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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045229/case-247-jersey-finger-of-the-fifth-finger
#1
Viviane Marie Créteur, Pierre François Durieux, Nicolas Cuylits
History A 34-year-old man without underlying medical conditions came to the emergency department for evaluation of persistent pain over the volar portion of his right fifth finger after a fall during a football match 3 days before. At physical examination, the injured finger was swollen and purple. Passive and active flexion of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints were compromised, without interphalangeal instability. Radiography was performed in the emergency department, and the patient was released with a diagnosis of a fifth digit sprain...
November 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034186/medicinal-biological-and-phytochemical-properties-of-gentiana-species
#2
REVIEW
Fatemeh Mirzaee, Amirsaeed Hosseini, Hossein Bakhshi Jouybari, Ali Davoodi, Mohammad Azadbakht
Gentiana, a cosmopolitan and important genus of the Gentianaceae family, comprises 400 species distributed among the world. Based on the studies of Iranian traditional medicine texts, there are some promising bioactivities for this genus that is unknown in modern medicine and some of them are still the basis of new remedies. In traditional medicine texts, Gentiana's different exclusive forms of preparations are effective for treatment of some disorders such as menstrual over-bleeding, conjunctivitis, vitiligo, animals venom poisoning, injuries, infected wounds, pain and swelling of liver, spleen, stomach and sprains of muscles...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032364/gymnastics-injury-incidence-during-the-2008-2012-and-2016-olympic-games-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-surveillance-data-from-963-registered-gymnasts-during-olympic-games
#3
Pascal Edouard, Kathrin Steffen, Astrid Junge, Michel Leglise, Torbjørn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries in female and male gymnastics disciplines (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline) during three Olympic Games with a view to ultimately improving injury prevention. METHODS: The National Olympic Committee's head physicians and the medical teams of the Local Organising Committee of the Olympic Games reported daily the occurrence (or non-occurrence) of newly sustained injuries in artistic, rhythmic and trampoline gymnastics on a standardised report form during the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympic Games...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018544/verbal-augmented-feedback-in-the-rehabilitation-of-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-dysfunctions-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Marianne Storberget, Linn Helen J Grødahl, Suzanne Snodgrass, Paulette van Vliet, Nicola Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Verbal augmented feedback (VAF) is commonly used in physiotherapy rehabilitation of individuals with lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction or to induce motor learning for injury prevention. Its effectiveness for acquisition, retention and transfer of learning of new skills in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: First, to investigate the effect of VAF for rehabilitation and prevention of lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction. Second, to determine its effect on motor learning and the stages of acquisition, retention and transfer in this population...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990440/influence-of-passive-joint-stiffness-on-proprioceptive-acuity-in-individuals-with-functional-ankle-instability
#5
Hellen Veloso Rocha Marinho, Giovanna Mendes Amaral, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Vanessa Lara Araújo, Thales Rezende Souza, Juliana Melo Ocarino, Sérgio Teixeira da Fonseca
Study Design Controlled Laboratory Study; Cross-sectional. Background Deficits in ankle proprioceptive acuity have been reported in persons with functional instability of the ankle. Passive stiffness has been proposed as a possible mechanism underlying proprioceptive acuity. Objectives 1) to compare proprioceptive acuity and passive ankle stiffness between persons with and without functional ankle instability, and 2) to assess the influence of passive joint stiffness on the proprioceptive acuity in persons with functional ankle instability...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988268/epidemiology-of-dance-related-injuries-presenting-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-2000-2013
#6
Amy J Vassallo, Claire Hiller, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Evangelos Pappas
Dance is a popular activity associated with many physical and mental health benefits, but injuries are a concern for all skill levels. Previous studies have focused on professional dancers or particular genres, meaning the population-wide characteristics of injuries is unknown. This study's objective was to identify the incidence and types of dance-related injuries evaluated in emergency departments in the United States over the 14-year period 2000-2013. METHODS: Data were obtained from the nationally representative National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from 2000-2013...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986428/injury-upon-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-subsequent-injury-claims-in-the-24-months-following-a-substantial-injury
#7
Helen Harcombe, Gabrielle Davie, Emma Wyeth, Ari Samaranayaka, Sarah Derrett
OBJECTIVES: This study examines subsequent injuries reported to the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC), New Zealand's universal no-fault injury insurer, in the 24 months following an ACC entitlement claim injury event. Specific aims were to determine the: (1) 12 and 24 month cumulative incidence of at least one ACC-reported subsequent injury (ACC-SUBS-Inj), (2) characteristics of participants with and without ACC-SUBS-Inj, (3) frequency of ACC-SUBS-Inj, (4) time periods in which people are at higher risk of ACC-SUBS-Inj and (5) types of ACC-SUBS-Inj...
October 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985702/descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-sustained-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-volleyball-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#8
Christine M Baugh, Gil S Weintraub, Andrew J Gregory, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: There were 18,844 volleyball players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the 2014-2015 academic year. Little research has examined sex-based differences among these athletes. PURPOSE: To examine injury epidemiology in NCAA men's and women's volleyball athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injury surveillance data from the 2013-2014 through 2014-2015 academic years were obtained from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program for 6 men's and 33 women's collegiate volleyball teams...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#9
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979582/recent-developments-in-the-treatment-of-ankle-and-subtalar-instability
#10
Kazuya Sugimoto, Shinji Isomoto, Norihiro Samoto, Koujirou Okahashi, Masasuke Araki
It was nearly a centenary ago that severe ankle sprain was recognized as an injury of the ankle ligament(s). With the recent technological advances and tools in imaging and surgical procedures, the management of ankle sprains - including subtalar injuries - has drastically improved. The repair or reconstruction of ankle ligaments is getting more anatomical and less invasive than previously. More specifically, ligamentous reconstruction with tendon graft has been the gold standard in the management of severely damaged ligament, however, it does not reproduce the original ultrastructure of the ankle ligaments...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958714/the-spectrum-of-pediatric-injuries-sustained-in-snow-sports
#11
Zara Summers, Warwick J Teague, John M Hutson, Cameron S Palmer, Helen E Jowett, Sebastian K King
BACKGROUND: Snow sports are popular among children but carry the potential for significant injury. Head injuries are less common than fractures and sprains but may be fatal. Helmets are recommended for all snow sports, and yet their effectiveness remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the spectrum of injuries sustained at three large alpine resorts and to assess the effect of helmet usage on injury severity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected pediatric trauma data (2005-2015) from the three largest alpine resorts in our state...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958637/injuries-and-other-adverse-events-associated-with-yoga-practice-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#12
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Thomas Ostermann, Gustav Dobos
OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the prevalence of yoga-associated injuries and other adverse events in epidemiological studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of observational studies. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMed were searched through October 2016 for epidemiological studies assessing the prevalence of adverse events of yoga practice or comparing the risk of any adverse events between yoga practitioners and non-yoga practitioners...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957384/two-genetic-loci-associated-with-ankle-injury
#13
Stuart K Kim, John P Kleimeyer, Marwa A Ahmed, Andrew L Avins, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo, John P A Ioannidis
Ankle injuries, including sprains, strains and other joint derangements and instability, are common, especially for athletes involved in indoor court or jumping sports. Identifying genetic loci associated with these ankle injuries could shed light on their etiologies. A genome-wide association screen was performed using publicly available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH) including 1,694 cases of ankle injury and 97,646 controls. An indel (chr21:47156779:D) that lies close to a collagen gene, COL18A1, showed an association with ankle injury at genome-wide significance (p = 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947224/stair-related-injuries-treated-in-united-states-emergency-departments
#14
Danielle Herbert Blazewick, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Christy L Collins, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of stair-related injuries among individuals of all ages and estimate national injury frequencies and rates using a representative sample of patients treated in United States emergency departments. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were analyzed for patients treated for stair-related injuries in United States emergency departments from 1990 through 2012. RESULTS: An estimated 24,760,843 patients were treated in emergency departments for a stair-related injury during the 23-year study period, averaging 1,076,558 patients annually, or 37...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946541/effects-of-two-proprioceptive-training-programs-on-ankle-range-of-motion-pain-functional-and-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-ankle-sprain
#15
Lazaros Lazarou, Nikolaos Kofotolis, Georgios Pafis, Eleftherios Kellis
BACKGROUND: Following ankle sprain, residual symptoms are often apparent, and proprioceptive training is a treatment approach. Evidence, however, is limited and the optimal program has to be identified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two post-acute supervised proprioceptive training programs in individuals with ankle sprain. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a physiotherapy center for ankle sprain rehabilitation. In a pre-post treatment, blinded-assessor design, 22 individuals were randomly allocated to a balance or a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) group...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933934/emergency-medical-service-personnel-s-risk-from-violence-while-serving-the-community
#16
Brian J Maguire, Barbara J O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site. RESULTS: The number of cases per year varied between 250 and 560. Perpetrators included patients (77%) and coworkers (8%)...
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929927/ankle-taping-can-reduce-external-ankle-joint-moments-during-drop-landings-on-a-tilted-surface
#17
Nahoko Sato, Hiroyuki Nunome, Luke S Hopper, Yasuo Ikegami
Ankle taping is commonly used to prevent ankle sprains. However, kinematic assessments investigating the biomechanical effects of ankle taping have provided inconclusive results. This study aimed to determine the effect of ankle taping on the external ankle joint moments during a drop landing on a tilted surface at 25°. Twenty-five participants performed landings on a tilted force platform that caused ankle inversion with and without ankle taping. Landing kinematics were captured using a motion capture system...
September 20, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918732/acupuncture-for-analgesia-in-the-emergency-department-a-multicentre-randomised-equivalence-and-non-inferiority-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marc M Cohen, De Villiers Smit, Nick Andrianopoulos, Michael Ben-Meir, David McD Taylor, Shefton J Parker, Chalie C Xue, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess analgesia provided by acupuncture, alone or in combination with pharmacotherapy, to patients presenting to emergency departments with acute low back pain, migraine or ankle sprain. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, assessor-blinded, equivalence and non-inferiority trial of analgesia, comparing acupuncture alone, acupuncture plus pharmacotherapy, and pharmacotherapy alone for alleviating pain in the emergency department...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912634/posterior-hip-instability-relocation-testing-a-resident-s-case-report
#19
Rich Maas, Scott Wallentine, Dale Gerke, Sam Crager, Jessica Stewart
BACKGROUND: Micro-instability (non-radiographic clinical instability) continues to gain recognition as a problem at the hip. Although most research has been directed to anterior hip instability, posterior hip instability (PHI) has also garnered attention. PHI is under recognized, difficult to identify, and confused with other hip pathologies such as a simple sprain or strain. A novel clinical test is introduced that may have helped identify PHI in this patient. Additionally, a conservative rehabilitation approach emphasizing stabilization exercises is described...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#20
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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