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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911947/the-yersinia-pestis-effector-yopm-inhibits-pyrin-inflammasome-activation
#1
Dmitry Ratner, M Pontus A Orning, Megan K Proulx, Donghai Wang, Mikhail A Gavrilin, Mark D Wewers, Emad S Alnemri, Peter F Johnson, Bettina Lee, Joan Mecsas, Nobuhiko Kayagaki, Jon D Goguen, Egil Lien
Type III secretion systems (T3SS) are central virulence factors for many pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria, and secreted T3SS effectors can block key aspects of host cell signaling. To counter this, innate immune responses can also sense some T3SS components to initiate anti-bacterial mechanisms. The Yersinia pestis T3SS is particularly effective and sophisticated in manipulating the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18, which are typically processed into their mature forms by active caspase-1 following inflammasome formation...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908991/genome-sequence-of-the-fish-pathogen-yersinia-ruckeri-strain-150-isolated-from-diseased-rainbow-trout
#2
Desirée Cascales, José A Guijarro, Pilar Reimundo, Ana I García-Torrico, Jessica Méndez
We present here the draft genome of a pathogenic Yersinia ruckeri strain, isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) affected by enteric redmouth disease. The chromosome has 3,826,775 bp, a GC content of 46.88%, and is predicted to contain 3,538 coding sequences. The data will be useful for comparative pathogenicity studies.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905039/morphogenesis-of-experimental-infection-caused-by-plasmid-variants-of-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis
#3
L M Somova, E I Drobot, N G Plekhova, I N Lyapun, F N Shubin
The dynamics of pathomorphological changes in response to infection with plasmid variants of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was studied in experimental animals. Variability of cell injuries in pseudotuberculosis histopathology depended on the plasmid-associated virulence of the infection agent. Infection with highly virulent two-plasmid strain pYV48:pVM82 MDa and Y. pseudotuberculosis strain with low virulence with the only plasmid pVM82 MDa led to the development of cell destruction (necrosis and apoptosis) in the target organs...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889532/characterisation-of-zbtb46-and-dc-script-znf366-in-rainbow-trout-transcription-factors-potentially-involved-in-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-activation-in-fish
#4
Jun Wang, Tiehui Wang, Ottavia Benedicenti, Catherine Collins, Kaiyu Wang, Christopher J Secombes, Jun Zou
ZBTB46 and DC-SCRIPT/ZNF366 are two zinc finger transcription factors that play important roles in regulating differentiation of dendritic cells in mammals. In this study, the ZBTB46 and DC-SCRIPT/ZNF366 homologues were identified in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and their expression analysed in vivo and in vitro. As transcription factors, they are well conserved in sequence, genomic organisation and gene synteny. Their expression was differentially modulated by bacterial and viral PAMPs in the monocyte/macrophage like cell line RTS-11, in primary head kidney (HK) macrophages, and in HK macrophages cultured with IL-4/13A...
November 23, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889163/differential-detection-of-pathogenic-yersinia-spp-by-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization
#5
Alexander Rohde, Jens Andre Hammerl, Bernd Appel, Ralf Dieckmann, Sascha Al Dahouk
Yersinia enterocolitica, Y. pseudotuberculosis and Y. pestis are pathogens of major medical importance, which are responsible for a considerable number of infections every year. The detection of these species still relies on cultural methods, which are slow, labour intensive and often hampered by the presence of high amounts of accompanying flora. In this study, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to develop a fast, sensitive and reliable alternative to detect viable bacteria in food. For this purpose, highly specific probes targeting the 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA were employed to differentially detect each of the three species...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887582/yptb3816-of-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis-strain-ip32953-is-a-virulence-related-metallo-oligopeptidase
#6
Ali Atas, Alan M Seddon, Donna C Ford, Ian A Cooper, Brendan W Wren, Petra C F Oyston, Andrey V Karlyshev
BACKGROUND: Although bacterial peptidases are known to be produced by various microorganisms, including pathogenic bacteria, their role in bacterial physiology is not fully understood. In particular, oligopeptidases are thought to be mainly involved in degradation of short peptides e.g. leader peptides released during classical protein secretion pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of inactivation of an oligopeptidase encoding gene opdA gene of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis on bacterial properties in vivo and in vitro, and to test dependence of the enzymatic activity of the respective purified enzyme on the presence of different divalent cations...
November 25, 2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876297/host-transcriptomic-responses-to-pneumonic-plague-reveal-that-yersinia-pestis-inhibits-both-the-initial-adaptive-and-innate-immune-responses-in-mice
#7
Huiying Yang, Tong Wang, Guang Tian, Qingwen Zhang, Xiaohong Wu, Youqian Xin, Yanfeng Yan, Yafang Tan, Shiyang Cao, Wanbing Liu, Yujun Cui, Ruifu Yang, Zongmin Du
Pneumonic plague is the most deadly form of infection caused by Yersinia pestis and can progress extremely fast. However, our understanding on the host transcriptomic response to pneumonic plague is insufficient. Here, we used RNA-sequencing technology to analyze transcriptomic responses in mice infected with fully virulent strain 201 or EV76, a live attenuated vaccine strain lacking the pigmentation locus. Approximately 600 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in lungs from both 201- and EV76-infected mice at 12h post-infection (hpi)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874136/a-self-quenching-resistant-carbon-nanodot-powder-with-multicolored-solid-state-fluorescence-for-ultra-fast-staining-of-various-representative-bacterial-species-within-one-minute
#8
Yongqiang Zhang, Chunfeng Li, Yi Fan, Chengbin Wang, Ruifu Yang, Xingyuan Liu, Lei Zhou
In this study, we prepared self-quenching-resistant solid-state fluorescent carbon nanodots (SFCDs) without any other solid matrices. The SFCDs were prepared using a one-step microwave synthesis method through precise control of the heating power and time. The resulting SFCD powder showed excitation-dependent emission behavior with a maximum fluorescence quantum yield of 40%. The multicolored SFCDs were successfully used as fluorescent agents for rapid staining of 14 representative bacterial species, including Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and acid-fast bacteria...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872237/flagellin-mediated-protection-against-intestinal-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis-infection-does-not-require-interleukin-22
#9
Rémi Porte, Laurye Van Maele, Natalia Muñoz-Wolf, Benoit Foligné, Laure Dumoutier, Julien Tabareau, Delphine Cayet, Pierre Gosset, Nicolas Jonckheere, Isabelle Van Seuningen, A José Chabalgoity, Michel Simonet, Mohamed Lamkanfi, Jean-Christophe Renauld, Jean-Claude Sirard, Christophe Carnoy
Signaling through toll-like receptors (TLRs), the main receptors in innate immunity, is essential for the defense of mucosal surfaces. It was previously shown that systemic TLR5 stimulation by bacterial flagellin induces an immediate, transient interleukin-22 (IL-22)-dependent antimicrobial response to bacterial or viral infections of the mucosa. This process was dependent on the activation of type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). The objective of the present study was to analyze the effects of flagellin treatment in a murine model of oral infection with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (an invasive, Gram-negative, enteropathogenic bacterium that targets the small intestine)...
November 21, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870634/investigation-of-and-response-to-2-plague-cases-yosemite-national-park-california-usa-2015
#10
Mary Danforth, Mark Novak, Jeannine Petersen, Paul Mead, Luke Kingry, Matthew Weinburke, Danielle Buttke, Gregory Hacker, James Tucker, Michael Niemela, Bryan Jackson, Kerry Padgett, Kelly Liebman, Duc Vugia, Vicki Kramer
In August 2015, plague was diagnosed for 2 persons who had visited Yosemite National Park in California, USA. One case was septicemic and the other bubonic. Subsequent environmental investigation identified probable locations of exposure for each patient and evidence of epizootic plague in other areas of the park. Transmission of Yersinia pestis was detected by testing rodent serum, fleas, and rodent carcasses. The environmental investigation and whole-genome multilocus sequence typing of Y. pestis isolates from the patients and environmental samples indicated that the patients had been exposed in different locations and that at least 2 distinct strains of Y...
December 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869401/yersiniosis-in-poland-in-2014
#11
Sylwia Kamińska, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to present the epidemiological situation of yersiniosis in Poland in 2014 and compare it with the situation in the previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on analysis of data from the annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisoning in Poland” for the period 2009-2014 (MP Czarkowski et al., National Institute of Hygiene and GIS – Chief Sanitary Inspectorate), interviews of individual yersiniosis cases, sent by the sanitary-epidemiological stations from the whole country and the data on deaths from the Department of Demographic Studies of the Central Statistical Office...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864644/targeting-and-alteration-of-tight-junctions-by-bacteria-and-their-virulence-factors-such-as-clostridium-perfringens-enterotoxin
#12
REVIEW
Miriam Eichner, Jonas Protze, Anna Piontek, Gerd Krause, Jörg Piontek
The integrity of tight junctions, which regulate paracellular permeability, is challenged by many bacterial pathogens. This is caused by inflammatory responses triggered by pathogens and direct interaction of bacteria or their toxins with host epithelial cells. In some cases, tight junction proteins represent receptors for cell surface proteins or toxins of the pathogen, such as Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE). CPE causes diarrhea and cramps-the symptoms of a common foodborne illness, caused by C...
November 18, 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853715/differences-in-chemical-physical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-italian-burrata-cheeses-made-in-artisanal-and-industrial-plants-of-apulia-region
#13
Stefano Rea, Leonardo Marino, Roberta Stocchi, Raffaella Branciari, Anna Rita Loschi, Dino Miraglia, David Ranucci
The burrata cheese is a traditional product from Southern Italy, consisting of an envelope of pasta filata (stretched curd) filled with cream and pasta filata strips (usually leftovers from mozzarella production). Physical [water activity (aw), pH], chemical (moisture, NaCl content) and microbiological [total viable count (TVC), Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacteriaceae, coagulase-positive staphylococci] characteristics of burrata cheeses manufactured in artisanal and industrial plants were evaluated...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837489/a-method-for-characterizing-the-type-iii-secretion-system-s-contribution-to-pathogenesis-homologous-recombination-to-generate-yersinia-pestis-type-iii-secretion-system-mutants
#14
Patrick Osei-Owusu, Matthew L Nilles, David S Bradley, Travis D Alvine
The type III (T3S) secretion system of many gram-negative bacteria is a surface-exposed protein secretion apparatus used to directly inject bacterial effector molecules into eukaryotic cells. These effector molecules contribute to bacterial pathogenesis in many ways, and have been shown to be crucial for infectivity. Here, we describe a protocol for using homologous recombination to generate T3S system mutants to assess the role of different T3S system proteins in bacterial pathogenesis.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837484/analysis-of-type-iii-secretion-system-secreted-proteins
#15
Danielle L Jessen Condry, Matthew L Nilles
Secreted proteins of the T3SS vary from genus to genus. How secretion is induced in vitro also depends on the genus of bacteria. However, once those proteins are isolated the method for analyzing those proteins is largely the same. The following chapter outlines the specific induction of Yersinia secreted proteins and uniform analysis of those secreted proteins.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837480/in-vivo-photo-cross-linking-to-study-t3s-interactions-demonstrated-using-the-yersinia-pestis-t3s-system
#16
Thomas A Henderson, Matthew L Nilles
Cross-linking of proteins is effective in determining protein-protein interactions. The use of photo-cross-linkers was developed to study protein interactions in several manners. One method involved the incorporation of photo-activatable cross-linking groups into chemically synthesized peptides. A second approach relies on incorporation of photo-activatable cross-linking groups into proteins using tRNAs with chemically bound photo-activatable amino acids with suppressor tRNAs translational systems to incorporate the tags into specific sites...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837479/blue-native-protein-electrophoresis-to-study-the-t3s-system-using-yersinia-pestis-as-a-model
#17
Thomas A Henderson, Matthew L Nilles
Since the introduction of blue native, clear native, and high-resolution clear native electrophoresis to study protein complexes of eukaryotic, bacterial, and archaeal cells, the technique has been used primarily to study physiological systems that are found in abundance within the cell. Systems involved in oxidative phosphorylation, electron transport, membrane transporters, and secretion systems have been studied using these techniques. These microscale techniques are ideal due to the minimal perturbations caused to these protein complexes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837478/site-directed-mutagenesis-and-its-application-in-studying-the-interactions-of-t3s-components
#18
Matthew S Francis, Ayad A A Amer, Debra L Milton, Tiago R D Costa
Type III secretion systems are a prolific virulence determinant among Gram-negative bacteria. They are used to paralyze the host cell, which enables bacterial pathogens to establish often fatal infections-unless an effective therapeutic intervention is available. However, as a result of a catastrophic rise in infectious bacteria resistant to conventional antibiotics, these bacteria are again a leading cause of worldwide mortality. Hence, this report describes a pDM4-based site-directed mutagenesis strategy that is assisting in our foremost objective to better understand the fundamental workings of the T3SS, using Yersinia as a model pathogenic bacterium...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836640/transmembrane-topology-of-the-arsenite-permease-acr3-from-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#19
Donata Wawrzycka, Katarzyna Markowska, Ewa Maciaszczyk-Dziubinska, Magdalena Migocka, Robert Wysocki
Acr3 is a plasma membrane transporter, a member of the bile/arsenite/riboflavin transporter (BART) superfamily, which confers high-level resistance to arsenicals in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have previously shown that the yeast Acr3 acts as a low affinity As(III)/H(+) and Sb(III)/H(+) antiporter. We have also identified several amino acid residues that are localized in putative transmembrane helices (TM) and appeared to be critical for the Acr3 activity. In the present study, the topology of Acr3 was investigated by insertion of glycosylation and factor Xa protease cleavage sites at predicted hydrophilic regions...
November 9, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832215/avoiding-pandemic-fears-in-the-subway-and-conquering-the-platypus
#20
COMMENT
A Gonzalez, Y Vázquez-Baeza, J B Pettengill, A Ottesen, D McDonald, R Knight
Metagenomics is increasingly used not just to show patterns of microbial diversity but also as a culture-independent method to detect individual organisms of intense clinical, epidemiological, conservation, forensic, or regulatory interest. A widely reported metagenomic study of the New York subway suggested that the pathogens Yersinia pestis and Bacillus anthracis were part of the "normal subway microbiome." In their article in mSystems, Hsu and collaborators (mSystems 1(3):e00018-16, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10...
May 2016: MSystems
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