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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545415/capturing-how-age-friendly-communities-foster-positive-health-social-participation-and-health-equity-a-study-protocol-of-key-components-and-processes-that-promote-population-health-in-aging-canadians
#1
Mélanie Levasseur, Marie-France Dubois, Mélissa Généreux, Verena Menec, Parminder Raina, Mathieu Roy, Catherine Gabaude, Yves Couturier, Catherine St-Pierre
BACKGROUND: To address the challenges of the global aging population, the World Health Organization promoted age-friendly communities as a way to foster the development of active aging community initiatives. Accordingly, key components (i.e., policies, services and structures related to the communities' physical and social environments) should be designed to be age-friendly and help all aging adults to live safely, enjoy good health and stay involved in their communities. Although age-friendly communities are believed to be a promising way to help aging Canadians lead healthy and active lives, little is known about which key components best foster positive health, social participation and health equity, and their underlying mechanisms...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545246/increasing-the-use-of-urban-greenways-in-developing-countries-a-case-study-on-wutong-greenway-in-shenzhen-china
#2
Yiyong Chen, Weiying Gu, Tao Liu, Lei Yuan, Mali Zeng
Given the benefits of urban greenways on the health and well-being of urban populations, the increased use of urban greenways has garnered increasing attention. Studies on urban greenways, however, have been mostly conducted in Western countries, whereas there is limited knowledge on greenway use in urban areas in developing countries. To address this shortcoming, the present study selected Wutong Greenway in Shenzhen, China, as a case study and focused on the use pattern and factors that influence the frequency and duration of urban greenway use in developing countries...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542064/assessing-community-leadership-understanding-community-capacity-for-health-improvement
#3
Billie Castle, Monica Wendel, Brandy N Kelly Pryor, Monique Ingram
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot a quantitative instrument to measure aspects of community leadership within an assessment framework. DESIGN: The instrument includes 14 Likert-type questions asking residents how they perceive leaders within 5 sectors: Louisville Metro Council/Mayor's Office, the faith community, education, business, and the civic sector. SETTING: Louisville/Jefferson County, Kentucky, has a population of about 743 000 residents...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542021/advancing-health-equity-by-increasing-access-to-17p
#4
Claire M Rudolph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538912/equity-promotion-policies-in-health-for-vulnerable-groups-the-role-of-the-ministry-of-health
#5
Sandra Aparecida Venâncio de Siqueira, Eliane Hollanda, José Inácio Jardim Motta
This article aims to analyze Equity Promotion Policies in Health implemented by the Ministry of Health for vulnerable groups, through the Department of Strategy and Participative Management based on race, ethnicity, gender and lifestyle markers. The three structural elements of these policies are identified as: participatory management, transversality and awareness / professional qualifications. In carrying out research for this article, different documental sources were used including: policies, videos, conferences and minutes from council meetings as well as information from health committees...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538789/use-access-and-equity-in-health-care-services-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#6
Camila Nascimento Monteiro, Mariëlle A Beenackers, Moisés Goldbaum, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Reinaldo José Gianini, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Johan P Mackenbach
The study analyzed how socioeconomic factors are associated with seeking, access, use, and quality of health care services in São Paulo, Brazil. Data were obtained from two household health surveys in São Paulo. We used logistic regression to analyze associations between socioeconomic factors and seeking, access, use, and quality of health care services. Access to health care services was high among those who sought it (94.91% in 2003 and 94.98% in 2008). The proportion of access to and use of health care services did not change significantly from 2003 to 2008...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537950/factors-associated-with-success-of-clinician-researchers-receiving-career-development-awards-from-the-national-institutes-of-health-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Reshma Jagsi, Kent A Griffith, Rochelle D Jones, Abigail Stewart, Peter A Ubel
PURPOSE: Understanding the careers of recent career development awardees is essential to guide interventions to ensure gender equity and success in academic medicine. METHOD: In 2010-2011 (T1) and 2014 (T2), 1,719 clinician-researchers who received new K08 and K23 awards in 2006-2009 were longitudinally surveyed. Multivariable analyses evaluated the influence of factors on success, including demographics, job characteristics, work environment, priorities, and domestic responsibilities...
May 23, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#8
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535230/race-vs-burden-in-understanding-health-equity-reply
#9
David A Kindig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535227/race-vs-burden-in-understanding-health-equity
#10
Rachel R Hardeman, Eduardo M Medina, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532557/pd-first-policy-thailand-s-response-to-the-challenge-of-meeting-the-needs-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#11
REVIEW
Piyatida Chuengsaman, Vijj Kasemsup
Providing dialysis for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients nationwide in a developing country such as Thailand is challenging. Even after roll-out of the Thai Universal Coverage Scheme in 2002, treatment for ESKD was not covered and patients struggled to afford dialysis. There was an urgent need to improve financial risk protection for patients with ESKD. Advocacy by nephrologists, health economists, and civil society seeking equity in access to dialysis, and responsiveness from policy makers, led to the methodical development of the Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) First policy and marked a turning point in ESKD care in Thailand...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#12
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#13
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511714/assessing-equity-in-the-distribution-of-high-technology-medical-equipment-in-guangxi-evidence-from-an-ethnic-minority-region-in-southern-china
#14
Jian Sun, Hai Gu, Qiulin Wen, Hongye Luo
BACKGROUND: High-technology medical equipment (HTME) are important health resources. However, there is unequal distribution of these equipment in favor of metropolis and well equipped health facilities. This study sought to examine the equity gaps in the distribution of HTME in Guangxi. The results of this study could shed light on the future HTME allocation in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. METHODS: Data related to HTME was sourced from a general investigation of all the hospitals of Guangxi...
May 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509955/volunteers-experiences-delivering-a-community-university-chronic-disease-health-awareness-program-for-south-asian-older-adults
#15
Polly Ford-Jones, Tamara Daly
Volunteers and voluntary organizations can connect preventative health care programs to communities and may play an important role in addressing the health needs of older adults. Despite this, tensions may exist in the structures that drive volunteers and voluntary organizations representing immigrant communities to provide unpaid labour to augment and supplement health care services. Furthermore, organizational challenges may exist for community agencies relying on volunteers to sustain a health screening and education program...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505324/inequalities-in-smoking-prevalence-a-missed-opportunity-for-tobacco-control-in-pakistan
#16
Haleema Masud, Oyinlola Oyebode
Background: Pakistan is one of the highest tobacco consuming countries in South Asia and consumption is increasing. To implement equity orientated tobacco control policies, the most vulnerable groups must be identified. We aimed to identify these groups using the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012-13. Methods: Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore household and participant characteristics associated with smoking inside the home or tobacco smoking, respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502248/how-do-private-health-plans-manage-specialty-behavioral-health-treatment-entry-and-continuing-care
#17
Amity E Quinn, Sharon Reif, Elizabeth L Merrick, Constance M Horgan, Deborah W Garnick, Maureen T Stewart
OBJECTIVE: This study examined private health plans' arrangements for accessing and continuing specialty behavioral health treatment in 2010 as federal health reforms were being implemented. These management practices have historically been stricter in behavioral health care than in general medical care; however, the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2010 required parity in management policies. METHODS: The data source was a nationally representative survey of private health plans' behavioral health treatment management approaches in 2010...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499847/grade-equity-guidelines-2-considering-health-equity-in-the-grade-guideline-development-process
#18
Elie A Akl, Vivian Welch, Kevin Pottie, Javier Eslava-Schmalbach, Andrea Darzi, Ivan Sola, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Jasvinder Singh, M Hassan Murad, Joerg Meerpohl, Roger Stanev, Eddy Lang, Elizabeth Matovinovic, Beverley Shea, Thomas Agoritsas, Paul E Alexander, Alexandra Snellman, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, David Gloss, Lehana Thabane, Chunhu Shi, Airton T Stein, Ravi Sharaf, Matthias Briel, Gordon Guyatt, Holger Schünemann, Peter Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: to provide guidance for guideline developers on how to consider health equity at key stages of the guideline development process. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: literature review followed by group discussions and consensus building. RESULTS: The key stages at which guideline developers could consider equity include setting priorities, guideline group membership, identifying the target audience(s), generating the guideline questions, considering the importance of outcomes and interventions, deciding what evidence to include and searching for evidence, summarising the evidence and considering additional information, wording of recommendations, and evaluation and use...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#19
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495121/approaches-to-appropriate-care-delivery-from-a-policy-perspective-a-case-study-of-australia-england-and-switzerland
#20
Joelle Robertson-Preidler, Matthew Anstey, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Alexandra Norrish
BACKGROUND: Appropriateness is a conceptual way for health systems to balance Triple Aim priorities for improving population health, containing per capita cost, and improving the patient experience of care. Comparing system approaches to appropriate care delivery can help health systems establish priorities and facilitate appropriate care practices. METHODS: We conceptualized system appropriateness by identifying policies that aim to achieve the Triple Aim and their consequent trade-offs for financing, clinical practice, and the individual patient...
April 29, 2017: Health Policy
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