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Duo test

Wenkuan Liu, Dehui Chen, Weiping Tan, Duo Xu, Shuyan Qiu, Zhiqi Zeng, Xiao Li, Rong Zhou
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important pathogenic infections of children and requires in-depth research worldwide, and especially in developing countries. We used a novel multiplex real-time PCR to test 5483 patients (≤ 14 years old) hospitalized with respiratory illness in Guangzhou, China, over a 3-year period. Of these patients, 729 were positive for RSV-A (51.2%, 373/729) or RSV-B (48.8%, 356/729), but none was infected with both viruses. Two seasonal peaks in total RSV were detected at the changes from winter to spring and from summer to autumn...
2016: PloS One
Yu-Cheng Li, Ya-Min Liu, Ji-Duo Shen, Jun-Jie Chen, Yang-Yi Pei, Xiao-Yan Fang
Chronic glucocorticoid exposure is known to cause depression and metabolic disorders. It is critical to improve abnormal metabolic status as well as depressive-like behaviors in patients with long-term glucocorticoid therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol on the depressive-like behaviors and metabolic abnormalities induced by chronic corticosterone injection. Male ICR mice were administrated corticosterone (40 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection for three weeks. Resveratrol (50 and 100 mg/kg), fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) and pioglitazone (10 mg/kg) were given by oral gavage 30 min prior to corticosterone administration...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hai-Peng Liu, Yan-Ying Zhao, Bing Li, Jun Qi, Duo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Epicanthal folds and single eyelids are considered characteristic East Asian traits. This study describes a new approach to medial epicanthoplasty based on an orbicularis oculi muscle resection technique and reports the surgical outcomes in Chinese patients. METHODS: The study presents an uncontrolled retrospective case series review of 47 Chinese patients who underwent medial epicanthoplasty with double eyelid surgery from December 2010 to December 2014 by traditional medial epicanthoplasty (Group I, n = 23) or medial epicanthoplasty using the orbicularis oculi muscle resection technique (Group II, n = 24)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Narendran Gopalan, Padmapriyadarsini Chandrasekaran, Soumya Swaminathan, Srikanth Tripathy
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has undoubtedly increased the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) globally, posing a formidable global health challenge affecting 1.2 million cases. Pulmonary TB assumes utmost significance in the programmatic perspective as it is readily transmissible as well as easily diagnosable. HIV complicates every aspect of pulmonary tuberculosis from diagnosis to treatment, demanding a different approach to effectively tackle both the diseases. In order to control these converging epidemics, it is important to diagnose early, initiate appropriate therapy for both infections, prevent transmission and administer preventive therapy...
2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
Duo Yang, Zeqiang Xie, Xuli Xin, Wenying Xue, Man Zhang
Mortality associated with infections due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KP) is high and the infections need to be predicted early. The risk factors for CR-KP infection are heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to construct a model allowing for the early prediction of CR-KP infection. Nosocomial infections due to K. pneumoniae were evaluated retrospectively over a 2-year period. The case cohort consisted of 370 inpatients with CR-KP infection. For each case enrolled, two matched controls with no CR-KP infection during their hospitalization were randomly selected...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
Sheng Zhong, Duo Jiang, Mary Sara McPeek
We consider the problem of genetic association testing of a binary trait in a sample that contains related individuals, where we adjust for relevant covariates and allow for missing data. We propose CERAMIC, an estimating equation approach that can be viewed as a hybrid of logistic regression and linear mixed-effects model (LMM) approaches. CERAMIC extends the recently proposed CARAT method to allow samples with related individuals and to incorporate partially missing data. In simulations, we show that CERAMIC outperforms existing LMM and generalized LMM approaches, maintaining high power and correct type 1 error across a wider range of scenarios...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
B Stawarczyk, D Awad, N Ilie
Determining the amount of blue light (360-540nm) passing through nine monolithic computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials depends on material thickness, initial irradiance, and the distance between the curing unit and the specimen's surface. A total of 180 specimens of two thicknesses (1 mm and 2 mm, n=10/subgroup) were fabricated from TelioCAD, VITA CAD-Temp (VCT), experimental nanocomposite, LAVA Ultimate (LU), VITA ENAMIC (VE), VITA MarkII (VM), IPS EmpressCAD (IEC), IPS e.maxCAD (IEM), and CELTRA DUO (CD)...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
Yuhui Zhang, Yunfei Cai, Meihui Shi, Shibin Jiang, Shaoshan Cui, Yan Wu, Xing-Hua Gao, Hong-Duo Chen
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis assessing the prevalence of vitiligo. METHODS: Literatures that reported prevalence rates of vitiligo were identified using EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database and Weipu database for the period from inception to May 2016. We performed stratified analyses on possible sources of bias, including areas difference, years of publication, gender and age. Publication bias was assessed with Egger's test method...
2016: PloS One
Jing Chen, Bingbing Xie, Yaran Yang, Meng Yang, Chao Liu, Yuexin Lv, Chuguang Chen, Xiu Liu, Xiangdong Fang, Huijuan Wu, Jiangwei Yan
BACKGROUND: Investigation of allele and genotype frequencies of microsatellite loci in various populations is an essential prerequisite in forensic application. AIM: In the present study, we obtained population genetic data and forensic parameters of 39 autosomal Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) loci from Chinese Li ethnic group and estimated the genetic relationships between Li and other reference populations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine STR loci, which include D19S433, D5S818, D21S11, D18S51, D6S1043, D3S1358, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, D2S441, vWA, D8S1179, TPOX, Penta E, TH01, D12S391, D2S1338, FGA, D6S477, D18S535, D19S253, D15S659, D11S2368, D20S470, D1S1656, D22-GATA198B05, D8S1132, D4S2366, D21S1270, D13S325, D9S925, D3S3045, D14S608, D10S1435, D7S3048, D17S1290 and D5S2500, were amplified two multiplex DNA-STR fluorescence detection systems for 189 unrelated healthy individuals of Chinese Li ethnic group...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Nathaniel C Lawson, Ritika Bansal, John O Burgess
OBJECTIVE: To measure the mechanical properties of several CAD/CAM materials, including lithium disilicate (e.max CAD), lithium silicate/zirconia (Celtra Duo), 3 resin composites (Cerasmart, Lava Ultimate, Paradigm MZ100), and a polymer infiltrated ceramic (Enamic). METHODS: CAD/CAM blocks were sectioned into 2.5mm×2.5mm×16mm bars for flexural strength and elastic modulus testing and 4mm thick blocks for hardness and wear testing. E.max CAD and half the Celtra Duo specimens were treated in a furnace...
September 14, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Corine Ngufor, Raphael N'Guessan, Josias Fagbohoun, Damien Todjinou, Abibath Odjo, David Malone, Hanafy Ismail, Martin Akogbeto, Mark Rowland
Olyset Duo is a new long-lasting insecticidal net treated with permethrin (a pyrethroid) and pyriproxyfen, an insect growth regulator that disrupts the maturation of oocytes in mosquitoes exposed to the net. We tested the Olyset Duo net against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, which transmit malaria parasites, in laboratory bioassays and in a trial in Benin using experimental huts that closely resemble local habitations. Host-seeking mosquitoes that entered to feed were free to contact the occupied nets and were collected the next morning from exit traps...
September 14, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Chen Su, Hau Yeuh Lin, Runtao Yang, Duo Xu, Michelle Lee, Natalie Pawlak, Monica Norcini, Alexandra Sideris, Esperanza Recio-Pinto, Dong Huang, Jing Wang
BACKGROUND: AMPAkines augment the function of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors in the brain to increase excitatory outputs. These drugs are known to relieve persistent pain. However, their role in acute pain is unknown. Furthermore, a specific molecular and anatomic target for these novel analgesics remains elusive. METHODS: The authors studied the analgesic role of an AMPAkine, CX546, in a rat paw incision (PI) model of acute postoperative pain...
November 2016: Anesthesiology
Qin Su, Bo Jin, Haibo Luo, Yingbi Li, Jin Wu, Jing Yan, Yiping Hou, Weibo Liang, Lin Zhang
Short tandem repeat (STR) system is the most widely used genetic markers in modem forensic practice. Because of the relatively unstable molecular structure, STRs show a high mutation rate. In the current study, we report 169 mutation events of 13 CODIS and 15 non-CODIS STR loci that were found in 5569 cases of trios and duos paternity test. Our result indicated that locus-specific mutation rate varied among different populations, geometric means of the longest run of perfect repeats (LRPR) and heterozygosity...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Haifa El Zhawi, Marina R Kaizer, Asima Chughtai, Rafael R Moraes, Yu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fatigue fracture resistance and wear behavior of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) material (ENAMIC, Vita Zahnfabrik). METHODS: Anatomically shaped ENAMIC monolithic crowns were milled using a CAD/CAM system. The crowns were cemented on aged dentin-like composite abutments (Z100, 3M ESPE) with resin-based cement (Vita DUO Cement, Vita). The specimens were subjected to 2 types of fatigue and wear tests: (1) accelerated sliding-contact mouth-motion step-stress fatigue test (n=24) in water; and (2) long-term sliding-contact mouth-motion fatigue/wear test using a clinically relevant load (P=200N, n=8) in water...
August 29, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Geeta Shakya, Dipendra Raman Singh, Hemanta Chandra Ojha, Chet Raj Ojha, Shravan Kumar Mishra, Karishma Malla, Puspa Chaudhary, Kiran Regmi
BACKGROUND: Accurate and prompt diagnosis of HIV and syphilis simultaneously has reinforcing effect on their control program because of their prevalent co-infection. Availability of a simple user-friendly two-pronged and affordable detection tools brings down the cost of health care. They are important in the antenatal clinics, with added opportunity for intervention and prevention of mother to child transmission. In cooperation with rapid test kit manufacturers, SD Bioline, NPHL and NCASC, an evaluation of commercially available HIV/syphilis Duo rapid test kit (SD Bioline) to assess its performance and operational characteristics was done in the present study...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fereshteh Shafiei, Mahtab Memarpour, Zahra Sarafraz
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to investigate whether use of an adhesive penetration enhancer, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), improves bond stability of fiber posts to root dentin using two two-step etch-and-rinse resin cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty human maxillary central incisor roots were randomly divided into 4 groups after endodontic treatment and post space preparation, based on the fiber post/cement used with and without DMSO pretreatment. Acid-etched root dentin was treated with 5% DMSO aqueous solution for 60 seconds or with distilled water (control) prior to the application of Excite DSC/Variolink II or One-Step Plus/Duo-link for post cementation...
August 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Takashi Watanabe, Rui Sekine, Toshihiko Mizuno, Mitsuharu Miwa
We have developed portable near-infrared tissue oxygenation monitoring systems, called the "PocketNIRS Duo" and the "PocketNIRS HM", which features wireless data communication and a sampling rate of up to 60 data readings per second. The systems can be controlled by smartphone or personal computer. We demonstrate the efficacy of the systems for monitoring changes in brain and arm muscle hemodynamics and oxygenation in breath-holding and cuff-occlusion tests, respectively.Our systems should prove to be useful as an oxygenation monitor not only in research but also in healthcare applications...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Bo Wei, Zhong-Duo Yang, Xiao-Wei Chen, Shuang-Yan Zhou, Hai-Tao Yu, Jing-Yun Sun, Xiao-Jun Yao, Yong-Gang Wang, Hong-Yan Xue
Four novel lactams, colletotrilactam A-D (1-4), along with six known compounds (5-10) were isolated from the culture broth of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides GT-7, a fungal endophyte of Uncaria rhynchophylla. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by comprehensive NMR spectroscopy. Isolates were tested for monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitory activity and compound 9 showed potent MAO inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 8.93±0.34μg/mL, when the IC50 value of iproniazid as a standard was 1.80±0...
September 2016: Fitoterapia
Zhiqiang Li, Lihua Huang, Xiao Yu, Can Yu, Hongwei Zhu, Xia Li, Duo Han, Hui Huang
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore the alteration of autophagy in rat pancreas treated with exenatide. METHODS: Normal Sprague-Dawley rats and diabetes-model rats induced by 2-month high-sugar and high-fat diet and streptozotocin injection were subcutaneously injected with exenatide, respectively, for 10 weeks, with homologous rats treated with saline as control. Meanwhile, AR42J cells, pancreatic acinar cell line, were cultured with exenatide at doses of 5 pM for 3 days...
August 11, 2016: Pancreas
Guan Qiao Jin, Jun Yang, Li Dong Liu, Dan Ke Su, Duo Ping Wang, Sheng Fa Zhao, Zhi Ling Liao
The aim of the study was to prospectively assess the diagnostic accuracy of 1.5 T diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for 5 to 10 mm metastatic cervical lymph nodes of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). All patients with histopathologically confirmed NPC underwent DWI with 2 b values of 0 and 800 s/mm were enrolled. The shortest axial diameter and mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value were recorded when lymph nodes with a shortest axial diameter from 5 to 10 mm were measured. The correlation between the pathological diagnoses and mean ADC values in the benign and metastatic lymph nodes were compared using the Z test...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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