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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918772/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-dengue-virus-denv-infection-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-in-a-brazilian-prospective-birth-cohort
#1
P M S Castanha, U R Montarroyos, S M M Silveira, G D M Albuquerque, M J G Mello, K G S Lopes, M T Cordeiro, E T A Marques, C M T Martelli, C Braga
This study assessed the incidence and risk factors for dengue virus (DENV) infection among children in a prospective birth cohort conducted in the city of Recife, a hyperendemic dengue area in Northeast Brazil. Healthy pregnant women (n = 415) residing in Recife who agreed to have their children followed were enrolled. Children were followed during their first 24 months of age (May/2011-June/2014), before the 2015 Zika virus outbreak. DENV infection was detected by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and/or serology (anti-DENV IgM/IgG)...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902327/anxiety-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#2
Mônica Maria de Jesus Silva, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Maria José Clapis, Eliana Peres Rocha Carvalho Leite
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the occurrence of anxiety in pregnant women and the factors associated with its occurrence; comparing the presence of anxiety in each gestational trimester. METHOD: A descriptive, correlational cross-sectional study. Data were collected from January to May 2013 using the Hospital Anxiety Subscale and a form composed of socioeconomic characterization; gestational anamnesis; life-changing habits and events; preexisting conditions and interpersonal relationships...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902228/comparative-analysis-of-initial-vocalizations-of-preterm-and-full-term-infants-with-and-without-risk-for-development
#3
Isabela de Moraes Fattore, Rejane Maiara Uhde, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Antônia Motta Roth, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To compare the evolution of vocalization in preterm and full-term infants, with and without risk for development, analyzing the possible association of sociodemographic, obstetric and psychosocial variables with vocalization. Methods: The study sample consisted of 30 infants, aged 3 months and 1 day to 4 months and 29 days (Phase 1) and 6 months and 1 day to 7 months and 29 days (Phase 2), of both genders, with gestational age <37 weeks (preterm group) and >37 weeks (full-term group)...
August 24, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899545/a-different-rhythm-of-life-sleep-patterns-in-the-first-4-years-of-life-and-associated-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-a-large-brazilian-birth-cohort
#4
Elena Netsi, Ina S Santos, Alan Stein, Fernando C Barros, Aluísio J D Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: Sleep is an important marker of healthy development and has been associated with emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development. There is limited longitudinal data on children's sleep with only a few reports from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We investigate sleep parameters and associated sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based longitudinal study in Pelotas, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort were used (N = 3842)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877754/association-between-suspected-zika-virus-disease-during-pregnancy-and-giving-birth-to-a-newborn-with-congenital-microcephaly-a-matched-case-control-study
#5
Ticiane Henriques Santa Rita, Renata Barcelos Barra, Gisele Pasquali Peixoto, Pedro Goes Mesquita, Gustavo Barcelos Barra
OBJECTIVE: In early 2015, an outbreak of an acute exanthematous illness with dengue-like symptoms occurred in northeastern Brazil. By the end of the same year, an unexpected increase in the number of cases of microcephaly was observed in the region. The microcephaly outbreak cause was unknown and rumors pointing to various potential causes arose. Since we were unaware at the time if this scenario would attract the interest of the broader scientific community, due to the neglected regions associated and as often happens with many others health conditions related to infectious diseases in Latin America...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877591/positive-correlation-between-pesticide-sales-and-central-nervous-system-and-cardiovascular-congenital-abnormalities-in-brazil
#6
Carmen I R Froes Asmus, Volney M Camara, Ronir Raggio, Philip J Landrigan, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between pesticide exposure in Brazil (2005-2013) with rates of central nervous system (CNS) and cardiovascular system (CVS) congenital abnormalities in 2014. METHOD: An exposure variable was established from data on production and sales of pesticides (kg) per crop area (ha) for 2012 and 2013 years. The Brazilian states were divided into three categories: high, medium, and low pesticide use and rate ratios were estimated for each group of states (CI: 95 %)...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859210/oral-desensitization-to-penicillin-for-the-treatment-of-pregnant-women-with-syphilis-a-successful-program
#7
Jéssica Dallé, Mauro Cunha Ramos, Mirela Foresti Jimenez, Fernanda Garcia Escobar, Vicente Sperb Antonello
Gestational syphilis is a prevalent disease in Brazil and other low and medium income countries. Desensitization to penicillin is recommended for pregnant women with syphilis who are allergic to β-lactams. This is a descriptive study utilizing outpatient medical records from 2011 to 2015 from a mother and child hospital that is part of the national healthcare system in the South of Brazil, which performs an average of 3,600 birth assistances per year. All cases of pregnant women with syphilis and presumptive diagnosis of β-lactam allergy during the study period were included...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847039/neurodevelopment-and-growth-of-a-cohort-of-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-compared-to-full-term-infants-in-brazil
#8
Rubia N Fuentefria, Rita C Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845800/symptomatic-dengue-infection-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-stillbirth-in-brazil-2006-12-a-matched-case-control-study
#9
Enny S Paixão, Maria da Conceição N Costa, Maria Glória Teixeira, Katie Harron, Marcia Furquim de Almeida, Mauricio L Barreto, Laura C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Maternal infections during pregnancy can increase the risk of fetal death. Dengue infection is common, but little is known about its role in fetal mortality. We aimed to investigate the association between symptomatic dengue infection during pregnancy and fetal death. METHODS: We did a nested case-control study using obstetrician-collected data from the Brazilian livebirth information system (SINASC), the mortality information system (SIM), and the national reportable disease information system (SINAN)...
September 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841832/repeat-cesarean-section-in-subsequent-gestation-of-women-from-a-birth-cohort-in-brazil
#10
Keila Cristina Mascarello, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros, Iná S Santos, Eliana Zandonade, Mariângela Freitas Silveira
BACKGROUND: The current literature indicates increasing concern regarding the number of safe cesarean sections which a woman can undergo, mainly in face of the high cesarean section rates, which are growing in Brazil and worldwide. Aimed to describe the prevalence and associated factors of repeat cesarean section in a cohort of Brazilian women who had a cesarean section in the first birth. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study using data from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort...
August 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837029/zika-virus-outbreak-should-assisted-reproduction-patients-avoid-pregnancy
#11
Edson Borges, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Bianca Ferrarini Zanetti, Amanda Souza Setti, Rodrigo Rosa Provenza, Assumpto Iaconelli
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the requirement from the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), for assisted reproduction treatment patients to undergo laboratory tests for ZIKV detection, and if the public health authorities and government leaders' recommendations to women simply avoid pregnancy is prudent. METHODS: This study was performed in a university-affiliated in vitro fertilization center in Brazil. We present a critical discussion on the risk of microcephaly due to ZIKV infection and the prevalence of other harmful pathogens to vulnerable pregnant women and infants...
September 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835237/gestational-age-at-birth-and-behavioral-problems-from-four-to-11-years-of-age-birth-cohort-study
#12
Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Tiago Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of behavioral problems from middle-childhood to early-adolescence according to gestational age at birth in a middle-income setting. METHODS: A population-based birth cohort (n = 4231) in Pelotas, Brazil, was followed-up in several occasions from birth to 11 years...
August 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832843/air-pollution-and-low-birth-weight-in-an-industrialized-city-in-southeastern-brazil-2003-2006
#13
Marcelo Moreno Dos Reis, Mariana Tavares Guimarães, Alfésio Luís Ferreira Braga, Lourdes Conceição Martins, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira
Introduction: Birth weight is an important indicator of several conditions that manifest earlier (as fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, inhibited growth and cognitive development) and later in life such as chronic diseases. Air pollution has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: Retrospective cohort study investigated the association between low birth weight (LBW) and maternal exposure to air pollutants in Volta Redonda city, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 2003 to 2006...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832785/prevalence-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-first-six-months-after-childbirth-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#14
Claudia Leite de Moraes, Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of physical intimate partner violence in the first six months after childbirth among women attending primary care clinics (UBS) for the infant's follow-up in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is the first study on the theme using a representative sample of primary care clinics in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The study used a cross-sectional design from June to September 2007 and included 927 mothers/infants seen at 27 UBS, selected by complex sampling, geographically representative of the city...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832759/spatial-patterns-of-preventable-perinatal-mortality-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#15
Rita de Cássia de Sousa Nascimento, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Costa, José Uéleres Braga, Márcio Santos da Natividade
OBJECTIVE: To identify the spatial distribution patterns and areas of higher risk of preventable perinatal mortality in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: We carried out a spatial aggregated study in 2007, considering the weighting areas (census tracts contiguous sets) of Salvador, of which the center and north present low life conditions. Data were obtained from national vital statistics systems and the 2010 Census. Addresses of live births and stillbirths were geocoded by weighting area...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803456/evaluation-of-prenatal-corticosteroid-use-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor-in-the-brazilian-multicenter-study-on-preterm-birth-emip
#16
Tabata Z Dias, Renato Passini, Ricardo P Tedesco, Giuliane J Lajos, Patricia M Rehder, Marcelo L Nomura, Maria L Costa, Paulo F Oliveira, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal corticosteroid use in women experiencing spontaneous preterm labor and preterm delivery. METHODS: The present cross-sectional multicenter study analyzed interview data from patients attending 20 hospitals in Brazil owing to preterm delivery between April 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012. Patients were stratified based on preterm labor occurring before 34 weeks or at 34-36(+6) weeks of pregnancy, and the frequency of prenatal corticosteroid use at admission was compared...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#17
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#18
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793129/clinical-characteristics-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-comparison-of-two-cohorts-enrolled-20-years-apart-in-southern-brazil
#19
Angela Jacob Reichelt, Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Livia Silveira Mastella, Vanessa Gnielka, Maria Amélia Campos, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Sandra Pinho Silveiro, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and characteristics of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have changed over time, reflecting the nutritional transition and changes in diagnostic criteria. We aimed to evaluate characteristics of women with GDM over a 20-year interval. DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of two pregnancy cohorts enrolled in different periods, in university hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil: 1991 to 1993 (n = 216); and 2009 to 2013 (n = 375). METHODS: We applied two diagnostic criteria to the cohorts: International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)/World Health Organization (WHO); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793091/-maltreatment-and-discrimination-in-induced-abortion-care-perception-of-women-in-teresina-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#20
Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino
Treatment of complications resulting from induced abortion may be hampered by discriminatory attitudes manifested by healthcare professionals in hospitals and abortion services. This article retrieved stories of institutional abuse directed at women who had an induced abortion in illegal and unsafe conditions. Seventy-eight women admitted to a public hospital in Teresina for complications after an induced abortion were interviewed. A semi-structured script was used with questions about practices and itineraries of abortion and institutional violence during hospitalization...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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