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Student veteran

Brian T Gregg, Dana M Howell, Anne Shordike
An increasing number of U.S. military veterans are entering postsecondary education with problems attributed to deployed military service. The primary objective of this research was to describe the lived experiences of student veterans transitioning from active military service to postsecondary education. Phenomenological interviews were performed with 13 student veterans who had transitioned from military deployment to postsecondary education. An overall essential meaning of "emerging in college culture" was manifested from three themes, supported by rich textural and structural descriptions of student veterans' experiences: (1) repurposing military experiences for life as a student veteran, (2) reconstructing civilian identity, and (3) navigating postsecondary context and interactions...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Edna Ruiz Magpantay-Monroe
The military and veteran populations in the U. S. state of Hawaii have a strong presence in the local communities. It was this substantial presence that provided the impetus to integrate military and veteran health into a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) curriculum. This exploratory study investigated the relationship between the integration of military and veteran health into a psychiatric mental health BSN curriculum and nursing students' understanding of the many facets of military veterans' health...
October 6, 2016: Nurse Education Today
James G Smith, Ruvanee P Vilhauer, Vanessa Chafos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess military veterans' functioning in college by comparing their experience to that of civilian students. PARTICIPANTS: The study, conducted from April, 2012 to February, 2013, included 445 civilian and 61 student service member/veteran (SSM/V) undergraduates, drawn from a community college and two four-year Catholic colleges, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous online surveys...
October 10, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Emily K Penner
This paper examines the effect of Teach For America (TFA) on the distribution of student achievement in elementary school. It extends previous research by estimating quantile treatment effects (QTE) to examine how student achievement in TFA and non-TFA classrooms differs across the broader distribution of student achievement. It also updates prior distributional work on TFA by correcting for previously unidentified missing data and estimating unconditional, rather than conditional QTE. Consistent with previous findings, results reveal a positive impact of TFA teachers across the distribution of math achievement...
2016: Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness
Jocelyn L Tan-Shalaby, Jennifer Carrick, Krystal Edinger, Dana Genovese, Andrew D Liman, Vida A Passero, Rashmikant B Shah
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional mitochondrial processes limit malignant cells ability to use energy from fatty acids and ketones. Animal studies using ketogenic diets for cancer show encouraging results. We tested the diet's safety and feasibility in cancer patients across a broad variety of solid tumors. METHODS: We recruited 17 advanced cancer patients who were not on chemotherapy. They consumed 20 to 40 g of carbohydrates daily with evaluations performed weekly until week 4, then every 4 weeks until 16 weeks...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
Dawson Church, Garret Yount, Kenneth Rachlin, Louis Fox, Jerrod Nelms
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of measuring changes in gene expression associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment using emotional freedom techniques (EFT). DESIGN: Participants were randomized into an EFT group receiving EFT and treatment as usual (TAU) throughout a 10-week intervention period and a group receiving only TAU during the intervention period and then receiving EFT. SETTING: A community clinic and a research institute in California...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Edwin R Griff
In the present article, a veteran lecturer of human anatomy and physiology taught several sections of the laboratory component for the first time and shares his observations and analysis from this unique perspective. The article discusses a large-enrollment, content-heavy anatomy and physiology course in relationship to published studies on learning and student self-efficacy. Changes in the laboratory component that could increase student learning are proposed. The author also points out the need for research to assess whether selective curricular changes could increase the depth of understanding and retention of learned material...
September 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, Marissa P Grotzke, J Peter Beck, Jeffery T Berdan, Jorie M Butler, Caroline K Milne, Tim Huhtala, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are common, and a recent US Bone and Joint Initiative calls for new models of education and professional collaboration. Evidence of feasibility and acceptability of innovative methods are needed. OBJECTIVE: We assessed if an experimental immersion interdisciplinary MSK curriculum would be acceptable to residents from different specialties, be feasible within existing rotations, and be effective in strengthening clinical skills...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Lynn Gettrust, Mary Hagle, Lesley Boaz, Margaret Bull
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the processes of exploring and implementing an academic-clinical study, engaging nursing staff in research, and maintaining their enthusiasm within the context of an academic-clinical research partnership. DESCRIPTION: The core competencies of the clinical nurse specialist (CNS) role address evidence-based practice, quality improvement, and research. Studies and exemplars of the CNS role in the literature illustrate expert practitioner and facilitator of evidence-based practice, but less attention is given to methods used by the CNS to engage staff in clinical research...
July 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Eric Kubat, Nicholas J Giori, Kimberly Hwa, Dan Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity exacerbates pre-existing musculoskeletal disease and joint pain. This may limit physical activity in obese individuals. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the disease burden and impact of osteoarthritis of the lumbar back, hip, knee, and ankle in veterans undergoing bariatric surgery. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective bariatric database of operations performed at a single Veterans Affairs medical center...
February 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Elizabeth Czekanski
Nurse leaders in the mental health field are challenged to ensure the mental health environment is safe and therapeutic. They must also continually evaluate whether nurses are effectively engaging therapeutically with patients in their care. Undergraduate nursing students and practicing nurses usually receive little or no training in facilitating nurse-led groups. Nurses who are trained and capable of facilitating groups may enhance therapeutic relationships and engage patients to improve treatment outcomes...
July 2016: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek, Kevin Andrew Harmon, Yuki Shigemoto
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the extent to which personal growth initiative (PGI) may predict posttraumatic stress and growth in student service members/veterans (SSM/V). PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 136 SSM/V (79% men) representing multiple branches of the armed forces. Forty-four percent of participants reported having combat experience. METHODS: Data collection occurred from October 2013 to February 2014. Data were collected via a Web-based survey that included demographics and measures of personal growth initiative, posttraumatic stress, posttraumatic growth, and perceived social support...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Eric R Pedersen, Grant N Marshall, Terry L Schell
BACKGROUND: Young adult veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan represent a population at-risk for heavy and problematic alcohol use. Unfortunately, few seek treatment for alcohol concerns and those that do seek care may drop out from lengthy multicomponent treatments. Additionally, veterans who live in rural areas and those who are not engaged in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System are often overlooked, difficult to engage in treatment, and may not be actively seeking treatment for heavy patterns of use that may develop into an alcohol use disorder...
2016: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
T Michael Kashner, Debbie L Hettler, Robert A Zeiss, David C Aron, David S Bernett, Judy L Brannen, John M Byrne, Grant W Cannon, Barbara K Chang, Mary B Dougherty, Stuart C Gilman, Gloria J Holland, Catherine P Kaminetzky, Annie B Wicker, Sheri A Keitz
OBJECTIVE: To assess how changes in curriculum, accreditation standards, and certification and licensure competencies impacted how medical students and physician residents value interprofessional team and patient-centered care. PRIMARY DATA SOURCE: The Department of Veterans Affairs Learners' Perceptions Survey (2003-2013). The nationally administered survey asked a representative sample of 56,569 U.S. medical students and physician residents, with a comparison group of 78,038 nonphysician trainees, to rate satisfaction with 28 elements, in two overall domains, describing their clinical learning experiences at VA medical centers...
March 18, 2016: Health Services Research
Constance L Swenty, Gina L Schaar, Ryan M Butler
Veterans are challenged with multiple unique healthcare issues related to their military service environment. Likewise, health care providers must understand the special concerns associated with military conflict and recognize how the veteran's care can be optimized by interprofessional care delivery. Little is taught didactically or clinically that supports nursing students in addressing the unique issues of the veteran or the student's need to work collaboratively with allied health team members to enhance the veteran's care...
February 4, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Mary Beth Miller, Emma I Brett, Eleanor L Leavens, Ellen Meier, Brian Borsari, Thad R Leffingwell
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to inform future interventions for heavy alcohol use and problems among college students by examining the utility of normative perceptions and coping strategies in predicting alcohol use among student service members/Veterans (SSM/Vs). METHODS: SSM/Vs and civilian students (N=319) at a large university in the Southern Plains completed self-report measures of demographics, alcohol use and related behaviors, and coping strategies...
June 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Richard A Serrao, Jay D Orlander
In this article, the authors reexamine the Ambulatory Diagnostic and Treatment Center (ADTC) model, which uniquely combines the education of trainees with the care of referred patients at one Veterans Affairs medical center. As an ambulatory clinic with an inpatient mind-set, the ADTC uses a series of closely spaced outpatient appointments that are longer than typical ambulatory visits, offering a VIP-level of evaluation with the patient-centered goal of expedited diagnosis and treatment. Faculty triage patients by weighing factors such as urgency, educational value, complexity, and instability of diseases in conjunction with the resources, availability, and appropriateness of other services within the medical center...
May 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Hsiao Lu Lee, Shu-He Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang
BACKGROUND: The Taiwan Nursing Accreditation Council has proposed eight core professional nursing qualities including ethical literacy. Consequently, nursing ethics education is a required course for student nurses. These courses are intended to improve the ethical literacy. Moral sensitivity is the cornerstone of ethical literacy, and learning moral sensitivity is the initial step towards developing ethical literacy. OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of nursing ethics educational interventions based on multiple teaching strategies on student nurses moral sensitivity...
January 27, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Dominic J Vitello, Joy Beach-Bachmann, Joseph M Vitello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the results and complications among obese veterans undergoing sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass at a low-volume center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of bariatric procedures performed by a single surgeon from 2009-2013. Outcomes of interest were mortality, complications, and length of stay. Weight loss and comorbidity resolution were compared between sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
August 2016: Obesity Surgery
C Scott Smith, Winslow G Gerrish, Melanie Nash, Amber Fisher, Adam Brotman, Deborah Smith, Ami Student, Melissa Green, Jodie Donovan, Melissa Dreffin
In 2011, the US Department of Veterans Affairs established five Centers of Excellence to study training in the patient-centered medical home clinical microsystem. Early on, our center began a discourse analysis in order to better understand each profession's assumptions about roles, responsibilities, and the basis for "truth" in clinical care. We discovered that these different discourses were pervasive and led to unhelpful stereotypes of each other. This article describes the evidence we identified that led us to hypothesize these conflicting discourses and stereotypes...
2015: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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