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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209280/community-level-inequalities-in-concussion-education-of-youth-football-coaches
#1
Emily Kroshus, Zachary Y Kerr, Joseph G L Lee
INTRODUCTION: USA Football has made the Heads Up Football (HUF) concussion education program available for coaches of youth football players. Existing evidence about the effectiveness of the HUF coach education program is equivocal. For HUF and other programs, there is growing concern that even effective interventions can increase inequalities if there is different uptake or impact by SES or other demographic factors. Understanding how adoption is patterned along these lines is important for understanding equity issues in youth football...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202932/the-use-and-impact-of-digital-technology-on-population-health-and-health-equity-gains-a-sponsored-e-supplement
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202740/health-equity-considerations-for-developing-and-reporting-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-a-report-from-the-omeract-equity-special-interest-group
#5
Jennifer Petkovic, Jennifer L Barton, Caroline Flurey, Niti Goel, Christie M Bartels, Cheryl Barnabe, Maarten P T de Wit, Anne Lyddiatt, Diane Lacaille, Vivian Welch, Annelies Boonen, Beverley Shea, Robin Christensen, Lara J Maxwell, Willemina Campbell, Janet Jull, Karine Toupin-April, Jasvinder A Singh, Charles H Goldsmith, Antoine G Sreih, Christoph Pohl, Catherine Hofstetter, Dorcas E Beaton, Rachelle Buchbinder, Francis Guillemin, Peter S Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances integrating patient-centered outcomes into rheumatologic studies, concerns remain regarding their representativeness across diverse patient groups and how this affects equity. The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Equity Working Group aims to determine whether and how to address equity issues within the core outcome sets of domains and instruments. METHODS: We surveyed current and previous OMERACT meeting attendees and members of the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Group regarding whether to address equity issues within the OMERACT Filter 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199646/equity-in-global-health-research-in-the-new-millennium-trends-in-first-authorship-for-randomized-controlled-trials-among-low-and-middle-income-country-researchers-1990-2013
#6
Margaret Kelaher, Lye Ng, Kieran Knight, Arie Rahadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193601/squaring-the-circle-health-as-a-bridge-to-global-solidarity-in-the-sustainable-development-goals
#7
B Williams, S Taylor
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), launched in September 2015 to follow on from the Millennium Development Goals, require action by all countries. The new goals range from traditional areas of health and education to a newer focus on global trade and environmental protection. We discuss how all countries can be incentivised to engage and commit and argue that thoughtful target-setting and benchmarking, a more aggressive focus on equity and an emphasis on the interdependence of health and non-health development goals are key to meaningful progress...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193383/community-based-bundled-interventions-for-reproductive-and-child-health-in-informal-settlements-evidence-efficiency-and-equity
#8
Sabu S Padmadas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188563/how-do-kenyan-orphan-girls-experience-less-meaningful-lives-and-how-much-does-it-matter-for-health
#9
Michael L Goodman, Thomas M Johnson, Shannon Guillot-Wright, Katherine Ackerman Porter, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
BACKGROUND: Currently, 2.5 million orphaned children are living in Kenya and 56 million orphaned children are living across sub-Saharan Africa. No empirical research has investigated meaningfulness of life among this population, and few studies provide perspectives on the life-course consequences of losing a parent during childhood. METHODS: In this study, we assess life meaningfulness in cross section of Kenyan women (n = 1974) in a semi-rural area of the country (Meru County) collected during June 2015...
February 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187766/impact-of-universal-interventions-on-social-inequalities-in-physical-activity-among-older-adults-an-equity-focused-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gesa Lehne, Gabriele Bolte
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is one of the most important contributors to healthy aging. Public health strategies aiming to promote physical activity among older adults are increasingly being implemented. However, little is known about their impact on social inequalities. Purpose of the study was to analyze whether and how studies of interventions consider effects on social inequalities in physical activity among older adults. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched to identify quantitative studies evaluating the effects of interventions on self-reported or objectively measured physical activity among the general population of older adults (≥50 years)...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185590/how-can-health-systems-research-reach-the-worst-off-a-conceptual-exploration
#11
REVIEW
Bridget Pratt, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Health systems research is increasingly being conducted in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Such research should aim to reduce health disparities between and within countries as a matter of global justice. For such research to do so, ethical guidance that is consistent with egalitarian theories of social justice proposes it ought to (amongst other things) focus on worst-off countries and research populations. Yet who constitutes the worst-off is not well-defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: By applying existing work on disadvantage from political philosophy, the paper demonstrates that (at least) two options exist for how to define the worst-off upon whom equity-oriented health systems research should focus: those who are worst-off in terms of health or those who are systematically disadvantaged...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183341/assessing-the-feasibility-of-ehealth-and-mhealth-a-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-initiatives-implemented-in-kenya
#12
REVIEW
Martin Njoroge, Dejan Zurovac, Esther A A Ogara, Jane Chuma, Doris Kirigia
BACKGROUND: The growth of Information and Communication Technology in Kenya has facilitated implementation of a large number of eHealth projects in a bid to cost-effectively address health and health system challenges. This systematic review aims to provide a situational analysis of eHealth initiatives being implemented in Kenya, including an assessment of the areas of focus and geographic distribution of the health projects. The search strategy involved peer and non-peer reviewed sources of relevant information relating to projects under implementation in Kenya...
February 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182803/patient-level-exclusions-from-mhealth-in-a-safety-net-health-system
#13
Keiki Hinami, Bhrandon A Harris, Ricardo Uriostegui, Wilnise Jasmin, Mario Lopez, William E Trick
Excitement about mobile health (mHealth) for improving care transitions is fueled by widespread adoption of smartphones across all social segments, but new disparities can emerge around nonadopters of technology-based communications. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of urban low-income adults to assess inadequate reading health literacy and limited English proficiency as factors affecting access to and engagement with mHealth. Although the proportion owning smartphones were comparable to national figures, adjusted analysis showed fewer patients with inadequate reading health literacy having Internet access (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182281/essential-medicines-for-children
#14
Hoppu Kalle
WHO defines Essential medicines as those that satisfy the priority health-care needs of the population (1). The right to Essential medicines has been considered an important component of the right to health. In the name of equity children should also have access to appropriate, available, affordable, and quality essential medicines they need, but children's essential medicines are too often missing. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 9, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177822/choosing-health-equity-investing-in-optimal-and-equitable-health-for-all
#15
George Rust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167724/increased-service-use-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-associated-with-mental-health-parity-law
#16
Elizabeth A Stuart, Emma E McGinty, Luther Kalb, Haiden A Huskamp, Susan H Busch, Teresa B Gibson, Howard Goldman, Colleen L Barry
Health care services for children with autism spectrum disorder are often expensive and frequently not covered under private health insurance. The 2008 Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act was viewed as a possible means of improving access by eliminating differences between behavioral health and medical/surgical benefits. We examined whether the legislation was associated with increased use of and spending on mental health care and functional services for children with autism spectrum disorder compared to the period prior to implementation of the law...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166801/assessing-the-health-impact-of-transnational-corporations-a-case-study-on-mcdonald-s-australia
#17
Julia Anaf, Frances E Baum, Matt Fisher, Elizabeth Harris, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: The practices of transnational corporations affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or influencing the regulatory structures governing their activities. There has been limited research on community exposures to TNC policies and practices. Our pilot research used McDonald's Australia to test methods for assessing the health impacts of one TNC within Australia. METHODS: We adapted existing Health Impact Assessment methods to assess McDonald's activities...
February 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166779/assessing-the-impoverishing-effects-and-factors-associated-with-the-incidence-of-catastrophic-health-care-payments-in-kenya
#18
Edwine W Barasa, Thomas Maina, Nirmala Ravishankar
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure, as well as the impoverishing effects of out of pocket costs to access healthcare, is a key part of benchmarking Kenya's progress towards reducing the financial burden that households experience when accessing healthcare. METHODS: The study relies on data from the nationally-representative Kenya Household Expenditure and Utilization Survey conducted in 2013 (n =33,675). We undertook health equity analysis to estimate the incidence and intensity of catastrophic expenditure...
February 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165380/building-responsive-health-systems-to-help-communities-affected-by-migration-an-international-delphi-consensus
#19
Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Prinon Rahman, David Ingleby, Elie A Akl, Grant Russell, Li Ling, Kolitha Wickramage, Davide Mosca, Claire D Brindis
: Persons affected by migration require health systems that are responsive and adaptable to the needs of both disadvantaged migrants and non-migrant populations. The objective of this study is to support health systems for populations affected by migration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international Delphi consensus process was used to identify policy approaches to improve health systems for populations affected by migration. Participants were leading migrant health experts from Americas, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and Australasia...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165178/experience-of-providing-cultural-safety-in-mental-health-to-aboriginal-patients-a-grounded-theory-study
#20
Shirley McGough, Dianne Wynaden, Michael Wright
The need for mental health clinicians to practice cultural safety is vital in ensuring meaningful care and in moving towards improving the mental health outcomes for Aboriginal people. The concept of cultural safety is particularly relevant to mental health professionals as it seeks to promote cultural integrity and the promotion of social justice, equity and respect. A substantive theory that explained the experience of providing cultural safety in mental health care to Aboriginal patients was developed using grounded theory methodology...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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