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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583243/significant-factors-related-to-failed-pediatric-dental-general-anesthesia-appointments-at-a-hospital-based-residency-program
#1
John R Emhardt, Juan F Yepes, LaQuia A Vinson, James E Jones, John D Emhardt, Diana C Kozlowski, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) evaluate the relationship between appointment failure and the factors of age, gender, race, insurance type, day of week, scheduled time of surgery, distance traveled, and weather; (2) investigate reasons for failure; and (3) explore the relationships between the factors and reasons for failure. METHODS: Electronic medical records were accessed to obtain data for patients scheduled for dental care under general anesthesia from May 2012 to May 2015...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573921/sex-offender-mobility-an-application-of-crime-pattern-theory-among-child-sex-offenders
#2
Melanie C Mogavero, Ko-Hsin Hsu
Sex offenders are a heterogeneous group and exhibit various offense patterns. Often the location where the offender committed the offense is different from where the offender encountered their victim. Applying crime pattern theory, this study sought to understand if the type of location, victim, and situational characteristics could predict whether an offender would commit the sexual offense in a different and more secluded location than where he first encountered the victim. Among a sample of 114 incarcerated sex offenders, the results showed that offenders who contacted their victims in locations where children are known to congregate were more than 4 times more likely to travel to a more secluded location to complete the sexual offense...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549381/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-mountainous-honduras-knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers
#3
Rachel J Pryor, Nadia Masroor, Michael Stevens, Kakotan Sanogo, Pedro José Hernández O'Hagan, Gonzalo Bearman
INTRODUCTION: Because cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Honduras, this study assessed knowledge, attitudes and barriers to cervical cancer screening services by Papanicolaou smear (pap smear) for women in rural, remote Honduras served by Virginia Commonwealth University's Global Health and Health Disparities Program (GH2DP). METHODS: Two interviewers administered an institutional review board approved, 20 question survey by convenience sample methodology to adult female patients visiting GH2DP clinics in June 2014...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544092/fever-and-multiple-eschars-after-an-african-safari-report-of-three-cases
#4
Fátima Albízuri Prado, Alba Sánchez, Marta Feito, Ander Mayor, Ana Rodriguez, Raúl de Lucas
African tick-bite fever (ATBF), a tickborne disease endemic in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and the West Indies caused by Rickettsia africae, has been recognized as an emerging health problem in recent years. ATBF has been reported as the second most commonly documented etiology of fever, after malaria, in travelers who return ill from sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases reported in the literature occurred in middle-aged adults, so the incidence of ATBF in children is unclear. We report a cluster of three cases of ATBF that occurred in children ages 7 to 16 years after returning from a game-hunting safari in South Africa...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527882/new-epidemiological-pattern-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-two-pre-saharan-arid-provinces-southern-morocco
#5
Mouad Ait Kbaich, Idriss Mhaidi, Abdelkacem Ezzahidi, Nouredine Dersi, Adil El Hamouchi, Myriam Riyad, Khadija Akarid, Meryem Lemrani
Three Leishmania species are responsible of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Morocco. Zoonotic CL due to Leishmania major and Leishmania infantum, the first is known as established in the eastern arid regions, whereas the latter evolves sporadically, especially in the North. While Leishmania tropica, classically considered anthroponotic, is endemic in the semi-arid regions and is largely distributed throughout the country. The aim of this study was to identify the Leishmania species causing CL in two Provinces in arid pre-Saharan region known as zoonotic CL foci, and to contribute an update to the national data concerning the distribution of Leishmania species in both regions...
May 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515625/overview-of-the-impact-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever-utility-of-ty21a-vaccine-vivotif%C3%A2
#6
REVIEW
D Amicizia, L Arata, F Zangrillo, D Panatto, R Gasparini
Cases of diarrhoeal disease number from 1.7 to 5 billion per year worldwide. One of the main causes of diarrhoeal disease is typhoid fever, which is a potentially life-threatening multi-systemic illness. According to the most recent estimates, a total of 26.9 million typhoid fever episodes occurred in 2010. The geographical distribution of the disease differs widely; in developed countries, the incidence rate per 100,000 per year varies from < 0.1 to 0.3, and the disease mainly affects people who travel to endemic areas located in low- and middle-income countries...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513321/active-travel-to-and-from-school-among-school-age-children-during-1997-2011-and-associated-factors-in-china
#7
Yong Yang, Xue Hong, James G Gurney, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: Active travel to school (ATS) is positively associated with various health indicators. The rapid social, economic and environmental changes in China provide a unique setting to study changes and predictors of ATS over time. METHODS: Using logistic regression modeling, we analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey during 1997-2011 (N=9487, ages 6-17 years) to estimate the change over time in ATS and to identify associated factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported ATS among children dropped from 95...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472027/surveillance-of-vaccination-coverage-among-adult-populations-united-states-2015
#8
Walter W Williams, Peng-Jun Lu, Alissa O'Halloran, David K Kim, Lisa A Grohskopf, Tamara Pilishvili, Tami H Skoff, Noele P Nelson, Rafael Harpaz, Lauri E Markowitz, Alfonso Rodriguez-Lainz, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Overall, the prevalence of illness attributable to vaccine-preventable diseases is greater among adults than among children. Adults are recommended to receive vaccinations based on their age, underlying medical conditions, lifestyle, prior vaccinations, and other considerations. Updated vaccination recommendations from CDC are published annually in the U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule. Despite longstanding recommendations for use of many vaccines, vaccination coverage among U...
May 5, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430748/immunogenicity-of-the-inactivated-japanese-encephalitis-virus-vaccine-ixiaro%C3%A2-n-children-from-a-japanese-encephalitis-virus-endemic-region
#9
Katrin L Dubischar, Vera Kadlecek, Benjamin Sablan, Charissa Fay Borja-Tabora, Salvacion Gatchalian, Susanne Eder-Lingelbach, Sigrid Kiermayr, Martin Spruth, Kerstin Westritschnig
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a major public health concern in Asia and poses a small, but potentially fatal threat to travelers from non-endemic countries, including children. No JE vaccine for pediatric use has been available in Europe and the USA. METHODS: Age-stratified cohorts of children between 2 months and 17 years received 2 doses of Vero cell-derived inactivated JE virus vaccine (IXIARO) administered 28 days apart (<3 years 0.25 mL [half adult dose], ≥3 years 0...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430027/a-comparison-of-the-performance-of-2-5-to-3-5-year-old-children-without-disabilities-using-animated-and-cursor-based-scanning-in-a-contextual-scene
#10
John W McCarthy, Jamie B Boster
Although recent evidence suggests learning demands for children can be reduced by organizing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) displays in contextual scenes, there is little evidence on how such scenes could be made accessible for children who cannot use direct selection. Using a line drawn scene of a living room, a traditional traveling cursor (a green outline of objects within the scene) was compared with sequential animation-logically matching the function of items in the scene (e.g., hands of a clock moving, a lamp turning on and off, etc...
April 21, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416965/a-crisis-of-protection-and-safe-passage-violence-experienced-by-migrants-refugees-travelling-along-the-western-balkan-corridor-to-northern-europe
#11
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395097/artesunate-to-treat-severe-malaria-in-travellers-review-of-efficacy-and-safety-and-practical-implications
#12
Camille Roussel, Eric Caumes, Marc Thellier, Papa Alioune Ndour, Pierre A Buffet, Stéphane Jauréguiberry
Background: Artesunate (AS) is the WHO first-line treatment of severe malaria in endemic countries, in adults and children. However, despite solid evidence that AS is safe and more effective than quinine in endemic areas, its deployment in non-endemic areas has been slow, due in part to the absence of a full good manufacturing practice (GMP) qualification (although prequalification has been granted in 2010). Prospective comparative trials were not conducted in travellers, but several retrospective studies and case reports are providing insights into the efficacy and safety of AS in imported severe malaria...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385137/evaluation-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-immunisation-programs-in-australia
#13
Gulam Khandaker, Frank H Beard, Aditi Dey, Chris Coulter, Alexandra J Hendry, Kristine K Macartney
bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunisation programs in Australia are funded and operated by the individual states and territories. In recent years BCG vaccine shortages have required use of unregistered products. We aimed to evaluate BCG immunisation programs in Australia, with particular reference to program implementation and national consistency.
 Methods: Between September and November 2015, 12 key stakeholders, representing Australian states and territories, completed surveys. We analysed BCG vaccination coverage data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR), and data on adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with BCG vaccine from the Therapeutic Goods Administration's Adverse Drug Reactions System, for 2001 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359713/child-passenger-safety-an-assessment-of-emergency-nurses-knowledge-and-provision-of-information-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Thelma C Kuska, Mark R Zonfrillo
Each year, more than 130,000 children younger than 13 years are treated in the emergency department after evaluation of injuries sustained from motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). Many of these injuries can be prevented with use of child restraints. In this study we sought to assess emergency nurses' knowledge of child passenger safety (CPS) and its use to keep children safe while traveling in motor vehicles. METHODS: A cross-sectional anonymous study was distributed electronically to 530 emergency nurses who were asked to forward the survey link to other emergency nurses through snowball sampling...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#15
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330885/dientamoeba-fragilis-a-commensal-in-children-in-danish-day-care-centers
#16
Pikka Jokelainen, Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Bente Utoft Andreassen, Andreas Munk Petersen, Dennis Röser, Karen A Krogfelt, Henrik V Nielsen, Christen R Stensvold
Dientamoeba fragilis is an intestinal protozoan of debated clinical significance. Here, we present cross-sectional and longitudinal observations on D. fragilis in children aged 0 to 6 years from a 1-year multi-day-care-center cohort study set in Copenhagen, Denmark. The inclusion period for the cohort was 2009 through 2012. Stool samples collected from the children were accompanied by questionnaires completed by the parents or guardians of the children. Using real-time PCR, D. fragilis was detected in the first stool sample from 97 of 142 (68...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298971/oral-health-and-medical-conditions-among-amish-children
#17
Masahiro Heima, Marc-Allen Harrison, Peter Milgrom
BACKGROUND: The Amish are a growing population who live a traditional, rural way of life, which makes them less accepting of modernism. Most Amish live in poverty and are detached from modern health care. In addition, the recent change of their lifestyle has been reported, such as consuming a nontraditional diet and the usage of electronic devices. As a result, their lifestyle change may have impacted their oral health. However, since only a single report about oral health among Amish children has been published approximately three decades ago it has not yet been updated...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271798/is-a-change-to-active-travel-to-school-an-important-source-of-physical-activity-for-chinese-children
#18
Wendy Y Huang, Stephen H Wong, Gang He
This study investigated the association between a change in travel mode to school and one-year changes in physical activity (PA) among children in Hong Kong. Data from 677 children aged 7-10 years (56% boys) who participated in the Understanding Children's Activity and Nutrition (UCAN) study were analyzed. During the 2010/11 and 2011/12 school years, the children wore an accelerometer for a week and their parents completed a questionnaire about the children's modes of travel to school and nonschool destinations...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245152/real-world-use-and-self-reported-health-outcomes-of-a-patient-designed-do-it-yourself-mobile-technology-system-for-diabetes-lessons-for-mobile-health
#19
Joyce M Lee, Mark W Newman, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Preciosa Choi, Dana Lewis, Weston Nordgren, John Costik, James Wedding, Benjamin West, Nancy Benovich Gilby, Christopher Hannemann, Josh Pasek, Ashley Garrity, Emily Hirschfeld
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare demographic/disease characteristics of users versus nonusers of a do-it-yourself (DIY) mobile technology system for diabetes (Nightscout), to describe its uses and personalization, and to evaluate associated changes in health behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional, household-level online survey was used. Of 1268 household respondents who were members of the CGM in the Cloud Facebook group, there were 1157 individuals with diabetes who provided information about Nightscout use...
April 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216861/poverty-reduction-in-india-through-palliative-care-a-pilot-project
#20
Cathy Ratcliff, Ann Thyle, Savita Duomai, Manju Manak
INTRODUCTION: EMMS International and Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA) implemented a pilot project, poverty reduction in India through palliative care (PRIPCare). A total of 129 interviews with patients and family enrolled in palliative care at three EHA hospitals (in Fatehpur, Lalitpur and Utraula) and staff discussions established that 66% of palliative care patients had lost livelihoods due to illness, 26% of patients' families had members who had lost livelihoods due to the illness, 98% of enrolled households had debts, 59% had loans for which they had sold assets, 69% of households took out debt after their family member fell ill, many patients do not know about government benefits and lack necessary documents, many village headmen require bribes to give people access to benefits, and many bereaved women and children lose everything...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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