keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ethiopia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719665/risk-factors-for-hospital-acquired-infections-in-teaching-hospitals-of-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#1
Walelegn Worku Yallew, Abera Kumie, Feleke Moges Yehuala
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. It is a major global issue for patient safety. Understanding the potential risk factors is important to appreciate the local context. A matched case control study design, which is the first of its kind in the study region, was undertaken to identify risk factors in teaching hospitals of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. METHOD: A matched case control study design matched with age and hospital type was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719642/infections-with-schistosoma-mansoni-and-geohelminths-among-school-children-dwelling-along-the-shore-of-the-lake-hawassa-southern-ethiopia
#2
Bamlaku Tadege, Techalew Shimelis
BACKGROUND: Infections with Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are major public health problems in Ethiopia. However, information was scarce on the current status of these infections to guide an intervention in the study area. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of infections with S. mansoni and STHs and associated factors among school children in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated children who were attending the Finchawa and Tullo junior elementary schools and were residing along the shore of the lake Hawassa in January and February, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719270/mycetoma-madura-foot-in-israel-recent-cases-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Ohad Bitan, Yonit Wiener-Well, Rina Segal, Eli Schwartz
AbstractMycetoma is a chronic soft tissue infection caused by fungal or bacterial pathogens, and is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions. Cases in developed countries outside the mycetoma belt are rare and usually imported by immigrants. Sporadic cases have been reported in Israel. Unpublished cases in the participating medical centers are reported. In addition, a systematic review of the literature was performed. All published mycetoma cases diagnosed in Israel were included with relevant variables collected...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#4
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716795/the-magnitude-of-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up-among-patients-treated-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Mache Tsadik, Yemane Berhane, Alemayehu Worku, Wondwossen Terefe
OBJECTIVES: The loss to follow-up (LTFU) among patients attending care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Sub-Saharan Africa is a major barrier to achieving the goals of the STI prevention and control programme. The objective of this study was to investigate individual- and facility-level factors associated with LTFU among patients treated for STIs in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among patients attending care for STIs in selected facilities from January to June 2015 in the Tigray region of Ethiopia...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#6
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716042/tuberculosis-and-hiv-are-the-leading-causes-of-adult-death-in-northwest-ethiopia-evidence-from-verbal-autopsy-data-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-2007-2013
#7
Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system...
July 17, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716009/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-malaria-among-adults-in-east-shewa-zone-of-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Frew Tadesse, Andrew W Fogarty, Wakgari Deressa
BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is prevalent in over 75% of the country's area making it the leading public health problems in the country. Information on the prevalence of malaria and its associated factors is vital to focus and improve malaria interventions. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from October to November 2012 in East Shewa zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#9
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715439/knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-stigma-towards-tuberculosis-among-pastoralists-do-they-differ-from-sedentary-communities-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#10
Bezawit Temesgen Sima, Tefera Belachew, Fekadu Abebe
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is ninth among the world high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, pastoralists being the most affected population. However, there is no published report whether the behavior related to TB are different between pastoralist and the sedentary communities. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to assess the pastoralist community knowledge, attitude and perceived stigma towards tuberculosis and their health care seeking behavior in comparison to the neighboring sedentary communities and this may help to plan TB control interventions specifically for the pastoralist communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714920/the-role-of-perceived-social-norms-in-rural-sanitation-an-explorative-study-from-infrastructure-restricted-settings-of-south-ethiopia
#11
Josef Novotný, Jana Kolomazníková, Helena Humňalová
The perception of social sanitation norms (PSSNs) around unacceptability of open defecation has been a key aspect of recent sanitation interventions. However, underlying mechanisms through which "reconstructed" PSSNs affect sanitation outcomes have been a black box. This explorative cross-sectional study examines direct and indirect links between PSSNs and sanitation safety using data from structured interviews and observations in 368 households in rural South Ethiopia. In addition to a positive association between PSSNs and sanitation safety, we propose and examine the following two mechanisms: First, we confirm a potentially adverse feedback of PSSNs on future sanitation safety by enhancing the emotional satisfaction with current sanitation practice (satisfaction independent of the functionality of sanitation facilities)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#12
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712974/diversity-and-altitudinal-distribution-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-in-visceral-leishmaniasis-endemic-areas-of-northwest-ethiopia
#13
Solomon Yared, Araya Gebreselassie, Essayas Akililu, Kebede Deribe, Meshesha Balkew, Alon Warburg, Asrat Hailu, Teshome Gebre-Michael
BACKGROUND: The Leishmaniases are caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania and are transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sand flies. Both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases are widely distributed in different parts of Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the diversity and altitudinal distribution of phlebotomine sand flies from Kafta Humera to Gondar town in northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Seven localities were selected with distinct altitudinal variations between 550m above sea level (m a...
July 13, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712122/clinical-features-and-treatment-response-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-north-west-ethiopia
#14
Helina Fikre, Rezika Mohammed, Saba Atinafu, Johan van Griensven, Ermias Diro
OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) receives far less attention than visceral leishmaniasis. Nevertheless, CL is predominantly caused by a unique species in Ethiopia (L aethiopica), which is known to cause severe forms such as diffuse (DCL) and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL). We report on the number and type of CL cases diagnosed, the clinical features, the treatments and treatment outcomes in North-West Ethiopia. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart record analysis of CL patients treated at the Leishmania Research and Treatment Center (LRTC) of the University of Gondar, Ethiopia...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712116/multi-century-tree-ring-precipitation-record-reveals-increasing-frequency-of-extreme-dry-events-in-the-upper-blue-nile-river-catchment
#15
Mulugeta Mokria, Aster Gebrekirstos, Abrham Abiyu, Meine Van Noordwijk, Achim Bräuning
Climate-related environmental and humanitarian crisis are important challenges in the Great Horn of Africa (GHA). In the absence of long-term past climate records in the region, tree-rings are valuable climate proxies, reflecting past climate variations and complementing climate records prior to the instrumental era. We established annually resolved multi-century tree-ring chronology from Juniperus procera trees in northern Ethiopia; the longest series yet for the GHA. The chronology correlates significantly with wet-season (r = 0...
July 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708577/a-one-year-review-of-eclampsia-in-an-ethiopian-tertiary-care-center-saint-paul-s-hospital-millennium-medical-college-sphmmc
#16
Thomas Mekuria, Abdulfetah Abdosh
Eclampsia remains one of the five major causes of maternal mortality in developing countries. Advances in diagnosis and management have led to a significant reduction in maternal mortality and morbidity from this disease in developed countries. In developing countries the incidence of maternal death attributed to eclampsia remains high and, in Ethiopia, maternal mortality from this complication has instead risen over the last decade. The purpose of this study was to review the incidence of eclampsia at the largest feto-maternal center in the country over 1 year in an attempt to determine what quality improvement measures are needed and could realistically be implemented within the system to decrease this complication...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706737/the-prevalence-of-visual-acuity-impairment-among-school-children-at-arada-subcity-primary-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#17
Haile Fentahun Darge, Getahun Shibru, Abiy Mulugeta, Yinebeb Mezgebu Dagnachew
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment and blindness are major public health problems in developing countries where there is no enough health-care service. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of visual impairment among school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted between 15 June 2015 and 30 November 2015 at Arada subcity primary schools, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Two schools were selected randomly, and 378 students were screened from grades 1 to 8 using systematic random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705235/burden-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#18
Weinshet Getahun, Tefera Belachew, Amare Desalegn Wolide
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which varies by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status. The study aim is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending a hospital in southern Ethiopia using a structured interview administered questionnaire. METHODS: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01-April 30 2015 at Butajira General Hospital, Ethiopia...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705188/home-delivery-among-antenatal-care-booked-women-in-their-last-pregnancy-and-associated-factors-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-debremarkos-town-north-west-ethiopia-january-2016
#19
Habtamu Kebebe Kasaye, Zerfu Mulaw Endale, Temesgen Worku Gudayu, Melese Siyoum Desta
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, nearly half of the mothers who were booked for antenatal care, who supposed to have institutional delivery, gave home delivery nationally. Home delivery accounts majority while few of childbirth were attended by the skilled provider in Amhara regional state. This study aimed to determine the proportion of home delivery and associated factors among antenatal care booked women who gave childbirth in the past 1 year in Debremarkos Town, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based Cross sectional study was conducted from January 1st- 25th 2016...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705176/time-to-immunologic-recovery-and-determinant-factors-among-adults-who-initiated-art-in-felege-hiwot-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Lemma Derseh Gezie, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Destaw Fetene Teshome
BACKGROUND: CD4 cells are the major targets for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and treatment with Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) influences the CD4 cell count of HIV patients. In addition to ART, the time required to reach normal range of CD4 counts (500 cells/mm(3)) can be affected by clinical, socio-demographic, and behavioral factors. This retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the incidence of having the normal range of CD4 cell counts and factors that affect the time required to reach this normal range among adult HIV patients who initiated into ART...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
keyword
keyword
24896
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"