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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028793/clinico-pathological-features-of-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-a-case-control-study-at-alert-hospital-ethiopia
#1
Edessa Negera, Stephen L Walker, Selfu Girma, Shimelis N Doni, Degafe Tsegaye, Saba M Lambert, Munir H Idriss, Yohanis Tsegay, Hazel M Dockrell, Abraham Aseffa, Diana N Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Leprosy reactions are a significant cause of morbidity in leprosy population. Erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) is an immunological complication affecting approximately 50% of patients with lepromatous leprosy (LL) and 10% of borderline lepromatous (BL) leprosy. ENL is associated with clinical features such as skin lesions, neuritis, arthritis, dactylitis, eye inflammation, osteitis, orchitis, lymphadenitis and nephritis. ENL is treated mainly with corticosteroids and corticosteroids are often required for extended periods of time which may lead to serious adverse effects...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026432/timely-initiation-of-breastfeeding-and-its-association-with-birth-place-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Animut Alebel, Getiye Dejenu, Getachew Mullu, Nurilign Abebe, Tenaw Gualu, Setegn Eshetie
BACKGROUND: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as putting the newborn to the breast within 1 h of birth. In Ethiopia, different studies have been conducted to assess the prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors. The findings of these studies were inconsistent and characterized by great variability. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the pooled prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding and its association with birth place in Ethiopia using the available studies...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026399/healthcare-spending-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-selected-east-african-countries
#3
Murad A Bein, Dogan Unlucan, Gbolahan Olowu, Wagdi Kalifa
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, total healthcare expenditures, comprised of both public and private healthcare expenditures, have increased in most East African countries. At the same time, health outcomes such as infant mortality rates, life expectancy at birth and other health outcome indicators have improved. OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the association between healthcare expenditures and health outcomes for eight East African countries: Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026391/prevalence-of-khat-chewing-and-its-effect-on-academic-performance-in-sidama-zone-southern-ethiopia
#4
Andargachew Kassa, Eskindir Loha, Atkilt Esaiyas
BACKGROUND: Khat use is a well-established public health problem in Yemen, Arabian Peninsula, and Ethiopia. Along with its large scale production, the magnitude of khat use is increasing among students. OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to assess the prevalence, determinants, and effect of khat use on academic performance of high school students in Sidama Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to June 2015...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026371/proportion-and-factors-associated-with-low-fifth-minute-apgar-score-among-singleton-newborn-babies-in-gondar-university-referral-hospital-north-west-ethiopia
#5
Temesgen Worku Gudayu
BACK GROUND: New born babies with low Apgar scores are at an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess proportion and factors associated with low 5(th) minute Apgar Apgar score among singleton newborn babies in Gondar University referral hospital; North West Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on singleton 261 live births from March - May, 2013. Data was collected from mother/newborn index using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025635/how-ethiopia-achieved-millennium-development-goal-4-through-multisectoral-interventions-a-countdown-to-2015-case-study
#6
Jenny Ruducha, Carlyn Mann, Neha S Singh, Tsegaye D Gemebo, Negussie S Tessema, Angela Baschieri, Ingrid Friberg, Taddese A Zerfu, Mohammed Yassin, Giovanny A Franca, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: 3 years before the 2015 deadline, Ethiopia achieved Millennium Development Goal 4. The under-5 mortality decreased 69%, from 205 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 1990 to 64 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 2013. To understand the underlying factors that contributed to the success in achieving MDG4, Ethiopia was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We used a set of complementary methods to analyse progress in child health in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2014...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025622/lessons-for-the-sustainable-development-goals-from-ethiopia-s-success-the-case-of-under-5-mortality
#7
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Zumin Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025434/minimum-dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#8
Dagmawit Solomon, Zewdie Aderaw, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity has long been recognized as a key element of high quality diets. Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) is the consumption of four or more food groups from the seven food groups. Globally, only few children are receiving nutritionally adequate and diversified foods. More than two-thirds of malnutrition related child deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practice during the first two years of life. In Ethiopia, only 7 % of children age 6-23 months had received the minimum acceptable diet...
October 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025420/genetic-variation-and-population-structure-of-maize-inbred-lines-adapted-to-the-mid-altitude-sub-humid-maize-agro-ecology-of-ethiopia-using-single-nucleotide-polymorphic-snp-markers
#9
Berhanu Tadesse Ertiro, Kassa Semagn, Biswanath Das, Michael Olsen, Maryke Labuschagne, Mosisa Worku, Dagne Wegary, Girum Azmach, Veronica Ogugo, Tolera Keno, Beyene Abebe, Temesgen Chibsa, Abebe Menkir
BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization is important for efficient utilization of germplasm and development of improved varieties. In the present study, we investigated the genetic purity, relatedness and population structure of 265 maize inbred lines from the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) using 220,878 single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers obtained using genotyping by sequencing (GBS)...
October 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025407/severe-anemia-due-to-pharyngeal-leech-infestation-a%C3%A2-case-report-from-ethiopia
#10
Nebiyu Shitaye, Segenet Shibabaw
BACKGROUND: Leeches are rare blood-sucking endoparasites. Swimming in streams and ponds as well as drinking contaminated water are the major ways to acquire leeches. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6 year old boy who came with a history of hematemesis, frequent spitting of blood stained saliva, fatigue and anorexia to a rural hospital in Ethiopia. This was a rare case of severe anemia caused by a single leech infestation of laryngopharynx that required blood transfusion. CONCLUSION: Leech infestation should be considered as a source of unexplained hematemesis, spitting of blood and severe anemia in rural areas...
October 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024381/an-integrated-community-based-outpatient-therapeutic-feeding-programme-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-rural-southern-ethiopia-recovery-fatality-and-nutritional-status-after-discharge
#11
Elazar Tadesse, Amare Worku, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
A scaled up and integrated outpatient therapeutic feeding programme (OTP) brings the treatment of severely malnourished children closer to the community. This study assessed recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), fatality, and acute malnutrition up to 14 weeks after admission to a programme integrated in the primary health care system. In this cohort study, 1,048 children admitted to 94 OTPs in Southern Ethiopia were followed for 14 weeks. Independent anthropometric measurements and information on treatment outcome were collected at four home visits...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024002/boundary-spanning-actors-in-complex-adaptive-governance-systems-the-case-of-multisectoral-nutrition
#12
David Pelletier, Suzanne Gervais, Hajra Hafeez-Ur-Rehman, Dia Sanou, Jackson Tumwine
A growing literature highlights complexity of policy implementation and governance in global health and argues that the processes and outcomes of policies could be improved by explicitly taking this complexity into account. Yet there is a paucity of studies exploring how this can be achieved in everyday practice. This study documents the strategies, tactics, and challenges of boundary-spanning actors working in 4 Sub-Saharan Africa countries who supported the implementation of multisectoral nutrition as part of the African Nutrition Security Partnership in Burkina Faso, Mali, Ethiopia, and Uganda...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023510/reaching-the-first-90-gaps-in-coverage-of-hiv-testing-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-16-african-countries
#13
Sarah Staveteig, Trevor N Croft, Kathryn T Kampa, Sara K Head
BACKGROUND: UNAIDS has recently proposed a set of three ambitious targets that, if achieved, are predicted to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The targets, known as 90-90-90, call for 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their status, 90% of PLHIV to receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of those on antiretroviral therapy to achieve viral suppression by the year 2020. We examine the first of these targets, focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, the region of the world most affected by HIV, to measure the proportion of PLHIV estimated to know their HIV status, and to identify background and behavioral characteristics significantly associated with gaps in ever testing among PLHIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023393/flavanol-rich-cocoa-powder-interacts-with-lactobacillus-rhamnossus-lgg-to-alter-the-antibody-response-to-infection-with-the-parasitic-nematode-ascaris-suum
#14
Saebyeol Jang, Sukla Lakshman, Ethiopia Beshah, Yue Xie, Aleksey Molokin, Bryan T Vinyard, Joseph F Urban, Cindy D Davis, Gloria I Solano-Aguilar
Consumption of the probiotic bacteria LactobacillusrhamnosusLGG and flavanol-rich cocoa have purported immune modulating effects. This study compared the host response to infection with Ascaris suum in three-month-old pigs fed a standard growth diet supplemented with a vehicle control: LGG, cocoa powder (CP) or LGG + CP. Pigs were inoculated with infective A. suum eggs during Week 5 of dietary treatment and euthanized 17 days later. Lactobacillus abundance was increased in pigs fed LGG or LGG + CP. Specific anti-A...
October 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022530/male-involvement-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-the-context-of-partner-testing-in-goba-town-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
M T Alemayehu, J Haidar
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is an entry point for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), particularly when a man accompanies his spouse for voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), even though this seldom happens in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of male partners in improving PMTCT/ANC, which is essential to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission in this country. Our study focused on identifying barriers for the low involvement in PMTCT/ANC among male partners whose spouses received ANC...
September 22, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020217/long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-visceral-leishmaniasis-hiv-co-infected-patients-during-and-after-pentamidine-secondary-prophylaxis-in-ethiopia-a-single-arm-clinical-trial-authors-and-affiliations
#16
Ermias Diro, Koert Ritmeijer, Marleen Boelaert, Fabiana Alves, Rezika Mohammed, Charles Abongomera, Raffaella Ravinetto, Maaike De Crop, Helina Fikre, Cherinet Adera, Harry van Loen, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Wim Adriaensen, Asrat Hailu, Johan van Griensven
Background: We have conducted a single-arm trial evaluating monthly pentamidine secondary prophylaxis (PSP) to prevent visceral leishmaniasis (VL) relapse in Ethiopian HIV-patients. Outcomes at 12 months of PSP have been previously reported, supporting PSP effectiveness and safety. However, remaining relapse-free after PSP discontinuation is vital. We now report outcomes and associated factors for a period of upto 2.5 years after initiating PSP, including one year follow-up after PSP discontinuation...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020196/the-risk-and-predictors-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-relapse-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-coinfected-patients-in-ethiopia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Charles Abongomera, Ermias Diro, Florian Vogt, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Zelalem Mekonnen, Henok Admassu, Robert Colebunders, Rezika Mohammed, Koert Ritmeijer, Johan van Griensven
Background: East Africa, where Leishmania donovani is prevalent, faces the highest burden world-wide of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. However, data on the risk and predictors of VL relapse are scarce. Such information is vital to target medical follow-up and interventions to those at highest risk. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a Médecins Sans Frontières-supported health center in northwest Ethiopia...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020063/economic-burden-of-malaria-and-predictors-of-cost-variability-to-rural-households-in-south-central-ethiopia
#18
Alemayehu Hailu, Bernt Lindtjørn, Wakgari Deressa, Taye Gari, Eskindir Loha, Bjarne Robberstad
BACKGROUND: While recognizing the recent remarkable achievement in the global malaria reduction, the disease remains a challenge to the malaria endemic countries in Africa. Beyond the huge health consequence of malaria, policymakers need to be informed about the economic burden of the disease to the households. However, evidence on the economic burden of malaria in Ethiopia is scanty. The aims of this study were to estimate the economic burden of malaria episode and to identify predictors of cost variability to the rural households...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018005/the-clinical-presentation-of-subcutaneous-phaeohyphomycosis-a-case-series-from-yetebon-ethiopia
#19
Rachel B Kang, Devin C Simonson, Sarah E Stoner, William A Agger
Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis is a chronic fungal infection usually found on the lower extremity and feet of agricultural workers in the tropics. It can present with various skin manifestations, verrucous to nodular plaques, and is caused by multiple species of fungi. Laboratory confirmation requires skin samples for pathology and fungal cultures. Cure, often difficult in resource-poor countries, requires months of antifungal therapy. We describe the cases of 3 men from Ethiopia who were seen and are being treated by American doctors who traveled there on a medical mission...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017595/a-series-of-n-of-1-trials-to-assess-the-therapeutic-interchangeability-of-two-enalapril-formulations-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Chalachew Alemayehu, Geoffrey Mitchell, Abraham Aseffa, Alexandra Clavarino, James McGree, Jane Nikles
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. Treatment usually involves lifelong medication use. Enalapril is a common drug for the treatment of hypertension in Ethiopia. However, the drug is expensive and, therefore, there is limited capacity for people to afford the treatment. Locally produced Enalapril is a cost-effective solution to treat the disease. However, as local medicines regulation does not include bioequivalence tests on locally produced drugs, physicians and patients need assurance about the effectiveness and safety of local generics...
October 10, 2017: Trials
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