keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Birth brazil

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538795/neonatal-near-miss-and-mortality-factors-associated-with-life-threatening-conditions-in-newborns-at-six-public-maternity-hospitals-in-southeast-brazil
#1
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello-Jorge, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Sandra Costa Fonseca
We aimed to evaluate factors associated with cases of neonatal near miss and neonatal deaths at six public maternity hospitals in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States, Brazil, in 2011. A prospective hospital-based birth cohort investigated these outcomes among live births with life-threatening conditions. Associations were tested using multinomial logistic regression models with hierarchical levels. High rates of near miss were observed for maternal syphilis (52.2‰ live births) and lack of prenatal care (80...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538734/zika-virus-evolution-and-spread-in-the-americas
#2
Hayden C Metsky, Christian B Matranga, Shirlee Wohl, Stephen F Schaffner, Catherine A Freije, Sarah M Winnicki, Kendra West, James Qu, Mary Lynn Baniecki, Adrianne Gladden-Young, Aaron E Lin, Christopher H Tomkins-Tinch, Simon H Ye, Daniel J Park, Cynthia Y Luo, Kayla G Barnes, Rickey R Shah, Bridget Chak, Giselle Barbosa-Lima, Edson Delatorre, Yasmine R Vieira, Lauren M Paul, Amanda L Tan, Carolyn M Barcellona, Mario C Porcelli, Chalmers Vasquez, Andrew C Cannons, Marshall R Cone, Kelly N Hogan, Edgar W Kopp, Joshua J Anzinger, Kimberly F Garcia, Leda A Parham, Rosa M Gélvez Ramírez, Maria C Miranda Montoya, Diana P Rojas, Catherine M Brown, Scott Hennigan, Brandon Sabina, Sarah Scotland, Karthik Gangavarapu, Nathan D Grubaugh, Glenn Oliveira, Refugio Robles-Sikisaka, Andrew Rambaut, Lee Gehrke, Sandra Smole, M Elizabeth Halloran, Luis Villar, Salim Mattar, Ivette Lorenzana, Jose Cerbino-Neto, Clarissa Valim, Wim Degrave, Patricia T Bozza, Andreas Gnirke, Kristian G Andersen, Sharon Isern, Scott F Michael, Fernando A Bozza, Thiago M L Souza, Irene Bosch, Nathan L Yozwiak, Bronwyn L MacInnis, Pardis C Sabeti
Although the recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas and its link to birth defects have attracted a great deal of attention, much remains unknown about ZIKV disease epidemiology and ZIKV evolution, in part owing to a lack of genomic data. Here we address this gap in knowledge by using multiple sequencing approaches to generate 110 ZIKV genomes from clinical and mosquito samples from 10 countries and territories, greatly expanding the observed viral genetic diversity from this outbreak. We analysed the timing and patterns of introductions into distinct geographic regions; our phylogenetic evidence suggests rapid expansion of the outbreak in Brazil and multiple introductions of outbreak strains into Puerto Rico, Honduras, Colombia, other Caribbean islands, and the continental United States...
May 24, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538727/establishment-and-cryptic-transmission-of-zika-virus-in-brazil-and-the-americas
#3
N R Faria, J Quick, I M Claro, J Thézé, J G de Jesus, M Giovanetti, M U G Kraemer, S C Hill, A Black, A C da Costa, L C Franco, S P Silva, C-H Wu, J Raghwani, S Cauchemez, L du Plessis, M P Verotti, W K de Oliveira, E H Carmo, G E Coelho, A C F S Santelli, L C Vinhal, C M Henriques, J T Simpson, M Loose, K G Andersen, N D Grubaugh, S Somasekar, C Y Chiu, J E Muñoz-Medina, C R Gonzalez-Bonilla, C F Arias, L L Lewis-Ximenez, S A Baylis, A O Chieppe, S F Aguiar, C A Fernandes, P S Lemos, B L S Nascimento, H A O Monteiro, I C Siqueira, M G de Queiroz, T R de Souza, J F Bezerra, M R Lemos, G F Pereira, D Loudal, L C Moura, R Dhalia, R F França, T Magalhães, E T Marques, T Jaenisch, G L Wallau, M C de Lima, V Nascimento, E M de Cerqueira, M M de Lima, D L Mascarenhas, J P Moura Neto, A S Levin, T R Tozetto-Mendoza, S N Fonseca, M C Mendes-Correa, F P Milagres, A Segurado, E C Holmes, A Rambaut, T Bedford, M R T Nunes, E C Sabino, L C J Alcantara, N J Loman, O G Pybus
Transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas was first confirmed in May 2015 in northeast Brazil. Brazil has had the highest number of reported ZIKV cases worldwide (more than 200,000 by 24 December 2016) and the most cases associated with microcephaly and other birth defects (2,366 confirmed by 31 December 2016). Since the initial detection of ZIKV in Brazil, more than 45 countries in the Americas have reported local ZIKV transmission, with 24 of these reporting severe ZIKV-associated disease. However, the origin and epidemic history of ZIKV in Brazil and the Americas remain poorly understood, despite the value of this information for interpreting observed trends in reported microcephaly...
May 24, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534929/teratogens-a-public-health-issue-a-brazilian-overview
#4
Thiago Mazzu-Nascimento, Débora Gusmão Melo, Giorgio Gianini Morbioli, Emanuel Carrilho, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, André Anjos da Silva, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini
Congenital anomalies are already the second cause of infant mortality in Brazil, as in many other middle-income countries in Latin America. Birth defects are a result of both genetic and environmental factors, but a multifactorial etiology has been more frequently observed. Here, we address the environmental causes of birth defects - or teratogens - as a public health issue and present their mechanisms of action, categories and their respective maternal-fetal deleterious effects. We also present a survey from 2008 to 2013 of Brazilian cases involving congenital anomalies (annual average of 20,205), fetal deaths (annual average of 1,530), infant hospitalizations (annual average of 82,452), number of deaths of hospitalized infants (annual average of 2,175), and the average cost of hospitalizations (annual cost of $7,758)...
May 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528802/symptomatic-dengue-infection-during-pregnancy-and-livebirth-outcomes-in-brazil-2007-13-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#5
Laura B Nascimento, Cláudio M Siqueira, Giovanini E Coelho, João B Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health challenge in Brazil. We assessed the relationship between symptomatic dengue infection during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in the country between 2007 and 2013. METHODS: We did a retrospective observational cohort study using information reported in the Brazilian national reportable disease information system (SINAN) and the livebirth information system (SINASC) databases. We probabilistically linked confirmed dengue-positive and dengue-negative pregnancies with live childbirths using Fine-Grained Record Integration and Linkage (FRIL) software...
May 18, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527809/accuracy-of-genomic-predictions-in-gyr-bos-indicus-dairy-cattle
#6
S A Boison, A T H Utsunomiya, D J A Santos, H H R Neves, R Carvalheiro, G Mészáros, Y T Utsunomiya, A S do Carmo, R S Verneque, M A Machado, J C C Panetto, J F Garcia, J Sölkner, M V G B da Silva
Genomic selection may accelerate genetic progress in breeding programs of indicine breeds when compared with traditional selection methods. We present results of genomic predictions in Gyr (Bos indicus) dairy cattle of Brazil for milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), protein yield (PY), and age at first calving using information from bulls and cows. Four different single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips were studied. Additionally, the effect of the use of imputed data on genomic prediction accuracy was studied...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525824/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pregnant-women-from-2005-to-2015
#7
REVIEW
M Morin, C Vayssiere, O Claris, F Irague, S Mallah, L Molinier, Y Matillon
Over the past two decades, quality of life has become an essential preoccupation in the care of patients. Many measuring instruments are available to assess physical, psychological and social quality of life. These tools allow healthcare professionals to determine the best quality of their patients. However, the quality of life for the pregnant woman seems to be little studied. This article presents the results of a bibliographic review of publications between 2005 and 2015 - referenced in PUBMED and COCHRANE - on the quality of life of pregnant women giving birth after the 22nd week of amenorrhea...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492768/coverage-trends-of-the-information-system-on-live-births-in-mato-grosso-brazil-2000-to-2012
#8
Jaquelline Monte Stevanato, Maria Aparecida Munhoz Gaíva, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the coverage trends of the Brazilian Information System on Live Births (Sinasc) in the state of Mato Grosso and its Health Regions, in the period from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: this is a time series study, coverage was calculated by the ratio between the number of live births registered in the system and the number estimated by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE); the trends were analyzed using polynomial regression models...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492767/syphilis-in-pregnancy-and-congenital-syphilis-in-palmas-tocantins-state-brazil-2007-2014
#9
Patrícia Alves de Mendonça Cavalcante, Ruth Bernardes de Lima Pereira, José Gerley Diaz Castro
OBJECTIVE: to describe the epidemiological profile of reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women and congenital syphilis in the period 2007-2014 in Palmas-TO, Brazil. METHODS: this is a descriptive study with data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan). RESULTS: 171 pregnant women with syphilis (4.7/1,000 live births [LB]) and 204 cases of congenital syphilis (5.6/1,000 LB) were identified; most women were brown-skinned (71...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492766/clinical-epidemiological-description-of-live-births-with-microcephaly-in-the-state-of-sergipe-brazil-2015
#10
Cibelle Mendes Cabral, Martha Elizabeth Brasil da Nóbrega, Priscila Leal E Leite, Mércia Simone Feitosa de Souza, Daniela Cabral Pizzi Teixeira, Taíse Ferreira Cavalcante, Raulinna Gomes de Souza Lima, Lúcia Maria Sayde de Azevedo Tavares, Priscila Bochi de Souza, Eduardo Saad
OBJECTIVE: to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of microcephaly cases in live births in Sergipe, Brazil, and to calculate the prevalence in its municipalities. METHODS: this is a descriptive study on live births from September 1st to November 30th, 2015, with data from medical records and interviews with mothers. RESULTS: 83 cases of microcephaly were confirmed, with three deaths; prevalence in the 26 municipalities with confirmed cases ranged from 18 to 185/10,000 live births; the median of head circumference was 31 cm (range: 22...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482745/lifecourse-adversity-and-telomere-length-in-older-women-from-northeast-brazil
#11
Bruna Silva Oliveira, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Jacklyn Quinlan, Silvia Regina Batistuzzo de Medeiros, Ronaldo Luis Thomasini, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
We examined associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and shorter telomere length (TL) in 83 older women, including 42 women with less than secondary education and 41 with secondary or more education in a city of Northeast Brazil, a region with substantial socioeconomic inequalities. The low education sample was selected from a representative survey at local neighborhood health centers, while the high education group consisted of a convenience sample recruited by advertising in community centers and centers affiliated with the local university...
May 8, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481898/zika-virus-like-particle-vlp-based-vaccine
#12
Hélène Boigard, Alexandra Alimova, George R Martin, Al Katz, Paul Gottlieb, Jose M Galarza
The newly emerged mosquito-borne Zika virus poses a major public challenge due to its ability to cause significant birth defects and neurological disorders. The impact of sexual transmission is unclear but raises further concerns about virus dissemination. No specific treatment or vaccine is currently available, thus the development of a safe and effective vaccine is paramount. Here we describe a novel strategy to assemble Zika virus-like particles (VLPs) by co-expressing the structural (CprME) and non-structural (NS2B/NS3) proteins, and demonstrate their effectiveness as vaccines...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471910/age-and-sex-normalization-of-intestinal-permeability-measures-for-the-improved-assessment-of-enteropathy-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-results-from-the-mal-ed-study
#13
Margaret N Kosek, Gwenyth O Lee, Richard L Guerrant, Rashidul Haque, Gagandeep Kang, Tahmeed Ahmed, Pascal Bessong, Asad Ali, Estomih Mduma, Pablo Peñataro Yori, William A Faubion, Aldo A M Lima, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Carl Mason, Sudhir Babji, Ravinder Singh, Shahida Qureshi, Peter S Kosek, Amidou Samie, John Pascal, Sanjaya Shrestha, Benjamin J J McCormick, Jessica C Seidman, Dennis R Lang, Anita Zaidi, Laura E Caulfield, Michael Gottlieb
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in intestinal permeability in early childhood in diverse epidemiologic settings. METHODS: In a birth cohort study the lactulose:mannitol (LM) test was administered to 1,980 children at four time points in the first 24 months of life in eight countries. Data from the Brazil site with an incidence of diarrhea similar to that seen in the U.S. and no growth faltering was used as an internal study reference to derive age- and sex-specific Z-scores for mannitol and lactulose recoveries and the lactulose mannitol ratio...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457349/zika-virus
#14
REVIEW
Ryan F Relich, Michael Loeffelholz
The ongoing epidemic of Zika fever in the Western Hemisphere has drawn considerable attention from the medical and scientific communities as well as the general public, largely because of its association with birth defects and postinfectious sequelae. Since its appearance in Brazil in 2015, Zika virus has spread to more than 45 countries in the Western Hemisphere and has caused countless infections. To date, no treatment or vaccine exists, but a considerable multinational effort to halt Zika virus transmission is underway...
June 2017: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444145/parental-separation-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-late-adolescence-a-cross-cohort-comparison
#15
Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Helen Gonçalves, Alicia Matijasevich, Maija Sequeira, George Davey Smith, Ana M B Menezes, Maria Cecília Assunção, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Abigail Fraser, Laura D Howe
The aim of this study was to explore the association between parental separation during childhood (up to 18 years of age) and cardiometabolic risk factors (body mass index, fat mass index, blood pressure, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption) in late adolescence using a cross-cohort comparison and to explore whether associations differ according to the age at which the parental separation occurred and the presence or absence of parental conflict prior to separation. Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, United Kingdom) (1991-2011) and the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort (Brazil) (1993-2011) were used...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444001/birth-weight-and-risk-of-childhood-solid-tumors-in-brazil-a-record-linkage-between-population-based-data-sets
#16
Neimar de Paula Silva, Rejane de Souza Reis, Rafael Garcia Cunha, Julio Fernando Oliveira, Fernanda Cristina da Silva de Lima, Maria Socorro Pombo-de-Oliveira, Marceli Oliveira Santos, Beatriz de Camargo
Objective: To analyze the relationship between the development of childhood solid tumors and 1) birth weight and 2) fetal growth, using two Brazilian population-based data sets. Methods: A case-cohort study was performed using two population-based data sets, and linkage between the Live Birth Information System (Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos, SINASC) and 14 population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) was established. Four controls per case were chosen randomly from the SINASC data set...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441434/testing-survey-based-methods-for-rapid-monitoring-of-child-mortality-with-implications-for-summary-birth-history-data
#17
Eoghan Brady, Kenneth Hill
INTRODUCTION: Under-five mortality estimates are increasingly used in low and middle income countries to target interventions and measure performance against global development goals. Two new methods to rapidly estimate under-5 mortality based on Summary Birth Histories (SBH) were described in a previous paper and tested with data available. This analysis tests the methods using data appropriate to each method from 5 countries that lack vital registration systems. SBH data are collected across many countries through censuses and surveys, and indirect methods often rely upon their quality to estimate mortality rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#18
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#19
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410154/current-status-of-a-unique-vaccine-preventing-pregnancy
#20
Gursaran P Talwar, Kripa N Nand, Jagdish C Gupta, Atmaram H Bandivdekar, Radhey S Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya
The ability of a vaccine linking beta hCG to a carrier to generate antibodies against hCG, its reversibility and safety was established by Phase I clinical trials conducted in India, Finland, Sweden, Chile and Brazil. Employing a hetero-species dimer (beta hCG-αoLH) linked to tetanus toxoid further improved the immunogenicity of the vaccine. Phase II clinical trials showed that anti-hCG titres above 50 ng/ml prevented pregnancy of sexually active fertile women without derangement of ovulation and menstrual regularity...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
keyword
keyword
24897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"