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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812849/global-health-in-the-anthropocene-moving-beyond-resilience-and-capitalism-comment-on-health-promotion-in-an-age-of-normative-equity-and-rampant-inequality
#1
Remco van de Pas
There has been much reflection on the need for a new understanding of global health and the urgency of a paradigm shift to address global health issues. A crucial question is whether this is still possible in current modes of global governance based on capitalist values. Four reflections are provided. (1) Ecological -centered values must become central in any future global health framework. (2) The objectives of 'sustainability' and 'economic growth' present a profound contradiction. (3) The resilience discourse maintains a gridlock in the functioning of the global health system...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812841/university-of-global-health-equity-s-contribution-to-the-reduction-of-education-and-health-services-rationing
#2
EDITORIAL
Agnes Binagwaho
The inadequate supply of health workers and demand-side barriers due to clinical practice that heeds too little attention to cultural context are serious obstacles to achieving universal health coverage and the fulfillment of the human rights to health, especially for the poor and vulnerable living in remote rural areas. A number of strategies have been deployed to increase both the supply of healthcare workers and the demand for healthcare services. However, more can be done to improve service delivery as well as mitigate the geographic inequalities that exist in this field...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812837/labont%C3%A3-identifies-key-issues-for-health-promoters-in-the-new-world-order-comment-on-health-promotion-in-an-age-of-normative-equity-and-rampant-inequality
#3
Dennis Raphael Raphael
For over 35 years Ronald Labonté has been critically analyzing the state of health promotion in Canada and the world. In 1981, he identified the shortcomings of the groundbreaking Lalonde Report by warning of the seductive appeal of so-called lifestyle approaches to health. Since then, he has left a trail of critical work identifying the barriers to - and opportunities for -health promotion work. More recently, he has shown how the rise of economic globalization and acceptance of neo-liberal ideology has come to threaten the health of those in both developed and developing nations...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812819/advancing-public-health-on-the-changing-global-trade-and-investment-agenda-comment-on-the-trans-pacific-partnership-is-it-everything-we-feared-for-health
#4
Anne Marie Thow, Deborah Gleeson
Concerns regarding the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) have raised awareness about the negative public health impacts of trade and investment agreements. In the past decade, we have learned much about the implications of trade agreements for public health: reduced equity in access to health services; increased flows of unhealthy commodities; limits on access to medicines; and constrained policy space for health. Getting health on the trade agenda continues to prove challenging, despite some progress in moving towards policy coherence...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810211/how-local-health-departments-work-towards-health-equity
#5
Rebeccah Sokol, Beth Moracco, Sharon Nelson, Jill Rushing, Tish Singletary, Karen Stanley, Anna Stein
BACKGROUND: Health inequities are exacerbated when health promotion programs and resources do not reach selected populations. Local health departments (LHDs)(1) have the potential to address health equity via engaging priority populations in their work. However, we do not have an understanding of what local agencies are doing on this front. METHODS: In the summer of 2016, we collaborated with informants from thirteen LHDs across North Carolina. Via semi-structured interviews, the research team asked informants about their LHD's understanding of health equity and engaging priority populations in program planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809798/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-green-space-quality-and-accessibility-evidence-from-a-southern-european-city
#6
Elaine Hoffimann, Henrique Barros, Ana Isabel Ribeiro
Background: The provision of green spaces is an important health promotion strategy to encourage physical activity and to improve population health. Green space provision has to be based on the principle of equity. This study investigated the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in geographic accessibility and quality of green spaces across Porto neighbourhoods (Portugal). Methods: Accessibility was evaluated using a Geographic Information System and all the green spaces were audited using the Public Open Space Tool...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809178/how-can-health-information-technologies-contribute-to-improve-health-care-services-for-high-need-patients
#7
Christian Nøhr, Lars Botin, Xinxin Zhu
This paper discusses how health information technologies like tele-care, tele-health and tele-medicine can improve the condition for high-need patients, specifically in relation to access. The paper addresses specifically the values of timeliness and equity and how tele technological solutions can support and enhance these values. The paper introduces to the concept of scaffolding, which constitutes the framework for dynamic, appropriate, caring and embracing approaches for engaging and involving high-need patients that are vulnerable and exposed...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806362/harnessing-implementation-science-to-increase-the-impact-of-health-equity-research
#8
Matthew Chinman, Eva N Woodward, Geoffrey M Curran, Leslie R M Hausmann
BACKGROUND: Health disparities are differences in health or health care between groups based on social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Disparity research often follows 3 steps: detecting (phase 1), understanding (phase 2), and reducing (phase 3), disparities. Although disparities have narrowed over time, many remain. OBJECTIVES: We argue that implementation science could enhance disparities research by broadening the scope of phase 2 studies and offering rigorous methods to test disparity-reducing implementation strategies in phase 3 studies...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806360/achieving-health-equity-federal-perspectives-for-21st-century-health-system-research-priorities
#9
David Atkins, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Amy M Kilbourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806358/new-evidence-reflecting-va-s-commitment-to-achieve-health-and-health-care-equity-for-all-veterans
#10
Said A Ibrahim, Leonard E Egede, Michael J Fine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803706/health-policy-in-times-of-austerity-a-conceptual-framework-for-evaluating-effects-of-policy-on-efficiency-and-equity-illustrated-with-examples-from-europe-since-2008
#11
Martin Wenzl, Huseyin Naci, Elias Mossialos
The objective of this paper is to provide a framework for evaluation of changes in health policy against overarching health system goals. We propose a categorisation of policies into seven distinct health system domains. We then develop existing analytical concepts of insurance coverage and cost-effectiveness further to evaluate the effects of policies in each domain on equity and efficiency. The framework is illustrated with likely effects of policy changes implemented in a sample of European countries since 2008...
July 19, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#12
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802675/grade-equity-guidelines-4-guidance-on-how-to-assess-and-address-health-equity-within-the-evidence-to-decision-process
#13
Kevin Pottie, Vivian Welch, Rachael Morton, Elie A Akl, Javier H Eslava-Schmalbach, Vittal Katikireddi, Jasvinder Singh, Lorenzo Moja, Eddy Lang, Nicola Magrini, Lehana Thabane, Roger Stanev, Elizabeth Matovinovic, Alexandra Snellman, Matthias Briel, Beverly Shea, Peter Tugwell, Holger Schunemann, Gordon Guyatt, Pablo Alonso-Coello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to provide detailed guidance on how to incorporate health equity within the GRADE (Grading Recommendations Assessment and Development Evidence) evidence to decision process. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We developed this guidance based on the GRADE evidence to decision (EtD) framework, iteratively reviewing and modifying draft documents, in person discussion of project group members and input from other GRADE members. RESULTS: Considering the impact on health equity may be required, both in general guidelines, and guidelines that focus on disadvantaged populations...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802211/research-priority-setting-for-integrated-early-child-development-and-violence-prevention-ecd-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-expert-opinion-exercise
#14
Mark Tomlinson, Mark Jordans, Harriet MacMillan, Theresa Betancourt, Xanthe Hunt, Christopher Mikton
Child development in low and middle income countries (LMIC) is compromised by multiple risk factors. Reducing children's exposure to harmful events is essential for early childhood development (ECD). In particular, preventing violence against children - a highly prevalent risk factor that negatively affects optimal child development - should be an intervention priority. We used the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method for the setting of research priorities in integrated Early Childhood Development and violence prevention programs (ECD+)...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801762/does-the-use-of-the-proportional-shortfall-help-align-the-prioritisation-of-health-services-with-public-preferences
#15
Jeff Richardson, Angelo Iezzi, Aimee Maxwell, Gang Chen
It has been proposed that equity may be included in the economic evaluation of health services using the 'proportional shortfall' (PS)-the proportion of a person's QALY expectation that they would lose because of an illness. The present paper reports the results of a population survey designed to test whether PS helped to explain people's preferences for health services and whether it did this better than the absolute shortfall or the equity related variables that PS seeks to replace. Survey respondents were asked to allocate 100 votes between 13 scenarios and a standard scenario...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797291/how-canada-can-help-global-adolescent-health-mature
#16
Ashley Vandermorris, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging focus on adolescent health within the global health community as we come to recognize that the adolescent years are formative in determining health and health-related behaviours across the life-course. Such attention is not only relevant on the global scale but is imperative in Canada as well. MAIN BODY: This commentary provides a brief review of recent investments targeting global adolescent health and presents five potential avenues for action which emerged out of the recent Canadian Partnership for Women and Children's Health (CanWaCH) Global Adolescent Health conference...
August 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796634/nature-contact-and-human-health-a-research-agenda
#17
Howard Frumkin, Gregory N Bratman, Sara Jo Breslow, Bobby Cochran, Peter H Kahn, Joshua J Lawler, Phillip S Levin, Pooja S Tandon, Usha Varanasi, Kathleen L Wolf, Spencer A Wood
BACKGROUND: At a time of increasing disconnectedness from nature, scientific interest in the potential health benefits of nature contact has grown. Research in recent decades has yielded substantial evidence, but large gaps remain in our understanding. OBJECTIVES: We propose a research agenda on nature contact and health, identifying principal domains of research and key questions that, if answered, would provide the basis for evidence-based public health interventions...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795917/assessing-evidence-of-inequalities-in-access-to-medication-for-diabetic-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
Yodi Christiani, Teerapon Dhippayom, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background Inequalities in access to medications among people diagnosed with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a public health concern since untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications and premature death. Objective To assess evidence of inequalities in access to medication for diabetes in adult populations of people with diagnosed diabetes in LMICs. Design We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA-Equity guidelines. A search of five databases - PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE - was conducted from inception to November 2015...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795542/-health-as-a-ressource
#19
A Crismer
There are many definitions of health, resulting from 4 main paradigms. The patient has much to say about his/her own health. The exploration of the concept, to be considered as a resource, more than the purpose of life, gives light on operational ways to support individual and public health by exploring patient's values, empowering patients, reinforcing autonomy, social networks and equity.
July 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792570/-the-global-model-of-public-mental-health-and-recovery-mentors
#20
Jean-François Pelletier, Émilie Auclair
Objectives The aim of this paper is to revisit the Global Model of Public Mental Health (GMPMH) in light of the 4th Civic Forum. Recovery mentors of the University of Recovery chaired this public event, which was held in East-end Montreal, Canada, in 2016. The University of Recovery is a concept of co-learning among its members.Methods Being able to refer to international conventions and human rights standards is a key component of a genuine global approach that is supportive of individuals and communities in their quest for recovery and full citizenship...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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