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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331956/enzyme-assisted-supercritical-fluid-extraction-an-alternative-and-green-technology-for-non-extractable-polyphenols
#1
Muhammad Mushtaq, Bushra Sultana, Sumia Akram, Farooq Anwar, Ahmad Adnan, Syed S H Rizvi
This contribution proposes an enzyme-assisted eco-friendly process for the extraction of non-extractable polyphenols (NEPPs) from black tea leftover (BTLO), an underutilized tea waste. BTLO hydrolyzed with various enzyme formulations was extracted using supercritical carbon dioxide and ethanol as co-solvent (SC-CO2 + EtOH). A conventional solvent extraction (CSE) was performed using EtOH + H2O (80:20, v/v) for comparison purposes. The results revealed that hydrolysis of BTLO with 2.9% (w/w) kemzyme at 45 °C and pH 5...
March 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327751/luminescence-sensing-of-weakly-hydrated-anions-in-aqueous-solution-by-self-assembled-europium-iii-complexes
#2
Takuya Sagami, Yuhei O Tahara, Makoto Miyata, Hiroyuki Miyake, Satoshi Shinoda
Self-assembled europium(iii) complexes produced dispersed nanoparticles with diameters of about 4-8 nm, which exhibited long-lived luminescence in a 20 wt% EtOH-H2O solution. The complexes could sense weakly hydrated anions, such as perchlorate, by a change in luminescence intensity using an anion displacement method.
March 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326124/adverse-effects-of-hydroalcoholic-extracts-and-the-major-components-in-the-stems-of-impatiens-balsamina-l-on-caenorhabditis-elegans
#3
Hong-Fang Jiang, Zi-Heng Zhuang, Bei-Wei Hou, Bao-Jun Shi, Cheng-Jie Shu, Lei Chen, Guo-Xin Shi, Wei-Ming Zhang
Impatiens balsamina L. (Balsaminaceae), an annual herb found throughout China, has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, our knowledge regarding the adverse effects of I. balsamina in vivo is very limited. In this present study, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans model was employed to fully assess the adverse effects of hydroalcoholic (EtOH 55%) extracts of I. balsamina stems (HAEIBS) in vivo. After exposure to 10 mg/mL HAEIBS, the major organism-level endpoints of C. elegans of percent survival, frequency of head thrash and body bends, and reproduction had decreased by 24%, 30%, and 25%, respectively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324816/sex-differences-and-hormonal-modulation-of-ethanol-enhanced-risk-taking-in-rats
#4
Kathryn G Wallin-Miller, Jordyn Chesley, Juliana Castrillon, Ruth I Wood
BACKGROUND: Ethanol (EtOH) intake correlates with increased risk-taking, and sex differences exist in both EtOH use and risk-taking in humans and rats. However, the interaction of sex and gonadal hormones to affect risk-taking under the influence of EtOH has not been determined. This was the focus of the current study. METHODS: Adult Long-Evans rats (n=18 males and females) were gonadectomized and received hormone replacement at physiologic levels or blank implants (n=7-9/group)...
March 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322841/electrophysiological-properties-and-augmented-catecholamine-release-from-chromaffin-cells-of-wky-and-shr-rats-contributing-to-the-hypertension-development-elicited-by-chronic-etoh-consumption
#5
Guilherme Henrique Souza Bomfim, Iago Méndez-López, José Carlos Fernández-Morales, Juan Fernando Padín, Aron Jurkiewicz, Neide Hyppolito Jurkiewicz, Antonio García García
It is known that chronic ethanol (EtOH) consumption leads to hypertension development and has been associated with deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system. Whether this condition alters calcium (Ca(2+)) signaling and exocytosis in adrenal chromaffin cells (CCs) as the case is for genetic hypertension, is unknown. We explored this question in four randomized experimental groups, male Wistar Kyoto (WKY/EtOH) and Spontaneously Hypertensive (SHR/EtOH) rats were subjected to the intake of increasing EtOH concentrations (5-20%, for 30 days) and their respective controls (WKY/Control and SHR/Control) received water...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320086/antifibrotic-effect-of-diethylcarbamazine-combined-with-hesperidin-against-ethanol-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats
#6
Alaa El-Din El-Sayed El-Sisi, Samia Salim Sokar, Abdelhadi Mohamed Shebl, Dina Zakaria Mohamed
Chronic alcohol consumption leads to extracellular matrix hyperplasia and liver fibrosis with a great role of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation in this process. The present study was designed to investigate the possible protective effects of diethylcarbamazine (DEC) (50mg/kg, acting as an anti-inflammatory drug, interferes with the arachidonic acid metabolism) when administrated in combination with hesperidin (HDN) (200mg/kg, a flavanone glycoside with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities) against alcoholic liver fibrosis in wistar rats compared to silymarin (Sil) (100mg/kg)...
March 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317744/molecular-study-of-mucin-procyanidin-interaction-by-fluorescence-quenching-and-saturation-transfer-difference-std-nmr
#7
Elsa Brandão, Mafalda Santos Silva, Ignacio García-Estévez, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas, Susana Soares
Astringency is closely related to the interaction between procyanidins and salivary proteins (SP). The aim of this work was to study the interaction between mucin, a SP responsible for saliva lubricating properties, with different procyanidins (B4 dimer, tetramer (TT) and fractions of oligomeric procyanidins), and the influence of several conditions [pH, ionic strength, procyanidins' mean degree of polymerization (mDP) and different solvents (ethanol or dimethylsulfoxide)] on this interaction by fluorescence quenching and Saturation Transfer Difference (STD)-NMR...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303711/phenolic-elderberry-extracts-anthocyanins-procyanidins-and-metabolites-influence-glucose-and-fatty-acid-uptake-in-human-skeletal-muscle-cells
#8
Giang Thanh Thi Ho, Eili Tranheim Kase, Helle Wangensteen, Hilde Barsett
The uptake of glucose and fatty acids in skeletal muscle is of interest for type 2 diabetes treatment. The aim was to study glucose and fatty acid uptake in skeletal muscle cells, antioxidant effects and inhibition of carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes by elderberries. Enhanced glucose and oleic acid uptake in human skeletal muscle cells were observed after treatment with phenolic elderberry extracts, anthocyanins, procyanidins and their metabolites. The 96% EtOH and the acidified MeOH extracts were highly active...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301880/fast-and-green-co2-based-extraction-isolation-and-quantification-of-phenolic-styrax-constituents
#9
Johanna Scheuba, Valerie-Katharina Wronski, Judith M Rollinger, Ulrike Grienke
In this study the first supercritical fluid based protocol for the extraction, analysis, and isolation of six polar compounds, i.e., o-vanillin (1), styracin (2), vanillin (3), trans-cinnamic acid (4), vanillic acid (5), and shikimic acid (6), was developed. First, eight styrax resin products (R1-R8) obtained from various Liquidambar tree species, which are known to contain compounds 2-6, were extracted with a 1 : 1 mixture of supercritical CO2 and EtOH. Within 4 minutes, the compounds were successfully baseline separated on an Acquity UPC(2) BEH 2-EP (3...
March 16, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299793/foxo1-ampk-ulk1-regulates-ethanol-induced-autophagy-in-muscle-by-enhanced-atg14-association-with-the-becn1-pik3c3-complex
#10
Ly Q Hong-Brown, C Randell Brown, Maithili Navaratnarajah, Charles H Lang
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol (EtOH) consumption causes imbalances in protein metabolism. EtOH impairs protein synthesis in C2C12 myoblasts via a FoxO1-AMPK-TSC2-mTORC1 pathway and also induces degradation. As the underlying regulatory signaling cascades for these processes are currently poorly defined, we tested the hypothesis that alcohol-induced autophagy is mediated via activation of the PIK3C3 complex that is regulated by FoxO1-AMPK. METHODS: C2C12 myoblasts were incubated with EtOH for various periods of time and autophagy pathway-related proteins were assessed by Western blotting and immunoprecipitation...
March 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294231/temperature-dependence-of-photocatalytic-co2-reduction-by-trans-cl-ru-bpy-co-2cl2-activation-energy-difference-between-co-and-formate-production
#11
Hitoshi Ishida, Akihiko Sakaba
The temperature dependence of photocatalytic CO2 reduction by trans(Cl)-Ru(bpy)(CO)2Cl2 (bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine) has been researched in ethanol (EtOH)/N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) solutions containing [Ru(bpy)3](2+) (a photosensitizer) and 1-benzyl-1,4-dihydronicotinamide (BNAH, an electron donor). The catalytic system efficiently reduces CO2 to carbon monoxide (CO) with formate (HCOO(-)) as a minor product. The mechanism of the catalysis consists of the electron-relay cycle and the catalytic cycle: in the former cycle the photochemically generated reduced species of the photosensitizer injects an electron to the catalyst, and in the latter the catalyst reduces CO2...
March 15, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293082/anti-inflammatory-intestinal-activity-of-combretum-duarteanum-cambess-in-trinitrobenzene-sulfonic-acid-colitis-model
#12
Gedson Rodrigues de Morais Lima, Flavia Danniele Frota Machado, Larissa Lucena Périco, Felipe Meira de Faria, Anderson Luiz-Ferreira, Alba Regina Monteiro Souza Brito, Cláudia Helena Pellizzon, Clélia Akiko Hiruma-Lima, Josean Fechine Tavares, José Maria Barbosa Filho, Leônia Maria Batista
AIM: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory intestinal effect of the ethanolic extract (EtOHE) and hexane phase (HexP) obtained from the leaves of Combretum duarteanum (Cd). METHODS: Inflammatory bowel disease was induced using trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid in acute and relapsed ulcerative colitis in rat models. Damage scores, and biochemical, histological and immunohistochemical parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: Both Cd-EtOHE and Cd-HexP caused significant reductions in macroscopic lesion scores and ulcerative lesion areas...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291777/adolescent-but-not-adult-ethanol-binge-drinking-modulates-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-mice
#13
Juan Carlos Ledesma, Maria A Aguilar, Pablo Giménez-Gómez, José Miñarro, Marta Rodríguez-Arias
BACKGROUND: Ethanol (EtOH) binge drinking is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers that induces long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations in adulthood. An early history of EtOH abuse during adolescence is highly correlated with cocaine addiction in adulthood. Abstinence of cocaine abuse can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety, psychosis, depression, and cognitive impairments. This study assessed the consequences of adolescent exposure to EtOH on the behavioral alterations promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287569/self-assembling-morphologies-obtained-from-helical-polycarbodiimide-copolymers-and-their-triazole-derivatives
#14
Oleg V Kulikov, Dumindika A Siriwardane, Gregory T McCandless, Samsuddin F Mahmood, Bruce M Novak
A facile method for the preparation of polycarbodiimide-based secondary structures (e.g., nano-rings, "craters," fibers, looped fibers, fibrous networks, ribbons, worm-like aggregates, toroidal structures, and spherical particles) is described. These aggregates are morphologically influenced by extensive hydrophobic side chain-side chain interactions of the singular polycarbodiimide strands, as inferred by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. Polycarbodiimide-g-polystyrene copolymers (PS-PCDs) were prepared by a combination of synthetic methods, including coordination-insertion polymerization, copper(I)-catalyzed azide alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) "click" chemistry, and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285876/one-pot-synthesis-of-a-new-2-substituted-1-2-3-triazole-1-oxide-derivative-from-dipyridyl-ketone-and-isonitrosoacetophenone-hydrazone-nickel-ii-complex-dna-binding-and-cleavage-properties
#15
Ramazan Gup, Oktay Erer, Nefise Dilek
An efficient and simple one-pot synthesis of a new 1,2,3-triazole-1-oxide via reaction between isonitrosoacetophenone hydrazone and dipyridyl ketone in the EtOH/AcOH at room temperature has been developed smoothly in high yield. The reaction proceeds via metal salt free, in-situ formation of asymmetric azine followed by cyclization to provide 1,2,3-triazole 1-oxide compound. It has been structurally characterized. The 1:1 ratio reaction of the 1,2,3-triazole 1-oxide ligand with nickel(II) chloride gives the mononuclear complex [Ni(L)(DMF)Cl2], hexa-coordinated within an octahedral geometry...
March 3, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282861/elderberry-and-elderflower-extracts-phenolic-compounds-and-metabolites-and-their-effect-on-complement-raw-264-7-macrophages-and-dendritic-cells
#16
Giang Thanh Thi Ho, Helle Wangensteen, Hilde Barsett
Modulation of complement activity and inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production by macrophages and dendritic cells may have therapeutic value in inflammatory diseases. Elderberry and elderflower extracts, constituents, and metabolites were investigated for their effects on the complement system, and on NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages and murine dendritic D2SC/I cells. The EtOH crude extracts from elderberry and elderflower and the isolated anthocyanins and procyanidins possessed strong complement fixating activity and strong inhibitory activity on NO production in RAW cells and dendritic cells...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279523/phytotoxic-phenylpropanoids-isolated-from-ophryosporus-charua-griseb-hieron
#17
Margarita M Del M Bravetti, Raquel V Vico, Maria C Carpinella, Carlos C Ferrayoli, Sara M Palacios
Bioguided isolation of the EtOH extract from the medicinal native plant, Ophryosporus charua, against Raphanus sativus, yielded three phenylpropanoids, charuol A [(Z)-4-((1S,2R)-3-acetoxy-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate], charuepoxide [(Z)-4-((2S,3R)-3-(acetoxymethyl oxiran-2-yl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate] and charuol B [(Z)-4-((1R,2R)-3-acetoxy-1,2-dihydroxypropyl)phenyl) 2-methylbut-2-enoate]. Their structures and absolute configuration were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses...
March 6, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276763/coumarins-from-the-bark-of-juglans-mandshurica-exhibited-anti-hepatoma-activities-via-inducing-apoptosis
#18
Guo-Dong Yao, Zhuo-Yang Cheng, Xin-Yue Shang, Pin-Yi Gao, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, has high morbidity and mortality rates, and its prognosis is poor. The treatment options of HCC are limited by the lack of effective chemotherapy. Therefore, looking for effective drugs with little toxicity is very urgent. The aim of this study was to search for small molecule targeting on liver cancer from Juglans mandshurica, which has been used to treat cancers for a long time in China. Under the guide of anti-hepatoma activity, a new coumarin (1), together with eight reported analogs (2‒9), was isolated from the 75% EtOH extract...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275339/nicotine-increases-alcohol-intake-in-adolescent-male-rats
#19
Armando Lárraga, James D Belluzzi, Frances M Leslie
Background: Use of alcohol and tobacco, the two most concurrently abused drugs, typically first occurs during adolescence. Yet, there have been no systematic analyses of ethanol (EtOH) and nicotine (Nic) interactions during adolescence. Recent animal studies report that kappa-opioid (KOR) receptor activation mediates age differences in drug reinforcement. Our hypothesis is that concurrent self-administration of EtOH and Nic will be greater in adolescent rats because of age differences in KOR function. Furthermore, exposure to alcohol and nicotine during adolescence has been reported to increase EtOH intake in adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274894/effects-of-antrosterol-from-antrodia-camphorata-submerged-whole-broth-on-lipid-homeostasis-antioxidation-alcohol-clearance-and-anti-inflammation-in-livers-of-chronic-alcohol-fed-mice
#20
Yuan-Yen Chang, Yi-Chen Liu, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Yi-Ling Lin, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Jr-Wei Chen, Yi-Chen Chen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Antrodia camphorata is a functional fungus in Taiwan and owns several pharmacological functions. Antrosterol, a bioactive constitute of sterols in edible Antrodia camphorata submerged whole broth, can protect liver from CCl4 damage via enhancing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aims of this study were to investigate the hepatoprotection of antrosterol against alcohol consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Lieber-DeCarli regular EtOH diet (EtOH liquid diet, 5% (v/v) alcohol) was applied to induce alcoholic liver damage...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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