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Jeremy T Ritzert, Wyndham W Lathem
Bacterial pathogenesis depends on changes in metabolic and virulence gene expression in response to changes within a pathogen's environment. The plague-causing pathogen, Yersinia pestis, requires expression of the gene encoding the Pla protease for progression of pneumonic plague. The catabolite repressor protein Crp, a global transcriptional regulator, may serve as the activator of pla in response to changes within the lungs as disease progresses. By using gene reporter fusions, the spatial and temporal activation of the crp and pla promoters was measured in a mouse model of pneumonic plague...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Leonardo da Costa Bastos, Felipe Rodrigues de Souza, Lucas Miguel Pereira Souza, Pat Forgione, Teobaldo Cuya, Ricardo Bicca de Alencastro, Andre Silva Pimentel, Tanos Celmar Costa França
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Nicholas Agyepong, Usha Govinden, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
Background: Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria have emerged as major clinical and therapeutic dilemma in hospitals in Ghana.To describe the prevalence and profile of infections attributable to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: Bacterial cultures were randomly selected from the microbiology laboratory from February to August, 2015. Bacterial identification and minimum inhibitory concentrations were conducted using standard microbiological techniques and the Vitek-2 automated system...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Homero San-Juan-Vergara, Eduardo Zurek, Nadim J Ajami, Christian Mogollon, Mario Peña, Ivan Portnoy, Jorge I Vélez, Christian Cadena-Cruz, Yirys Diaz-Olmos, Leidy Hurtado-Gómez, Silvana Sanchez-Sit, Danitza Hernández, Irina Urruchurtu, Pierina Di-Ruggiero, Ella Guardo-García, Nury Torres, Oscar Vidal-Orjuela, Diego Viasus, Joseph F Petrosino, Guillermo Cervantes-Acosta
HIV infection has a tremendous impact on the immune system's proper functioning. The mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is significantly disarrayed during HIV infection. Compositional changes in the gut microbiota might contribute to the mucosal barrier disruption, and consequently to microbial translocation. We performed an observational, cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating changes in the fecal microbiota of HIV-infected individuals from Colombia. We analyzed the fecal microbiota of 37 individuals via 16S rRNA gene sequencing; 25 HIV-infected patients and 12 control (non-infected) individuals, which were similar in body mass index, age, gender balance and socioeconomic status...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Deepti Chaturvedi, Radhakrishnan Mahalakshmi
Transmembrane β-barrel proteins (OMPs) are highly robust structures for engineering and development of nanopore channels, surface biosensors, and display libraries. Expanding the applications of designed OMPs requires the identification of elements essential for β-barrel scaffold formation and stability. Here, we have designed chimeric 8-stranded OMPs composed of strand hybrids of Escherichia coli OmpX and Yersinia pestis Ail, and identified molecular motifs essential for β-barrel scaffold formation. For the OmpX/Ail chimeras, we find that the central hairpin strands β4-β5 in tandem are vital for β-barrel folding...
March 14, 2018: Biochemistry
Qingyun Dai, Lei Xu, Lu Xiao, Kaixiang Zhu, Yunhong Song, Changfu Li, Lingfang Zhu, Xihui Shen, Yao Wang
Urease acts as an important acid resistance system and virulence factor that is widespread among microorganisms. RovM is a global regulator that regulates a series of genes and pathways including acid survival systems in the enteric bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Yptb) . However, whether RovM regulates the urease activity in Yptb was still unknown. In this study, by using qualitative and quantitative urease assays, we show that the urease expression responds to nutrient conditions and the RovM protein represses urease expression by binding to its promoter...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Petra Schwendner, Maria Bohmeier, Petra Rettberg, Kristina Beblo-Vranesevic, Frédéric Gaboyer, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Alexandra K Perras, Pauline Vannier, Viggó T Marteinsson, Laura Garcia-Descalzo, Felipe Gómez, Moustafa Malki, Ricardo Amils, Frances Westall, Andreas Riedo, Euan P Monaghan, Pascale Ehrenfreund, Patricia Cabezas, Nicolas Walter, Charles Cockell
Growth in sodium chloride (NaCl) is known to induce stress in non-halophilic microorganisms leading to effects on the microbial metabolism and cell structure. Microorganisms have evolved a number of adaptations, both structural and metabolic, to counteract osmotic stress. These strategies are well-understood for organisms in NaCl-rich brines such as the accumulation of certain organic solutes (known as either compatible solutes or osmolytes). Less well studied are responses to ionic environments such as sulfate-rich brines which are prevalent on Earth but can also be found on Mars...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Pooja Sadana, Rebecca Geyer, Joern Pezoldt, Saskia Helmsing, Jochen Huehn, Michael Hust, Petra Dersch, Andrea Scrima
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram-negative bacterium and zoonotic pathogen responsible for a wide range of diseases, ranging from mild diarrhea, enterocolitis, lymphatic adenitis to persistent local inflammation. The Y. pseudotuberculosis invasin D (InvD) molecule belongs to the invasin (InvA)-type autotransporter proteins, but its structure and function remain unknown. In this study, we present the first crystal structure of InvD, analyzed its expression and function in a murine infection model, and identified its target molecule in the host...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mirella Luciani, Maria Schirone, Ottavio Portanti, Pierina Visciano, Gisella Armillotta, Rosanna Tofalo, Giovanna Suzzi, Luigia Sonsini, Tiziana Di Febo
In this study, a new and alternative method based on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for the rapid detection of Yersinia enterocolitica O:8 was developed. This microorganism is an emerging foodborne pathogen causing gastrointestinal disease in humans. The transmission can occur through contaminated food such as raw or undercooked meat, milk and dairy products, water and fresh vegetables. Nine MAbs (46F7, 54B11, 54C11, 62D10, 64C7, 64C10, 72E8, 72E10, 72G6) were characterized and selected versus Y. enterocolitica O:8, and only 2 of them showed also a weak cross-reaction with Campylobacter jejuni...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Dong Han, Yen-Con Hung, Luxin Wang
The goals of this study were to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Neutral electrolyzed oxidizing (NEO) water on E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis and Yersinia enterocolitica in both pure culture and on inoculated pork chops and skin samples, and to investigate the formation of viable but nonculturable (VBNC) pathogens after treatments. Both the plate count method and flow cytometry were used to evaluate antimicrobial efficacy on pure cultures. Different concentrations of NEO water were prepared by diluting the original NEO water (100%) with sterilized deionized water...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Olga V Sizova, Alexander S Shashkov, Anna N Kondakova, Yuriy A Knirel, Rima Z Shaikhutdinova, Sergei A Ivanov, Angelina A Kislichkina, Lidia A Kadnikova, Aleksandr G Bogun, Svetlana V Dentovskaya
Lipopolysaccharide was isolated from bacteria Yersinia intermedia H9-36/83 (O:17) and degraded with mild acid to give an O-specific polysaccharide, which was isolated by GPC on Sephadex G-50 and studied by sugar analysis and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The polysaccharide was found to contain 3-deoxy-3-[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoylamino]-d-fucose (d-Fuc3NR3Hb) and the following structure of the heptasaccharide repeating unit was established: The structure established is consistent with the gene content of the O-antigen gene cluster...
February 28, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Mark L Lawrence, Mansour El-Matbouli
BACKGROUND: Like many members of the Enterobacteriaceae family, Yersinia ruckeri has the ability to invade non professional phagocytic cells. Intracellular location is advantageous for the bacterium because it shields it from the immune system and can help it cross epithelial membranes and gain entry into the host. In the present manuscript, we report on our investigation regarding the mechanisms of Y. ruckeri's invasion of host cells. RESULTS: A gentamycin assay was applied to two isolates, belonging to both the biotype 1 (ATCC 29473) and biotype 2 (A7959-11) and using several cell culture types: Atlantic Salmon Kidney, Salmon Head Kidney and, Chinook salmon embryos cells at both low and high passage numbers...
March 9, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Leah Schwiesow, Erin Mettert, Yahan Wei, Halie K Miller, Natalia G Herrera, David Balderas, Patricia J Kiley, Victoria Auerbuch
Despite the mammalian host actively sequestering iron to limit pathogenicity, heme (or hemin when oxidized) and hemoproteins serve as important sources of iron for many bloodborne pathogens. The HmuRSTUV hemin uptake system allows Yersinia species to uptake and utilize hemin and hemoproteins as iron sources. HmuR is a TonB-dependent outer membrane receptor for hemin and hemoproteins. HmuTUV comprise a inner membrane ABC transporter that transports hemin and hemoproteins from the periplasmic space into the bacterial cytoplasm, where it is degraded by HmuS...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Paula Franczak, Mieczysław Witzling, Wiaczesław Siczewski
Yersiniosis is zoonotic disease caused by infection with Yersinia enterocolictica. The variety of clinical signs and the similarity to other diseases causes major diagnostics and therapeutics difficulties. The authors present a case of Yersinia enterocolitica infection in a 38-year-old patient, mimicking Leśniowski Crohn's disease.
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Sanjeev Kumar, Victoria Hedrick, Seema Mattoo
Pasteurella multocida causes respiratory-tract infections in a broad range of animals, as well as opportunistic infections in humans. P. multocida secretes a multidomain toxin called PfhB2, which contains a YopT-like cysteine protease domain at its C-terminus. The YopT domain of PfhB2 contains a well conserved Cys-His-Asp catalytic triad that defines YopT family members, and shares high sequence similarity with the prototype YopT from Yersinia sp. To date, only one crystal structure of a YopT family member has been reported; however, additional structural information is needed to help characterize the varied substrate specificity and enzymatic action of this large protease family...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
Andrea Constanza Mayordomo, Juan Eduardo Silva, Carolina Virginia Gorlino, José Luis Arias, Walter Berón, María Silvia Di Genaro
Dendritic cells (DCs) play critical functions in the initiation of immune responses. Understanding their role in reactive arthritis (ReA) will help delineate the pathogenesis of this arthropathy. In early studies, we detected IL-12/23p40 deregulation in Yersinia entercolitica (Ye)-induced ReA in TNFRp55-deficient (TNFRp55-/-) mice. In this study, we assessed the contribution of DCs in this overproduction. First, greater levels of IL-12/23p40, IFN-γand IL-17A were confirmed in supernatants of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated TNFRp55-/-splenocytes obtained on arthritis onset (day 14 after Ye infection)...
2018: PloS One
Mosab A Adam, Ji Wang, Khalid-A Enan, Hongwei Shen, Hao Wang, Abdel R El Hussein, Azza B Musa, Isam M Khidir, Xuejun Ma
Diarrheal disease is a major public health problem for children in developing countries. Knowledge of etiology that causes diarrheal illness is essential to implement public health measures to prevent and control this disease. Published studies regarding the situation of childhood diarrhea in Sudan is scanty. This study aims to investigate viral and bacterial etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Khartoum State, Sudan. A total of 437 fecal samples were collected from hospitalized children <5 years old with acute diarrhea, viral and bacterial pathogens were investigated by using two-tube multiplex RT-PCR...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sophia Häfner, Erik Fumi
Article highlight based on "Bioluminescent tracing of a Yersinia pestis pCD1+-mutant and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in subcutaneously infected mice" by Yazhou Zhou et al.
February 24, 2018: Microbes and Infection
Xiangna Zhao, Yujun Cui, Yanfeng Yan, Zongmin Du, Yafang Tan, Huiying Yang, Yujing Bi, Pingping Zhang, Lei Zhou, Dongsheng Zhou, Yanping Han, Yajun Song, Xiaoyi Wang, Ruifu Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Virology
Jin Woo Jun, Se Chang Park, Anu Wicklund, Mikael Skurnik
Yersinia enterocolitica, the primary cause of yersiniosis, is one of the most important foodborne pathogens globally and is associated with the consumption of raw contaminated pork. In the current study, four virulent bacteriophages (phages), one of Podoviridae (fHe-Yen3-01) and three of Myoviridae (fHe-Yen9-01, fHe-Yen9-02, and fHe-Yen9-03), capable of infecting Y. enterocolitica were isolated and characterized. fHe-Yen9-01 had the broadest host range (61.3% of strains, 65/106). It demonstrated a latent period of 35 min and a burst size of 33 plaque-forming units/cell, and was found to have a genome of 167,773 bp with 34...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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