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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774385/effects-of-dietary-intake-patterns-from-1-to-4-years-on-bmi-z-score-and-body-shape-at-age-of-6-years-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study-from-brazil
#1
Leonardo Pozza Santos, Ken K Ong, Ina S Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros
PURPOSE: To assess the association between dietary intake patterns from 1 to 4 years and BMI and body shape at age of 6 years. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on 3374 Brazilian children from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. We used previously described dietary patterns from 1 to 4 years as the main exposure. We defined body shape using scores for corpulence (a recently described body shape component measured by Photonic Scanner), and trunk and gynoid fat mass percentage from DXA...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772472/postintroduction-study-of-cost-effectiveness-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-pcv10-from-public-sector-payer-s-perspective-in-the-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#2
Emil Kupek, Ilse Viertel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cost effectiveness of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the routine immunization program for children younger than 5 years in Brazil by a postintroduction study. METHODS: Ecological study of prevaccine (2006-2009) versus postvaccine (2011-2014) period related the changes in mortality rate and hospitalization rate to direct cost of pneumonia treatment from the payer's perspective to estimate the cost effectiveness regarding lives saved, life-years gained, and disability-adjusted life-year for children younger than 5 years in the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768619/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-enamel-defects-among-preschool-children-from-a-southeastern-city-in-brazil
#3
Luciana Fonseca Pádua Tourino, Patrícia Maria Zarzar, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Saul Martins Paiva, Miriam Pimenta Parreira do Vale
This study sought to determine the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) among preschool children and investigate associations with sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors and weight status. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 118 children aged 3 to 5 years. Data were collected via clinical examinations and a self-administered questionnaire completed by the parents. The diagnosis of DDE was performed using the modified DDE Index. Information on socioeconomic indicators (mother's schooling, monthly income per capita), child's sex and age, and age of mother at the birth of the child were obtained by questionnaire...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768615/mortality-due-to-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-brazil-and-its-geographical-regions-analyzing-the-effect-of-age-period-cohort
#4
Juliano Dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira, Amanda Rodrigues Camacho, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Ângela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Taynãna Cesar Simões, Flávio Henrique Miranda de Araújo Freire
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of age-period and cohort (APC) of birth on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in Brazil and its geographic regions, according to sex in the period from 1980 to 2009. The data was extracted from the Mortality Information System and was corrected and adjusted by means of proportional redistribution of records with sex and age ignored, ill-defined causes, and corrections were made based on the death sub-register. The APC was calculated using the Poisson regression model with estimable functions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768611/deaths-of-women-hospitalized-for-childbirth-and-abortion-and-of-their-concept-in-maternity-wards-of-brazilian-public-hospitals
#5
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Angela Maria Cascão, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Ana Cristina Reis, Mauro Tomoyuki Taniguchi
The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi (RJ), Brazil, in 2011. Outcomes of the pregnancies were: one maternal death, 498 abortions, 65 fetal deaths, 44 neonatal deaths and 7,291 infant survivors. Data were collected through interviews, medical records and the women's pregnancy records, and from the Mortality Information System (SIM)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768582/childbirth-and-birth-in-brazil-an-evolving-scenario
#6
EDITORIAL
Maria do Carmo Leal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766835/are-consumption-of-dairy-products-and-physical-activity-independently-related-to-bone-mineral-density-of-6-year-old-children-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-analyses-in-a-birth-cohort-from-brazil
#7
Renata M Bielemann, Juliana Dos S Vaz, Marlos R Domingues, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Ulf Ekelund, Bernardo L Horta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of consumption of dairy products and physical activity (PA) with bone mineral density (BMD). DESIGN: Cohort study with children from the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort. SETTING: Pelotas, a medium-sized Brazilian city. SUBJECTS: The study started in 2004 and mothers/children were interviewed/measured periodically from birth to age 6 years. PA was measured by maternal proxy at 4 and 6 years and by accelerometry at 6 years...
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763965/proximal-restoration-increases-the-risk-of-clinical-attachment-loss
#8
Kauê Collares, Flávio F Demarco, Bernardo L Horta, Marcos B Correa
AIM: To estimate the effect of proximal direct restorations in the adjacent periodontal tissues in adults from a birth cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample (n = 539) of all 5,914 births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil in 1982 was prospectively investigated, being clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) assessed at 31 yrs-old. For each site, tooth surface was evaluated as sound or restored, being the restoration extension (subgingival or supragingival) and restoration material (composite and amalgam) considered...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758496/cord-blood-concentrations-of-leptin-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-and-adiponectin-and-adiposity-gain-during-the-first-3-mo-of-life
#9
Verônica L V Euclydes, Natalia P Castro, Lourdes R Lima, Cyro Brito, Laisa Ribeiro, Fernanda Agapito Simões, Guaraci Requena, Liania Alves Luzia, Patricia Helen Rondó
OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue development starts in intrauterine life and cytokines are involved in this process. Therefore, understanding the role of cytokines in the fat mass gain of infants is crucial to prevent obesity later in life. Furthermore, recent evidence indicates a sex-specific link between cytokines and adipose tissue development. The objective of this study was to assess sex-specific relationships of cord blood concentrations of the cytokines leptin, zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG), and adiponectin with infant adiposity during the first 3 mo of life...
March 22, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752892/high-vertical-hiv-transmission-rate-in-the-midwest-region-of-brazil
#10
Vanessa Terezinha Gubert de Matos, Fabiani de Morais Batista, Naiara Valera Versage, Clarice Souza Pinto, Vanessa Marcon de Oliveira, Érica Freire de Vasconcelos Pereira, Roberta Barbeta Dos Rios de Matos, Márcia Maria Ferrairo Janini Dal Fabbro, Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: To estimate vertical HIV transmission rate in a capital city of the Midwest region of Brazil and describe the factors related to transmission. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study based on the analysis of secondary data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). The analysis considered all HIV-infected pregnant women with delivery in Campo Grande-MS in the years 2007-2013 and their HIV-exposed infants. RESULTS: A total of 218 births of 176 HIV-infected pregnant women were identified during the study period, of which 187 infants were exposed and uninfected, 19 seroconverted, and 12 were still inconclusive in July 2015...
May 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750766/infectious-morbidity-mortality-and-nutrition-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-formula-fed-infants-results-from-the-hptn-040-pactg-1043-trial
#11
Nava Yeganeh, D Heather Watts, Jiahong Xu, Tara Kerin, Esau C Joao, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Gerhard Theron, Glenda Gray, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Valdilea Veloso, Margaret Camarca, Lynne Mofenson, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) infants are a growing population with potentially poor health outcomes. We evaluated morbidity and mortality in HEU formula-fed infants enrolled in the NICHD HPTN 040/PACTG 1043 trial. METHODS: Infectious morbidity, mortality, and undernutrition were evaluated within a cohort of 1,000 HEU infants enrolled between 4/2004 and 4/2010 in Brazil (N=766) and South Africa (N=234) as part of the NICHD/HPTN 040 trial of three different antiretroviral regimens to decrease intrapartum HIV vertical transmission...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747664/adverse-effects-in-children-exposed-to-maternal-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy-in-brazil-a-cohort-study
#12
Adriane M Delicio, Giuliane J Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Marina Polydoro, Helaine Milanez
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy was associated with a drastic reduction in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), although it was associated with neonatal adverse effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neonatal effects to maternal ART. METHODS: This study was a cohort of newborns from HIV pregnant women followed at the CAISM/UNICAMP Obstetric Clinic from 2000 to 2015. The following adverse effects were evaluated: anemia, thrombocytopenia, liver function tests abnormalities, preterm birth, low birth weight and congenital malformation...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747211/tocolysis-among-women-with-preterm-birth-associated-factors-and-outcomes-from-a-multicenter-study-in-brazil
#13
Tabata Zumpano Dias, Mariana Lacerda Fava, Renato Passini Júnior, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, Ricardo Porto Tedesco, Giuliane Jesus Lajos, Patricia Moretti Rehder, Marcelo Luis Nomura, Paulo Fanti Oliveira, Maria Laura Costa
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the use of tocolysis in cases of preterm birth due to spontaneous preterm labor in a Brazilian sample. METHODS:  A sample of 1,491 women with preterm birth due to spontaneous preterm labor were assessed, considering treatment with tocolysis or expectant management, according to gestational age at birth (< 34 weeks and 34 to 36 + 6 weeks) and drugs prescribed. The study took place in 20 Brazilian hospitals from April 2011 to July 2012...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742233/income-trajectories-affect-treatment-of-dental-caries-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#14
Marco Aurelio Peres, Pingzhou Liu, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva, Fernando Cesar Wehrmeister, Ana Maria Menezes, Karen Glazer Peres
We aimed to analyze the effects of family income trajectories on the increase in dental caries from childhood to young adulthood. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study, in which dental caries was measured at ages 6, 12, and 18 years, were analyzed. Family income of 302 participants was assessed at birth, and at 4, 11, 15, and 18 years of age. Mother's education, toothbrushing frequency, dental visiting, dental caries in primary dentition, and birth weight were covariates. A latent class growth analysis was conducted to characterize trajectories of time-varying variables...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741708/direct-and-maternal-breed-additive-and-heterosis-effects-on-growth-traits-of-beef-cattle-raised-in-southern-brazil
#15
W S Leal, M D MacNeil, H G Carvalho, R Z Vaz, F F Cardoso
The objective of this study was to compare growth from birth to slaughter of different breed groups that were raised in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and estimate the consequent breed additive and heterosis effects. Caracu (C), Hereford (H), and Nelore (N) sires were mated with Angus (A) dams, and A sires were mated with H and N dams to produce a first generation of crossbred progeny that were contemporary with purebred A, H, and N calves. Heifers from this first generation (G1) were mated with Brangus (BN) and Braford (BO) sires to produce a second generation (G2) of progeny...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741155/the-hidden-burden-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-the-amazon-an-observational-study-in-northwestern-brazil
#16
Anaclara Pincelli, Paulo A R Neves, Barbara H Lourenço, Rodrigo M Corder, Maíra B Malta, Juliana Sampaio-Silva, Rodrigo M de Souza, Marly A Cardoso, Marcia C Castro, Marcelo U Ferreira, For The Mina Brazil Working Group
We measured the prevalence of malaria in pregnancy and estimated its impact on birth weight and length and maternal hemoglobin in 1,180 women from Juruá Valley, the main malaria hotspot in Brazil. Antenatal malaria episodes, 74.6% of them due to Plasmodium vivax , were microscopically diagnosed in 8.0% of the women and were associated with an average reduction in birth weight z -scores of 0.35 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.14-0.57) and in birth length z -scores of 0.31 (95% CI = 0.08-0.54), compared with malaria-free pregnancies...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732948/late-umbilical-cord-clamping-does-not-increase-rates-of-jaundice-and-the-need-for-phototherapy-in-pregnancies-at-normal-risk
#17
Ocília Maria Costa Carvalho, Matheus Costa Carvalho Augusto, Maxsuênia Queiroz Medeiros, Hesly Martins Pereira Lima, Antonio Brazil Viana Junior, Edward Araujo Júnior, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To verify the relationship between the time of clamping of the umbilical cord and the development of neonatal jaundice, the dosage of bilirubin and the need for phototherapy. METHODS: Cross-sectional, retrospective study with 398 parturients at normal risk (single term gestation, no complications during gestation or delivery, birth weight between 2500 and 4499 g). The population was divided into three groups regarding the time of cord clamping: less than 1 minute (117, 29...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721592/social-inequalities-in-mental-disorders-and-substance-misuse-in-young-adults-a-birth-cohort-study-in-southern-brazil
#18
Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Bernardo L Horta, Bruna Gonçalves C da Silva, Tiago N Munhoz, Seena Fazel, Alan Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Luciana Anselmi, Luis Augusto Rohde
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between mental disorders and substance misuse at 30 years of age with gender, socioeconomic position at birth, and family income trajectories. METHODS: The 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used; all 5914 children born alive at hospital were originally enrolled (99.2% of all city births). In 2012, 3701 subjects were located and interviewed (68% retention rate). Mental disorders and substance misuse were assessed, and their prevalence analysed according to gender, socioeconomic status at birth, and four different income trajectories: always poor, never poor, poor at birth/non-poor at age 30, and non-poor at birth/poor at age 30...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704817/association-between-interleukin-6-c-reactive-protein-and-adiponectin-with-adiposity-findings-from-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-at-18-and-22-years
#19
Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Paula Duarte Oliveira, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecilia F Assunção, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Gustavo Dias Ferreira, Isabel O Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Most of the literature has shown a direct association between adiposity, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), and an inverse association with adiponectin. The aim of this paper was to assess the association of obesity measurements and IL-6, CRP and adiponectin. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional/longitudinal analysis in the 1993 Birth Cohort in Brazil. Associations between IL-6 (pg/mL), CRP (mg/L) and adiponectin (µg/Ml) with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), percentage total fat mass (FM) (BODPOD) and trunk FM (DXA) were verified...
April 25, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701852/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-cryptosporidiosis-in-children-from-eight-low-income-sites-results-from-the-mal-ed-study
#20
Poonum S Korpe, Cristian Valencia, Rashidul Haque, Mustafa Mahfuz, Monica McGrath, Eric Houpt, Margaret Kosek, Benjamin J J McCormick, Pablo Penataro Yori, Sudhir Babji, Gagandeep Kang, Dennis Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Amidou Samie, Pascal Bessong, A S G Faruque, Esto Mduma, Rosemary Nshama, Alexandre Havt, Ila F N Lima, Aldo A M Lima, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Ashish Shreshtha, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed, Priya Duggal
Background: Cryptosporidium spp are enteric protozoa that cause significant morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. We characterized the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in children from eight resource-limited sites of the MAL-ED study. Methods: Children were enrolled within 17 days of birth, and followed twice weekly for 24 months. Diarrheal and monthly surveillance stool samples were tested for Cryptosporidium by ELISA. Socioeconomic data were collected by survey and anthropometry was measured monthly...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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