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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198945/rehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregiversrehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregivers
#1
Giselle Lima de Freitas, Roseni Rosângela de Sena, Josana Cristina Faleiros E Silva, Fabiana Faleiros Santana Castro
Objective: To analyze the daily routine of mothers-caregivers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele at home. Method: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative research. Data were collected with 16 mothers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele by means of interviews and observation from May to August 2015, in municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The data were submitted to qualitative analysis. Results: The daily care routine of the mothers at home revealed two empirical categories: a) the impact of the birth on naturalization of care, and (b) changes in the routine of the mothers and women...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192072/persistence-of-zika-virus-in-breast-milk-after-infection-in-late-stage-of-pregnancy
#2
José R Sotelo, Andre B Sotelo, Fabio J B Sotelo, André M Doi, Joao R R Pinho, Rita de Cassia Oliveira, Alanna M P S Bezerra, Alice D Deutsch, Lucy S Villas-Boas, Alvina C Felix, Camila M Romano, Clarisse M Machado, Maria C J Mendes-Correa, Rubia A F Santana, Fernando G Menezes, Cristovao L P Mangueira
We detected Zika virus in breast milk of a woman in Brazil infected with the virus during the 36th week of pregnancy. Virus was detected 33 days after onset of signs and symptoms and 9 days after delivery. No abnormalities were found during fetal assessment or after birth of the infant.
May 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188768/frequency-of-toxocara-spp-antibodies-in-umbilical-cords-of-newborns-attended-atthe-university-hospital-in-southern-brazil-and-factors-associated-with-infection
#3
Paula Costa Santos, Paula Lima Telmo, Lis Maurente Lehmann, Carolina Lorenzi, Carolina Hirsch, Gabriela Torres Mattos, Gabriel Baracy Klafke, Maria Elisabeth Aires Berne, Carla Vitola Gonçalves, Carlos James Scaini
Toxocariasis is a neglected and geographically widespread parasitic disease. The detection of specific antibodies associated with this disease is required to confirm its clinical diagnosis and to aid in prevention. Although helminth infection during pregnancy can promote foetal immune responses with long-term effects, specific information regarding the risk of Toxocara spp. infection to the human foetus during pregnancy is lacking.Therefore,the present study aimed to investigate the frequency of antibodies against Toxocara spp...
February 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#4
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179045/analysis-of-polymorphism-rs1042522-in-tp53-gene-in-the-mothers-of-twins-and-of-singletons-a-population-based-study-in-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#5
Ana C Mardini, Fernanda S Pereira, Lavínia Schuler-Faccini, Ursula Matte
Although the birth of twins has always attracted attention, there are no known genetic or environmental factors that can determine the birth of monozygotic (MZ) twins. And even for dizygotic (DZ) twins, genetic influences are not completely understood. A previous study from our group has shown that the C allele of polymorphism rs1042522 in the TP53 gene was more frequent in the mothers of twins than in the mothers of singletons in a small village in South Brazil. In order to clarify whether this was an isolated factor, we performed a population-based, observational case-control study...
February 9, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158229/prenatal-care-and-child-growth-and-schooling-in-four-low-and-medium-income-countries
#6
Xiaoying Liu, Jere R Behrman, Aryeh D Stein, Linda S Adair, Santosh K Bhargava, Judith B Borja, Mariangela Freitas da Silveira, Bernardo L Horta, Reynaldo Martorell, Shane A Norris, Linda M Richter, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of prenatal care for improving birth and subsequent child outcomes in low-income countries remains controversial, with much of the evidence to date coming from high-income countries and focused on early-life outcomes. We examined associations between prenatal care visits and birth weight, height-for-age at 24 months and attained schooling in four low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We pooled data from prospective birth-cohort studies from Brazil, Guatemala, Philippines and South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146172/regional-differences-and-factors-associated-with-the-number-of-prenatal-visits-in-brazil-analysis-of-the-information-system-on-live-births-in-2013
#7
Juliana Cristine Dos Anjos, Antonio Fernando Boing
Objective: To investigate factors associated with seven or more prenatal visits, in Brazil, in 2013. Methods: Cross-sectional study from the database of Information System on Live Births. The association of explanatory variables was tested with prenatal visits by means of the analysis of single and multiple multinomial regressions. The spatial distribution of prenatal visits according to the Brazilian municipalities was also analyzed. Results: It was found that 2...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132722/multiple-pregnancies-with-complete-mole-and-coexisting-normal-fetus-in-north-and-south-america-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-and-literature-review
#8
Lawrence H Lin, Izildinha Maestá, Antonio Braga, Sue Y Sun, Koji Fushida, Rossana P V Francisco, Kevin M Elias, Neil Horowitz, Donald P Goldstein, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics of multiple gestation with complete mole and coexisting fetus (CHMCF) in North and South America. METHODS: Retrospective non-concurrent cohorts compromised of CHMCF from New England Trophoblastic Disease Center (NETDC) (1966-2015) and four Brazilian Trophoblastic Disease Centers (BTDC) (1990-2015). RESULTS: From a total of 12,455 cases of gestational trophoblastic disease seen, 72 CHMCF were identified...
January 26, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122524/changes-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-brazilian-pregnant-women-comparison-between-two-birth-cohort-studies-2004-2015
#9
Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Pedro Curi Hallal, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Diego Garcia Bassani, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio Barros, Iná S Santos, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
BACKGROUND: Low levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy have been shown in studies conducted worldwide. Surveillance is extremely important to monitor the progress of physical activity patterns over time and set goals for effective interventions to decrease inactivity among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate time changes in LTPA among Brazilian pregnant women in an 11-year period (2004-2015) by comparing data from two birth cohort studies. METHODS: Two population-based birth cohort studies were carried out in the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil, in 2004 and 2015...
January 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#11
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#12
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098052/effect-of-maternal-dietary-counselling-during-the-1st-year-of-life-on-glucose-profile-and-insulin-resistance-at-the-age-of-8-years-a-randomised-field-trial
#13
Cintia S Costa, Paula D B Campagnolo, L H Lumey, Marcia R Vitolo
Education interventions that stimulate complementary feeding practices can improve the nutritional status of children and may protect against future chronic diseases. We assessed the long-term effectiveness of dietary intervention during the 1st year of life on insulin resistance levels, and investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and weight changes over time. A randomised field trial was conducted among 500 mothers who gave birth to full-term infants between October 2001 and June 2002 in a low-income area in São Leopoldo, Brazil...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095810/neonatal-screening-for-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-southern-brazil-a-population-based-study-with-108-409-infants
#14
Cristiane Kopacek, Simone Martins de Castro, Mayara Jorgens Prado, Claudia Maria Dornelles da Silva, Luciana Amorim Beltrão, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with inborn errors of steroid metabolism. 21-hydroxylase enzyme deficiency occurs in 90 to 95% of all cases of CAH, with accumulation of 17 hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP). Early diagnosis of CAH based on newborn screening is possible before the development of symptoms and allows proper treatment, correct sex assignment, and reduced mortality rates. This study describes the results obtained in the first year of a public CAH screening program in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076528/the-brief-life-of-norplant%C3%A2-in-brazil-controversies-and-reassemblages-between-science-society-and-state
#15
Ana Cristina de Lima Pimentel, Cláudia Bonan Jannotti, Paula Gaudenzi, Luiz Antonio da Silva Teixeira
Norplant® is the brand name of the world's first registered subdermal hormonal contraceptive implant, developed by the laboratories of the Population Council, an international organisation working in the area of fertility and population growth. The article revisits the trajectory of this contraceptive in Brazil from its arrival through clinical trials to its eventual ban in 1986 by the Brazilian regulatory agency responsible for approving medications at the time. Its circulation generated controversies related to research practices, side effects and political uses of the drug as a birth control method...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068525/differences-in-early-cognitive-and-receptive-expressive-neurodevelopment-by-ancestry-and-underlying-pathways-in-brazil-and-argentina
#16
George L Wehby, Antonio J Trujillo
We examine disparities in early child cognitive and receptive-expressive skills by ethnic ancestry among infants aged 3-24 months from Brazil and Argentina. We employ unique data on the neurodevelopment of children who were seeking routine well-child care at a set of pediatric clinics in these countries. The sample included children who had normal birth outcomes and no major health complications, allowing us to focus on variation in neurodevelopment among children without major physical health limitations. The physicians attending the pediatric clinics were trained in administering the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener, a standardized instrument used to screen an infant's risk of neurodevelopmental problems on various domains of abilities...
January 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063805/effect-of-prenatal-counseling-on-breastfeeding-rates-in-mothers-of%C3%A2-twins
#17
Fernanda Cristina Ferreira Mikami, Maria de Lourdes Brizot, Terezinha Hideco Tase, Elizabeth Saccuman, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of antenatal breastfeeding counseling on the breastfeeding rates for women who give birth to twins. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: Multiple Pregnancy Unit, Obstetrics Department, University of São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 171 mothers of twins and their 342 infants. METHODS: The participants were randomized into the prenatal counseling group (PCG) or control group (CG)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063689/associations-of-linear-growth-and-relative-weight-gain-in-early-life-with-human-capital-at-30-years-of-age
#18
Bernardo Lessa Horta, Cesar G Victora, Christian Loret de Mola, Luciana Quevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Denise P Gigante, Janaina Vieira Dos Santos Motta, Fernando C Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations of birthweight, nutritional status and growth in childhood with IQ, years of schooling, and monthly income at 30 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In 1982, the 5 maternity hospitals in Pelotas, Brazil, were visited daily and 5914 live births were identified. At 30 years of age, 3701 subjects were interviewed. IQ, years of schooling, and income were measured. RESULTS: On average, their IQ was 98 points, they had 11...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053364/use-of-antibiotics-in-children-younger-than-two-years-in-eight-countries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Elizabeth T Rogawski, James A Platts-Mills, Jessica C Seidman, Sushil John, Mustafa Mahfuz, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Pablo Penataro Yori, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Tahmeed Ahmed, Aldo Am Lima, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Margaret N Kosek, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Anita Km Zaidi, Gagandeep Kang, Pascal O Bessong, Eric R Houpt, Richard L Guerrant
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and factors associated with antibiotic use in early childhood, and estimate the proportion of diarrhoea and respiratory illnesses episodes treated with antibiotics. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, we followed 2134 children from eight sites in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania, enrolled in the MAL-ED birth cohort study. We documented all antibiotic use from mothers' reports at twice-weekly visits over the children's first two years of life...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050963/live-births-after-polar-body-biopsy-and-frozen-thawed-cleavage-stage-embryo-transfer-case-report
#20
Fernando Guimarães, Matheus Roque, Marcello Valle, Alessandra Kostolias, Rodrigo A de Azevedo, Ciro D Martinhago, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or screening (PGS) technology, has emerged and developed in the past few years, benefiting couples as it allows the selection and transfer of healthy embryos during IVF treatments. These techniques can be performed in oocytes (polar-body biopsy) or embryos (blastomere or trophectoderm biopsy). In this case report, we describe the first two live births to be published in Brazil after a polar-body (PB) biopsy. In case 1, a 42-year-old was submitted to PB biopsy with PGS due to advanced maternal age and poor ovarian reserve...
December 1, 2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
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