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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#1
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729786/association-of-oral-health-behavior-and-the-use-of-dental-services-with-oral-health-literacy-among-adults-in-tehran-iran
#2
Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Jorma I Virtanen, Reza Yazdani, Heikki Murtomaa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of oral health behavior (OHB) and the use of dental services with oral health literacy (OHL) among Iranian adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population study of a random sample of 1031 adults aged 18-65 in Tehran, Iran. We collected data on tooth brushing frequency, the consumption of sugary snacks and beverages, and time since last dental visit. To measure OHL, we used a validated OHL adults' questionnaire (OHL-AQ)...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727506/nutritional-habits-and-performance-in-male-elite-wheelchair-basketball-players-during-a-precompetitive-period
#3
Amelia Ferro, Guadalupe Garrido, Jorge Villacieros, Javier Pérez, Lena Grams
Physical condition and an optimized diet are relevant to enhance performance and recovery. The diet composition and meal frequency of eleven elite wheelchair basketball players were estimated using a 3-day food-weighing diary in two months during the precompetitive-period. Performance was determined through a 20 m sprint test. The players consumed 4.2 ± 0.8 meals/day in May and 4.5 ± 0.9 meals/day in June, resulting in total energy intakes of 2492 ± 362 kcal/d and 2470 ± 497 kcal/d, respectively. The macronutrient distribution was 3...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725316/post-prandial-plasma-glucose-less-than-or-equal-to-70-mg-dl-is-not-uncommon-in-young-japanese-women
#4
Ayaka Tsuboi, Mika Takeuchi, Kaori Kitaoka, Satomi Minato, Miki Kurata, Tsutomu Kazumi, Keisuke Fukuo
BACKGROUND: Post-breakfast/post-challenge plasma glucose (PG) concentrations were studied less in young normal weight Japanese women. We addressed these issues. METHODS: Two separate groups of female collegiate athletes and female untrained students underwent either a standardized meal test or a standard 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, but not both. Frequency of women whose post-breakfast/post-load PG fell to 70 mg/dL or lower (termed as low glycemia) was compared between athletes and non-athletes, who also underwent measurements of serum adipokines, markers of insulin resistance and inflammation and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721668/quantitative-analysis-of-s-mutans-lactobacillus-and-bifidobacterium-found-in-initial-and-mature-plaques-in-thai-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#5
K Mitrakul, S Chanvitan, A Jeamset, K Vongsawan
AIMS: To quantify Streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in initial and mature plaque collected from children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries-free (CF) groups and to analyse the association between these bacteria and caries-related factors in each group. STUDY DESIGN: A collection of 120 initial and overnight supra-gingival plaques were collected from Thai children aged 2-5 years-old (S-ECC = 60, CF = 60). Plaque, gingival indices and decayed, missing, filled tooth (dmft) scores were recorded...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720939/cholesterol-analysis-of-korean-eat-out-foods-for-national-food-composition-database
#6
Farhana Sharmin, Beom-Gyun Jeong, Jiyoung Jung, Venus Quines, Jiyeon Chun
Information on cholesterol intake through restaurant meal is of high concern because of increasing eat-out population. Since nutrient labeling is not mandatory for restaurant food in Korea, cholesterol database on restaurant menu is unavailable. This study was performed to construct regional and national cholesterol database on primary Korean restaurant foods including 30 soup/stew, 24 rice dishes, and 27 noodles. From 2009 to 2012, Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety collected total 5832 foods (81 food types ×6 regions ×12 restaurants) nationwide and then 486 composites representing food types and regions were prepared for cholesterol analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#7
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706738/influence-on-adiposity-and-atherogenic-lipaemia-of-fatty-meals-and-snacks-in-daily-life
#8
REVIEW
Antonio Laguna-Camacho
The present work reviewed the connections of changes in consumption of high-fat food with changes in adiposity and lipaemia in adults with overweight or obesity. Hyperlipaemia from higher fat meals and excessive adiposity contributes to atherogenic process. Low-fat diet interventions decrease body fat, lipaemia, and atherosclerosis markers. Inaccuracy of physical estimates of dietary fat intake remains, however, a limit to establishing causal connections. To fill this gap, tracking fat-rich eating episodes at short intervals quantifies the behavioural frequency suggested to measure (by regression of changes in real time) direct effects of this eating pattern on adiposity and atherogenic lipaemia...
2017: Journal of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701389/meal-frequency-and-timing-are-associated-with-changes-in-body-mass-index-in-adventist-health-study-2
#9
Hana Kahleova, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary E Fraser
Background: Scientific evidence for the optimal number, timing, and size of meals is lacking.Objective: We investigated the relation between meal frequency and timing and changes in body mass index (BMI) in the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2), a relatively healthy North American cohort.Methods: The analysis used data from 50,660 adult members aged ≥30 y of Seventh-day Adventist churches in the United States and Canada (mean ± SD follow-up: 7.42 ± 1.23 y). The number of meals per day, length of overnight fast, consumption of breakfast, and timing of the largest meal were exposure variables...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697617/dietary-habits-among-health-professionals-working-in-a-district-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Siyabonga H Kunene, Nomathemba P Taukobong
INTRODUCTION: The burden of diseases associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours continues to increase in the low- and middle-income countries including South Africa. Among the affected population are the health professionals who are assumed to be knowledgeable about healthy eating. AIM: This study aimed to determine the dietary habits of health professionals in a public district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2012 among 109 randomly selected health professionals...
June 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684262/diagnostic-yield-of-high-resolution-manometry-with-a-solid-test-meal-for-clinically-relevant-symptomatic-oesophageal-motility-disorders-serial-diagnostic-study
#11
Daphne Ang, Benjamin Misselwitz, Michael Hollenstein, Kevin Knowles, Jeff Wright, Emily Tucker, Rami Sweis, Mark Fox
BACKGROUND: The use of high-resolution manometry (HRM) to diagnose oesophageal motility disorders is based on ten single water swallows (SWS); however, this approach might not be representative of oesophageal function during the ingestion of normal food. We tested whether inclusion of a standardised solid test meal (STM) to HRM studies increases test sensitivity for major motility disorders. Additionally, we assessed the frequency and cause of patient symptoms during STM. METHODS: Consecutive patients who were referred for investigation of oesophageal symptoms were recruited at Nottingham University Hospitals (Nottingham, UK) in the development study and at University Hospital Zürich (Zürich, Switzerland) in the validation study...
July 3, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684261/pharyngeal-swallowing-and-oesophageal-motility-during-a-solid-meal-test-a-prospective-study-in-healthy-volunteers-and-patients-with-major-motility-disorders
#12
Michael Hollenstein, Philip Thwaites, Simon Bütikofer, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Irina Ulmer, Daniel Pohl, Daphne Ang, Daniel Eberli, Werner Schwizer, Michael Fried, Oliver Distler, Mark Fox, Benjamin Misselwitz
BACKGROUND: The factors that determine how people eat when they are healthy or have disease have not been defined. We used high resolution manometry (HRM) to assess pharyngeal swallowing and oesophageal motility during ingestion of a solid test meal (STM) in healthy volunteers and patients with motility disorders. METHODS: This study was based at University Hospital Zurich (Zürich, Switzerland). Healthy volunteers who responded to an advertisement completed HRM with ten single water swallows (SWS) in recumbent and upright positions followed by a 200 g rice STM in the upright position...
July 3, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683292/mice-under-caloric-restriction-self-impose-a-temporal-restriction-of-food-intake-as-revealed-by-an-automated-feeder-system
#13
Victoria A Acosta-Rodríguez, Marleen H M de Groot, Filipa Rijo-Ferreira, Carla B Green, Joseph S Takahashi
Caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan in mammals, yet the mechanisms underlying its beneficial effects remain unknown. The manner in which CR has been implemented in longevity experiments is variable, with both timing and frequency of meals constrained by work schedules. It is commonplace to find that nocturnal rodents are fed during the daytime and meals are spaced out, introducing prolonged fasting intervals. Since implementation of feeding paradigms over the lifetime is logistically difficult, automation is critical, but existing systems are expensive and not amenable to scale...
July 5, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678940/-effect-of-a-healthy-eating-intervention-on-compliance-with-dietary-recommendations-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-adolescent-mothers-and-maternal-grandmothers
#14
Leandro Meirelles Nunes, Álvaro Vigo, Luciana Dias de Oliveira, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
The objective was to evaluate the effect of a healthy eating intervention targeting adolescent mothers and maternal grandmothers on compliance with dietary recommendations in the first year of life. This was a randomized clinical trial involving 320 adolescent mothers, their infants, and 169 maternal grandmothers (when the three generations were living together), randomly assigned to the intervention versus control group. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on healthy feeding during the child's first year of life, the first of which held at the maternity ward and the others at 7, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days, at the homes...
July 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675623/association-between-mental-health-and-meal-patterns-among-elderly-koreans
#15
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
AIM: The present cross-sectional study analyzed the differences in mental health among community-dwelling elderly Koreans based on type of meal skipping and family meal frequency. METHODS: We carried out a secondary data analysis using data from 4742 older adults aged ≥65 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010-2012), a nationally representative sample. RESULTS: In the final model, after adjusting for covariates, we found differences in stress, depression and suicidal ideation based on the type of meal skipping...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675118/young-men-s-preferences-for-design-and-delivery-of-physical-activity-and-nutrition-interventions-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
Young adult men are under-represented in health research, and little is known about how to reach and engage them in lifestyle interventions. This mixed-methods study aimed to explore young males' preferences for recruitment strategies, content, format (delivery mode and program duration and frequency), and facilitator characteristics for future physical activity and nutrition interventions. Ten focus groups involving 61 men (aged 18-25 years) in the Hunter region, New South Wales, Australia and an online survey distributed within Australia were completed by 282 males (aged 18-25 years)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671637/factors-affecting-dietary-practices-in-a-mississippi-african-american-community
#17
Monique White, Clifton Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Frances Henderson, Dorothy McGill, Marinelle Payton, Donna Antoine-LaVigne
This study examined the practices, personal motivation, and barriers of African American communities in Mississippi regarding their dietary practices. We selected the Metro Jackson Area comprised of Hinds, Madison and Rankin Counties because it is a combination of urban and rural communities. The sample consisted of 70 participants from seven sites. A total of seven focus groups responded to six questions to assess practices, personal motivation, and barriers to dietary practices: (1) Where in your community can you access fresh fruits and vegetables? (2) How many meals a day should a person eat? (3) What would you consider to be a healthy breakfast, lunch and dinner? (4) What would you consider to be a healthy snack? (5) What do you consider to be your motivations for eating healthy? (6) What do you consider to be your barriers to eating healthy? Each of the seven focus groups consisted of 6 to 12 participants and provided details of their dietary practices...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669327/reproductive-factors-lifestyle-and-dietary-habits-among-pregnant-women-in-greenland-the-accept-sub-study-2013-2015
#18
Anne Seneca Terkelsen, Manhai Long, Lise Hounsgaard, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: During past decades the formerly active lifestyle in Greenland has become sedentary, and the intake of traditional food has gradually been replaced with imported food. These lifestyle and dietary habits may affect pregnant women. AIM: To describe age and regional differences in reproductive factors, lifestyle and diet among Greenlandic pregnant women in their first trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional study during 2013-2015 including 373 pregnant women was conducted in five Greenlandic regions (West, Disko Bay, South, North and East)...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667226/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pharmaceutical-industry-funded-events-for-health-professionals-in-australia
#19
Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero
OBJECTIVES: To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660194/dietary-patterns-characterized-by-high-meat-consumption-are-associated-with-other-unhealthy-life-styles-and-depression-symptoms
#20
Maria João Gregório, Ana M Rodrigues, Mónica Eusébio, Rute Dinis Sousa, Sara Dias, Beate André, Kjersti Grønning, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Geir A Espnes, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify dietary patterns (DPs) of Portuguese adults, to assess their socioeconomic, demographic, lifestyle determinants, and to identify their impact on health. DESIGN: EpiDoC 2 study included 10,153 Portuguese adults from the EpiDoC Cohort, a population-based study. In this study, trained research assistants using computer-assisted telephone interview collected socioeconomic, demographic, dietary, lifestyles, and health information from March 2013 to July 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
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