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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429931/heterobimetallic-nitrido-complexes-of-group-8-metalloporphyrins
#1
Wai-Man Cheung, Wai-Hang Chiu, Matthew de Vere-Tucker, Herman H-Y Sung, Ian D Williams, Wa-Hung Leung
Heterobimetallic nitrido porphyrin complexes with the [(L)(por)M-N-M'(LOEt)Cl2] formula {por(2-) = 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP(2-)) or 5,10,15,20-tetra(p-tolyl)porphyrin (TTP(2-)) dianion; LOEt(-) = [Co(η(5)-C5H5){P(O)(OEt)2}3](-); M = Fe, Ru, or Os; M' = Ru or Os; L = H2O or pyridine} have been synthesized, and their electrochemistry has been studied. Treatment of trans-[Fe(TPP)(py)2] (py = pyridine) with Ru(VI) nitride [Ru(LOEt)(N)Cl2] (1) afforded Fe/Ru μ-nitrido complex [(py)(TPP)Fe(μ-N)Ru(LOEt)Cl2] (2)...
April 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429097/immunomodulatory-and-therapeutic-role-of-cinnamomum-verum-extracts-in-collagen-induced-arthritic-balb-c-mice
#2
Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Attya Bhatti, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Mansur Abdullah Sandhu, Sidrah Anjum, Peter John
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum verum (CV), also known as 'Dalchini', is the dry bark of the Cinnamomum verum (L.) plant, and has been used as a traditional Pakistani medicine to alleviate pain and inflammation in patients suffering from arthritic rheumatism. It contains alkaloids, triterpenes, Cinnamaldehyde and other volatile oils. The aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying biological effect of ethyl alcohol (EtOH) and methyl alcohol (MeOH) extracts from CV on collagen type-II induced arthritic (CIA) mice...
April 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426062/a-sandwich-shaped-m3l2-zinc-ii-complex-containing-1-3-5-tris-dimethyl-pyridin-3-yl-silyl-benzene-selective-photoluminescence-recognition-of-diiodomethane
#3
Sangseok Lee, Haeri Lee, Ok-Sang Jung
Self-assembly of Zn(ClO4)2 with 1,3,5-tris(dimethyl(pyridin-3-yl)silyl)benzene (L) as a new C3-symmetric tridentate N-donor gives rise to a discrete sandwich-shaped M3L2 architecture, [Zn3(μ-OH)3L2](ClO4)3·4CH3CN·2H2O. Its blue photoluminescence is significantly quenched only by CH2I2 among the various small molecules, CH2Cl2, CH2Br2, CHCl3, 1,2-dichloroethane, EtOH, CH3CN, benzene, toluene, and phenol.
April 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417085/hepatoprotective-standardized-etoh-water-extract-from-the-seeds-of-fraxinus-rhynchophylla-hance
#4
Sen Guo, Tiantian Guo, Ni Cheng, Qingchao Liu, Yunting Zhang, Lu Bai, Li Zhang, Wei Cao, Chi-Tang Ho, Naisheng Bai
Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance (Oleaceae), its stem barks are known as Cortex fraxini ( qín pí) listed in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Phytochemical study has indicated that methanol extracts from Qinpi has protective effect on acute liver injury. The present study investigates the hepatoprotective activity of EtOH-water extract from the seeds of F. rhynchophylla Hance against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in mice. The EtOH-water extract significantly alleviated liver damage as indicated by the decreased levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), the malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and increased the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and reduced the pathological tissue injury induced by CCl4...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411434/synthesis-and-characterization-of-nife2o4-cu-nanoparticles-as-a-magnetically-recoverable-catalyst-for-reduction-of-nitroarenes-to-arylamines-with-nabh4
#5
Behzad Zeynizadeh, Iman Mohammadzadeh, Zahra Shokri, Seyed Ali Hosseini
In this research, a simple and efficient method for synthesis of magnetically separable NiFe2O4@Cu nanocomposite under co-precipitation conditions was described. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analyses confirmed the construction of NiFe2O4@Cu nanoparticles. The prepared core-shell nanocomposite showed a satisfactory catalytic activity for NaBH4 reduction of nitroarenes to arylamines...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395361/terpenoids-from-leaves-of-guarea-macrophylla-display-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activity-and-induce-apoptosis-in-melanoma-cells
#6
Geanne Alexandra A Conserva, Natalia Girola, Carlos R Figueiredo, Ricardo A Azevedo, Sasha Mousdell, Patricia Sartorelli, Marisi G Soares, Guilherme M Antar, João Henrique G Lago
Guarea macrophylla is a Brazilian plant species that has been used in folk medicine to treat a range of diseases. Our ongoing work focuses on the discovery of new bioactive natural products derived from Brazilian flora. The current study describes the identification of cytotoxic compounds from the EtOH extract of leaves from G. macrophylla using bioactivity-guided fractionation. This approach resulted in the isolation and characterization of four compounds: cycloart-23E-ene-3β,25-diol (1), (23S*,24S*)-dihydroxycicloart-25-en-3-one (2), isopimara-7,15-diene-2α,3β-diol (3), and isopimara-7,15-dien-3β-ol (4), in which 2 and 3 are identified as new derivatives...
April 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391919/ethanol-mediated-as-iii-adsorption-onto-zn-loaded-pinecone-biochar-experimental-investigation-modeling-and-optimization-using-hybrid-artificial-neural-network-genetic-algorithm-approach
#7
Mohd Zafar, N Van Vinh, Shishir Kumar Behera, Hung-Suck Park
Organic matters (OMs) and their oxidization products often influence the fate and transport of heavy metals in the subsurface aqueous systems through interaction with the mineral surfaces. This study investigates the ethanol (EtOH)-mediated As(III) adsorption onto Zn-loaded pinecone (PC) biochar through batch experiments conducted under Box-Behnken design. The effect of EtOH on As(III) adsorption mechanism was quantitatively elucidated by fitting the experimental data using artificial neural network and quadratic modeling approaches...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390973/neolignans-and-serratane-triterpenoids-with-inhibitory-effects-on-xanthine-oxidase-from-palhinhaea-cernua
#8
Jing Li, Ping-Sheng Xu, Lei-Hong Tan, Zhen-Xing Zou, Yi-Kun Wang, Hong-Ping Long, Gan Zhou, Guang Li, Kang-Ping Xu, Gui-Shan Tan
Three new neolignans, lycocernuasides B-D (1-3), three new serratane triterpenoids, lycernuic ketones D (8) and E (9), and lycernuic A (10), together with six known compounds, were isolated from the 75% aqueous EtOH extract of Palhinhaea cernua. Their structures and absolute configurations were established primarily by NMR, HRESIMS and circular dichroism (CD). All compounds were evaluated the inhibitory activities of xanthine oxidase. Compounds 1-3 displayed moderate inhibitory effects on xanthine oxidase with IC50 values of 30...
April 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387508/solvent-induced-assembly-of-sliver-coordination-polymers-cps-as-cooperative-catalysts-for-synthesizing-of-cyclopentenone-b-pyrroles-frameworks
#9
Chao Huang, Xiao Han, ZhiChao Shao, Kuan Gao, Mengjia Liu, Yanjie Wang, Jie Wu, Hongwei Hou, Liwei Mi
A series of solvent-induced Ag-based coordination polymers (CPs) (1-3), which were synthesized by regulating the size, shape, and polarity of solvent molecules (EtOH, iPrOH, 1,4-dioxane) as structure-directing agents, has been used as heterogeneous catalysts to explore how the metal-metal bonds could serve as cooperative catalysis for tandem acylation-Nazarov cyclization reaction to prepare cyclopentenone[b]pyrroles frameworks. Structural conversions from a three-dimensional (3D) framework of 1 to the structure of 2 with Ag-Ag-Ag bonds and to the two-dimensional (2D) framework of 3 with Ag-Ag bonds, arising from the different sizes, shapes, and polarities of the solvent molecules, were observed...
April 7, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386220/ethanol-sensitization-during-adolescence-or-adulthood-induces-different-patterns-of-ethanol-consumption-without-affecting-ethanol-metabolism
#10
Priscila F Carrara-Nascimento, Lucas B Hoffmann, Marcos B Contó, Tania Marcourakis, Rosana Camarini
In previous study, we demonstrated that ethanol preexposure may increase ethanol consumption in both adolescent and adult mice, in a two-bottle choice model. We now questioned if ethanol exposure during adolescence results in changes of consumption pattern using a three-bottle choice procedure, considering drinking-in-the-dark and alcohol deprivation effect as strategies for ethanol consumption escalation. We also analyzed aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity as a measurement of ethanol metabolism. Adolescent and adult Swiss mice were treated with saline (SAL) or 2...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381493/recreational-concentrations-of-alcohol-enhance-synaptic-inhibition-of-cerebellar-unipolar-brush-cells-via-pre-and-postsynaptic-mechanisms
#11
Ben David Richardson, David James Rossi
Variation in cerebellar sensitivity to alcohol/ethanol (EtOH) is a heritable trait associated with alcohol use disorder (AUD) in humans and high EtOH consumption in rodents, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. A recently identified cellular substrate of cerebellar sensitivity to EtOH: the GABAergic system of cerebellar granule cells (GCs), shows divergent responses to EtOH paralleling EtOH consumption and motor impairment phenotype. Although GCs are the dominant afferent integrator in the cerebellum, such integration is shared by unipolar brush cells (UBCs) in vestibulocerebellar lobes...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379594/pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-enhance-alcohol-induced-hepatocytotoxicity-in-vitro-in-normal-human-hepatocytes
#12
M G Neuman, L B Cohen, V Steenkamp
OBJECTIVE: Herbal remedies containing pyrrilidozine alkaloids (PA)s can induce liver damage, including hepato-sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) or veno-occlusive liver disease (VOD). Some individuals misusing alcohol consume also teas and/or herbal remedies containing PA. The interaction or additive toxicity of alcohol to PA toxicity needs to be addressed. The objectives of this study are 1) to review the scientific literature on the PA-induced liver toxicity; 2) identify possible mechanism(s) involved in PA-induced hepatocytotoxicity in the presence or absence of ethanol (EtOH) in vitro in normal human hepatocytes (NHH) in primary culture...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378593/protective-roles-of-monsonia-angustifolia-and-its-active-compounds-in-experimental-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Yoon Sun Chun, Joonki Kim, Sungkwon Chung, Eric Khorombi, Dashnie Naidoo, Rudzani Nthambeleni, Nial Harding, Vinesh Maharaj, Gerda Fouche, Hyun Ok Yang
Alzheimer's disease (AD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by the accumulation of neurotoxic β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides, which consequently affects cognitive decline and memory impairment. Current research on AD treatment is actively focusing on the prevention of neurotoxic Aβ peptide accumulation. Monsonia angustifolia is reported to be consumed as an indigenous vegetable in Tanzania. In this study, we investigated the effect of the ethanol (EtOH) extract of M. angustifolia dried ground material on Aβ production and spatial learning ability as protection against AD...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374021/a-structurally-characterised-redox-pair-involving-an-indigo-radical-indigo-based-redox-activity-in-complexes-with-one-or-two-ru-bpy-2-fragments
#14
Madhumita Chatterjee, Prasenjit Mondal, Katharina Beyer, Alexa Paretzki, Wolfgang Kaim, Goutam Kumar Lahiri
The reaction between indigo, H2Ind, and {Ru(bpy)2(EtOH)2}(2+) in EtOH/NaOH produced the compounds [Ru(bpy)2(HInd)]ClO4 [1]ClO4, rac-{[Ru(bpy)2]2(μ-Ind)}(ClO4)2 [2](ClO4)2, and meso-{[Ru(bpy)2]2(μ-Ind)}(ClO4)3 [2](ClO4)3, which were structurally characterised, the latter as the first stable, isolable radical complex of indigo. The redox pair 2(2+)/2(3+) showed little structural difference, as confirmed using DFT calculations. The redox series 1(n) and 2(n) were investigated using voltammetry and spectroelectrochemistry (EPR, UV-vis-NIR)...
April 11, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368059/pd-2-fluorescent-sensors-based-on-amino-and-imino-derivatives-of-rhodamine-and-improvement-of-water-solubility-by-the-formation-of-inclusion-complexes-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin
#15
Yan-Song Zhang, Rathinam Balamurugan, Jian-Chin Lin, Sri Fitriyani, Jui-Hsiang Liu, Alexander Emelyanenko
Mono- and bis-rhodamine derivatives appended with amino (RhB1) and imino (BRI) groups, respectively, have been designed as colorimetric and fluorescent sensors for the selective detection of Pd(2+). In addition, an attempt has been made to improve the water solubility of the probe by synthesizing inclusion complexes of RhB1 with β-cyclodextrin as the host molecule. The resulting probe, RhB1-CD, exhibited exactly the same physicochemical phenomena as the guest molecule RhB1, indicating that complexation with β-CD improved the water solubility of RhB1 without affecting its sensing ability...
April 3, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367713/src-syk-targeted-anti-inflammatory-actions-of-triterpenoidal-saponins-from-gac-momordica-cochinchinensis-seeds
#16
Jae Sik Yu, Jun Ho Kim, Seulah Lee, Kiwon Jung, Ki Hyun Kim, Jae Youl Cho
Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng (family Cucurbitaceae), also known as gac, or red melon, is an edible Southeast Asian fruit valued for its nutritional and medicinal properties. Specifically, Momordicae Semen, the seeds of the gac fruit, is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat boils, rheumatic pain, muscle spasm, hemorrhoids, and hemangiomas. In this study, a chemical investigation into a gac seed ethanol (EtOH) extract resulted in the identification of three triterpenoidal saponins (1-3), which were investigated for their anti-inflammatory effects...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360860/acanthoic-acid-can-partially-prevent-alcohol-exposure-induced-liver-lipid-deposition-and-inflammation
#17
You-Li Yao, Xin Han, Zhi-Man Li, Li-Hua Lian, Ji-Xing Nan, Yan-Ling Wu
Aims: The present study aims to detect the effect of acanthoic acid (AA) on alcohol exposure-induced liver lipid deposition and inflammation, and to explore the mechanisms. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with single dose of AA (20 and 40 mg/kg) by oral gavage or equal volume of saline, and then exposed to three doses of ethanol (5 g/kg body weight, 25%, w/v) by gavage within 24 h. The mice were sacrificed at 6 h after the last ethanol dosing. Serum and hepatic indexes were detected by western blot, RT-PCR, and histopathological assay...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357634/bioactive-flavonoids-from-flos-sophorae
#18
Wenzhong Shi, Lili Liu, Jian Li, Lu Qu, Xu Pang, Haiyang Yu, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Three new flavonoid glycosides-soyaflavonosides A (1), B (2), and C (3)-together with 23 known ones were obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of Flos Sophorae (Sophora japonica, Leguminosae). Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Among the known isolates, 14, 18, 20, 22, and 26 were isolated from the Sophora genus for the first time; 12, 19, 24, and 25 were obtained from the species firstly. Moreover, NMR data for compounds 18 and 26 are reported for the first time here. Meanwhile, compounds 4, 8-13, 15, 16, 19, 21, and 22 presented obvious inhibitory effects on TG accumulation in HepG2 cells...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342849/comparative-effects-of-etoh-consumption-and-thiamine-deficiency-on-cognitive-impairment-oxidative-damage-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide-overproduction-in-the-brain
#19
Yu-Shi Gong, Kun Hu, Lu-Qi Yang, Juan Guo, Yong-Qing Gao, Feng-Lin Song, Fang-Li Hou, Cui-Yi Liang
The effects of chronic EtOH consumption, associated or not with thiamine deficiency (TD), on cognitive impairment, oxidative damage, and β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide accumulation in the brain were investigated in male C57BL/6 mice. We established an alcoholic mouse model by feeding an EtOH liquid diet, a TD mouse model by feeding a thiamine-depleted liquid diet, and an EtOH treatment associated with TD mouse model by feeding a thiamine-depleted EtOH liquid diet for 7 weeks. The learning and memory functions of the mice were detected through the Y-maze test...
March 22, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340940/axially-modified-paddlewheel-diruthenium-ii-iii-ibuprofenato-metallodrugs-and-the-influence-of-the-structural-modification-on-u87mg-and-a172-human-glioma-cell-proliferation-apoptosis-mitosis-and-migration
#20
Hanif-Ur-Rehman, Tatiana E Freitas, Renata N Gomes, Alison Colquhoun, Denise de Oliveira Silva
The metallodrug chloridotetrakis(ibuprofenato)diruthenium(II,III) ([Ru2(Ibp)4Cl] or RuIbpCl (1), Ibp=carboxylate anion derived from the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen) has shown promising results in vitro and in vivo, which point to its potential as an inhibitor of glioma tumour growth in vivo. In order to get insight into the influence of structural changes on the biological response of the metallodrug, the [Ru2(Ibp)4] metal-metal multiply bonded paddlewheel unit was modified for the axial ligand...
December 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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