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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433687/steroid-resistance-of-airway-type-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-ilc2s-from-severe-asthma-the-role-of-thymic-stromal-cell-lymphopoietin-tslp
#1
Sucai Liu, Mukesh Verma, Lidia Michalec, Weimin Liu, Anand Sripada, Donald Rollins, James Good, Yoko Ito, HongWei Chu, Magdalena M Gorska, Richard J Martin, Rafeul Alam
BACKGROUND: ILC2s represent an important type 2 immune cell. Glucocorticoid regulation of human ILC2s is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess steroid resistance of human blood and airway ILC2s from asthmatic patients and examine its mechanism of induction. METHODS: We studied human blood and lung ILC2s from asthmatic and control subjects by flow cytometry and ELISA. RESULTS: Dexamethasone (Dex) inhibited (P=0.04) CRTH2 and type 2 cytokine expression by blood ILC2s stimulated with IL25 and IL33...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423364/increased-expression-of-deleted-in-malignant-brain-tumors-dmbt1-gene-in-precancerous-gastric-lesions-findings-from-human-and-animal-studies
#2
Jone Garay, M Blanca Piazuelo, Lizbeth Lopez-Carrillo, Yelda A Leal, Sumana Majumdar, Li Li, Nataly Cruz-Rodriguez, Silvia J Serrano-Gomez, Carlos S Busso, Barbara G Schneider, Alberto G Delgado, Luis E Bravo, Angela M Crist, Stryder M Meadows, M Constanza Camargo, Keith T Wilson, Pelayo Correa, Jovanny Zabaleta
Helicobacter pylori infection triggers a cascade of inflammatory stages that may lead to the appearance of non-atrophic gastritis, multifocal atrophic, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer. Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) belongs to the group of secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich proteins and is considered to be involved in host defense by binding to pathogens. Initial studies showed its deletion and loss of expression in a variety of tumors but the role of this gene in tumor development is not completely understood...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418072/myb-gata1-fusion-promotes-basophilic-leukaemia-involvement-of-il33-and-nerve-growth-factor-receptors
#3
Stéphane Ducassou, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Marie-Céline Deau, Philippe Brunet de la Grange, Bruno Cardinaud, Hayssam Soueidan, Cathy Quelen, Pierre Brousset, Jean-Max Pasquet, François Moreau-Gaudry, Michel Arock, François-Xavier Mahon, Eric Lippert
Acute basophilic leukaemia (ABL) is a rare subtype of acute myeloblastic leukaemia. We previously described a recurrent t(X;6)(p11;q23) translocation generating a MYB-GATA1 fusion gene in male infants with ABL. To better understand its role, the chimeric MYB-GATA1 transcription factor was expressed in CD34-positive hematopoietic progenitors which were transplanted into immunodeficient mice. Cells expressing MYB-GATA1 showed increased expression of markers of immaturity (CD34), of granulocytic lineage (CD33, CD117) and of basophilic differentiation (CD203c, FcƐRI)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412870/the-effect-of-diabetes-on-ovaries-in-a-rat-model-the-role-of-interleukin-33-and-apoptosis
#4
Cenk Nayki, Umit Nayki, Mehmet Kulhan, Mustafa Ozkaraca, Serdar Altun, Murat Cankaya, Oruc Alper Onk, Pasa Ulug
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a novel cytokine involved in diabetes mellitus (DM) but its role in diabetic ovarian injury is unknown. As IL-33 is modulated by apoptosis, we aimed at investigating the effect of diabetes on ovaries in terms of evaluating apoptosis and IL-33 in a rat model. In this prospective experimental study, 16 female, nonpregnant Sprague-Dawley albino rats (12 weeks, 220-240 g) were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 included eight healthy nondiabetic rats as controls and group 2 included eight rats in which diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal (i...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410870/interleukin-33-in-children-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Y Wang, L Wang, S Hua
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that serum interleukin 33 serving as an "alarmin" is increased in children with asthma. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of serum IL33 test for early diagnosis of childhood asthma. METHODS: A literature search was performed in June 2016 using PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and other Chinese Medical Databases to identify studies. The search terms used were "cytokine", "interleukin-33", "asthma" and "children"...
April 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273074/a-rare-il33-loss-of-function-mutation-reduces-blood-eosinophil-counts-and-protects-from-asthma
#6
Dirk Smith, Hannes Helgason, Patrick Sulem, Unnur Steina Bjornsdottir, Ai Ching Lim, Gardar Sveinbjornsson, Haruki Hasegawa, Michael Brown, Randal R Ketchem, Monica Gavala, Logan Garrett, Adalbjorg Jonasdottir, Aslaug Jonasdottir, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Olafur T Magnusson, Gudmundur I Eyjolfsson, Isleifur Olafsson, Pall Torfi Onundarson, Olof Sigurdardottir, David Gislason, Thorarinn Gislason, Bjorn Runar Ludviksson, Dora Ludviksdottir, H Marike Boezen, Andrea Heinzmann, Marcus Krueger, Celeste Porsbjerg, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Johannes Waage, Vibeke Backer, Klaus A Deichmann, Gerard H Koppelman, Klaus Bønnelykke, Hans Bisgaard, Gisli Masson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, James A Johnston, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Kari Stefansson
IL-33 is a tissue-derived cytokine that induces and amplifies eosinophilic inflammation and has emerged as a promising new drug target for asthma and allergic disease. Common variants at IL33 and IL1RL1, encoding the IL-33 receptor ST2, associate with eosinophil counts and asthma. Through whole-genome sequencing and imputation into the Icelandic population, we found a rare variant in IL33 (NM_001199640:exon7:c.487-1G>C (rs146597587-C), allele frequency = 0.65%) that disrupts a canonical splice acceptor site before the last coding exon...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266165/il33-and-il1rl1-variants-are-associated-with-asthma-and-atopy-in-a-brazilian-population
#7
G A Queiroz, R S Costa, N M Alcantara-Neves, G Nunes de Oliveira Costa, M L Barreto, V L Carneiro, C A Figueiredo
Atopic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in airways resulting from genetic and environmental factors, characterized by production of the Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and interleukin-13 (IL-13). Interleukin-33 (IL-33) appears to be a potent inducer of Th2 immune response. This occurs when IL-33 binds and activates its receptor, the membrane ST2 (ST2L) in mast cells, dendritic cells, basophils, eosinophils, innate lymphoids and Th2 cells, leading to the release of these cytokines and intensifying allergic inflammation...
April 2017: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229819/dabigatran-aggravates-topoisomerase-i-peptide-loaded-dendritic-cells-induced-lung-and-skin-fibrosis
#8
Heena Mehta, Shunya Mashiko, Philippe-Olivier Goulet, Jade Desjardins, Gemma Pérez, Martial Koenig, Jean-Luc Senécal, Marika Sarfati
OBJECTIVES: Dysregulated coagulation cascade has been implicated in development of fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Thrombin, a key mediator of the coagulation pathway, has both proinflammatory and procoagulant properties. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of oral dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, on topoisomerase I dendritic cells (TOPOIA DCs)-induced lung and skin fibrosis, an experimental model of SSc. METHODS: Mice were repeatedly immunized with TOPOIA DCs...
February 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939673/perinatal-activation-of-the-interleukin-33-pathway-promotes-type-2-immunity-in-the-developing-lung
#9
Ismé M de Kleer, Mirjam Kool, Marjolein J W de Bruijn, Monique Willart, Justine van Moorleghem, Martijn J Schuijs, Maud Plantinga, Rudi Beyaert, Emily Hams, Padraic G Fallon, Hamida Hammad, Rudi W Hendriks, Bart N Lambrecht
Allergic disease originates in early life and polymorphisms in interleukin-33 gene (IL33) and IL1RL1, coding for IL-33R and decoy receptor sST2, confer allergy risk. Early life T helper 2 (Th2) cell skewing and allergy susceptibility are often seen as remnants of feto-maternal symbiosis. Here we report that shortly after birth, innate lymphoid type 2 cells (ILC2s), eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells spontaneously accumulated in developing lungs in an IL-33-dependent manner. During the phase of postnatal lung alveolarization, house dust mite exposure further increased IL-33, which boosted cytokine production in ILC2s and activated CD11b(+) dendritic cells (DCs)...
December 20, 2016: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899395/functional-definition-of-progenitors-versus-mature-endothelial-cells-reveals-key-soxf-dependent-differentiation-process
#10
Jatin Patel, Elke J Seppanen, Mathieu P Rodero, Ho Yi Wong, Prudence Donovan, Zoltan Neufeld, Nicholas M Fisk, Mathias François, Kiarash Khosrotehrani
BACKGROUND: -During adult life, blood vessel formation is thought to occur via angiogenic processes involving branching from existing vessels. An alternate proposal suggests that neo-vessels form from endothelial progenitors able to assemble the intimal layers. We here aimed to define vessel-resident endothelial progenitors in vivo in a variety of tissues in physiological and pathological situations such as normal aorta, lungs, as well as wound healing, tumors and placenta. METHODS: -Based on protein expression levels of common endothelial markers using flow cytometry, three sub-populations of endothelial cells could be identified among VE-Cadherin+ and CD45- cells...
November 29, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865862/impaired-mucus-clearance-exacerbates-allergen-induced-type-2-airway-inflammation-in-juvenile-mice
#11
Benedikt Fritzsching, Matthias Hagner, Lu Dai, Sandra Christochowitz, Raman Agrawal, Charlotte van Bodegom, Simone Schmidt, Jolanthe Schatterny, Stephanie Hirtz, Ryan Brown, Michelle Goritzka, Julia Duerr, Zhe Zhou-Suckow, Marcus A Mall
BACKGROUND: Type 2 airway inflammation plays a central role in the pathogenesis of allergen-induced asthma, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Recently, we demonstrated that reduced mucociliary clearance, a characteristic feature of asthma, produces spontaneous type 2 airway inflammation in juvenile β-epithelial Na(+) channel (Scnn1b)-transgenic (Tg) mice. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of impaired mucus clearance in the pathogenesis of allergen-induced type 2 airway inflammation and identify cellular sources of the signature cytokine IL-13...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826297/lipopolysaccharide-attenuates-induction-of-proallergic-cytokines-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-and-interleukin-33-in-respiratory-epithelial-cells-stimulated-with-polyi-c-and-human-parechovirus
#12
Tsang-Hsiung Lin, Chih-Chi Cheng, Hsing-Hao Su, Nan-Chieh Huang, Jih-Jung Chen, Hong-Yo Kang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
Epidemiological studies based on the "hygiene hypothesis" declare that the level of childhood exposure to environmental microbial products is inversely related to the incidence of allergic diseases in later life. Multiple types of immune cell-mediated immune regulation networks support the hygiene hypothesis. Epithelial cells are the first line of response to microbial products in the environment and bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems; however, their role in the hygiene hypothesis is unknown. To demonstrate the hygiene hypothesis in airway epithelial cells, we examined the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; toll-like receptor 4 ligand) on the expression of the proallergic cytokines thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and interleukin 33 (IL33) in H292 cells (pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma cells)...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775548/il-33-regulates-the-iga-microbiota-axis-to-restrain-il-1%C3%AE-dependent-colitis-and-tumorigenesis
#13
Ankit Malik, Deepika Sharma, Qifan Zhu, Rajendra Karki, Clifford S Guy, Peter Vogel, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) affect over 5 million individuals in the industrialized world, with an increasing incidence rate worldwide. IBD also predisposes affected individuals to development of colorectal cancer, which is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in adults. Mutations in genes encoding molecules in the IL-33 signaling pathway are associated with colitis and colitis-associated cancer (CAC), but how IL-33 modulates gut homeostasis is unclear. Here, we have shown that Il33-deficient mice are highly susceptible to colitis and CAC...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748438/loss-of-interleukin-33-expression-in-colonic-crypts-a-potential-marker-for-disease-remission-in-ulcerative-colitis
#14
Mona Dixon Gundersen, Rasmus Goll, Johanna Hol, Trine Olsen, Renathe Rismo, Sveinung W Sørbye, Olav Sundnes, Guttorm Haraldsen, Jon Florholmen
Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a cytokine preferentially elevated in acute ulcerative colitis (UC), inferring a role in its pathogenesis. The role of IL-33 in intestinal inflammation is incompletely understood, with both pro-inflammatory and regulatory properties described. There are also conflicting reports on cellular sources and subcellular location of IL-33 in the colonic mucosa, justifying a closer look at IL-33 expression in well-defined clinical stages of UC. A total of 50 study participants (29 UC patients and 21 healthy controls) were included from a prospective cohort of inflammatory bowel disease patients treated to disease remission with infliximab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) inhibitor...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692395/il33-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-potential-contribution-to-pathogenesis
#15
Rafaela Bicalho Viana Macedo, Adriana Maria Kakehasi, Marcus Vinicius Melo de Andrade
A better understanding of the inflammatory mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis and the development of biological therapy revolutionized its treatment, enabling an interference in the synovitis - structural damage - functional disability cycle. Interleukin 33 was recently described as a new member of the interleukin-1 family, whose common feature is its pro-inflammatory activity. Its involvement in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, raises the interest in the possible relationship with rheumatoid arthritis...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473664/influence-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-conidia-viability-on-murine-pulmonary-microrna-and-mrna-expression-following-subchronic-inhalation-exposure
#16
T L Croston, A P Nayak, A R Lemons, W T Goldsmith, J K Gu, D R Germolec, D H Beezhold, B J Green
BACKGROUND: Personal exposure to fungal bioaerosols derived from contaminated building materials or agricultural commodities may induce or exacerbate a variety of adverse health effects. The genomic mechanisms that underlie pulmonary immune responses to fungal bioaerosols have remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: The impact of fungal viability on the pulmonary microRNA and messenger RNA profiles that regulate murine immune responses was evaluated following subchronic inhalation exposure to Aspergillus fumigatus conidia...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372570/il-33-promotes-food-anaphylaxis-in-epicutaneously-sensitized-mice-by-targeting-mast-cells
#17
Claire Galand, Juan Manuel Leyva-Castillo, Juhan Yoon, Alex Han, Margaret S Lee, Andrew N J McKenzie, Michael Stassen, Michiko K Oyoshi, Fred D Finkelman, Raif S Geha
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous exposure to food allergens predisposes to food allergy, which is commonly associated with atopic dermatitis (AD). Levels of the epithelial cytokine IL-33 are increased in skin lesions and serum of patients with AD. Mast cells (MCs) play a critical role in food-induced anaphylaxis and express the IL-33 receptor ST2. The role of IL-33 in patients with MC-dependent food anaphylaxis is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role and mechanism of action of IL-33 in patients with food-induced anaphylaxis in a model of IgE-dependent food anaphylaxis elicited by oral challenge of epicutaneously sensitized mice...
November 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367537/n-3-fatty-acids-modulate-the-mrna-expression-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-mtor-in-the-liver-of-rats-fed-with-high-fat-or-high-fat-fructose-diets
#18
Natalia Garay-Lugo, Aarón Domínguez-Lopez, Angel Miliar García, Eliud Aguilar Barrera, Modesto Gómez López, Alejandro Gómez Alcalá, Maria de Los Angeles Martínez Godinez, Eleazar Lara-Padilla
CONTEXT: There is evidence that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3-PUFAs) can inhibit mTORC1, which should potentiate autophagy and eliminate NLRP3 inflammasome activity. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a high-fat or high-fat/fructose diet with and without n-3-PUFAs on hepatic gene expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the mRNA expression by RT-PCR of Mtor, Nlrp3, and other 22 genes associated with inflammation in rats livers after a 9-week diet...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342734/early-activation-of-th2-th22-inflammatory-and-pruritogenic-pathways-in-acute-canine-atopic-dermatitis-skin-lesions
#19
Thierry Olivry, David Mayhew, Judy S Paps, Keith E Linder, Carlos Peredo, Deepak Rajpal, Hans Hofland, Javier Cote-Sierra
Determining inflammation and itch pathway activation in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is fraught with the inability to precisely assess the age of skin lesions, thus affecting the analysis of time-dependent mediators. To characterize inflammatory events occurring during early experimental acute AD lesions, biopsy samples were collected 6, 24, and 48 hours after epicutaneous application of Dermatophagoides farinae house dust mites to sensitized atopic dogs. The skin transcriptome was assessed using a dog-specific microarray and quantitative PCR...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340126/ablation-of-interaction-between-il-33-and-st2-regulatory-t-cells-increases-immune-cell-mediated-hepatitis-and-activated-nk-cell-liver-infiltration
#20
Gregory Noel, Muhammad Imran Arshad, Aveline Filliol, Valentine Genet, Michel Rauch, Catherine Lucas-Clerc, Agnès Lehuen, Jean-Philippe Girard, Claire Piquet-Pellorce, Michel Samson
The IL-33/ST2 axis plays a protective role in T-cell-mediated hepatitis, but little is known about the functional impact of endogenous IL-33 on liver immunopathology. We used IL-33-deficient mice to investigate the functional effect of endogenous IL-33 in concanavalin A (Con A)-hepatitis. IL-33(-/-) mice displayed more severe Con A liver injury than wild-type (WT) mice, consistent with a hepatoprotective effect of IL-33. The more severe hepatic injury in IL-33(-/-) mice was associated with significantly higher levels of TNF-α and IL-1β and a larger number of NK cells infiltrating the liver...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
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