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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#1
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238733/the-impact-of-body-checking-on-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#2
David P Trofa, Caroline N Park, Manish S Noticewala, T Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad, Charles A Popkin
Background: Body checking is a common cause of youth ice hockey injuries. Consequently, USA Hockey raised the minimum age at which body checking is permitted from the Pee Wee level (11-12 years old) to the Bantam level (13-14 years old) in 2011. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of body checking on the distribution of injuries reported in youth ice hockey players. We hypothesized that the elimination of body checking at the Pee Wee level would lower the frequency of serious injuries, particularly concussions...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237543/diagnosis-and-management-of-mcfarland-fractures-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
M Birt, B Vopat, P Schroeppel, A Tarakemeh, B Everist, S Mullen
BACKGROUND: McFarland fracture is the eponym for a rare Salter Harris III or IV fracture involving the medial distal tibia. These fractures can be difficult to diagnose without a high index suspicion and appropriate radiographic imaging. These fractures may result in significant growth disturbances to the pediatric patient. When diagnosed and treated acutely, these fractures can be managed with cast immobilization and close follow up. If diagnoses in a delayed fashion they can result in significant morbidity including prolonged casting and possible surgical treatment...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230289/accessory-anterolateral-talar-facet-impingement-with-tibialis-spastic-varus-foot
#5
Toshinori Kurashige
In recent years, some authors have reported accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with flatfoot including peroneal spastic flatfoot. Conversely, to our knowledge, no case report has been published about accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with tibialis spastic varus foot. We report the first case in a 22-year-old man with intellectual disability, bilateral cleft hands and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Since spraining his left ankle over a year earlier, he experienced left sinus tarsi pain while standing and walking...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228442/a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-review
#6
A Riva, P Allegrini, F Franceschi, S Togni, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner
Standard pharmacological treatment of musculoskeletal conditions is often associated with relevant side effects. Botanical preparations endowed with a good tolerability profile, therefore, could have a role in the management of these disorders. Among different natural products, Boswellia serrata extracts have long been used for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, given their marked anti-inflammatory activity and their ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, standard preparations of Boswellia serrata show overall modest pharmacokinetic properties, a limitation which may ultimately lead to reduced efficacy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211371/-primary-lymphedema
#7
Michèle Depairon, Claudia Lessert, Didier Tomson, Lucia Mazzolai
Characterized by an aplasia, hypoplasia or dysplasia of the lymphatic network, the primary lymphedema takes part of rare diseases. If 10 % of cases are congenital, the majority of them are detected before 35 years, most of the time due to an intercurrent event suh as a sprain or an infection. Although rarer, some primaries lymphedemas are family forms such the syndromes of Milroy and Meige. The primary lymphedema can also be a part of more complex malformative diseases such as Klinefelter, Turner or Noonan syndromes...
December 6, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202636/range-of-motion-and-ankle-injury-history-association-with-sex-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes
#8
Dai Sugimoto, Ronald E McCartney, Robert L Parisien, Jesse Dashe, Dennis R Borg, William P Meehan
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries among young athletes, and there remains a gap in the literature regarding susceptibility to such injuries among physically active youth. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the associations between sex, a history of ankle sprain, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: Athletes under the age of 18 years old who presented to a sports injury prevention center underwent ankle ROM measurements including plantarflexion (PF), inversion (IV), and eversion (EV)...
December 4, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193314/effects-of-wobble-board-training-on-single-leg-landing-neuromechanics
#9
Priscila de Brito Silva, Anderson Souza Castelo Oliveira, Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting, Uwe Gustav Kersting
Balance training programs have been shown to reduce ankle sprain injuries in sports, but little is known about the transfer from this training modality to motor coordination and ankle joint biomechanics in sport specific movements. This study aimed to investigate the effects of wobble board training on motor coordination and ankle mechanics during early single-leg landing from a lateral jump. Twenty-two healthy men were randomly assigned to either a control or a training group, who engaged in four weeks of wobble board training...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189531/characterization-of-american-football-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Patrick J Smith, Anthony M Hollins, Jeffrey R Sawyer, David D Spence, Shane Outlaw, Derek M Kelly
BACKGROUND: As a collision sport, football carries a significant risk of injury, as indicated by the large number of pediatric football-related injuries seen in emergency departments. There is little information in the medical literature focusing on the age-related injury patterns of this sport. Our purpose was to evaluate the types of football-related injuries that occur in children and adolescents and assess which patient characteristics, if any, affect injury pattern. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed of football-related injuries treated at a level 1 pediatric referral hospital emergency department and surrounding urgent care clinics between January 2010 and January 2014...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188312/physical-therapists-as-first-line-diagnosticians-for-traumatic-acute-rotator-cuff-tears-a-prospective-study
#11
Knut E Aagaard, Jonas Hänninen, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Karl Lunsjö
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of traumatic acute full-thickness rotator cuff tears (FTRCT) is important to offer early surgical repair. Late repairs following fatty infiltration of the rotator cuff muscles have less favorable results. We think that physical therapists are valuable diagnosticians in a screening process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of physical therapists as first-line diagnosticians in detecting acute traumatic FTRCT. METHODS: Between November 2010 and January 2014, 394 consecutive patients having an age between 18 and 75 years who sought medical care because of acute shoulder trauma with acute onset of pain, limited abduction and negative plain radiographs were included in the study...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182021/injuries-depicted-in-sport-related-films
#12
Robert P Olympia, Hannah Wakefield, Bryan Wakefield, Christopher J Weber
The perception that children and adolescents have of injuries may be influenced by their depiction in sport-related films. The objective of this study was to determine the depiction of injuries in a select number of sport-related films. Forty-four films were analyzed. Injury category, on-the-field management, and long-term management were determined for each injury. Major injuries were defined as injuries requiring prompt intervention and immediate discontinuation of sport participation. A total of 49 injuries were depicted, categorized as fracture (n = 11), contusion (n = 10), brain concussion (n = 8), muscle cramps (n = 5), laceration/abrasion (n = 4), ligamentous knee injury (n = 4), shoulder dislocation (n = 2), rotator cuff injury (n = 2), ankle sprain (n = 2), and unspecified injury (n = 1)...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178310/a-new-intraoperative-syndesmosis-instability-classification-system-utility-and-medium-term-results-in-closed-displaced-ankle-fractures
#13
Hai-Bin Qiu, Jun Jiang, Daniel Porter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility and medium-term results of a new intra-operative classification system for distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury in ankle fractures. METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2015, 116 patients diagnosed with displaced closed Weber B and C ankle fractures were treated in our department. The etiology of injury was 56 cases of fall-sprain, 36 of traffic injury, 14 of fall from a height, and 10 of multiple injuries. After fixation of the fibular fracture, we classify syndesmosis stability as either normal or one of three grades of instability using the fibular hook traction test...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177685/postural-stability-deficit-could-predict-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Alberto Grassi, Konstantinos Alexiou, Annunziato Amendola, Claude T Moorman, Kristian Samuelsson, Olufemi R Ayeni, Stefano Zaffagnini, Timothy Sell
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review aimed to determine (1) if the postural stability deficit represents a risk factor for ankle sprains; (2) the most effective postural stability evaluation to predict ankle sprains and (3) eventual confounding factors that could influence postural stability and ankle sprain risk. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL using the search terms (balance) OR (postural stability) matched with (lower limb) OR (ankle) OR (foot) and (sprain) OR (injury) on October 2 2017...
November 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175719/does-chronic-ankle-instability-influence-lower-extremity-muscle-activation-of-females-during-landing
#15
Yumeng Li, Jupil Ko, Marika A Walker, Cathleen N Brown, Julianne D Schmidt, Seock-Ho Kim, Kathy J Simpson
Much remains unclear about how chronic ankle instability (CAI) could affect knee muscle activations and interact with knee biomechanics. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the influence of CAI on the lower extremity muscle activation at the ankle and knee joints during landings on a tilted surface. A surface electromyography system and two force plates were used to collect lower extremity muscle activation of 21 young female individuals with CAI and 21 pair-matched controls during a double-leg landing with test limb landing on the tilted surface...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174064/the-health-economics-of-ankle-and-foot-sprains-and-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-english-language-published-papers-part-2-the-direct-and-indirect-costs-of-injury
#16
REVIEW
Iwona A Bielska, Xiang Wang, Raymond Lee, Ana P Johnson
BACKGROUND: Ankle and foot sprains and fractures are prevalent injuries, which may result in substantial physical and economic consequences for the patient and place a financial burden on the health care system. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are to examine the direct and indirect costs of treating ankle and foot injuries (sprains, dislocations, fractures), as well as to provide an overview of the outcomes of full economic analyses of different treatment strategies. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out among seven databases to identify English language publications on the health economics of ankle and foot injury treatment published between 1980 and 2014...
July 20, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171312/acute-lateral-ankle-sprain-to-chronic-ankle-instability-a-pathway-of-dysfunction
#17
Tyler M Miklovic, Luke Donovan, Omar A Protzuk, Matthew S Kang, Mark A Feger
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) have been reported as one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries observed in sports and in individuals who are recreationally active. Approximately 40% of individuals who sustain a LAS develop a condition known as chronic ankle instability (CAI). Years of research has identified numerous impairments associated with CAI such as decreases in range of motion (ROM), strength, postural control, and altered movement patterns during functional activities when compared to individuals with no LAS history...
November 29, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170335/38%C3%A2-a-comparison-of-two-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-severe-ankle-sprains-and-distal-fibular-avulsion-fractures-a-patient-perspective
#18
Sarah Powell
: Stable ankle injuries are highly prevalent in Emergency Departments across the UK. Appropriate management to enable patients to experience a smooth recovery and prevent chronic ankle instability or reoccurrence is a priority. Current literature states that stable ankle fractures and severe ankle sprains can be successfully managed with the below knee plaster or the aircast brace and crutches. The functional brace has proved to be clinically effective in several reports. There has however, been no research to measure patient satisfaction levels between these two treatments...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169097/altered-postural-control-variability-in-older-aged-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain
#19
Masafumi Terada, Kyle Kosik, Nathan Johnson, Phillip Gribble
The current study aimed to examine postural control performance during a single-leg balance task in elderly individuals with and without a previous history of lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Eighteen adults with a previous hisoty of LAS (mean age=66years old) and 12 healthy controls (mean age=65years old) were included in the study. Participants performed three trials of a single-leg balance task during an eyes-opened condition for 20-s. Center of pressure (COP) trajectories in the anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions were collected with a force plate...
November 12, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162658/hand-and-wrist-injuries-among-us-high-school-athletes-2005-06-2015-16
#20
Bernadette K Johnson, Lina Brou, Sarah K Fields, Alexandria N Erkenbeck, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: The risk of hand/wrist injuries is present across various sports. Little is known about the epidemiology of such injuries. The objective of this study was to calculate the rates of hand/wrist injuries and investigate injury patterns among high school athletes. METHODS: Athlete exposure (AE) and hand/wrist injury data were collected during 11 academic years, 2005/06 through 2015/16, from a large sample of US high schools as part of the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
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