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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210626/osteogenic-differentiation-capacity-of-in-vitro-cultured-human-skeletal-muscle-for-expedited-bone-tissue-engineering
#1
Chunlei Miao, Lulu Zhou, Lufeng Tian, Yingjie Zhang, Wei Zhang, Fanghong Yang, Tianyi Liu, Shengjian Tang, Fangjun Liu
Expedited bone tissue engineering employs the biological stimuli to harness the intrinsic regenerative potential of skeletal muscle to trigger the reparative process in situ to improve or replace biological functions. When genetically modified with adenovirus mediated BMP2 gene transfer, muscle biopsies from animals have demonstrated success in regenerating bone within rat bony defects. However, it is uncertain whether the human adult skeletal muscle displays an osteogenic potential in vitro when a suitable biological trigger is applied...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209243/requirements-techniques-and-costs-for-contaminant-removal-from-landfill-gas
#2
REVIEW
John N Kuhn, Anthony C Elwell, Nada H Elsayed, Babu Joseph
Waste-to-energy projects are an increasingly prominent component of future energy portfolios. Landfill gas (LFG)-to-energy (LFGTE) projects are particularly important as they address greenhouse gas emissions. Contaminants in LFG may hamper these projects both from environmental and economic standpoints. The purpose of this review is to highlight key aspects (LFG composition ranges, LFG flowrates, and allowable tolerances for LFGTE technologies, performance and costs for contaminant removal by adsorption). Removal of key contaminants, H2S and siloxanes, by adsorption are surveyed in terms of adsorption capacities and regeneration abilities...
February 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208094/a-simple-strategy-to-refine-cu2o-photocatalytic-capacity-for-refractory-pollutants-removal-roles-of-oxygen-reduction-and-fe-ii-chemistry
#3
Ai-Yong Zhang, Yuan-Yi He, Tan Lin, Nai-Hui Huang, Qiao Xu, Jing-Wei Feng
Visible-light-driven photocatalysis is a promising technology for advanced water treatment, but it usually exhibits a low efficiency. Cu2O is a low-cost semiconductor with narrow band gap, high absorption coefficient and suitable conduction band, but suffers from low charge mobility, poor quantum yield and weak catalytic performance. Herein, the Cu2O catalytic capacity for refractory pollutants degradation is drastically improved by a simple and effective strategy. By virtue of the synergistic effects between photocatalysis and Fenton, a novel and efficient photocatalysis-driven Fenton system, PFC, is originally proposed and experimentally validated using Cu2O/Nano-C hybrids...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201845/regenerative-medicine-and-the-biliary-tree
#4
Thiago M De Assuncao, Nidhi Jalan-Sakrikar, Robert C Huebert
Despite decades of basic research, biliary diseases remain prevalent, highly morbid, and notoriously difficult to treat. We have, however, dramatically increased our understanding of biliary developmental biology, cholangiocyte pathophysiology, and the endogenous mechanisms of biliary regeneration and repair. All of this complex and rapidly evolving knowledge coincides with an explosion of new technological advances in the area of regenerative medicine. New breakthroughs such as induced pluripotent stem cells and organoid culture are increasingly being applied to the biliary system; it is only a matter of time until new regenerative therapeutics for the cholangiopathies are unveiled...
February 2017: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199003/applications-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-technologies-in-spinal-cord-injury
#5
REVIEW
Narihito Nagoshi, Hideyuki Okano
Numerous basic research studies have suggested the potential efficacy of neural precursor cell (NPC) transplantation in spinal cord injury (SCI). However, in most such studies the origin of the cells used was mainly fetal tissue or embryonic stem cells, both of which carry potential ethical concerns with respect to clinical use. The development of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) opened a new path toward regenerative medicine for SCI. iPSCs can be generated from somatic cells by induction of transcription factors, and induced to differentiate into NPCs with characteristics of cells of the central nervous system...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197667/discovery-and-progress-of-direct-cardiac-reprogramming
#6
REVIEW
Hidenori Kojima, Masaki Ieda
Cardiac disease remains a major cause of death worldwide. Direct cardiac reprogramming has emerged as a promising approach for cardiac regenerative therapy. After the discovery of MyoD, a master regulator for skeletal muscle, other single cardiac reprogramming factors (master regulators) have been sought. Discovery of cardiac reprogramming factors was inspired by the finding that multiple, but not single, transcription factors were needed to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from fibroblasts. We first reported a combination of cardiac-specific transcription factors, Gata4, Mef2c, and Tbx5 (GMT), that could convert mouse fibroblasts into cardiomyocyte-like cells, which were designated as induced cardiomyocyte-like cells (iCMs)...
February 14, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195700/discovery-and-characterization-of-a-potent-and-specific-peptide-ligand-targeting-endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-endothelial-cells-for-tissue-regeneration
#7
Dake Hao, Wenwu Xiao, Ruiwu Liu, Priyadarsini Kumar, YuanPei Li, Ping Zhou, Fuzheng Guo, Diana L Farmer, Kit S Lam, Fengshan Wang, Aijun Wang
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelial cells (ECs) play a vital role in endothelialization and vascularization for tissue regeneration. Various EPC/EC targeting biomolecules have been investigated to improve tissue regeneration with limited success often due to their limited functional specificity and structural stability. One-Bead-One-Compound (OBOC) combinatorial technology is an ultra-high throughput chemical library synthesis and screening method suitable for ligand discovery against a wide range of biological targets, such as integrins...
February 14, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194691/rnai-mediated-simultaneous-resistance-against-three-rna-viruses-in-potato
#8
Amir Hameed, Muhammad Nouman Tahir, Shaheen Asad, Rakhshanda Bilal, Joyce Van Eck, Georg Jander, Shahid Mansoor
RNA interference (RNAi) technology has been successfully applied in stacking resistance against viruses in numerous crop plants. During RNAi, the production of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) from template double-standard RNA (dsRNA) derived from expression constructs provides an on-switch for triggering homology-based targeting of cognate viral transcripts, hence generating a pre-programmed immunity in transgenic plants prior to virus infection. In the current study, transgenic potato lines (Solanum tuberosum cv...
February 13, 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191779/development-of-a-three-dimensional-bioengineering-technology-to-generate-lung-tissue-for-personalized-disease-modeling
#9
Dan C Wilkinson, Jackelyn A Alva-Ornelas, Jennifer M S Sucre, Preethi Vijayaraj, Abdo Durra, Wade Richardson, Steven J Jonas, Manash K Paul, Saravanan Karumbayaram, Bruce Dunn, Brigitte N Gomperts
Stem cell technologies, especially patient-specific, induced stem cell pluripotency and directed differentiation, hold great promise for changing the landscape of medical therapies. Proper exploitation of these methods may lead to personalized organ transplants, but to regenerate organs, it is necessary to develop methods for assembling differentiated cells into functional, organ-level tissues. The generation of three-dimensional human tissue models also holds potential for medical advances in disease modeling, as full organ functionality may not be necessary to recapitulate disease pathophysiology...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188997/china-s-landscape-in-regenerative-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Xin Tang, Hua Qin, Xiaosong Gu, Xiaobing Fu
Regenerative medicine is a burgeoning interdisciplinary research field that can impact healthcare by offering new therapeutic strategies to replace or regenerate human cells, tissues, or organs with the ultimate goal of restoring or establishing normal human functions. The past decade has seen significant progress of regenerative medicine in China, the world's most populous developing country. With government backing, the progress in regenerative medicine is driven by increasing medical demands of people, accompanied by the economic growth, population aging, and lifestyle change in China...
February 3, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176010/clinical-potentials-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#11
REVIEW
Cristina Mora, Marialaura Serzanti, Antonella Consiglio, Maurizio Memo, Patrizia Dell'Era
Aging, injuries, and diseases can be considered as the result of malfunctioning or damaged cells. Regenerative medicine aims to restore tissue homeostasis by repairing or replacing cells, tissues, or damaged organs, by linking and combining different disciplines including engineering, technology, biology, and medicine. To pursue these goals, the discipline is taking advantage of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), a peculiar type of cell possessing the ability to differentiate into every cell type of the body. Human PSCs can be isolated from the blastocysts and maintained in culture indefinitely, giving rise to the so-called embryonic stem cells (ESCs)...
February 8, 2017: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174670/challenges-for-production-of-human-transplantable-organ-grafts
#12
REVIEW
Eiji Kobayashi
The described research methods explain how you could generate a three-dimensional kidney, based on recent research results. The first method is to fabricate human organs in a pig body. The second is to transplant the so-called "organ bud" into a patient's body for further development. The third method is to regenerate organs by filling cells into the cytoskeleton as a scaffold. Research for the in vitro fabrication of organ buds has been elaborately accelerated. The organ bud transplantation has been confronted with issues of continuity with the original organs, so the development of technology for achieving continuity between a transplanted organ bud and the existing organs is progressing well...
January 8, 2017: Cell Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170157/combining-electrospinning-and-cell-sheet-technology-for-the-development-of-a-multiscale-tissue-engineered-ligament-construct-telc
#13
Cedryck Vaquette, P T Sudheesh Kumar, Eugen Bogdan Petcu, Saso Ivanovski
Ligament tissue rupture is a common sport injury. Although current treatment modalities can achieve appropriate reconstruction of the damaged ligament, they present significant drawbacks, mostly related to reduced tissue availability and pain associated with tissue harvesting. Stem cell based tissue regeneration combined with electrospun scaffolds represents a novel treatment method for torn ligaments. In this study, a low fiber density polycaprolactone (PCL) electrospun mesh and sheep mesenchymal stem cells (sMSCs) were used to develop tissue engineered ligament construct (TELC) in vitro...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169191/stem-cell-technology-in-cardiac-regeneration-a-pluripotent-stem-cell-promise
#14
REVIEW
Robin Duelen, Maurilio Sampaolesi
Despite advances in cardiovascular biology and medical therapy, heart disorders are the leading cause of death worldwide. Cell-based regenerative therapies become a promising treatment for patients affected by heart failure, but also underline the need for reproducible results in preclinical and clinical studies for safety and efficacy. Enthusiasm has been tempered by poor engraftment, survival and differentiation of the injected adult stem cells. The crucial challenge is identification and selection of the most suitable stem cell type for cardiac regenerative medicine...
January 27, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167957/histological-and-immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-new-cosmetic-formulation-in-the-treatment-of-skin-photoaging
#15
M T Truchuelo, N Jiménez, L Miguel-Gomez, A Hermosa, N Sánchez-Neila, J Cuevas
Objective. Mechanism of action of cosmetic products is not often studied. The aim of this study is to determine the histological, immunohistochemical, and clinical changes of a new cosmetic formulation. Methods. Prospective, single-blind, patient-controlled, randomized study in 10 volunteers with mild to moderate skin photoaging on the back of their hands. The product was applied on one hand and a standard cream on the other hand, twice a day for three months. Standardized photographs were taken on basal (T0) and final visit (T1) and skin biopsies were performed...
2017: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163321/limb-development-a-paradigm-of-gene-regulation
#16
REVIEW
Florence Petit, Karen E Sears, Nadav Ahituv
The limb is a commonly used model system for developmental biology. Given the need for precise control of complex signalling pathways to achieve proper patterning, the limb is also becoming a model system for gene regulation studies. Recent developments in genomic technologies have enabled the genome-wide identification of regulatory elements that control limb development, yielding insights into the determination of limb morphology and forelimb versus hindlimb identity. The modulation of regulatory interactions - for example, through the modification of regulatory sequences or chromatin architecture - can lead to morphological evolution, acquired regeneration capacity or limb malformations in diverse species, including humans...
February 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144605/limb-lengthening-using-the-precice-tm-nail-system-complications-and-results
#17
Ulrich Wiebking, Emmanouil Liodakis, Mohamed Kenawey, Christian Krettek
BACKGROUND: Three types of telescopic nails are mainly used for intramedullary limb lengthening nowadays. Despite some important advantages of this new technology (e.g. controlled distraction rate, not restricted availability, possibility to perform accordion maneuvers), few articles exist on clinical results and complications after lengthening with the PRECICE(TM) nail (Ellipse, USA). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to describe and analyze the complications associated with lengthening with the PRECICE(TM) nail...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138909/colloidal-gels-with-extracellular-matrix-particles-and-growth-factors-for-bone-regeneration-in-critical-size-rat-calvarial-defects
#18
Jakob M Townsend, S Connor Dennis, Jonathan Whitlow, Yi Feng, Jinxi Wang, Brian Andrews, Randolph J Nudo, Michael S Detamore, Cory J Berkland
Colloidal gels encapsulating natural materials and exhibiting paste-like properties for placement are promising for filling complex geometries in craniofacial bone regeneration applications. Colloidal materials have demonstrated modest clinical outcomes as bone substitutes in orthopedic applications, but limited success in craniofacial applications. As such, development of a novel colloidal gel will fill a void in commercially available products for use in craniofacial reconstruction. One likely application for this technology is cranial reconstruction...
January 30, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138241/nanoengineered-implant-as-a-new-platform-for-regenerative-nanomedicine-using-3d-well-organized-human-cell-spheroids
#19
Laetitia Keller, Ysia Idoux-Gillet, Quentin Wagner, Sandy Eap, David Brasse, Pascale Schwinté, Manuel Arruebo, Nadia Benkirane-Jessel
In tissue engineering, it is still rare today to see clinically transferable strategies for tissue-engineered graft production that conclusively offer better tissue regeneration than the already existing technologies, decreased recovery times, and less risk of complications. Here a novel tissue-engineering concept is presented for the production of living bone implants combining 1) a nanofibrous and microporous implant as cell colonization matrix and 2) 3D bone cell spheroids. This combination, double 3D implants, shows clinical relevant thicknesses for the treatment of an early stage of bone lesions before the need of bone substitutes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134776/bioactive-polymeric-materials-for-tissue-repair
#20
Diane R Bienek, Wojtek Tutak, Drago Skrtic
Bioactive polymeric materials based on calcium phosphates have tremendous appeal for hard tissue repair because of their well-documented biocompatibility. Amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP)-based ones additionally protect against unwanted demineralization and actively support regeneration of hard tissue minerals. Our group has been investigating the structure/composition/property relationships of ACP polymeric composites for the last two decades. Here, we present ACP's dispersion in a polymer matrix and the fine-tuning of the resin affects the physicochemical, mechanical, and biological properties of ACP polymeric composites...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
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