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Birth brazil

Angelita José Henrique, Maria Cristina Gabrielloni, Patricia Rodney, Márcia Barbieri
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball on pain, anxiety, and neuroendocrine stress parameters during childbirth. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted with 128 women during childbirth, admitted for hospital birth in São Paulo, Brazil, from June 2013 to February 2014. The participants were randomly assigned into one of the following intervention groups: received warm shower hydrotherapy (GA); performed perineal exercises with a ball (GB); and combined intervention group, which received warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball (GC) (n = 39)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
M A Almeida, E Araujo Júnior, L Camano, A B Peixoto, W P Martins, R Mattar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of, indications of, and maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rates in cesarean sections in a private health service in Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study. SETTING: Private health service in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: The patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to determine maternal age, gestational age at the time of delivery, number of previous deliveries, type of delivery performed, duration of labor, indications for cesarean delivery, point at which cesarean section was performed, physician responsible for delivery, and maternal morbidity, fetal morbidity, and fetal mortality rates...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Elzo Pereira Pinto Junior, Rosana Aquino, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Marcelo Gurgel Carlos da Silva
This study aimed to assess the effect of the expansion of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) on hospitalizations for primary care sensitive conditions (PCSCs) in children under one year of age. This was a longitudinal ecological study with the use of panel data, for which the analytical units were the 417 municipalities (counties) in Bahia State, Brazil, from 2000 to 2012. Data were obtained from the official health information systems. The hospitalization rate for PCSCs was the outcome and FHS coverage was the principal exposure...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Sonia Silvestrin, Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Clécio Homrich da Silva, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani
The article assessed the quality of completion of the maternal school variable in Brazilian state capitals and its regional distribution, based on the Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC) with processed data from live birth certificates. A descriptive study was conducted in the time series from 1996 to 2013, with a total de 12,062,064 births, of which 11,442,494 (94.86%) had valid information on the maternal schooling variable. The results were calculated as the number of incomplete results in the variable per 1,000 live births, and the trend was assessed with the Joinpoint software, version 4...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Raquel Siqueira Barcelos, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando Celso Barros
INTRODUCTION: Injuries during childhood, which mostly consist of falls, burns, drowning, poisonings and car crashes, are among the main causes of death among children and young adults in several countries. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between maternal depression and the incidence of injuries during childhood. METHODS: In 2004, children who were born in the municipality of Pelotas, Brazil, were enrolled in a population-based birth cohort, with evaluations at birth and at 3, 12, 24 and 48 months of age...
February 26, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano, Daniele Maria Pelissari, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
OBJECTIVES: To estimate birth reduction potentially in response to Zika virus-associated microcephaly among the 36 largest Brazilian cities. METHODS: We analyzed the number of live births per month on the basis of information on approximately 8.2 million births from all of Brazil's state capitals and cities that had more than 10 000 annual births. RESULTS: In the second half of 2016, the live birth rate was reduced by 7.78% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 6...
April 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Cláudia Vicari Bolognani, Lílian Barros de Sousa Moreira Reis, Adriano Dias, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos Calderon
BACKGROUND: The global increase in C-section rates is real. In Brazil, these indices correspond to 58.94% in the Midwest region and 52.77% in the Federal District. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the C-section rates and identify the groups with the greatest risk at two reference hospitals in the public network of Federal District/Brazil, using 10-Group Robson System. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 6579 births assisted at the Hospital A (HA) and the Hospital B (HB) during 2013...
2018: PloS One
R S Honjo, C B Mello, L S E Pimenta, E C Nuñes-Vaca, L M Benedetto, R B F Khoury, D M Befi-Lopes, C A Kim
BACKGROUND: Cri du Chat syndrome (CdCS) is a genetic syndrome caused by deletions in the short arm of chromosome 5. Although the main clinical features of CdCS are well known, the neurocognitive and behavioural characteristics of the phenotype are rarely described in detail in the literature. In this study, we analysed the main phenotypic features of CdCS from a parental perspective. METHOD: A questionnaire was sent to 700 Brazilian families that were registered in the Brazilian Association of CdCS...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Leonardo de Paula Amorim, Maria Inês Barreiros Senna, Viviane Elisângela Gomes, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Mara Vasconcelos, Adriana Gonçalves da Silva, Simone Dutra Lucas, Raquel Conceição Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the filling process of the Child Health Record (CHR) in health care services. METHODS: descriptive study held in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; an interview was conducted with parents/guardians of children aged 3-5 years old; 21 essential items to child monitoring were observed in the CHR during the 2014 Multi-vaccination Day; fields that should be filled in maternity wards, Primary Health Care (PHC), and other services were assessed separately...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
Eliana de Aquino Bonilha, Eneida Sanches Ramos Vico, Marina de Freitas, Denise Machado Barbuscia, Tatiana Gabriela Brassea Galleguillos, Mirna Namie Okamura, Patrícia Carla Dos Santos, Margarida Maria Tenório de Azevedo Lira, Maria Regina Torloni
OBJECTIVE: to assess the coverage, completeness and reliability of data on live births in public maternity wards in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: data recorded in the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc) were compared with data collected in a field study (gold standard) during three months in 2011 in four maternity wards in hospital from the SUS network; kappa coefficient was calculated to assess agreement. RESULTS: 5,785 birth records were analyzed; Sinasc coverage was 99...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
Leandro Pereira Garcia, Camila Mariano Fernandes, Jefferson Traebert
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the risk factors for neonatal death in Florianópolis, the Brazilian city capital with the lowest infant mortality rate. METHOD: Data were extracted from a historical cohort with 15,879 live births. A model was used that included socioeconomic, behavioral, and health service use risk factors, as well as the Apgar score and biological factors. Risk factors were analyzed by hierarchical logistic regression. RESULTS: Based on the multivariate analysis, socioeconomic factors showed no association with death...
February 11, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Valeria Saraceni, Maria do Carmo Leal
AIMS: to estimate the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV among infected pregnant women identified in the "Birth in Brazil" study and to evaluate care practices provided in order to identify missed opportunities at preventing the MTCT of HIV infection in the country. METHODS: Descriptive study using data obtained from the consultation of different databases: the "Birth in Brazil" study database and the Brazilian National Information Systems (NIS) databases...
2018: PloS One
Tatiana L Kaestner, Vivian F Bento, Daiane C Pazin, Cristina P Baena, Marcia Olandoski, Gabriela A Abreu, Maria Cristina C Kuschnir, Katia V Bloch, José R Faria-Neto
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder with an estimated worldwide prevalence ranging from 1 in 200 individuals to 1 in 500 individuals in its heterozygous form. Individuals with FH exhibit high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) levels from birth, which leads to premature cardiovascular events. In Brazil, like in most countries around the world, FH is considered a public health problem but remains underdiagnosed and undertreated...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Renata M Bielemann, Leonardo Pozza Santos, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between early feeding practices and consumption of ultraprocessed foods in children at age 6 y. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study using data from 3427 children who participated in the 2004 Pelotas Cohort Study and who had available food frequency questionnaire information at 6 y. Information about exclusive and total breastfeeding duration as well as age at introduction of semisolid and solid foods was used to define early feeding practices...
March 2018: Nutrition
Torvid Kiserud, Alexandra Benachi, Kurt Hecher, Rogelio González Perez, José Carvalho, Gilda Piaggio, Lawrence D Platt
Ultrasound biometry is an important clinical tool for the identification, monitoring, and management of fetal growth restriction and development of macrosomia. This is even truer in populations in which perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are high, which is a reason that much effort is put onto making the technique available everywhere, including low-income societies. Until recently, however, commonly used reference ranges were based on single populations largely from industrialized countries. Thus, the World Health Organization prioritized the establishment of fetal growth charts for international use...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jakeline Barbara Alves, Flávia Lopes Gabani, Rosângela Aparecida Pimenta Ferrari, Mauren Teresa Grubisich Mendes Tacla, Arnildo Linck Júnior
OBJECTIVE: To describe the neonatal mortality coefficient attributed to sepsis and other causes, and to report the maternal, neonatal and death characteristics of newborn infants that died in the city of Londrina, Paraná, in Southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a time series analysis. Neonatal deaths that contained neonatal sepsis records in any field of the death certificate between the years 2000 and 2013 were studied. The years were grouped into biennia, and cause specific neonatal mortality coefficient was calculated, according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Maria José Laurentina do Nascimento Carvalho, Michelle Figueiredo Carvalho, Carlos Renato Dos Santos, Paula Thianara de Freitas Santos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the first postpartum visit, family income, pacifier habit, number of siblings and birth weight on the maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding in infants aged one week up to six months. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected through a survey, which included social and demographic characteristics of the families and the breastfeeding practice in children aged one week to six months, who received care at family health units in the municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, between December 2014 and February 2015...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Luciana Angélica Vieira Santos, Maristela Oliveira Lara, Renata Caroline Ribeiro Lima, André Freire Rocha, Euza Mara Rocha, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Gabriela de Cássia Ribeiro
The scope of this research was to analyze the gestational history and prenatal care characteristics of adolescent and adult mothers in a maternity hospital located in a city in Minas Gerais, which is a hospital of reference in the macro-region of health of Jequitinhonha. It involved a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 327 mothers were interviewed between May 2013 and March 2014 using a semi-structured questionnaire. With a sample of 255, the number of adult women was predominant. With respect to prenatal care, 324 pregnant women had medical appointments...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Welington Dos Santos Silva, Filipe Moraes Ribeiro, Gabriel Kamei Guimarães, Matheus de Sá Dos Santos, Victor Porfírio Dos Santos Almeida, Ubirajara de Oliveira Barroso-Junior
The aim of this study is identify potential factors associated with child sexual abuse confirmation at forensic examinations. The forensic files of children under 12 years of age reporting sexual abuse at the Nina Rodrigues Institute of Forensic Medicine in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with finding evidence of sexual abuse in forensic examinations. The proportion of cases confirmed by the forensic physician based on material evidence was 10...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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