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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454165/pituitary-gland-shrinkage-in-bipolar-disorder-the-role-of-gender
#1
Giuseppe Delvecchio, Gian Mario Mandolini, Cinzia Perlini, Marco Barillari, Veronica Marinelli, Mirella Ruggeri, A Carlo Altamura, Marcella Bellani, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Hyperactivity of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis (HPAA) has been consistently reported in mood disorders. However, only few studies investigated the Pituitary gland (PG) in Bipolar Disorder (BD) and the results are so far contrasting. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the integrity of the PG as well as the role of gender and the impact of clinical measurements on this structure in a sample of BD patients compared to healthy controls (HC). METHODS: 34 BD patients and 41 HC underwent a 1...
February 14, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453682/persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-and-histologic-chorioamnionitis-in-preterm-infants-controlled-study
#2
N Katz, Y Bar-Or, A Raucher-Sterrnfeld, A Tamir, D Kohelet
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn is one of the most challenging acute disorders of postnatal transition with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to find if there is an association between persistent pulmonary hypertension and histologic chorioamnionitis in preterm infants. 27 preterm infants with echocardiographic evidence of PPHN within the first 3 days of life were eligible for the study. A matched control group of 27 patients was chosen according to gestational age, date of birth, and gender...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453590/attribution-of-weight-regain-to-emotional-reasons-amongst-european-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-who-regained-weight-following-a-weight-loss-attempt
#3
Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Susanne Pedersen, Marta M Marques, Pedro J Teixeira, Liisa Lähteenmäki, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Falko F Sniehotta
PURPOSE: Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with emotional difficulties...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452966/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-of-childhood-trauma-and-the-course-of-illness-in-schizophrenia
#4
Krisztina Kocsis-Bogár, Veronika Mészáros, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
INTRODUCTION: Different types of childhood trauma have been repeatedly shown to contribute to psychotic symptoms. Gender differences in schizophrenia are well known. Some studies argue that trauma history means a significantly higher risk of psychosis for women than men. However, there is evidence of early adverse life events to be associated with higher stress-sensitivity in men. Little is known about the connection of specific type of trauma and specific psychotic symptoms as well as the course of illness with explicit regard to gender differences...
February 13, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452906/extracranial-arterial-wall-volume-is-increased-and-shows-relationships-with-vascular-mri-measures-in-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Stephen Ball, Sarah Al-Bachari, Laura M Parkes, Hedley C A Emsley, Charles N McCollum
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, often complicated by dementia. Cardiovascular risk factors and spontaneous cerebral emboli (SCE) are strongly associated with Alzheimer's (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). We measured SCE in the middle cerebral artery and arterial wall volume in the extracranial arteries in patients with IPD and controls, and explored the relationships with structural and physiological MRI brain neurovascular measures...
February 10, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452780/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-cognitive-impairment-with-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-older-population
#6
Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Javier Santabárbara, Luis Lobo-Escolar, Helena Salvador-Rosés, Concepción De la Cámara, Raul Lopez-Anton, Patricia Gracia-García, Antonio Lobo-Escolar
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that differences by gender will be observed in the association of hip fracture risk with stages of cognitive impairment; and to explore the association between Petersen's "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) and DSM-5 "mild neurocognitive disorder" (MND). STUDY DESIGN: A community sample of 4803 individuals aged 55+ years was assessed in a two-phase case-finding enquiry in Zaragoza, Spain, and was followed up for 16 years...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452750/-consequences-of-chronic-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#7
Rocío Cáceres-Matos, Eugenia Gil-García, Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Esther Molina, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine and map the consequences of chronic pain in children and adolescents. METHOD: A scoping review was carried out in the international databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, WOS and CINAHL, Cochrane Library) and gray literature. We included documents that addressed psychosocial aspects that influence chronic pain, published in English between 2010 and 2016. We excluded the documents that dealt with pharmacological treatments, chronic pain derived from surgical interventions or where there was no access to full text...
February 13, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452199/establishment-of-the-nasal-microbiota-in-the-first-18-months-of-life-correlation-with-early-onset-rhinitis-and-wheezing
#8
Le Duc Huy Ta, Gaik Chin Yap, Carina Jing Xuan Tay, Alicia Shi Min Lim, Chiung Hui Huang, Collins Wenhan Chu, Paola Florez De Sessions, Lynette P Shek, Anne Goh, Hugo P S Van Bever, Oon Hoe Teoh, Jian Yi Soh, Biju Thomas, Mahesh Babu Ramamurthy, Daniel Y T Goh, Christophe Lay, Shu-E Soh, Yiong Huak Chan, Seang-Mei Saw, Kenneth Kwek, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Martin Lloyd Hibberd, Bee Wah Lee
BACKGROUND: The dynamic establishment of the nasal microbiota in early life influences local mucosal immune responses and the susceptibility to childhood respiratory disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to monitor, evaluate and compare the development of the nasal microbiota of infants who developed rhinitis and wheeze in the first 18 months of life with those of healthy controls. METHODS: Anterior nasal swabs of 122 subjects belonging to the GUSTO birth cohort were collected longitudinally over seven time points in the first 18 months of life...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452149/facial-gender-but-not-emotion-distinguishes-neural-responses-of-10-to-13-year-old-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder-from-healthy-and-clinical-controls
#9
Verena Keil, Andero Uusberg, Jens Blechert, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Julian Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined neural and behavioral responses to angry, happy and neutral faces in childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Behavioral (reaction time and accuracy) and electrocortical measures (P100, N170, EPN, LPP) were assessed during a facial emotion identification task in children (age 10-13) with SAD (n = 32), clinical controls with mixed anxiety disorders (n = 30), and healthy controls (n = 33). RESULTS: Overall, there were no group differences in behavioral or neural responses to emotional faces...
February 13, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451636/-potentially-traumatic-events-and-post-traumatic-symptomatology-in-high-school-students
#10
Sheila Adriana Mendoza-Mojica, Octavio Márquez-Mendoza, Marcela Veytia-López, Luciana Esther Ramos-Lira, Ricardo Orozco-Zavala
OBJECTIVE: Describe the occurrence of potentially traumatic events (PTE) in high-school students, measure subthreshold post-traumatic symptomatology in those who still experience PTE repercussions and associate the symptomatology with sociodemographic and PTE characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytic transversal study carried out in a convenience sample of one thousand students from three high schools in the State of Mexico. The Scale for Post Traumatic Stress in University Students was applied...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451584/exposure-to-violence-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-brazilian-youth
#11
Thiago M Fidalgo, Zila M Sanchez, Sheila C Caetano, Solange Andreoni, Adriana Sanudo, Qixuan Chen, Sílvia S Martins
OBJECTIVE: The effects of exposure to violent events in adolescence have not been sufficiently studied in middle-income countries such as Brazil. The aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 12-year-olds in two neighborhoods with different socioeconomic status (SES) levels in São Paulo and to examine the influence of previous violent events and SES on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Students from nine public schools in two neighborhoods of São Paulo were recruited...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451184/the-long-term-outcomes-of-cirrhotic-patients-with-pleural-effusion
#12
Tsung-Hsing Hung, Chih-Wei Tseng, Chih-Chun Tsai, Chen-Chi Tsai, Kuo-Chih Tseng, Yu-Hsi Hsieh
Background/Aim: A pleural effusion is an abnormal collection of fluid in the pleural space and may cause related morbidity or mortality in cirrhotic patients. Currently, there are insufficient data to support the long-term prognosis for cirrhotic patients with pleural effusion. In this study, we investigated the short- and long-term effects of pleural effusion on mortality in cirrhotic patients and evaluated the benefit of liver transplantation in these patients. Patients and Methods: The National Health Insurance Database, derived from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, was used to identify 3,487 cirrhotic patients with pleural effusion requiring drainage between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2010...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451141/associations-between-body-composition-indices-and-metabolic-disorders-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#13
Rong Zhang, Sheng-Yong Dong, Fei Wang, Cong Ma, Xiao-Lan Zhao, Qiang Zeng, Ao Fei
Background: Obesity induces dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and inflammatory state, which results in atherogenic processes, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. We usually use body composition indices, such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), waist circumference-height ratio (WHtR), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) to reflect the obesity. The aim of this large population-based cross-sectional study was to investigate the associations between body composition indices and metabolic parameters in Chinese adults...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451009/risk-factors-influencing-severity-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-sample-of-preparatory-school-students-in-cairo
#14
Hisham Ramy, Mona El Sheikh, Marwa Sultan, Rasha Bassim, Maissa Eid, Ramy Ali, Marwa El Missiry
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. Severity of symptoms is associated with more behavioral problems, poor academic performance, and persistence of symptoms into adulthood. METHODS: To examine the clinical and social correlates that may be identified as risk factors associated with ADHD severity in a sample of adolescent ADHD school students. A total of 925 students were recruited from two public and two private schools from eastern Cairo...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450226/alcohol-reduction-in-the-first-trimester-is-unrelated-to-smoking-patient-or-pregnancy-characteristics
#15
Kristen A Schmidt, Andrew J Lancia, Saad Alvi, Jean C Aldag
Introduction: Studies show alcohol-preferring mice reduce their alcohol intake during pregnancy; this study questions if the same is true for humans. The current investigation compares women's pre-pregnancy and first trimester alcohol consumption, examines if women with problem drinking diminish their alcohol intake during pregnancy, and determines if prenatal alcohol reduction is associated with characteristics of pregnancy, patients or smoking. Methods: 126 participants in weeks 1-12 of pregnancy, recruited from Obstetric and Family Practices, completed a survey during their initial prenatal visit including two gender-specific AUDITs (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Tests) querying current and pre-pregnancy alcohol use...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450224/individual-differences-in-implicit-learning-abilities-and-impulsive-behavior-in-the-context-of-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder-under-the-consideration-of-gender
#16
Rayna Sariyska, Bernd Lachmann, Sebastian Markett, Martin Reuter, Christian Montag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446964/gender-and-age-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-following-a-motor-vehicle-accident
#17
Ihori Kobayashi, Eve M Sledjeski, Douglas L Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: Women have a greater overall risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than men after exposure to trauma. In addition to gender, other sociodemographic factors have been identified as risk factors for PTSD; however, research has typically examined these factors separately. Age has been found to contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders, and both linear and curvilinear relationships have been reported between age and risk of developing PTSD. Recent research has suggested that this relationship may vary depending on gender...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446659/association-analysis-of-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-val66met-polymorphism-and-gender-with-efficacy-of-antidepressants-in-the-chinese-han-population-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#18
Min Lin, Jianying Zhu, Yonggui Yuan, Lie Ren, Mincai Qian, Zhongxia Shen, Yongliang Shao, Xinhua Shen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study was designed to explore the relationship between the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and antidepressants' efficacy in the Chinese Han population with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 206 patients who met the diagnostic criteria for GAD into the test group, and assigned 209 healthy participants to the control group. All participants were genotyped for the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism...
February 15, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445772/a-review-of-evidence-based-treatments-for-transgender-youth-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Samantha Busa, Aron Janssen, Mallika Lakshman
In addition to the high prevalence of gender dysphoria among transgender youth, this population is at greater risk of suffering from additional mental health disorders, including social anxiety disorder, compared to their cisgender peers. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been established as an effective form of treatment for social anxiety disorder. It is recommended that therapists modify and adapt CBT when working with minority groups such as transgender youth to ensure that the treatment is efficacious and culturally sensitive...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445280/the-differences-between-patients-with-panic-disorder-and-healthy-controls-in-psychophysiological-stress-profile
#20
Antonia Kotianova, Michal Kotian, Milos Slepecky, Michaela Chupacova, Jan Prasko, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
Background: Alarming somatic symptoms, in particular, cardiovascular symptoms, are the characteristic feature of panic attacks. Increased cardiac mortality and morbidity have been found in these patients. Power spectral analysis of electrocardiogram R-R intervals is known to be a particularly successful tool in the detection of autonomic instabilities in various clinical disorders. Our study aimed to compare patients with panic disorder and healthy controls in heart rate variation (HRV) parameters (very-low-frequency [VLF], low-frequency [LF], and high-frequency [HF] band components of R-R interval) in baseline and during the response to the mental task...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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