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andrew G Fraser

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199314/whole-genome-landscape-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumours
#1
Aldo Scarpa, David K Chang, Katia Nones, Vincenzo Corbo, Ann-Marie Patch, Peter Bailey, Rita T Lawlor, Amber L Johns, David K Miller, Andrea Mafficini, Borislav Rusev, Maria Scardoni, Davide Antonello, Stefano Barbi, Katarzyna O Sikora, Sara Cingarlini, Caterina Vicentini, Skye McKay, Michael C J Quinn, Timothy J C Bruxner, Angelika N Christ, Ivon Harliwong, Senel Idrisoglu, Suzanne McLean, Craig Nourse, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Peter J Wilson, Matthew J Anderson, J Lynn Fink, Felicity Newell, Nick Waddell, Oliver Holmes, Stephen H Kazakoff, Conrad Leonard, Scott Wood, Qinying Xu, Shivashankar Hiriyur Nagaraj, Eliana Amato, Irene Dalai, Samantha Bersani, Ivana Cataldo, Angelo P Dei Tos, Paola Capelli, Maria Vittoria Davì, Luca Landoni, Anna Malpaga, Marco Miotto, Vicki L J Whitehall, Barbara A Leggett, Janelle L Harris, Jonathan Harris, Marc D Jones, Jeremy Humphris, Lorraine A Chantrill, Venessa Chin, Adnan M Nagrial, Marina Pajic, Christopher J Scarlett, Andreia Pinho, Ilse Rooman, Christopher Toon, Jianmin Wu, Mark Pinese, Mark Cowley, Andrew Barbour, Amanda Mawson, Emily S Humphrey, Emily K Colvin, Angela Chou, Jessica A Lovell, Nigel B Jamieson, Fraser Duthie, Marie-Claude Gingras, William E Fisher, Rebecca A Dagg, Loretta M S Lau, Michael Lee, Hilda A Pickett, Roger R Reddel, Jaswinder S Samra, James G Kench, Neil D Merrett, Krishna Epari, Nam Q Nguyen, Nikolajs Zeps, Massimo Falconi, Michele Simbolo, Giovanni Butturini, George Van Buren, Stefano Partelli, Matteo Fassan, Kum Kum Khanna, Anthony J Gill, David A Wheeler, Richard A Gibbs, Elizabeth A Musgrove, Claudio Bassi, Giampaolo Tortora, Paolo Pederzoli, John V Pearson, Nicola Waddell, Andrew V Biankin, Sean M Grimmond
The diagnosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PanNETs) is increasing owing to more sensitive detection methods, and this increase is creating challenges for clinical management. We performed whole-genome sequencing of 102 primary PanNETs and defined the genomic events that characterize their pathogenesis. Here we describe the mutational signatures they harbour, including a deficiency in G:C > T:A base excision repair due to inactivation of MUTYH, which encodes a DNA glycosylase. Clinically sporadic PanNETs contain a larger-than-expected proportion of germline mutations, including previously unreported mutations in the DNA repair genes MUTYH, CHEK2 and BRCA2...
February 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070282/the-database-of-the-predicts-projecting-responses-of-ecological-diversity-in-changing-terrestrial-systems-project
#2
Lawrence N Hudson, Tim Newbold, Sara Contu, Samantha L L Hill, Igor Lysenko, Adriana De Palma, Helen R P Phillips, Tamera I Alhusseini, Felicity E Bedford, Dominic J Bennett, Hollie Booth, Victoria J Burton, Charlotte W T Chng, Argyrios Choimes, David L P Correia, Julie Day, Susy Echeverría-Londoño, Susan R Emerson, Di Gao, Morgan Garon, Michelle L K Harrison, Daniel J Ingram, Martin Jung, Victoria Kemp, Lucinda Kirkpatrick, Callum D Martin, Yuan Pan, Gwilym D Pask-Hale, Edwin L Pynegar, Alexandra N Robinson, Katia Sanchez-Ortiz, Rebecca A Senior, Benno I Simmons, Hannah J White, Hanbin Zhang, Job Aben, Stefan Abrahamczyk, Gilbert B Adum, Virginia Aguilar-Barquero, Marcelo A Aizen, Belén Albertos, E L Alcala, Maria Del Mar Alguacil, Audrey Alignier, Marc Ancrenaz, Alan N Andersen, Enrique Arbeláez-Cortés, Inge Armbrecht, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Tom Aumann, Jan C Axmacher, Badrul Azhar, Adrián B Azpiroz, Lander Baeten, Adama Bakayoko, András Báldi, John E Banks, Sharad K Baral, Jos Barlow, Barbara I P Barratt, Lurdes Barrico, Paola Bartolommei, Diane M Barton, Yves Basset, Péter Batáry, Adam J Bates, Bruno Baur, Erin M Bayne, Pedro Beja, Suzan Benedick, Åke Berg, Henry Bernard, Nicholas J Berry, Dinesh Bhatt, Jake E Bicknell, Jochen H Bihn, Robin J Blake, Kadiri S Bobo, Roberto Bóçon, Teun Boekhout, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Kevin J Bonham, Paulo A V Borges, Sérgio H Borges, Céline Boutin, Jérémy Bouyer, Cibele Bragagnolo, Jodi S Brandt, Francis Q Brearley, Isabel Brito, Vicenç Bros, Jörg Brunet, Grzegorz Buczkowski, Christopher M Buddle, Rob Bugter, Erika Buscardo, Jörn Buse, Jimmy Cabra-García, Nilton C Cáceres, Nicolette L Cagle, María Calviño-Cancela, Sydney A Cameron, Eliana M Cancello, Rut Caparrós, Pedro Cardoso, Dan Carpenter, Tiago F Carrijo, Anelena L Carvalho, Camila R Cassano, Helena Castro, Alejandro A Castro-Luna, Cerda B Rolando, Alexis Cerezo, Kim Alan Chapman, Matthieu Chauvat, Morten Christensen, Francis M Clarke, Daniel F R Cleary, Giorgio Colombo, Stuart P Connop, Michael D Craig, Leopoldo Cruz-López, Saul A Cunningham, Biagio D'Aniello, Neil D'Cruze, Pedro Giovâni da Silva, Martin Dallimer, Emmanuel Danquah, Ben Darvill, Jens Dauber, Adrian L V Davis, Jeff Dawson, Claudio de Sassi, Benoit de Thoisy, Olivier Deheuvels, Alain Dejean, Jean-Louis Devineau, Tim Diekötter, Jignasu V Dolia, Erwin Domínguez, Yamileth Dominguez-Haydar, Silvia Dorn, Isabel Draper, Niels Dreber, Bertrand Dumont, Simon G Dures, Mats Dynesius, Lars Edenius, Paul Eggleton, Felix Eigenbrod, Zoltán Elek, Martin H Entling, Karen J Esler, Ricardo F de Lima, Aisyah Faruk, Nina Farwig, Tom M Fayle, Antonio Felicioli, Annika M Felton, Roderick J Fensham, Ignacio C Fernandez, Catarina C Ferreira, Gentile F Ficetola, Cristina Fiera, Bruno K C Filgueiras, Hüseyin K Fırıncıoğlu, David Flaspohler, Andreas Floren, Steven J Fonte, Anne Fournier, Robert E Fowler, Markus Franzén, Lauchlan H Fraser, Gabriella M Fredriksson, Geraldo B Freire, Tiago L M Frizzo, Daisuke Fukuda, Dario Furlani, René Gaigher, Jörg U Ganzhorn, Karla P García, Juan C Garcia-R, Jenni G Garden, Ricardo Garilleti, Bao-Ming Ge, Benoit Gendreau-Berthiaume, Philippa J Gerard, Carla Gheler-Costa, Benjamin Gilbert, Paolo Giordani, Simonetta Giordano, Carly Golodets, Laurens G L Gomes, Rachelle K Gould, Dave Goulson, Aaron D Gove, Laurent Granjon, Ingo Grass, Claudia L Gray, James Grogan, Weibin Gu, Moisès Guardiola, Nihara R Gunawardene, Alvaro G Gutierrez, Doris L Gutiérrez-Lamus, Daniela H Haarmeyer, Mick E Hanley, Thor Hanson, Nor R Hashim, Shombe N Hassan, Richard G Hatfield, Joseph E Hawes, Matt W Hayward, Christian Hébert, Alvin J Helden, John-André Henden, Philipp Henschel, Lionel Hernández, James P Herrera, Farina Herrmann, Felix Herzog, Diego Higuera-Diaz, Branko Hilje, Hubert Höfer, Anke Hoffmann, Finbarr G Horgan, Elisabeth Hornung, Roland Horváth, Kristoffer Hylander, Paola Isaacs-Cubides, Hiroaki Ishida, Masahiro Ishitani, Carmen T Jacobs, Víctor J Jaramillo, Birgit Jauker, F Jiménez Hernández, McKenzie F Johnson, Virat Jolli, Mats Jonsell, S Nur Juliani, Thomas S Jung, Vena Kapoor, Heike Kappes, Vassiliki Kati, Eric Katovai, Klaus Kellner, Michael Kessler, Kathryn R Kirby, Andrew M Kittle, Mairi E Knight, Eva Knop, Florian Kohler, Matti Koivula, Annette Kolb, Mouhamadou Kone, Ádám Kőrösi, Jochen Krauss, Ajith Kumar, Raman Kumar, David J Kurz, Alex S Kutt, Thibault Lachat, Victoria Lantschner, Francisco Lara, Jesse R Lasky, Steven C Latta, William F Laurance, Patrick Lavelle, Violette Le Féon, Gretchen LeBuhn, Jean-Philippe Légaré, Valérie Lehouck, María V Lencinas, Pia E Lentini, Susan G Letcher, Qi Li, Simon A Litchwark, Nick A Littlewood, Yunhui Liu, Nancy Lo-Man-Hung, Carlos A López-Quintero, Mounir Louhaichi, Gabor L Lövei, Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja, Victor H Luja, Matthew S Luskin, M Cristina MacSwiney G, Kaoru Maeto, Tibor Magura, Neil Aldrin Mallari, Louise A Malone, Patrick K Malonza, Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte, Salvador Mandujano, Inger E Måren, Erika Marin-Spiotta, Charles J Marsh, E J P Marshall, Eliana Martínez, Guillermo Martínez Pastur, David Moreno Mateos, Margaret M Mayfield, Vicente Mazimpaka, Jennifer L McCarthy, Kyle P McCarthy, Quinn S McFrederick, Sean McNamara, Nagore G Medina, Rafael Medina, Jose L Mena, Estefania Mico, Grzegorz Mikusinski, Jeffrey C Milder, James R Miller, Daniel R Miranda-Esquivel, Melinda L Moir, Carolina L Morales, Mary N Muchane, Muchai Muchane, Sonja Mudri-Stojnic, A Nur Munira, Antonio Muoñz-Alonso, B F Munyekenye, Robin Naidoo, A Naithani, Michiko Nakagawa, Akihiro Nakamura, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Shoji Naoe, Guiomar Nates-Parra, Dario A Navarrete Gutierrez, Luis Navarro-Iriarte, Paul K Ndang'ang'a, Eike L Neuschulz, Jacqueline T Ngai, Violaine Nicolas, Sven G Nilsson, Norbertas Noreika, Olivia Norfolk, Jorge Ari Noriega, David A Norton, Nicole M Nöske, A Justin Nowakowski, Catherine Numa, Niall O'Dea, Patrick J O'Farrell, William Oduro, Sabine Oertli, Caleb Ofori-Boateng, Christopher Omamoke Oke, Vicencio Oostra, Lynne M Osgathorpe, Samuel Eduardo Otavo, Navendu V Page, Juan Paritsis, Alejandro Parra-H, Luke Parry, Guy Pe'er, Peter B Pearman, Nicolás Pelegrin, Raphaël Pélissier, Carlos A Peres, Pablo L Peri, Anna S Persson, Theodora Petanidou, Marcell K Peters, Rohan S Pethiyagoda, Ben Phalan, T Keith Philips, Finn C Pillsbury, Jimmy Pincheira-Ulbrich, Eduardo Pineda, Joan Pino, Jaime Pizarro-Araya, A J Plumptre, Santiago L Poggio, Natalia Politi, Pere Pons, Katja Poveda, Eileen F Power, Steven J Presley, Vânia Proença, Marino Quaranta, Carolina Quintero, Romina Rader, B R Ramesh, Martha P Ramirez-Pinilla, Jai Ranganathan, Claus Rasmussen, Nicola A Redpath-Downing, J Leighton Reid, Yana T Reis, José M Rey Benayas, Juan Carlos Rey-Velasco, Chevonne Reynolds, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Miriam H Richards, Barbara A Richardson, Michael J Richardson, Rodrigo Macip Ríos, Richard Robinson, Carolina A Robles, Jörg Römbke, Luz Piedad Romero-Duque, Matthias Rös, Loreta Rosselli, Stephen J Rossiter, Dana S Roth, T'ai H Roulston, Laurent Rousseau, André V Rubio, Jean-Claude Ruel, Jonathan P Sadler, Szabolcs Sáfián, Romeo A Saldaña-Vázquez, Katerina Sam, Ulrika Samnegård, Joana Santana, Xavier Santos, Jade Savage, Nancy A Schellhorn, Menno Schilthuizen, Ute Schmiedel, Christine B Schmitt, Nicole L Schon, Christof Schüepp, Katharina Schumann, Oliver Schweiger, Dawn M Scott, Kenneth A Scott, Jodi L Sedlock, Steven S Seefeldt, Ghazala Shahabuddin, Graeme Shannon, Douglas Sheil, Frederick H Sheldon, Eyal Shochat, Stefan J Siebert, Fernando A B Silva, Javier A Simonetti, Eleanor M Slade, Jo Smith, Allan H Smith-Pardo, Navjot S Sodhi, Eduardo J Somarriba, Ramón A Sosa, Grimaldo Soto Quiroga, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent, Brian M Starzomski, Constanti Stefanescu, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Philip C Stouffer, Jane C Stout, Ayron M Strauch, Matthew J Struebig, Zhimin Su, Marcela Suarez-Rubio, Shinji Sugiura, Keith S Summerville, Yik-Hei Sung, Hari Sutrisno, Jens-Christian Svenning, Tiit Teder, Caragh G Threlfall, Anu Tiitsaar, Jacqui H Todd, Rebecca K Tonietto, Ignasi Torre, Béla Tóthmérész, Teja Tscharntke, Edgar C Turner, Jason M Tylianakis, Marcio Uehara-Prado, Nicolas Urbina-Cardona, Denis Vallan, Adam J Vanbergen, Heraldo L Vasconcelos, Kiril Vassilev, Hans A F Verboven, Maria João Verdasca, José R Verdú, Carlos H Vergara, Pablo M Vergara, Jort Verhulst, Massimiliano Virgilio, Lien Van Vu, Edward M Waite, Tony R Walker, Hua-Feng Wang, Yanping Wang, James I Watling, Britta Weller, Konstans Wells, Catrin Westphal, Edward D Wiafe, Christopher D Williams, Michael R Willig, John C Z Woinarski, Jan H D Wolf, Volkmar Wolters, Ben A Woodcock, Jihua Wu, Joseph M Wunderle, Yuichi Yamaura, Satoko Yoshikura, Douglas W Yu, Andrey S Zaitsev, Juliane Zeidler, Fasheng Zou, Ben Collen, Rob M Ewers, Georgina M Mace, Drew W Purves, Jörn P W Scharlemann, Andy Purvis
The PREDICTS project-Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)-has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used this evidence base to develop global and regional statistical models of how local biodiversity responds to these measures. We describe and make freely available this 2016 release of the database, containing more than 3...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995962/engineering-the-surface-properties-of-a-human-monoclonal-antibody-prevents-self-association-and-rapid-clearance-in-vivo
#3
Claire L Dobson, Paul W A Devine, Jonathan J Phillips, Daniel R Higazi, Christopher Lloyd, Bojana Popovic, Joanne Arnold, Andrew Buchanan, Arthur Lewis, Joanne Goodman, Christopher F van der Walle, Peter Thornton, Lisa Vinall, David Lowne, Anna Aagaard, Lise-Lotte Olsson, Anna Ridderstad Wollberg, Fraser Welsh, Theodoros K Karamanos, Clare L Pashley, Matthew G Iadanza, Neil A Ranson, Alison E Ashcroft, Alistair D Kippen, Tristan J Vaughan, Sheena E Radford, David C Lowe
Uncontrolled self-association is a major challenge in the exploitation of proteins as therapeutics. Here we describe the development of a structural proteomics approach to identify the amino acids responsible for aberrant self-association of monoclonal antibodies and the design of a variant with reduced aggregation and increased serum persistence in vivo. We show that the human monoclonal antibody, MEDI1912, selected against nerve growth factor binds with picomolar affinity, but undergoes reversible self-association and has a poor pharmacokinetic profile in both rat and cynomolgus monkeys...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859220/farmland-biodiversity-and-agricultural-management-on-237-farms-in-13-european-and-two-african-regions
#4
Gisela Lüscher, Youssef Ammari, Aljona Andriets, Siyka Angelova, Michaela Arndorfer, Debra Bailey, Katalin Balázs, Marion Bogers, Robert G H Bunce, Jean-Philippe Choisis, Peter Dennis, Mario Díaz, Tetyana Dyman, Sebastian Eiter, Wendy Fjellstad, Mariecia Fraser, Jürgen K Friedel, Salah Garchi, Ilse R Geijzendorffer, Tiziano Gomiero, Guillermo González-Bornay, Yana Guteva, Felix Herzog, Philippe Jeanneret, Rob H G Jongman, Max Kainz, Norman Kwikiriza, María Lourdes López Díaz, Gerardo Moreno, Pip Nicholas-Davies, Charles Nkwiine, Julius Opio, Maurizio G Paoletti, László Podmaniczky, Philippe Pointereau, Fernando Pulido, Jean-Pierre Sarthou, Manuel K Schneider, Tahar Sghaier, Norman Siebrecht, Siyka Stoyanova, Sebastian Wolfrum, Sergiy Yashchenko, Harald Albrecht, András Báldi, Márta Belényesi, Jacinto Benhadi-Marin, Theo Blick, Serge Buholzer, Csaba Centeri, Norma Choisis, Gérard Cuendet, Hendrika J De Lange, Sylvain Déjean, Christo Deltshev, Darío J Díaz Cosín, Wenche Dramstad, Zoltán Elek, Gunnar Engan, Konstantin Evtushenko, Eszter Falusi, Oliver-D Finch, Thomas Frank, Federico Gavinelli, David Genoud, Phillipa K Gillingham, Viktor Grónás, Mónica Gutiérrez, Werner Häusler, Xaver Heer, Thomas Hübner, Marco Isaia, Gergely Jerkovich, Juan B Jesus, Esezah Kakudidi, Eszter Kelemen, Nóra Koncz, Eszter Kovacs, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Luisa Last, Toshko Ljubomirov, Klaus Mandery, Josef Mayr, Atle Mjelde, Christoph Muster, Juri Nascimbene, Johann Neumayer, Frode Ødegaard, Francisco Javier Ortiz Sánchez, Marie-Louise Oschatz, Susanne Papaja-Hülsbergen, Mauro Paschetta, Mark Pavett, Céline Pelosi, Károly Penksza, Reidun Pommeresche, Victor Popov, Volodymyr Radchenko, Nina Richner, Susanne Riedel, John Scullion, Daniele Sommaggio, Ottó Szalkovszki, Erich Szerencsits, Dolores Trigo, Jim Vale, Ruud van Kats, Angel Vasilev, Andrew E Whittington, Jerylee Wilkes-Allemann, Tommaso Zanetti
Farmland is a major land cover type in Europe and Africa and provides habitat for numerous species. The severe decline in farmland biodiversity of the last decades has been attributed to changes in farming practices, and organic and low-input farming are assumed to mitigate detrimental effects of agricultural intensification on biodiversity. Since the farm enterprise is the primary unit of agricultural decision making, management-related effects at the field scale need to be assessed at the farm level. Therefore, in this study, data were collected on habitat characteristics, vascular plant, earthworm, spider, and bee communities and on the corresponding agricultural management in 237 farms in 13 European and two African regions...
June 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856273/hypermutation-in-pancreatic-cancer
#5
Jeremy L Humphris, Ann-Marie Patch, Katia Nones, Peter J Bailey, Amber L Johns, Skye McKay, David K Chang, David K Miller, Marina Pajic, Karin S Kassahn, Michael C J Quinn, Timothy J C Bruxner, Angelika N Christ, Ivon Harliwong, Senel Idrisoglu, Suzanne Manning, Craig Nourse, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Andrew Stone, Peter J Wilson, Matthew Anderson, J Lynn Fink, Oliver Holmes, Stephen Kazakoff, Conrad Leonard, Felicity Newell, Nick Waddell, Scott Wood, Ronald S Mead, Qinying Xu, Jianmin Wu, Mark Pinese, Mark J Cowley, Marc D Jones, Adnan M Nagrial, Venessa T Chin, Lorraine A Chantrill, Amanda Mawson, Angela Chou, Christopher J Scarlett, Andreia V Pinho, Ilse Rooman, Marc Giry-Laterriere, Jaswinder S Samra, James G Kench, Neil D Merrett, Christopher W Toon, Krishna Epari, Nam Q Nguyen, Andrew Barbour, Nikolajs Zeps, Nigel B Jamieson, Colin J McKay, C Ross Carter, Euan J Dickson, Janet S Graham, Fraser Duthie, Karin Oien, Jane Hair, Jennifer P Morton, Owen J Sansom, Robert Grützmann, Ralph H Hruban, Anirban Maitra, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue, Richard D Schulick, Christopher L Wolfgang, Richard A Morgan, Rita T Lawlor, Borislav Rusev, Vincenzo Corbo, Roberto Salvia, Ivana Cataldo, Giampaolo Tortora, Margaret A Tempero, Oliver Hofmann, James R Eshleman, Christian Pilarsky, Aldo Scarpa, Elizabeth A Musgrove, Anthony J Gill, John V Pearson, Sean M Grimmond, Nicola Waddell, Andrew V Biankin
Pancreatic cancer is molecularly diverse, with few effective therapies. Increased mutation burden and defective DNA repair are associated with response to immune checkpoint inhibitors in several other cancer types. We interrogated 385 pancreatic cancer genomes to define hypermutation and its causes. Mutational signatures inferring defects in DNA repair were enriched in those with the highest mutation burdens. Mismatch repair deficiency was identified in 1% of tumors harboring different mechanisms of somatic inactivation of MLH1 and MSH2...
January 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849158/neurological-injury-in-intermediate-risk-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Jonathon P Fanning, Allan J Wesley, Darren L Walters, Eamonn M Eeles, Adrian G Barnett, David G Platts, Andrew J Clarke, Andrew A Wong, Wendy E Strugnell, Cliona O'Sullivan, Oystein Tronstad, John F Fraser
BACKGROUND: The application of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) to intermediate-risk patients is a controversial issue. Of concern, neurological injury in this group remains poorly defined. Among high-risk and inoperable patients, subclinical injury is reported on average in 75% undergoing the procedure. Although this attendant risk may be acceptable in higher-risk patients, it may not be so in those of lower risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty patients undergoing TAVI with the Edwards SAPIEN-XT(™) prosthesis were prospectively studied...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618452/the-genetics-of-blood-pressure-regulation-and-its-target-organs-from-association-studies-in-342-415-individuals
#7
Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Daniel I Chasman, Anne U Jackson, Ellen M Schmidt, Toby Johnson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Jian'an Luan, Louise A Donnelly, Stavroula Kanoni, Ann-Kristin Petersen, Vasyl Pihur, Rona J Strawbridge, Dmitry Shungin, Maria F Hughes, Osorio Meirelles, Marika Kaakinen, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Kati Kristiansson, Sonia Shah, Marcus E Kleber, Xiuqing Guo, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Cristiano Fava, Niclas Eriksson, Ilja M Nolte, Patrik K Magnusson, Elias L Salfati, Loukianos S Rallidis, Elizabeth Theusch, Andrew J P Smith, Lasse Folkersen, Kate Witkowska, Tune H Pers, Roby Joehanes, Stuart K Kim, Lazaros Lataniotis, Rick Jansen, Andrew D Johnson, Helen Warren, Young Jin Kim, Wei Zhao, Ying Wu, Bamidele O Tayo, Murielle Bochud, Devin Absher, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Dan E Arking, Tomas Axelsson, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Stefania Bandinelli, Michael R Barnes, Inês Barroso, Stephen Bevan, Joshua C Bis, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Michael Boehnke, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Morris J Brown, Michel Burnier, Claudia P Cabrera, John C Chambers, I-Shou Chang, Ching-Yu Cheng, Peter S Chines, Ren-Hua Chung, Francis S Collins, John M Connell, Angela Döring, Jean Dallongeville, John Danesh, Ulf de Faire, Graciela Delgado, Anna F Dominiczak, Alex S F Doney, Fotios Drenos, Sarah Edkins, John D Eicher, Roberto Elosua, Stefan Enroth, Jeanette Erdmann, Per Eriksson, Tonu Esko, Evangelos Evangelou, Alun Evans, Tove Fall, Martin Farrall, Janine F Felix, Jean Ferrières, Luigi Ferrucci, Myriam Fornage, Terrence Forrester, Nora Franceschini, Oscar H Franco, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Ross M Fraser, Santhi K Ganesh, He Gao, Karl Gertow, Francesco Gianfagna, Bruna Gigante, Franco Giulianini, Anuj Goel, Alison H Goodall, Mark O Goodarzi, Mathias Gorski, Jürgen Gräßler, Christopher J Groves, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Göran Hallmans, Anna-Liisa Hartikainen, Maija Hassinen, Aki S Havulinna, Caroline Hayward, Serge Hercberg, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon D Hingorani, Joel N Hirschhorn, Albert Hofman, Jostein Holmen, Oddgeir Lingaas Holmen, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Phil Howard, Chao A Hsiung, Steven C Hunt, M Arfan Ikram, Thomas Illig, Carlos Iribarren, Richard A Jensen, Mika Kähönen, Hyun Min Kang, Sekar Kathiresan, Brendan J Keating, Kay-Tee Khaw, Yun Kyoung Kim, Eric Kim, Mika Kivimaki, Norman Klopp, Genovefa Kolovou, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Gulum Kosova, Ronald M Krauss, Diana Kuh, Zoltan Kutalik, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Timo A Lakka, Nanette R Lee, I-Te Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Daniel Levy, Xiaohui Li, Kae-Woei Liang, Honghuang Lin, Li Lin, Jaana Lindström, Stéphane Lobbens, Satu Männistö, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, François Mach, Hugh S Markus, Eirini Marouli, Mark I McCarthy, Colin A McKenzie, Pierre Meneton, Cristina Menni, Andres Metspalu, Vladan Mijatovic, Leena Moilanen, May E Montasser, Andrew D Morris, Alanna C Morrison, Antonella Mulas, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Narisu Narisu, Kjell Nikus, Christopher J O'Donnell, Paul F O'Reilly, Ken K Ong, Fred Paccaud, Cameron D Palmer, Afshin Parsa, Nancy L Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Neil Poulter, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Thomas Quertermous, Dabeeru C Rao, Asif Rasheed, N William Rayner, Frida Renström, Rainer Rettig, Kenneth M Rice, Robert Roberts, Lynda M Rose, Jacques Rossouw, Nilesh J Samani, Serena Sanna, Jouko Saramies, Heribert Schunkert, Sylvain Sebert, Wayne H-H Sheu, Young-Ah Shin, Xueling Sim, Johannes H Smit, Albert V Smith, Maria X Sosa, Tim D Spector, Alena Stančáková, Alice V Stanton, Kathleen E Stirrups, Heather M Stringham, Johan Sundstrom, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, E-Shyong Tai, Toshiko Tanaka, Kirill V Tarasov, Alexander Teumer, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Martin D Tobin, Elena Tremoli, Andre G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Ahmad Vaez, Dhananjay Vaidya, Cornelia M van Duijn, Erik P A van Iperen, Ramachandran S Vasan, Germaine C Verwoert, Jarmo Virtamo, Veronique Vitart, Benjamin F Voight, Peter Vollenweider, Aline Wagner, Louise V Wain, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Alan B Weder, Harm-Jan Westra, Rainford Wilks, Tom Wilsgaard, James F Wilson, Tien Y Wong, Tsun-Po Yang, Jie Yao, Loic Yengo, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Pascal Bovet, Richard S Cooper, Karen L Mohlke, Danish Saleheen, Jong-Young Lee, Paul Elliott, Hinco J Gierman, Cristen J Willer, Lude Franke, G Kees Hovingh, Kent D Taylor, George Dedoussis, Peter Sever, Andrew Wong, Lars Lind, Themistocles L Assimes, Inger Njølstad, Peter E H Schwarz, Claudia Langenberg, Harold Snieder, Mark J Caulfield, Olle Melander, Markku Laakso, Juha Saltevo, Rainer Rauramaa, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Erik Ingelsson, Terho Lehtimäki, Kristian Hveem, Walter Palmas, Winfried März, Meena Kumari, Veikko Salomaa, Yii-Der I Chen, Jerome I Rotter, Philippe Froguel, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Edward G Lakatta, Kari Kuulasmaa, Paul W Franks, Anders Hamsten, H-Erich Wichmann, Colin N A Palmer, Kari Stefansson, Paul M Ridker, Ruth J F Loos, Aravinda Chakravarti, Panos Deloukas, Andrew P Morris, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Patricia B Munroe
To dissect the genetic architecture of blood pressure and assess effects on target organ damage, we analyzed 128,272 SNPs from targeted and genome-wide arrays in 201,529 individuals of European ancestry, and genotypes from an additional 140,886 individuals were used for validation. We identified 66 blood pressure-associated loci, of which 17 were new; 15 harbored multiple distinct association signals. The 66 index SNPs were enriched for cis-regulatory elements, particularly in vascular endothelial cells, consistent with a primary role in blood pressure control through modulation of vascular tone across multiple tissues...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548312/a-reference-panel-of-64-976-haplotypes-for-genotype-imputation
#8
Shane McCarthy, Sayantan Das, Warren Kretzschmar, Olivier Delaneau, Andrew R Wood, Alexander Teumer, Hyun Min Kang, Christian Fuchsberger, Petr Danecek, Kevin Sharp, Yang Luo, Carlo Sidore, Alan Kwong, Nicholas Timpson, Seppo Koskinen, Scott Vrieze, Laura J Scott, He Zhang, Anubha Mahajan, Jan Veldink, Ulrike Peters, Carlos Pato, Cornelia M van Duijn, Christopher E Gillies, Ilaria Gandin, Massimo Mezzavilla, Arthur Gilly, Massimiliano Cocca, Michela Traglia, Andrea Angius, Jeffrey C Barrett, Dorrett Boomsma, Kari Branham, Gerome Breen, Chad M Brummett, Fabio Busonero, Harry Campbell, Andrew Chan, Sai Chen, Emily Chew, Francis S Collins, Laura J Corbin, George Davey Smith, George Dedoussis, Marcus Dorr, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Luigi Ferrucci, Lukas Forer, Ross M Fraser, Stacey Gabriel, Shawn Levy, Leif Groop, Tabitha Harrison, Andrew Hattersley, Oddgeir L Holmen, Kristian Hveem, Matthias Kretzler, James C Lee, Matt McGue, Thomas Meitinger, David Melzer, Josine L Min, Karen L Mohlke, John B Vincent, Matthias Nauck, Deborah Nickerson, Aarno Palotie, Michele Pato, Nicola Pirastu, Melvin McInnis, J Brent Richards, Cinzia Sala, Veikko Salomaa, David Schlessinger, Sebastian Schoenherr, P Eline Slagboom, Kerrin Small, Timothy Spector, Dwight Stambolian, Marcus Tuke, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Leonard H Van den Berg, Wouter Van Rheenen, Uwe Volker, Cisca Wijmenga, Daniela Toniolo, Eleftheria Zeggini, Paolo Gasparini, Matthew G Sampson, James F Wilson, Timothy Frayling, Paul I W de Bakker, Morris A Swertz, Steven McCarroll, Charles Kooperberg, Annelot Dekker, David Altshuler, Cristen Willer, William Iacono, Samuli Ripatti, Nicole Soranzo, Klaudia Walter, Anand Swaroop, Francesco Cucca, Carl A Anderson, Richard M Myers, Michael Boehnke, Mark I McCarthy, Richard Durbin
We describe a reference panel of 64,976 human haplotypes at 39,235,157 SNPs constructed using whole-genome sequence data from 20 studies of predominantly European ancestry. Using this resource leads to accurate genotype imputation at minor allele frequencies as low as 0.1% and a large increase in the number of SNPs tested in association studies, and it can help to discover and refine causal loci. We describe remote server resources that allow researchers to carry out imputation and phasing consistently and efficiently...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509741/tracking-wild-sockeye-salmon-smolts-to-the-ocean-reveals-distinct-regions-of-nocturnal-movement-and-high-mortality
#9
Timothy D Clark, Nathan B Furey, Erin L Rechisky, Marika K Gale, Ken M Jeffries, Aswea D Porter, Matthew T Casselman, Andrew G Lotto, David A Patterson, Steven J Cooke, Anthony P Farrell, David W Welch, Scott G Hinch
Few estimates of migration rates or descriptions of behavior or survival exist for wild populations of out-migrating Pacific salmon smolts from natal freshwater rearing areas to the ocean. Using acoustic transmitters and fixed receiver arrays across four years (2010-2013), we tracked the migration of > 1850 wild sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) smolts from Chilko Lake, British Columbia, to the coastal Pacific Ocean (> 1000 km distance). Cumulative survival to the ocean ranged 3-10% among years, although this may be slightly underestimated due to technical limitations at the final receiver array...
June 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488493/activation-of-the-protein-c-pathway-and-endothelial-glycocalyx-shedding-is-associated-with-coagulopathy-in-an-ovine-model-of-trauma-and-hemorrhage
#10
Natasha van Zyl, Elissa M Milford, Sara Diab, Kimble Dunster, Peter McGiffin, Stephen G Rayner, Andrew Staib, Michael C Reade, John F Fraser
INTRODUCTION: Acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) is an endogenous coagulopathy that develops following tissue injury and shock. The pathogenesis of ATC remains poorly understood, with platelet dysfunction, activation of the protein C pathway, and endothelial glycocalyx shedding all hypothesized to contribute to onset. The primary aim of this study was to develop an ovine model of traumatic coagulopathy, with a secondary aim of assessing proposed pathophysiological mechanisms within this model...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470028/estimates-of-global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-mortality-of-hiv-1980-2015-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
Haidong Wang, Tim M Wolock, Austin Carter, Grant Nguyen, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Emmanuela Gakidou, Simon I Hay, Edward J Mills, Adam Trickey, William Msemburi, Matthew M Coates, Meghan D Mooney, Maya S Fraser, Amber Sligar, Joshua Salomon, Heidi J Larson, Joseph Friedman, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Kaja M Abbas, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Abdishakur M Abdulle, Semaw Ferede Abera, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Gebre Yitayih Abyu, Akindele Olupelumi Adebiyi, Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji, Ademola Lukman Adelekan, Koranteng Adofo, Arsène Kouablan Adou, Oluremi N Ajala, Tomi F Akinyemiju, Nadia Akseer, Faris Hasan Al Lami, Ziyad Al-Aly, Khurshid Alam, Noore K M Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Saleh Fahed S Aldhahri, Robert William Aldridge, Miguel Angel Alegretti, Alicia V Aleman, Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Raghib Ali, Ala'a Alkerwi, François Alla, Rajaa Mohammad, Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Azmeraw T Amare, Alemayehu Amberbir, Adeladza Kofi Amegah, Walid Ammar, Stephen Marc Amrock, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Johan Ärnlöv, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Reza Assadi, Suleman Atique, Lydia S Atkins, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Arindam Basu, Tigist Assefa Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Derrick A Bennett, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Eesh Bhatia, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Sait Mentes Birlik, Donal Bisanzio, Michael Brainin, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Alexandria Brown, Michael Burch, Zahid A Butt, Julio Cesar Campuzano, Rosario Cárdenas, Juan Jesus Carrero, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Hsing-Yi Chang, Jung-Chen Chang, Laxmikant Chavan, Wanqing Chen, Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang, Mirriam Chibalabala, Vesper Hichilombwe Chisumpa, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher, Liliana G Ciobanu, Cyrus Cooper, Tukur Dahiru, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, José das Neves, Pieter de Jager, Diego De Leo, Louisa Degenhardt, Robert P Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Amare Deribew, Don C Des Jarlais, Samath D Dharmaratne, Eric L Ding, Pratik Pinal Doshi, Tim R Driscoll, Manisha Dubey, Yousef Mohamed Elshrek, Iqbal Elyazar, Aman Yesuf Endries, Sergey Petrovich Ermakov, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad D A Faghmous, Carla Sofia E Sa Farinha, Andre Faro, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Joao C Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Ander Fitchett, Nataliya Foigt, Nancy Fullman, Thomas Fürst, Fortuné Gbètoho Gankpé, Teshome Gebre, Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Peter W Gething, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Maurice Giroud, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Elizabeth Glaser, Shifalika Goenka, Amador Goodridge, Sameer Vali Gopalani, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Mark D C Guimaraes, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Vipin Gupta, Juanita Haagsma, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Mouhanad Hammami, Graeme J Hankey, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L Harb, Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Josep Maria Haro, Kimani M Harun, Rasmus Havmoeller, Mohammad T Hedayati, Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi, Hans W Hoek, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, H Dean Hosgood, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Hsiang Huang, John J Huang, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Bulat T Idrisov, Kaire Innos, Veena J Iyer, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Nader Jahanmehr, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Mehdi Javanbakht, Achala Upendra Jayatilleke, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Zubair Kabir, Ritul Kamal, Haidong Kan, André Karch, Corine Kakizi Karema, Dimitris Karletsos, Amir Kasaeian, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda, Peter Njenga Keiyoro, Andrew Haddon Kemp, Andre Pascal Kengne, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ibrahim Khalil, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Yun Jin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Miia Kivipelto, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Parvaiz A Koul, Ai Koyanagi, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Veena S Kulkarni, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Lam, Jennifer O Lam, Sinead M Langan, Van C Lansingh, Anders Larsson, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Yongmei Li, Stephen S Lim, Steven E Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Belinda K Lloyd, Giancarlo Logroscino, Paulo A Lotufo, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Mahdi Mahdavi, Marek Majdan, Azeem Majeed, Carla Makhlouf, Reza Malekzadeh, Chabila C Mapoma, Wagner Marcenes, Jose Martinez-Raga, Melvin Barrientos Marzan, Felix Masiye, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Bongani M Mayosi, Martin McKee, Peter A Meaney, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Peter Memiah, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Atte Meretoja, Tuomo J Meretoja, Francis Apolinary Mhimbira, Ted R Miller, Joseph Mikesell, Mojde Mirarefin, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Shafiu Mohammed, Ali H Mokdad, Lorenzo Monasta, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Rintaro Mori, Ulrich O Mueller, Brighton Murimira, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Aliya Naheed, Luigi Naldi, Vinay Nangia, Denis Nash, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni, Jean de Dieu Ngirabega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Ole F Norheim, Rosana E Norman, Luke Nyakarahuka, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, In-Hwan Oh, Foluke Adetola Ojelabi, Bolajoko Olubukunola Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, John Nelson Opio, Eyal Oren, Erika Ota, Mahesh Anand Padukudru, Hye-Youn Park, Jae-Hyun Park, Snehal T Patil, Scott B Patten, Vinod K Paul, Katherine Pearson, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, Claudia C Pereira, Norberto Perico, Konrad Pesudovs, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Julian David Pillay, Dietrich Plass, Suzanne Polinder, Farshad Pourmalek, David M Prokop, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Sasa Rajsic, Usha Ram, Saleem M Rana, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Giuseppe Remuzzi, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Gholamreza Roshandel, Ambuj Roy, George Mugambage Ruhago, Mohammad Yahya Saeedi, Rajesh Sagar, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Itamar S Santos, Rodrigo Sarmiento-Suarez, Benn Sartorius, Monika Sawhney, Aletta E Schutte, David C Schwebel, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Edson E Servan-Mori, Masood Ali Shaikh, Rajesh Sharma, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Jiabin Shen, Kenji Shibuya, Hwashin Hyun Shin, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Naris Silpakit, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Dayane Gabriele Alves Silveira, Edgar P Simard, Shireen Sindi, Jasvinder A Singh, Om Prakash Singh, Prashant Kumar Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Karen Sliwa, Samir Soneji, Reed J D Sorensen, Joan B Soriano, David O Soti, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Nicholas Steel, Bruno F Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Roberto Tchio Talongwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Tesfaye Tekle, Girma Temam Shifa, Awoke Misganaw Temesgen, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kiran Thapa, Alan J Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Roman Topor-Madry, Jeffrey Allen Towbin, Bach Xuan Tran, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Abera Kenay Tura, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Olalekan A Uthman, N Venketasubramanian, Sergey K Vladimirov, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Linhong Wang, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Tissa Wijeratne, James D Wilkinson, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles D A Wolfe, Sungho Won, John Q Wong, Gelin Xu, Ajit Kumar Yadav, Bereket Yakob, Ayalnesh Zemene Yalew, Yuichiro Yano, Mehdi Yaseri, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Shicheng Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Hajo Zeeb, Hao Zhang, Yong Zhao, Sanjay Zodpey, Leo Zoeckler, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: Timely assessment of the burden of HIV/AIDS is essential for policy setting and programme evaluation. In this report from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we provide national estimates of levels and trends of HIV/AIDS incidence, prevalence, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and mortality for 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. METHODS: For countries without high-quality vital registration data, we estimated prevalence and incidence with data from antenatal care clinics and population-based seroprevalence surveys, and with assumptions by age and sex on initial CD4 distribution at infection, CD4 progression rates (probability of progression from higher to lower CD4 cell-count category), on and off antiretroviral therapy (ART) mortality, and mortality from all other causes...
August 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343288/functional-and-evolutionary-characterization-of-a-gene-transfer-agent-s-multilocus-genome
#12
Alexander P Hynes, Migun Shakya, Ryan G Mercer, Marc P Grüll, Luke Bown, Fraser Davidson, Ekaterina Steffen, Heidi Matchem, Mandy E Peach, Tim Berger, Katherine Grebe, Olga Zhaxybayeva, Andrew S Lang
Gene transfer agents (GTAs) are phage-like particles that can package and transfer a random piece of the producing cell's genome, but are unable to transfer all the genes required for their own production. As such, GTAs represent an evolutionary conundrum: are they selfish genetic elements propagating through an unknown mechanism, defective viruses, or viral structures "repurposed" by cells for gene exchange, as their name implies? In Rhodobacter capsulatus, production of the R. capsulatus GTA (RcGTA) particles is associated with a cluster of genes resembling a small prophage...
October 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297049/ser-p-1292-lrrk2-in-urinary-exosomes-is-elevated-in-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Kyle B Fraser, Ashlee B Rawlins, Rachel G Clark, Roy N Alcalay, David G Standaert, Nianjun Liu, Andrew B West
BACKGROUND: Mutations in Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) enhance levels of the autophosphorylated LRRK2 protein and are the most common known cause of inherited Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 has been further implicated in susceptibility to idiopathic PD in genetic association studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare autophosphorylated Ser(P)-1292 LRRK2 levels from biobanked urine samples with clinical data in PD patients and controls...
October 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270853/home-safe-home-evaluation-of-a-childhood-home-safety-program
#14
Tanya Charyk Stewart, Andrew Clark, Jason Gilliland, Michael R Miller, Jane Edwards, Tania Haidar, Brandon Batey, Kelly N Vogt, Neil G Parry, Douglas D Fraser, Neil Merritt
BACKGROUND: The London Health Sciences Centre Home Safety Program (HSP) provides safety devices, education, a safety video, and home safety checklist to all first-time parents for the reduction of childhood home injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the HSP for the prevention of home injuries in children up to 2 years of age. METHODS: A program evaluation was performed with follow-up survey, along with an interrupted time series analysis of emergency department (ED) visits for home injuries 5 years before (2007-2013) and 2 years after (2013-2015) implementation...
September 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090595/carbon-isotope-discrimination-in-leaves-of-the-broad-leaved-paperbark-tree-melaleuca-quinquenervia-as-a-tool-for-quantifying-past-tropical-and-subtropical-rainfall
#15
John Tibby, Cameron Barr, Francesca A McInerney, Andrew C G Henderson, Melanie J Leng, Margaret Greenway, Jonathan C Marshall, Glenn B McGregor, Jonathan J Tyler, Vivienne McNeil
Quantitative reconstructions of terrestrial climate are highly sought after but rare, particularly in Australia. Carbon isotope discrimination in plant leaves (Δleaf ) is an established indicator of past hydroclimate because the fractionation of carbon isotopes during photosynthesis is strongly influenced by water stress. Leaves of the evergreen tree Melaleuca quinquenervia have been recovered from the sediments of some perched lakes on North Stradbroke and Fraser Islands, south-east Queensland, eastern Australia...
October 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27062010/autologous-osteochondral-transplantation-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-does-previous-bone-marrow-stimulation-negatively-affect-clinical-outcome
#16
Andrew W Ross, Christopher D Murawski, Ethan J Fraser, Keir A Ross, Huong T Do, Timothy W Deyer, John G Kennedy
PURPOSE: To determine if functional outcomes and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes were significantly different between patients receiving primary autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) and patients receiving secondary AOT surgery after failed microfracture. METHODS: A group of 76 patients enrolled into the Foot and Ankle Service between 2006 and 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. Patient-reported outcomes were evaluated in 76 patients using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS)...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944421/maternal-gestational-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-offspring-bone-health-mavidos-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Cyrus Cooper, Nicholas C Harvey, Nicholas J Bishop, Stephen Kennedy, Aris T Papageorghiou, Inez Schoenmakers, Robert Fraser, Saurabh V Gandhi, Andrew Carr, Stefania D'Angelo, Sarah R Crozier, Rebecca J Moon, Nigel K Arden, Elaine M Dennison, Keith M Godfrey, Hazel M Inskip, Ann Prentice, M Zulf Mughal, Richard Eastell, David M Reid, M Kassim Javaid
BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin D status has been associated with bone mass of offspring in many, but not all, observational studies. However, maternal vitamin D repletion during pregnancy has not yet been proven to improve offspring bone mass in a randomised controlled trial. We aimed to assess whether neonates born to mothers supplemented with vitamin D during pregnancy have greater whole-body bone mineral content (BMC) at birth than those of mothers who had not received supplementation...
May 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921440/dietary-macronutrients-and-the-aging-liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cell
#18
Victoria Carroll Cogger, Mashani Mohamad, Samantha Marie Solon-Biet, Alistair M Senior, Alessandra Warren, Jennifer Nicole O'Reilly, Bui Thanh Tung, Dmitri Svistounov, Aisling Clare McMahon, Robin Fraser, David Raubenheimer, Andrew J Holmes, Stephen James Simpson, David George Le Couteur
Fenestrations are pores within the liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) that line the sinusoids of the highly vascularized liver. Fenestrations facilitate the transfer of substrates between blood and hepatocytes. With pseudocapillarization of the hepatic sinusoid in old age, there is a loss of fenestrations. LSECs are uniquely exposed to gut-derived dietary and microbial substrates delivered by the portal circulation to the liver. Here we studied the effect of 25 diets varying in content of macronutrients and energy on LSEC fenestrations using the Geometric Framework method in a large cohort of mice aged 15 mo...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909576/genomic-analyses-identify-molecular-subtypes-of-pancreatic-cancer
#19
Peter Bailey, David K Chang, Katia Nones, Amber L Johns, Ann-Marie Patch, Marie-Claude Gingras, David K Miller, Angelika N Christ, Tim J C Bruxner, Michael C Quinn, Craig Nourse, L Charles Murtaugh, Ivon Harliwong, Senel Idrisoglu, Suzanne Manning, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Shivangi Wani, Lynn Fink, Oliver Holmes, Venessa Chin, Matthew J Anderson, Stephen Kazakoff, Conrad Leonard, Felicity Newell, Nick Waddell, Scott Wood, Qinying Xu, Peter J Wilson, Nicole Cloonan, Karin S Kassahn, Darrin Taylor, Kelly Quek, Alan Robertson, Lorena Pantano, Laura Mincarelli, Luis N Sanchez, Lisa Evers, Jianmin Wu, Mark Pinese, Mark J Cowley, Marc D Jones, Emily K Colvin, Adnan M Nagrial, Emily S Humphrey, Lorraine A Chantrill, Amanda Mawson, Jeremy Humphris, Angela Chou, Marina Pajic, Christopher J Scarlett, Andreia V Pinho, Marc Giry-Laterriere, Ilse Rooman, Jaswinder S Samra, James G Kench, Jessica A Lovell, Neil D Merrett, Christopher W Toon, Krishna Epari, Nam Q Nguyen, Andrew Barbour, Nikolajs Zeps, Kim Moran-Jones, Nigel B Jamieson, Janet S Graham, Fraser Duthie, Karin Oien, Jane Hair, Robert Grützmann, Anirban Maitra, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christopher L Wolfgang, Richard A Morgan, Rita T Lawlor, Vincenzo Corbo, Claudio Bassi, Borislav Rusev, Paola Capelli, Roberto Salvia, Giampaolo Tortora, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, Gloria M Petersen, Donna M Munzy, William E Fisher, Saadia A Karim, James R Eshleman, Ralph H Hruban, Christian Pilarsky, Jennifer P Morton, Owen J Sansom, Aldo Scarpa, Elizabeth A Musgrove, Ulla-Maja Hagbo Bailey, Oliver Hofmann, Robert L Sutherland, David A Wheeler, Anthony J Gill, Richard A Gibbs, John V Pearson, Nicola Waddell, Andrew V Biankin, Sean M Grimmond
Integrated genomic analysis of 456 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas identified 32 recurrently mutated genes that aggregate into 10 pathways: KRAS, TGF-β, WNT, NOTCH, ROBO/SLIT signalling, G1/S transition, SWI-SNF, chromatin modification, DNA repair and RNA processing. Expression analysis defined 4 subtypes: (1) squamous; (2) pancreatic progenitor; (3) immunogenic; and (4) aberrantly differentiated endocrine exocrine (ADEX) that correlate with histopathological characteristics. Squamous tumours are enriched for TP53 and KDM6A mutations, upregulation of the TP63∆N transcriptional network, hypermethylation of pancreatic endodermal cell-fate determining genes and have a poor prognosis...
March 3, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883193/identification-of-novel-pathways-linking-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-with-resistance-to-her2-targeted-therapy
#20
Helen Creedon, Laura Gómez-Cuadrado, Žygimantė Tarnauskaitė, Jozef Balla, Marta Canel, Kenneth G MacLeod, Bryan Serrels, Craig Fraser, Asier Unciti-Broceta, Natasha Tracey, Thierry Le Bihan, Teresa Klinowska, Andrew H Sims, Adam Byron, Valerie G Brunton
Resistance to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted therapies in the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer is a major clinical problem. To identify pathways linked to resistance, we generated HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines which are resistant to either lapatinib or AZD8931, two pan-HER family kinase inhibitors. Resistance was HER2 independent and was associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), resulting in increased proliferation and migration of the resistant cells...
March 8, 2016: Oncotarget
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