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Prerequisite selecting medical student

Robyn Latessa, Norma Beaty, Kenneth Royal, Gaye Colvin, Donald E Pathman, Jeffery Heck
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) receive recognition internationally as effective, innovative alternatives to traditional block rotations (TBRs) in undergraduate medical education. No studies of LICs in the USA have assessed how students perform on all the standardized exams. AIM: To compare performance on standardized tests of students in the first four years of LICs at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine-Asheville (UNC SOM-Asheville) with students from UNC SOM's Chapel Hill main campus in TBRs...
2015: Medical Teacher
S Froehlich, R Kasch, P Schwanitz, A P Schulz, F Walcher, W Mittelmeier, U Obertacke
INTRODUCTION: The changes in medical licensing regulations introduced in Germany in 2012 require the development of specific catalogues, termed logbooks, that define the practical skills medical students should acquire in different specialties. In conjunction with another change in medical education, which allows medical students to freely select any German university hospital or academic teaching hospital for their one-year internship, these catalogues are a prerequisite for ensuring comparable training standards throughout Germany...
December 2013: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Mette Heringa, Henk Buurma, Marcel L Bouvy, Peter A G M De Smet
BACKGROUND: Complete and up-to-date medical and pharmaceutical information in the electronic patient record (EPR) is a prerequisite for risk management in community pharmacy. OBJECTIVES: To analyze which information is missing in the EPR and which drug therapy alerts, therefore, fail to appear. METHODS: Pharmacy students selected patients who were dispensed a prescription drug and enlisted for >3 months in the participating pharmacies. Patients received a questionnaire in which they were asked to verify their medication history, and to provide additional patient information...
October 2013: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Danette W McKinley, Brian J Hess, John R Boulet, Rebecca S Lipner
Changes in certification requirements and examinee characteristics are likely to influence the validity of the evidence associated with interpretations made based on test data. We examined whether changes in Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification requirements over time were associated with changes in internal medicine (IM) residency program director ratings and certification examination scores. Comparisons were made between physicians who were ECFMG-certified before and after the Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) requirement...
March 2014: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
M Kadmon, M J Bender, F Adili, D Arbab, M K Heinemann, H S Hofmann, S König, M A Küper, U Obertacke, H-O Rennekampff, U Rolle, M Rücker, R Sader, M Tingart, M M Tolksdorf, V Tronnier, B Will, F Walcher
Competency-based medical education is a prerequisite to prepare students for the medical profession. A mandatory professional qualification framework is a milestone towards this aim. The National Competency-based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) of the German Medical Faculty Association (MFT) and the German Medical Association will constitute a basis for a core curriculum of undergraduate medical training. The Surgical Working Group on Medical Education (CAL) of the German Association of Surgeons (DGCH) aims at formulating a competency-based catalogue of learning objectives for surgical undergraduate training to bridge the gap between the NKLM and the learning objectives of individual medical faculties...
April 2013: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Abdulrahman M Al-Mazrou
BACKGROUND: Student admission into the College of Medicine at King Saud University (KSU) is dependent on the achievement of a grade point average (GPA) of ≥3.5 /5 by the end of the premedical year. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether pre-selected medical students who achieve a relatively low GPA (≤3.75/5) in the premedical year are at risk of having academic difficulties in subsequent years. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of all students admitted to the College of Medicine at KSU during 5 academic years (1994 to 1998) was conducted in 2004...
May 2008: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Ed Michaud, Paul F Jacques, F J Gianola, Ken Harbert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the admission policies, experiences, and attitudes of physician assistant (PA) program directors with regard to recruiting, admitting, and training veteran corpsmen and medics. METHODS: A descriptive survey consisting of 18 questions was distributed to all 154 PA program directors in the United States. RESULTS: One hundred ten (71.4%) program directors participated in the survey. Veterans were admitted into 83...
2012: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Elissa R Weitzman, Liljana Kaci, Kenneth D Mandl
BACKGROUND: Engaging consumers in sharing information from personally controlled health records (PCHRs) for health research may promote goals of improving care and advancing public health consistent with the federal Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. Understanding consumer willingness to share data is critical to advancing this model. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to characterize consumer willingness to share PCHR data for health research and the conditions and contexts bearing on willingness to share...
2010: Journal of Medical Internet Research
David M Darda
The observation that anatomical course offerings have decreased in undergraduate biology curricula is supported by a survey of undergraduate institutions in the state of Washington. This reduction, due partially to increased emphasis in other areas of the biology curriculum, along with the lack of anatomy prerequisites for admission to most medical and dental schools, has resulted in many biology majors who have little or no exposure to the anatomical sciences. This is a disservice to our students who need to understand organismal form and function to better connect our rapidly expanding knowledge of life at the cell and molecular level to our understanding of the role of organisms in ecosystems and as the primary target of natural selection in evolutionary change...
March 2010: Anatomical Sciences Education
Ben Hoggan, Gillian Laven, Jonathan W Newbury, Caroline Laurence, Vanessa Ryan, Sue Baillie, Felicity Baker
INTRODUCTION: Rural background is an acknowledged predictor of later rural medical practice. This study aimed to explore why only small numbers of high school students from rural South Australia seek entry to the University of Adelaide Medical School. METHOD: Questionnaires were designed to explore the interest in, knowledge of and attitudes about studying medicine of rural high school students, their parents and their careers counsellors. A stratified sample of 15 high schools in rural South Australia was selected...
October 2009: Rural and Remote Health
Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Peter A G M De Smet, Henk Buurma, Antoine C G Egberts, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: When patients visit a community pharmacy for the first time, the creation of an electronic patient record (EPR) with relevant and up-to-date data is a prerequisite for adequate medication surveillance and patient counseling. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of completeness of documentation in the EPR after a patient's first visit to a Dutch community pharmacy. METHODS: In each participating pharmacy, newly enlisted (<3 mo) patients to whom at least one medication had been dispensed were enrolled in this survey...
November 2009: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
J-P Bouchard
BACKGROUND: In France, as in the European Union, the number of psychologists continues to increase and constitutes by far the most important source of professionals in this field. The requests for services of psychologists in many various domains have also increased in an unprecedented way over a number of years. In spite of this development, which should continue to increase considerably, the initial training of psychologists remains uneven and disparate and often remote from, even unsuitable to, the legitimate expectations of users...
February 2009: L'Encéphale
A A Rovick, J A Michael, H I Modell, D S Bruce, B Horwitz, T Adamson, D R Richardson, D U Silverthorn, S A Whitescarver
Teachers establish prerequisites that students must meet before they are permitted to enter their courses. It is expected that having these prerequisites will provide students with the knowledge and skills they will need to successfully learn the course content. Also, the material that the students are expected to have previously learned need not be included in a course. We wanted to determine how accurate instructors' understanding of their students background knowledge actually was. To do this, we wrote a set of multiple-choice questions that could be used to test students' knowledge of concepts deemed to be essential for learning respiratory physiology...
June 1999: American Journal of Physiology
Pierre Jacquemart, Pierre Zweigenbaum
Question-answering (QA) systems, as have been presented and evaluated in several TREC conferences, are the next generation of search engines. They combine 'traditional' Information Retrieval (IR) with Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Knowledge Engineering techniques to provide shorter, more precise answers to natural language questions. We study here the feasibility of such a system for French in the health care domain. In this purpose, we collected a corpus of student questions in oral surgery. We examined two enabling conditions: on the IR side, how to select the right keywords in a question to identify relevant material on the Web for answering this question, a prerequisite for success; and on the NLP side, whether the contents of the questions fit the conceptual model of an existing QA prototype, a favorable condition for rapid implementation...
2003: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
A Weber, A Wacker, D Weltle, G Lehnert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gather, against the background of a long-discussed deficit in academic teaching, data on the current activities of medical faculties with regard to teaching, and to analyse these findings. Another aim was to obtain suggestions for establishing a consensus on indicators that could be used to assess the quality of teaching. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In March 2000, a written inquiry was addressed to the deans of all 37 medical faculties in Germany...
December 22, 2000: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
S DeAngelis, V Goral
PURPOSE: Selecting dental hygiene students who ultimately will be successful in their formal education and board examinations is critical to dental hygiene education and the profession. This study examined prior dental assisting experience as a predictor of performance during dental hygiene education as well as on licensure examinations. METHODS: The study included all 132 female students who graduated from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Dental Hygiene, from 1989 through 1993...
July 1995: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
T Magennis, J Mitchell
The university entry scores for school leavers admitted to the first year of the Bachelor of Applied Science (Health Information Management) degree at the University of Sydney in 1996 were examined to determine whether the Tertiary Entrance Rank (TER) was a good predictor of academic performance, as measured by grade point average (GPA). The study also examined Higher School Certificate (HSC) results in English and mathematics, and preference selection for the health information management (HIM) course to determine whether any of these had predictive validity...
June 1998: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
W G Snyder
INTRODUCTION: Predicting paramedic candidate performance on the written licensure examination is of considerable importance to educators, students, employers, and state regulators. There has been little investigation of the available statistical data regarding examinee pass rate and examination score. No studies have measured an examinee's sequential success pattern on the basic emergency medical technician (EMT) or paramedic examinations. There has been no analysis of the relationship between the number of examinations required for successful paramedic licensure and examination score...
July 1996: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
M Welkenhuysen, G Evers-Kiebooms, M Decruyenaere, H Van den Berghe, J Bande-Knops, V Van Gerven
Attitudes towards cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier testing, benefits of and barriers to having such a test were assessed within a randomly selected group of high school students in Flanders, after they had received sufficient basic information about the nature and the mode of inheritance of CF. Attitudes towards carrier testing for CF were not negative, but the majority preferred to wait to have a test. This result changed little after 6 months. A hypothetical testing offer from the Medical School Health Service elicited positive answers from nearly two thirds, suggesting that such an offer may function as a cue to action...
1996: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
F R Paranhos
Medical postgraduation in Brazil is divided into two categories: lato sensu (residency and fellowship) and stricto sensu (MSc, PhD), being the former a prerequisite to the latter. The author presents a study comparing two postgraduation courses in which both lato and stricto sensu are available, in order to determine if their selection criteria for the MSc/PhD courses are protective for their own residents (endogenic) and the consequences to their scientific production. The information concerning selection criteria and endogenic proportion was obtained directly from the courses' offices...
November 1995: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
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