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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803456/evaluation-of-prenatal-corticosteroid-use-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor-in-the-brazilian-multicenter-study-on-preterm-birth-emip
#1
Tabata Z Dias, Renato Passini, Ricardo P Tedesco, Giuliane J Lajos, Patricia M Rehder, Marcelo L Nomura, Maria L Costa, Paulo F Oliveira, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal corticosteroid use in women experiencing spontaneous preterm labor and preterm delivery. METHODS: The present cross-sectional multicenter study analyzed interview data from patients attending 20 hospitals in Brazil owing to preterm delivery between April 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012. Patients were stratified based on preterm labor occurring before 34 weeks or at 34-36(+6) weeks of pregnancy, and the frequency of prenatal corticosteroid use at admission was compared...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#2
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#3
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793129/clinical-characteristics-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-comparison-of-two-cohorts-enrolled-20-years-apart-in-southern-brazil
#4
Angela Jacob Reichelt, Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Livia Silveira Mastella, Vanessa Gnielka, Maria Amélia Campos, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Sandra Pinho Silveiro, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and characteristics of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have changed over time, reflecting the nutritional transition and changes in diagnostic criteria. We aimed to evaluate characteristics of women with GDM over a 20-year interval. DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of two pregnancy cohorts enrolled in different periods, in university hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil: 1991 to 1993 (n = 216); and 2009 to 2013 (n = 375). METHODS: We applied two diagnostic criteria to the cohorts: International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)/World Health Organization (WHO); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793091/-maltreatment-and-discrimination-in-induced-abortion-care-perception-of-women-in-teresina-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#5
Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino
Treatment of complications resulting from induced abortion may be hampered by discriminatory attitudes manifested by healthcare professionals in hospitals and abortion services. This article retrieved stories of institutional abuse directed at women who had an induced abortion in illegal and unsafe conditions. Seventy-eight women admitted to a public hospital in Teresina for complications after an induced abortion were interviewed. A semi-structured script was used with questions about practices and itineraries of abortion and institutional violence during hospitalization...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792988/-validity-of-information-on-birth-weight-for-studies-based-on-fetal-programming
#6
Gisele Almeida de Noronha, Pauline Lorena Kale, Tania Zdenka Guillén de Torres, Antonio Jose Leal Costa, Maria de Lourdes Tavares Cavalcanti, Moyses Szklo
Birth weight is essential information in fetal programming studies and is generally obtained retrospectively. In Brazil's Information System on Live Births (SINASC), birth weight is valid information but is not always accessible. The study aimed to establish an algorithm for the selection of the most reliable data source for birth weight in the absence of information in the SINASC database. In a cross-sectional study of 6-14-year-old schoolchildren in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, in 2010, birth weight was collected through a self-completed questionnaire, interview, medical records from the Family Physician Program, and the SINASC database...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792987/-infant-mortality-according-to-color-or-race-based-on-the-2010-population-census-and-national-health-information-systems-in-brazil
#7
Aline Diniz Rodrigues Caldas, Ricardo Ventura Santos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Joaquim Gonçalves Valente, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela, Gerson Luiz Marinho
The aim of this study was to investigate infant mortality data according to color or race in Brazil with a focus on indigenous individuals, based on data from the 2010 Population Census and the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) and Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC). In both sources, the infant mortality rate (IMR) for indigenous individuals was the highest of all the various population segments. Although the census data indicate inequalities by color or race, the infant mortality rates for indigenous and black individuals were lower than those based on data from SIM/SINASC...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783857/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-live-macrosomic-newborns-according-to-gestational-age-strata-in-brazil-2001-2010-and-2012-2014
#8
Maria Isabel do Nascimento, Daniele Francine Pereira, Calliana Lopata, Carina Ladeia Flores Oliveira, Ariane Arruda de Moura, Maria Júlia da Silva Mattos, Lucas Saraiva da Silva
Purpose To describe the trends in the prevalence of macrosomia (birth weight ≥ 4,000 g) according to gestational age in Brazil in the periods of 2001-2010 and 2012-2014. Methods Ecological study with data from the Brazilian Live Birth Information System (SINASC, in the Portuguese acronym) regarding singleton live newborns born from 22 gestational weeks. The trends in Brazil as a whole and in each of its five regions were analyzed according to preterm (22-36 gestational weeks) and term (37-42 gestational weeks) strata...
August 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771494/healthcare-and-sociodemographic-conditions-related-to-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-a-state-representative-population-federal-district-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Douglas Dos Santos Moreira, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe maternal morbidity (SMM)-a potentially life-threatening condition during pregnancy, childbirth or after termination of pregnancy-can be used as a quality indicator of the health care provided to mothers and children. The aim of this study was to investigate the SMM rate and the main factors associated with this condition among women living in the Federal District, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based sample survey using a structured questionnaire about the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants' families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759394/impact-of-prolonged-breastfeeding-on-dental-caries-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#10
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746555/the-color-of-pain-racial-iniquities-in-prenatal-care-and-childbirth-in-brazil
#11
Maria do Carmo Leal, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Vanessa Eufrauzino Pacheco, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Ricardo Ventura Santos
Few studies on the influence of race/color on pregnancy and birthcare experiences have been carried out in Brazil. Additionally, none of the existing studies are of national scope. This study sought to evaluate inequities in prenatal and childbirth care according to race/color using propensity score matching. The data comes from the study Birth in Brazil: National Survey into Labor and Birth, a national population study comprised of interviews and revisions of medical records that included 23,894 women in 2011/2012...
July 24, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746514/experience-of-mothers-of-premature-babies-from-birth-to-discharge-notes-of-field-journals
#12
Marly Veronez, Nataly Alves Barbosa Borghesan, Darci Aparecida Martins Corrêa, Ieda Harumi Higarashi
Objective: To describe the maternal care process mediated by nurses during the period of hospitalisation and discharge of premature babies. Method: This is a descriptive, exploratory, and qualitative study, using the methodological framework of convergent care research, with seven mothers of premature babies admitted to a hospital in southern Brazil, from October to December 2011. Data from the mother's daily journals were submitted to content analysis. Results: Analysis resulted in three categories portraying the path and the adaptation process of the mothers to the care of their premature babies, from preparation for discharge to overcoming her fears and insecurities concerning home care...
July 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746441/economic-evaluation-and-efficacy-of-strategic-selective-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dairy-calves
#13
Yuly Andrea Caicedo Blanco, Jonata de Melo Barbieri, Renato Ribeiro de Lima, Marcos Aurélio Lopes, Eduardo Mitke Brandão Reis, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da Rocha, Adriana de Souza Coutinho, Antônio Marcos Guimarães
In the Experimental Farm of the Universidade Federal de Lavras (EF-UFLA), state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, on their day of birth, female Holstein calves were randomly selected and placed into two groups containing fifteen animals each: Strategic-Selective Treatment (S-ST) or Conventional Treatment (CT). In the S-ST, calves were treated after coproparasitological examinations according to criteria established previously by the researchers. Calves in the CT were treated according to the opinion of the veterinarian of EF-UFLA...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738185/mother-and-child-characteristics-at-birth-and-early-age-leukemia-a-case-cohort-population-based-study-in-brazil
#14
Rejane de Souza Reis, Neimar de Paula Silva, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Julio Fernando Pinto Oliveira, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler, Beatriz de Camargo, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The population-based cancer registries (PBCR) and the Information System on Live Births in Brazil (Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos [SINASC]) have information that enables the test for risk factors associated with leukemia at an early age. The aim of this study was to identify maternal and birth characteristics associated with early-age acute leukemia (EAL) in Brazil. METHODS: A case-cohort study was performed using secondary dataset information of PBCR and SINASC...
July 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738015/observational-study-to-estimate-the-changes-in-the-effectiveness-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-with-time-since-vaccination-for-preventing-tuberculosis-in-the-uk
#15
Punam Mangtani, Patrick Nguipdop-Djomo, Ruth H Keogh, Lucy Trinder, Peter G Smith, Paul Em Fine, Jonathan Sterne, Ibrahim Abubakar, Emilia Vynnycky, John Watson, David Elliman, Marc Lipman, Laura C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Until recently, evidence that protection from the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination lasted beyond 10 years was limited. In the past few years, studies in Brazil and the USA (in Native Americans) have suggested that protection from BCG vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) in childhood can last for several decades. The UK's universal school-age BCG vaccination programme was stopped in 2005 and the programme of selective vaccination of high-risk (usually ethnic minority) infants was enhanced...
July 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727526/zika-and-reproductive-rights-in-brazil-challenge-to-the-right-to-health
#16
Pablo K Valente
The Zika virus epidemic rapidly spread across Brazil and Latin America, gaining international attention because of the causal relationship between Zika and birth defects. The high number of cases in Brazil has been attributed to a failure of the state to contain the epidemic and protect the affected people, especially women. Therefore, the public health crisis created by Zika exposed a stark conflict between Brazil's constitutional right to health and the long-standing violation of reproductive rights in the country...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727120/economic-selection-indexes-for-hereford-and-braford-cattle-raised-in-southern-brazil
#17
R F Costa, B B M Teixeira, M J Yokoo, F F Cardoso
Economic selection indexes (EI) are considered the best way to select the most profitable animals for specific production systems. Nevertheless, in Brazil, few genetic evaluation programs deliver such indexes to their breeders. The aims of this study were to determine the breeding goals (BG) and economic values (EV, in US$) for typical beef cattle production systems in southern Brazil, to propose EI aimed to maximize profitability, and to compare the proposed EI with the currently used empirical index. Bioeconomic models were developed to characterize 3 typical production systems, identifying traits of economic impact and their respective EV...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719336/infant-nutritional-status-feeding-practices-enteropathogen-exposure-socioeconomic-status-and-illness-are-associated-with-gut-barrier-function-as-assessed-by-the-lactulose-mannitol-test-in-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#18
Gwenyth O Lee, Benjamin J J McCormick, Jessica C Seidman, Margaret N Kosek, Rashidul Haque, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Aldo A M Lima, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Gagandeep Kang, Amidou Samie, Caroline Amour, Carl J Mason, Tahmeed Ahmed, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Domingos B Oliveira, Didar Alam, Sudhir Babji, Pascal Bessong, Estomih Mduma, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Ramya Ambikapathi, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Richard L Guerrant, Laura E Caulfield, For The Mal-Ed Network Investigators
The lactulose mannitol (LM) dual sugar permeability test is the most commonly used test of environmental enteropathy in developing countries. However, there is a large but conflicting literature on its association with enteric infection and host nutritional status. We conducted a longitudinal cohort using a single field protocol and comparable laboratory procedures to examine intestinal permeability in multiple, geographically diverse pediatric populations. Using a previously published systematic review to guide the selection of factors potentially associated with LM test results, we examined the relationships between these factors and mucosal breach, represented by percent lactulose excretion; absorptive area, represented by percent mannitol excretion; and gut barrier function, represented by the L/M ratio...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716913/antibody-based-assay-discriminates-zika-virus-infection-from-other-flaviviruses
#19
Angel Balmaseda, Karin Stettler, Raquel Medialdea-Carrera, Damaris Collado, Xia Jin, José Victor Zambrana, Stefano Jaconi, Elisabetta Cameroni, Saira Saborio, Francesca Rovida, Elena Percivalle, Samreen Ijaz, Steve Dicks, Ines Ushiro-Lumb, Luisa Barzon, Patricia Siqueira, David W G Brown, Fausto Baldanti, Richard Tedder, Maria Zambon, A M Bispo de Filippis, Eva Harris, Davide Corti
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that emerged recently as a global health threat, causing a pandemic in the Americas. ZIKV infection mostly causes mild disease, but is linked to devastating congenital birth defects and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults. The high level of cross-reactivity among flaviviruses and their cocirculation has complicated serological approaches to differentially detect ZIKV and dengue virus (DENV) infections, accentuating the urgent need for a specific and sensitive serological test...
August 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#20
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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