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silver nanoparticle

Navaporn Sritong, Siwat Chumsook, Sineenat Siri
Due to size- and shape-dependent properties, a shape-controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is one of the research challenging topics for their production and potential applications. This work reported the simple eco-friendly syntheses of different shaped AgNPs controlled by the plasmid DNA content and light emitting diodes (LEDs) irradiation. The synthesized AgNPs appeared as yellow, orange and green colloidal AgNPs, which transmission electron microscope (TEM) images revealed their different shapes; spherical AgNPs, a mixture of spherical and hexagonal AgNPs, and a mixture of spherical, hexagonal and corner-truncated triangle AgNPs, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jun Lin, Yiming Liu, Hao Wu, Zhihai Huang, Jingfan Ma, Chang Guo, Feng Gao, Peipei Jin, Pengfei Wei, Yunjiao Zhang, Liu Liu, Rui Zhang, Longxin Qiu, Ning Gu, Longping Wen
Transcription factor EB (TFEB) is a master regulator of autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis. Here, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs)-induced cytoprotective autophagy required TFEB is shown. Ag NPs-induced nucleus translocation of TFEB through a well-established mechanism involving dephosphorylation of TFEB at serine-142 and serine-211 but independent of both the mTORC1 and ERK1/2 pathways. TFEB nucleus translocation precedes autophagy induced by Ag NPs and leads to enhanced expression of autophagy-essential genes...
February 19, 2018: Small
Zhi Zhang, Wenfei Shen, Jing Xue, Yuanmeng Liu, Yanwei Liu, Peipei Yan, Jixian Liu, Jianguo Tang
As the advanced functional materials, silver nanoparticles are potentially useful in various fields such as photoelectric, bio-sensing, catalysis, antibacterial and other fields, which are mainly based on their various properties. However, the properties of silver nanoparticles are usually determined by their size, shape, and surrounding medium, which can be modulated by various synthesis methods. In this review, the fabrication methods for synthesizing silver nanoparticles of different shapes and specific size are illustrated in detail...
February 18, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Rajni Bala, Sherry Mittal, Rohit K Sharma, Nishima Wangoo
In the present study, we report a highly sensitive, rapid and low cost colorimetric monitoring of malathion (an organophosphate insecticide) employing a basic hexapeptide, malathion specific aptamer (oligonucleotide) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as a nanoprobe. AgNPs are made to interact with the aptamer and peptide to give different optical responses depending upon the presence or absence of malathion. The nanoparticles remain yellow in color in the absence of malathion owing to the binding of aptamer with peptide which otherwise tends to aggregate the particles because of charge based interactions...
February 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Lin Zhang, Lingyan Zhou, Qing X Li, Hong Liang, Huaming Qin, Stephen Masutani, Brandon Yoza
Moniliella wahieum Y12 T , isolated from biodiesel was used as a model organism to assess the use of lanthanum oxide (La 2 O 3 ) (60-80 nm) and silver oxide (AgO) (10-40 nm) nanoparticles as potential fungal inhibitors. This is the first study to investigate the use of nanoscale La 2 O 3 as a eukaryotic bio-inhibitor. The AgO nanoparticles were relatively effective at inhibiting the growth of M. wahieum Y12 T . The half maximal effective concentration (EC 50 ) for AgO was 0.012 mg/mL as compared with 4.63 mg/mL of La 2 O 3 ...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
Adriano Magesky, Émilien Pelletier
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) incorporation in commercial products is increasing due to their remarkable physical and chemical properties and their low cost on the market. Silver has been known for a long time to be highly toxic to bacterial communities, aquatic organisms, and particularly to marine biota. Strong chloro-complexes dominate Ag speciation in seawater and facilitate its persistence in dissolved form. It has a great impact on marine organisms because low concentration of silver can lead to strong bioaccumulation, partly because the neutral silver chloro complex (AgCl 0 ) is highly bioavailable...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lilian Rodrigues Rosa Souza, Veronica Santana da Silva, Leonardo Pereira Franchi, Tiago Alves Jorge de Souza
Nanotechnology has allowed great changes in chemical, biological and physical properties of metals when compared to their bulk counterparts. Within this context, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) play a major role due to their unique properties, being widely used in daily products such as fabrics, washing machines, water filters, food and medicine. However, AgNPs can enter cells inducing a "Trojan-horse" type mechanism which potentially leads to cellular autophagy, apoptosis or necrosis. On the other hand, this cytotoxicity mechanism can be optimized to develop drug nanocarriers and anticancer therapies...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lidia Strużyńska, Joanna Skalska
The potent antimicrobial properties of nanoparticulate silver (AgNPs) have led to broad interest in using them in a wide range of commercial and medical applications. Although numerous in vivo and in vitro studies have provided evidence of toxic effects, rapid commercialization of AgNP-based nanomaterials has advanced without characterization of their potential environmental and health hazards. There is evidence that AgNPs can be translocated from the blood to the brain, regardless the route of exposure, and accumulate in the brain over time...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Sahadevan Neethu, Sebastian Jose Midhun, M A Sunil, Soman Soumya, E K Radhakrishnan, Mathew Jyothis
The green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using biological systems such as fungi has evolved to become an important area of nanobiotechnology. Herein, we report for the first time the light-induced extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles using algicolous endophytic fungus Penicillium polonicum ARA 10, isolated from the marine green alga Chetomorpha antennina. Parametric optimization, including the concentration of AgNO 3 , fungal biomass, ratio of cell filtrate and AgNO 3 , pH, reaction time and presence of light, was done for rapid AgNPs production...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi, Azamal Husen, Rifaqat A K Rao
Use of silver and silver salts is as old as human civilization but the fabrication of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) has only recently been recognized. They have been specifically used in agriculture and medicine as antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidants. It has been demonstrated that Ag NPs arrest the growth and multiplication of many bacteria such as Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter koseri, Salmonella typhii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and fungus Candida albicans by binding Ag/Ag + with the biomolecules present in the microbial cells...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Jie Yang, Fuping Jiang, Chuanxin Ma, Yu-Kui Rui, Mengmeng Rui, Adeel Muhammad, Weidong Cao, Baoshan Xing
Due to the rapid development of nanotechnology, metal-based nanoparticles (NPs) are inadvertently released into environment and may pose a potential threat to ecosystem. However, information for food quality and safety in NP treated crops is limited. In the present study, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was grown in different concentrations of Ag NP amended soil (20, 200, and 2000 mg•kg-1) for four months. At harvest, physiological parameters, Ag and micronutrients (Fe, Cu, and Zn) content, as well as amino acid and protein contents were measured...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Minsu Kim, Kangwon Lee, Ji Eon Kwon, Won Gun Koh
In this study, we developed an enzyme-based miniaturized fluorescence biosensor to detect paraoxon, one of the most well-known neurotoxic organophosphorus compounds (OPs). The biosensor was fabricated with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel microarrays that entrapped acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and quantum dots (QDs) as fluorescence reporters. Metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) was utilized to amplify the fluorescence signal, which was achieved by decorating QDs on the surface of silica-coated silver nanoparticles (Ag@Silica)...
February 16, 2018: Biofabrication
Kamonwad Ngamchuea, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Richard G Compton
The physicochemical properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in human whole saliva are investigated herein. In authentic saliva samples, AgNPs exhibit a great stability with over 70% of the nanomaterial remaining intact after a 24-h incubation in the presence of ∼0.3 mM dissolved oxygen. The small loss of AgNPs from the saliva sample has been demonstrated to be a result of two processes: agglomeration/aggregation (not involving oxygen) and oxidative dissolution of AgNPs (assisted by oxygen). In authentic saliva, AgNPs are also shown to be more inert both chemically (silver oxidative dissolution) and electrochemically (electron transfer at an electrode) than in synthetic saliva or aqueous electrolytes...
February 16, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Ako Rezaei, Amjad Farzinpour, Asaad Vaziry, Ali Jalili
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have recently emerged as a powerful agents for disinfection in the poultry industry. AgNPs are capable of epithelial barriers passing from the route of exposure to the vital organs and cells. This study evaluated the effects of AgNPs on organs weights, blood biochemical, hematological, and coagulation parameters, antioxidant enzyme activities, and histopathological changes and silver concentrations of liver and kidney tissues in laying Japanese quails after exposure to the nanoparticles...
February 15, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Ji Hyun Lee, Jae Hyuck Sung, Hyun Ryol Ryu, Kyung Seuk Song, Nam Woong Song, Hyun Min Park, Beom Soo Shin, Kangho Ahn, Mary Gulumian, Elaine M Faustman, Il Je Yu
Gold (AuNPs, 12.8 nm) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs, 10 nm), mixed or separate, were injected into the caudal vein of male Sprague-Dawley rats for 4 weeks. The rats were allowed to recover for further 4 weeks to examine the differences in AuNP/AgNP tissue distribution and clearance. The size distribution of injected AuNPs and AgNPs were not statistically different. The dose groups (five males per group for the administration and three males for the recovery) consisted of seven divisions, i.e., control, AgNPs (with a low dose of 10 µg/kg/day, and, a high dose of 100 µg/kg/day), AuNPs (with a low dose of 10 µg/kg/day, and, a high dose of 100 µg/kg/day), as well as mixed AgNPs/AuNPs (with a low dose of 10/10 µg/kg/day, and a high dose of 100/100 µg/kg/day)...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Joanna Makselon, Nina Siebers, Florian Meier, Harry Vereecken, Erwin Klumpp
Undisturbed outdoor lysimeters containing arable loamy sand soil were used to examine the influence of either heavy rain events (high frequency of high rain intensity), steady rain (continuous rainfall of low rain intensity), and natural rainfall on the transport and retention of surfactant-stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNP). In addition, the AgNP-soil associations within the A p horizon were analyzed by means of particle-size fractionation, asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled with UV/Vis-detection and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (AF4-UV/Vis-ICP-MS), and transmission electron microscopy coupled to an energy-dispersive X-ray (TEM-EDX) analyzer...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Soo Kyung Lee, Hee-Jin Lim, Chee Leong Tan, Yong Tak Lee
We present a light trapping structure consisting of gold and silver (AuAg) bimetallic non-alloyed nanoparticles (BNNPs) on a silicon dioxide (SiO2) spacer layer over crystalline silicon (c-Si) film, designed to improve the absorption of thin-film c-Si solar cells. Prior to fabrication of the AuAg BNNPs on the SiO2 spacer layer, numerical investigations were carried out using electromagnetic field simulation following the finite-difference time-domain method. The hemispherical Au8Ag8 BNNPs were fabricated and deposited on a 15 nm-thick SiO2 spacer layer, which enhanced light trapping in the c-Si film over a broad wavelength range (450-1100 nm)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Chang Su, Ningning Zhou, Pengju Guo, Lihuan Xu
In the present work, the nanocomposite of the silver nanoparticles decorated partially unzipped carbon nanotubes (PUCNTs) (PUCNTs/Ag) was fabricated by in situ method, and its application as a sensitive non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensor was then explored correspondingly. The measurements of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and ultraviolet visible (UV-vis) absorption spectrum proved that the PUCNTs/Ag composite has been successfully prepared and the Ag nanoparticles dispersed on the surface of the PUCNTs and entered the inner of unzipped MWCNTs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jiali Li, Luting Yan
Polydopamine (PDA) film coatings are multifunctional substances because these coatings can adhere to nearly all known solid materials. The self-polymerization of dopamine in aqueous solution was investigated in this study; PDA films are an effective platform for further functionalization similar to the reduction of silver ions into silver nanoparticles (NPs). The films provide a new method to attach metal NPs on substrates. Through this simple method, glucose sensors based on this kind of Ag NPs/ITO exhibited a detection limit of about 10 μM and presented a good sensitivity enough for real use (3-8 mM)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Marcello Casa, Maria Sarno, Rosalba Liguori, Claudia Cirillo, Alfredo Rubino, Emanuele Bezzeccheri, Johan Liu, Paolo Ciambelli
Decoration with silver nanoparticles was obtained by coating graphene with a polydopamine layer, able to induce spontaneous metallic nanoparticles formation without any specific chemical interfacial modifier, neither using complex instrumentation. The choice of dopamine was inspired by the composition of adhesive proteins in mussels, related to their robust attach to solid surfaces. The synthesis procedure started from graphite and involved eco-friendly compounds, such as Vitamin C and glucose as reducing agent and water as reaction medium...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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