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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#1
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166449/caesarean-birth-rates-in-public-and-privately-funded-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Bruna Dias Alonso, Flora Maria Barbosa da Silva, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Carmen Simone Grilo Diniz, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVE: To examine maternal and obstetric factors influencing births by cesarean section according to health care funding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with data from Southeastern Brazil. Caesarean section births from February 2011 to July 2012 were included. Data were obtained from interviews with women whose care was publicly or privately funded, and from their obstetric and neonatal records. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to generate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for caesarean section births...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160485/social-representations-of-sex-and-gender-among-trans-people
#3
Jaime Alonso Caravaca Morera, Maria Itayra Padilha
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the social representations of sex and gender among transsexual people, through their life histories. METHOD: Qualitative, multicenter and descriptive research. The participants were 70 transsexuals from Brazil and Costa Rica. Data were analyzed according to the technique of Content Analysis. RESULTS: Two complementary representations related to sex were identified: "Sex as a natural categorical imposition sealed and acquired (irremediably) at birth" and "Sex as an element that labels, condemns and differentiates people...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160194/social-determinants-of-low-fertility-in-brazil
#4
Helena Cruz Castanheira, Hans-Peter Kohler
An increasing number of developing countries are experiencing below replacement fertility rates. Although the factors associated with low fertility in developed countries have been widely explored in the literature, studies of low fertility in middle- and low-income countries continue to be rare. To help fill this gap, Brazil was used as a case study to assess whether human development, gender equality and the ability of mothers with young children to work are associated with the likelihood of married or cohabiting women to have a child...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#5
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#6
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133154/adverse-birth-outcomes-associated-with-zika-virus-exposure-during-pregnancy-in-s%C3%A3-o-jos%C3%A3-do-rio-preto-brazil
#7
Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira, Nivison Ruy Rocha Nery Júnior, Cássia Fernanda Estofolete, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Georgia de Freitas Guimarães, Nathalia Zini, Rafael Alves da Silva, Gislaine Celestino Dutra Silva, Ligia Cosentino Junqueira Franco, Paula Rahal, Cintia Bittar, Bruno Carneiro, Pedro Fernando Vasconcelos da Costa, Daniele Freitas Henriques, Deusenia Machado Ulisses Barbosa, Patrícia Lopes Rombola, Luciana de Grande, Andréia Francesli Negri Reis, Sacha Ariane Palomares, Marcia Wakai Catelan, Lilian Elisa Arão Antonio Cruz, Silvia Helena Necchi, Rita de Cassia Vilella Mendonça, Izalco Nuremberg Penha Dos Santos, Suzimeiri Brigatti Alavarse Caron, Federico Costa, Fernando A Bozza, Antonio Soares de Souza, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Nikos Vasilakis, Antonio Helio Oliani, Denise Cristina Mós Vaz Oliani, Albert Icksang Ko
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report the first 54 cases of pregnant women infected by Zika vírus (ZIKV) and their virological and clinical outcomes, as well as the newborns' outcomes in 2016, after the emergence of ZIKV in dengue endemic areas of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This is a descriptive study performed from February to October 2016 on 54 qPCR ZIKV-positive pregnant women identified by the Public Health Authority of São Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126133/cohort-profile-the-2015-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-study
#8
Pedro C Hallal, Andréa D Bertoldi, Marlos R Domingues, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Flávio F Demarco, Inácio Crochemore M da Silva, Fernando C Barros, Cesar G Victora, Diego G Bassani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116316/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-hospitalization-in-early-childhood-2004-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#9
Vera Lucia Schmidt da Silva, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Alícia Matijasevich
Hospitalization is a frequent event in early childhood. In Brazil, the National Household Sample Survey of 2008 showed a 9% hospitalization rate among children in the first four years of life. The study aimed to describe the characteristics of hospitalization in the first six years of life and analyze the early factors associated with hospitalization in a birth cohort in southern Brazil. A zero-inflated Poisson model was used to simultaneously examine the effects of co-variables for the occurrence of a given event and to count events...
November 6, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116315/-assessment-of-adherence-to-the-safe-childbirth-checklist-in-a-public-maternity-hospital-in-northeast-brazil
#10
Adriana de Oliveira Praxedes, Luciana Arrais, Maria Augusta Azevedo de Araújo, Edna Marta Mendes da Silva, Zenewton André da Silva Gama, Marise Reis de Freitas
Decreasing childbirth-related mortality is a current global health priority. The World Health Organization developed the Safe Childbirth Checklist to reduce adverse events in maternal and perinatal care, using simple and effective practices. The current study aims to evaluate adherence to the checklist by professionals in a maternity hospital in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. The study used an observational, cross-sectional approach to evaluate all births in three months, with data collected from patient charts...
November 6, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103439/perinatal-health-and-malocclusions-in-preschool-children-findings-from-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#11
Cássia Cardozo Amaral, Vanessa Polina Pereira da Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in adolescence has long-term consequences that can negatively influence oral conditions. In this study, we aimed to assess malocclusion in deciduous dentition and its association with prolonged breastfeeding, pacifier use, and perinatal health indicators pertaining to the periods immediately before and after birth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers who became pregnant from 13 to 19 years of age (mean age, 17...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096053/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-episiotomy-repair-following-vaginal-birth
#12
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Bacterial infections occurring during labour, childbirth, and the puerperium may be associated with considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic prophylaxis might reduce wound infection incidence after an episiotomy, particularly in situations associated with a higher risk of postpartum perineal infection, such as midline episiotomy, extension of the incision, or in settings where the baseline risk of infection after vaginal birth is high. However, available evidence is unclear concerning the role of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing infections after an episiotomy...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096005/management-of-zika-virus-in-pregnancy-a-review
#13
Helen Perry, Asma Khalil, Emma Aarons, Katherine Russell, Patrick O'Brien
Introduction/background: Since 2015, an epidemic of Zika virus spread across the Americas. This coincided with an increased incidence of microcephaly reported at birth in Brazil, with subsequent evidence of a causal association. Sources of data: Systemic reviews, observational studies, public health organizations. Areas of agreement: Zika virus causes microcephaly and brain abnormalities in infants born to mothers infected during or shortly before pregnancy...
October 31, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069076/childhood-stunting-in-relation-to-the-pre-and-postnatal-environment-during-the-first-2-years-of-life-the-mal-ed-longitudinal-birth-cohort-study
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Stunting is the most prevalent manifestation of childhood malnutrition. To characterize factors that contribute to stunting in resource-poor settings, we studied a priori selected biological and social factors collected longitudinally in a cohort of newborns. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We enrolled 1,868 children across 7 resource-poor settings in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal, Peru, South Africa, and Tanzania shortly after birth and followed them for 24 months between 2 November 2009 and 28 February 2014...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#15
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030384/follow-up-brain-imaging-of-37-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-case-series-study
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Natacha Calheiros de Lima Petribu, Maria de Fatima Vasco Aragao, Vanessa van der Linden, Paul Parizel, Patricia Jungmann, Luziany Araújo, Marília Abath, Andrezza Fernandes, Alessandra Brainer-Lima, Arthur Holanda, Roberto Mello, Camila Sarteschi, Maria do Carmo Menezes Bezerra Duarte
Objective To compare initial brain computed tomography (CT) scans with follow-up CT scans at one year in children with congenital Zika syndrome, focusing on cerebral calcifications.Design Case series study.Setting Barão de Lucena Hospital, Pernambuco state, Brazil.Participants 37 children with probable or confirmed congenital Zika syndrome during the microcephaly outbreak in 2015 who underwent brain CT shortly after birth and at one year follow-up.Main outcome measure Differences in cerebral calcification patterns between initial and follow-up scans...
October 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026430/gestational-perinatal-and-postnatal-factors-that-interfere-with-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-by-six-months-after-birth
#17
Mariana Moraes de Oliveira, José Simon Camelo
BACKGROUND: Despite evidences indicating the superiority of breastfeeding and recent advances in the indicators of breastfeeding in Brazil, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) during the first six months after birth continues to be an infrequent practice in the country. The objective of the present study was to determine which gestational, perinatal, and postnatal factors of the mother-baby dyad might be associated with the cessation of EBF by six months after birth. METHODS: Data were collected at the rooming-in facility of the Reference Center of Women's Health of Ribeirão Preto-Mater (CRSM-Mater) during the postpartum period (24 to 72 h after birth) from December 2012 to April 2013 and by telephone contact between the researcher and participating mothers by six months after birth...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025438/pre-gestational-excessive-weight-and-duration-of-breast-feeding
#18
Andréa M Sotero, Haroldo da S Ferreira, Monica L Assunção, Pedro Israel C de Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pre-gestational obesity interferes with the duration of breast-feeding. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based probabilistic sample. The dependent variables were exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) and breast-feeding (BF), as defined by the WHO. The classification of pre-gestational nutritional status was based on the pre-gestational BMI category. SUBJECTS: A sample of 418 mother-infant pairs from the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
October 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988503/the-misleading-choice-for-safer-births-in-brazilian-s-most-developed-region-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Juliana Camargo Giordano, Simony Lira Nascimento, Ana Carolina Godoy-Miranda, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
PURPOSE: To analyze the Cesarean Section (CS) rate in Brazilian women according to category of health insurance and individual characteristics associated with the mode of delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in three maternity services (one public tertiary referral center, one maternity service for both public and private care, and one private maternity service) in Campinas city, Brazil. Eligibility criteria were: inpatient during the immediate postpartum period, hospital birth, single pregnancy, and live newborn...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977330/perinatal-features-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Gabriela Foresti Fezer, Marília Barbosa de Matos, Angélica Luciana Nau, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Jair Mendes Marques, Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze perinatal features of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of 75 children with ASD, between January 2008 and January 2015. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of ASD based on DSM-5 criteria, and the informed consent form signed by the person who is legally responsible. The exclusion criterion was missing on the medical record. The variables analyzed were maternal age, prematurity (gestational age under 37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g), and perinatal asphyxia (5th minute Apgar score <7)...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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