keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ethiopia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634925/technical-efficiency-of-selected-hospitals-in-eastern-ethiopia
#1
Murad Ali, Megersa Debela, Tewfik Bamud
This study examines the relative technical efficiency of 12 hospitals in Eastern Ethiopia. Using six-year-round panel data for the period between 2007/08 and 2012/13, this study examines the technical efficiency, total factor productivity, and determinants of the technical inefficiency of hospitals. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and DEA- based Malmquist productivity index used to estimate relative technical efficiency, scale efficiency, and total factor productivity index of hospitals. Tobit model used to examine the determinants of the technical inefficiency of hospitals...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633651/epidemiology-of-intestinal-helminthiasis-among-school-children-with-emphasis-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#2
Bereket Alemayehu, Zewdneh Tomass, Fiseha Wadilo, Dawit Leja, Song Liang, Berhanu Erko
BACKGROUND: Intestinal helminth infections are major parasitic diseases causing public health problems in Ethiopia. Although the epidemiology of these infections are well documented in Ethiopia, new transmission foci for schistosomiasis are being reported in different parts of the country. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni and other intestinal helminth infections among school children and determine the endemicity of schistosomiasis in Wolaita Zone, southern Ethiopia...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633331/does-timing-of-antiretroviral-treatment-influence-treatment-outcomes-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-northwest-ethiopia
#3
Endashaw M Aderie, Ermias Diro, Rony Zachariah, Marcio Silveira da Fonseca, Charles Abongomera, Bethabile L Dolamo, Koert Ritmeijer
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients with HIV co-infection should receive antiretroviral treatment (ART). However, the best timing for initiation of ART is not known. Among such individuals, we assessed the influence of ART timing on VL outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Northwest Ethiopia among VL patients starting ART between 2008 and 2015. VL outcomes were assessed by the twelfth month of starting ART, within 4 weeks of VL diagnosis or thereafter...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630874/mental-and-reproductive-health-correlates-of-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-female-students-ethiopia-the-case-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#4
Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile
BACKGROUND: Globally 3 to 8% of reproductive age women are suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Several mental and reproductive health-related factors cause low academic achievement during university education. However, limited data exist in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to investigate mental and reproductive health correlates of academic performance. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 667 Debre Berhan University female students from April to June 2015...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630647/patterns-of-psychiatric-admissions-and-predictors-of-patient-s-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#5
Sinan Tadesse, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kirose Abraha, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric morbidity burden accounts 12.45% of the disease admission burden in Ethiopia; only two referral hospitals are found to manage all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the predictors of patient outcomes. METHOD: A 3 years retrospective patients' cards, charts and medical notes review in psychiatry case admission department of Jimma university teaching and training specialised hospital was conducted. All the admitted cases included in this study...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#6
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629395/early-experiences-from-one-of-the-first-treatment-programs-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Hanna Aberra, Hailemichael Desalegn, Nega Berhe, Girmay Medhin, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Svein Gunnar Gundersen, Asgeir Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is virtually absent in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we present early experiences from a pilot program for treatment of CHB in Ethiopia. METHODS: Adults (≥18 years) with CHB were included in a cohort study at St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, from February 2015. The baseline assessment included liver function tests, viral markers and transient elastography (Fibroscan 402, Echosense, France)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629360/conceptualisation-of-job-related-wellbeing-stress-and-burnout-among-healthcare-workers-in-rural-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#8
Medhin Selamu, Graham Thornicroft, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing of healthcare workers is important for the effective functioning of health systems. The aim of this study was to explore the conceptualisations of wellbeing, stress and burnout among healthcare workers in primary healthcare settings in rural Ethiopia in order to inform the development of contextually appropriate interventions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a rural zone of southern Ethiopia. A total of 52 frontline primary healthcare workers participated in in-depth interviews (n = 18) or Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) (4 groups, total n = 34)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629358/inequities-in-utilization-of-reproductive-and-maternal-health-services-in-ethiopia
#9
REVIEW
Firew Tekle Bobo, Elias Ali Yesuf, Mirkuzie Woldie
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health services utilization within and between regional states of countries with diverse socio-cultural and economic conditions such as Ethiopia is a frequent encounter. Understanding and taking measures to address unnecessary and avoidable differences in the use of reproductive and maternal health services is a key concern in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to examine degree of equity in reproductive and maternal health services utilization in Ethiopia. METHOD: Data from Ethiopia demographic health survey 2014 was analyzed...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628132/resilience-potential-of-the-ethiopian-coffee-sector-under-climate-change
#10
Justin Moat, Jenny Williams, Susana Baena, Timothy Wilkinson, Tadesse W Gole, Zeleke K Challa, Sebsebe Demissew, Aaron P Davis
Coffee farming provides livelihoods for around 15 million farmers in Ethiopia and generates a quarter of the country's export earnings. Against a backdrop of rapidly increasing temperatures and decreasing rainfall, there is an urgent need to understand the influence of climate change on coffee production. Using a modelling approach in combination with remote sensing, supported by rigorous ground-truthing, we project changes in suitability for coffee farming under various climate change scenarios, specifically by assessing the exposure of coffee farming to future climatic shifts...
June 19, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626811/the-enrich-study-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-a-combination-intervention-package-to-improve-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-initiation-adherence-and-completion-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-ethiopia-rationale-and-design-of-a-mixed-methods-cluster-randomized
#11
Andrea A Howard, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Suzue Saito, Tsigereda Gadisa, Amrita Daftary, Zenebe Melaku
BACKGROUND: Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) prevents tuberculosis among HIV-positive individuals, however implementation is suboptimal. Implementation science studies are needed to identify interventions to address this evidence-to-program gap. OBJECTIVE: The ENRICH Study is a mixed methods cluster randomized trial aimed at evaluating the effectiveness and acceptability of a combination intervention package (CIP) to improve IPT implementation in Ethiopia. DESIGN: Ten health centers were randomized to receive the CIP or standard of care...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622376/client-and-facility-level-determinants-of-quality-of-care-in-family-planning-services-in-ethiopia-multilevel-modelling
#12
Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Mohammad Afzal Mahmood, Judith Streak Gomersall, Yibeltal Assefa, Theodros Getachew Zemedu, Mengistu Kifle, Caroline O Laurence
INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, while contraceptive use has improved in Ethiopia, the contraceptive prevalence rate remains low. In addition to socio-demographic and cultural factors, the quality of care in Family Planning (FP) services is an important determining factor of FP utilization. However, little research exists on the determinants of quality of care in FP services in Ethiopia. This study aims to identify the client and facility level determinants of quality of care in FP services in Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622361/prevalence-trend-and-risk-factors-for-antiretroviral-therapy-discontinuation-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-ethiopia-in-2003-2015
#13
Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Paul Ward, Kifle Woldemichael, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that antiretroviral therapy (ART) discontinuation hampers the progress towards achieving the UNAIDS treatment targets that aim to treat 90% of HIV diagnosed patients and achieve viral suppression for 90% of those on treatment. Nevertheless, the magnitude, trend and risk factors for ART discontinuation have not been explored extensively. We carried out a retrospective data analysis to assess prevalence, trend and risk factors for ART discontinuation among adults in Southwest Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620682/infectious-bursal-disease-outbreak-investigation-molecular-characterization-and-vaccine-immunogenicity-trial-in-ethiopia
#14
Aregitu Mekuriaw, Molalegne Bitew, Esyas Gelaye, Bedaso Mamo, Gelagay Ayelet
The study was conducted with the objective of isolation and molecular characterization of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) circulating in Ethiopia and to assess the immunogenicity of different commercially available live attenuated IBD vaccines and finally to select the appropriate vaccine strain for the existing IBDV. Outbreak samples collected from different poultry farms with IBD infection between 2013 and 2015 were used for the virus isolation and molecular characterization. IBD vaccine immunogenicity test was conducted using four different commercially available live attenuated IBD vaccine strains: namely D78, B2K, LC75, and EXTREM...
June 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619051/spatial-patterns-of-childhood-diarrhea-in-ethiopia-data-from-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-surveys-2000-2005-and-2011
#15
Getahun Gebre Bogale, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Degefie Tibebe Degefie, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw
BACKGROUND: Childhood diarrhea is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Exploring the spatial pattern of childhood diarrhea is important to monitor and design effective intervention programs. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the spatial patterns of childhood diarrhea in Ethiopia over the past one decade. METHODS: A total of 29,358 under-five children were retrieved from three consecutive Ethiopian demographic and health surveys (2000, 2005, and 2011) and included into the study...
June 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617834/community-pharmacists-interest-in-and-attitude-to-pharmacy-practice-research-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Chernet Tafere Negesse, Yared Belete Belay
Pharmacy practice-research became an important component in the pharmacy practice. However, limited studies were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa to understand the pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research. We aimed to assess the community pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists in eight major cities in Ethiopia. A validated 25-item self-administered questionnaire covering interest and attitude related to pharmacy practice-research was distributed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616226/child-wasting-is-a-severe-public-health-problem-in-the-predominantly-rural-population-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Haile Woldie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child wasting has remained a public health problem for a decade's, suggesting the need to further monitoring of the problem. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A Community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to June, 2015, in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. A total of 1184 children aged under five years and their mothers/caretakers were included in the study...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616079/surgical-site-infection-and-its-associated-factors-following-cesarean-section-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-public-hospital-in-ethiopia
#18
Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Amlaku Mulat Aweke, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie, Liknaw Bewket Zeleke
BACKGROUND: A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby. Surgical site infections are a common surgical complication among patients delivered with cesarean section. Further it caused to increase maternal morbidity, stay of hospital and the cost of treatment. METHODS: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the magnitude of surgical site infection following cesarean Site Infections and its associated factors at Lemlem Karl hospital July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615980/household-flood-preparedness-and-associated-factors-in-the-flood-prone-community-of-dembia-district-amhara-national-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia
#19
Baye Ashenefe, Mamo Wubshet, Alemayehu Shimeka
BACKGROUND: Flood preparedness empowers the community to respond effectively to related hazards. However, there was no research done in the country concerning household flood preparedness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess household flood preparedness and associated factors in the flood-prone community of Dembia district, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2014 in the Dembia district...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612023/perception-of-community-pharmacists-towards-dispensing-errors-in-community-pharmacy-setting-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Dispensing errors are inevitable occurrences in community pharmacies across the world. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the community pharmacists' perception towards dispensing errors in the community pharmacies in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 47 community pharmacists selected through convenience sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson's Chi-square test of independence were conducted with P ≤ 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
24896
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"