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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819864/molecular-processes-involved-in-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#1
REVIEW
Camille Malouf, Katrin Ottersbach
B cell leukaemia is one of the most frequent malignancies in the paediatric population, but also affects a significant proportion of adults in developed countries. The majority of infant and paediatric cases initiate the process of leukaemogenesis during foetal development (in utero) through the formation of a chromosomal translocation or the acquisition/deletion of genetic material (hyperdiploidy or hypodiploidy, respectively). This first genetic insult is the major determinant for the prognosis and therapeutic outcome of patients...
August 17, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759835/characterizing-the-reproductive-biology-of-the-female-pygmy-hippopotamus-choeropsis-liberiensis-through-non-invasive-endocrine-monitoring
#2
Gabriella L Flacke, Franz Schwarzenberger, Linda M Penfold, Susan L Walker, Graeme B Martin, Robert Peter Millar, Monique C J Paris
The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) is endangered in the wild and very little is known about its reproductive biology. In zoological facilities, this species experiences a number of reproductive issues that complicate breeding management, including a high rate of stillbirths and failure of many pairs to reproduce. We conducted a comprehensive study to evaluate reproductive cycles and pregnancy in this species using enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for fecal hormone metabolite analysis. Fresh fecal samples were collected twice weekly for a one to three year period from 36 female pygmy hippos housed at 24 zoological institutions...
July 19, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734017/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-strain-correction-on-the-orientation-of-cardiac-diffusion-tensors-with-in-vivo-and-ex-vivo-porcine-hearts
#3
Pedro F Ferreira, Sonia Nielles-Vallespin, Andrew D Scott, Ranil de Silva, Philip J Kilner, Daniel B Ennis, Daniel A Auger, Jonathan D Suever, Xiaodong Zhong, Bruce S Spottiswoode, Dudley J Pennell, Andrew E Arai, David N Firmin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the importance of strain-correcting stimulated echo acquisition mode echo-planar imaging cardiac diffusion tensor imaging. METHODS: Healthy pigs (n = 11) were successfully scanned with a 3D cine displacement-encoded imaging with stimulated echoes and a monopolar-stimulated echo-planar imaging diffusion tensor imaging sequence at 3 T during diastasis, peak systole, and strain sweet spots in a midventricular short-axis slice. The same diffusion tensor imaging sequence was repeated ex vivo after arresting the hearts in either a relaxed (KCl-induced) or contracted (BaCl2 -induced) state...
July 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728518/successful-preemptive-donor-lymphocyte-infusions-from-a-haploidentical-donor-in-a-boy-with-e2a-hlf-positive-all
#4
Maiko Hirai, Hiroshi Yagasaki, Junya Fujimura, Masami Inoue, Katsuyoshi Shimozawa, Hirotsugu Okuma, Motoaki Chin, Shori Takahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707666/-identification-of-proteins-associated-with-transcription-factors-hoxa9-and-e2a-pbx1-by-tandem-affinity-purification
#5
E A Shestakova, M Boutin, S Bourassa, E Bonneil, J J Bijl
Chimeric transcription factor E2A-PBX1 induces the development of acute lymphoblastic B-cell leukemia in children. Using a transgenic mouse model, we previously demonstrated that homeobox (HOX) gene HOXA9 genetically interact with E2A-PBX1 gene in the development of B-cell leukemia in mice. HOXA9 itself is a potent oncogene resulting in myeloid leukemia when overexpressed, which is strongly accelerated by its collaborator Meis1. HOX, PBX1 and MEIS1 proteins have been shown to form hetero dimeric or trimeric complexes in different combinations...
May 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700677/human-adenovirus-type-5-vectors-deleted-of-early-region-1-e1-undergo-limited-expression-of-early-replicative-e2-proteins-and-dna-replication-in-non-permissive-cells
#6
Bratati Saha, Robin J Parks
Adenovirus (Ad) vectors deleted of the early region 1 (E1) are widely used for transgene delivery in preclinical and clinical gene therapy studies. Although proteins encoded within the E1 region are required for efficient virus replication, previous studies have suggested that certain viral or cellular proteins can functionally compensate for E1, leading to expression of the early region 2 (E2)-encoded replicative proteins and subsequent virus replication. We have generated a series of E1-encoding and E1-deficient Ad vectors containing a FLAG-epitope tag on each of the E2-encoded proteins: DNA-binding protein (DBP), terminal protein (TP) and DNA polymerase (Pol)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666847/eicosapentaenoic-acid-modulates-the-synergistic-action-of-creb1-and-id-e2a-family-members-in-the-rat-pup-brain-and-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#7
Maurizio Rossi, Martin Spichty, Lucilla Attorri, Chiara Distante, Clara Nervi, Serafina Salvati, Luigi Vitelli
The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism by which eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) may exert neuroprotective effects through an "EPA-cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB)" signaling pathway. The current study reveals that EPA modulates the exquisite interplay of interaction of CREB1 with the inhibitor of DNA binding (ID) and E2A family members, thereby delivering mechanistic insights into specific neural differentiation program. In this scenario, our work provides evidence for the capability of CREB1 to sequester ID:E2A family members in brain tissues and neural differentiating mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) through formation of a [CREB1]2:ID2:E47 tetrameric complex...
June 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651627/induction-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-calcium-pump-expression-during-early-leukemic-b-cell-differentiation
#8
Lamia Aït Ghezali, Atousa Arbabian, Hervé Roudot, Jean-Philippe Brouland, Fanny Baran-Marszak, Evelyn Salvaris, Andrew Boyd, Hans G Drexler, Agnes Enyedi, Remi Letestu, Nadine Varin-Blank, Bela Papp
BACKGROUND: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium storage and release play important roles in B lymphocyte maturation, survival, antigen-dependent cell activation and immunoglobulin synthesis. Calcium is accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by Sarco/Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPases (SERCA enzymes). Because lymphocyte function is critically dependent on SERCA activity, it is important to understand qualitative and quantitative changes of SERCA protein expression that occur during B lymphoid differentiation and leukemogenesis...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627280/the-targeting-effect-of-hm2e8b-nctd-liposomes-on-b-lineage-leukemia-stem-cells-is-associated-with-the-hlf-slug-axis
#9
Jingying Zhang, Diyin Shen, Min Jia, Haizhao Zhao, Yongmin Tang
To identify an agent with specific activity against B-lineage leukemia stem cells (B-LSCs), we generated norcantharidin (NCTD)-encapsulated liposomes modified with a novel humanized anti-human CD19 monoclonal antibody, Hm2E8b (Hm2E8b-NCTD-liposomes). These liposomes were specially designed to recognize and kill B-LSCs in vitro, and to decrease non-specific cytotoxicity to untargeted cells. Hm2E8b-NCTD-liposomes selectively ablated B-LSCs through targeting hepatic leukemia factor (HLF), which is implicated in hematopoietic stem cell regulation and is overexpressed in LSCs...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615624/circulation-of-hadv-41-with-diverse-genome-types-and-recombination-in-acute-gastroenteritis-among-children-in-shanghai
#10
Peng Li, Lang Yang, Jiayin Guo, Wenwei Zou, Xuebin Xu, Xiaoxia Yang, Xinying Du, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song
Human adenovirus F (HAdV-F) is one of the major causative species detected in acute gastroenteritis in children worldwide. HAdV-F is composed of serotypes 40 and 41. Most studies have reported the prevalence of HAdV-41 and focused on its epidemiologic characteristics. In this study, seventeen samples were identified as HAdV-41 out of 273 fecal specimens from children with acute diarrhea in Shanghai. Five isolates were isolated and subjected to whole genome sequencing and analysis to characterize the genetic variation and evolution...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606225/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-analysis-of-children-and-adolescents-over-10-years-of-age-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Jun Wu, Ai-Dong Lu, Le-Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children and adolescents over 10 years of age with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: A total of 86 newly diagnosed ALL children and adolescents over 10 years of age (62 cases of B-ALL and 24 cases of T-ALL) were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed. Event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method...
June 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604457/up-regulation-of-transcription-factor-3-is-correlated-with-poor-prognosis-in-cervical-carcinoma
#12
Liwen Luo, Hongyu Zhang, Songwen Nian, Chaoqun Lv, Bing Ni, Dan Wang, Zhiqiang Tian
OBJECTIVES: Transcription factor 3 (TCF3, or E2A) is a multifunctional bHLH (basic helix loop helix) transcription factor. The role of TCF3 expression in cancer and the multiple cell signaling pathways that regulate or are influenced by TCF3 are unclear. Therefore, the expression level of TCF3 in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is discussed in this study. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602651/a-bhlh-code-for-sexually-dimorphic-form-and-function-of-the-c-%C3%A2-elegans-somatic-gonad
#13
Maria D Sallee, Hana E Littleford, Iva Greenwald
How sexually dimorphic gonads are generated is a fundamental question at the interface of developmental and evolutionary biology [1-3]. In C. elegans, sexual dimorphism in gonad form and function largely originates in different apportionment of roles to three regulatory cells of the somatic gonad primordium in young larvae. Their essential roles include leading gonad arm outgrowth, serving as the germline niche, connecting to epithelial openings, and organizing reproductive organ development. The development and function of the regulatory cells in both sexes requires the basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor HLH-2, the sole ortholog of the E proteins mammalian E2A and Drosophila Daughterless [4-8], yet how they adopt different fates to execute their different roles has been unknown...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584128/bcl11b-and-combinatorial-resolution-of-cell-fate-in-the-t-cell-gene-regulatory-network
#14
William J R Longabaugh, Weihua Zeng, Jingli A Zhang, Hiroyuki Hosokawa, Camden S Jansen, Long Li, Maile Romero-Wolf, Pentao Liu, Hao Yuan Kueh, Ali Mortazavi, Ellen V Rothenberg
T-cell development from hematopoietic progenitors depends on multiple transcription factors, mobilized and modulated by intrathymic Notch signaling. Key aspects of T-cell specification network architecture have been illuminated through recent reports defining roles of transcription factors PU.1, GATA-3, and E2A, their interactions with Notch signaling, and roles of Runx1, TCF-1, and Hes1, providing bases for a comprehensively updated model of the T-cell specification gene regulatory network presented herein...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571517/mechanistic-insights-into-the-activity-of-ptf1-p48-pancreas-transcription-factor-1a-probing-the-interactions-levels-of-ptf1-p48-with-e2a-e47-transcription-factor-e2-alpha-and-id3-inhibitor-of-dna-binding-3
#15
Nishith Saurav Topno, Muthu Kannan, Ramadas Krishna
Ptf1-p48 (Pancreas specific transcription factor 1a) is transcription regulatory protein known for the activation of exocrine specific genes. Downregulation of its expression formulates early stages of pancreatic adenocarcinoma as deduced by its association with oncogenic bHLH (Basic Helix-Loop-Helix) protein ID3 (Inhibitor of DNA binding 3) protein whose overexpression induces cytoplasmic mislocalization of Ptf1-p48. The precise mechanism and/or functional role of Ptf1-p48in promoting pancreatic cancer is vague...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514688/the-e-id-protein-axis-specifies-adaptive-lymphoid-cell-identity-and-suppresses-thymic-innate-lymphoid-cell-development
#16
Masaki Miyazaki, Kazuko Miyazaki, Kenian Chen, Yi Jin, Jacob Turner, Amanda J Moore, Rintaro Saito, Kenichi Yoshida, Seishi Ogawa, Hans-Reimer Rodewald, Yin C Lin, Hiroshi Kawamoto, Cornelis Murre
Innate and adaptive lymphoid development is orchestrated by the activities of E proteins and their antagonist Id proteins, but how these factors regulate early T cell progenitor (ETP) and innate lymphoid cell (ILC) development remains unclear. Using multiple genetic strategies, we demonstrated that E proteins E2A and HEB acted in synergy in the thymus to establish T cell identity and to suppress the aberrant development of ILCs, including ILC2s and lymphoid-tissue-inducer-like cells. E2A and HEB orchestrated T cell fate and suppressed the ILC transcription signature by activating the expression of genes associated with Notch receptors, T cell receptor (TCR) assembly, and TCR-mediated signaling...
May 16, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261265/new-insights-into-transcriptional-and-leukemogenic-mechanisms-of-aml1-eto-and-e2a-fusion-proteins
#17
Jian Li, Chun Guo, Nickolas Steinauer, Jinsong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Nearly 15% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases are caused by aberrant expression of AML1-ETO, a fusion protein generated by the t(8;21) chromosomal translocation. Since its discovery, AML1-ETO has served as a prototype to understand how leukemia fusion proteins deregulate transcription to promote leukemogenesis. Another leukemia fusion protein, E2A-Pbx1, generated by the t(1;19) translocation, is involved in acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs). While AML1-ETO and E2A-Pbx1 are structurally unrelated fusion proteins, we have recently shown that a common axis, the ETO/E-protein interaction, is involved in the regulation of both fusion proteins, underscoring the importance of studying protein-protein interactions in elucidating the mechanisms of leukemia fusion proteins...
August 2016: Frontiers in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183509/assessment-of-myocardial-microstructural-dynamics-by-in%C3%A2-vivo-diffusion-tensor-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#18
Sonia Nielles-Vallespin, Zohya Khalique, Pedro F Ferreira, Ranil de Silva, Andrew D Scott, Philip Kilner, Laura-Ann McGill, Archontis Giannakidis, Peter D Gatehouse, Daniel Ennis, Eric Aliotta, Majid Al-Khalil, Peter Kellman, Dumitru Mazilu, Robert S Balaban, David N Firmin, Andrew E Arai, Dudley J Pennell
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocytes are organized in microstructures termed sheetlets that reorientate during left ventricular thickening. Diffusion tensor cardiac magnetic resonance (DT-CMR) may enable noninvasive interrogation of in vivo cardiac microstructural dynamics. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition of abnormal myocardium with unknown sheetlet function. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to validate in vivo DT-CMR measures of cardiac microstructure against histology, characterize microstructural dynamics during left ventricular wall thickening, and apply the technique in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and DCM...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107608/the-increased-expression-of-tcf3-is-correlated-with-poor-prognosis-in-chinese-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#19
X Shen, J Yuan, M Zhang, W Li, B Ni, Y Wu, L Jiang, W Fan, Z Tian
OBJECTIVES: Regulatory factors controlling stem cell identity and self-renewal are often active in aggressive cancers and are thought to promote cancer growth and progression. B-cell-specific transcription factor 3 (TCF3/E2A) is a member of the T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF) transcription factor family that is central to regulating epidermal and embryonic stem cell identity. It has been reported that TCF3 was connected with the development and progression of a number of human cancers...
August 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056036/the-9aatad-is-exclusive-activation-domain-in-gal4
#20
Martin Piskacek, Marek Havelka, Martina Rezacova, Andrea Knight
The Gal4 protein is a well-known prototypic acidic activator that has multiple activation domains. We have previously identified a new activation domain called the nine amino acid transactivation domain (9aaTAD) in Gal4 protein. The family of the 9aaTAD activators currently comprises over 40 members including p53, MLL, E2A and other members of the Gal4 family; Oaf1, Pip2, Pdr1 and Pdr3. In this study, we revised function of all reported Gal4 activation domains. Surprisingly, we found that beside of the activation domain 9aaTAD none of the previously reported activation domains had considerable transactivation potential and were not involved in the activation of transcription...
2017: PloS One
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