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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916433/resilience-in-families-of-children-with-autism-and-sleep-problems-using-mixed-methods
#1
Cristine A Roberts, Jennifer Hunter, An-Lin Cheng
PURPOSE: About 80% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have sleep problems that may disrupt optimal family functioning. We explored the impact of sleep problems on families' resilience. DESIGN AND METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was used to discern whether resilience differed between families whose children with ASD have or do not have sleep problems, to seek predictors for family hardiness/resilience, and to determine whether narrative findings support, expand, or conflict quantitative findings...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899311/australian-national-enterovirus-reference-laboratory-annual-report-2014
#2
Jason Roberts, Linda Hobday, Aishah Ibrahim, Thomas Aitken, Bruce Thorley
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, Australia conducts surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age as the main method to monitor its polio-free status. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2014, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892236/visualization-instructions-enhance-preschoolers-spatial-problem-solving
#3
Carolyn M Palmquist, Rachel Keen, Vikram K Jaswal
This study explores whether verbal instructions to visualize an event can improve children's ability to make predictions about a difficult spatial problem. Three-year-olds (N = 48) were introduced to two intertwined tubes, and prior to predicting how a ball would travel through a given tube, one group of children was told to imagine the ball rolling down the tube, one group was told an explicit rule about where the ball would land, and a third group was given no instructions. Children were prevented from interacting with the apparatus to investigate the effect of the different verbal instructions alone on their problem-solving...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882273/school-transportation-mode-by-distance-between-home-and-school-united-states-consumerstyles-2012
#4
Laurie F Beck, Daniel D Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death among children in the United States, and almost one-fourth of all trips by school-aged children are trips to and from school. This study sought to determine how children (5-18years) travel to and from school and, among those living ≤1mile of school, to explore the role of school bus service eligibility on school travel mode. METHODS: We used national 2012 survey data to determine prevalence of usual school travel mode, stratified by distance from school...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841624/predictors-quality-markers-and-economics-of-volunteering-internationally-results-from-a-comprehensive-survey-of-american-society-of-plastic-surgeons-members
#5
Joyce K McIntyre, Anna R Schoenbrunner, Kristen D Kelley, Amanda A Gosman
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgeons have a long history of international volunteer work. To date, there have been no outcome-based studies among surgeons who volunteer internationally. The purpose of this study was to describe predictors of volunteering, clinical quality markers, and economics of international volunteering among American plastic surgeons. METHODS: A cross-sectional validated e-mail survey tool was sent to all board-certified plastic surgeons by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800730/genotypes-of-hepatitis-a-virus-in-turkey-first-report-and-clinical-profile-of-children-infected-with-sub-genotypes-ia-and-iiia
#6
Huseyin Yilmaz, Asiye Karakullukcu, Nuri Turan, Utku Y Cizmecigil, Aysun Yilmaz, Ayse A Ozkul, Ozge Aydin, Alper Gunduz, Mahmut Mete, Fadile Y Zeyrek, Taner T Kirazoglu, Juergen A Richt, Bekir Kocazeybek
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a food and water-borne virus causing clinical (mainly hepatitis) and subclinical disease in humans. It is important to characterize circulating strains of HAV in order to prevent HAV infections using efficacious vaccines. The aim of this study was the detection and characterization of the circulating strains of HAV in Turkey by performing serology, RT-PCR, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: In this study, 355 HAV suspected cases were analysed by ELISA for the presence of antibodies to HAV...
August 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759391/case-report-of-a-hypobaric-chamber-fitness-to-fly-test-in-a-child-with-severe-cystic-lung-disease
#7
Sarah Loo, Andrew Campbell, Julian Vyas, Naveen Pillarisetti
Patients with severe cystic lung disease are considered to be at risk for cyst rupture during air travel because of the possibility of increase in cyst size and impaired equilibration of pressure between the cysts and other parts of the lung. This may have clinically devastating consequences for the patient but may also result in significant costs for emergency alteration of flight schedule. We report the use of a hypobaric chamber to simulate cabin pressure changes encountered on a commercial flight to assess the safety to fly of a child with severe cystic lung disease secondary to Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751137/impact-of-non-medical-out-of-pocket-expenses-on-families-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-following-orthopaedic-surgery
#8
Judith A Vessey, Rachel L DiFazio, Tania D Strout, Brian D Snyder
PURPOSE: Limited research has been conducted on the non-medical out-of-pocket expenses (NOOPEs) incurred by families of children with chronic health conditions. The study objectives were to: 1) calculate the estimated NOOPEs incurred by families during hospitalization of their child, 2) identify predictors of high NOOPEs, and 3) assess the impact of the child's chronic health condition on the family's finances. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective observational study...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749962/severe-imported-malaria-in-children-in-france-a-national-retrospective-study-from-1996-to-2005
#9
Pierre Mornand, Catherine Verret, Philippe Minodier, Albert Faye, Marc Thellier, Patrick Imbert
BACKGROUNDS: Malaria is a leading cause of imported febrile illnesses in pediatric travelers, but few studies have addressed severe imported pediatric malaria. We aimed to determine the risk factors and the features of imported pediatric severe malaria. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study using the French National Reference Center for Imported Malaria database, in children aged 0-15 years who were hospitalized with a falciparum malaria from January 1st 1996 to December 31th 2005...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734514/malaria-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Lauren M Cohee, Miriam K Laufer
Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, leading to an estimated 438,000 deaths in 2015. Malaria is also an important health threat to travelers to endemic countries and should be considered in evaluation of any traveler returning from a malaria-endemic area who develops fever. Considering the diagnosis of malaria in patients with potential exposure is critical. Prompt provision of effective treatment limits the complications of malaria and can be life-saving. Understanding Plasmodium species variation, epidemiology, and drug-resistance patterns in the geographic area where infection was acquired is important for determining treatment choices...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708951/control-of-a-community-outbreak-of-hepatitis-a-in-an-area-of-low-endemicity-wales-2016
#11
J Vaz, C Floyd, B Mason, A G Shankar, H Lewis
Incidence of hepatitis A in Wales is low (average of 0.48/100,000 inhabitants from 2004-2015). We describe a community outbreak of hepatitis A involving 3 schools (primary and secondary) in South Wales between March and June 2016 and reflect on the adequacy of the control measures used. Anyone in South Wales epidemiologically linked to a serological and/or RNA positive confirmed case of hepatitis A during the 15-50 days before onset of symptoms (diarrhoea, vomiting, fever, nausea, AND jaundice, or jaundice-associated symptom) was defined as a case...
July 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694550/children-s-experiences-of-time-when-a-parent-travels-for-work
#12
Anisa Zvonkovic, Andrea Swenson, Zoë Cornwell
This qualitative study focuses on different ways time is experienced by children in families who face time challenges due to a family member's job that required work travel. Data are from a family-level study that includes interviews of all family members over the age of 7. Using grounded theory methodology, this study illustrates ways in which job demands and family processes interact. Analysis centers on the 75 children's perspectives from 43 families. Holding together assessments of having enough time while wanting more time with their parents, children express emotion, generally unrecognized by parents, around the topic of family time...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682220/paediatric-surgery-outreach-analysis-of-referrals-to-a-tertiary-paediatric-surgery-service-to-plan-an-outreach-programme-kwa-zulu-natal-south-africa
#13
Yashoda Manickchund, G P Hadley
Paediatric surgical disease is a neglected health problem. Patients travel great distances to tertiary level care for management. This study aimed at analysing referral patterns to design an outreach programme for paediatric surgery in KwaZulu Natal. Data forms of patients referred to the service between January and July 2016 were correlated with the clinical record. Delays in management were compared to morbidity and mortality. Out of 781, 158 referrals were accepted as emergencies. The majority (62%) were children aged < 1 year...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662043/treating-village-newcomers-and-travelers-for-trachoma-results-from-asante-cluster-randomized-trial
#14
Sheila K West, Beatriz Munoz, Harran Mkocha, Laura Dize, Charlotte A Gaydos, Bonnie Swenor, Ann-Margret Ervin, Thomas C Quinn
TRIAL DESIGN: Trachoma is targeted for global elimination. Infection rates with Chlamydia trachomatis are higher in new arrivals to a community and in travelers who leave for extended periods, suggesting they are sources of re-infection. This community-randomized, clinical trial was designed to determine if a surveillance program that targeted newcomers and travelers, identified weekly, would result in more communities achieving levels of infection of ≤1%. METHODS: 52 communities were randomly allocated 1:1 to the control (annual MDA alone if warranted) or intervention arm (annual MDA if warranted, plus a surveillance program to identify and treat newcomers and travelers)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654202/socioeconomic-factors-affect-the-selection-of-proton-radiation-therapy-for-children
#15
Colette J Shen, Chen Hu, Matthew M Ladra, Amol K Narang, Craig E Pollack, Stephanie A Terezakis
BACKGROUND: Proton radiotherapy remains a limited resource despite its clear potential for reducing radiation doses to normal tissues and late effects in children in comparison with photon therapy. This study examined the impact of race and socioeconomic factors on the use of proton therapy in children with solid malignancies. METHODS: This study evaluated 12,101 children (age ≤ 21 years) in the National Cancer Data Base who had been diagnosed with a solid malignancy between 2004 and 2013 and had received photon- or proton-based radiotherapy...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653351/cutaneous-leishmania-tropica-in-children-report-of-three-imported-cases-successfully-treated-with-liposomal-amphotericin-b
#16
Nicole Knöpfel, Lucero Noguera-Morel, Daniel Azorin, Francisco Sanz, Antonio Torrelo, Angela Hernández-Martín
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is the most common form of leishmaniasis, being endemic in more than 90 countries around the world. The increasing number of international travelers to endemic areas has favored the expanding number of imported cases, making CL a mayor health issue.(1,2) Herein, we report three immunocompetent children with multifocal CL caused by Leishmania tropica who received systemic therapy with liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583243/significant-factors-related-to-failed-pediatric-dental-general-anesthesia-appointments-at-a-hospital-based-residency-program
#17
John R Emhardt, Juan F Yepes, LaQuia A Vinson, James E Jones, John D Emhardt, Diana C Kozlowski, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) evaluate the relationship between appointment failure and the factors of age, gender, race, insurance type, day of week, scheduled time of surgery, distance traveled, and weather; (2) investigate reasons for failure; and (3) explore the relationships between the factors and reasons for failure. METHODS: Electronic medical records were accessed to obtain data for patients scheduled for dental care under general anesthesia from May 2012 to May 2015...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573921/sex-offender-mobility-an-application-of-crime-pattern-theory-among-child-sex-offenders
#18
Melanie C Mogavero, Ko-Hsin Hsu
Sex offenders are a heterogeneous group and exhibit various offense patterns. Often the location where the offender committed the offense is different from where the offender encountered their victim. Applying crime pattern theory, this study sought to understand if the type of location, victim, and situational characteristics could predict whether an offender would commit the sexual offense in a different and more secluded location than where he first encountered the victim. Among a sample of 114 incarcerated sex offenders, the results showed that offenders who contacted their victims in locations where children are known to congregate were more than 4 times more likely to travel to a more secluded location to complete the sexual offense...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549381/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-mountainous-honduras-knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers
#19
Rachel J Pryor, Nadia Masroor, Michael Stevens, Kakotan Sanogo, Pedro José Hernández O'Hagan, Gonzalo Bearman
INTRODUCTION: Because cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Honduras, this study assessed knowledge, attitudes and barriers to cervical cancer screening services by Papanicolaou smear (pap smear) for women in rural, remote Honduras served by Virginia Commonwealth University's Global Health and Health Disparities Program (GH2DP). METHODS: Two interviewers administered an institutional review board approved, 20 question survey by convenience sample methodology to adult female patients visiting GH2DP clinics in June 2014...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544092/fever-and-multiple-eschars-after-an-african-safari-report-of-three-cases
#20
Fátima Albízuri Prado, Alba Sánchez, Marta Feito, Ander Mayor, Ana Rodriguez, Raúl de Lucas
African tick-bite fever (ATBF), a tickborne disease endemic in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and the West Indies caused by Rickettsia africae, has been recognized as an emerging health problem in recent years. ATBF has been reported as the second most commonly documented etiology of fever, after malaria, in travelers who return ill from sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases reported in the literature occurred in middle-aged adults, so the incidence of ATBF in children is unclear. We report a cluster of three cases of ATBF that occurred in children ages 7 to 16 years after returning from a game-hunting safari in South Africa...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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