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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526058/meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-feeding-practices-among-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#1
Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
BACKGROUND: Child feeding practices are multidimensional, and they change rapidly within short age intervals. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices contribute to a rapid increase in the prevalence of undernutrition in children in the age of 6-23 months. Information on child feeding practices among urban resident is limited in Ethiopia. The aim was to measure minimum meal frequency and dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6-23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521699/food-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#2
Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Dana E Negrutiu, Mariana Palage, Dan L Dumitrascu
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition with a high prevalence in western countries. Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation episodes and a decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure are the main mechanisms involved. Currently used drugs are efficient on reflux symptoms, but only as long as they are administered, because they do not modify the reflux barrier. Certain nutrients or foods are generally considered to increase the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, therefore physicians recommend changes in diet and some patients avoid bothering foods...
May 15, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514644/the-importance-of-hormonal-circadian-rhythms-in-daily-feeding-patterns-an-illustration-with-simulated-pigs
#3
Iris J M M Boumans, Imke J M de Boer, Gert Jan Hofstede, Susanne E la Fleur, Eddie A M Bokkers
The interaction between hormonal circadian rhythms and feeding behaviour is not well understood. This study aimed to deepen our understanding of mechanisms underlying circadian feeding behaviour in animals, using pigs, Sus scrofa, as a case study. Pigs show an alternans feeding pattern, that is, a small peak of feed intake at the beginning of the day and a larger peak at the end of the day. We simulated the feeding behaviour of pigs over a 24h period. The simulation model contained mechanisms that regulate feeding behaviour of animals, including: processing of feed in the gastrointestinal tract, fluctuation in energy balance, circadian rhythms of melatonin and cortisol and motivational decision-making...
May 19, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506518/the-addition-of-peanuts-to-habitual-diets-is-associated-with-lower-consumption-of-savory-non-core-snacks-by-men-and-sweet-non-core-snacks-by-women
#4
Jayne A Barbour, Emilija Stojanovski, Lisa J Moran, Peter R C Howe, Alison M Coates
Snacking is associated with intakes of non-core foods which may predispose to obesity. Peanuts have potential satiety benefits and may assist with weight management; we hypothesized that peanut consumption would reduce intake of non-core snack foods due to compensation. We investigated the effects of adding peanuts to a habitual diet on snacking habits and energy intake. Sixty-one healthy participants (65±7years, body mass index 31±4kg/m(2)) consumed their habitual diet with or without peanuts (56g/d for 32 women, 84g/d for 29 men) for 12weeks each in a randomized crossover design...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506187/ten-year-changes-in-healthy-eating-attitudes-in-the-sun-cohort
#5
Lucia Andrade, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Silvia Carlos, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel-Angel Martínez-González
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the within-subject longitudinal changes in self-perceived healthy eating attitudes after 10 years of follow-up and to identify predictors of long-term changes in a middle-aged adult cohort. METHODS: Four thousand five hundred seventy-two participants completed a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up. The FFQ was expanded with a brief 10-item questionnaire about eating attitudes with 2 possible answers: yes or no...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504521/family-dinner-frequency-interacts-with-dinnertime-context-in-associations-with-child-and-parent-bmi-outcomes
#6
Melissa L Horning, Robin Schow, Sarah E Friend, Katie Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Jayne A Fulkerson
For youth and parents, frequent family meals have been consistently associated with positive dietary outcomes but less consistently associated with lower body mass index (BMI). Researchers have speculated dinnertime context (dinnertime routines, parent dinnertime media use) may interact with family meal frequency to impact associations with BMI. The present study evaluates the associations and interactions between dinnertime context measures and family dinner frequency with parent and child BMI. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment (HOME) Plus randomized control trial that aimed to prevent childhood obesity...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497063/level-of-knowledge-and-practice-of-mothers-on-minimum-dietary-diversity-practices-and-associated-factors-for-6-23-month-old-children-in-adea-woreda-oromia-ethiopia
#7
Andualem Agize, Dube Jara, Getiye Dejenu
Background. Globally, undernutrition is responsible for at least 35% of deaths in children less than 5 years of age and estimated 6% of under-five deaths can be prevented by ensuring optimal complementary feeding especially the dietary diversity and meal frequency. In Ethiopia, 5% of children were fed according to minimum standards with respect to food diversity. Objective. To assess the level of knowledge and practice of mothers on dietary diversity practices and associated factors for children 6-23 months in Adea woreda...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495347/a-web-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-gestational-diabetes-automatic-diet-prescription-and-detection-of-insulin-needs
#8
Estefanía Caballero-Ruiz, Gema García-Sáez, Mercedes Rigla, María Villaplana, Belen Pons, M Elena Hernando
BACKGROUND: The growth of diabetes prevalence is causing an increasing demand in health care services which affects the clinicians' workload as medical resources do not grow at the same rate as the diabetic population. Decision support tools can help clinicians with the inspection of monitoring data, providing a preliminary analysis to ease their interpretation and reduce the evaluation time per patient. This paper presents Sinedie, a clinical decision support system designed to manage the treatment of patients with gestational diabetes...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#9
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#10
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487141/a-randomized-cross-over-study-of-the-effects-of-macronutrient-composition-and-meal-frequency-on-glp-1-ghrelin-and-energy-expenditure-in-humans
#11
Simon Ingves, Nathalie Vilhelmsson, Edvin Ström, Mats Fredrikson, Hans Guldbrand, Fredrik H Nystrom
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about human postprandial increase of energy expenditure and satiety-associated hormones in relation to both meal frequency and macronutrient composition. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study with four conditions for each participant. METHODS: Seven men and seven women (mean age 23±1.5years) were randomly assigned to the order of intake of a 750kcal drink with the same protein content while having either 20 energy-percent (E%) or 55 E% from carbohydrates and the remaining energy from fat...
May 6, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449726/low-parental-awareness-about-energy-calorie-recommendations-for-children-s-restaurant-meals-findings-from-a-national-survey-in-the-usa
#12
Vanessa M Lynskey, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Linda Harelick, Ariella Korn, Shanti Sharma, Stephanie Simms, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental awareness of per-meal energy (calorie) recommendations for children's restaurant meals and to explore whether calorie awareness was associated with parental sociodemographic characteristics and frequency of eating restaurant food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey administered in July 2014. Parents estimated calories (i.e. kilocalories; 1 kcal=4·184 kJ) recommended for a child's lunch/dinner restaurant meal (range: 0-2000 kcal)...
April 28, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449671/effects-of-an-educational-intervention-on-oral-hygiene-and-self-care-among-people-with-mental-illness-in-japan-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Hatsumi Yoshii, Nobutaka Kitamura, Kouhei Akazawa, Hidemitsu Saito
BACKGROUND: The oral hygiene of patients with a mental illness is an important concern in psychiatric care, and it is necessary to increase the level of self-care among these patients. In this study, we administered an oral care questionnaire to people with mental illness in Japan and compared their answers before (baseline) and at 1 week and 1, 3 and 6 months after they participated in an educational program. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 390 patients...
April 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447202/exploring-the-relationship-between-perceived-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-dietary-behaviours-in-european-adults
#14
M G M Pinho, J D Mackenbach, H Charreire, J-M Oppert, H Bárdos, K Glonti, H Rutter, S Compernolle, I De Bourdeaudhuij, J W J Beulens, J Brug, J Lakerveld
PURPOSE: Dietary behaviours may be influenced by perceptions of barriers to healthy eating. Using data from a large cross-European study (N = 5900), we explored associations between various perceived barriers to healthy eating and dietary behaviours among adults from urban regions in five European countries and examined whether associations differed across regions and socio-demographic backgrounds. METHODS: Frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish, fast food, sugar-sweetened beverages, sweets, breakfast and home-cooked meals were split by the median into higher and lower consumption...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434248/are-university-students-in-singapore-meeting-the-international-and-national-recommended-daily-servings-of-fruits-and-vegetables
#15
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Mee Lian Wong
Data are lacking on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among young adults in the Asia-Pacific region. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of students who met the international and national recommendation of daily consumption of 5 and 4 FV servings, respectively, in a university in Singapore and the factors associated with meeting the national recommendation. A cross-sectional survey using proportional stratified random sampling was conducted on 884 undergraduates in 2013. The prevalence of meeting the international and national recommendation was 13...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431146/response-of-broiler-chickens-fed-wheat-based-diets-to-xylanase-supplementation
#16
G Gonzalez-Ortiz, D Sola-Oriol, M Martinez-Mora, J F Perez, M R Bedford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of xylanase supplementation on performance, footpad score (FPS), nutrient digestibility, and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens. Two-hundred-eighty-eight Ross 308 broiler chicks (one d old) were placed in one of 3 experimental treatments: positive control (PC), negative control (NC) (-150 kcal/kg), and XYL (NC supplemented with xylanase). Each treatment had 8 replicates with 12 animals each. Starter (zero to 21 d) and grower (21 to 42 d) diets, based on wheat and soy-bean meal, were available ad libitum...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421381/lactase-non-persistence-and-lactose-intolerance
#17
REVIEW
Theodore M Bayless, Elizabeth Brown, David M Paige
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the clinical and nutritional significance of genetically determined lactase non-persistence and potential lactose and milk intolerance in 65-70% of the world's adult population. RECENT FINDINGS: Milk consumption is decreasing in the USA and is the lowest in countries with a high prevalence of lactase non-persistence. The dairy industry and Minnesota investigators have made efforts to minimize the influence of lactose intolerance on milk consumption...
May 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412825/family-dinner-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-mental-disorders-and-obesity-in-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#18
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht
PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10-18 years were enrolled in 2009-2010 in the third survey of a national surveillance program, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410751/mizagliflozin-a-novel-selective-sglt1-inhibitor-exhibits-potential-in-the-amelioration-of-chronic-constipation
#19
Toshihiro Inoue, Masaaki Takemura, Nobuhiko Fushimi, Yoshikazu Fujimori, Tomoya Onozato, Takao Kurooka, Tetsuya Asari, Hiroo Takeda, Mamoru Kobayashi, Hironori Nishibe, Masayuki Isaji
Chronic constipation is a highly common functional gastrointestinal disorder that adversely affects patient quality of life. At present, limited therapeutic options are available for the treatment of chronic constipation, which indicates the need for new therapeutic agents. Herein, we report the potential of mizagliflozin, a novel selective sodium glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) inhibitor, for the amelioration of chronic constipation. Mizagliflozin's inhibitory activity against SGLTs was evaluated by an in vitro assay of cells transiently expressing SGLTs...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392928/cost-of-intervention-delivery-in-a-lifestyle-weight-loss-trial-in-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-look-ahead-clinical-trial
#20
J Rushing, R Wing, T A Wadden, W C Knowler, M Lawlor, M Evans, T Killean, M Montez, M A Espeland, P Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial was a randomized controlled clinical trial to compare the effects of 10 years of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) with a control condition of diabetes support and education (DSE) on health outcomes in over 5,000 participants with type 2 diabetes. The ILI had significantly greater weight losses than DSE throughout the trial. The goal of this analysis is to describe the cost of delivering the intervention. METHODS: The ILI was designed to promote weight loss and increase physical activity...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
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