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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346650/persistence-of-zika-virus-after-birth-clinical-virological-neuroimaging-and-neuropathological-documentation-in-a-5-month-infant-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#1
Leila Chimelli, Sheila Moura Pone, Elyzabeth Avvad-Portari, Zilton Farias Meira Vasconcelos, Andrea Araújo Zin, Daniela Prado Cunha, Nathalia Raposo Thompson, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira, Clayton A Wiley, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone
During the Zika epidemic in Brazil, a baby was born at term with microcephaly and arthrogryposis. The mother had Zika symptoms at 10 weeks of gestation. At 17 weeks, ultrasound showed cerebral malformation and ventriculomegaly. At 24 weeks, the amniotic fluid contained ZIKV RNA and at birth, placenta and maternal blood were also positive using RT-qPCR. At birth the baby urine contained ZIKV RNA, whereas CSF at birth and urine at 17 days did not. Seizures started at 6 days. EEG was abnormal and CT scan showed cerebral atrophy, calcifications, lissencephaly, ventriculomegaly, and cerebellar hypoplasia...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305391/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-microcephaly-at-birth-in-brazil-in-2010
#2
Antônio A Silva, Marco A Barbieri, Maria T Alves, Carolina A Carvalho, Rosângela F Batista, Marizélia R Ribeiro, Fernando Lamy-Filho, Zeni C Lamy, Viviane C Cardoso, Ricardo C Cavalli, Vanda M Simões, Heloisa Bettiol
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the baseline prevalence and risk factors for microcephaly at birth before the Zika virus epidemic in 2 Brazilian cities. METHODS: We used population-based data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto (RP) and São Luís (SL) birth cohort studies of 2010 that included hospital deliveries by resident mothers. The final sample was 7376 live births in RP and 4220 in SL. Gestational age was based on the date of the mother's last normal menstrual period or obstetric ultrasonography, if available...
January 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284716/burden-of-early-term-birth-on-adverse-infant-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-brazil
#3
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the national rate of early-term live births in Brazil and to evaluate the effect of birth at 37 and 38 weeks' gestation, as compared with 39 and 40 weeks' gestation on infant outcomes according to precursors of birth and the existence of maternal/fetal medical conditions. DESIGN: National perinatal population-based cohort study. SETTING: 266 maternity services located in the five Brazilian macroregions. PARTICIPANTS: 18 652 singleton live newborns from 37 0/7 to 40 6/7 weeks of gestation...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282437/the-utility-of-social-media-in-providing-information-on-zika-virus
#4
Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Kimberly Gressick, Vivek Singh, Jaclyn Kwal, Natalia Cap, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Christine L Curry
Introduction In 2015, there was an outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil that spread throughout the Americas. The association of Zika virus with birth defects in infants born to infected pregnant women created concern for women of childbearing age. Social media is an important platform for health promotion, communication, and education on preventative methods during Zika virus outbreaks. Methods We evaluated the utility of social media on providing information regarding Zika virus. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube were utilized for our study...
October 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277415/socioeconomic-position-and-sedentary-behavior-in-brazilian-adolescents-a-life-course-approach
#5
Gregore I Mielke, Wendy J Brown, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Helen Goncalves, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Ana M Menezes, Pedro C Hallal
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is a potential correlate of sedentary behavior in adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between SEP and self-reported and objective measures of sedentary behavior in adolescents, using a life-course approach. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study were analyzed (N=5249). Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between multiple SEP indicators (maternal education, family income, SEP composite, cumulative family income) at birth, 11, 15 and 18years, and five sedentary behavior outcomes (≥4h/day screen time; ≥4h/day TV; ≥2h/day computer; ≥2h/day video game; ≥12...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273044/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-results-from-the-pamela-study
#6
Shana Ginar da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Bassani, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Kelly Evenson
BACKGROUND: Women are encouraged to be physically active during pregnancy. Despite available evidence supporting antenatal physical activity to bring health benefits for both the mother and child, the most effective way to prevent some maternal and fetal outcomes is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an exercise intervention to prevent negative maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) nested into the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study was carried-out with 639 healthy pregnant women, 213 in the intervention group (IG) and 426 in the control (CG) group...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240909/cohort-profile-update-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-follow-up-at-22-years
#7
Helen Gonçalves, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Maria C F Assunção, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Isabel O de Oliveira, Joseph Murray, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando C Barros, Cesar G Victora, Ana M B Menezes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240727/health-and-development-at-age-19-24-months-of-19-children-who-were-born-with-microcephaly-and-laboratory-evidence-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection-during-the-2015-zika-virus-outbreak-brazil-2017
#8
Ashley Satterfield-Nash, Kim Kotzky, Jacob Allen, Jeanne Bertolli, Cynthia A Moore, Isabela Ornelas Pereira, André Pessoa, Flavio Melo, Ana Carolina Faria E Silva Santelli, Coleen A Boyle, Georgina Peacock
In November 2015, the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MOH) declared the Zika virus outbreak a public health emergency after an increase in microcephaly cases was reported in the northeast region of the country (1). During 2015-2016, 15 states in Brazil with laboratory-confirmed Zika virus transmission reported an increase in birth prevalence of microcephaly (2.8 cases per 10,000 live births), significantly exceeding prevalence in four states without confirmed transmission (0.6 per 10,000) (2). Although children with microcephaly and laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection have been described in early infancy (3), their subsequent health and development have not been well characterized, constraining planning for the care and support of these children and their families...
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238705/can-zika-account-for-the-missing-babies
#9
Flávio Codeço Coelho, Margaret Armstrong, Valeria Saraceni, Cristina Lemos
The Zika virus (ZIKV) spread rapidly in Brazil in 2015 and 2016. Rio de Janeiro was among the Brazilian cities which were hit the hardest, with more that a hundred thousand confirmed cases up to the end of 2016. Given the severity of the neurological damage caused by ZIKV on fetuses, we wondered whether it would also cause an increase in the number of miscarriages, especially very early ones. As early miscarriages are unlikely to be recorded as a health event, this effect-if it occurred-would only show up as a reduction in the number of live births...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229514/how-obstetricians-and-pregnant-women-decide-mode-of-birth-in-light-of-a-recent-regulation-in-brazil
#10
Rachel Galvao, Nicola L Hawley, Carolina Silveira da Silva, Mariângela F Silveira
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, 88% of births among women with private insurance are caesarean sections, even though a caesarean rate above 15% is associated with greater maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Aiming to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections in the private sector, in July 2015 the Brazilian government enacted Resolução Normativa 368, a regulation requiring the use of partograms, pre-natal cards to document pregnancies, and consent forms for elective caesareans, and recommending that obstetricians provide women with an informational letter about birth...
December 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211205/validity-of-self-reported-weight-height-and-bmi-in-mothers-of-the-research-birth-in-brazil
#11
Roberta Gabriela Pimenta da Silva Araújo, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Denise Cavalcante de Barros, Cláudia Saunders, Inês Echenique Mattos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of information on pre-gestational weight, height, pre-gestational body mass index, and weight at the last prenatal appointment, according to maternal characteristics and sociodemographic and prenatal variables. METHODS: The study was developed using data from the face-to-face questionnaire and prenatal card (gold standard) of the study "Birth in Brazil, 2011-2012". To evaluate the differences between the measured and self-reported anthropometric variables, we used the the Kruskal-Wallis test for the variables divided into quartiles...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211204/pragmatic-criteria-of-the-definition-of-neonatal-near-miss-a-comparative-study
#12
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Ruy Laurenti, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Kátia Silveira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the validity of the pragmatic criteria of the definitions of neonatal near miss, extending them throughout the infant period, and to estimate the indicators of perinatal care in public maternity hospitals. METHODS: A cohort of live births from six maternity hospitals in the municipalities of São Paulo, Niterói, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was carried out in 2011. We carried out interviews and checked prenatal cards and medical records...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211175/sociodemographic-perinatal-and-behavioral-factors-associated-to-types-of-milk-consumed-by-children-under-in-six-months-birth-coort
#13
Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Poliana Cristina de Almeida Fonsêca, Luciana Neri Nobre, Mariane Alves Silva, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
This study evaluated factors associated with the consumption of breast milk (BM), infant formula (IF) and cow milk (CM) in children. This was a cohort study with 256 children followed-up at the 1st, 4th and 6th month of age in Viçosa (MG), Brazil. With respect to CM and IF, consumption was recorded regardless of BM intake. Regarding BM, only exclusive or predominant consumption was considered. From the 1st to the 6th month, an increase was recorded in the number of children who did not consume BM exclusively or predominantly (31...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211167/-spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-coverage-for-neonatal-hearing-screening-in-brazil-2008-2015
#14
Monique Ramos Paschoal, Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Maria Ângela Fernandes Ferreira
This article seeks to establish the coverage of neonatal hearing screening in Brazil between January 2008 and June 2015. It is an ecological study that uses the country, through the Urban Articulation Regions, as a base. To calculate the screening coverage percentage, the Live Births Information System, the Outpatient Information System and the Beneficiaries of the National Supplementary Health Agency Information System were used. An exploratory analysis of maps and spatial statistical analysis was conducted using TerraView 4...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211146/vaccination-coverage-according-to-doses-received-and-timely-administered-based-on-an-electronic-immunization-registry-araraquara-sp-brazil-2012-2014
#15
Márcia de Cantuária Tauil, Ana Paula Sayuri Sato, Ângela Aparecida Costa, Marta Inenami, Vinícius Leati de Rossi Ferreira, Eliseu Alves Waldman
OBJECTIVE: to describe vaccine coverage by type of vaccine at 12 and 24 months of age. METHODS: descriptive cohort study with children born in 2012, living in Araraquara-SP, Brazil, recorded in the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc); a manual linkage of Sinasc data with an electronic immunization registry (EIR) was performed; the assessment was based on vaccination status according to São Paulo State recommendations, and on doses received and timely administered...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211135/longitudinal-evaluation-of-humoral-immune-response-and-merozoite-surface-antigen-diversity-in-calves-naturally-infected-with-babesia-bovis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Carlos António Matos, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Dasiel Obregón Alvarez, Carla Roberta Freschi, Jenevaldo Barbosa da Silva, Silvana Pompeia Val-Moraes, Natalia Serra Mendes, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Babesiosis is an economically important infectious disease affecting cattle worldwide. In order to longitudinally evaluate the humoral immune response against Babesia bovis and the merozoite surface antigen diversity of B. bovis among naturally infected calves in Taiaçu, Brazil, serum and DNA samples from 15 calves were obtained quarterly, from their birth to 12 months of age. Anti-B. bovis IgG antibodies were detected by means of the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207565/delivery-mode-and-the-transition-of-pioneering-gut-microbiota-structure-composition-and-predicted-metabolic-function
#17
Noel T Mueller, Hakdong Shin, Aline Pizoni, Isabel C Werlang, Ursula Matte, Marcelo Z Goldani, Helena A S Goldani, Maria G Dominguez-Bello
Cesarean (C-section) delivery, recently shown to cause excess weight gain in mice, perturbs human neonatal gut microbiota development due to the lack of natural mother-to-newborn transfer of microbes. Neonates excrete first the in-utero intestinal content (referred to as meconium) hours after birth, followed by intestinal contents reflective of extra-uterine exposure (referred to as transition stool) 2 to 3 days after birth. It is not clear when the effect of C-section on the neonatal gut microbiota emerges...
December 4, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192746/zika-virus-outbreak-reproductive-effects-and-decreases-in-the-number-of-births-in-brazil
#18
EDITORIAL
Paulo F Taitson, Vanessa Gm de Souza, Mariana L Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190037/routine-antibiotic-prophylaxis-after-normal-vaginal-birth-for-reducing-maternal-infectious-morbidity
#19
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Infectious morbidities contribute to considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, including women at no apparent increased risk of infection. To reduce the incidence of infections, antibiotics are often administered to women after uncomplicated childbirth, particularly in settings where women are at higher risk of puerperal infectious morbidities. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether routine administration of prophylactic antibiotics to women after normal (uncomplicated) vaginal birth, compared with placebo or no antibiotic prophylaxis, reduces postpartum maternal infectious morbidities and improves outcomes...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179743/visceral-and-subcutaneous-abdominal-adiposity-and-pulmonary-function-in-30-year-old-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-nested-in-a-birth-cohort
#20
Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Denise P Gigante, Fernando C Barros, Ken K Ong, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
BACKGROUND: Several studies have verified body fat distribution in association with pulmonary function (PF), mainly waist circumference, but few have used measures able to distinguish abdominal fat compartments. The present study aims to verify the association of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with PF measures. METHODS: In 1982, all hospital births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil, were identified and those livebirths have been followed...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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