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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444477/the-microbiome-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
REVIEW
Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Manuel Pestana, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an imbalanced human microbiome due not only to CKD-associated factors such as uremia, increased inflammation and immunosuppression, but also to pharmacological therapies and dietary restrictions. End-stage renal disease patients require renal replacement therapies commonly in the form of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). HD implies the existence of a vascular access, such as an arteriovenous fistula/graft or a venous catheter, whereas PD implies a long-term peritoneal catheter and the constant inflow of peritoneal dialysate...
February 11, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437143/outcomes-of-acinetobacter-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-registry-analysis
#2
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Carmel M Hawley, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil C Boudville, Stephen P McDonald, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter is a rare but important cause of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. As the complication has not been comprehensively evaluated previously, the present study examined the outcomes of Acinetobacter peritonitis in a large, national cohort of PD patients. METHODS: The study included all episodes of peritonitis in Australia from January 2004 to December 2014 using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) data...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429750/arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-in-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-united-states-a%C3%A2-national%C3%A2-study
#3
Kenneth J Woodside, Sarah Bell, Purna Mukhopadhyay, Kaitlyn J Repeck, Ian T Robinson, Ashley R Eckard, Sudipta Dasmunshi, Brett W Plattner, Jeffrey Pearson, Douglas E Schaubel, Ronald L Pisoni, Rajiv Saran
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form of hemodialysis vascular access, but maturation failures occur frequently, often resulting in prolonged catheter use. We sought to characterize AVF maturation in a national sample of prevalent hemodialysis patients in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Nonconcurrent observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Prevalent hemodialysis patients having had at least 1 new AVF placed during 2013, as identified using Medicare claims data in the US Renal Data System...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429201/-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-continuous-blood-purification-in-chinese-pediatric-critical-care
#4
X Yang, S Y Qian, Y M Zhu, X Xu, C F Liu, F Xu, X X Ren, Y Wang, Y C Zhang, G P Lu
Objective: To investigate the current application status of continuous blood purification (CBP) technology and equipment in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to understand the current popularization of CBP technology and equipment, the management of CBP equipment and consumables, and the application of CBP in different diseases. A questionnaire named Application Status of Continuous Blood Purification Technology was applied. Children's hospitals and polyclinic hospitals with the pediatric qualification (pediatric emergency or critical care unit members of Chinese Medical Association and Chinese Medical Doctor Association) were selected...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425537/-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-or-stricture-secondary-to-implanted-central-venous-access-six-cases-of-endovascular-and-direct-surgical-treatment-in-cancer-patients
#5
J M Fichelle, V Baissas, S Salvi, J N Fabiani
Superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis or thrombosis is a well-known complication of central venous catheterization for endocavitary treatments, hemodialysis, or chemotherapy. In cancer patients, these SVC lesions are often symptomatic due to intimal damage and chemotherapy toxicity. We report our experience with six patients treated between 2007 and 2012 via an endovascular approach (n=5) or a direct surgical approach (n=1). All patients had SVC syndrome with facial edema, headache and upper limb edema. In three cases, the catheter was in place when the clinical symptoms occurred...
February 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416468/nonfatal-cardiac-perforation-after-central-venous-catheter-insertion
#6
Vedran Premuzic, Lea Katalinic, Marijan Pasalic, Hrvoje Jurin
Cardiac tamponade caused by perforation of the cardiac wall is a rare complication related to central venous catheter (CVC) placement. A 71-year-old female with a previous history of moderate aortic stenosis and kidney transplantation was admitted to hospital due to global heart failure and worsening of allograft function. Intensified hemodialysis was commenced through a CVC placed in the right subclavian vein. Chest radiography revealed catheter tip in the right atrium and no signs of pneumothorax. Thorough diagnostics outruled immediate life-threatening conditions, such as myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412895/executive-summary-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-clinical-guidelines-of-the-spanish-society-of-clinical-microbiology-and-infectious-diseases-seimc-and-the-spanish-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-and-coronary-units-semicyuc
#7
Fernando Chaves, José Garnacho-Montero, José Luis Del Pozo, Emilio Bouza, José Antonio Capdevila, Marina de Cueto, M Ángeles Domínguez, Jaime Esteban, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Marta Fernández Sampedro, Jesús Fortún, María Guembe, Leonardo Lorente, Jose Ramón Paño, Paula Ramírez, Miguel Salavert, Miguel Sánchez, Jordi Vallés
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) constitute an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. The aim of these guidelines is to provide updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CRBSI in adults. Prevention of CRBSI is excluded. Experts in the field were designated by the two participating Societies (Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica and the Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias)...
February 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406956/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-clinical-guidelines-of-the-spanish-society-of-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-and-seimc-and-the-spanish-society-of-spanish-society-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine-and-coronary
#8
F Chaves, J Garnacho-Montero, J L Del Pozo, E Bouza, J A Capdevila, M de Cueto, M Á Domínguez, J Esteban, N Fernández-Hidalgo, M Fernández Sampedro, J Fortún, M Guembe, L Lorente, J R Paño, P Ramírez, M Salavert, M Sánchez, J Vallés
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) constitute an important cause of hospital-acquired infection associated with morbidity, mortality, and cost. The aim of these guidelines is to provide updated recommendations for the diagnosis and management of CRBSI in adults. Prevention of CRBSI is excluded. Experts in the field were designated by the two participating Societies (the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology and [SEIMC] and the Spanish Society of Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine and Coronary Units [SEMICYUC])...
January 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399534/hemodialysis-access-thrombosis
#9
REVIEW
Keith Bertram Quencer, Rahmi Oklu
For the over 400,000 patients in the United States dependent on hemodialysis, arteriovenous (AV) access thrombosis may lead to missed dialysis sessions, inpatient admissions and the need for placement of temporary dialysis catheters. It is also the leading cause of permanent access loss. Percutaneous declotting is generally preferred over surgical thrombectomy. Various percutaneous approaches can be employed including the lyse-and-wait technique, thromboaspiration, pulse spray aided pharmacomechanical thrombolysis, and use of mechanical thrombectomy device...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393132/emergent-start-peritoneal-dialysis-for-end-stage-renal-disease-outcomes-and-advantages
#10
K Shivanand Nayak, Sreepada V Subhramanyam, Navva Pavankumar, Sinoj Antony, M A Sarfaraz Khan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Initiating renal replacement therapy in late referred patients with central venous catheter (CVC) hemodialysis (HD) causes serious complications. In urgent start peritoneal dialysis, initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 14 days of catheter insertion still needs HD with CVC. We initiated Emergent start PD (ESPD) with Automated PD (APD) at our center within 48 h from the time of presentation. METHODS: A prospective, case-controlled, intention-to-treat study with 56 patients was conducted between March 2016 and August 2017...
January 30, 2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391102/the-burden-of-tunneled-central-venous-catheters-for-hemodialysis-in-a-county-hospital
#11
Eric Pillado, Abraham Korn, Christian de Virgilio, Nina Bowens
Prolonged use of central venous catheters (CVCs) for hemodialysis (HD) is associated with greater morbidity and mortality when compared with autogenous arteriovenous fistulas (AVF). The objective was to assess compliance with CVC guidelines in adults referred for hemoaccess at a county teaching hospital. Out of 256 patients, 172 (67.2%) were male, with a mean age of 50.0 ± 12.4 years. Overall 62.5 per cent initiated dialysis via CVC. Patients were divided into two groups (those with CVC (62.5%) and those without (37...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387512/mycobacteremia-from-crushed-hydromorphone-tablet-injection
#12
Joseph M Banno, Katherine Shield, Krunal Patel, Anupam A Sule
Mycobacterium abscessus is a fast growing, non-tubercular mycobacterium (NTM) found in water. NTM bacteremia is usually seen in immunocompromised patients who have intravascular catheters. Mycobacterium abscessus bacteremia is often caused by exposure to contaminated water supply in hemodialysis units. A 28-year-old female with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, end stage renal disease (on hemodialysis via Ash catheter), and recurrent deep vein thrombosis presented to the hospital with proximal right leg deep vein thrombosis...
November 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386307/a-retrospective-analysis-of-etiology-and-outcomes-of-refractory-capd-peritonitis-in-a-tertiary-care-center-from-north-india
#13
Venkatesh Thammishetti, Anupama Kaul, Dharmendra S Bhadauria, Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Narayan Prasad, Amit Gupta, Raj K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Refractory peritonitis is defined as failure of clearance of peritoneal fluid despite 5 days of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Catheter removal decreases morbidity and mortality. Data on the outcomes of refractory peritonitis and of reinitiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in this group of patients are sparse. The present study analyzed etiology, outcomes, and prognostic factors of refractory peritonitis as well as survival of the reinitiation of the technique. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study that included 90 patients of refractory continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) peritonitis at a tertiary care center in North India...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386303/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-open-versus-laparoscopic-placement-of-a-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-and-outcomes-the-capd-i-trial
#14
Jorinde H van Laanen, Tom Cornelis, Barend M Mees, Elisabeth Litjens, Magda M van Loon, Jan H Tordoir, Arnoud G Peppelenbosch
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best operation technique, open versus laparoscopic, for insertion of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter with regard to clinical success. Clinical success was defined as an adequate function of the catheter 2 - 4 weeks after insertion. METHODS: All patients with end-stage renal disease who were suitable for PD and gave informed consent were randomized for either open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. A previous laparotomy was not considered an exclusion criterion...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383761/reducing-intra-abdominal-pressure-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-to-avoid-transient-hemodialysis
#15
EDITORIAL
Januvi Jegatheswaran, Jeffrey Warren, Deborah Zimmerman
Patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) are often required to switch to hemodialysis (HD) temporarily when they develop abdominal wall hernias and dialysate leaks, peritonitis or undergo thoracic or abdominal surgeries. There are significant risks associated with incident hemodialysis including possible central venous catheter infections, thrombosis, and need for invasive procedures. Therefore, strategies to avoid temporary transfer to hemodialysis are desirable. The increased intra-abdominal pressure associated with PD is largely responsible for the issues requiring withholding PD...
January 30, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349919/analysis-of-follow-up-methods-of-vascular-access-and-patient-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-china
#16
Ying Zhang, Xianglei Kong, Lijun Tang, Yong Wei, Dongmei Xu
Arteriovenous fistula is the preferred option for vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to assess different follow-up methods for hemodialysis patients in our hemodialysis center in China. A cohort of 124 patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease was recruited and double-blind randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in Group A received phone calls to schedule their next consultation a week in advance. Patients in Group B scheduled their next appointment at the end of each visit...
January 19, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349413/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-modified-hero-dialysis-device-in-achieving-early-graft-cannulation-a-single-institution-experience
#17
John W Perry, David Hardy, Shvetank Agarwal, Gautam Agarwal
Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) grafts (Merit Medical Systems, Inc, South Jordan, Utah) provide a means for access in catheter-dependent hemodialysis patients but typically require several weeks for tissue incorporation. Modifying the HeRO graft with an ACUSEAL graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Newark, Del) can allow immediate cannulation, thus reducing catheter dependence time and its associated complications. A retrospective review of patients at our institution from 2013 to 2016 who underwent placement of a modified HeRO dialysis system with ACUSEAL graft was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340455/central-venous-catheter-related-infections-in-patients-receiving-short-term-hemodialysis-therapy-incidence-associated-factors-and-microbiological-aspects
#18
Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Natália Cristina Betoni, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Elen Almeida Romão
INTRODUCTION: Bloodstream infections are the second most common cause of death among patients on hemodialysis. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors associated with central venous catheter-related infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and to identify and characterize the type and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the primary microorganisms isolated during one year of follow-up. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 2014 in a hemodialysis referral center...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335321/effectiveness-and-cost-of-weekly-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-hemodialysis-catheter-locking-solution
#19
Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Braden J Manns, Steven D Soroka, Adeera Levin, Jennifer MacRae, Karthik Tennankore, Jo-Anne S Wilson, Robert G Weaver, Pietro Ravani, Robert R Quinn, Marcello Tonelli, Mercedeh Kiaii, Paula Mossop, Nairne Scott-Douglas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence to guide hemodialysis catheter locking solutions is limited. We aimed to assess effectiveness and cost of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) once per week as a locking solution, compared with thrice weekly citrate or heparin, in patients at high risk of complications. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We used a prospective design and pre-post comparison in three sites across Canada. Pre-post comparisons were conducted using multilevel mixed effects regression models accounting for cluster with site and potential enrollment of patients more than once...
January 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319771/peritoneal-dialysis-as-the-first-dialysis-treatment-option-initially-unplanned
#20
Marcela Lara Mendes, Camila Albuquerque Alves, Edwa Maria Bucuvic, Dayana Bitencourt Dias, Daniela Ponce
Most patients with stage 5 CKD start RRT of unplanned manner. Unplanned dialysis, also known as urgent start, may be defined as hemodialysis (HD) started without permanent vascular access, i.e., using a central venous catheter (CVC), or as peritoneal dialysis (PD) started within seven days after implantation of the catheter, without family training. Although few studies have evaluated the PD as an immediate treatment option for patients starting urgent RRT, theirs results suggest that it is a feasible and safe alternative, with infectious complications and survival similar to patients treated with unplanned HD...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
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