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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150612/health-impact-of-e-cigarettes-a-prospective-3-5-year-study-of-regular-daily-users-who-have-never-smoked
#1
Riccardo Polosa, Fabio Cibella, Pasquale Caponnetto, Marilena Maglia, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo, Donald Tashkin
Although electronic cigarettes (ECs) are a much less harmful alternative to tobacco cigarettes, there is concern as to whether long-term ECs use may cause risks to human health. We report health outcomes (blood pressure, heart rate, body weight, lung function, respiratory symptoms, exhaled breath nitric oxide [eNO], exhaled carbon monoxide [eCO], and high-resolution computed tomography [HRCT] of the lungs) from a prospective 3.5-year observational study of a cohort of nine daily EC users (mean age 29.7 (±6...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150279/resolution-of-recurrent-tonsillitis-in-a-non-smoker-who-became-a-vaper-a-case-study-and-new-hypothesis
#2
Joanna Astrid Miler, Peter Hajek
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the impact of vaping on respiratory infections remains contradictory. Cell and animal studies suggested that vaping may increase vulnerability to respiratory infections, but human data do not confirm this concern. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a never-smoker who became a vaper and after a few months of e-cigarette use experienced a complete resolution of chronic tonsillitis and a marked improvement in tonsilloliths. CONCLUSIONS: As this is a never-smoker, the improvements cannot be attributed to smoking cessation...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149889/electronic-cigarette-vapor-alters-the-lateral-structure-but-not-tensiometric-properties-of-calf-lung-surfactant
#3
Rebecca J Przybyla, Jason Wright, Rajan Parthiban, Saeed Nazemidashtarjandi, Savas Kaya, Amir M Farnoud
BACKGROUND: Despite their growing popularity, the potential respiratory toxicity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) remains largely unknown. One potential aspect of e-cigarette toxicity is the effect of e-cigarette vapor on lung surfactant function. Lung surfactant is a mixture of lipids and proteins that lines the alveolar region. The surfactant layer reduces the surface tension of the alveolar fluid, thereby playing a crucial role in lung stability. Due to their small size, particulates in e-cigarette vapor can penetrate the deep lungs and come into contact with the lung surfactant...
November 17, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149636/examining-characteristics-associated-with-quitting-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-relapse-postpartum
#4
Farnaaz Kia, Nicole Tosun, Samantha Carlson, Sharon Allen
INTRODUCTION: Smoking during pregnancy is a significant public health concern that can cause adverse health outcomes for both the mother and fetus. Studies have shown only 40% of women quit smoking during pregnancy, with more than half relapsing within 6months, and up to 90% relapsing within one year. This study investigates differences in demographics and smoking-related symptomatology between pregnant smokers and pregnant quitters, as well as factors associated with postpartum relapse...
November 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149048/quit-methods-used-by-american-smokers-2013-2014
#5
Brad Rodu, Nantaporn Plurphanswat
This report describes the quit methods used in the past 12 months by current and former smokers in the baseline Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study during 2013-2014. Descriptive statistics were used to report the use of single and two or more quit methods; survey weights were used to compute population estimates. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between past year former smokers and single quit method, including individual characteristics. RESULTS: Of 11,402 current smokers and 4919 former smokers, 4541 had tried and 839 had quit in the past 12 months...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145647/trends-and-correlates-of-waterpipe-use-in-the-european-union-analysis-of-selected-eurobarometer-surveys-2009-2017
#6
Filippos T Filippidis, Mohammed Jawad, Constantine I Vardavas
Introduction: To assess the trends and correlates of waterpipe use between 2009 and 2017 in the 28 European Union (EU) member states. Methods: We analysed data from wave 72.3 (2009, n=27,788); wave 77.1 (2012, n=26,751); wave 82.4 (2014, n=27,801); and wave 87.1 (2017, n=27,901) of the Eurobarometer survey. Representative samples of EU residents aged ≥15 years were asked to report ever use of waterpipe. Regular waterpipe use, i.e. at least once a month was also assessed in 2017...
November 14, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#7
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142532/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-receptivity-to-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-e-cigarette-use-among-baseline-non-users-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-united-states
#8
Israel T Agaku, Kevin Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Shanna Cox, William Ridgeway, Brian A King
Background: We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Methods: A nationally representative online panel was used to survey non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes (n = 2191) at baseline and 5-month follow-up. At baseline, respondents were shown an e-cigarette advertisement and asked if they were aware of it (exposure)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141328/-association-between-smoking-smoking-cessation-and-glycemic-control-in-male-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
J Su, Y Qin, C Shen, Y Gao, E C Pan, X Q Pan, R Tao, Y Q Zhang, M Wu
Objective: To explore the association of smoking and smoking cessation with glycemic control in male patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: From December 2013 to January 2014, a total of 7 763 male patients with type 2 diabetes, who received national basic public health service in Changshu county of Suzhou city, Huai'an and Qinghe districts of Huai'an city, Jiangsu province, were recruited by cluster sampling. Questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurements were conducted, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were measured...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138902/-use-of-e%C3%A2-cigarettes-as-an-additional-tool-in-a%C3%A2-smoking-cessation-group-intervention-results-after-12%C3%A2-months
#10
Christoph B Kröger, Sarah Ofner, Daniela Piontek
BACKGROUND: E-cigarettes are considerably safer regarding health issues than conventional cigarettes, but there is uncertainty concerning its use for smoking cessation. OBJECTIVES: How and to what extent are E‑cigarettes used by smokers willing to quit? Are E‑cigarettes a useful intervention for smokers attending a group intervention for smoking cessation? MATERIALS AND METHODS: One year after attending a group intervention for smoking cessation in Germany, 637 attendants were assessed by telephone...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138548/e-cigarettes-in-patients-with-copd-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
J B Morjaria, E Mondati, R Polosa
Conventional cigarette smoking is known to result in significant COPD morbidity and mortality. Strategies to reduce and/or stop smoking in this highly vulnerable patient group are key public health priorities to reduce COPD morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, smoking cessation efforts in patients with COPD are poor and there is a compelling need for more efficient approaches to cessation for patients with COPD. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are devices that use batteries to vaporize nicotine. They may facilitate quit attempts and cessation in many smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137583/the-effect-of-intensive-care-unit-admission-on-smokers-attitudes-and-their-likelihood-of-quitting-smoking
#12
C M Polmear, H Nathan, S Bates, C French, J Odisho, E Skinner, A Karahalios, F McGain
We sought to estimate the proportion of patients admitted to a metropolitan intensive care unit (ICU) who were current smokers, and the relationships between ICU survivors who smoked and smoking cessation and/or reduction six months post-ICU discharge. We conducted a prospective cohort study at a metropolitan level III ICU in Melbourne, Victoria. One hundred consecutive patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients who were smokers at time of ICU admission, had an ICU length of stay greater than one day, survived to ICU discharge, and provided written informed consent...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132954/weight-status-and-cigarette-and-electronic-cigarette-use-in-adolescents
#13
Joanne Delk, MeLisa R Creamer, Cheryl L Perry, Melissa B Harrell
INTRODUCTION: Research shows that adolescents who are overweight or obese may be at greater risk of cigarette smoking, and that this relationship may vary by gender. However, this relationship is understudied for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the high rate of adolescent obesity and the rise in e-cigarette use in adolescents, this relationship should be investigated. METHODS: Data are from the third wave (collected October 2015-January 2016) of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance system...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131876/errors-in-data-input-in-meta-analysis-on-association-between-initial-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-subsequent-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131420/chromatographic-analysis-of-voc-patterns-in-exhaled-breath-from-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#15
Simonetta Capone, Maria Tufariello, Angiola Forleo, Valentina Longo, Lucia Giampietruzzi, Antonio Vincenzo Radogna, Flavio Casino, Pietro Siciliano
Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes many diseases. The analysis of exhaled breath for exogenous and endogenous Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) can provide fundamental information on active smoking and insight into the health damage that smoke is creating. Various exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been reported as typical of smoking habit and recent tobacco consumption, but to date, no eligible biomarkers have been identified. Aiming to identify such potential biomarkers, in this pilot study we analysed the chemical patterns of exhaled breath from 26 volunteers divided in groups of nonsmokers and subgroups of smokers sampled at different periods of withdrawal from smoking...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131289/negative-predictors-of-treatment-success-in-outpatient-therapy-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-results-of-the-control-nt-observational-registry
#16
Krzysztof J Filipiak, Mariusz Tomaniak, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymański, Andrzej Tykarski
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors interfering with adequate control of arterial hypertension in the course of antihypertensive therapy is necessary to plan the strategy or reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disorders and optimize clinical practice guidelines. There have only been limited reliable studies describing the current status of hypertension treatment. AIM: The study objective was to conduct a screening assessment of the rate of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients coming to a routine follow-up visit, and to characterize patients with inadequate control of arterial hypertension in the aspect of their cardiovascular risk profile and therapeutic strategies used...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130421/high-tobacco-use-prevalence-with-significant-regional-and-sex-differences-in-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-western-alaska-native-people-the-watch-study
#17
Kathryn R Koller, Christie A Flanagan, Gretchen E Day, Christi Patten, Jason G Umans, Melissa A Austin, Scarlett E Hopkins, Cheryl Raindl, Bert B Boyer
Tobacco use prevalence among Alaska Native (AN) people living in Alaska is greater than the general population prevalence statewide and nationally. Better understanding of regional tobacco use is needed to improve cessation efforts and reduce prevalence. Using self-reported baseline data from the Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health study, we describe tobacco use patterns among AN people in two western Alaska regions. Data were stratified by age group and sex. Dual- and multi-product use in the Yukon-Kuskokwim (Y-K) region was stratified by concurrent vs sequential use...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130403/urinary-iodine-perchlorate-and-thiocyanate-concentrations-in-u-s-lactating-women
#18
Sun Y Lee, Alicia M McCarthy, Hindi E Stohl, Sherrine A Ibrahim, Christina Jeong, Lewis E Braverman, Wendy Siqian Ma, Xuemei He, Jorge H Mestman, Kristin E Schuller, Katherine A Jahreis, Elizabeth N Pearce, Angela M Leung
BACKGROUND: Iodine is an essential micronutrient for thyroid hormone production. Adequate iodine intake and normal thyroid function are important during early development, and breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine excreted in breast milk for their iodine nutrition. The proportion of U.S. women of childbearing age with urinary iodine concentration (UIC) <50µg/L has been increasing, and a subset of lactating women may have inadequate iodine intake. UIC may also be influenced by environmental exposure to perchlorate and thiocyanate, competitive inhibitors of iodine transport into thyroid and lactating mammary glands...
November 12, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129555/nicotine-delivery-efficiency-of-first-and-second-generation-e-cigarettes-and-its-impact-on-relief-of-craving-during-the-acute-phase-of-use
#19
Tobias Rüther, Dieter Hagedorn, Konstantin Schiela, Thomas Schettgen, Helga Osiander-Fuchs, Wolfgang Schober
Knowledge about the change in blood nicotine concentrations during the first five minutes (acute phase) of e-cigarette vaping is important to determine whether the used product has a dependence potential or may be an efficient nicotine replacement product. To address this issue, we monitored blood nicotine levels during the acute phase in volunteers using disposable cigalikes (CLs) and a tank model (TM) and compared them with blood nicotine levels in subjects using a tobacco cigarette (TC). In parallel, heart rate changes were continually measured and withdrawal symptoms and craving were assessed with the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges before and immediately after the vaping/smoking sessions...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129463/patterns-of-e-cigarette-use-frequency-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#20
Saida R Sharapova, Tushar Singh, Israel T Agaku, Sara M Kennedy, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Accounting for occasional or intermittent e-cigarette use has yielded higher estimates of current use among U.S. adults. However, frequency of e-cigarette use by population subgroups is not well described. This study assessed e-cigarette use frequency by sociodemographic characteristics and other tobacco product use among U.S. adults. METHODS: This study analyzed combined data from the 2012-2013 (n=60,192) and 2013-2014 (n=75,233) National Adult Tobacco Survey, a telephone-based survey of U...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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