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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#1
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088186/concentration-of-fine-needle-aspirates-similar-to-molecular-method-improves-sensitivity-of-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Olifan Zewdie, Tamrat Abebe, Adane Mihret, Eyob Hirpa, Gobena Ameni
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN) diagnosis has been a true challenge solely by clinical evidence in developing countries, due to limited the diagnostic facility on hand. However, the availability and affordability of available diagnostic tools in resource-limited settings like Ethiopia necessitates the quest for other techniques with added value over direct Z-N microscopy. Therefore, we aimed at to assess whether the concentration of lymph node aspirate similarly improves the detection rate of tuberculous lymphadenitis or not...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#3
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086814/intestinal-helminth-co-infection-and-associated-factors-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-arba-minch-ethiopia
#5
Getaneh Alemu, Mohammedaman Mama
BACKGROUND: Helminths affect the outcome of tuberculosis by shifting cell mediated immune response to humoral and by total suppression of the host immune system. On the reverse, Mycobacterium infection favors immune escape of helminths. Therefore assessing helminth co-infection rate and predisposing factors in tuberculosis patients is mandatory to set strategies for better case management. METHODS: Facility based cross-sectional study was conducted in Arba Minch to assess the prevalence and associated factors of intestinal helminths among pulmonary tuberculosis patients from January to August, 2016...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086776/comparison-of-two-adult-mosquito-sampling-methods-with-human-landing-catches-in-south-central-ethiopia
#6
Oljira Kenea, Meshesha Balkew, Habte Tekie, Teshome Gebre-Michael, Wakgari Deressa, Eskindir Loha, Bernt Lindtjørn, Hans J Overgaard
BACKGROUND: The human landing catch (HLC) is the standard reference method for measuring human exposure to mosquito bites. However, HLC is labour-intensive, exposes collectors to infectious mosquito bites and is subjected to collector bias. These necessitate local calibration and application of alternative methods. This study was undertaken to determine the relative sampling efficiency (RSE) of light traps with or without yeast-produced carbon dioxide bait vs. HLC in south-central Ethiopia...
January 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077743/seroepidemiology-of-human-brucellosis-among-blood-donors-in-southern-ethiopia-calling-attention-to-a-neglected-zoonotic-disease
#7
Bereket Workalemahu, Tsegaye Sewunet, Ayalew Astatkie
Human brucellosis is neglected in southern Ethiopia. Although traditional food processing practices and animal husbandry which increase the risk of brucellosis are common, it has not been properly studied yet. This study was conducted to determine the seroepidemiology of brucellosis among apparently healthy individuals in southern Ethiopia. In the study, blood samples were collected to screen for serum agglutinins reactive to stained antigen of Brucella abortus Standard tube titration was performed for reactive serum to determine the titer of the agglutinin...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077741/is-using-a-latrine-a-strange-thing-to-do-a-mixed-methods-study-of-sanitation-preference-and-behaviors-in-rural-ethiopia
#8
Kristen Aiemjoy, Nicole E Stoller, Sintayehu Gebresillasie, Ayalew Shiferaw, Zerihun Tadesse, Tegene Sewent, Bezuayehu Ayele, Melsew Chanyalew, Solomon Aragie, Kelly Callahan, Aisha Stewart, Paul M Emerson, Thomas M Lietman, Jeremy D Keenan, Catherine E Oldenburg
Latrines are the most basic form of improved sanitation and are a common public health intervention. Understanding motivations for building and using latrines can help develop effective, sustainable latrine promotion programs. We conducted a mixed-methods study of latrine use in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. We held 15 focus group discussions and surveyed 278 households in five communities. We used the Integrated Behavioral Model for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene interventions to guide our qualitative analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077109/cause-of-neonatal-deaths-in-northern-ethiopia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Berhe W Sahle
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant reduction in childhood mortality, neonatal mortality has shown little or no concomitant decline worldwide. The dilemma arises in that the lack of documentation of cause of death in developing countries, where registration of vital events is virtually nonexistent. Understanding of the causes of death in neonates is important to guide public health interventions. The present study identifies the common causes of neonatal death in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among neonates born between April 2014 and July 2014 in seven hospitals, in Tigray region, Ethiopia...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#10
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075239/hantavirus-strains-in-east-africa-related-to-western-african-hantaviruses
#11
Jana Těšíková, Anna Bryjová, Josef Bryja, Leonid A Lavrenchenko, Joëlle Goüy de Bellocq
Hantaviruses are RNA viruses primarily carried by rodents, soricomorphs, and bats. The data about the distribution and genetic diversity of these viruses are often limited, especially in most regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, the majority of representatives were identified in western African localities, while only three hantaviruses have been reported in East Africa to date. In this study, a total of 1866 small mammals captured between 2009 and 2014 in various countries of Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Zambia, Mozambique, Kenya, and Tanzania) were molecularly screened for the presence of hantaviruses...
January 11, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071960/community-based-prevalence-study-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-rural-ethiopia
#12
Tadesse Gemechu, Hani Mahmoud, Eldryd Ho Parry, David Iw Phillips, Magdi H Yacoub
Background Chronic Rheumatic Heart disease (RHD) continues to be a health problem in many low and middle income countries and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Echocardiography has shown that the disease is far more widespread than may be detected by clinical assessment, but data are lacking on the prevalence and epidemiological features in rural Africa. Design Community-based prevalence survey Methods We used transthoracic echocardiography to carry out a population-based study of RHD in a rural area of Ethiopia...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071027/antioxidant-activity-of-the-aqueous-and-methanolic-extracts-of-coffee-beans-coffea-arabica-l
#13
Urszula Złotek, Monika Karaś, Urszula Gawlik-Dziki, Urszula Szymanowska, Barbara Baraniak, Anna Jakubczyk
BACKGROUND: Coffee is important source of natural antioxidants in the diet, such as phenolic compounds, alkaloids, mainly caffeine, diterpenes (cafestol and kahweol) and Maillard reaction products formed during roasting. METHODS: In aqueous and methanolic extracts of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) roasted using traditional techniques from Brazil (B), Colombia (C), Ethiopia (E), Kenya (K) and coffee roasted using an industrial technique from Brazil (T), the phenolic and caffeine content as well as antioxidant properties were determined...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070310/implementation-of-the-who-multimodal-hand-hygiene-improvement-strategy-in-a-university-hospital-in-central-ethiopia
#14
Frieder Pfäfflin, Tafese Beyene Tufa, Million Getachew, Tsehaynesh Nigussie, Andreas Schönfeld, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt, Nicole Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The burden of health-care associated infections in low-income countries is high. Adequate hand hygiene is considered the most effective measure to reduce the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to assess compliance with hand hygiene and perception and knowledge about hand hygiene before and after the implementation of a multimodal hand hygiene campaign designed by the World Health Organization. METHODS: The study was carried out at Asella Teaching Hospital, a university hospital and referral centre for a population of about 3...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070217/health-systems-context-s-for-integrating-mental-health-into-primary-health-care-in-six-emerald-countries-a-situation-analysis
#15
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Jibril Abdulmalik, Charlotte Hanlon, Inge Petersen, Crick Lund, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Shalini Ahuja, Rahul Shidhaye, Ntokozo Mntambo, Atalay Alem, Oye Gureje, Fred Kigozi
BACKGROUND: Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of the world's disease burden, including in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In this study, we focused on the health systems required to support integration of mental health into primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. METHODS: A checklist guided by the World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was developed and was used for data collection in each of the six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low and middle-income countries (Emerald) research consortium...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070179/prevalence-and-factors-that-influence-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-adults-in-pastoralist-communities-of-borena-zone-ethiopia-mixed-method-study
#16
Edao Sinba Etu, Desta Hiko Gemeda, Mamusha Aman Hussen
BACKGROUND: Deaths due to tobacco consumption are on the rise, from 5.4 million in 2005 to 6.4 million in 2015 and 8.3 million in 2030 of which more than 80% will be in developing countries. Smokeless tobacco use is a significant health risk and cause of disease. Over 300 million people use smokeless tobacco worldwide. More than 250 million adult smokeless tobacco users are in low- and middle-income countries, the total burden of smokeless tobacco use is likely to be substantial. In Ethiopia, nationally representative data on the smokeless tobacco use is not available...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069079/do-the-sex-composition-of-living-children-and-the-desire-for-additional-children-affect-future-intention-to-use-contraception-in-ethiopia
#17
Rajesh Kumar Rai
Information on future intention to use contraceptives is a potential programme indicator for family planning services. Using three consecutive rounds of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data collected in 2000, 2005 and 2011, this study examined whether the sex composition of living children and future desire for additional children were associated with the intention to use contraceptives among Ethiopian women aged 15-49 years who were not using any method of contraception at the time of the survey...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068965/dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-6-23-months-of-age-in-gorche-district-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dalecha Dangura, Samson Gebremedhin
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity (DD) is useful indicator of dietary quality and nutrient adequacy. In developing countries limited evidence is available regarding predictors of DD during the critical complementary feeding period. The purpose of the study is to assess DD and predictors among children 6-23 months of age in rural Gorche district, Southern Ethiopia. METHOD: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 417 children aged 6-23 months in Gorche district...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068531/forensic-data-and-microvariant-sequence-characterization-of-27-y-str-loci-analyzed-in-four-eastern-african-countries
#19
Giuseppe Iacovacci, Eugenia D'Atanasio, Ornella Marini, Alfredo Coppa, Daniele Sellitto, Beniamino Trombetta, Andrea Berti, Fulvio Cruciani
By using the recently introduced 6-dye Yfiler(®) Plus multiplex, we analyzed 462 males belonging to 20 ethnic groups from four eastern African countries (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya). Through a Y-STR sequence analysis, combined with 62 SNP-based haplogroup information, we were able to classify observed microvariant alleles at four Y-STR loci as either monophyletic (DYF387S1 and DYS458) or recurrent (DYS449 and DYS627). We found evidence of non-allelic gene conversion among paralogous STRs of the two-copy locus DYF387S1...
December 29, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068352/juncus-quartinianus-juncaceae-sect-ozophyllum-a-neglected-species-from-the-horn-of-africa-and-its-re-description-based-on-morphological-sem-studies
#20
Anna Faltyn, Anna Jakubska-Busse, Paweł Jarzembowski, Jarosław Proćków
Juncus quartinianus (Juncaceae sect. Ozophyllum) was described by Richard in 1851 from Ethiopia. Some authors have treated this species as a synonym of J. fontanesii and others as a synonym of J. oxycarpus. Based on morphological analyses of flowers, fruit and seeds, we propose to restore J. quartinianus as a distinct species from both these taxa. Its detailed re-description and an identification key to the morphologically similar species of Juncus sect. Ozophyllum are provided.
2017: PloS One
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