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Competitive endogenous RNA

Jin-Hua He, Bao-Xia Li, Ze-Ping Han, Mao-Xian Zou, Li Wang, Yu-Bing Lv, Jia-Bin Zhou, Ming-Rong Cao, Yu-Guang Li, Jing-Zhi Zhang
Rapidly accumulated evidence has shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) disregulation is involved in human tumorigenesis in many cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). LncRNAs can regulate essential pathways that contribute to tumor initiation and progression with tissue specificity, which suggests that lncRNAs could be valuable biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3), also known as differential display code 3 (DD3), is one such lncRNA that maps to chromosome 9q21-22. PCA3 expression is highly specific to PCa...
October 14, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Kamalika Sen, Arijita Sarkar, Ranjan Kumar Maji, Zhumur Ghosh, Sanjib Gupta, Tapash Chandra Ghosh
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased proliferation or abnormal accumulation of granulocytic cell line without the depletion of their capacity to differentiate. A reciprocal chromosomal translocation proceeding to the 'Philadelphia chromosome', involving the ABL proto-oncogene and BCR gene residing on Chromosome 9 and 22 respectively, is observed to be attributed to CML pathogenesis. Recent studies have been unraveling the crucial role of genomic 'dark matter' or the non-coding repertoire in cancer initiation and progression...
October 12, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Shou-Hua Wang, Fei Ma, Zhao-Hui Tang, Xiao-Cai Wu, Qiang Cai, Ming-Di Zhang, Ming-Zhe Weng, Di Zhou, Jian-Dong Wang, Zhi-Wei Quan
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 has been reported to involve in many kinds of human cancers and functions as an oncogene. Our previous study found that H19 was over-expressed in gallbladder cancer (GBC) and was shown to promote tumor development in GBC. However, the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network involving H19 in GBC progression has not been fully elucidated. We aim to detect the role of H19 as a ceRNA in GBC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the expression of H19 and miR-342-3p were analyzed in 35 GBC tissues and matched normal tissues by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Lei Chang, Yufeng Yuan, Cuicui Li, Tao Guo, Haolong Qi, Yusha Xiao, Xu Dong, Zhisu Liu, Quanyan Liu
Emerging evidence suggests that small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and their host genes (SNHGs) have malfunctioning roles in the development of human cancers. We globally investigated the molecular mechanisms by which snoRNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression using human tissues and cell lines. We found that SNHG6 is overexpressed in HCC tissues and in hepatoma cell lines and is closely associated with histologic grade, hepatitis B virus DNA, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage and portal vein tumor thrombus in patients with HCC...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
Matthew J Hill, Richard Killick, Katherinne Navarrete, Aleksandra Maruszak, Gemma M McLaughlin, Brenda P Williams, Nicholas J Bray
BACKGROUND: Common variants in the TCF4 gene are among the most robustly supported genetic risk factors for schizophrenia. Rare TCF4 deletions and loss-of-function point mutations cause Pitt-Hopkins syndrome, a developmental disorder associated with severe intellectual disability. METHODS: To explore molecular and cellular mechanisms by which TCF4 perturbation could interfere with human cortical development, we experimentally reduced the endogenous expression of TCF4 in a neural progenitor cell line derived from the developing human cerebral cortex using RNA interference...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Lionello Bossi, Nara Figueroa-Bossi
Many bacterial regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs) have several mRNA targets, which places them at the centre of regulatory networks that help bacteria to adapt to environmental changes. However, different mRNA targets of any given sRNA compete with each other for binding to the sRNA; thus, depending on relative abundances and sRNA affinity, competition for regulatory sRNAs can mediate cross-regulation between bacterial mRNAs. This 'target-centric' perspective of sRNA regulation is reminiscent of the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) hypothesis, which posits that competition for a limited pool of microRNAs (miRNAs) in higher eukaryotes mediates cross-regulation of mRNAs...
September 19, 2016: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Daniel Sánchez-Taltavull, Matthew MacLeod, Theodore J Perkins
MOTIVATION: In competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks, different mRNAs targeted by the same miRNA can 'cross-talk' by absorbing miRNAs and relieving repression on the other mRNAs. This creates correlations in mRNA expression even without direct interaction. Most previous theoretical study of cross-talk has focused on correlations in stochastic fluctuations of mRNAs around their steady state values. However, the experimentally known examples of cross-talk do not involve single-cell fluctuations, but rather bulk tissue-level changes between conditions, such as due to differentiation or disease...
September 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
Na Fu, Xuemin Niu, Yang Wang, Huijuan Du, Baoyu Wang, Jinghua Du, Ya Li, Rongqi Wang, Yuguo Zhang, Suxian Zhao, Dianxing Sun, Liang Qiao, Yuemin Nan
Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA)-activated by transforming growth factor-beta (LncRNA-ATB) is a key regulator of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway, and is positively correlated with the development of liver cirrhosis and vascular invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of LncRNA-ATB in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver fibrosis remains largely unknown. In the present study, we confirmed a high expression level of LncRNA-ATB in the liver tissues and plasma samples of patients with HCV-related hepatic fibrosis, and the plasma level of LncRNA-ATB was significantly correlated with liver fibrosis stages...
August 2016: Discovery Medicine
Jinbao Sun, Haipeng Chu, Jianghai Ji, Gaoxiang Huo, Qinglei Song, Xue Zhang
The long non-coding RNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) has been found overexpressed in many human malignancies and involved in tumor progression and metastasis. However, little is known about the potential biological roles of HOTAIR in tumor escape. In the present study, the expression of HOTAIR was detected in 59 paired cervical cancer tissue samples by real-time PCR and then subjected to correlation analysis with clinical features. The effects of HOTAIR on cervical cancer cells as well as the expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G were studied by overexpression and RNA interference approaches...
September 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Yang An, Kendra L Furber, Shaoping Ji
The concept of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) was first proposed by Salmena and colleagues. Evidence suggests that pseudogene RNAs can act as a 'sponge' through competitive binding of common miRNA, releasing or attenuating repression through sequestering miRNAs away from parental mRNA. In theory, ceRNAs refer to all transcripts such as mRNA, tRNA, rRNA, long non-coding RNA, pseudogene RNA and circular RNA, because all of them may become the targets of miRNA depending on spatiotemporal situation. As binding of miRNA to the target RNA is not 100% complementary, it is possible that one miRNA can bind to multiple target RNAs and vice versa...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
C Cao, T Zhang, D Zhang, L Xie, X Zou, L Lei, D Wu, L Liu
The expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the functions and contributions of lncRNAs remain largely unknown. Here, we identified a critical role of SNHG6-003 in HCC. We found that five SNHG6 transcripts were differentially expressed in HCC tissues while only the SNHG6-003 had an oncogenic function. Ectopic expression of SNHG6-003 in HCC cells promoted cell proliferation and induced drug resistance, whereas SNHG6-003 knockdown promoted apoptosis...
August 15, 2016: Oncogene
Qian Liu, Xu Gao, Shengshun Que, Xi Yang, Hongxia Fan, Min Liu, Xin Li, Hua Tang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can regulate gene expression at different levels and are widely participate in various physiological and pathological processes. Emerging evidences suggests that a number of differentially expressed lncRNAs are involved in tumorigenesis. However, the function and expression regulation of a vast majority of these unique RNAs is little known. Here, we found that the lncRNA Ras suppressor protein 1 pseudogene 2 (RSU1P2) is upregulateded in cervical cancer tissues and has a tumour-promoting role...
July 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Xiangjian Chen, Hua Zhu, Xiaoli Wu, Xuemeng Xie, Guanli Huang, Xiaoqun Xu, Shi Li, Chungen Xing
Accumulating evidence indicates that deregulation of cancer-associated pseudogene is involved in the pathogenesis of cancer. In the study, we demonstrated that pseudogene CTNNAP1, for the CTNNA1 gene, was dysregulated in colorectal cancer and the degree of dysregulation was remarkably associated with tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (P<0.05). The mechanistic experiments revealed that pseudogene CTNNAP1 played a pivotal role in the regulation of its cognate gene CTNNA1 by competition for microRNA-141. Moreover, gain-of-function approaches showed that overexpression of CTNNAP1 or CTNNA1 significantly inhibited cell proliferation and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo by inducing G0/G1 cell cycle arrest...
July 25, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhongbao Zhang, Jiajing Cheng, Yi Wu, Jin Qiu, Yi Sun, Xiaowen Tong
Increasing evidence suggests that the long non-coding RNA, HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) is widely involved in the progression and metastasis of cancer. However, the specific role of HOTAIR in ovarian carcinogenesis remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the levels of HOTAIR were detected in 30 paired cancer and noncancer tissues using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. The effect of HOTAIR on the ovarian cancer cells was examined by overexpression or small interfering RNA interference experiments...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Gang Zou, Te Liu, Lihe Guo, Yongyi Huang, Ya Feng, Qin Huang, Tao Duan
In this study, we observed a great reduction in the expression of the endogenous long noncoding RNA ROR (lncRNA-ROR) and the stem cell transcription factor Sox2, in contrast to a marked increase in miR-145 expression, during the course of in vitro induced differentiation of human amniotic epithelial stem cells (HuAECs). Bioinformatics analysis and the luciferase reporter assay revealed binding of miR-145 to specific sites in lncRNA-ROR and Sox2, silencing their expression. Overexpression of a lncRNA-ROR-specific siRNA effectively downregulated the expression levels of Sox2 and other stem cell markers in HuAECs while weakening the efficiency of HuAEC differentiation into β islet-like cells...
October 10, 2016: Gene
Mara Maldotti, Danny Incarnato, Francesco Neri, Anna Krepelova, Stefania Rapelli, Francesca Anselmi, Caterina Parlato, Giulia Basile, Daniela Dettori, Raffaele Calogero, Salvatore Oliviero
In mammals the cell-cycle progression through the G1 phase is a tightly regulated process mediated by the transcriptional activation of early genes in response to mitogenic stimuli, whose dysregulation often leads to tumorigenesis. We here report the discovery by RNA-seq of cell-cycle regulated (CCR) long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs), potentially involved in the control of the cell-cycle progression. We identified 10 novel lincRNAs expressed in response to serum treatment in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and in BALB/c fibroblasts, comparably to early genes...
October 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yi Wang, Guihua Lin
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of the competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network between TP53INP1 and E-cadherin on the invasion and migration of glioma. RESULTS: TP53INP1 and E-cadherin mRNA and protein were significantly overexpressed in normal brain tissues compared with glioma tissue specimens and correlated with the grades of glioma negatively. The expression of TP53INP1 and E-cadherin were correlated positively. Patients with higher TP53INP1 or E-cadherin expression had longer overall survival...
October 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Eoin Clancy, Helena Coughlan, Owen Higgins, Teck Wee Boo, Martin Cormican, Louise Barrett, Terry J Smith, Kate Reddington, Thomas Barry
Three duplex molecular beacon based real-time Nucleic Acid Sequence Based Amplification (NASBA) assays have been designed and experimentally validated targeting RNA transcripts for the detection and identification of Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae respectively. Each real-time NASBA diagnostics assay includes an endogenous non-competitive Internal Amplification Control (IAC) to amplify the splice variant 1 mRNA of the Homo sapiens TBP gene from human total RNA. All three duplex real-time NASBA diagnostics assays were determined to be 100% specific for the target species tested for...
August 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Nicholas Paul Casey, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Kazushi Tanimoto, Sachiko Okamoto, Junichi Mineno, Kiyotaka Kuzushima, Hiroshi Shiku, Masaki Yasukawa
Aurora Kinase A is a cancer-associated protein normally involved in the regulation of mitosis. Being over-expressed in a range of cancers, it is a suitable target for cell-based immunotherapy. Gene transfer of T-cell receptor sequences cognisant of HLA-A*0201-restricted Aurora Kinase A antigen has previously been shown to transfer specific immunoreactivity against the target peptide in a Human Lymphocyte Antigen-restricted manner. While T cell receptor gene-transfer has great potential in overcoming the difficulties of isolating and expanding tumour-reactive lymphocytes from a patient's own cells, one hurdle is potential mispairing and competition between exogenous and endogenous T cell receptor chains...
2016: PloS One
Yuze Cao, Peng Wang, Shangwei Ning, Wenbiao Xiao, Bo Xiao, Xia Li
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor associated with a poor prognosis. Cross-talk between competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) plays a critical role in tumor development and physiology. In this study, we present a multi-step computational approach to construct a functional GBM long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-mediated ceRNA network (LMCN) by integrating genome-wide lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles, miRNA-target interactions, functional analyses, and clinical survival analyses. LncRNAs in the LMCN exhibited specific topological features consistent with a regulatory association with coding mRNAs across GBM pathology...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
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