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Prerequisite selecting medical student

Yuliia V Lysanets, Olena M Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the prevalence of Latin terms and terminological collocations in the issues of Journal of Medical Case Reports (February 2007-August 2017) and discusses the role of Latin terminology in the contemporary process of writing medical case reports. METHODS: The objective of the research is to study the frequency of using Latin terminology in English-language medical case reports, thus providing relevant guidelines for medical professionals who deal with this genre and drawing their attention to the peculiarities of using Latin in case reports...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Hussein Haruna, Ndumiso Tshuma, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Understanding health information needs and health-seeking behavior is a prerequisite for developing an electronic health information literacy (EHIL) or eHealth literacy program for nondegree health sciences students. At present, interest in researching health information needs and reliable sources paradigms has gained momentum in many countries. However, most studies focus on health professionals and students in higher education institutions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at providing new insight and filling the existing gap by examining health information needs and reliability of sources among nondegree health sciences students in Tanzania...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
P Anheuser, J Kranz, K P Dieckmann, J Steffens, V Oubaid
As in aviation and other organizations requiring high levels of safety, medical complications and errors can in most cases be traced back to the human factor as a main cause. The correct selection of medical students and physicians is therefore very important, especially in leadership and key positions. This is not only a necessary safety aspect but also the prerequisite for the stipulated efficiency of modern medicine.
November 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Abdelmarouf H Mohieldein
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes became the target and priority for universities around the world. In this systematic review we collected and retrieved literature using a selection of electronic databases. The objectives of this report is to: 1) provide an overview of the evolution of outcome-based education (OBE), (2) illustrate the philosophy and principle of OBE, (3) list the OBE advantages and benefits, (4) describe the assessment strategies used in OBE, and (5) discuss the role of teachers and students as key elements...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Mehran Seif-Farshad, Shabnam Bazmi, Farzad Amiri, Faeze Fattahi, Mehrzad Kiani
Although medical professionalism is a fundamental aspect of competence in medicine and a distinct facet of physicians' competence, evidence suggests that the subject of professionalism is not taught or assessed as part of medical students' curricula in Iran and many other countries. Assessing the knowledge of medical students and physicians about medical professionalism seems to be helpful in identifying the weaknesses of training in the field of professionalism and devise plans for future training on the subject...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Robyn Latessa, Norma Beaty, Kenneth Royal, Gaye Colvin, Donald E Pathman, Jeffery Heck
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) receive recognition internationally as effective, innovative alternatives to traditional block rotations (TBRs) in undergraduate medical education. No studies of LICs in the USA have assessed how students perform on all the standardized exams. AIM: To compare performance on standardized tests of students in the first four years of LICs at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine-Asheville (UNC SOM-Asheville) with students from UNC SOM's Chapel Hill main campus in TBRs...
2015: Medical Teacher
S Froehlich, R Kasch, P Schwanitz, A P Schulz, F Walcher, W Mittelmeier, U Obertacke
INTRODUCTION: The changes in medical licensing regulations introduced in Germany in 2012 require the development of specific catalogues, termed logbooks, that define the practical skills medical students should acquire in different specialties. In conjunction with another change in medical education, which allows medical students to freely select any German university hospital or academic teaching hospital for their one-year internship, these catalogues are a prerequisite for ensuring comparable training standards throughout Germany...
December 2013: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Mette Heringa, Henk Buurma, Marcel L Bouvy, Peter A G M De Smet
BACKGROUND: Complete and up-to-date medical and pharmaceutical information in the electronic patient record (EPR) is a prerequisite for risk management in community pharmacy. OBJECTIVES: To analyze which information is missing in the EPR and which drug therapy alerts, therefore, fail to appear. METHODS: Pharmacy students selected patients who were dispensed a prescription drug and enlisted for >3 months in the participating pharmacies. Patients received a questionnaire in which they were asked to verify their medication history, and to provide additional patient information...
October 2013: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Danette W McKinley, Brian J Hess, John R Boulet, Rebecca S Lipner
Changes in certification requirements and examinee characteristics are likely to influence the validity of the evidence associated with interpretations made based on test data. We examined whether changes in Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification requirements over time were associated with changes in internal medicine (IM) residency program director ratings and certification examination scores. Comparisons were made between physicians who were ECFMG-certified before and after the Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) requirement...
March 2014: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
M Kadmon, M J Bender, F Adili, D Arbab, M K Heinemann, H S Hofmann, S König, M A Küper, U Obertacke, H-O Rennekampff, U Rolle, M Rücker, R Sader, M Tingart, M M Tolksdorf, V Tronnier, B Will, F Walcher
Competency-based medical education is a prerequisite to prepare students for the medical profession. A mandatory professional qualification framework is a milestone towards this aim. The National Competency-based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) of the German Medical Faculty Association (MFT) and the German Medical Association will constitute a basis for a core curriculum of undergraduate medical training. The Surgical Working Group on Medical Education (CAL) of the German Association of Surgeons (DGCH) aims at formulating a competency-based catalogue of learning objectives for surgical undergraduate training to bridge the gap between the NKLM and the learning objectives of individual medical faculties...
April 2013: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Abdulrahman M Al-Mazrou
BACKGROUND: Student admission into the College of Medicine at King Saud University (KSU) is dependent on the achievement of a grade point average (GPA) of ≥3.5 /5 by the end of the premedical year. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether pre-selected medical students who achieve a relatively low GPA (≤3.75/5) in the premedical year are at risk of having academic difficulties in subsequent years. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of all students admitted to the College of Medicine at KSU during 5 academic years (1994 to 1998) was conducted in 2004...
May 2008: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Ed Michaud, Paul F Jacques, F J Gianola, Ken Harbert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the admission policies, experiences, and attitudes of physician assistant (PA) program directors with regard to recruiting, admitting, and training veteran corpsmen and medics. METHODS: A descriptive survey consisting of 18 questions was distributed to all 154 PA program directors in the United States. RESULTS: One hundred ten (71.4%) program directors participated in the survey. Veterans were admitted into 83...
2012: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Elissa R Weitzman, Liljana Kaci, Kenneth D Mandl
BACKGROUND: Engaging consumers in sharing information from personally controlled health records (PCHRs) for health research may promote goals of improving care and advancing public health consistent with the federal Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. Understanding consumer willingness to share data is critical to advancing this model. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to characterize consumer willingness to share PCHR data for health research and the conditions and contexts bearing on willingness to share...
May 25, 2010: Journal of Medical Internet Research
David M Darda
The observation that anatomical course offerings have decreased in undergraduate biology curricula is supported by a survey of undergraduate institutions in the state of Washington. This reduction, due partially to increased emphasis in other areas of the biology curriculum, along with the lack of anatomy prerequisites for admission to most medical and dental schools, has resulted in many biology majors who have little or no exposure to the anatomical sciences. This is a disservice to our students who need to understand organismal form and function to better connect our rapidly expanding knowledge of life at the cell and molecular level to our understanding of the role of organisms in ecosystems and as the primary target of natural selection in evolutionary change...
March 2010: Anatomical Sciences Education
Ben Hoggan, Gillian Laven, Jonathan W Newbury, Caroline Laurence, Vanessa Ryan, Sue Baillie, Felicity Baker
INTRODUCTION: Rural background is an acknowledged predictor of later rural medical practice. This study aimed to explore why only small numbers of high school students from rural South Australia seek entry to the University of Adelaide Medical School. METHOD: Questionnaires were designed to explore the interest in, knowledge of and attitudes about studying medicine of rural high school students, their parents and their careers counsellors. A stratified sample of 15 high schools in rural South Australia was selected...
October 2009: Rural and Remote Health
Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Peter A G M De Smet, Henk Buurma, Antoine C G Egberts, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: When patients visit a community pharmacy for the first time, the creation of an electronic patient record (EPR) with relevant and up-to-date data is a prerequisite for adequate medication surveillance and patient counseling. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of completeness of documentation in the EPR after a patient's first visit to a Dutch community pharmacy. METHODS: In each participating pharmacy, newly enlisted (<3 mo) patients to whom at least one medication had been dispensed were enrolled in this survey...
November 2009: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
J-P Bouchard
BACKGROUND: In France, as in the European Union, the number of psychologists continues to increase and constitutes by far the most important source of professionals in this field. The requests for services of psychologists in many various domains have also increased in an unprecedented way over a number of years. In spite of this development, which should continue to increase considerably, the initial training of psychologists remains uneven and disparate and often remote from, even unsuitable to, the legitimate expectations of users...
February 2009: L'Encéphale
A A Rovick, J A Michael, H I Modell, D S Bruce, B Horwitz, T Adamson, D R Richardson, D U Silverthorn, S A Whitescarver
Teachers establish prerequisites that students must meet before they are permitted to enter their courses. It is expected that having these prerequisites will provide students with the knowledge and skills they will need to successfully learn the course content. Also, the material that the students are expected to have previously learned need not be included in a course. We wanted to determine how accurate instructors' understanding of their students background knowledge actually was. To do this, we wrote a set of multiple-choice questions that could be used to test students' knowledge of concepts deemed to be essential for learning respiratory physiology...
June 1999: American Journal of Physiology
Pierre Jacquemart, Pierre Zweigenbaum
Question-answering (QA) systems, as have been presented and evaluated in several TREC conferences, are the next generation of search engines. They combine 'traditional' Information Retrieval (IR) with Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Knowledge Engineering techniques to provide shorter, more precise answers to natural language questions. We study here the feasibility of such a system for French in the health care domain. In this purpose, we collected a corpus of student questions in oral surgery. We examined two enabling conditions: on the IR side, how to select the right keywords in a question to identify relevant material on the Web for answering this question, a prerequisite for success; and on the NLP side, whether the contents of the questions fit the conceptual model of an existing QA prototype, a favorable condition for rapid implementation...
2003: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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