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Oral surgery, maxillofacial surgery, dental surgery, dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#1
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978808/molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-biomaterials-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-internationalization-of-higher-education-and-research-perspective
#2
Lidia M Wisniewska, David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Jesús Domingo Segovia, Francesco Inchingolo, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernándes-Cruz
In dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery, the development of implantable biomaterials and the understanding of their molecular, cellular and pharmaceutical aspects are currently major fields of research and education, with a considerable impact on the daily clinical practice and the evolution of therapeutic strategies. In the era of globalized economy of knowledge and science, this scientific domain needs the development of global cooperation and a paradigm evolution in the organizational culture of the dental sciences and related dental industry...
December 13, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975042/predictive-values-derived-from-lower-wisdom-teeth-developmental-stages-on-orthopantomograms-to-calculate-the-chronological-age-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-as-a-prerequisite-to-obtain-age-adjusted-informed-patient-consent-prior-to-elective-surgical-procedures
#3
Reinhard E Friedrich, Kirsten Schmidt, András Treszl, Jan F Kersten
Introduction: Surgical procedures require informed patient consent, which is mandatory prior to any procedure. These requirements apply in particular to elective surgical procedures. The communication with the patient about the procedure has to be comprehensive and based on mutual understanding. Furthermore, the informed consent has to take into account whether a patient is of legal age. As a result of large-scale migration, there are eventually patients planned for medical procedures, whose chronological age can't be assessed reliably by physical inspection alone...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#4
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842482/antibiotic-release-from-calcium-phosphate-materials-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects
#5
Angel Manchon, Juan Carlos Prados-Frutos, Carmen Rueda Rodriguez, Carmen Salinas Goodier, Mohammad Hadman Alkhraisat, Rosa Rojo, Arantza Rodriguez Gonzalez, Ana Berlanga, Enrique Lopez Cabarcos
Calcium phosphate materials (CPM) are widely used in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. The presence of microbial biofilms and external infections are responsible for the failure of many procedures of dental implants and bone grafts. In an attempt to reduce the percentage of these infectious processes antibiotics have been associated with CPM improving certain conditions. For instance antibiotics administered orally or intravenously have less effect and the blood flow in relation to this is poor near implants and grafts...
November 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694293/u-s-dental-specialty-residents-expectations-and-anticipated-benefits-of-academic-employment
#6
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513396/the-effects-of-conscious-sedation-with-nitrous-oxide-oxygen-on-cognitive-functions
#7
Sara Samur Ergüven, Ertan Ali Delilbaşi, Berrin İşik, Ferhunde Öktem
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of conscious sedation with 40% nitrous oxide/oxygen (N2O/O2) on cognitive functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty dental patients referred to the sedation unit at Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery received a combination of 40% N2O/O2 inhalation for conscious sedation. Psychometric tests were applied three times: before sedation, during sedation, and at the end of the recovery, for assessing cognitive functions...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444598/review-of-never-and-serious-events-related-to-dentistry-2005-2014
#8
T Renton, W Sabbah
Aims To review never and serious events related to dentistry between 2005-2014 in England.Methods Data from the National Reporting and Learning System (NRLS), with agreed data protection and intelligence governance, was used - snapshot view using the timeframe January 2005 to May 2014. The Strategic Executive Information System (STEIS) database was reported separately for 2012-2013 and 2013-2014. The free text elements from the database were analysed thematically and reclassified according to the nature of the patient safety incident (PSI)...
July 22, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277190/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-differentiation-of-progenitor-stem-cells-obtained-after-mechanical-digestion-of-human-dental-pulp
#9
Manuela Monti, Antonio Graziano, Silvana Rizzo, Cesare Perotti, Claudia Del Fante, Riccardo d'Aquino, CarloAlberto Redi, Ruggero Rodriguez Y Baena
Human population is facing a revolutionary change in the demographic structure with an increasing number of elderly people requiring an unmet need to ensure a smooth aging process and dental care is certainly an important aspect that has to be considered. To date, dentistry has been conservative and the need of transferring the scientific models of regenerative dentistry into clinical practice is becoming a necessity. The aim of this study was to characterize the differentiation commitment (in vitro) and the clinical grafting ability (in vivo) of a population of progenitor stem cells obtained after mechanical digestion of dental pulp with an innovative system recently developed...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236776/scientific-evidence-on-the-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes-Ferreira, Roberta Okamoto, Sabrina Ferreira, Danila De Oliveira, Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Leonardo Perez Faverani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the main indications for the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) for bone repair and maintenance in the maxilla and mandible through a review of clinical trials evaluating the viability of using rhBMP-2 to delay the installation of dental implants, thus allowing satisfactory bone formation and long-term osseointegration. METHODS: Literature search of the PubMed/Medline databases was performed using the following MeSH index terms-"bone morphogenetic protein 2" and "dentistry"...
September 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068159/are-dental-researchers-asking-patient-important-questions-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Padhraig S Fleming, Despina Koletsi, Kevin O'Brien, Aliki Tsichlaki, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing recognition that research outcomes should resonate with patients rather than fixating on technical aspects of interventions. We aimed to assess the nature of outcomes within a representative subset of clinical trials published in leading dental journals. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published over a 3-year period up to December 31st, 2015 were identified in eight leading general and specialty dental journals: Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Dentistry, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pediatric Dentistry, International Journal of Prosthodontics, Journal of Endodontics, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Journal of Clinical Periodontology...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941893/italian-recommendations-on-dental-support-in-the-treatment-of-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas
#12
REVIEW
Luca Levrini, Franco Sacchi, Francesca Milano, Antonella Polimeni, Paolo Cozza, Edoardo Bernkopf, Marzia Segù, Marco Zucconi, Claudio Vicini, Enrico Brunello
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present article is to present a set of proposed clinical recommendations aimed at Italian dentists involved in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or snoring. METHODS: With the purpose of creating a study group, some of the most important Italian scientific societies operating in fields relevant to the issue of sleep medicine in dentistry were asked to appoint a representative. Each member of the study group was required to answer questions regarding the clinical management of OSAS and snoring...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861583/dental-student-hand-hygiene-decreased-with-increased-clinical-experience
#13
Nanmanas Yaembut, Ruchanee S Ampornaramveth, Pagaporn P Pisarnturakit, Keskanya Subbalekha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness, related knowledge, attitudes, and practices of hand hygiene (HH) among dental students with different levels of clinical experience. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analytical study. Bacterial samples on the participants' hands were obtained using a swab technique before and after handwashing, for oral surgical procedures. After culturing, the colony-forming units were counted. Self-reported questionnaires reflecting the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HH were completed by the participants...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858474/the-dental-specialties-related-articles-published-in-medical-journal-armed-forces-india-from-2000-to-2014-over-a-15-year-period
#14
Thorakkal Shamim
There is a paucity of information about the dental specialties related articles published in the Medical Journal Armed Forces India (MJAFI). This study aimed to audit the dental specialities related articles published in MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 over a 15-year period. Bibliometric analysis of sixty issues of MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 were performed using web-based search. The articles published were analyzed for type of article and topic of individual dental specialities. The articles published were also evaluated to identify whether the study was an Armed Forces Medical Research Committee Project or funded research project or not...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744206/oral-cancer-care-and-oromaxillofacial-surgery
#15
S K Yadav
Oral cancers are one of the most common cancers affecting people of Nepal and it the sixth most common cancer in the world. Unlike other cancers the early detection of the disease is possible through a routine examination of the oral cavity which is usually done by a dental practitioner. Through a series of phases like prevention, screening, early intervention, diagnosis and staging, management with tumor ablative surgeries, and rehabilitation to restore the function and esthetic part for better clinical outcome, the role of the specialty of dentistry is immensified...
May 2015: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26604469/comparison-between-physics-and-conventional-forceps-in-simple-dental-extraction
#16
Mohamed H El-Kenawy, Wael Mohamed Said Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic dental extraction preserves bone, gingival architecture, and allows for the option of future or immediate dental implant placement. A number of tools and techniques have been proposed for minimally invasive tooth removal such as physics forceps. The biomechanical design of physics forceps decreases the incidence of root fracture, and maintains the buccal bone plate, which is essential for the proper healing of an immediately placed dental implant. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of physics forceps versus conventional forceps in simple dental extraction...
December 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26492797/priority-oral-health-research-identification-for-clinical-decision-making
#17
Helen Worthington, Jan Clarkson, Jo Weldon
The Cochrane Library is a core resource for clinical decision-making globally, by clinicians, guideline developers, healthcare providers and patients.The publication of Cochrane Library systematic reviews concerning oral health conditions has grown exponentially to over 215 individual titles (as of 20 June 2015) during the past 20 years.Consequently, maintaining updates of the most clinically important reviews to provide up-to-date and accurate sources of evidence for decision-making has become a pressing concern for the editorial group behind their production, Cochrane Oral Health Group...
September 2015: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26442715/dental-students-perceptions-of-undergraduate-clinical-training-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-an-integrated-curriculum-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Mahmoud Al-Dajani
PURPOSE: The aim was to understand dental students' experiences with oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) teaching, their confidence levels in performing routine dento-alveolar operations, and the relationship between the students' confidence level and the number of teeth extracted during the clinical practice. METHODS: The survey questionnaire was distributed to 32 students at Aljouf University College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia during their fourth and fifth year in 2015...
2015: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26359636/the-australian-litigation-landscape-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-and-general-dentistry-oral-surgery-procedures-an-analysis-of-litigation-cases
#19
E K Badenoch-Jones, B P White, A J Lynham
BACKGROUND: There are persistent concerns about litigation in the dental and medical professions. These concerns arise in a setting where general dentists are more frequently undertaking a wider range of oral surgery procedures, potentially increasing legal risk. METHODS: Judicial cases dealing with medical negligence in the fields of general dentistry (oral surgery procedure) and oral and maxillofacial surgery were located using the three main legal databases. Relevant cases were analysed to determine the procedures involved, the patients' claims of injury, findings of negligence and damages awarded...
September 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26281856/axenfeld-rieger-syndrome-a-case-report
#20
A Craig Dunbar, Grant T McIntyre, Sean Laverick, Brian Stevenson
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition manifesting as a heterogeneous group of features. Of particular note are the ocular and craniofacial anomalies and dental features such as hypodontia, microdontia, taurodontism, enamel hypoplasia, conical-shaped teeth, shortened roots and delayed eruption. To treat cases with ARS effectively, a multidisciplinary approach is required, and this report describes the complex and long-term management of a case with input from Paediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, Restorative Dentistry, Speech and Language Therapy, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology...
2015: Journal of Orthodontics
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