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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354371/high-frequency-plant-regeneration-from-cotyledonary-node-explants-of-cucumis-sativus-l-cultivar-green-long-via-adventitious-shoot-organogenesis-and-assessment-of-genetic-fidelity-by-rapd-pcr-technology
#1
Perumal Venkatachalam, Udayabhanu Jinu, Palanivel Sangeetha, Natesan Geetha, Shivendra Vikram Sahi
Influence of cytokinins, silver nitrate (AgNO3) and auxins on plant regeneration from cucumber was investigated. The cotyledonary node explants were cultured on MS medium augmented with various concentrations (0.5-2.5 mg l-1) of 6-benzyl amino purine (BAP) and kinetin (KIN) for shoot bud induction. BAP at 1.5 mg l-1 was found to be the best concentration for induction of high frequency of multiple shoots (98.4%). Interestingly, maximum percent of multiple shoot regeneration (100%) as well as number of shoot buds (54...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350802/cellular-reprogramming-a-new-way-to-understand-aging-mechanisms
#2
REVIEW
Burcu Yener Ilce, Umut Cagin, Acelya Yilmazer
Increased life expectancy, due to the rise in life quality and the decline in mortality rates, is leading to a society in which the population aged 60 and over is growing more rapidly than the entire population. Although various models and model organisms have been employed to investigate the mechanism of aging, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are useful candidates to study human aging and age-related human diseases. This work discusses how iPSCs can be used as an alternative to the model organisms such as yeast, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, or the mouse...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346562/scaffold-free-trachea-regeneration-by-tissue-engineering-with-bio-3d-printing
#3
Daisuke Taniguchi, Keitaro Matsumoto, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Ryusuke Machino, Yosuke Takeoka, Abdelmotagaly Elgalad, Kiyofumi Gunge, Katsunori Takagi, Yasuaki Taura, Go Hatachi, Naoto Matsuo, Naoya Yamasaki, Koichi Nakayama, Takeshi Nagayasu
OBJECTIVES: Currently, most of the artificial airway organs still require scaffolds; however, such scaffolds exhibit several limitations. Alternatively, the use of an autologous artificial trachea without foreign materials and immunosuppressants may solve these issues and constitute a preferred tool. The rationale of this study was to develop a new scaffold-free approach for an artificial trachea using bio-3D printing technology. Here, we assessed the circumferential tracheal replacement using scaffold-free trachea-like grafts generated from isolated cells in an inbred animal model...
January 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331077/optimized-paired-sgrna-cas9-cloning-and-expression-cassette-triggers-high-efficiency-multiplex-genome-editing-in-kiwifruit
#4
Zupeng Wang, Shuaibin Wang, Dawei Li, Qiong Zhang, Li Li, Caihong Zhong, Yifei Liu, Hongwen Huang
Kiwifruit is an important fruit crop; however, technologies for its functional genomic and molecular improvement are limited. The clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) system has been successfully applied to genetic improvement in many crops, but its editing capability is variable depending on the different combinations of the synthetic guide RNA (sgRNA) and Cas9 protein expression devices. Optimizing conditions for its use within a particular species is therefore needed to achieve highly efficient genome editing...
January 13, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327444/developing-a-flexible-high-efficiency-agrobacterium-mediated-sorghum-transformation-system-with-broad-application
#5
Ping Che, Ajith Anand, Emily Wu, Jeffry D Sander, Marissa K Simon, Weiwei Zhu, Amy L Sigmund, Gina Zastrow-Hayes, Michael Miller, Donglong Liu, Shai J Lawit, Zuo-Yu Zhao, Marc C Albertsen, Todd J Jones
Sorghum is the fifth most widely planted cereal crop in the world and is commonly cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions such as Africa. Despite its importance as a food source, sorghum genetic improvement through transgenic approaches has been limited because of an inefficient transformation system. Here we report a ternary vector (also known as co-habitating vector) system using a recently described pVIR accessory plasmid that facilitates efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of sorghum. We report regeneration frequencies ranging from 6-29% in Tx430 using different selectable markers and single copy, backbone free "quality events" ranging from 45-66% of the total events produced...
January 11, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317080/effective-regeneration-of-dystrophic-muscle-using-autologous-ipsc-derived-progenitors-with-crispr-cas9-mediated-precise-correction
#6
Mackenzie Hagan, Muhammad Ashraf, Il-Man Kim, Neal L Weintraub, Yaoliang Tang
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal muscle wasting disease caused by a lack of dystrophin, which eventually leads to apoptosis of muscle cells and impaired muscle contractility. Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) gene editing of induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSC) offers the potential to correct the DMD gene defect and create healthy IPSC for autologous cell transplantation without causing immune activation. However, IPSC carry a risk of tumor formation, which can potentially be mitigated by differentiation of IPSC into myogenic progenitor cells (MPC)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316290/a-3d-bioprinted-in-situ-conjugated-co-fabricated-scaffold-for-potential-bone-tissue-engineering-applications
#7
Mduduzi N Sithole, Pradeep Kumar, Lisa C du Toit, Thashree Marimuthu, Yahya E Choonara, Viness Pillay
There is a demand for progressive approaches in bone tissue engineering to repair and regenerate bone defects resulting from trauma or disease. This investigation sought to engineer a single-step in situ conjugated polymeric scaffold employing 3D printing technology as an innovative fabricating tool. A polymeric scaffold was engineered in situ employing sodium alginate as a bio-ink which interacted with a poly(ethyleneimine) solution on bioprinting to form a polyelectrolyte complex through ionic bond formation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310906/development-of-layered-plga-membranes-for-periodontal-tissue-regeneration
#8
Itsumi Yoshimoto, Jun-Ichi Sasaki, Ririko Tsuboi, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Haruaki Kitagawa, Satoshi Imazato
OBJECTIVE: Various commercial products are available for guided tissue regeneration (GTR) therapy; however, they do not combine biosafety with the ability to control cell function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the novel bilayer biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) membrane, and to assess whether the bilayer PLGA membrane could be used for periodontal tissue regeneration. METHODS: Bilayer biodegradable membrane was fabricated thorough a two-step freezing and lyophilization process using PLGA solution...
January 5, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308872/porous-polycalix-4-arenes-for-fast-and-efficient-removal-of-organic-micropollutants-from-water
#9
Dinesh Shetty, Ilma Jahovic, Jesus Raya, Zouhair Asfari, John-Carl Olsen, Ali Trabolsi
Organic micropollutants are hazards to the environment and human health. Conventional technologies are often inefficient at removing them from wastewater. For example, commercial activated carbon (AC) exhibits slow uptake rates, limited capacities, and is costly to regenerate. Here, we report the utility of porous calix[4]arene-based materials, CalPn (n = 2-4), for water purification. Calixarenes are a common motif in supramolecular chemistry but have rarely been incorporated into extended, porous networks such as organic polymers...
January 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307874/tyrosinase-doped-bioink-for-3d-bioprinting-of-living-skin-constructs
#10
Hong Bo Zhang, Shi Yong, Xing Tianlong, Yin Ruixue, Yang Shimo, Jie Wei, Wenjun Zhang
3D Bioprinting is an emerging technology to fabricate 3D living constructs and it has shown a great promise in tissue engineering. Bioinks are scaffold materials mixed with cells used by 3D bioprinting to form a required cell-laden structure. In this paper, a novel bioink made of Gelatin Methacrylamide (GelMA) and Collagen (Col) doped with Tyrosinase (Ty) is presented for 3D bioprinting of living skin tissues. Ty has dual functions: one to serve as an essential bioactive compound in the skin regeneration process and the other to serve as enzyme to facilitate the crosslink of Col and GelMA...
January 8, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306094/simultaneous-three-dimensional-visualization-of-mineralized-and-soft-skeletal-tissues-by-a-novel-microct-contrast-agent-with-polyoxometalate-structure
#11
Greet Kerckhofs, Steve Stegen, Nick van Gastel, Annelies Sap, Guillaume Falgayrac, Guillaume Penel, Marjorie Durand, Frank P Luyten, Liesbet Geris, Katleen Vandamme, Tatjana Parac-Vogt, Geert Carmeliet
Biological tissues have a complex and heterogeneous 3D structure, which is only partially revealed by standard histomorphometry in 2D. We here present a novel chemical compound for contrast-enhanced microfocus computed tomography (CE-CT), a Hafnium-based Wells-Dawson polyoxometalate (Hf-POM), which allows simultaneous 3D visualization of mineralized and non-mineralized skeletal tissues, such as mineralized bone and bone marrow vasculature and adipocytes. We validated the novel contrast agent, which has a neutral pH in solution, by detailed comparison with (immuno)histology on murine long bones as blueprint, and showed that Hf-POM-based CE-CT can be used for virtual 3D histology...
December 22, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299587/soft-pillared-magadiite-influence-of-the-interlayer-space-and-amine-type-on-co2-adsorption
#12
Rômulo B Vieira, Heloise O Pastore
Layered silicates are versatile materials that can be grafted with different organosilanes for several applications. Despite this, there are few studies on the use of layered silicate-based materials in CO2 adsorption. In this regard, the present study describes the synthesis of organo-magadiite followed by simultaneous grafting with two organosilanes ((3-glycidyloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane (GPTS) and N1-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl)diethylenetriamine (TMSPETA)) to prepare an adsorbent labeled Soft-Pillared@Magadiite...
January 4, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295559/recent-advances-in-3d-printing-of-aliphatic-polyesters
#13
REVIEW
Ioana Chiulan, Adriana Nicoleta Frone, Călin Brandabur, Denis Mihaela Panaitescu
3D printing represents a valuable alternative to traditional processing methods, clearly demonstrated by the promising results obtained in the manufacture of various products, such as scaffolds for regenerative medicine, artificial tissues and organs, electronics, components for the automotive industry, art objects and so on. This revolutionary technique showed unique capabilities for fabricating complex structures, with precisely controlled physical characteristics, facile tunable mechanical properties, biological functionality and easily customizable architecture...
December 24, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289879/regeneration-of-complex-oral-organs-using-3d-cell-organization-technology
#14
REVIEW
Masamitsu Oshima, Miho Ogawa, Takashi Tsuji
The development of organoid techniques for regenerative therapy has progressed remarkably with the use of tissue-derived stem cells and pluripotent stem cells based on stem cell biology and tissue engineering technology. To realize whole-organ replacement therapy as next-generation regenerative medicine, it is expected that fully functional bioengineered organs can be reconstructed using an in vitro three-dimensional (3D) bioengineered organ germ and organoids by stem cell manipulation and self-organization...
December 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284167/regenerative-medicine-cardiac-cell-therapy-adult-somatic-progenitor-cells
#15
Timo Z Nazari-Shafti, Jörg Kempfert, Volkmar Falk, Wilhelm Röll, Christof Stamm
Preclinical data suggested that somatic stem or progenitor cells derived induce and/or support endogenous repair mechanisms of the myocardium. Such cell populations were clearly shown to promote neovascularization in postischemic tissue, and some evidence also indicated transdifferentiation into cardiomyocytes. In the clinical setting, however, many attempts to regenerate damaged myocardium with a variety of autologous and allogeneic somatic progenitors have failed to generate the expected therapeutic efficacy...
December 28, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283117/refractive-lenticule-extraction-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-a-new-refractive-surgery-paradigm
#16
REVIEW
Sri Ganesh, Sheetal Brar, Raghavender Reddy Arra
Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), a variant of refractive lenticule extraction technology is becoming increasingly popular, as a flapless and minimally invasive form of laser vision correction (LVC) for the treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism. This review aims at summarizing the principles, surgical technique, and clinical outcomes in terms of visual and refractive results, safety, efficacy, postoperative dry eye, aberrations, and biomechanics of SMILE and its comparison with other conventional techniques of LVC, such as laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278928/exploring-plant-tissue-culture-in-withania-somnifera-l-dunal-in-vitro-propagation-and-secondary-metabolite-production
#17
Shasmita, Manoj K Rai, Soumendra K Naik
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (family: Solanaceae), commonly known as "Indian Ginseng", is a medicinally and industrially important plant of the Indian subcontinent and other warmer parts of the world. The plant has multi-use medicinal potential and has been listed among 36 important cultivated medicinal plants of India that are in high demand for trade due to its pharmaceutical uses. The medicinal importance of this plant is mainly due to the presence of different types of steroidal lactones- withanolides in the roots and leaves...
December 26, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275563/-understanding-new-progress-in-prosthodontics-from-the-perspective-of-updates-in-the-glossary-of-prosthodontic-terms
#18
T Jiang
Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms is a standardized vocabulary with international influence. Its ninth edition was published in J Prosthet Dent in 2017, 12 years after the last edition. During this period, great development has taken place in the dental prosthetics due to dental implant and digital dentistry as well as application of new materials and technologies. The research results of dental adhesion, aesthetic dentistry, orofacial function, and tissue regeneration has been fully applied in dental clinic...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275012/progress-in-pharmacological-research-of-chemokine-like-factor-1-cklf1
#19
REVIEW
Dan-Dan Liu, Xiu-Yun Song, Peng-Fei Yang, Qi-Di Ai, Ying-Ying Wang, Xiao-Ye Feng, Xin He, Nai-Hong Chen
Currently, the research of chemokines has penetrated into many fields of life science. A new kind of chemokines, chemokine like factor 1 (CKLF1), which is cloned through suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH) technology is expressed widely in human body, especially in the lung and peripheral blood leukocytes. CKLF1 has a broad spectrum of chemotaxic activity for many cells, such as lymphocytes, macrophages, bone marrow cells, nerve cells and so on. In addition, CKLF1 also stimulates the regeneration of skeletal muscle cells in vivo...
December 21, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273779/reading-and-editing-the-pleurodeles-waltl-genome-reveals-novel-features-of-tetrapod-regeneration
#20
Ahmed Elewa, Heng Wang, Carlos Talavera-López, Alberto Joven, Gonçalo Brito, Anoop Kumar, L Shahul Hameed, May Penrad-Mobayed, Zeyu Yao, Neda Zamani, Yamen Abbas, Ilgar Abdullayev, Rickard Sandberg, Manfred Grabherr, Björn Andersson, András Simon
Salamanders exhibit an extraordinary ability among vertebrates to regenerate complex body parts. However, scarce genomic resources have limited our understanding of regeneration in adult salamanders. Here, we present the ~20 Gb genome and transcriptome of the Iberian ribbed newt Pleurodeles waltl, a tractable species suitable for laboratory research. We find that embryonic stem cell-specific miRNAs mir-93b and mir-427/430/302, as well as Harbinger DNA transposons carrying the Myb-like proto-oncogene have expanded dramatically in the Pleurodeles waltl genome and are co-expressed during limb regeneration...
December 22, 2017: Nature Communications
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