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Electroacupuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913451/treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-with-acupuncture-a-narrative-review-of-the-relationship-between-acupuncture-dose-and-menstrual-pain-outcomes
#1
Mike Armour, Caroline A Smith
OBJECTIVE: A number of randomised controlled trials have been performed to determine the effectiveness or efficacy of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhoea. The objective of this review was to explore the relationship between the 'dose' of the acupuncture intervention and menstrual pain outcomes. METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for trials examining penetrating body acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea published in English up to September 2015...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909998/bilateral-transcutaneous-electroacupuncture-for-overdilation-of-gastric-tube-after-esophagectomy-report-of-a-case
#2
Zhi Wang, Jin-Cheng Liu, Qi-Liang Chen, Jun-Xiao Li, Qian-Hong Wu, Qiong Wu, Kang Li, Cheng-Xue Dang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904490/antidepressant-effect-of-electroacupuncture-regulates-signal-targeting-in-the-brain-and-increases-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels
#3
Dong-Mei Duan, Ya Tu, Ping Liu, Shuang Jiao
Electroacupuncture improves depressive behavior faster and with fewer adverse effects than antidepressant medication. However, the antidepressant mechanism of electroacupuncture remains poorly understood. Here, we established a rat model of chronic unpredicted mild stress, and then treated these rats with electroacupuncture at Yintang (EX-HN3) and Baihui (DU20) with sparse waves at 2 Hz and 0.6 mA for 30 minutes, once a day. We found increased horizontal and vertical activity, and decreased immobility time, at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896621/distinct-roles-of-asic3-and-trpv1-receptors-in-electroacupuncture-induced-segmental-and-systemic-analgesia
#4
Juanjuan Xin, Yangshuai Su, Zhaokun Yang, Wei He, Hong Shi, Xiaoyu Wang, Ling Hu, Xiaochun Yu, Xianghong Jing, Bing Zhu
Previous studies have demonstrated the effects of different afferent fibers on electroacupuncture (EA)-induced analgesia. However, contributions of functional receptors expressed on afferent fibers to the EA analgesia remain unclear. This study investigates the roles of acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors in EA-induced segmental and systemic analgesia. Effects of EA at acupoint ST36 with different intensities on the C-fiber reflex and mechanical and thermal pain thresholds were measured among the ASIC3(-/-), TRPV1(-/-), and C57BL/6 mice...
November 28, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855085/comparison-of-acupuncture-pretreatment-followed-by-letrozole-versus-letrozole-alone-on-live-birth-in-anovulatory-infertile-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Juan Li, Ernest Hung Yu Ng, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Zhenxing Hu, Wanting Wu, Maohua Lai, Taixiang Wu, Hongxia Ma
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is considered to be one of the major pathophysiological changes in PCOS that leads to anovulatory infertility. We hypothesise that electroacupuncture pretreatment improves insulin sensitivity and leads to a higher ovulation rate and greater chances of live birth after the induction of ovulation. The effect of electroacupuncture pretreatment followed by ovulation induction in women with anovulatory PCOS has not been investigated before, and we present here a randomised controlled trial to test this hypothesis by comparing electroacupuncture pretreatment followed by letrozole versus letrozole alone in anovulatory women with PCOS...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852563/effects-of-electroacupuncture-at-st25-and-bl25-in-a-sennae-induced-rat-model-of-diarrhoea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
Xianwei Zhu, Zhibin Liu, Wenmin Niu, Yuan Wang, Aimin Zhang, Hongyan Qu, Jing Zhou, Lu Bai, Yong Yang, Jie Li
BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) may have a role in the treatment of diarrhoea symptoms. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter and paracrine signalling molecule in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which initiates peristaltic, secretory, vasodilatory, vagal and nociceptive reflexes. In addition, according to the results of our previous report, EA stimulation mediates GI peristalsis by increasing expression of 5-HT and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH). AIM: To investigate the effect of EA at acupuncture points ST25 and BL25 in a rat model of diarrhoea...
November 15, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852302/early-electroacupuncture-treatment-ameliorates-neuroinflammation-in-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Wei-Chen Tang, Yao-Chin Hsu, Che-Chuan Wang, Chiao-Ya Hu, Chung-Ching Chio, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is the leading cause of neurological sequelae after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the neuroprotective effects of electroacupuncture (EA) are mediated by anti-neuroinflammatory effects in a rat model of TBI. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated, TBI control, and EA-treated. The animals in the sham-operated group underwent a sham operation, those in the TBI control group were subjected to TBI, but not EA, and those in the EA group were treated with EA for 60 min immediately after TBI, daily for 3 consecutive days...
November 16, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843474/electroacupuncture-pretreatment-at-gb20-exerts-antinociceptive-effects-via-peripheral-and-central-serotonin-mechanism-in-conscious-migraine-rats
#8
Lu Liu, Pei Pei, Luo-Peng Zhao, Zheng-Yang Qu, Yu-Pu Zhu, Lin-Peng Wang
Background. While electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment in migraine has been found to attenuate pain and frequencies of attacks, the underlying mechanism of its antinociceptive effect remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that the serotonin system may be involved in migraine pathophysiology. Method. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to Control, Model, EA, and sham acupuncture (SA) groups. HomeCageScan was used to measure the effects on spontaneous nociceptive behaviors. Radioimmunoassay and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to evaluate the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (HT) in the plasma and three-key structure of the descending pain modulatory system...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834685/antagonism-of-cannabinoid-receptor-1-attenuates-the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-electroacupuncture-in-a-rodent-model-of-migraine
#9
Hui Zhang, Shengdong He, Youping Hu, Hui Zheng
BACKGROUND: The anti-nociceptive effects of electroacupuncture (EA) in migraine have been documented in multiple randomised controlled trials. Neurogenic inflammation plays a key role in migraine attacks, and the anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture have been associated with the type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptor. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether CB1 receptors mediate the anti-inflammatory effects of EA on migraine attacks. METHODS: A migraine model was produced in Sprague-Dawley rats by unilateral electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion (TGES)...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834684/effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-uterine-morphology-and-expression-of-oestrogen-receptors-in-ovariectomised-rats
#10
Shulan Ma, Dongju Li, Yi Feng, Jianwei Jiang, Bo Shen
AIM: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on uterine morphology and expression of oestrogen receptor (ER) α and β in ovariectomised (OVX) rats. METHODS: Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats with regular 4-day oestrus cycles were divided into a sham operation group (Control, n=10) and two OVX groups that remained untreated (OVX group, n=10) or received EA treatment (OVX+EA group, n=10). In the latter group, EA was applied at CV4, CV3, SP6 and bilateral Zigong (30 min per day) for 3 days...
November 10, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833763/electroacupuncture-reduces-the-effects-of-acute-noxious-stimulation-on-the-electrical-activity-of-pain-related-neurons-in-the-hippocampus-of-control-and-neuropathic-pain-rats
#11
Jun-Ying Wang, Renbo Chen, Shu-Ping Chen, Yong-Hui Gao, Jian-Liang Zhang, Xiu-Mei Feng, Yaxia Yan, Jun-Ling Liu, Ingrid Gaischek, Daniela Litscher, Lu Wang, Irmgard Th Lippe, Gerhard Litscher
To study the effects of acupuncture analgesia on the hippocampus, we observed the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitor on pain-excited neurons (PENs) and pain-inhibited neurons (PINs) in the hippocampal area CA1 of sham or chronic constrictive injury (CCI) rats. The animals were randomly divided into a control, a CCI, and a U0126 (MEK1/2 inhibitor) group. In all experiments, we briefly (10-second duration) stimulated the sciatic nerve electrically and recorded the firing rates of PENs and PINs...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832623/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-electroacupuncture-with-different-grades-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-prospective-study
#12
Li Qi, Yonggang Tang, Yong You, Fengling Qin, Lijuan Zhai, Hongxia Peng, Rongrong Nie
BACKGROUND: The electroacupuncture (EA) with different number of points significantly affected its efficacy on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and the severity of KOA also influenced its response to treatments. Hence, we prospectively compared the clinical efficacy of EA on KOA with different severities. METHODS: A total of 132 KOA patients recruited from 181st Central Hospital of The Chinese People's Liberation Army between March 2014 and March 2015 were classified into 4 KOA stages according to Kellgren Lawrence grading scale...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829866/electroacupuncture-ameliorates-learning-and-memory-and-improves-synaptic-plasticity-via-activation-of-the-pka-creb-signaling-pathway-in-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#13
Cai-Xia Zheng, Min Lu, Ya-Bi Guo, Feng-Xia Zhang, Hua Liu, Feng Guo, Xiao-Lin Huang, Xiao-Hua Han
Electroacupuncture (EA) has shown protective effects on cognitive decline. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are ill-understood. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the cognitive function was ameliorated in cerebral hypoperfusion rats following EA and to investigate the role of PKA/CREB pathway. We used a rat 2-vessel occlusion (2VO) model and delivered EA at Baihui (GV20) and Dazhui (GV14) acupoints. Morris water maze (MWM) task, electrophysiological recording, Golgi silver stain, Nissl stain, Western blot, and real-time PCR were employed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829865/improvement-of-electroacupuncture-on-app-ps1-transgenic-mice-in-spatial-learning-and-memory-probably-due-to-expression-of-a%C3%AE-and-lrp1-in-hippocampus
#14
Xin Wang, Yanhuan Miao, Jiawula Abulizi, Fu Li, Yuping Mo, Weiguo Xue, Zhigang Li
Objectives. To explore the alterations of β-amyloid (Aβ) and low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) in APP/PS1 mice after electroacupuncture (EA) treatment and further to explore the mechanism. Methods. Forty 6-month-old APP/PS1 mice were randomly divided into a model group and an EA group, with twenty wild-type mice used as a normal control group. Mice in the EA group were treated with EA at GV 20 (băi huì) and bilateral KI 1 (yŏng quán) acupoints for 6 weeks. The Morris water maze was applied to assess the spatial memory in behavior...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818700/electroacupuncture-at-st37-enhances-jejunal-motility-via-excitation-of-the-parasympathetic-system-in-rats-and-mice
#15
Mengqian Yuan, Yuqin Li, Yidan Wang, Na Zhang, XuanMing Hu, Yin Yin, Bing Zhu, Zhi Yu, Bin Xu
Background. The roles of the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems in mediating the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST37 on jejunal motility have yet to be demonstrated. Aim. We used rats and mice to investigate the effect and mechanism of action of EA at ST37 on jejunal motility. Methods. Jejunal motility was recorded by a balloon placed in the jejunum and connected to a biological signal collection system through a transducer. The effects of EA (3 mA) at ST37 were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats without drugs and with the administration of clenbuterol, propranolol, acetylcholine, and atropine...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818699/effects-of-electroacupuncture-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jae-Woo Shim, Jae-Young Jung, Sung-Soo Kim
Purpose. This study aims to verify the effects of electroacupuncture treatment on osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods. MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, AMED, CNKI, and five Korean databases were searched by predefined search strategies to screen eligible randomized controlled studies meeting established criteria. Any risk of bias in the included studies was assessed with the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan version 5.3 software. Results. Thirty-one randomized controlled studies of 3,187 participants were included in this systematic review...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800006/the-effect-of-repeated-electroacupuncture-analgesia-on-neurotrophic-and-cytokine-factors-in-neuropathic-pain-rats
#17
Junying Wang, Yonghui Gao, Shuping Chen, Chenlin Duanmu, Jianliang Zhang, Xiumei Feng, Yaxia Yan, Junling Liu, Gerhard Litscher
Chronic pain is a common disability influencing quality of life. Results of previous studies showed that acupuncture has a cumulative analgesic effect, but the relationship with spinal cytokines neurotrophic factors released by astrocytes remains unknown. The present study was designed to observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on spinal cytokines neurotrophic factors in chronic neuropathic pain rats. The chronic neuropathic pain was established by chronic constrictive injury (CCI). EA treatment was applied at Zusanli (ST36) and Yanglingquan (GB34) (both bilateral) once a day, for 30 min...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800003/electroacupuncture-ameliorates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-regulation-of-autophagy-and-apoptosis
#18
Shi Shu, Chun-Ming Li, Yan-Li You, Xiao-Lu Qian, Shuang Zhou, Chang-Quan Ling
Background. The therapeutic mechanisms of cerebral ischemia treatment by acupuncture are yet not well addressed. Objective. We investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at GV26 observing the expression of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and LC3B and proportion of apoptotic cells and Bcl-2 positive cells in MCAO/R model rats. Methods. Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly assigned to 7 groups: model groups (M6h, M24h, and M72h), EA treatment groups (T6h, T24h, and T72h), and sham operation group (S)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790765/acupuncture-does-not-restore-metabolic-disturbances-in-the-p450-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rat-model
#19
Manuel Maliqueo, Anna Benrick, Rodrigo Rodrigues Marcondes, Julia Johansson, Miao Sun, Elisabet Stener-Victorin
Low-frequency electroacupuncture restores sex steroid synthesis and sympathetic activity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, which may improve its metabolic disturbances likely by modulating sympathetic nerve activity or sex steroid synthesis. We investigated whether low-frequency electroacupuncture regulates the metabolic function to the same extent as treatment with estradiol or β-adrenergic blocking in a rat model of polycystic ovary syndrome induced by a P450 aromatase inhibitor (letrozole). Letrozole (200 μg per day) or placebo pellets were implanted in pre-pubertal Wistar rats...
October 28, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785318/autonomic-evaluation-of-patients-with-gastroparesis-and-neurostimulation-comparisons-of-direct-systemic-and-indirect-cardiac-measures
#20
Abigail Stocker, Thomas L Abell, Hani Rashed, Archana Kedar, Ben Boatright, Jiande Chen
BACKGROUND: Disorders of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and related problems often are manifestations of gastrointestinal, neuromuscular, and/or autonomic dysfunction. Many of these patients respond to neurostimulation, either gastric electrical stimulation or electroacupuncture. Both of these therapeutic techniques appear to influence the autonomic nervous system which can be evaluated directly by traditional testing and indirectly by heart rate variability. METHODS: We studied patients undergoing gastric neuromodulation by both systemic autonomic testing (39 patients, six males and 33 females, mean age 38 years) and systemic autonomic testing and heart rate variability (35 patients, seven males and 28 females, mean age 37 years) testing before and after gastric neuromodulation...
February 2016: Gastroenterology Research
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