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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678983/older-patients-perception-of-deprescribing-in-resource-limited-settings-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-ethiopia-university-hospital
#1
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Kaleab Taye Haile, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Fasil Chekol, Yonas Azanaw, Asnakew Achaw Ayele
OBJECTIVE: To assess older patients' attitude towards deprescribing of inappropriate medications. DESIGN: This was an institutional-based, quantitative, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Outpatient clinics of the University of Gondar Referral and Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 65 or older with at least one medication were enrolled in the study from 1 March to 30 June 2017. Excluded patients were those who had severe physical or psychological problems and who refused to participate...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676967/municipal-solid-waste-generation-and-disposal-in-robe-town-ethiopia
#2
Duguma Erasu, Tesfaye Faye, Amaha Kiros, Abel Balew
The amount of solid waste generated in developing countries is rising from time to time due to economic growth, change in consumer behavior and lifestyles of people. But it is hard to manage and handle the increase of solid waste with existing waste management infrastructure. Thus, the management system of solid waste is very poor and become a serious problem. The main purpose of this study is to quantify the volume of solid waste generated and investigate factors affecting generation and disposal of wastes in the study area...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676763/drivers-of-microbiological-quality-of-household-drinking-water-a-case-study-in-rural-ethiopia
#3
Muhammed A Usman, Nicolas Gerber, Evita H Pangaribowo
This study aims at assessing the determinants of microbiological contamination of household drinking water under multiple-use water systems in rural areas of Ethiopia. For this analysis, a random sample of 454 households was surveyed between February and March 2014, and water samples from community sources and household storage containers were collected and tested for fecal contamination. The number of Escherichia coli (E. coli) colony-forming units per 100 mL water was used as an indicator of fecal contamination...
April 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676394/corrigendum-to-self-reported-adverse-drug-reactions-medication-adherence-and-clinical-outcomes-among-major-depressive-disorder-patients-in-ethiopia-a-prospective-hospital-based-study
#4
Tadesse Melaku Abegaz, Lamesa Melese Sori, Hussien Nurahmed Toleha
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/5812817.].
2018: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675282/self-medication-practice-in-limmu-genet-jimma-zone-southwest-ethiopia-does-community-based-health-insurance-scheme-have-an-influence
#5
Bayu Begashaw Bekele, Shibiru Tesema Berkesa, Enyew Tefera, Abera Kumalo
Background: Self-medication, which is a form of self-care, is an important initial response to illness, and many illnesses can be successfully treated at this stage. It is practiced by a considerable proportion of the population and is affected by sociodemographic and economic factors. This study was conducted to assess the practice of self-medication and associated factors in Limmu Genet's town households, Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods and Materials: A community based cross-sectional study was done...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675262/genotyping-and-molecular-detection-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-tuberculosis-lymphadenitis-cases-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#6
O Zewdie, A Mihret, T Abebe, A Kebede, K Desta, A Worku, G Ameni
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a major public health problem. Drug-resistance surveillance data show that 3.9% of new and 21% of previously treated TB cases were estimated to have had rifampicin/ multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB) in 2015. This implies that the MDR-TB is increasing alarmingly. Hence, a better understanding of drug resistance mechanisms and genotypes associated with multidrug resistance in M. tuberculosis is crucial for improving diagnostic and therapeutic methods to treat individuals with MDR-TB...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675050/analgesic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-80-methanol-extract-of-leonotis-ocymifolia-burm-f-iwarsson-leaves-in-rodent-models
#7
Asnakech Alemu, Wondmagegn Tamiru, Teshome Nedi, Workineh Shibeshi
Background: Pain and inflammation are the major health problems commonly treated with traditional remedies mainly using medicinal plants. Leonotis ocymifolia is one of such medicinal plants used in folkloric medicine of Ethiopia. However, the plant has not been scientifically evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the 80% methanol leaves extract of Leonotis ocymifolia using rodent models. Method: The central and peripheral analgesic effect of the extract at 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg dose levels was evaluated using hot plate and acetic acid induced writhing rodent models, whereas carrageenan induced paw edema and cotton pellet granuloma methods were used to screen anti-inflammatory effect of the extract at the same dose levels...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673402/determinants-of-postnatal-care-utilization-in-urban-community-among-women-in-debre-birhan-town-northern-shewa-ethiopia
#8
Banchalem Nega Angore, Efrata Girma Tufa, Fithamlak Solomon Bisetegen
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal mortality and improving maternal health care through increased utilization of postnatal care utilization is a global and local priority. However studies that have been carried out in Ethiopia regarding determinants are limited. So This study aims to assess the magnitude of postnatal care utilization and its determinants in Debre Birhan Town, North Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1 to April 25, 2015, in Debre Birhan Town...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672576/malnutrition-and-lipid-abnormalities-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-adults-in-addis-ababa-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Melaku Adal, Rawleigh Howe, Desta Kassa, Abraham Aseffa, Beyene Petros
BACKGROUND: Both under- and over-nutrition may occur among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals and impact on the course of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its management due to the close interaction between immunity and nutrition. We investigated occurrence of undernutrition, excess weight and lipid abnormalities among antiretroviral naïve HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 594 antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve HIV-infected adults was conducted in four hospitals in Addis Ababa from February to September 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672560/can-water-level-management-reduce-malaria-mosquito-abundance-around-large-dams-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Solomon Kibret, G Glenn Wilson, Darren Ryder, Habte Tekie, Beyene Petros
BACKGROUND: Water level management has been suggested as a potential tool to reduce malaria around large reservoirs. However, no field-based test has been conducted to assess the effect of water level management on mosquito larval abundance in African settings. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effects of water level drawdown rates on mosquito larval abundance. METHODS: Twelve experimental dams were constructed on the foreshore of the Koka Dam in Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671239/ethnobotanical-knowledge-of-pastoral-community-for-treating-livestock-diseases-in-somali-regional-state-eastern-ethiopia
#11
Ewonetu Kebede, Melese Mengistu, Biresaw Serda
Modern livestock health care is still at its lowest stage in Ethiopia and most modern veterinary services like drugs and veterinary professionals are not accessible and affordable to the majority of pastoral farmers. As a result, they rely on their traditional knowledge and practices on locally available. However, this traditional knowledge has not yet been well documented. Therefore, this study identified medicinal plants used in treating animal diseases and examined factors that threatens ethno-veterinary in pastoral community of Shinle Districts...
April 18, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670911/morbidity-parameters-associated-with-gastrointestinal-tract-nematodes-in-sheep-in-dabat-district-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Zewdu Seyoum, Kalkidan Getnet, Mersha Chanie, Samuel Derso, Shumye Fentahun
Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infections of sheep and their interaction with selected morbidity parameters were studied in smallholder farms. 120 faecal samples were collected and examined using faecal flotation to determine nematode infection in sheep. Thus, the study demonstrated overall prevalence of 57.5% GIN infections, while the mean faecal egg count (FEC) was 517.5 EPG. The severity of GIN infection was determined based on EPG as a mild infection (EPG <500), 55.1%, moderate infection (EPG = 500-1500), 30...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670893/prevalence-of-cannabis-use-disorder-and-associated-factors-among-cannabis-young-adult-users-at-shashemene-town-oromia-region-ethiopia-2016
#13
Mikiyas Tullu, Telake Azale, Dessie Abebaw, Haddis Solomon, Yodit Habtamu
Introduction: Cannabis users are at high risk of developing cannabis use disorder which is a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. Objective: To assess the magnitude of cannabis use disorder and associated factors among young adults using cannabis at Shashemene Town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Shashemene Town, from May to June 2016. Young adults aged 18-25 who use cannabis and are permanent residents of Shashemene were included in the study...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670768/assessment-of-anti-tb-drug-nonadherence-and-associated-factors-among-tb-patients-attending-tb-clinics-in-arba-minch-governmental-health-institutions-southern-ethiopia
#14
Addisu Alemayehu Gube, Megbaru Debalkie, Kalid Seid, Kiberalem Bisete, Asfaw Mengesha, Abubeker Zeynu, Freselam Shimelis, Feleke Gebremeskel
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis . Nonadherence to anti-TB treatment may result in the emergence of multidrug-resistant TB, prolonged infectiousness, and poor tuberculosis treatment outcomes. Ethiopia is one of the seven countries that reported lower rates of treatment success (84%). This study assessed anti-TB drug nonadherence and associated factors among TB patients in Arba Minch governmental health institutions...
2018: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669781/outcome-of-paediatric-cataract-surgery-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-retrospective-case-series
#15
Mulusew Asferaw, Sisay Yoseph Mekonen, Geoffrey Woodruff, Clare E Gilbert, Samson Tesfaye
AIM: To assess visual acuity outcomes, and factors associated with the outcome, of paediatric cataract surgery at the Child Eye Health Tertiary Facility, Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: The medical records of children aged below 16 years who underwent cataract surgery between September 2010 and August 2014 were reviewed for preoperative, surgical and postoperative data. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-six eyes of 142 children (mean age 7...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669426/do-coffee-farmers-benefit-in-food-security-from-participating-in-coffee-cooperatives-evidence-from-southwest-ethiopia-coffee-cooperatives
#16
Zekarias Shumeta, Marijke D'Haese
BACKGROUND: Most coffee in Ethiopia is produced by smallholder farmers who face a daily struggle to get sufficient income but also to feed their families. At the same time, many smallholder coffee producers are members of cooperatives. Yet, literature has paid little attention to the effect of cooperatives on combating food insecurity among cash crop producers including coffee farmers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate how coffee cooperative membership may affect food security among coffee farm households in Southwest Ethiopia...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669224/evaluation-of-intussusception-after-monovalent-rotavirus-vaccination-in-africa
#17
Jacqueline E Tate, Jason M Mwenda, George Armah, Bhavin Jani, Richard Omore, Ayesheshem Ademe, Hilda Mujuru, Evans Mpabalwani, Bagrey Ngwira, Margaret M Cortese, Richard Mihigo, Hope Glover-Addy, Mwajabu Mbaga, Francis Osawa, Amezene Tadesse, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Julia Simwaka, Nigel Cunliffe, Benjamin A Lopman, Goitom Weldegebriel, Daniel Ansong, David Msuya, Billy Ogwel, Thomas Karengera, Portia Manangazira, Bruce Bvulani, Catherine Yen, Felicitas R Zawaira, Clement T Narh, Lazaro Mboma, Peter Saula, Fasil Teshager, Halle Getachew, Rebecca M Moeti, Christabel Eweronu-Laryea, Umesh D Parashar
BACKGROUND: Postlicensure evaluations have identified an association between rotavirus vaccination and intussusception in several high- and middle-income countries. We assessed the association between monovalent human rotavirus vaccine and intussusception in lower-income sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: Using active surveillance, we enrolled patients from seven countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) who had intussusception that met international (Brighton Collaboration level 1) criteria...
April 19, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666698/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-and-associated-factors-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-suspected-patients-attending-university-of-gondar-hospital-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#18
Yalewayker Tegegne, Tadelo Wondmagegn, Ligabaw Worku, Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke
Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the major public health problems in developing countries. Hence, it is significant to explore coinfection with intestinal parasites and pulmonary tuberculosis because coinfection increases the complexity of control and prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis and parasitic diseases. Objective: To assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites among pulmonary tuberculosis suspected patients. Method: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted at University of Gondar Hospital from March to May, 2017...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665856/job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-working-at-western-amhara-region-ethiopia
#19
Kalkidan Temesgen, Moges Wubie Aycheh, Cheru Tesema Leshargie
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia assuring the satisfaction of health care provider with their job is a major challenging problem. Job satisfaction is a worker's emotional response to different job related factors resulting in finding pleasure, comfort, confidence, rewards, personal growth and various positive opportunities, including upward mobility, recognition, and appraisal done on a merit pattern with monetary value as compensation. Professionals, whose needs and expectations are satisfied, tend to be more productive compared to their colleagues...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#20
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
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