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Decision tree

Niloofar Yousefi Moteghaed, Keivan Maghooli, Masoud Garshasbi
Background: Gene expression data are characteristically high dimensional with a small sample size in contrast to the feature size and variability inherent in biological processes that contribute to difficulties in analysis. Selection of highly discriminative features decreases the computational cost and complexity of the classifier and improves its reliability for prediction of a new class of samples. Methods: The present study used hybrid particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithms for gene selection and a fuzzy support vector machine (SVM) as the classifier...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Khansoudaphone Phakhounthong, Pimwadee Chaovalit, Podjanee Jittamala, Stuart D Blacksell, Michael J Carter, Paul Turner, Kheng Chheng, Soeung Sona, Varun Kumar, Nicholas P J Day, Lisa J White, Wirichada Pan-Ngum
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a re-emerging viral disease commonly occurring in tropical and subtropical areas. The clinical features and abnormal laboratory test results of dengue infection are similar to those of other febrile illnesses; hence, its accurate and timely diagnosis for providing appropriate treatment is difficult. Delayed diagnosis may be associated with inappropriate treatment and higher risk of death. Early and correct diagnosis can help improve case management and optimise the use of resources such as hospital staff, beds, and intensive care equipment...
March 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Merly Escalona, Sara Rocha, David Posada
Motivation: Advances in sequencing technologies have made it feasible to obtain massive datasets for phylogenomic inference, often consisting of large numbers of loci from multiple species and individuals. The phylogenomic analysis of next-generation sequencing (NGS) data requires a complex computational pipeline where multiple technical and methodological decisions are necessary that can influence the final tree obtained, like those related to coverage, assembly, mapping, variant calling and/or phasing...
March 9, 2018: Bioinformatics
Koushun Kamada, Ryousuke Tachibanagi, Hideki Nakagawa
Toads on the ground control landing behavior by a simple strategy in which they extend their elbows at roughly the same time after take-off and continue extending them at the same velocity until they land. However, this simple strategy does not work well in much more complicated arboreal habitat. We analyzed properties of jumping and timing of forelimb extension of the tree frog, Hyla japonica, to demonstrate how the arboreal species land safely. The results showed that distance, duration, and velocity of jump were not affected by explicit optic flow information, whereas the all three parameters decreased significantly in the blindfolded animals...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
Jeffrey J Starns
Heck and Erdfelder (2016) developed a model that extends discrete-state multinomial processing tree models to response time (RT) data. Their model is an important advance, but it does not have a mechanism to produce the speed-accuracy trade-off, the bedrock empirical observation that rushed decisions are less accurate. I present a similar model, the "discrete-race" model, with a simple mechanism for the speed-accuracy trade-off. In the model, information that supports detection of the stimulus type is available for some proportion of items and unavailable for others...
March 12, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Sara C Atehortúa, Luz H Lugo, Mateo Ceballos, Esteban Orozco, Paula A Castro, Juan C Arango, Heidi E Mateus
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness ratio of different courses of action for the diagnosis of Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy in Colombia. METHODS: The cost-effectiveness analysis was performed from the Colombian health system perspective. Decision trees were constructed, and different courses of action were compared considering the following tests: immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blot (WB), multiplex polymerase chain reaction, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and the complete sequencing of the dystrophin gene...
March 9, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Ali Abdollahi Gharbali, Shirin Najdi, José Manuel Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, the contribution of distance-based features to automatic sleep stage classification is investigated. The potency of these features is analyzed individually and in combination with 48 conventionally used features. METHODS: The distance-based set consists of 32 features extracted by calculating Itakura, Itakura-Saito and COSH distances of autoregressive and spectral coefficients of Electrocardiography (EEG) (C3 -A2 ), Left EOG, Chin EMG and ECG signals...
March 7, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Florina Haimovici, Janis L Anderson, Gordon W Bates, Catherine Racowsky, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Dan Simovici, Raina N Fichorova
PROBLEM: Psychiatric disorders and stress in women have been associated with poor IVF outcome. We hypothesized that both partners in the infertile couples are emotionally affected, and cytokines in both may link psychological to reproductive outcome. METHOD OF STUDY: Forty-five IVF couples completed questionnaires and visual analog scales for stress and psychiatric disorders and had cytokines measured in serum, semen, cervicovaginal, and follicular fluids. Multivariable analyses, t tests, maximum likelihood estimates, Spearman correlation, and data mining were applied...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Ján Fedačko, Daniel Pella, Beáta Gavurová, Samuel Koróny
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to evaluate the influence of available demographic determinants on the number of deaths caused by circulatory system diseases as compared to deaths caused by neoplasms in Slovakia in 1996-2014. METHODS: Mortality data were kindly provided by the National Health Information Centre in Slovakia. The first method was trend curve fitting of death ratios caused by circulatory system diseases (Chapter IX) and of deaths caused by neoplasms (Chapter II) as a function of age for both sexes...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Raju Botta, Pongpan Chindaudom, Pitak Eiamchai, Mati Horprathum, Saksorn Limwichean, Chanunthorn Chananonnawathorn, Viyapol Patthanasettakul, Benjawan Kaewseekhao, Kiatichai Faksri, Noppadon Nuntawong
Nanostructures have been multiplying the advantages of Raman spectroscopy and further amplify the advantages of Raman spectroscopy is a continuous effort focused on the appropriate design of nanostructures. Herein, we designed different shapes of plasmonic nanostructures such as Vertical, Zig Zag, Slant nanorods and Spherical nanoparticles employing the DC magnetron sputtering system as SERS-active substrates for ultrasensitive detection of target molecules. The fabricated plasmonic nanostructures sensitivity and uniformity were exploited by reference dye analyte...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Jian-Xiang Wei, Jing Wang, Yun-Xia Zhu, Jun Sun, Hou-Ming Xu, Ming Li
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine informed by modern medicine but built on a foundation of more than 2500 years of Chinese medical practice. According to statistics, TCM accounts for approximately 14% of total adverse drug reaction (ADR) spontaneous reporting data in China. Because of the complexity of the components in TCM formula, which makes it essentially different from Western medicine, it is critical to determine whether ADR reports of TCM should be analyzed independently...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Edmund R Hunt, Christopher Kendall, Emma Stanbury, Ana B Sendova-Franks, Nigel R Franks
Visual landmarks are important navigational aids to many animals, and when more than one is available their juxtaposition can convey valuable new information to a navigator about progress toward a goal, depending on the landmarks' comparative distinctiveness. We investigated the effect of presenting rock ant colonies (Temnothorax albipennis) with identical horizontal landmarks either side of their route, versus one horizontal landmark paired with a sloping landmark, as they navigated to a new nest site. Our findings suggest that ants can obtain more navigational information from a combination of dissimilar landmarks: the average tortuosity of the route taken between old and new nests was significantly lower when a horizontal landmark was paired with a monotonically downward sloping landmark (the paths were more direct)...
March 6, 2018: Behavioural Processes
Yolanda Sánchez Sánchez, Antonio Martínez-Graña, Fernando Santos Francés, Marina Mateos Picado
Wildfire is a major threat to the environment, and this threat is aggravated by different climatic and socioeconomic factors. The availability of detailed, reliable mapping and periodic and immediate updates makes wildfire prevention and extinction work more effective. An analyst protocol has been generated that allows the precise updating of high-resolution thematic maps. For this protocol, images obtained through the Sentinel 2A satellite, with a return time of five days, have been merged with Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data with a density of 0...
March 9, 2018: Sensors
Jung In Park, Donna Z Bliss, Chih-Lin Chi, Connie W Delaney, Bonnie L Westra
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with healthcare-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections (HA-CAUTIs) using multiple data sources and data mining techniques. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Three data sets were integrated for analysis: electronic health record data from a university hospital in the Midwestern United States was combined with staffing and environmental data from the hospital's National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators and a list of patients with HA-CAUTIs...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Duncan C Ramsey, Darin M Friess
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of suture buttons compared to syndesmotic screws for repair of tibiofibular syndesmotic injuries. METHODS: A decision-tree model was constructed to describe outcomes after syndesmosis repair using suture buttons and syndesmotic screws from the perspective of a capitated healthcare system. Outcomes were uneventful healing, removal of symptomatic implants, deep infection, and persistent diastasis requiring revision. Weighted literature averages were used to estimate variables for a baseline model...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Sebastian Polak, Klaus Romero, Alexander Berg, Nikunjkumar Patel, Masoud Jamei, David Hermann, Debra Hanna
Cardiotoxicity is among the top drug safety concerns, and is of specific interest in tuberculosis, where this is a known or potential adverse event of current and emerging treatment regimens. As there is a need for a tool, beyond the QT interval, to quantify cardiotoxicity early in drug development, an empirical decision tree based classifier was developed to predict the risk of Torsades de pointes (TdP). The cardiac risk algorithm was developed using pseudo-electrocardiogram (ECG) outputs derived from cardiac myocyte electromechanical model simulations of increasing concentrations of 96 reference compounds which represented a range of clinical TdP risk...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
Isabelle Niedhammer, Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jean-François Chastang
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to construct a job-exposure matrix (JEM) for psychosocial work factors of the job strain model, to evaluate its validity, and to compare the results over time. METHODS: The study was based on national representative data of the French working population with samples of 46,962 employees (2010 SUMER survey) and 24,486 employees (2003 SUMER survey). Psychosocial work factors included the job strain model factors (Job Content Questionnaire): psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, job strain and iso-strain...
March 8, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Simon Mitchell, Koushik Roy, Thomas A Zangle, Alexander Hoffmann
Rapid antibody production in response to invading pathogens requires the dramatic expansion of pathogen-derived antigen-specific B lymphocyte populations. Whether B cell population dynamics are based on stochastic competition between competing cell fates, as in the development of competence by the bacterium Bacillus subtilis , or on deterministic cell fate decisions that execute a predictable program, as during the development of the worm Caenorhabditis elegans , remains unclear. Here, we developed long-term live-cell microscopy of B cell population expansion and multiscale mechanistic computational modeling to characterize the role of molecular noise in determining phenotype heterogeneity...
March 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
N Bourdel, P Chauvet, M Canis
In this chapter we have examined the possibilities of screening endometriosis, both in the general population as well as in the target population. We then proposed decision trees, for primary and secondary care. Currently, there is not enough data in the literature to develop or organize a screening test for endometriosis. Screening for endometriosis is not recommended in the general population (level A). There is also no evidence to support systematic screening in a population with genetic risk factors (endometriosis in a relative), or with other clinical risk factors (increased menstrual volume, short cycles, early menarche) (level A)...
March 4, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Camila Viana Vieira Farhate, Zigomar Menezes de Souza, Stanley Robson de Medeiros Oliveira, Rose Luiza Moraes Tavares, João Luís Nunes Carvalho
Soil CO2 emissions are regarded as one of the largest flows of the global carbon cycle and small changes in their magnitude can have a large effect on the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Thus, a better understanding of this attribute would enable the identification of promoters and the development of strategies to mitigate the risks of climate change. Therefore, our study aimed at using data mining techniques to predict the soil CO2 emission induced by crop management in sugarcane areas in Brazil. To do so, we used different variable selection methods (correlation, chi-square, wrapper) and classification (Decision tree, Bayesian models, neural networks, support vector machine, bagging with logistic regression), and finally we tested the efficiency of different approaches through the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve...
2018: PloS One
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