keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urology, surgery, gynaecology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626286/multidetector-ct-of-expected-findings-and-complications-after-hysterectomy
#1
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini
Indicated to manage a variety of disorders affecting the female genital tract, hysterectomy represents the second most common gynaecological operation after caesarean section. Performed via an open, laparoscopic or vaginal approach, hysterectomy is associated with non-negligible morbidity and occasional mortality. Iatrogenic complications represent a growing concern for gynaecologists and may result in prolonged hospitalisation, need for interventional procedures or repeated surgery, renal impairment and malpractice claims...
April 6, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573596/lemierre-s-syndrome-following-perianal-abscess-a-case-report
#2
Qusai Aljarrah, Yara Khazaleh, Mooath Al-Jarrah, Jordan W Oldbury, Ahmad K Abou-Foul
INTRODUCTION: Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is a rare and life-threatening condition characterized by suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV), and a history of head and neck (H&N) sepsis. LS is usually caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum, which is part of the normal flora in the oro-pharynx, and the digestive and urogenital tracts. We here report the first case of LS following perianal sepsis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old man with a painful left neck swelling, dysphagia and worsening sepsis was referred from a peripheral unit where he had an incision and drainage of a perianal abscess a week earlier...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511041/from-whom-do-physicians-obtain-consent-for-surgery
#3
Zahra Jarayedi, Fariba Asghari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and performance of surgical residents regarding the person from whom informed consent should be taken for surgery and from whom the consent is taken in practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in 2013. The population of this study was all residents of urology, surgery, orthopaedic surgery and gynaecology of Tehran and Iran University of Medical Sciences. The study tool was a self-administered questionnaire, containing questions on their knowledge and performance regarding informed consent acquisition from patients with different conditions in terms of age, sex, marital status and their capacity to make treatment decisions...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450803/a-rare-case-of-acute-presentation-of-trocar-site-hernia-from-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#4
Zi Qin Ng, Richard Pemberton, Patrick Tan
Trocar site hernia is not a common acute complication encountered after robot-assisted surgery, especially in the urological cohort of patients. A few case reports of small bowel obstruction secondary to incarceration by trocar site hernia have been described in gynaecological surgery and prostatectomies. As the clinical presentation is non-specific, late diagnosis has significant implication on morbidity and mortality. Here, we present a rare case of a patient with recent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma presented with features of impending bowel obstruction secondary to incarcerated small bowel in the trocar site...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408606/mandatory-completion-of-a-box-trainer-curriculum-prior-to-laparoscopic-apprenticeship-in-the-or-for-surgical-residents-a-before-and-after-study
#5
P Crochet, A Schmitt, C Rambeaud, J P Estrade, G Karsenty, A Torre, A Agostini
INTRODUCTION: Training on laparoscopic box trainer (BT) improves surgical skills in the operating room (OR). Despite a large consensus on the educational value of the BT, its use is currently left up to local initiatives among French residency programs. This study evaluated the impact of a requirement to complete the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) curriculum before starting companionship in the OR. METHODS: This was a "Before and After" study conducted in two French academic hospitals in 2015-2017...
April 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368286/why-laparoscopists-may-opt-for-three-dimensional-view-a-summary-of-the-full-hta-report-on-3d-versus-2d-laparoscopy-by-s-i-c-e-societ%C3%A3-italiana-di-chirurgia-endoscopica-e-nuove-tecnologie
#6
Nereo Vettoretto, Emanuela Foglia, Lucrezia Ferrario, Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Cirocchi, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Giuseppe Currò, Domenico Marchi, Giuseppe Portale, Chiara Gerardi, Umberto Nocco, Michele Tringali, Gabriele Anania, Micaela Piccoli, Gianfranco Silecchia, Mario Morino, Andrea Valeri, Emauele Lettieri
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional view in laparoscopic general, gynaecologic and urologic surgery is an efficient, safe and sustainable innovation. The present paper is an extract taken from a full health technology assessment report on three-dimensional vision technology compared with standard two-dimensional laparoscopic systems. METHODS: A health technology assessment approach was implemented in order to investigate all the economic, social, ethical and organisational implications related to the adoption of the innovative three-dimensional view...
January 24, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359461/risk-factors-for-30-day-complications-after-cancer-surgery-in-geriatric-patients-a-secondary-analysis
#7
K Scholtz, C D Spies, R Mörgeli, R Eckardt, V von Dossow, S Braun, J Sehouli, M Bahra, C G Stief, K-D Wernecke, M Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse the association between severity of complications up to 30 days after surgery and pre-operative nutritional and physical performance parameters. METHODS: The participants were a subsample of the previously published PERATECS study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01278537) and included 517 onco-geriatric patients aged ≥ 65 years, undergoing thoracoabdominal, gynaecological, or urological surgery. Post-operative complications were classified according to the Clavien Classification System (CCS)...
April 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203991/postoperative-delirium-in-indian-patients-following-major-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-risk-factors-and-associations
#8
Vibhawari Dhakharia, Subir Sinha, Jaydip Bhaumik
Postoperative delirium (POD) is not uncommon following major abdominal surgery with its incidence ranging between five and 51%. As cancer affects disproportionately, the population older than 65 years and as delirium is more common in the elderly, surgical oncology patients are at a higher risk of developing POD. The present study was undertaken to explore the impact and associations of POD in Indian patients undergoing oncological major abdominal surgery. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records in a tertiary cancer care institution of all postoperative patients who had undergone major gastrointestinal gynaecological and urological abdominal surgery for cancer and required psycho-oncology referral was performed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132430/hospital-choice-in-germany-from-the-patient-s-perspective-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Werner de Cruppé, Max Geraedts
BACKGROUND: In many countries health policy encourages patients to choose their hospital, preferably by considering information of performance reports. Previous studies on hospital choice mainly have focused on patients undergoing elective surgery. This study examined a representative sample of hospital inpatients across disciplines and treatment interventions in Germany. Its research questions were: How many patients decide where to go for hospital treatment? How much time do patients have before admission? Which sources of information do they use, and which criteria are relevant to their decision? METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study covering 1925 inpatients of 46 departments at 17 hospitals in 2012...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847021/characterisation-and-safety-of-intraperitoneal-perioperative-administration-of-antibacterial-agents-a-systematic-review
#10
Siv Fonnes, Barbara Juliane Holzknecht, Magnus Arpi, Jacob Rosenberg
Background Intraperitoneal drug administration applies treatment at the site of diseases with gynaecological, urological, or gastrointestinal origin. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate perioperative intraperitoneal administration of antibacterial agents to characterise the drugs used and their safety profile. Methods A protocol was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42016038956). A systematic review was conducted and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
December 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577173/surgery-for-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-the-views-of-surgeons-and-women
#11
Douglas G Tincello, Natalie Armstrong, Paul Hilton, Brian Buckley, Christopher Mayne
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objectives were to explore the views of women with recurrent stress incontinence (SUI) with regard to treatment preferences and the acceptability of randomisation to a future trial, and to survey the views of UK specialists on treatment preferences and equipoise regarding different treatment alternatives. METHODS: An online survey of the British Society of Urogynaecology (BSUG) and British Society of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) was carried out...
January 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#12
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
October 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483033/process-to-establish-11-primary-contact-allied-health-pathways-in-a-public-health-service
#13
Michelle Stute, Nicole Moretto, Maree Raymer, Merrilyn Banks, Peter Buttrum, Sonia Sam, Marita Bhagwat, Tracy Comans
Objective Faced with longstanding and increasing demand for specialist out-patient appointments that was unable to be met through usual medical consultant led care, Metro North Hospital and Health Service in 2014-15 established 11 allied health primary contact out-patient models of care.Methods The models involved six different allied health professions and nine specialist out-patient departments.Results All the allied health models have been endorsed for continuation following demonstration of their contribution to managing demand on specialist out-patient services...
May 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374886/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-for-adults-undergoing-transabdominal-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Bjørn Dreijer, Gitte Wrist Lam, Thordis Thomsen, Ann Merete Møller
BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#15
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096064/evaluation-of-financial-burden-following-complications-after-major-surgery-in-france-potential-return-after-perioperative-goal-directed-therapy
#16
Alain Landais, Morgane Morel, Jacques Goldstein, Jerôme Loriau, Annie Fresnel, Corinne Chevalier, Gilles Rejasse, Pascal Alfonsi, Claude Ecoffey
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative goal-directed therapy (PGDT) has been demonstrated to improve postoperative outcomes and reduce the length of hospital stays. The objective of our analysis was to evaluate the cost of complications, derived from French hospital payments, and calculate the potential cost savings and length of hospital stay reductions. METHODS: The billing of 2388 patients who underwent scheduled high-risk surgery (i.e. major abdominal, gynaecologic, urological, vascular, and orthopaedic interventions) over three years was retrospectively collected from three French hospitals (one public-teaching, one public, and one private hospital)...
June 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051764/the-use-of-fibrin-sealant-during-non-emergency-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-of-benefits-and-harms
#17
REVIEW
Steven J Edwards, Fay Crawford, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Andrea Berardi, George Osei-Assibey, Mariana Bacelar, Fatima Salih, Victoria Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Fibrin sealants are used in different types of surgery to prevent the accumulation of post-operative fluid (seroma) or blood (haematoma) or to arrest haemorrhage (bleeding). However, there is uncertainty around the benefits and harms of fibrin sealant use. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of fibrin sealants in non-emergency surgery in adults. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases [MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library (including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, the Health Technology Assessment database and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials)] were searched from inception to May 2015...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798453/patient-completed-preoperative-web-based-anaesthetic-assessment-questionnaire-electronic-personal-assessment-questionnaire-preoperative-development-and-validation
#18
Iain M Goodhart, John C Andrzejowski, Georgina L Jones, Mireille Berthoud, Andy Dennis, Gary H Mills, Stephen C Radley
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, guidelines support the routine use of anaesthetic preoperative assessment (POA), a process that is frequently supported by pro formas and unvalidated questionnaires. Electronic questionnaires can provide reliable data. A local initiative has seen the development of a computerised electronic Personal Assessment Questionnaire (ePAQ). OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a novel electronic instrument for POA. DESIGN: The content and face validity were evaluated in 30 patients...
April 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681586/impact-of-surgical-wound-dehiscence-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N F M Corrêa, M J A de Brito, M M de Carvalho Resende, M F P Duarte, F S Santos, G M Salomé, L M Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of surgical wound dehiscence on health-related quality of life and mental health. Dehiscence of surgical wounds is a serious postoperative complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. METHOD: Sixty-one adult patients, who had undergone neurological, general, colorectal, orthopaedic, gynaecological, plastic, cardiovascular, urological or neurological surgery in a university hospital in Brazil, were assessed between 30 and 180 days after surgery...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440630/covert-stroke-after-non-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
M Mrkobrada, M D Hill, M T V Chan, A Sigamani, D Cowan, A Kurz, D I Sessler, M Jacka, M Graham, M Dasgupta, V Dunlop, D J Emery, I Gulka, G Guyatt, D Heels-Ansdell, J Murkin, S Pettit, D J Sahlas, M Sharma, M Sharma, S Srinathan, P St John, S Tsai, A W Gelb, M O'Donnell, D Siu, P W Y Chiu, V Sharath, A George, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Overt stroke after non-cardiac surgery has a substantial impact on the duration and quality of life. Covert stroke in the non-surgical setting is much more common than overt stroke and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Little is known about covert stroke after non-cardiac, non-carotid artery surgery. METHODS: We undertook a prospective, international cohort study to determine the incidence of covert stroke after non-cardiac, non-carotid artery surgery...
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
24882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"