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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086810/genotypic-characterization-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-from-patients-in-two-geographical-locations-in-sri-lanka
#1
Ranjan Premaratna, Lucas S Blanton, Dilhar N Samaraweera, G Nalika N de Silva, Nilmini T G A Chandrasena, David H Walker, H J de Silva
BACKGROUND: To date more than 20 antigenically distinct strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi (OT) reported within the tsutsugamushi triangle that cause an undifferentiated acute febrile illness in humans. Genotypic characterization of OT in different geographic regions or within the same country, is important in order to establish effective diagnostics, clinical management and to develop effective vaccines. Genetic and antigenic characterization of OT causing human disease in OT-endemic regions is not known for Sri Lanka...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051877/improving-children-s-mental-health-with-a-digital-social-skills-development-game-a-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-of-adventures-aboard-the-s-s-grin
#2
Rebecca Sanchez, Emily Brown, Kelly Kocher, Melissa DeRosier
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a computer-based game to improve social skills and mental health in children with social skills deficits would be efficacious. The program, Adventures aboard the S.S. GRIN, translates a proven in-person intervention into a nine-episode interactive online adventure game that provides opportunity for knowledge acquisition and skill practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (children aged 7-11 years with social skills challenges) were randomly assigned to immediate treatment group (n = 33) or waitlist control group (n = 36)...
January 4, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960100/child-pedestrian-safety-knowledge-behaviour-and-road-injury-in-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Karin Koekemoer, Megan Van Gesselleen, Ashley Van Niekerk, Rajen Govender, Arjan Bastiaan Van As
Pedestrian injuries are a leading cause of death among South African children, and young children residing in low-income communities are more at risk, due to various factors such as inadequate road infrastructure, exposure to traffic due to reliance on walking as a means of transport, and lack of supervision. This study used a cross-sectional, non-randomized self-report survey to assess pedestrian safety knowledge, road-crossing behaviour and pedestrian injuries of primary school children in selected low-income settings in Cape Town...
December 10, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942036/determinants-of-three-year-change-in-children-s-objectively-measured-sedentary-time
#4
Andrew J Atkin, Louise Foley, Kirsten Corder, Ulf Ekelund, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviours (SB) are highly prevalent in young people and may be adversely associated with physical and mental health. Understanding of the modifiable determinants of SB is necessary to inform the design of behaviour change interventions but much of the existing research is cross-sectional and focussed upon screen-based behaviours. PURPOSE: To examine the social, psychological and environmental determinants of change in children's objectively measured sedentary time from age 11 to 14 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#5
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931234/patterns-and-determinants-of-malaria-risk-in-urban-and-peri-urban-areas-of-blantyre-malawi
#6
Don P Mathanga, Atupele Kapito Tembo, Themba Mzilahowa, Andy Bauleni, Kondwani Mtimaukenena, Terrie E Taylor, Clarissa Valim, Edward D Walker, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although malaria disease in urban and peri-urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa is a growing concern, the epidemiologic patterns and drivers of transmission in these settings remain poorly understood. Factors associated with variation in malaria risk in urban and peri-urban areas were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A health facility-based, age and location-matched, case-control study of children 6-59 months of age was conducted in four urban and two peri-urban health facilities (HF) of Blantyre city, Malawi...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#7
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884848/are-differences-in-travel-time-or-distance-to-healthcare-for-adults-in-global-north-countries-associated-with-an-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
Charlotte Kelly, Claire Hulme, Tracey Farragher, Graham Clarke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is an association between differences in travel time/travel distance to healthcare services and patients' health outcomes and assimilate the methodologies used to measure this. DESIGN: Systematic Review. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Transport database, HMIC and EBM Reviews for studies up to 7 September 2016. Studies were excluded that included children (including maternity), emergency medical travel or countries classed as being in the global south...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#9
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, were associated with academic achievements in students aged 7-18 years. METHODS: A total of 2,138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865425/zika-virus-infection-during-the-olympic-games-in-rio-a-fear-or-an-actual-risk
#10
M Díaz-Menéndez, E Trigo, F de la Calle-Prieto, M Arsuaga
The recent outbreak of Zika virus infection in Brazil has aroused considerable media interest due to its association with neurological malformations in children born from mothers infected by the virus and to its association with Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults. This relationship has led to the World Health Organisation declaring the current epidemic as a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern". Controversy also emerged on the advisability of delaying or changing the location of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, which were held in August at various locations in Brazil...
November 16, 2016: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820670/surveillance-and-azithromycin-treatment-for-newcomers-and-travelers-evaluation-asante-trial-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#11
Ann-Margret Ervin, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Kurt Dreger, Laura Dize, Charlotte Gaydos, Thomas C Quinn, Sheila K West
PURPOSE: Immigrants and travelers may be sources of re-emergent infection in trachoma-endemic communities close to trachoma elimination. The primary objective of the A Surveillance and Azithromycin Treatment for Newcomers and Travelers Evaluation (ASANTE) trial was to determine whether a newcomer and traveler surveillance and treatment program in addition to annual mass drug administration (MDA) would reduce Chlamydia trachomatis infection when compared to MDA alone. METHODS: ASANTE was a randomized controlled trial in 52 communities in Kongwa, Tanzania...
December 2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737481/ultrasound-collaboration-across-europe-an-efsumb-success-story-in-politically-troubled-times
#12
P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711041/characteristics-of-children-aged-18-years-with-zika-virus-disease-acquired-postnatally-u-s-states-january-2015-july-2016
#13
Alyson B Goodman, Eric J Dziuban, Krista Powell, Rebecca H Bitsko, Gayle Langley, Nicole Lindsey, Jessica L Franks, Kate Russell, Sharoda Dasgupta, Wanda D Barfield, Erika Odom, Emily Kahn, Stacey Martin, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples
Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that typically causes an asymptomatic infection or mild illness, although infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other serious brain abnormalities. Guillain-Barré syndrome and other neurologic complications can occur in adults after Zika virus infection. However, there are few published reports describing postnatally acquired Zika virus disease among children. During January 2015-July 2016, a total of 158 cases of confirmed or probable postnatally acquired Zika virus disease among children aged <18 years were reported to CDC from U...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698270/onchocerciasis-elimination-from-africa-one-step-in-northern-sudan
#14
James W Kazura
Onchocerciasis is one of the two filarial helminth "neglected tropical diseases" (the other being lymphatic filariasis) that has been targeted for geographically local elimination followed by global eradication. The last known areas of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in the Americas have recently been reported to be eliminated. In contrast, achieving metrics for interruption of O. volvulus transmission in Africa, thus removing the requirement for continued monitoring and mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin, has been more challenging...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697805/the-health-impacts-of-the-refugee-crisis-a-medical-charity-perspective
#15
Leigh Daynes
Over the last year, hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing war and persecution have travelled from the Middle East to Europe. Arduous journeys and poor living conditions are causing myriad health problems and access to basic healthcare is extremely limited for those on the move. At every stage of the journey, people are suffering, including after they settle in Europe. The difficulty in managing non-communicable diseases means that some refugees are not getting the treatment they need, which in the long term can have a significant adverse impact on their health...
October 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685875/car-safety-seat-usage-and-selection-among-families-attending-university-hospital-limerick
#16
P Scully, N Finner, J B Letshwiti, C O'Gorman
The safest way for children to travel within a car is by provision of a weight-appropriate safety-seat. To investigate this, we conducted a cross-sectional study of adult parents who had children under 12 years, and collected information related to: car use, safety-seat legislation, and type of safety-seat employed. Data were reviewed on 120 children from 60 respondents. Ninety-eight (81.7%) children were transported daily by car. Forty-eight (81.4%) respondents were aware that current safety-seat legislation is based on the weight of the child...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681206/who-attends-a-children-s-hospital-emergency-department-for-dental-reasons-a-two-step-cluster-analysis-approach
#17
Z Marshman, T Broomhead, H D Rodd, K Jones, D Burke, S R Baker
OBJECTIVES: Emergency departments (EDs) have been identified as key providers of dental care although few studies have examined patterns of attendance or clusters of characteristics. The aim was to identify the reasons for visits to an ED, whether these remained stable over time, and characterize clusters of patients by socio-demographic and attendance variables. METHODS: Pseudonymized data were obtained for children who attended the ED in 2003-2004, 2004-2005 and 2012-2013...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668904/a-family-cluster-of-hepatitis-a-virus-due-to-an-uncommon-ia-strain-circulating-in-campania-southern-italy-not-associated-with-raw-shellfish-or-berries-a-wake-up-call-to-implement-vaccination-against-hepatitis-a
#18
Grazia Tosone, Silvia Mascolo, Roberto Bruni, Stefania Taffon, Michele Equestre, Maria Elena Tosti, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Fiorella Martucci, Alfonso Liberti, Maria Donata Iannece, Raffaele Orlando
Hepatitis A virus is a widely occurring disease, with different prevalence rates between countries in the North and West and those in the South and East. In Italy endemicity is low/medium, but not homogeneously distributed: in the northern/central regions a large hepatitis A outbreak due to genotype IA, related to the consumption of contaminated mixed frozen berries, occurred between 2013 and 2014, whereas in southern Italian regions recurrent outbreaks of hepatitis A, due to the IB genotype, still result from consumption of raw seafood...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632760/survey-of-parent-experiences-in-prenatal-visits-for-infants-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Matthew R Greives, Casey L Anderson, Riley A Dean, Michelle L Scerbo, Irene L Doringo, Michael W Bebbington, John F Teichgraeber
OBJECTIVE:   The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the parent's choice of cleft team/surgeon. DESIGN:   A 10-question survey was used to elucidate factors that influenced parents in choosing their cleft surgeon. No identifiers of the origin of the study were used to improve parent objectivity. SETTING:   The setting for this study was an online survey. PATIENTS:   Participants in this study were the parents of children who were born with cleft lip and/or palate...
September 15, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625736/geospatial-analysis-of-pediatric-ems-run-density-and-endotracheal-intubation
#20
Matthew Hansen, William Loker, Craig Warden
INTRODUCTION: The association between geographic factors, including transport distance, and pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) run clustering on out-of-hospital pediatric endotracheal intubation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if endotracheal intubation procedures are more likely to occur at greater distances from the hospital and near clusters of pediatric calls. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study including all EMS runs for patients less than 18 years of age from 2008 to 2014 in a geographically large and diverse Oregon county that includes densely populated urban areas near Portland and remote rural areas...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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