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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788345/the-sierra-leone-trial-to-introduce-a-vaccine-against-ebola-an-evaluation-of-rvsv%C3%A2-g-zebov-gp-vaccine-tolerability-and-safety-during-the-west-africa-ebola-outbreak
#1
Mohamed Samai, Jane F Seward, Susan T Goldstein, Barbara E Mahon, Durodami Radcliffe Lisk, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Mohamed I Jalloh, Stephanie J Schrag, Ayesha Idriss, Rosalind J Carter, Peter Dawson, S A S Kargbo, Bailah Leigh, Mohamed Bawoh, Jennifer Legardy-Williams, Gibrilla Deen, Wendy Carr, Amy Callis, Robert Lindblad, James B W Russell, Carey R Petrie, Augustin E Fombah, Brima Kargbo, Wendi McDonald, Olamide D Jarrett, Robert E Walker, Paul Gargiullo, Donald Bash-Taqi, Laura Gibson, Abu Bakarr Fofanah, Anne Schuchat
ClinicalTrials.gov [NCT02378753] and Pan African Clinical Trials Registry [PACTR201502001037220].
May 18, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755663/the-ongoing-challenge-of-large-anal-cancers-prospective-long-term-outcomes-of-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-with-concurrent-chemotherapy
#2
Ali Hosni, Kathy Han, Lisa W Le, Jolie Ringash, James Brierley, Rebecca Wong, Robert Dinniwell, Anthony Brade, Laura A Dawson, Bernard J Cummings, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Eric X Chen, David Hedley, Jennifer Knox, Alexandra M Easson, Patricia Lindsay, Tim Craig, John Kim
Purpose: Patterns of failure and long term outcomes were prospectively evaluated following tumor factors-stratified radiation dose for anal/perianal cancer. Methods: Between 2008-2013, patients with anal/perianal squamous cell carcinoma were accrued to an institutional REB-approved prospective study. All patients were treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT). Radiation dose selection (27-36 Gy for elective target, and 45-63 Gy for gross target) was based on tumor clinico-pathologic features...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706303/the-rolling-stones-an-inappropriate-surrogate-for-upper-abdominal-image-guided-radiation-therapy
#3
Jasmine Chen, Louise Murray, Laura A Dawson, Michael Velec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676458/an-optimized-method-to-measure-human-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-from-multiple-tissue-types-using-mass-cytometry
#4
Nicholas A J Dawson, Avery J Lam, Laura Cook, Romy E Hoeppli, Raewyn Broady, Anne M Pesenacker, Megan K Leving
Mass cytometry has facilitated the discovery of complex immunological networks and immune cell interactions; however, there are limited reports of using this technology to measure expression of intranuclear antigens such as transcription factors. Herein we describe testing of multiple staining methods to detect FOXP3, the lineage-defining transcription factor for regulatory T cells (Tregs), by mass cytometry. A custom paraformaldehyde/saponin-based fixation and permeabilization method was found to be the optimal method for mass cytometry-based Treg detection, yielding the best balance of FOXP3 detection and preserved cell surface marker expression...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667911/experimental-heat-stress-nephropathy-and-liver-injury-are-improved-by-allopurinol
#5
Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Yuka Sato, Tamara Milagres, Ana Andres-Hernando, Gabriela E Garcia, Petter Bjornstad, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Cecilia Sorensen, Lee Newman, Lyndsay Krisher, Magdalena Madero, Jason Glaser, Ramon Garcia-Trabannino, Emmanuel Jarquin-Romero, Zhilin Song, Thomas Jensen, Masanari Kuwabara, Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, Laura-Gabriela Sanchez-Lozada, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
BACKGROUND: An epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been observed in Central America among workers in the sugarcane fields. One hypothesis is that the CKD may be caused by recurrent heat stress and dehydration, and potentially by hyperuricemia. Accordingly, we developed a murine model of kidney injury associated with recurrent heat stress. In the current experiment, we tested whether treatment with allopurinol (a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that reduces serum urate) provides renal protection against recurrent heat stress and dehydration...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614344/tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-tinu-with-granulomatosis-a-novel-report-of-simultaneous-tinu-and-sarcoidosis-in-a-pediatric-patient
#6
Valerie J Dawson, David Dao, Melanie Leu, Alena Egense, Laide Jinadu, Laura Malone, Janet Alexander
We report the case of a 7-year-old girl who presented with bilateral anterior uveitis, acute interstitial nephritis, and asymptomatic pulmonary granulomas and provide novel clinical evidence of an association between tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome and sarcoidosis.
March 31, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548031/cross-sectional-area-of-the-achilles-tendon-in-a-cohort-of-elite-military-warriors-using-standard-ultrasound-techniques
#7
Kevin D Martin, Jeffrey Wake, Laura Dawson, J Preston Van Buren
Background: The prevalence of Achilles tendon (AT) pathology is common and can result in disability. Understanding normal AT properties can improve our ability to prevent AT injuries. We examined the cross-sectional area of the AT at multiple levels in an asymptomatic population of Army Rangers. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study composed of 41 voluntarily recruited United States Army Rangers deployed in a combat theater. All subjects were members of the Ranger Regiment participating in more than 20 h of intense bipedal non-sport weekly training with no history of AT pathology...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541385/targeting-the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-and-retinoblastoma-axis-overcomes-standard-of-care-resistance-in-braf-v600e-mutant-melanoma
#8
Antoneicka L Harris, Samantha E Lee, Louis K Dawson, Laura A Marlow, Brandy H Edenfield, William F Durham, Thomas J Flotte, Michael Thompson, Daniel L Small, Aidan J Synnott, Svetomir N Markovic, John A Copland
Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) mouse models were used to discover new therapies for naïve and drug resistant BRAF V600E -mutant melanoma. Tumor histology, oncogenic protein expression, and antitumor activity were comparable between patient and PDTX-matched models thereby validating PDTXs as predictive preclinical models of therapeutic response in patients. PDTX models responsive and non-responsive to BRAF/MEK standard of care (SOC) therapy were used to identify efficacious combination therapies. One such combination includes a CDK4/6 inhibitor that blocks cell cycle progression...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528048/using-biomarkers-to-predict-tb-treatment-duration-predict-tb-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-treatment-shortening-clinical-trial
#9
Ray Y Chen, Laura E Via, Lori E Dodd, Gerhard Walzl, Stephanus T Malherbe, André G Loxton, Rodney Dawson, Robert J Wilkinson, Friedrich Thienemann, Michele Tameris, Mark Hatherill, Andreas H Diacon, Xin Liu, Jin Xing, Xiaowei Jin, Zhenya Ma, Shouguo Pan, Guolong Zhang, Qian Gao, Qi Jiang, Hong Zhu, Lili Liang, Hongfei Duan, Taeksun Song, David Alland, Michael Tartakovsky, Alex Rosenthal, Christopher Whalen, Michael Duvenhage, Ying Cai, Lisa C Goldfeder, Kriti Arora, Bronwyn Smith, Jill Winter, Clifton E Barry Iii
Background : By the early 1980s, tuberculosis treatment was shortened from 24 to 6 months, maintaining relapse rates of 1-2%. Subsequent trials attempting shorter durations have failed, with 4-month arms consistently having relapse rates of 15-20%. One trial shortened treatment only among those without baseline cavity on chest x-ray and whose month 2 sputum culture converted to negative. The 4-month arm relapse rate decreased to 7% but was still significantly worse than the 6-month arm (1.6%, P<0.01).  We hypothesize that PET/CT characteristics at baseline, PET/CT changes at one month, and markers of residual bacterial load will identify patients with tuberculosis who can be cured with 4 months (16 weeks) of standard treatment...
November 6, 2017: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504240/the-changing-role-of-ornamental-horticulture-in-alien-plant-invasions
#10
Mark van Kleunen, Franz Essl, Jan Pergl, Giuseppe Brundu, Marta Carboni, Stefan Dullinger, Regan Early, Pablo González-Moreno, Quentin J Groom, Philip E Hulme, Christoph Kueffer, Ingolf Kühn, Cristina Máguas, Noëlie Maurel, Ana Novoa, Madalin Parepa, Petr Pyšek, Hanno Seebens, Rob Tanner, Julia Touza, Laura Verbrugge, Ewald Weber, Wayne Dawson, Holger Kreft, Patrick Weigelt, Marten Winter, Günther Klonner, Matthew V Talluto, Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz
The number of alien plants escaping from cultivation into native ecosystems is increasing steadily. We provide an overview of the historical, contemporary and potential future roles of ornamental horticulture in plant invasions. We show that currently at least 75% and 93% of the global naturalised alien flora is grown in domestic and botanical gardens, respectively. Species grown in gardens also have a larger naturalised range than those that are not. After the Middle Ages, particularly in the 18th and 19th centuries, a global trade network in plants emerged...
March 5, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482870/radiation-dose-volume-effects-for-liver-sbrt
#11
Moyed Miften, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Vitali Moiseenko, Jimm Grimm, Ellen Yorke, Andrew Jackson, Wolfgang A Tomé, Randall K Ten Haken, Nitin Ohri, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Karyn A Goodman, Lawrence B Marks, Brian Kavanagh, Laura A Dawson
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as an effective, noninvasive treatment option for primary liver cancer and metastatic disease occurring in the liver. Although SBRT can be highly effective for establishing local control in hepatic malignancies, a tradeoff exists between tumor control and normal tissue complications. The objective of the present study was to review the normal tissue dose-volume effects for SBRT-induced liver and gastrointestinal toxicities and derive normal tissue complication probability models...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480952/neoadjuvant-hyperfractionated-chemoradiation-and-liver-transplantation-for-unresectable-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-in-canada
#12
Benjamin P T Loveday, Jennifer J Knox, Laura A Dawson, Ur Metser, Anthony Brade, Anne M Horgan, Steven Gallinger, Paul D Greig, Carol-Anne Moulton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation and liver transplantation may be offered for unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). This study aimed to determine the dropout rate and survival of patients who entered a national tri-modality protocol. METHOD: Patients enrolled Jan 2009-Aug 2015 were included. Enrolment criteria: ≤65 years, brush biopsy-proven unresectable pCCA <3.5 cm diameter. Conformal radiotherapy was given concurrently with Capecitabine...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457371/validation-of-a-blood-marker-for-plasma-volume-in-endurance-athletes-during-a-live-high-train-low-altitude-training-camp
#13
Louisa M Lobigs, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Victor L Vuong, Nicolin Tee, Christopher J Gore, Peter Peeling, Brian Dawson, Yorck O Schumacher
Altitude is a confounding factor within the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) due, in part, to the plasma volume (PV) response to hypoxia. Here, a newly developed PV blood test is applied to assess the possible efficacy of reducing the influence of PV on the volumetric ABP markers; haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) and the OFF-score. Endurance athletes (n=34) completed a 21-night simulated live-high train-low (LHTL) protocol (14 h.d-1 at 3000 m). Bloods were collected twice pre-altitude; at days 3, 8, and 15 at altitude; and 1, 7, 21, and 42 days post-altitude...
February 19, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444325/evaluation-of-the-dissemination-of-snax-a-middle-school-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-within-a-large-us-school-district
#14
Laura M Bogart, Chong-Min Fu, Jodi Eyraud, Burton O Cowgill, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Kimberly Uyeda, David J Klein, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Few evidence-based school obesity-prevention programs are disseminated. We used community-based participatory research principles to disseminate an evidence-based middle-school obesity-prevention program, Students for Nutrition and eXercise (SNaX), to a large, primarily Latino, school district. In the 2014-2015 school year, we trained a district "champion" to provide training and technical assistance to schools and supplied print- and web-based materials (www.snaxinschools.org). In one district region, 18 of 26 schools agreed to participate...
February 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432147/global-rise-in-emerging-alien-species-results-from-increased-accessibility-of-new-source-pools
#15
Hanno Seebens, Tim M Blackburn, Ellie E Dyer, Piero Genovesi, Philip E Hulme, Jonathan M Jeschke, Shyama Pagad, Petr Pyšek, Mark van Kleunen, Marten Winter, Michael Ansong, Margarita Arianoutsou, Sven Bacher, Bernd Blasius, Eckehard G Brockerhoff, Giuseppe Brundu, César Capinha, Charlotte E Causton, Laura Celesti-Grapow, Wayne Dawson, Stefan Dullinger, Evan P Economo, Nicol Fuentes, Benoit Guénard, Heinke Jäger, John Kartesz, Marc Kenis, Ingolf Kühn, Bernd Lenzner, Andrew M Liebhold, Alexander Mosena, Dietmar Moser, Wolfgang Nentwig, Misako Nishino, David Pearman, Jan Pergl, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Alain Roques, Stephanie Rorke, Silvia Rossinelli, Helen E Roy, Riccardo Scalera, Stefan Schindler, Kateřina Štajerová, Barbara Tokarska-Guzik, Kevin Walker, Darren F Ward, Takehiko Yamanaka, Franz Essl
Our ability to predict the identity of future invasive alien species is largely based upon knowledge of prior invasion history. Emerging alien species-those never encountered as aliens before-therefore pose a significant challenge to biosecurity interventions worldwide. Understanding their temporal trends, origins, and the drivers of their spread is pivotal to improving prevention and risk assessment tools. Here, we use a database of 45,984 first records of 16,019 established alien species to investigate the temporal dynamics of occurrences of emerging alien species worldwide...
March 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395629/local-control-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-liver-tumors
#16
Nitin Ohri, Wolfgang A Tomé, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Moyed Miften, Randall K Ten Haken, Laura A Dawson, Jimm Grimm, Ellen Yorke, Andrew Jackson
PURPOSE: To quantitatively evaluate published experiences with hepatic stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), to determine local control rates after treatment of primary and metastatic liver tumors and to examine whether outcomes are affected by SBRT dosing regimen. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified published articles that reported local control rates after SBRT for primary or metastatic liver tumors. Biologically effective doses (BEDs) were calculated for each dosing regimen using the linear-quadratic equation...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374624/what-factors-affect-adherence-to-medicines
#17
Laura A Dawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251635/ce-oral-care-for-head-and-neck-cancer-symptom-management
#18
Laura Cullen, Sharon Baumler, Michele Farrington, Cindy Dawson, Peggy Folkmann, Loraine Brenner
: An evidence-based practice change at a radiation oncology center in a large academic medical center was designed to reduce the severity of oral mucositis in adults receiving radiation treatment for head and neck cancer. In the intervention described, patients were given newly created oral care kits and educational materials to improve their oral hygiene. Evaluations were conducted at three points during the project (before radiation treatment, during week 4 to 5 of treatment, and one month after treatment)...
January 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235387/work-life-integration-in-neuropsychology-a-review-of-the-existing-literature-and-preliminary-recommendations
#19
Maia Feigon, Cady Block, Leslie Guidotti Breting, Laura Boxley, Erica Dawson, Derin Cobia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current review paper is to identify and describe challenges to work-life integration in neuropsychology, and from this review extrapolate an initial set of recommendations and present a set of scenarios in which the recommendations might apply in the hopes of improving quality of life for current and prospective neuropsychologists. Specific areas of focus include diversity, early and mid-career transitions, and potential barriers to advancement in specific practice settings...
February 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198499/markers-of-impaired-motor-and-cognitive-volition-in-parkinson-s-disease-correlates-of-dopamine-dysregulation-syndrome-impulse-control-disorder-and-dyskinesias
#20
Jared T Hinkle, Kate Perepezko, Liana S Rosenthal, Kelly A Mills, Alexander Pantelyat, Zoltan Mari, Laura Tochen, Jee Yun Bang, Medha Gudavalli, Nadine Yoritomo, Ankur Butala, Catherine C Bakker, Vanessa Johnson, Emile Moukheiber, Ted M Dawson, Gregory M Pontone
INTRODUCTION: Dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be associated with both motoric (e.g., dyskinesias) and neuropsychiatric adverse effects. Examples of the latter include Dopamine Dysregulation Syndrome (DDS) and impulse control disorder (ICD), which are separate but related behavioral/psychiatric complications of treatment in PD. Dysregulation of volition characterizes both dyskinesias and DDS/ICD; thus, we analyzed potential disease-related correlates in a large PD cohort...
February 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
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