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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#1
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176946/lower-education-among-low-income-brazilian-adolescent-females-is-associated-with-planned-pregnancies
#2
Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Karen M Tabb, Guilherme Niciunovas, Carrie Cunningham, Paulo R Menezes, Hsiang Huang
Adolescent pregnancy has social, economic, and educational consequences and is also linked to adverse perinatal outcomes. However, studies show a positive relationship between pregnancy and increased social status among low-income adolescents. This study aims to assess the association between planned pregnancy and years of schooling among low-income Brazilian adolescents. This is a secondary analysis of a cohort study conducted from May 2005 to March 2007 in public primary care clinics in São Paulo, Brazil...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126366/testing-for-zika-virus-infection-in-pregnancy-key-concepts-to-deal-with-an-emerging-epidemic
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Eppes, Martha Rac, James Dunn, James Versalovic, Kristy O Murray, Melissa A Suter, Magda Sanz Cortes, Jimmy Espinoza, Maxim D Seferovic, Wesley Lee, Peter Hotez, Joan Mastrobattista, Steven L Clark, Michael A Belfort, Kjersti M Aagaard
Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne (Aedes genus) arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. Following epidemics in Micronesia and French Polynesia during the past decade, more recent Zika virus infection outbreaks were first reported in South America as early as May 2013 and spread to now 50 countries throughout the Americas. Although no other flavivirus has previously been known to cause major fetal malformations following perinatal infection, reports of a causal link between Zika virus and microcephaly, brain and ocular malformations, and fetal loss emerged from hard-hit regions of Brazil by October 2015...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118360/the-world-health-organization-fetal-growth-charts-a-multinational-longitudinal-study-of-ultrasound-biometric-measurements-and-estimated-fetal-weight
#5
Torvid Kiserud, Gilda Piaggio, Guillermo Carroli, Mariana Widmer, José Carvalho, Lisa Neerup Jensen, Daniel Giordano, José Guilherme Cecatti, Hany Abdel Aleem, Sameera A Talegawkar, Alexandra Benachi, Anke Diemert, Antoinette Tshefu Kitoto, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Pisake Lumbiganon, Ann Tabor, Alka Kriplani, Rogelio Gonzalez Perez, Kurt Hecher, Mark A Hanson, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Lawrence D Platt
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mortality and morbidity continue to be major global health challenges strongly associated with prematurity and reduced fetal growth, an issue of further interest given the mounting evidence that fetal growth in general is linked to degrees of risk of common noncommunicable diseases in adulthood. Against this background, WHO made it a high priority to provide the present fetal growth charts for estimated fetal weight (EFW) and common ultrasound biometric measurements intended for worldwide use...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939461/preeclampsia-prevalence-and-perinatal-repercussions-in-a-university-hospital-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Karina Bilda de Castro Rezende, Rita Guérios Bornia, Ana Paula Vieira Dos Santos Esteves, Antonio José Ledo Alves da Cunha, Joffre Amim Junior
Preeclampsia (PE) prevalence studies in Brazil are both scarce and not divided in accordance with gestational age at delivery. We accessed PE prevalence according to delivery before 34, 37 and 42weeks in a cross-sectional study including 4464 single deliveries. PE was diagnosed in 301 cases (6.74%); Prevalence of PE was 0.78%; 1.92% and 6.74% according to deliveries before 34, 37 and 42weeks. PE was associated with fetal death, prematurity and small for gestational age newborns.
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925023/physical-activity-in-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#7
Adriana Sousa Rêgo, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Claúdia Costa Ribeiro, Heloísa Bettiol, Viviane Cunha Cardoso, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Flávia Helen Furtado Loureiro, Antonio Augusto Moura da Silva
This study focused on the association between physical activity in the second trimester of pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes: low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The study used a sample from the BRISA cohort, São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil, which included women with singleton pregnancy, gestational age from 22 to 25 weeks confirmed by obstetric ultrasound performed at < 20 weeks, and re-interviewed in the first 24 hours postpartum (n = 1,380)...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894150/spatial-approach-of-perinatal-mortality-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-2003-2012
#8
Taís Siqueira Venâncio, Tássia Soldi Tuan, Fernanda Pires Cecchetti Vaz, Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento
Objectives To identifying spatial patterns in the distribution of perinatal mortality in the state of São Paulo from 2003 to 2012. Methods An ecological and exploratory study with data on perinatal mortality rates of every thousand live births, which were registered on the digital database containing 645 municipalities in the state of São Paulo within the periods of 2003 to 2007 and 2008 to 2012. The spatial analysis provided Moran's index (MI) and thematic maps of rates, and the Moran maps of both periods were drawn...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892990/zika-virus-what-the-otolaryngologist-should-know-a-review
#9
Demetri Arnaoutakis, Tapan Padhya
Importance: Initially discovered in 1947, Zika virus infection received little notoriety as a tropical disease until 2015 when an outbreak of microcephaly cases was reported in Brazil. Zika is a single-stranded RNA arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. The primary source of infection in humans stems from Aedes aegypti mosquito bites but can also occur through sexual, blood, and perinatal transmission. With expectations that 3 to 4 million people across the Americas will be infected over the next year, the World Health Organization has declared this event a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821614/international-standards-for-symphysis-fundal-height-based-on-serial-measurements-from-the-fetal-growth-longitudinal-study-of-the-intergrowth-21st-project-prospective-cohort-study-in-eight-countries
#10
Aris T Papageorghiou, Eric O Ohuma, Michael G Gravett, Jane Hirst, Mariangela F da Silveira, Ann Lambert, Maria Carvalho, Yasmin A Jaffer, Douglas G Altman, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Cesar Victora, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy, José Villar
OBJECTIVE:  To create international symphysis-fundal height standards derived from pregnancies of healthy women with good maternal and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN:  Prospective longitudinal observational study. SETTING:  Eight geographically diverse urban regions in Brazil, China, India, Italy, Kenya, Oman, United Kingdom, and United States. PARTICIPANTS:  Healthy, well nourished pregnant women enrolled into the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study component of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project at 9-14 weeks' gestation, and followed up until birth...
November 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776584/tuberculosis-in-hiv-infected-children-in-europe-thailand-and-brazil-paediatric-tb-hiv-eurocoord-study
#11
A Turkova, E Chappell, S Chalermpantmetagul, M Della Negra, A Volokha, N Primak, S Solokha, V Rozenberg, G Kiselyova, E Yastrebova, M Miloenko, N Bashakatova, S Kanjanavanit, J Calvert, P Rojo, S Ansone, G Jourdain, R Malyuta, R Goodall, A Judd, C Thorne
SETTING: Centres participating in the Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA), including Thailand and Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, presentation, treatment and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children. DESIGN: Observational study of TB diagnosed in HIV-infected children in 2011-2013. RESULTS: Of 4265 children aged <16 years, 127 (3%) were diagnosed with TB: 6 (5%) in Western Europe, 80 (63%) in Eastern Europe, 27 (21%) in Thailand and 14 (11%) in Brazil, with estimated TB incidence rates of respectively 239, 982, 1633 and 2551 per 100 000 person-years (py)...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768709/maternal-and-birth-characteristics-and-childhood-embryonal-solid-tumors-a-population-based-report-from-brazil
#12
Neimar de Paula Silva, Rejane de Souza Reis, Rafael Garcia Cunha, Júlio Fernando Pinto Oliveira, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Beatriz de Camargo
BACKGROUND: Several maternal and birth characteristics have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of many childhood cancers. Our goal was to evaluate the risk of childhood embryonal solid tumors in relation to pre- and perinatal characteristics. METHODS: A case-cohort study was performed using two population-based datasets, which were linked through R software. Tumors were classified as central nervous system (CNS) or non-CNS-embryonal (retinoblastoma, neuroblastoma, renal tumors, germ cell tumors, hepatoblastoma and soft tissue sarcoma)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766941/use-of-robson-classification-to-assess-cesarean-section-rate-in-brazil-the-role-of-source-of-payment-for-childbirth
#13
Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide but there is some concern with this trend because of potential maternal and perinatal risks. The Robson classification is the standard method to monitor and compare CS rates. Our objective was to analyze CS rates in Brazil according to source of payment for childbirth (public or private) using the Robson classification. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national hospital-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763483/the-mysterious-zika-virus-adding-to-the-tropical-flavivirus-mayhem
#14
REVIEW
B Mishra, B Behera
Until now, known as the demure cousin of dengue virus (DENV) inhabiting Africa, Zika virus (ZIKV) has reinvented itself to cause explosive epidemics captivating the Western hemisphere. The outbreak causing potential for ZIKV was realized when it made its way from Africa to Yap Island Micronesia in 2007, and in French Polynesia in 2013. From there, it moved on to Brazil in 2015. Now ZIKV has infected people in more than 33 countries in Central and South America and the Caribbean. Moreover the epidemiological and subsequent virological association with microcephaly cases in Brazil has prompted the World Health Organization to declare a public health emergency of International Concern...
October 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695855/congenital-zika-virus-infection-beyond-neonatal-microcephaly
#15
Adriana Suely de Oliveira Melo, Renato Santana Aguiar, Melania Maria Ramos Amorim, Monica B Arruda, Fabiana de Oliveira Melo, Suelem Taís Clementino Ribeiro, Alba Gean Medeiros Batista, Thales Ferreira, Mayra Pereira Dos Santos, Virgínia Vilar Sampaio, Sarah Rogéria Martins Moura, Luciana Portela Rabello, Clarissa Emanuelle Gonzaga, Gustavo Malinger, Renato Ximenes, Patricia Soares de Oliveira-Szejnfeld, Fernanda Tovar-Moll, Leila Chimelli, Paola Paz Silveira, Rodrigo Delvechio, Luiza Higa, Loraine Campanati, Rita M R Nogueira, Ana Maria Bispo Filippis, Jacob Szejnfeld, Carolina Moreira Voloch, Orlando C Ferreira, Rodrigo M Brindeiro, Amilcar Tanuri
Importance: Recent studies have reported an increase in the number of fetuses and neonates with microcephaly whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus (ZIKV) during pregnancy. To our knowledge, most reports to date have focused on select aspects of the maternal or fetal infection and fetal effects. Objective: To describe the prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes of 11 neonates who had developmental abnormalities and neurological damage associated with ZIKV infection in Brazil...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692281/correlates-of-self-reported-weekday-sleep-duration-in-adolescents-the-18-year-follow-up-of-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-study
#16
Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Darren Lawrence Dahly, Fernanda Oliveira Meller, Helen Gonçalves, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with sleep duration in adolescence. METHODS: Data are from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study of 5249 live births. Of these individuals, 4563 were located for follow-up at 18 years of age, and 4106 agreed to be interviewed (follow-up rate 81.3%). Sleep duration was continuously assessed by survey as hours per weekday. Additional covariates were collected during the perinatal period and at the 11- and 18-year follow-ups...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682232/relationship-between-body-composition-and-pulmonary-function-in-early-adult-life-a-cross-sectional-analysis-nested-in-two-birth-cohort-studies
#17
Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília F Assunção, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Denise P Gigante, Fernando C Barros, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
BACKGROUND: Overweight/obesity has been reported to worsen pulmonary function (PF). This study aimed to examine the association between PF and several body composition (BC) measures in two population-based cohorts. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of individuals aged 18 and 30 years from two Pelotas Birth Cohorts in southern Brazil. PF was assessed by spirometry. Body measures that were collected included body mass index, waist circumference, skinfold thickness, percentages of total and segmented (trunk, arms and legs) fat mass (FM) and total fat-free mass (FFM)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680038/factors-associated-with-the-grief-after-stillbirth-a-comparative-study-between-brazilian-and-canadian-women
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gisele Ferreira Paris, Francine de Montigny, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 26 women who had stillbirth in 2013, living in the city of Maringá, Brazil, and eight women who attended the Centre d'Études et de Rechercheen Intervention Familiale at the University of Quebec en Outaouais, in Canada. The instrument was administered as an interview to a small number of mothers of infants up to three months (n=50), who did not participate in the validation study...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648063/zika-virus-epidemiology-current-phobia-and-preparedness-for-upcoming-mass-gatherings-with-examples-from-world-olympics-and-pilgrimage
#19
REVIEW
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606640/perinatal-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-multicenter-study
#20
Carlos Grandi, Agustina González, José Zubizarreta
INTRODUCTION: Objectives. To assess risk factors associated withneonatal mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (< 1500 g) and the impact of the administration of antenatal corticosteroids. POPULATION AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a VLBW infant cohort from 26 tertiary care and teaching sites member of the South American Neonatal Network (NEOCOSUR), which includes Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay, conducted between 2000 and 2011 on 11 455 records...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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