded to the fourth wave of the Project EAT study in 2015-16...
May 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746604/a-description-of-externally-recorded-womb-sounds-in-human-subjects-during-gestation
#7
Joanna J Parga, Robert Daland, Kalpashri Kesavan, Paul M Macey, Lonnie Zeltzer, Ronald M Harper
OBJECTIVE: Reducing environmental noise benefits premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), but excessive reduction may lead to sensory deprivation, compromising development. Instead of minimal noise levels, environments that mimic intrauterine soundscapes may facilitate infant development by providing a sound environment reflecting fetal life. This soundscape may support autonomic and emotional development in preterm infants. We aimed to assess the efficacy and feasibility of external non-invasive recordings in pregnant women, endeavoring to capture intra-abdominal or womb sounds during pregnancy with electronic stethoscopes and build a womb sound library to assess sound trends with gestational development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741556/eating-at-food-outlets-and-leisure-places-and-on-the-go-is-associated-with-less-healthy-food-choices-than-eating-at-home-and-in-school-in-children-cross-sectional-data-from-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-rolling-program-2008-2014
#8
Nida Ziauddeen, Polly Page, Tarra L Penney, Sonja Nicholson, Sara F L Kirk, Eva Almiron-Roig
Background: Where children eat has been linked to variations in diet quality, including the consumption of low-nutrient, energy-dense food, a recognized risk factor for obesity. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of consumption patterns and nutritional intake by eating location in British children with the use of a nationally representative survey. Design: Cross-sectional data from 4636 children (80,075 eating occasions) aged 1...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739374/effectiveness-of-baby-friendly-community-initiative-bfci-on-complementary-feeding-in-koibatek-kenya-a-randomized-control-study
#9
Mildred Maingi, Judith Kimiywe, Sharon Iron-Segev
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child nutrition is critical for proper growth and development. In order to promote optimal nutrition at an early age, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have developed the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) to address poor breastfeeding practices in maternity wards. However, impact is limited in less developed countries like Kenya, where more than half of all births are home deliveries. Therefore, Kenya has explored the adoption of Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) in its rural settings...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737072/-eating-frequency-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-its-association-with-birth-body-mass-of-neonates-a-birth-cohort-study
#10
Yuan-Yuan Chen, Jun Yin, Yun-Hui Gong, Rong Zhou, Hong Jia, Li-Ming Quan, Li Zhao, Ming Li, Xiao-Hua Lü, Fang He, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of eating frequency (EF) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with birth body mass of neonates. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 578 healthy pregnant women from April to October 2015. Dietary intake and physical activity data per trimester were collected using a questionnaire. Data in relation to gestational body mass,gestational stage and birth body mass of neonates were obtained from clinical records. Multiple logistic regression models were established to test the impacts of EF and GWG on appropriate for gestational age (AGA)...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730135/diet-quality-index-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-efficacy-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-the-evasyon-study
#11
Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Luis A Moreno, Javier Santabárbara, Miguel Martín-Matillas, Maria Cristina Azcona-San Julian, Amelia Marti Del Moral, Cristina Campoy, Ascensión Marcos, Jesús Ma Garagorri
BACKGROUND & AIM: A diet quality index (DQI) is a tool that provides an overall score of an individual's dietary intake when assessing compliance with food-based dietary guidelines. A number of DQIs have emerged, albeit their associations with health-related outcomes are debated. The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to dietary intervention, and the overall quality of the diet, can predict body composition changes. METHODS: To this purpose, overweight/obese adolescents (n = 117, aged: 13-16 years; 51 males, 66 females) were recruited into a multi-component (diet, physical activity and psychological support) family-based group treatment programme...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729859/male-contributions-during-mating-increase-female-survival-in-the-disease-vector-mosquito-aedes-aegypti
#12
Susan M Villarreal, Sylvie Pitcher, Michelle E H Helinski, Lynn Johnson, Mariana F Wolfner, Laura C Harrington
Aedes aegypti is a vector of medically important viruses including those causing Zika, dengue, and chikungunya. During mating, males transfer a number of proteins and other molecules to the female and these components of the male ejaculate are essential in shifting female post-mating behaviors in a number of insect species. Because these molecules are highly variable by species, and female post-mating behavior by species is also varied, behavioral assays testing the function of the ejaculate are necessary before we can develop control strategies targeting the mating system to reduce mosquito populations...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723574/influences-of-hunger-satiety-and-oral-glucose-on-functional-brain-connectivity-a-multimethod-resting-state-fmri-study
#13
Arkan Al-Zubaidi, Marcus Heldmann, Alfred Mertins, Kamila Jauch-Chara, Thomas F Münte
A major regulatory task of the organism is to keep brain functions relatively constant in spite of metabolic changes (e.g., hunger vs. satiety) or availability of energy (e.g., glucose administration). Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) can reveal resulting changes in brain function but previous studies have focused mostly on the hypothalamus. Therefore, we took a whole brain approach and examined 24 healthy normal-weight men once after 36 hours of fasting and once in a satiated state (six meals over the course of 36 hours)...
April 30, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717756/dietary-behaviors-among-young-and-older-adults-in-brazil
#14
I Nogueira Bezerra, A O de Carvalho Gurgel, R G Bastos Barbosa, G Bezerra da Silva Junior
OBJECTIVES: To describe healthy and unhealthy dietary behaviors among young and older Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on secondary data from the Brazilian National Health Survey 2013/2014, conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). SETTINGS: Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 59,402 Brazilian adults (18 years or over), representative of the whole community-dwelling Brazilian adult population...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717519/antidiarrheal-effect-of-bioactivity-guided-fractions-and-bioactive-components-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-peels
#15
S-S Zhao, D-X Ma, Y Zhu, J-H Zhao, Y Zhang, J-Q Chen, Z-L Sheng
BACKGROUND: Pomegranate peels have been widely used to treat diarrhea in China. The antidiarrheal activities of aqueous extracts of pomegranate peels have been evaluated. However, there have not been any bioactivity-guided fractionation studies on the antidiarrheal effect to identify the bioactive components of the extract. METHODS: Bioactivity-guided fractionation of an aqueous extract of pomegranate peels was performed using different solvents of increasing polarity, generating fractions dissolved in ethyl acetate, n-butyl alcohol, and the residual fraction...
May 2, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708873/simple-gastric-motility-assessment-method-with-a-single-channel-electrogastrogram
#16
Nenad B Popović, Nadica Miljković, Mirjana B Popović
Surface electrogastrography (EGG) is a non-invasive technique that is used to record myoelectrical activity of the stomach using cutaneous electrodes placed on the abdomen. Gastric motility assessment by EGG is a candidate for standard clinical procedure based on the quantification of parameters characteristic of gastric motility disorders. Despite its noticeable benefits, EGG is not widely implemented in clinical practice. The main reasons are: (1) lack of standardization of electrode placement, (2) time-consuming diagnostic procedures and (3) a complex multi-channel recording setup...
April 30, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704530/how-social-factors-and-behavioural-strategies-affect-feeding-and-social-interaction-patterns-in-pigs
#17
Iris J M M Boumans, Imke J M de Boer, Gert Jan Hofstede, Eddie A M Bokkers
Animals living in groups compete for food resources and face food conflicts. These conflicts are affected by social factors (e.g. competition level) and behavioural strategies (e.g. avoidance). This study aimed to deepen our understanding of the complex interactions between social factors and behavioural strategies affecting feeding and social interaction patterns in animals. We focused on group-housed growing pigs, Sus scrofa, which typically face conflicts around the feeder, and of which patterns in various competitive environments (i...
April 25, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702683/mental-health-problems-in-relation-to-eating-behavior-patterns-nutrient-intakes-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-iranian-female-adolescents
#18
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To identify the association between mental health problems, eating behavior patterns, nutrient intakes and health related quality of life (HRQoL) among Iranian female adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current cross-sectional study conducted among three high-schools randomly selected from 10-day-public high schools in the selected sub-county from Tabriz city-Iran between December 2015 through March 2016. Participants were a sample of 107 adolescent girls aged 15-17 years old...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702374/an-exploration-of-the-frequency-location-and-content-of-parents-health-and-weight-focused-conversations-with-their-children-and-associations-with-child-weight-status
#19
Amanda C Trofholz, Allan D Tate, Jerica M Berge
INTRODUCTION: Although parental weight-focused conversations with children have been associated with more unhealthy weight and weight-related outcomes in children and adolescents, little is known about the content and context of these conversations or conversations about healthy eating in the home environment. This study examines the frequency, location, and content of health- and weight-focused conversations in the home environment and examines the association between specific types of health- and weight-focused conversations with child overweight status...
March 29, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696535/defluoridation-using-novel-chemically-treated-carbonized-bone-meal-batch-and-dynamic-performance-with-scale-up-studies
#20
Somak Chatterjee, Munmun Mukherjee, Sirshendu De
Novel defluoridating adsorbent was synthesized by chemical treatment of carbonized bone meal using aluminum sulfate and calcium oxide. Precursor for chemical treatment was prepared by partial carbonization of raw bone meal at 550 °C for 4 h. Maximum fluoride removal capacity was 150 mg/g when carbonized bone meal (100 g/L) was treated with aluminum sulfate (500 g/L) and calcium oxide (15 g/L). Morphological analysis revealed formation of a coating layer consisting of aluminum compounds on the precursor surface...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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