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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#1
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776366/estimating-benefit-equity-of-government-health-subsidy-in-healthcare-services-in-shandong-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Wenzhe Qin, Lingzhong Xu, Jiajia Li, Long Sun, Gan Ding, Hui Shao, Ningze Xu
BACKGROUND: Government health subsidy (GHS) is an effective tool to improve population health in China. Ensuring an equitable allocation of GHS, particularly among the poorer socio-economic groups, is a major goal of China's healthcare reform. The paper aims to explore how GHS was allocated across different socioeconomic groups, and how well the overall health system was performing in terms of the allocation of subsidy for different types of health services. METHODS: Data from China's National Health Services Survey (NHSS) in 2013 were used...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#3
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770703/medical-quality-2018-improving-population-health-through-equity-and-patient-advocacy
#4
Cindy S Lee, Mark Lyles, Donald E Casey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770210/identification-of-publicly-available-data-sources-to-inform-the-conduct-of-health-technology-assessment-in-india
#5
Laura Downey, Neethi Rao, Lorna Guinness, Miqdad Asaria, Shankar Prinja, Anju Sinha, Rajni Kant, Arvind Pandey, Francoise Cluzeau, Kalipso Chalkidou
Background: Health technology assessment (HTA) provides a globally-accepted and structured approach to synthesising evidence for cost and clinical effectiveness alongside ethical and equity considerations to inform evidence-based priorities. India is one of the most recent countries to formally commit to institutionalising HTA as an integral component of the heath resource allocation decision-making process. The effective conduct of HTA depends on the availability of reliable data.   Methods : We draw from our experience of collecting, synthesizing, and analysing health-related datasets in India and internationally, to highlight the complex requirements for undertaking HTA, and explore the availability of such data in India...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768601/improving-patient-care-trajectories-an-innovative-quasi-experimental-research-method-for-health-services
#6
Eneida Rached Campos, Djalma de Carvalho Moreira-Filho, Marcos Tadeu Nolasco da Silva
Scores to predict treatment outcomes have earned a well-deserved place in healthcare practice. However, when used to help achieve excellence in the care of a given disease, scores should also take into account organizational and social aspects. This article aims to create scores to obtain key variables and its application in the management of care of a given disease. We present a method called Epidemiological Planning for Patient Care Trajectory (PELC) and its application in a research of HIV pediatric patients...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768133/data-source-mapping-an-essential-step-for-health-inequality-monitoring
#7
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Suparmi, Nunik Kusumawardani
The task of health inequality monitoring is not possible without the availability of appropriate and high-quality data at various levels. Data source mapping - a process by which data sources are systematically enlisted, their properties detailed and each source appraised for the purposes of monitoring - is an essential initial step for health inequality monitoring. We outline a simple process along with a template for data source mapping and its application in Indonesia, concluding with the lessons learned from this process, in terms of both challenges as well as the opportunities and advantages arising from the use of equity-related data from the Indonesian health information system...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766353/how-ethical-is-our-current-delivery-of-care-to-patients-with-severe-and-complicated-obesity
#8
REVIEW
Hilary Craig, Carel le Roux, Fiona Keogh, Francis M Finucane
Despite overwhelming evidence that bariatric interventions reduce morbidity and mortality and are cost-effective, access for affected patients is limited. We sought to describe the extent to which health policy makers and publically funded health services have an ethical obligation to provide bariatric care. We conducted a narrative review of the literature pertaining to the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgical interventions, in the context of the core principles of medical ethics...
May 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765008/housing-assistance-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Natalie Slopen, Andrew Fenelon, Sandra Newman, Michel Boudreaux
CONTEXT: Given a large and consistent literature revealing a link between housing and health, publicly supported housing assistance programs might play an important role in promoting the health of disadvantaged children. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate research in which authors examine housing assistance and child health. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and PAIS (1990-2017). STUDY SELECTION: Eligible studies were required to contain assessments of public housing, multifamily housing, or vouchers in relation to a health outcome in children (ages 0-21); we excluded neighborhood mobility interventions...
May 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763684/promoting-health-equity-to-prevent-crime
#10
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
Traditionally, research activities aimed at diminishing health inequalities and preventing crime have been conducted in isolation, with relatively little cross-fertilization. We argue that moving forward, transdisciplinary collaborations that employ a life-course perspective constitute a productive approach to minimizing both health disparities and early delinquent involvement. Specifically, we propose a multidimensional framework that integrates findings on health disparities and crime across the early life-course and emphasizes the role of racial and socioeconomic disparities in health...
May 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763363/a-pilot-study-of-a-culturally-grounded-breastfeeding-intervention-for-pregnant-low-income-african-american-women
#11
Rebecca Reno
BACKGROUND: Increasing breastfeeding rates among low-income African American women may work toward the achievement of health equity. The dynamic breastfeeding assessment process (D-BAP) is a community-grounded, equity-focused intervention designed to increase prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy. Research aim: The aims of the pilot study were (a) to determine the effect of the D-BAP on breastfeeding self-efficacy among pregnant, low-income African American women, (b) to examine the findings among women with no previous breastfeeding experience, and (c) to compare the findings between women with prior breastfeeding experience and those without it...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762517/the-potential-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-impacts-of-restricting-television-advertising-of-unhealthy-food-and-beverages-to-australian-children
#12
Vicki Brown, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Lennert Veerman, Gary Sacks, Anita Lal, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer, Marjory Moodie
Television (TV) advertising of food and beverages high in fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) influences food preferences and consumption. Children from lower socioeconomic position (SEP) have higher exposure to TV advertising due to more time spent watching TV. This paper sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of legislation to restrict HFSS TV advertising until 9:30 pm, and to examine how health benefits and healthcare cost-savings differ by SEP. Cost-effectiveness modelling was undertaken (i) at the population level, and (ii) by area-level SEP...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759304/-tools-to-assess-the-impact-on-health-of-public-health-programmes-and-community-interventions-from-an-equity-perspective
#13
Óscar Suárez Álvarez, Ana Fernández-Feito, Henar Vallina Crespo, Elena Aldasoro Unamuno, Rafael Cofiño
It is essential to develop a comprehensive approach to institutionally promoted interventions to assess their impact on health from the perspective of the social determinants of health and equity. Simple, adapted tools must be developed to carry out these assessments. The aim of this paper is to present two tools to assess the impact of programmes and community-based interventions on the social determinants of health. The first tool is intended to assess health programmes through interviews and analysis of information provided by the assessment team...
May 11, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753355/setting-the-boundaries-for-economic-evaluation-investigating-time-horizon-and-family-effects-in-the-case-of-postnatal-depression
#14
Jemimah Ride
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the impact of varying the boundaries of economic evaluation: time horizon and inclusion of family effects. The context is postnatal mental health, where although advocates for investment often include longer-term and family problems in describing the burden of postnatal depression, economic evaluations are usually limited to mothers' effects with a relatively short time horizon. This discrepancy may lead to suboptimal allocation of healthcare resources...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751836/inequities-and-their-determinants-in-coverage-of-maternal-health-services-in-burkina-faso
#15
Takondwa Mwase, Stephan Brenner, Jacob Mazalale, Julia Lohmann, Saidou Hamadou, Serge M A Somda, Valery Ridde, Manuela De Allegri
BACKGROUND: Poor and marginalized segments of society often display the worst health status due to limited access to health enhancing interventions. It follows that in order to enhance the health status of entire populations, inequities in access to health care services need to be addressed as an inherent element of any effort targeting Universal Health Coverage. In line with this observation and the need to generate evidence on the equity status quo in sub-Saharan Africa, we assessed the magnitude of the inequities and their determinants in coverage of maternal health services in Burkina Faso...
May 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749300/-centering-the-margins-moving-equity-to-the-center-of-men-s-health-research
#16
Derek M Griffith
How might the science of men's health progress if research on marginalized or subordinated men is moved from the margins of the literature to the center? This commentary seeks to answer this question, suggesting that if more attention is paid to men of color and other marginalized men, the field will be greatly enriched in its ability to understand determinants of men's health. Reimagining men's health by moving men's health disparities to a primary focus of the field may yield critical new insights that would be essential to moving men's health to the center of health equity research...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747550/influence-of-organisational-culture-on-the-implementation-of-health-sector-reforms-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-interpretive-review
#17
Rahab Mbau, Lucy Gilson
BACKGROUND: Health systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, are commonly plagued by poor access, poor performance, inefficient use and inequitable distribution of resources. To improve health system efficiency, equity and effectiveness, the World Development Report of 1993 proposed a first wave of health sector reforms, which has been followed by further waves. Various authors, however, suggest that the early reforms did not lead to the anticipated improvements. They offer, as one plausible explanation for this gap, the limited consideration given to the influence over implementation of the software aspects of the health system, such as organisational culture - which has not previously been fully investigated...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747065/factors-associated-with-child-protection-recurrence-in-australia
#18
Brian Q Jenkins, Clare Tilbury, Hennessey Hayes, Paul Mazerolle
The aim of the current research was to advance understanding of child protection in Australia by examining the factors associated with recurrence of child protection notifications to the formal child protection system. Extant research has been primarily undertaken in the USA and it is important to understand whether similar factors associated with recurrence actually hold in the Australian context. Administrative data were obtained for a sample of 9608 children first subject to a screened-in report in 2011-12...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743230/proactive-strategies-to-address-health-equity-and-disparities-recommendations-from-a-bi-national-symposium
#19
Jeannie Haggerty, Marshall H Chin, Alan Katz, Kue Young, Jonathan Foley, Antoine Groulx, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Jeff Turnbull, Jennifer E DeVoe, Uche Uchendo
INTRODUCTION: Health inequities persist in Canada and the United States. Both countries show differential health status and health care quality by social characteristics, making zip or postal code a greater predictor of health than genetics. Many social determinants of health overlap in the same individuals or communities, exacerbating their vulnerability. Many of the contributing factors and problems are structural and evade simple solutions. METHODS: In March 2017 a binational Canada-US symposium was held in Washington DC involving 150 primary care thought leaders, including clinicians, researchers, patients, and policy makers to address transformation in integrated primary care...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741953/advancing-health-equity-facilitating-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-among-public-health-departments
#20
Kimberly Narain, Frederick Zimmerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: American Journal of Public Health
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