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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#1
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#2
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116315/-assessment-of-adherence-to-the-safe-childbirth-checklist-in-a-public-maternity-hospital-in-northeast-brazil
#3
Adriana de Oliveira Praxedes, Luciana Arrais, Maria Augusta Azevedo de Araújo, Edna Marta Mendes da Silva, Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Marise Reis de Freitas
Decreasing childbirth-related mortality is a current global health priority. The World Health Organization developed the Safe Childbirth Checklist to reduce adverse events in maternal and perinatal care, using simple and effective practices. The current study aims to evaluate adherence to the checklist by professionals in a maternity hospital in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. The study used an observational, cross-sectional approach to evaluate all births in three months, with data collected from patient charts...
November 6, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103439/perinatal-health-and-malocclusions-in-preschool-children-findings-from-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#4
Cássia Cardozo Amaral, Vanessa Polina Pereira da Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in adolescence has long-term consequences that can negatively influence oral conditions. In this study, we aimed to assess malocclusion in deciduous dentition and its association with prolonged breastfeeding, pacifier use, and perinatal health indicators pertaining to the periods immediately before and after birth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers who became pregnant from 13 to 19 years of age (mean age, 17...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096053/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-episiotomy-repair-following-vaginal-birth
#5
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Bacterial infections occurring during labour, childbirth, and the puerperium may be associated with considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic prophylaxis might reduce wound infection incidence after an episiotomy, particularly in situations associated with a higher risk of postpartum perineal infection, such as midline episiotomy, extension of the incision, or in settings where the baseline risk of infection after vaginal birth is high. However, available evidence is unclear concerning the role of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing infections after an episiotomy...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026430/gestational-perinatal-and-postnatal-factors-that-interfere-with-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-by-six-months-after-birth
#6
Mariana Moraes de Oliveira, José Simon Camelo
BACKGROUND: Despite evidences indicating the superiority of breastfeeding and recent advances in the indicators of breastfeeding in Brazil, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) during the first six months after birth continues to be an infrequent practice in the country. The objective of the present study was to determine which gestational, perinatal, and postnatal factors of the mother-baby dyad might be associated with the cessation of EBF by six months after birth. METHODS: Data were collected at the rooming-in facility of the Reference Center of Women's Health of Ribeirão Preto-Mater (CRSM-Mater) during the postpartum period (24 to 72 h after birth) from December 2012 to April 2013 and by telephone contact between the researcher and participating mothers by six months after birth...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977330/perinatal-features-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Gabriela Foresti Fezer, Marília Barbosa de Matos, Angélica Luciana Nau, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Jair Mendes Marques, Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze perinatal features of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of 75 children with ASD, between January 2008 and January 2015. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of ASD based on DSM-5 criteria, and the informed consent form signed by the person who is legally responsible. The exclusion criterion was missing on the medical record. The variables analyzed were maternal age, prematurity (gestational age under 37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g), and perinatal asphyxia (5th minute Apgar score <7)...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852314/crohn-s-disease-environmental-factors-in-the-developing-world-a-case-control-study-in-a-statewide-catchment-area-in-brazil
#8
Valéria Cristina Loureiro Salgado, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Neio Boechat, Bianca C Schorr, Isabella S Leão, Tiago Nunes, Cyrla Zaltman
AIM: To identify environmental risk factors associated with the development of Crohn's disease (CD) in order to re-assess the hygiene hypothesis. METHODS: A hospital-based, case-control study was carried out with CD patients (n = 145) and controls (n = 163) representing a socioeconomically diverse statewide catchment area in Brazil. Controls were recruited from caregivers of patients seen in different outpatient clinics at the same hospital. A multi-item survey with 94 questions regarding family history of CD, perinatal and childhood circumstances, living conditions, tobacco use and familial socioeconomic status was carried out by interviewers...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835237/gestational-age-at-birth-and-behavioral-problems-from-four-to-11-years-of-age-birth-cohort-study
#9
Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Tiago Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of behavioral problems from middle-childhood to early-adolescence according to gestational age at birth in a middle-income setting. METHODS: A population-based birth cohort (n = 4231) in Pelotas, Brazil, was followed-up in several occasions from birth to 11 years...
August 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832781/health-transition-in-brazil-regional-variations-and-divergence-convergence-in-mortality
#10
Gabriel Mendes Borges
This study analyzes the main characteristics of the health transition in Brazil and its five major regions, using a framework that accounts for regional inequalities in mortality trends. The regional mortality divergence/convergence process is described and discussed by considering the specific contributions of age groups and causes of death in life expectancy variations. Results show that mortality change in Brazil has follow the epidemiologic transition theory to some extent during the period under analysis - for instance, the sharp decline in infant mortality in all regions (first from infectious and parasitic diseases and then from causes associated with the perinatal period) and the increase in the participation of chronic and degenerative diseases as the main cause of death...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832759/spatial-patterns-of-preventable-perinatal-mortality-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#11
Rita de Cássia de Sousa Nascimento, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Costa, José Uéleres Braga, Márcio Santos da Natividade
OBJECTIVE: To identify the spatial distribution patterns and areas of higher risk of preventable perinatal mortality in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: We carried out a spatial aggregated study in 2007, considering the weighting areas (census tracts contiguous sets) of Salvador, of which the center and north present low life conditions. Data were obtained from national vital statistics systems and the 2010 Census. Addresses of live births and stillbirths were geocoded by weighting area...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707345/the-cascade-of-care-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-1996-2013-improving-but-still-some-way-to-go
#12
Cristina Barroso Hofer, Matthias Egger, Mary-Ann Davies, Ana Cristina Cisne Frota, Ricardo Hugo de Oliveira, Thalita Fernandes Abreu, Lúcia Evangelista Araújo, Bernardo Bastos Witthlin, Alice Weber Carvalho, Janaína Rivas Cordeiro, Giulia Pasqualini Lima, Olivia Keiser
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cascade of care to HIV mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in a Rio de Janeiro reference paediatric clinic and evaluate the main factors possibly associated with HIV transmission. METHODS: Data on antenatal care (ANC), perinatal and neonatal assistance to HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected children assisted in the clinic from 1996 to 2013 were collected. The cascade of care was graphically demonstrated, and possible factors associated with HIV infection were described using regression models for bivariate and multivariate analysis...
October 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602031/audit-and-feedback-using-the-robson-classification-to-reduce-caesarean-section-rates-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
A A Boatin, F Cullinane, M R Torloni, A P Betrán
BACKGROUND: In most regions worldwide, caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing. In these settings, new strategies are needed to reduce CS rates. OBJECTIVES: To identify, critically appraise and synthesise studies using the Robson classification as a system to categorise and analyse data in clinical audit cycles to reduce CS rates. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and LILACS were searched from 2001 to 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies reporting use of the Robson classification to categorise and analyse data in clinical audit cycles to reduce CS rates...
June 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595510/young-adults-hiv-1-infected-by-vertical-transmission-in-southern-brazil-clinical-demographic-and-virological-features
#14
Beatris M Martin, Jucélia S Santos, Fernanda V Scapinello, Clea El Ribeiro, Monica M Gomes-da-Silva, Sonia M Raboni
Combination antiretroviral therapy promotes longer life expectancy, making it possible for perinatally HIV-infected patients to achieve adulthood. Past therapy was not always optimized, suggesting that virological and host features may also play a role in survival. The aim of this study is to describe characteristics of HIV disease progression associated with virological features in adolescents perinatally that were HIV infected. A case series was conducted including 81 patients that were in follow-up at Hospital de Clínicas/Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537476/intimate-partner-violence-is-associated-with-suicidality-among-low-income-postpartum-women
#15
Karen M Tabb, Hsiang Huang, Miriam Valdovinos, Raman Toor, Teresa Ostler, Erin Vanderwater, Yang Wang, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Alexandre Faisal-Cury
BACKGROUND: Although intimate partner violence (IPV) during perinatal period is more common than during other maternal health conditions, it receives less attention within research on maternal mortality rates. Given the risks for maternal mortality because of suicidality, the purpose of this investigation is to examine the risk of suicidal ideation (SI) among postpartum women exposed to IPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants were recruited between May 2005 and March 2007 from primary care clinics in São Paulo, Brazil...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438209/selective-episiotomy-vs-implementation-of-a-non-episiotomy-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
M M Amorim, Isabela Cristina Coutinho, Inês Melo, Leila Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite all the evidence corroborating the selective use of episiotomy and although routine use of the procedure is contraindicated, there are no evidences corroborating if episiotomy is necessary in any circumstance. The present clinical randomized trial was performed to compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in women submitted to a non-episiotomy protocol versus one of selective episiotomy. METHODS: An open-labelled, randomized clinical trial was carried out in a tertiary teaching hospital in Recife, Northeastern Brazil...
April 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#17
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#18
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380160/high-risk-pregnancies-and-factors-associated-with-neonatal-death
#19
Marcela de Oliveira Demitto, Angela Andréia França Gravena, Cátia Millene Dell'Agnolo, Marcos Benatti Antunes, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with intra-hospital neonatal mortality based on the individual characteristics of at-risk pregnant mothers, delivery and newborns. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study of live newborns delivered by women attended at the high-risk outpatient unit of a philanthropic hospital in Maringá, Paraná, Brazil between September 2012 and September 2013. RESULTS: Six hundred and eighty-eight women participated in the study...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325678/early-neonatal-deaths-associated-with-perinatal-asphyxia-in-infants-%C3%A2-2500g-in-brazil
#20
Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Mandira Daripa Kawakami, Lícia Maria Oliveira Moreira, Rosa Maria Vaz Dos Santos, Lêni Márcia Anchieta, Ruth Guinsburg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the annual burden of early neonatal deaths associated with perinatal asphyxia in infants weighing ≥2500g in Brazil from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: The population study enrolled all live births of infants with birth weight ≥2500g and without malformations who died up to six days after birth with perinatal asphyxia, defined as intrauterine hypoxia, asphyxia at birth, or meconium aspiration syndrome. The cause of death was written in any field of the death certificate, according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (P20...
March 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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