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Children who travel

P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Alyson B Goodman, Eric J Dziuban, Krista Powell, Rebecca H Bitsko, Gayle Langley, Nicole Lindsey, Jessica L Franks, Kate Russell, Sharoda Dasgupta, Wanda D Barfield, Erika Odom, Emily Kahn, Stacey Martin, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples
Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that typically causes an asymptomatic infection or mild illness, although infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other serious brain abnormalities. Guillain-Barré syndrome and other neurologic complications can occur in adults after Zika virus infection. However, there are few published reports describing postnatally acquired Zika virus disease among children. During January 2015-July 2016, a total of 158 cases of confirmed or probable postnatally acquired Zika virus disease among children aged <18 years were reported to CDC from U...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
James W Kazura
Onchocerciasis is one of the two filarial helminth "neglected tropical diseases" (the other being lymphatic filariasis) that has been targeted for geographically local elimination followed by global eradication. The last known areas of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in the Americas have recently been reported to be eliminated. In contrast, achieving metrics for interruption of O. volvulus transmission in Africa, thus removing the requirement for continued monitoring and mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin, has been more challenging...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Leigh Daynes
Over the last year, hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing war and persecution have travelled from the Middle East to Europe. Arduous journeys and poor living conditions are causing myriad health problems and access to basic healthcare is extremely limited for those on the move. At every stage of the journey, people are suffering, including after they settle in Europe. The difficulty in managing non-communicable diseases means that some refugees are not getting the treatment they need, which in the long term can have a significant adverse impact on their health...
October 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
P Scully, N Finner, J B Letshwiti, C O'Gorman
The safest way for children to travel within a car is by provision of a weight-appropriate safety-seat. To investigate this, we conducted a cross-sectional study of adult parents who had children under 12 years, and collected information related to: car use, safety-seat legislation, and type of safety-seat employed. Data were reviewed on 120 children from 60 respondents. Ninety-eight (81.7%) children were transported daily by car. Forty-eight (81.4%) respondents were aware that current safety-seat legislation is based on the weight of the child...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Z Marshman, T Broomhead, H D Rodd, K Jones, D Burke, S R Baker
OBJECTIVES: Emergency departments (EDs) have been identified as key providers of dental care although few studies have examined patterns of attendance or clusters of characteristics. The aim was to identify the reasons for visits to an ED, whether these remained stable over time, and characterize clusters of patients by socio-demographic and attendance variables. METHODS: Pseudonymized data were obtained for children who attended the ED in 2003-2004, 2004-2005 and 2012-2013...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Grazia Tosone, Silvia Mascolo, Roberto Bruni, Stefania Taffon, Michele Equestre, Maria Elena Tosti, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Fiorella Martucci, Alfonso Liberti, Maria Donata Iannece, Raffaele Orlando
Hepatitis A virus is a widely occurring disease, with different prevalence rates between countries in the North and West and those in the South and East. In Italy endemicity is low/medium, but not homogeneously distributed: in the northern/central regions a large hepatitis A outbreak due to genotype IA, related to the consumption of contaminated mixed frozen berries, occurred between 2013 and 2014, whereas in southern Italian regions recurrent outbreaks of hepatitis A, due to the IB genotype, still result from consumption of raw seafood...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Matthew R Greives, Casey L Anderson, Riley A Dean, Michelle L Scerbo, Irene L Doringo, Michael W Bebbington, John F Teichgraeber
OBJECTIVE:   The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the parent's choice of cleft team/surgeon. DESIGN:   A 10-question survey was used to elucidate factors that influenced parents in choosing their cleft surgeon. No identifiers of the origin of the study were used to improve parent objectivity. SETTING:   The setting for this study was an online survey. PATIENTS:   Participants in this study were the parents of children who were born with cleft lip and/or palate...
September 15, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Matthew Hansen, William Loker, Craig Warden
INTRODUCTION: The association between geographic factors, including transport distance, and pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) run clustering on out-of-hospital pediatric endotracheal intubation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if endotracheal intubation procedures are more likely to occur at greater distances from the hospital and near clusters of pediatric calls. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study including all EMS runs for patients less than 18 years of age from 2008 to 2014 in a geographically large and diverse Oregon county that includes densely populated urban areas near Portland and remote rural areas...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Solange N Eloundou, Jeanne S Sheffield
The identification of Zika virus as a significant teratogen has raised international concern, causing the World Health Organization to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. This has allowed a global mobilization of experts in tropical infectious diseases, obstetrics, pediatrics, virology, public health policy, reproductive health, bioethics, and germ cell research to name just a few. This worldwide crisis has also raised awareness of health care disparities and concerns regarding the ability of families and societies to shoulder the long-term financial burden that the follow-up of affected children will require...
September 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
Devin S Muntz, David G Bundy, John J Strouse
OBJECTIVES: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) effectively identifies children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) who are at increased risk of stroke. We evaluated a low-cost quality improvement (QI) intervention to increase the proportion of children screened by TCD. METHODS: We measured the proportion of children with SCA receiving appropriate TCD screening for increased cerebral blood velocity, a marker of stroke risk, for time periods before (April 1, 2009-July 1, 2010) and after (October 1, 2010-January 1, 2012) the implementation of a QI program...
September 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Zeynep Taş Cengiz, Hasan Yılmaz, Mutalip Çiçek, Yunus Emre Beyhan, Ahmet Cumhur Dülger
The aim of this study was to present three cystoisosporiasis cases diagnosed in pediatric patients of the Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty. In the study, stool samples of the patients were evaluated by native-Lugol and modified acid-fast staining methods in the Parasitology Laboratory. The first case was a 4-year-old male child diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It was reported that the patient had abdominal pain, and permanent bloody and mucous diarrhea (8-10 times a day) was present for almost 1 week after the beginning of ALL treatment...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Motherhood has been identified as a barrier to the head athletic trainer (AT) position. Role models have been cited as a possible facilitator for increasing the number of women who pursue and maintain this role in the collegiate setting. OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of female ATs balancing motherhood and head AT positions in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and III and National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics settings...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Xiaoyan Guo, Kimberley A Simmonds, Jill Svenson, Shannon E MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Children under the age of 12 months may receive an early dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to provide short-term protection in the case of a disease outbreak. Following a measles outbreak in Alberta, Canada, there was concern that children who received an early dose may not be returning for their routinely scheduled dose at 12 months, leaving them vulnerable to disease in the long term. METHODS: This population-based study of children born between 2006 and 2014 used administrative health data to assess coverage and timeliness of the first routine dose of MMR vaccine administered at age 12-24 months for children who received an early dose of the vaccine due to a disease outbreak...
2016: BMJ Open
A E Heywood, N Zwar, B L Forssman, H Seale, N Stephens, J Musto, C Lane, B Polkinghorne, M Sheikh, M Smith, H Worth, C R Macintyre
Immigrants and their children who return to their country of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFR) are at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases compared to other travellers. VFR travel is an important disease control issue, as one quarter of Australia's population are foreign-born and one quarter of departing Australian international travellers are visiting friends and relatives. We conducted a 1-year prospective enhanced surveillance study in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia to determine the contribution of VFR travel to notifiable diseases associated with travel, including typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Melody Oliver, Julia McPhee, Penelope Carroll, Erika Ikeda, Suzanne Mavoa, Lisa Mackay, Robin A Kearns, Marketta Kyttä, Lanuola Asiasiga, Nicholas Garrett, Judy Lin, Roger Mackett, Caryn Zinn, Helen Moewaka Barnes, Victoria Egli, Kate Prendergast, Karen Witten
INTRODUCTION: New Zealand children's physical activity, including independent mobility and active travel, has declined markedly over recent decades. The Neighbourhoods for Active Kids (NfAK) study examines how neighbourhood built environments are associated with the independent mobility, active travel, physical activity and neighbourhood experiences of children aged 9-12 years in primary and intermediate schools across Auckland, New Zealand's largest city. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Child-specific indices of walkability, destination accessibility and traffic exposure will be constructed to measure the built environment in 8 neighbourhoods in Auckland...
2016: BMJ Open
C R MacIntyre, S Karki, M Sheikh, N Zwar, A E Heywood
Many developed countries, like Australia, maintain a high population level immunity against measles, however, there remains a risk of acquisition of measles in non-immune travellers and subsequent importation into Australia leading to localised outbreaks. In this study, we estimate the incidence of measles and describe characteristics including immunisation and pre-travel health seeking behaviour of notified cases of measles in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia between February 2013 and January 2014. Cases were followed up by telephone interview using a questionnaire to collect information of demographic and travel characteristics...
August 17, 2016: Vaccine
N Jaén-Sánchez, L Suárez-Hormiga, C Carranza-Rodríguez, M Hernández-Cabrera, E Pisos-Álamo, L García-Reina, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to determine the demographic characteristics and the evolution of international travelers treated at the Unit of Infectious and Tropical Medicine in order to improve precautions prior to travel and, thus reduce the occurrence of these diseases. METHODS: A retrospective study of all international travelers served in UEIMT (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria) during the period 1998-2013 was performed. The following variables were collected using a standardized protocol were analyzed: age, gender, date of consultation, type of traveler, countries of destination and preventive measures undertaken (malaria chemoprophylaxis and vaccines)...
October 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Chileshe Mboni, Parikshit M Gogate, Ariel Phiri, Asiwome Seneadza, Prasidh Ramson, Halli Manolakos-Tsehisi, Lillian Musonda, Larry Benjamin, Lene Øverland
PURPOSE: To study the outcomes of pediatric cataract surgeries in children operated on in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia and the barriers to accessing surgery. METHODS: All children who had congenital, developmental, and traumatic cataracts operated on by lens aspiration, primary posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation from 2012 to 2013 and followed up beyond 6 months were studied. Each child underwent a comprehensive preoperative evaluation...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Hayley A Hamilton, Richard Larouche
Previous research has found a link between active school transportation and bullying victimization among school-aged children. However, the link with other school travel modes (such as car, school bus, and public transportation) and bullying victimization is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between school travel mode and report of bullying victimization among Canadian middle and high school students. The sample consisted of 5065 students aged 11-20 years (mean age: 15...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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