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RTI Surgical

David E Wamble, Michael Ciarametaro, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Developments in diagnostics, medical devices, procedures, and prescription drugs have increased life expectancy and quality of life after diagnosis for many diseases. Previous research has shown that, overall, increased investment in medical technology has led to increased health outcomes. In addition, the value of investment in specific innovations, particularly in new pharmaceuticals or biopharmaceuticals, has frequently been shown through an evaluation of the associated health outcomes and costs...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Syed Nabeel Zafar, Joseph K Canner, Neeraja Nagarajan, Adam L Kushner
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The burden is highest in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) and is increasing. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of RTIs in 4 low-income countries using nationally representative survey data. METHODS: The Surgeons Overseas Assessment of Surgical Needs (SOSAS) survey tool was administered in four countries: Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Nepal and Uganda. We performed nationally representative cross-sectional, cluster randomized surveys in each country...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Waqar Aziz Rehman, Muhammad Sohaib Anwar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and benefits of surgical treatment (Open Craniotomy) of Intra-cerebral hematoma (ICH). METHODS: Twenty seven patients of ICH who underwent surgical treatment at Neurosurgical department of Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2015 were included in this study. The primary outcome measured was death and improvement in GCS Status among survivor's at three months. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 58...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Patients with marked osteoporosis and/or obesity/morbid obesity and severe multilevel lumbar stenosis and other pathology often undergo multilevel laminectomies with non instrumented posterolateral fusions (PLF). The other pathology may include combinations of degenerative spondylolisthesis/lysis, foraminal/far lateral discs, and/or synovial cysts requiring more extensive facet resections. Presently, spine surgeons often use bone graft expanders to supplement the lamina autograft harvested in the course of laminectomy/decompressions for the PLF mass...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe cervical multilevel stenosis and an adequate lordotic curvature often undergo multilevel laminectomies with posterior instrumented fusions. Although the "gold standard" for the fusion mass remains iliac crest autograft, many require additional volume provided by bone graft expanders. Here, we studied the fusion rates for 32 patients undergoing multilevel cervical laminectomy and vertex/rod/eyelet/titanium cable fusions utilizing lamina/iliac autograft and the bone graft expander Nanoss (RTI Surgical, Alachua, FL, USA) with autogenous bone marrow aspirate (BMA)...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
Krishna S Vyas, Chase Burns, Dylan T Ryan, Lesley Wong
A 41-year-old man with past medical history of kidney-liver transplantation requiring chronic immunosuppression presented 2 years posttransplant with a necrotizing soft tissue infection of his right thigh. Serial debridement to remove necrotic tissue was performed, and a Matrix HD Allograft Fenestrated (RTI Surgical, Alachua, FL) was applied. At 5-months post grafting, the patient demonstrated fully vascularized and intact skin. Under normal circumstances, a cadaveric allograft sloughs over several weeks and is not usually considered a permanent solution for wound closure...
June 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Nasiru A Ibrahim, Abdul Wahab O Ajani, Ibrahim A Mustafa, Rufai A Balogun, Mobolaji A Oludara, Olufemi E Idowu, Babatunde A Solagberu
Introduction Injuries are the third most important cause of overall deaths globally with one-quarter resulting from road traffic crashes. Majority of these deaths occur before arrival in the hospital and can be reduced with prompt and efficient prehospital care. The aim of this study was to highlight the burden of road traffic injury (RTI) in Lagos, Nigeria and assess the effectiveness of prehospital care, especially the role of Lagos State Ambulance Service (LASAMBUS) in providing initial care and transportation of the injured to the hospital...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Dan K Kisitu, Lauren E Eyler, Isaac Kajja, Gonzaga Waiswa, Titus Beyeza, David R Ragland, Isabelle Feldhaus, Catherine Juillard, Rochelle A Dicker
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a common cause of morbidity after road traffic injury (RTI) in motorizing countries. District hospitals provide front-line orthopedic care in Uganda and other sub-Saharan African nations. Improving care at the district hospital level is an important component of the World Health Organization's strategy for surgical and trauma systems strengthening, but the data necessary to inform RTI safety and care initiatives has previously been insufficient at the district hospital level...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
A Marani, C Napoli, S Berdini, M Montesano, F Ferretti, F Di Ninno, R Orioli, A De Luca, L Sommella, G Tarsitani, G B Orsi
BACKGROUND: Healthcare acquired infections (HAI) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitals worldwide. Aim of the study was to analyze nine years surveillance activity, carried out by point prevalence surveys from 2007 to 2015, in a 450-bed teaching hospital in Rome. METHODS: Point prevalence surveys were carried out every year in the medical and surgical wards following the same methodology. In accordance with definitions used by the Centers for Disease Control, all infections occurred more than 48 hours after hospital admission were considered HAI, and included in the study...
July 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
S Getachew, E Ali, K Tayler-Smith, B Hedt-Gauthier, W Silkondez, D Abebe, W Deressa, F Enquessilase, J K Edwards
SETTING: The emergency department (ED) of Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To document the proportion, trend, characteristics and outcomes of road traffic injury (RTI) related ED admissions (⩾15 years) between 2014 and 2015. DESIGN: A retrospective, cross-sectional study using routinely collected ED data. RESULTS: Of 10 007 ED admissions, 779 (8%) were RTI cases; this proportion peaked in the month of January (11%)...
June 21, 2016: Public Health Action
Alireza Davoudi, Narges Najafi, Shahriar Alian, Atefe Tayebi, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Samaneh Rouhi, Amirhosein Heydari
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo cardiac surgery appear to be at increased risk for the development of Nosocomial infections (NIs). The development of antibiotic-resistant infections has been associated with significantly greater hospital mortality rates compared to similar infections caused by antibiotic-sensitive pathogens. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is survey of Nis and antibiotic resistance patterns of causative bacteria among patients who underwent open heart surgery in the north of Iran during a 2-year period between September 2012 and September 2014...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Ian Williamson, Jane Vennik, Anthony Harnden, Merryn Voysey, Rafael Perera, Maria Breen, Brendan Bradley, Sadie Kelly, Guiqing Yao, James Raftery, David Mant, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a very common problem in primary care, but one that lacks an evidence-based non-surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nasal balloon autoinflation for the treatment of OME in children. DESIGN: A pragmatic, two-arm, open randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-three general practices from 17 UK primary care trusts recruited between January 2012 and February 2013...
September 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
C Schröder, F Schwab, M Behnke, A-C Breier, F Maechler, B Piening, M Dettenkofer, C Geffers, P Gastmeier
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) in hospitals participating in the German national nosocomial infections surveillance system (KISS). METHOD: The epidemiology of HAI was described for the surveillance components for intensive care units (ITS-KISS), non-ICUs (STATIONS-KISS), very low birth weight infants (NEO-KISS) and surgical site infections (OP-KISS) in the period from 2006 to 2013. In addition, risk factor analyses were performed for the most important infections of ICU-KISS, NEO-KISS and OP-KISS...
October 2015: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
A Iu Razumovskiĭ, I I Afukov, A D Kulaev, A B Alkhasov, Z B Mitupov, N V Kulikova, N S Stepanenko
AIM: To improve the results of surgical treatment of children with extended tracheal stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 2013 slidingtraсheal plasty under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was performed in 4 children aged 1 year 2 months - 4.5 years with extended tracheal stenosis in Children's City Clinical Hospital №13. Patients' weight was from 10,5 to 16 kg. Extended tracheal stenosis and complete cartilag inousrings were confirmed in all patients after peoperative survey...
2015: Khirurgiia
Itsuro Kazama, Tsutomu Tamada, Toshiyuki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Patients who were surgically treated for Cushing's syndrome postoperatively surrender to "primary" adrenal insufficiency. However, the preoperative over-secretion of cortisol or the postoperative administration of excessive glucocorticoids can cause "secondary" adrenal insufficiency, in which the prevalence of hyponatremia is usually lower than that of primary adrenal insufficiency. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue and anorexia, after upper respiratory tract infection...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
N R Bhatt, G Sheridan, M Connolly, S Kelly, A Gillis, K C Conlon, S Lane, E Shanahan, P F Ridgway
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary complications are a significant cause of morbidity, mortality and increased hospital stay following complex abdominal surgery. We investigated whether postoperative early aerobic activity with a pedal exerciser reduced respiratory morbidity and length of stay and improved pulmonary function. METHODS: A prospective case-control study on 30 cases and 30 case matched controls aged 18 years or more who underwent major surgery was conducted. Controls were case-mix matched prospectively from a similar general surgical service not utilising postoperative exercising...
June 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Jessica M Stempel, Sarah P Hammond, Deanna A Sutton, Linda M Weiser, Francisco M Marty
Background.  Invasive fusariosis remains an aggressive, albeit infrequent infection in immunocompromised patients. Methods.  We identified all cases of invasive fusariosis between January 2002 and December 2014. We recorded patient characteristics including clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes at 6 and 12 weeks after diagnosis, as well as species identification and antifungal drug susceptibilities. Results.  Fifteen patients were diagnosed with proven (12, 80%) or probable (3, 20%) fusariosis...
September 2015: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Hironobu Tsubouchi, Nobuhiro Matsumoto, Shigehisa Yanagi, Jun-Ichi Ashitani, Masamitsu Nakazato
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetic disease associated with abnormalities in ciliary structure and function. Although recurrent respiratory infection associated with ciliary dysfunction is a common clinical feature, there is no standardized treatment or management of respiratory infection in PCD patients. Here, we report that respiratory infection with PCD and intralobar sequestration (ILS) were treated successfully with clarithromycin before the surgical resection of ILS. A 15-year-old non-smoking Japanese woman was admitted for productive cough and dyspnea on exertion...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Chandra Shekhar, Laxmi Narayan Gupta, Ishwar Chandra Premsagar, Madhu Sinha, Jugal Kishore
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death and disability in Indian population. AIM: To correlate various variables like epidemiology, clinical status, severity of TBI & associated co-morbid conditions and its outcome. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study involved retrospective collection, prospective management and follow up of 796 cases of TBI admitted to the neurosurgery department of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi during one year study duration...
July 2015: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Stefania Frasson, Gualberto Gussoni, Pierpaolo Di Micco, Raquel Barba, Laurent Bertoletti, Manuel J Nuñez, Beatriz Valero, Angel Luis Samperiz, Agustina Rivas, Manuel Monreal
Several risk assessment models include infection and immobility among the items to be considered for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. However, information on patients with infection leading to immobility and developing VTE are limited, as well as on the role of specific types of infection. Data were collected from the worldwide RIETE registry, including patients with symptomatic objectively confirmed VTE, and followed-up for at least 3 months. The overall population of RIETE at June 2013 (n = 47,390) was considered...
April 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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