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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821907/immigration-to-israel-during-childhood-is-associated-with-diabetes-at-adolescence-a-study-of-2-7-million-adolescents
#1
Alon Peled, Barak Gordon, Gilad Twig, Joseph Mendlovic, Estela Derazne, Michal Lisnyansky, Itamar Raz, Arnon Afek
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Immigration studies can shed light on diabetes pathogenesis and risk factors. To this end, we investigated the association between age at immigration and diabetes occurrence at adolescence among immigrants to Israel. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data on 2,721,767 Jewish adolescents assessed for mandatory military service at approximately 17 years of age between 1967 and 2014. The study population comprised 430,176 immigrants with origins in Ethiopia, former USSR, Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA) and western countries...
August 19, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820718/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-rural-health-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#2
Amy Guo, J Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser
Safe and sufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) prevent the spread of disease in health-care facilities (HCFs). Little research has been conducted on WaSH in HCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out a cross-sectional study of WaSH in 1,318 randomly selected rural HCF (hospitals, health centers, health posts, and clinics) in regions throughout Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Methods included questionnaires with head doctors and nurses to document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity and reliability, and analysis of drinking water samples for Escherichia coli...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#3
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819509/prevalence-and-intensity-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-school-children-of-mendera-elementary-school-jimma-southwest-ethiopia
#4
Ephrem Tefera, Tariku Belay, Seleshi Kebede Mekonnen, Ahmed Zeynudin, Tefera Belachew
INTRODUCTION: Soil transmitted helminths are wide spread in developing countries and in Ethiopia the prevalence of STHs varies in different parts of the country. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil transmitted helminths among school children of Mendera Elementary School Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March 29 and April 9, 2010 to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil transmitted helminths among elementary school children...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819508/perceived-risk-of-reinfection-among-individuals-treated-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-northern-ethiopia-implication-for-use-in-clinical-practice
#5
Mache Tsadik, Yemane Berhane, Alemayehu Worku, Wondwossen Terefe
INTRODUCTION: The prevention of reinfection of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is highly dependent on the level of risk perception and the subsequent adoption of preventive behaviors. While perceived risk is assumed to be key to adoption of preventive measures, the evidence regarding the predictors of perceived risk to STI reinfection are limited. METHODS: This paper is based on a cross sectional facility based survey conducted in North Ethiopia from January to June; 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819501/hiv-infected-adolescents-have-low-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#6
Naod Firdu, Fikre Enquselassie, Degu Jerene
INTRODUCTION: For antiretroviral therapy (ART) to work effectively, adherence is very crucial. However, most studies done on ART adherence are either on children or on adults. There is limited information on the level of adherence among adolescents. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we interviewed 273 HIV-infected adolescents receiving ART from three hospitals in Addis Ababa. We used a structured questionnaire to measure adherence levels using patient self-reports...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816489/the-path-to-an-autism-spectrum-disorders-diagnosis-in-ethiopia-parent-perspective
#7
Waganesh A Zeleke, Tammy Hughes, Morgan Chitiyo
This study explores the common characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and the available diagnostic and intervention currently practiced for children with ASDs in Ethiopia based on parents' experience. Data gathered from 100 parents in Ethiopia detail the difficulties families face when they suspect their child has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The data indicate Ethiopian parents pursued a diagnosis of ASD after noting common ASD behaviors such as hand flapping and unusual attachments to objects...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814285/quality-of-midwife-provided-intrapartum-care-in-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia
#8
Tegbar Yigzaw, Fantu Abebe, Lalem Belay, Yewulsew Assaye, Equlinet Misganaw, Ashebir Kidane, Desalegn Ademie, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg, Young-Mi Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite much progress recently, Ethiopia remains one of the largest contributors to the global burden of maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. Ethiopia's plan to meet the sustainable development goals for maternal and child health includes unprecedented emphasis on improving quality of care. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of midwifery care during labor, delivery and immediate postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using multiple data collection methods and a 2-stage cluster sampling technique was conducted from January 25 to February 14, 2015 in government health facilities of the Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia...
August 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812639/late-pliocene-environmental-change-during-the-transition-from-australopithecus-to-homo
#9
Joshua R Robinson, John Rowan, Christopher J Campisano, Jonathan G Wynn, Kaye E Reed
It has long been hypothesized that the transition from Australopithecus to Homo in eastern Africa was linked to the spread of open and arid environments near the Plio-Pleistocene boundary, but data for the latest Pliocene are scarce. Here we present new stable carbon isotope data from the late Pliocene mammalian fauna from Ledi-Geraru, in the lower Awash Valley (LAV), Ethiopia, and mammalian community analyses from the LAV and Turkana Basin. These data, combined with pedogenic carbonate stable isotopes, indicate that the two regions were largely similar through the Plio-Pleistocene, but that important environmental differences existed during the emergence of Homo around 2...
May 15, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812009/the-bacteriological-quality-safety-and-antibiogram-of-salmonella-isolates-from-fresh-meat-in-retail-shops-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#10
Melkamnesh Azage, Mulugeta Kibret
The habit of raw meat consumption in addition to the poor hygienic standards and lack of knowledge contribute to food-borne diseases outbreaks. The objective of this research was to assess the bacterial quality and safety of fresh meat from retail Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. A total of 30 fresh meat samples were collected from butcher shops. Standard bacteriological methods were used to isolate and enumerate bacteria. Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Salmonella isolates...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811893/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-health-facilities-of-yirgacheffe-town-gedeo-zone-southern-ethiopia
#11
Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu, Yadeshi Demisse Siyoum
BACKGROUND: Obstetric danger signs are not the literal obstetric complications, merely symptoms that are well named by non-clinical personnel. The identification of these danger signs and its relation with complications during pregnancy would increase the capacity of women, their partners and families to seek for timely health care, following the appropriate steps to insure a safe birth and post-partum. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Yirgacheffe town, Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810887/dietary-diversity-and-meal-frequency-among-infant-and-young-children-a-community-based-study
#12
Aysheshim Kassahun Belew, Bekrie Mohammed Ali, Zegeye Abebe, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Insufficient quantities, frequencies, and inadequate quality of complementary feedings have a negative effect on child health and growth, especially in the first two years of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the minimum dietary diversity, meal frequency and its associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months at Dabat District, northwest, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community- based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 15 to March 10, 2016...
August 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810868/nontuberculosis-mycobacteria-are-the-major-causes-of-tuberculosis-like-lesions-in-cattle-slaughtered-at-bahir-dar-abattoir-northwestern-ethiopia
#13
Anwar Nuru, Aboma Zewude, Temesgen Mohammed, Biniam Wondale, Laikemariam Teshome, Muluwork Getahun, Gezahegne Mamo, Girmay Medhin, Rembert Pieper, Gobena Ameni
BACKGROUND: The main cause of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is believed to be Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). Nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) are neglected but opportunistic pathogens and obstacles for bTB diagnosis. This study aimed to isolate and characterize the mycobacteria organisms involved in causing TB-like lesions in cattle in northwestern Ethiopia. RESULTS: A total of 2846 carcasses of cattle were inspected for TB lesions. Ninety six tissues (including lymph nodes such as submandibular, retropharyngeal, tonsilar, mediatinal, bronchial and mesenteric, and organs such as lung, liver and kidney) with suspicious TB lesion(s) were collected and cultured on Lowenstein-Jensen medium...
August 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810864/molecular-determination-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-raw-meat-in-addis-ababa-and-bishoftu-ethiopia
#14
Yohannes Equar Messele, Reta Duguma Abdi, Shimels Tikuye Yalew, Desiye Tesfaye Tegegne, Bezina Arega Emeru, Gebremeskel Mamu Werid
BACKGROUND: Consumption of meat contaminated by E. coli causes a serious illness and even death to affected individuals. Recently the emerging of antibiotic resistant foodborne E. coli poses serious public health risks worldwide. However, little is known about the antibiotic resistance profile of E. coli in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) status of E. coli isolated from different type of meat. METHODS: Overall 292 samples were collected from December 2015 to April 2016 from slaughterhouses to determine the prevalence and AMR of E...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809921/first-choice-of-treatment-place-in-the-pathways-to-epileptic-care-at-the-outpatient-department-of-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-cross-sectional-institutional-based-study
#15
Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Wondale Getinet Alemu
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy treatment gap range from 87% to 98%. In spite of this, there is a gross inadequacy of the availability, accessibility and affordability of Anti-Epileptic Drugs. In countries like Ethiopia, where most populations are less aware about mental health problems, most people seek help for their illness from traditional healers. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to assess the pathways to epilepsy care and associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design utilized among 409 participants selected by systematic random sampling technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808588/appropriate-weaning-practice-and-associated-factors-among-infants-and-young-children-in-northwest-ethiopia
#16
Liknaw Bewket Zeleke, Mengistu Welday Gebremichael, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Kelemeu Abebe Gelaw
BACKGROUND: The right nutrition from the start of a pregnancy to the child's second birthday has a profound impact on the future health, wellbeing, and success of a child. This can be achieved through proper maternal nutrition during pregnancy, exclusive breastfeeding, and appropriate weaning practice. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at assessing appropriate weaning practice and associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Feres Bet Town, Northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807627/measles-immunity-gaps-and-the-progress-towards-elimination-a-multi-country-modelling-analysis
#17
Filippo Trentini, Piero Poletti, Stefano Merler, Alessia Melegaro
BACKGROUND: The persistent circulation of measles in both low-income and high-income countries requires a better characterisation of present epidemiological trends and existing immunity gaps across different sociodemographic settings. Serological surveys, which provide direct measures of population protection against the infection, are underexploited and often supply fragmentary estimates of population immunity. This study aims to investigate how measles immunity has changed over time across different socioeconomic settings, as a result of demographic changes and past immunisation policies...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803088/treat-the-pain-program
#18
Megan O'Brien, Amanda Schwartz, Laura Plattner
CONTEXT: Globally, low and middle-income countries are home to 70% of cancer deaths and 99% of HIV deaths, but they consume just 7% of opioid analgesics. OBJECTIVE: The American Cancer Society's Treat the Pain program partners with governments in low and middle-income countries to improve access to high-quality essential pain medicines. METHOD: Treat the Pain has developed the MORPHINE Framework to provide a structure to describe challenges to access to pain relief and to group and sequence interventions to address these challenges...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797286/prevalence-and-drug-susceptibility-pattern-of-group-b-streptococci-gbs-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-anc-in-nekemte-referral-hospital-nrh-nekemte-ethiopia
#19
Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist, Olifan Zewdie, Adugna Belew, Regea Dabsu
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and drug susceptibility pattern of group B Streptococci (GBS) among pregnant women. The specific objectives include; (1) To determine the prevalence of GBS colonization among pregnant women (2) To determine the drug susceptibility pattern of GBS among pregnant women and (3) To identify associated risk factors with GBS colonization among pregnant women. RESULTS: The median age of the participants was 24...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#20
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
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