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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148183/trends-and-predictors-of-appropriate-complementary-feeding-practices-in-nepal-an-analysis-of-national-household-survey-data-collected-between-2001-and-2014
#1
Muzi Na, Victor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Pradiumna Dahal, Bikash Lamichhane, Rajkumar Pokharel, Stanley Chitekwe, Christine P Stewart
There is evidence that suboptimal complementary feeding contributes to poor child growth. However, little is known about time trends and determinants of complementary feeding in Nepal, where the prevalence of child undernutrition remains unacceptably high. The objective of the study was to examine the trends and predictors of suboptimal complementary feeding in Nepali children aged 6-23 months using nationally representative data collected from 2001 to 2014. Data from the 2001, 2006, and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys and the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey were used to estimate the prevalence, trends and predictors of four WHO-UNICEF complementary feeding indicators: timely introduction of complementary foods (INTRO), minimum meal frequency (MMF), minimum dietary diversity (MDD), and minimum acceptable diet (MAD)...
November 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136633/impaired-enterohormone-response-following-a-liquid-test-meal-in-gastrectomized-patients
#2
Lidia Santarpia, Maria Carmen Pagano, Iolanda Cioffi, Lucia Alfonsi, Rosario Cuomo, Giuseppe Labruna, Lucia Sacchetti, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy (TG) is responsible for symptoms or disturbance of alimentary status (changes in body weight, food intake per meal and frequency of meal per day) which, in turn are responsible for weight loss and malnutrition. The study evaluates the gut hormone responses in totally gastrectomized (TG) patients after a liquid meal test. METHODS: Twenty total gastrectomized cancer-free patients (12 M, 8 F, 56.4 ± 10.2 years, BMI 21.4 ± 2.2 kg/m2) and 10 healthy volunteers (4 M, 6 F, 48...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#3
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#4
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125636/very-tight-versus-tight-control-which-should-be-the-criteria-for-pharmacologic-therapy-dose-adjustment-in-diabetes-in-pregnancy-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Claudia Caissutti, Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: There is inconclusive evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to support any specific criteria for pharmacologic therapy dose adjustment in diabetes in pregnancy. Our objective was to analyze the criteria for dose adjustment of pharmacologic treatment for diabetes mellitus (DM) in pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sources: MEDLINE, OVID and Cochrane Library were searched from their inception to September 2017. Selection criteria included all trials of DM in pregnancy managed by oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin reporting criteria for pharmacologic therapy dose adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124678/high-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-but-not-individual-foods-or-nutrients-is-associated-with-lower-likelihood-of-being-obese-in-a-mediterranean-cohort
#6
Gaetano Zappalà, Silvio Buscemi, Serena Mulè, Melania La Verde, Maurizio D'Urso, Davide Corleo, Marina Marranzano
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Mediterranean diet and obesity in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: The study population of MEAL (Mediterranean Healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle) study comprised 1814 men and women (18 + years) recruited in the city of Catania, southern Italy. Food intake was evaluated through a validated food frequency questionnaire and the Mediterranean diet adherence was assessed through the MEDI-LITE score...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118278/oral-health-status-of-independent-older-adults-in-texas-an-observational-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-areas
#7
Julie L Martin, Linda D Boyd, Helena Tapias-Perdigón, Lisa M LaSpina
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health needs of community-dwelling older adults participating in congregate meal centers and to determine whether differences exist in the oral health needs of older adult populations residing in urban versus rural communities in the state of Texas.Methods: Study participants were recruited at 6 congregate meal centers located in identified rural and urban communities in the greater metropolitan area of Austin, Texas. (N=78) Participants completed a validated, modified questionnaire containing 20 items on the following topics: self-reported oral health, tooth loss, dental insurance, frequency of dental visits, time since last dental visit, access to dental care, dry mouth, and oral cancer screening...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107658/physiological-characterization-and-regulation-of-the-contractile-properties-of-the-mosquito-ventral-diverticulum-crop
#8
Travis L Calkins, Andrew DeLaat, Peter M Piermarini
In adult dipteran insects (flies), the crop is a diverticulum of the esophagus that serves as a food storage organ. The crop pumps stored contents into the alimentary canal for digestion and absorption. The pumping is mediated by peristaltic contractions of the crop musculature. In adult female mosquitoes, the crop (ventral diverticulum) selectively stores sugar solutions (e.g., nectar); proteinaceous blood meals by-pass the crop and are transferred directly to the midgut for digestion. The mechanisms that regulate crop contractions have never been investigated in mosquitoes...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107582/perinatal-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-compounds-and-the-control-of-feeding-behavior-an-overview
#9
REVIEW
Sabrina N Walley, Troy A Roepke
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that can interact with steroid and nuclear receptors or alter hormone production. Many studies have reported that perinatal exposure to EDC including bisphenol A, PCB, dioxins, and DDT disrupt energy balance, body weight, adiposity, or glucose homeostasis in rodent offspring. However, little information exists on the effects of perinatal EDC exposure on the control of feeding behaviors and meal pattern (size, frequency, duration), which may contribute to their obesogenic properties...
October 28, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096640/food-parenting-and-child-snacking-a-systematic-review
#10
Rachel E Blaine, Alexandria Kachurak, Kirsten K Davison, Rachel Klabunde, Jennifer Orlet Fisher
BACKGROUND: While the role of parenting in children's eating behaviors has been studied extensively, less attention has been given to its potential association with children's snacking habits. To address this gap, we conducted a systematic review to describe associations between food parenting and child snacking, or consuming energy dense foods/foods in between meals. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched using standardized language to identify quantitative studies describing associations of general and feeding-specific parenting styles as well as food parenting practices with snacking behaviors of children aged 2-18 years...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095005/frequency-and-quality-of-mid-afternoon-snack-among-spanish-children
#11
Cristina Julian, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Maria Luisa Miguel-Berges, Luis Alberto Moreno
INTRODUCTION: There are increasing concerns about the types of foods and beverages consumed by children during mid-afternoon snack in Spain. AIM: To describe the frequency and quality of the mid-afternoon snack in a representative sample of Spanish children. METHODS: A total of 1,233 younger (three to six years) and 1,618 older (seven to twelve years) children participated in the study. The report of food and beverages consumed per week during the mid-afternoon snack meal (merienda)was obtained by an online platform...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089846/production-of-hypoallergenic-antibacterial-peptides-from-defatted-soybean-meal-in-membrane-bioreactor-a-bioprocess-engineering-study-with-comprehensive-product-characterization
#12
Arijit Nath, Gábor Szécsi, Barbara Csehi, Zsuzsa Mednyánszky, Gabriella Kiskó, Éva Bányai, Mihály Dernovics, András Koris
Hypoallergenic antibacterial low-molecular-mass peptides were produced from defatted soybean meal in a membrane bioreactor. In the first step, soybean meal proteins were digested with trypsin in the bioreactor, operated in batch mode. For the tryptic digestion of soybean meal protein, optimum initial soybean meal concentration of 75 g/L, temperature of 40 °C and pH=9.0 were determined. After enzymatic digestion, low-molecular-mass peptides were purified with cross-flow flat sheet membrane (pore size 100 µm) and then with tubular ceramic ultrafiltration membrane (molecular mass cut-off 5 kDa)...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082827/influences-on-headache-trigger-beliefs-and-perceptions
#13
Dana P Turner, Timothy T Houle
Background Previous headache trigger studies have primarily utilized checklists to measure beliefs about triggers. While this work has defined the diversity of beliefs across headache sufferers, the strength of association and the frequency at which these triggers are encountered remain unexplored. Objective To measure the strength of association, frequency of encounter, and influences on trigger beliefs and perceptions using a laboratory assessment task. Methods This cross-sectional observational study, part of the HACOGS project, included adult current migraine, tension-type, or cluster headache sufferers...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082242/colonic-transit-time-and-gut-peptides-in-adult-patients-with-slow-and-normal-colonic-transit-constipation
#14
Giuseppe Riezzo, Guglielmina Chimienti, Caterina Clemente, Benedetta D'Attoma, Antonella Orlando, Caterina Mammone Rinaldi, Francesco Russo
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pathophysiological differences exist among healthy controls (HC) and patients with slow and normal transit constipation (STC and NTC), we evaluated (1) gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms using validated questionnaires; (2) circulating concentrations of neurotensin, motilin, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF), and somatostatin; and (3) possible differences in frequency distribution of the neurotensin rs1800832 A/G and Neurotensin Receptor 1 rs6090453 C/G SNPs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079392/promoting-healthy-home-environments-and-lifestyles-in-families-with-preschool-children-homestyles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, John Worobey, Nobuko Hongu, Virginia Quick
The purpose of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of participation in the HomeStyles intervention vs an attention control condition on the weight-related aspects of the home environment and lifestyle behavioral practices of families with preschool children. Parents of preschool children (n=489) were systematically randomized to experimental or attention control group after completing the baseline survey. Baseline and post surveys comprehensively assessed study outcomes using a socio-ecological approach incorporating valid, reliable intrapersonal (e...
October 24, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077567/dietary-patterns-in-toddlers-with-excess-weight-the-2016-pitnuts-study
#16
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
INTRODUCTION: Children's appropriate dietary pattern determines their optimal development, reduces the risk of childhood diseases and the risk of diet-dependent diseases, including obesity in adulthood. AIM: To analyze the dietary patterns of children with excess weight aged 1-3 years in comparison with the main components of the safe nutrition model including: the organization of meals (frequency of meals), selection of products (food intake), energy and nutritional value of children's diets...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066025/eating-alone-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-population-based-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#17
A Rom Kwon, Yeong Sook Yoon, Kyong Pil Min, Yoon Kyung Lee, Ji Ho Jeon
Eating alone has been an emerging social concern in modern life. However, there is little research on the association between eating alone and Metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to assess the association between eating alone and the MetS and to identify whether sociodemographic factors modify this association. This study included 7725 adults (≥19 years) who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2014. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used for assessing the association of eating alone (none, 1 time/day, and ≥2 times/day) with MetS...
October 20, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059652/gerd-clinical-solutions-of-problems-in-general-practice
#18
Viacheslav Chernobroviy, Serhij Melashchenko, Oleh Ksenchyn
INTRODUCTION: A systematic review of the results of 15 epidemiological studies showed that the prevalence of GERD in the population of Western Europe and North America is 10-20%. The frequency of GERD prevalence in the population is obviously higher than that according to the data of statistics, due to the fact that only a small amount of patients with heartburn apply for medical care, and the fact that not all doctors, especially general practitioners, devote sufficient attention to this problem...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057788/relationship-between-self-rated-health-and-lifestyle-and-food-habits-in-japanese-high-school-students
#19
Tomoko Osera, Mitsuyo Awai, Misako Kobayashi, Setsuko Tsutie, Nobutaka Kurihara
Self-rated health (SRH), a subjective assessment of health status, is extensively used in the field of public health. It is an important and valid measure that is strongly related to morbidity, mortality, longevity and health status. Adolescence is a crucial period for the formation of health status, because health-risk behaviours (e.g., skipping breakfast) are often established during this period. In this study, we investigated the relationship of SRH with lifestyle and eating habits in Japanese high school students...
October 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055537/mitigation-of-variability-between-competitively-fed-dairy-cows-through-increased-feed-delivery-frequency
#20
R E Crossley, A Harlander-Matauschek, T J DeVries
The objective of this study was to determine whether increased frequency of total mixed ration (TMR) delivery could mitigate the effects of feed bunk competition on the behavior and productivity of individual lactating dairy cows within a group. We hypothesized that, for competitively fed cows, a greater frequency of TMR delivery would improve access to feed, and reduce individual variability in behavior, meal patterns, and production between cows. Sixteen lactating Holstein dairy cows (first lactation = 4, second lactation = 5, ≥ third lactation = 7) averaging 72 ± 35 d in milk and producing 42 ± 6 kg of milk/d at the start of the trial, were categorized as either young (≤ second lactation) or mature (≥ third lactation) and paired to maximize difference in parity...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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