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Chinese herbal medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447713/tetramethylpyrazine-mediated-regulation-of-cxcr4-in-retinoblastoma-is-sensitive-to-cell-density
#1
Nandan Wu, Lijun Xu, Ying Yang, Na Yu, Zhang Zhang, Pei Chen, Jing Zhang, Mingjun Tang, Meng Yuan, Jian Ge, Keming Yu, Jing Zhuang
Retinoblastoma is the most common ocular tumor in children, and it causes extensive damage. Current treatment options for retinoblastoma include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and cryotherapy. However, the majority of chemotherapy medicines cause complications and side effects that lead to severe impairment of patient health. Previous studies have reported that tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), which is an extract of the Chinese herbal medicine Chuanxiong, reduces the risk of multidrug resistance in chemotherapy and inhibits the proliferation and metastasis of various types of cancer cells...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443025/honokiol-induces-apoptosis-g1-arrest-and-autophagy-in-kras-mutant-lung-cancer-cells
#2
Lian-Xiang Luo, Ying Li, Zhong-Qiu Liu, Xing-Xing Fan, Fu-Gang Duan, Run-Ze Li, Xiao-Jun Yao, Elaine Lai-Han Leung, Liang Liu
Aberrant signaling transduction induced by mutant KRAS proteins occurs in 20∼30% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, a direct and effective pharmacological inhibitor targeting KRAS has not yet reached the clinic to date. Honokiol, a small molecular polyphenol natural biophenolic compound derived from the bark of magnolia trees, exerts anticancer activity, however, its mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the in vitro effects of honokiol on NSCLC cell lines harboring KRAS mutations...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440419/different-effects-of-%C3%A2-borneol-and-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-borneol-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-osthole-in-rats-following-oral-administration
#3
Dan-Dan Luo, Xiao-Ying Chen, Zhen-Biao Zhang, Chao-Yue Sun, Yi-Feng Zheng, Yu-Hong Liu, Xiu-Fen Wang, Qi Wang, Janis Ya-Xian Zhan, Zi-Ren Su
Osthole is the primary active component of a number of herbal plants such as the Cnidium monnieri fruit. In traditional Chinese herb medicine, osthole is commonly used in combination with borneol to obtain improved pharmacological effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of borneol enantiomers on the pharmacokinetics of osthole. An appropriate high‑performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was applied to determine the concentrations of osthole in plasma. Following oral administration of osthole alone or combined with borneol in rats, blood samples were collected and analyzed by HPLC...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439292/effects-of-bushen-tianjing-recipe-in-a-rat-model-of-tripterygium-glycoside-induced-premature-ovarian-failure
#4
Xiaofeng Xu, Yong Tan, Guorong Jiang, Xuanyi Chen, Rensheng Lai, Lurong Zhang, Guoqiang Liang
BACKGROUND: Bushen Tianjing Recipe (BTR) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been prescribed for premature ovarian failure (POF) for decades in China. Nevertheless, little is known regarding its underlying molecular mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BTR in a tripterygium glycoside (TG)-induced-POF rat model. METHODS: Three doses of BTR were administered via intragastric gavage to adult female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with TG-induced POF...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434474/chinese-herbal-medicine-adjunct-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-relapse-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Liang Song, Qi-Hui Zhou, Hui-Lin Wang, Feng-Jiao Liao, Liang Hua, Hong-Feng Zhang, Li-Bo Huang, Yan Lin, Guo-Qing Zheng
BACKGROUND: Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) resort to complementary and alternative medicine, which is used in 33%-80% of MS patients in the developed country. The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an adjunct therapy of patients with acute relapse of MS. METHODS: Six databases were searched for randomized-controlled trial of CHM for acute relapse of MS. The risk of bias was assessed by using the twelve criteria recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434468/the-effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-banxia-baizhu-tianma-decoction-for-the-treatment-of-vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-vertigo-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
ZhenLang Guo, ZhenNing Su, ZhengFei Wang, XiaoMu Luo, RenKui Lai
OBJECTIVES: Banxia Baizhu Tianma Decoction (BBTD) is widely used to treat vertebrobasilar insufficiency vertigo (VBIV) in China, but its efficacy remains largely unexplored. We systemically summarized relevant evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the therapeutic effect of BBTD. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched for relevant electronic studies published before July 2016. We evaluated RCTs that compared BBTD, anti-vertigo drugs and a combination of BBTD and anti-vertigo drugs...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432819/identification-of-bioactive-compounds-in-shaoyao-gancao-decoction-using-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-affinity-chromatography
#7
Zehua Li, Haiyang Gao, Jiangying Li, Yajun Zhang
Shaoyao-Gancao decoction, a Chinese herbal formula, is composed of Paeoniae Radix alba and Glycyrrhiza Radix et rhizoma. It has been widely used to treat muscle spasms and asthma. However, little is known about the bioactive components of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction. In the present study, the bioactive compounds in water-extract of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction were separated by the immobilized β2 -adrenoceptor affinity column and identified using quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The affinity constants of the separated compounds that bound to β2 -adrenoceptor were determined by frontal analysis...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432185/exogenous-cushing-s-syndrome-due-to-a-chinese-herbalist-s-prescription-of-ointment-containing-dexamethasone
#8
Viola Franke, Winnie Francien Scholtens, Ines Alexandra von Rosenstiel, Marie Jose Walenkamp
Eczema in children is a chronic disabling condition. The impact of this condition on the lives of families is often underestimated by conventional physicians. As a consequence parents may investigate complementary treatment options. Close monitoring by a paediatrician is essential, considering that a variety of adverse effects can occur during the use of complementary treatment. We present a 5-year-old girl with eczema. She visited a Chinese herbalist who prescribed an ointment. The parents noticed that the eczema resolved fast, itching decreased and she was finally sleeping well...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431028/hybrid-de-novo-genome-assembly-of-the-chinese-herbal-fleabane-erigeron-breviscapus
#9
Jing Yang, Guanghui Zhang, Jing Zhang, Hui Liu, Wei Chen, Xiao Wang, Yahe Li, Yang Dong, Shengchao Yang
Background: The plants in the Erigeron genus of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family are commonly called fleabanes, possibly due to the belief that certain chemicals in these plants repel fleas. In the traditional Chinese medicine, Erigeron breviscapus , which is native to China, was widely used in the treatment of cerebrovascular disease. A handful of bioactive compounds, including scutellarin, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, have been isolated from the plant...
April 18, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428548/antiviral-activities-of-schizonepeta-tenuifolia-briq-against-enterovirus-71-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Sin-Guang Chen, Mei-Ling Cheng, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Jim-Tong Horng, Ching-Chuan Liu, Shih-Min Wang, Hiroaki Sakurai, Yann-Lii Leu, Shulhn-Der Wang, Hung-Yao Ho
No effective drug is currently available for treatment of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection. Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. (ST) has been used as a herbal constituent of traditional Chinese medicine. We studied whether the aqueous extract of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq (STE) has antiviral activity. STE inhibited replication of EV71, as evident by its ability to diminish plaque formation and cytopathic effect induced by EV71, and to inhibit the synthesis of viral RNA and protein. Moreover, daily single-dose STE treatment significantly improved the survival of EV71-infected mice, and ameliorated the symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427912/hepataprotective-effects-of-ginsenoside-rg1-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Yan Gao, Shifeng Chu, Zhao Zhang, Naihong Chen
BACKGROUND AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ginseng has been used as efficient tonic and for the treatment of various diseases including hepatic disorders. Ginseng saponins, also known as ginsenosides, are principal constituents and have been treated to be responsible for disparate ginseng health benefits. The current review mainly focuses on ginsenoside Rg1, a compound isolated from traditional Chinese herbal medicine Panax ginseng Meyer. AIMS: To summary the hepataprotective effects and related mechanisms of ginsenoside Rg1, we conclude this review by combining the literature and our own researches...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425044/systematic-review-for-geo-authentic-lonicerae-japonicae-flos
#12
REVIEW
Xingyue Yang, Yali Liu, Aijuan Hou, Yang Yang, Xin Tian, Liyun He
In traditional Chinese medicine, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos is commonly used as anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antipyretic herbal medicine, and geo-authentic herbs are believed to present the highest quality among all samples from different regions. To discuss the current situation and trend of geo-authentic Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, we searched Chinese Biomedicine Literature Database, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Full-text Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wanfang, and PubMed...
April 19, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421123/study-of-the-hypoglycemic-activity-of-derivatives-of-isoflavones-from-cicer-arietinum-l
#13
Ying Wei, Pengshou Li, Bo Li, Jiaqi Gao, Dongchao Wang, Lingling Qin, Wen Sun, Yunling Xu, Haoxia Shi, Tunhai Xu, Tonghua Liu
The chickpea, a food and medicine used by the people of Xinjiang, has a beneficial hypoglycemic effect. To better utilize this national resource and develop hypoglycemic agents from components of the chickpea, a series of new derivatives of isoflavone compounds from the chickpea were synthesized. An insulin-resistant (IR) HepG2 cell model was used to screen the hypoglycemic activities of these compounds. And the structure-activity relationships of these compounds were explored. Additionally, several combinations of these compound displayed higher hypoglycemic activity than any single compound, and they had similar hypoglycemic activity to that of the positive control group (p > 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420096/a-network-based-pharmacology-study-of-the-herb-induced-liver-injury-potential-of-traditional-hepatoprotective-chinese-herbal-medicines
#14
Ming Hong, Sha Li, Hor Yue Tan, Fan Cheung, Ning Wang, Jihan Huang, Yibin Feng
Herbal medicines are widely used for treating liver diseases and generally regarded as safe due to their extensive use in Traditional Chinese Medicine practice for thousands of years. However, in recent years, there have been increased concerns regarding the long-term risk of Herb-Induced Liver Injury (HILI) in patients with liver dysfunction. Herein, two representative Chinese herbal medicines: one-Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT)-a composite formula, and the other-Radix Polygoni Multiflori (Heshouwu)-a single herb, were analyzed by network pharmacology study...
April 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418191/evaluation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-jinlida-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-based-on-stratification-results-of-subgroup-analysis-from-12-week-trial
#15
Jiaxing Tian, Fengmei Lian, Libo Yang, Xiaolin Tong
BACKGROUND: Previous study found that the Chinese Herbal Medicine Jinlida could significantly enhance the hypoglycemic action of metformin compared to metformin alone. However, the advantage of Jinlida has not been clarified yet. We aimed to compare the efficacy of Jinlida in patients with T2DM based on stratification. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a 12-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study of Jinlida. The efficacy evaluation included HbA1c, FPG and 2hPG levels stratified by baseline HbA1c, sex, age, BMI, and duration of DM diagnosis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417089/demographic-and-medication-characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-users-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-nationwide-database-study-in-taiwan
#16
Chien-Tung Wu, Yueh-Ting Tsai, Jung-Nien Lai
Chinese herbal product (CHP) is the major type of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and widely used to relief the symptom of colorectal cancer. The aim of the study was to analyze the utilization of CHP for treating patients with colorectal cancer in Taiwan. The usage of CHP, frequency of services, and prescription pattern for colorectal cancer were analyzed from a randomly sampled cohort of 1 million beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance Research Database. The odds ratios for utilization of CHP were estimated with logistic regression model...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416740/multi-targeting-therapeutic-mechanisms-of-the-chinese-herbal-medicine-qhd-in-the-treatment-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Qin Feng, Wensheng Liu, Susan S Baker, Hongshan Li, Cheng Chen, Qian Liu, Shijie Tang, Lingyu Guan, Maria Tsompana, Rafal Kozielski, Robert D Baker, Jinghua Peng, Ping Liu, Ruixin Zhu, Yiyang Hu, Lixin Zhu
Beneficial effects of the Chinese herbal medicine Qushi Huayu Decoction (QHD) were observed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients and animal models. The impact of QHD or its active components (geniposide and chlorogenic acid, GC) on NAFLD liver transcriptome and gut microbiota was examined with NAFLD rats. Increased expression for genes required for glutathione production and decreased expression for genes required for lipid synthesis was observed in NAFLD livers treated with QHD and GC. GC treatment decreased serum LPS, which could be explained by reduced mucosal damage in the colon of GC-treated rats...
February 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413985/salvianolic-acid-b-decreases-the-generation-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-by-modulating-bace1-activity
#18
Siva Sundara Kumar Durairajan, Venkat Reddy Chirasani, Sravan Gopalakrishnan Shetty, Ashok Iyaswamy, Sandeep Malampati, Juxian Song, Liangfeng Liu, Jiandong Huang, Sanjib Senapati, Min Li
Generation and accumulation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide after proteolytic processing of the full length amyloid precursor protein (FL-APP) by β-secretase (β-site APP cleaving enzyme or BACE1) and β -secretase is a main causal factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, inhibition of BACE1, a rate-limiting enzyme in the production of Aβ, is an attractive therapeutic approach for the treatment of AD. Recent studies suggest that salvianolic acid B (Sal B) isolated from the radix of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for the treatment of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and liver diseases in China...
April 17, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412217/dalbergia-odorifera-extract-promotes-angiogenesis-through-upregulation-of-vegfrs-and-pi3k-mapk-signaling-pathways
#19
Zhu-Ming Fan, Da-Ying Wang, Jian-Mei Yang, Zhi-Xiu Lin, Ai-Lin Yang, Hua Fan, Min Cao, Su-Yun Yuan, Zong-Jun Liu, Xin Zhou, You-Hua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The heart wood of Dalbergia odorifera is a Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for the treatment of various ischemic diseases in Chinese medicine practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, therapeutic angiogenesis effects of the Dalbergia odorifera extract (DOE) were investigated on transgenic zebrafish in vivo and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pro-angiogenic effects of DOE on zebrafish were examined by subintestinal vessels (SIVs) sprouting assay and intersegmental vessels (ISVs) injury assay...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410266/2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-prevention-of-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depressive-like-behaviors-in-mice-involves-neuroinflammation-and-oxido-nitrosative-stress-inhibition
#20
Zhuo Chen, Chao Huang, Haiyan He, Wenbin Ding
Although numerous hypotheses have been raised in recent years, the exact mechanisms that promote the development of major depression are largely unknown. Recently, strategies targeting the process of neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in depression have been attracting greater attention. 2, 3, 5, 4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), a compound purified from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine polygonummultiflorum, has been widely reported to inhibit neuroinflammation and oxidative stress...
April 13, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
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