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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103211/notes-from-the-field-hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome-in-a-migrant-farm-worker-colorado-2016
#1
Grace Marx, Kaylan Stinson, Monte Deatrich, Bernadette Albanese
HASH(0x51ae050)
20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100279/severe-community-acquired-adenovirus-pneumonia-treated-with-oral-ribavirin-a-case-report
#2
Byung Woo Yoon, Yong Geon Song, Seung Hyeun Lee
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus is a common pathogen of acute upper respiratory infection in children and is generally self-limiting. Severe adenovirus infections have been reported in immunocompromised hosts especially bone marrow transplantation recipients due to hematologic malignancy. Severe adenovirus pneumonia in immunocompetent hosts has rarely been reported and optimal treatment has not been established. We report a case of community-acquired severe adenovirus pneumonia which was successfully treated with early administration of oral ribavirin...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097845/-fatal-case-of-rickettsiosis-in-a-toddler-from-southeastern-mexico
#3
César Lugo-Caballero, Karla Dzul-Rosado, Georgina Rodríguez-Moreno, Raúl Tello-Martín, Karina López-Ávila, Jorge Zavala-Castro
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, a bacteria transmitted by infected ticks. It is characterized by fever, exanthema, arthralgias and myalgias; but sometimes its clinical presentation is non specific. Due to its similarities with other exanthematic diseases like dengue or chikungunya, Rocky Mountain spotted fever is not a first line diagnosis, even though countries like Mexico show the ecologic and socioeconomic characteristics that favor its transmission, with a 30% mortality rate among pediatric patients...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093797/adverse-reactions-to-dietary-supplements-containing-red-yeast-rice-assessment-of-cases-from-the-italian-surveillance-system
#4
Gabriela Mazzanti, Paola Angela Moro, Emanuel Raschi, Roberto Da Cas, Francesca Menniti-Ippolito
AIMS: Red yeast rice (RYR) is contained in dietary supplements for patients with dyslipidemia. RYR supplements contain monacolin K, which is chemically identical to lovastatin, a licensed drug with a well-known risk profile. We aim to describe the safety profile of RYR by analysing spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs). METHODS: Within the Italian Surveillance System of Natural Health Products, suspected ARs were collected and evaluated by a multidisciplinary group of experts to assess causality using the WHO-UMC system or the CIOMS/RUCAM score, for hepatic reactions...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086881/dengue-fever-in-renal-transplant-patients-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
Ranga Migara Weerakkody, Jean Ansbel Patrick, Mohammed Hussain Rezvi Sheriff
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever in renal transplanted patients has not been studied well, and we review all the literature about episodes dengue fever in renal transplant patients. METHODS: The aim was to describe clinico-pathological characteristics, immunosuppressive protocols, need renal outcome and mortality. PubMed, LILACS, Google Scholar and Research Gate were searched for "Dengue" and "Renal/Kidney Transplantation" with no date limits. Hits were analyzed by two researchers separately...
January 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079057/functional-mri-of-the-reserpine-induced-putative-rat-model-of-fibromyalgia-reveals-discriminatory-patterns-of-functional-augmentation-to-acute-nociceptive-stimuli
#6
Jack A Wells, Sayaka Shibata, Akihiko Fujikawa, Masayasu Takahashi, Tsuneo Saga, Ichio Aoki
Functional neuroimaging, applied to pre-clinical models of chronic pain, offers unique advantages in the drive to discover new treatments for this prevalent and oppressive condition. The high spatial and temporal resolution of fMRI affords detailed mapping of regional pharmacodynamics that underlie mechanisms of pain suppression by new analgesics. Despite evidence supporting the translational relevance of this approach, relatively few studies have investigated fMRI abnormalities in rodent models of chronic pain...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076256/statin-therapy-as-primary-prevention-in-exercising-adults-best-evidence-for-avoiding-myalgia
#7
N John Bosomworth
INTRODUCTION: This review aims to determine whether active adults who begin statins and develop myalgia reduce or stop activity to become less symptomatic. If this occurs, strategies to mitigate symptoms are explored. Should these strategies fail, the question of whether exercise is an adequate alternative to statin therapy is addressed. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Database were searched with keywords designed to retrieve information on statin myopathy in exercising adults...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074748/possible-parkinson-s-disease-induced-by-chronic-manganese-supplement-ingestion
#8
Michael J Schuh
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to report a case of possible neurotoxicity resulting from an incorrect dietary supplement for osteoporosis taken at a toxic dose. SUMMARY: The case study examined here is a 37-year-old African-American female who consumed excessive manganese over a period of years, resulting in Parkinson's disease (PD). This patient was referred to the pharmacist pharmacotherapy service by a neurology physician. PD has been shown in the medical literature to be caused by chronic exposure to high levels of manganese...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072812/is-kratom-the-new-legal-high-on-the-block-the-case-of-an-emerging-opioid-receptor-agonist-with-substance-abuse-potential
#9
George C Chang-Chien, Charles A Odonkor, Prin Amorapanth
Kratom is an unscheduled opioid receptor agonist that comes in the form of dietary supplements currently being abused by chronic pain patients on prescription opioids. Active alkaloids isolated from kratom such as mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine are thought to act on mu- and delta-opioid receptors as well as alpha-2 adrenergic and 5-HT2A receptors. Animal studies suggest that kratom may be more potent than morphine. Consequently, kratom consumption produces analgesic and euphoric feelings among users. In particular, some chronic pain patients on opioids take kratom to counteract the effects of opioid withdrawal...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068790/temporomandibular-disorders-old-ideas-and-new-concepts
#10
Thomas List, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Background Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is an umbrella term for pain and dysfunction involving the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). TMD is the most common orofacial pain condition. Its prominent features include regional pain in the face and preauricular area, limitations in jaw movement, and noise from the TMJs during jaw movements. TMD affects up to 15% of adults and 7% of adolescents. Chronic pain is the overwhelming reason that patients with TMD seek treatment. TMD can associate with impaired general health, depression, and other psychological disabilities, and may affect the quality of life of the patient...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068212/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-an-adjuvanted-herpes-zoster-subunit-candidate-vaccine-in-adults-%C3%A2-50%C3%A2-years-of-age-with-a-prior-history-of-herpes-zoster-a-phase-iii-non-randomized-open-label-clinical-trial
#11
Olivier Godeaux, Martina Kovac, Daniel Shu, Katrijn Grupping, Laura Campora, Martine Douha, Thomas C Heineman, Himal Lal
This phase III, non-randomized, open-label, multi-center study (NCT01827839) evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of an adjuvanted recombinant subunit herpes zoster (HZ) vaccine (HZ/su) in adults aged ≥50 years with prior physician-documented history of HZ. Participants (stratified by age: 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years) received 2 doses of HZ/su 2 months apart and were followed-up for another 12 months. Anti-glycoprotein E (gE) antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before vaccination and 1 month after the second dose (Month 3)...
January 9, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062146/intensive-statin-regimens-for-reducing-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-population-a-nation-wide-longitudinal-cohort-study-2000-2011
#12
Huang-Tz Ou, Kai-Cheng Chang, Chung-Yi Li, Chen-Yi Yang, Nai-Ying Ko
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in a statin-treated HIV-infected population and the effects of intensive statin regimens (i.e., high-dose or potency) on CVD risks. METHODS: 945 HIV-infected patients newly on statin treatment (144, 15.7% with CVD history) were identified from Taiwan's national HIV cohort. Using the median of the first year cumulative statin dosage as a cut-off point, patients were classified into either a high-dose or low-dose group...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062066/28-year-old-woman-with-malaise-cough-myalgia-and-dark-urine
#13
Mark Gurney, Thomas G Cotter, Christopher M Wittich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060136/purtscher-like-retinopathy-associated-with-adult-onset-still-disease
#14
Ralph Yachoui
PURPOSE: To describe clinical, laboratory, and funduscopic data of a patient presenting with newly diagnosed adult-onset Still disease and Purtscher-like retinopathy. METHODS: Observational case report. PATIENT: A 43-year-old man presented with a 3-week history of daily high-spiking fever, diffuse arthralgia and myalgia, sore throat, and a transient nonpruritic maculopapular rash. Two weeks from the onset of his illness, he developed a gradual decrease in visual acuity in both eyes...
January 2, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060020/significant-association-between-statin-associated-myalgia-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-among-treated-hiv-infected-patients
#15
Leonardo Calza, Eleonora Magistrelli, Vincenzo Colangeli, Marco Borderi, Ilaria Contadini, Isabella Bon, Maria Carla Re, Pierluigi Viale
BACKGROUND.: Several studies have shown a significant association between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of statin-related symptomatic myalgia in the general population, but there are no data among HIV-infected persons. METHODS.: A retrospective, cohort study was conducted to assess the incidence of symptomatic myalgia and elevation in serum creatine kinase (CK) level among HIV-positive adults on cART and treated with atorvastatin or rosuvastatin for at least 12 months between 2011 and 2015 in our Outpatient Unit...
January 4, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054946/muscle-carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-ii-deficiency-a-review-of-enzymatic-controversy-and-clinical-features
#16
REVIEW
Diana Lehmann, Leila Motlagh, Dina Robaa, Stephan Zierz
CPT (carnitine palmitoyltransferase) II muscle deficiency is the most common form of muscle fatty acid metabolism disorders. In contrast to carnitine deficiency, it is clinically characterized by attacks of myalgia and rhabdomyolysis without persistent muscle weakness and lipid accumulation in muscle fibers. The biochemical consequences of the disease-causing mutations are still discussed controversially. CPT activity in muscles of patients with CPT II deficiency ranged from not detectable to reduced to normal...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049548/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-neuropsychiatric-toxicity-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#17
Vasthie Prudent, William S Breitbart
Chimeric antigen receptor T cells are used in the treatment of B-cell leukemias. Common chimeric antigen receptor T-cell toxicities can range from mild flu-like symptoms, such as fever and myalgia, to a more striking neuropsychiatric toxicity that can present as discrete neurological symptoms and delirium. We report here two cases of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell neuropsychiatric toxicity, one who presented as a mild delirium and aphasia that resolved without intervention, and one who presented with delirium, seizures, and respiratory insufficiency requiring intensive treatment...
January 4, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049240/characteristics-of-adenovirus-pneumonia-in-korean-military-personnel-2012-2016
#18
Hee Yoon, Byung Woo Jhun, Hojoong Kim, Hongseok Yoo, Sung Bum Park
Adenovirus (AdV) can cause severe pneumonia in non-immunocompromised host, but limited data exist on the distinctive characteristics of AdV pneumonia in non-immunocompromised patients. We evaluated distinctive clinico-laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes of AdV pneumonia (n = 179), compared with non-AdV pneumonia (n = 188) in Korean military personnel between 2012 and 2016. AdV pneumonia patients had a higher rate of consolidation with ground-glass opacity (101/152) in lobar distribution (89/152) on computed tomography (CT) (P < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035650/the-emerging-zika-virus-threat-a-guide-for-dermatologists
#19
REVIEW
Alice He, Patrícia Brasil, Andre M Siqueira, Guilherme A Calvet, Shawn G Kwatra
We provide a guide for dermatologists to follow if they encounter patients with a rash and clinical history suspicious of Zika virus infection, including diagnostic testing and management options. We also provide an illustrative case report of a patient from Brazil who was diagnosed with Zika virus infection after presenting with a generalized pruritic rash. One of the most prominent symptoms of Zika virus infection is a cutaneous eruption. As such, it is especially necessary for dermatologists to understand this virus so that they may appropriately recognize this entity as a diagnostic consideration in the clinic...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032696/high-incidence-of-respiratory-involvement-in-a-cluster-of-brucella-suis-infected-workers-from-a-pork-processing-plant-in-argentina
#20
J C Wallach, J L García, P S Cardinali, A P Seijo, A G Benchetrit, S E Echazarreta, S L Garro, B Deodato, P C Baldi
Epidemiological and clinical aspects of Brucella suis infection in 17 workers from a pork processing plant in Argentina occurring between January 2014 and July 2015 are presented. All patients reported working 9 h daily without adequate personal protection garment. Blood cultures were positive for Brucella spp. in 14 of the 17 patients (82.3%). All isolates were identified as B. suis biovar 1. Although fever, sweats, asthenia, myalgia and hepatic involvement were the most frequent clinical manifestations, an unusually high incidence of respiratory involvement was found...
December 29, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
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