keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AgNP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318795/mechanisms-of-toxic-action-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-the-protozoan-tetrahymena-thermophila-from-gene-expression-to-phenotypic-events
#1
Katre Juganson, Monika Mortimer, Angela Ivask, Sandra Pucciarelli, Cristina Miceli, Kaja Orupõld, Anne Kahru
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are highly toxic to aquatic organisms, however, there is no consensus whether the toxicity is caused solely by released Ag-ions or also by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, the effects of protein-coated AgNPs (14.6 nm, Collargol) were studied on viability, oxidative stress and gene expression levels in wild type strains (CU427 and CU428) of ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila. Viability-based 24 h EC50 values of AgNPs were relatively high and significantly different for the two strains: ∼100 mg/L and ∼75 mg/L for CU427 and CU428, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318347/teratogenic-hazard-of-bpei-coated-silver-nanoparticles-to-xenopus-laevis
#2
Anita Colombo, Melissa Saibene, Elisa Moschini, Patrizia Bonfanti, Maddalena Collini, Kaja Kasemets, Paride Mantecca
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are among the most exploited antimicrobial agents and are used in many consumer products. Size and surface reactivity are critical physico-chemical properties responsible for NPs toxicity, and surface coatings, often used to functionalize or stabilize AgNPs, can influence their toxic profile and biocompatibility. In the current study the developmental toxicity of 1) negatively charged citrate-coated AgNPs (Cit-AgNPs), 2) positively charged branched polyethylenimine-coated AgNPs (BPEI-AgNPs), and 3) Ag(+) (from 0...
March 20, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315584/high-density-polystyrene-grafted-silver-nanoparticles-and-their-use-in-the-preparation-of-nanocomposites-with-antibacterial-properties
#3
Piotr Krystosiak, Waldemar Tomaszewski, Elżbieta Megiel
The achievement of uniform nanoparticles distribution in polymer matrix is still a major challenge in the design and fabrication of polymer nanocomposites with desired properties. In this paper we propose a novel approach for the preparation of homogeneous polystyrene/silver nanocomposites utilizing Nitroxide Mediated Radical Polymerization (NMRP). In the first step of the developed procedure, the polystyrene grafted silver nanoparticles (Ag@PS) with well-defined core-shell structure and exceptionally high grafting density (from 2 chains/nm(2) to 5...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315385/a-study-on-the-in-vitro-percutaneous-absorption-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-combination-with-aluminium-chloride-methyl-paraben-or-di-n-butyl-phthalate
#4
Katarzyna Domeradzka-Gajda, Marek Nocuń, Joanna Roszak, Beata Janasik, C Derrick Quarles, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jarosław Grobelny, Emilia Tomaszewska, Grzegorz Celichowski, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda, Małgorzata Cieślak, Dorota Puchowicz, Jhanis J Gonzalez, Richard E Russo, Maciej Stępnik
Some reports indicate that the silver released from dermally applied products containing silver nanoparticles (AgNP) (e.g. wound dressings or cosmetics) can penetrate the skin, particularly if damaged. AgNP were also shown to have cytotoxic and genotoxic activity. In the present study percutaneous absorption of AgNP of two different nominal sizes (Ag15nm or Ag45nm by STEM) and surface modification, i.e. citrate or PEG stabilized nanoparticles, in combination with cosmetic ingredients, i.e. aluminium chloride (AlCl3), methyl paraben (MPB), or di-n-butyl phthalate (DBPH) was assessed using in vitro model based on dermatomed pig skin...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314368/metallic-nanoparticles-reduce-the-migration-of-human-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#5
Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Marvin Paulo Lins, Iana Mayane Mendes Nicácio Viana, Jeniffer Estevão Dos Santos, Salete Smaniotto, Maria Danielma Dos Santos Reis
Nanoparticles have extremely wide applications in the medical and biological fields. They are being used in biosensors, local drug delivery, diagnostics, and medical therapy. However, the potential effects of nanoparticles on target cell and tissue function, apart from cytotoxicity, are not completely understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on human fibroblasts with respect to their interaction with the extracellular matrix and in cell migration...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314149/cytokinin-response-in-pepper-plants-capsicum-annuum-l-exposed-to-silver-nanoparticles
#6
Tomislav Vinković, Ondrej Novák, Miroslav Strnad, Walter Goessler, Darija Domazet Jurašin, Nada Parađiković, Ivana Vinković Vrček
The increasing development of different nanomaterials, such as silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), and their practical use in agriculture and biotechnology has created a strong need for elucidations of biological effects and risk assessments of AgNPs in plants. This study was aimed to investigate AgNPs effects on metal uptake and their biodistribution in pepper plants as well as on morphological parameters and hormonal responses of the isoprenoid cytokinin (CK) family. In addition, the comparison of effects silver form, nanoparticles vs...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304113/partitioning-of-nanoparticle-originated-dissolved-silver-in-natural-and-artificial-sediments
#7
Juho E Rajala, Eeva-Riikka Vehniäinen, Ari Väisänen, Jussi V K Kukkonen
Sediments are believed to be a major sink for the silver nanoparticles (AgNP) in the aquatic environment, but there is a lack of knowledge about the environmental effects and behaviour of AgNP in sediments. The release of highly toxic Ag(+) through dissolution of AgNP is one mechanism leading to toxic effects in sediments. We applied an ultrasound-assisted sequential extraction method to evaluate the dissolution of AgNP and to study the partitioning of dissolved Ag in sediments. Ag was spiked into artificial (AS) and 2 natural sediments (HS, KS) as silver nitrate (AgNO3 ), uncoated AgNP (uc-AgNP), or polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated AgNP (PVP-AgNP)...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303540/exploiting-fruit-byproducts-for-eco-friendly-nanosynthesis-citrus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-clementina-peel-extract-mediated-fabrication-of-silver-nanoparticles-with-high-efficacy-against-microbial-pathogens-and-rat-glial-tumor-c6-cells
#8
Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Han-Seung Shin, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Giovanni Benelli, Gajanan S Ghodake, Yuan Yuan Jiang, Dong Su Kim, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
Process byproducts from the fruit industry may represent a cheap and reliable source of green reducing agents to be used in current bio-nanosynthesis. This study reports the use of orange (Citrus × clementina) peel aqueous extract (OPE) for one-pot green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with high effectiveness against various microbial pathogens as well as rat glial tumor C6 cells. The effects of various operational parameters on the synthesis of AgNPs were systematically investigated. The morphology, particle size, and properties of synthesized AgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298980/biological-and-antibacterial-properties-of-a-new-silver-fiber-post-in-vitro-evaluation
#9
Claudio Poggio, Federico Trovati, Matteo Ceci, Marco Chiesa, Marco Colombo, Giampiero Pietrocola
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of nano silver particles (AgNPs) to improve antibacterial properties of dental materials has become increasingly common. The aim of the present study was to compare the antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity effects of different fiber posts: glass fiber post, quartz fiber post, nano fiber post and silver fiber post. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The antibacterial activity against S. mutans, S. salivarius and S. sanguis was evaluated by using the agar disc diffusion test (ADT)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294638/potential-targetability-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-loaded-with-silver-nanoparticles-photosynthesized-from-ocimum-tenuiflorum-tulsi-extract-in-fertility-diagnosis
#10
Pradeep K Jha, Rakhi K Jha, Dilip Rout, Sathishkumar Gnanasekar, Suresh Vs Rana, Maidul Hossain
Nanocarrier mediated targeted delivery and biosensing in reproductive health care is a major exploratory domain. This work demonstrates the loading of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) inside the multiwalled Carbon nanotube(MWCNT) and their targetability to the intracellular part of the sperm cell for its further application in biosensing based infertility diagnosis. Ocimum tenuiflorum (tulsi extract) mediated photosynthesized AgNP exhibited spherical shape, 5-40nm size and surface plasmonic resonance at 430 nm...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291502/skin-regeneration-using-dermal-substrates-that-contain-autologous-cells-and-silver-nanoparticles-to-promote-antibacterial-activity-in-vitro-studies
#11
Michael A J Zieger, Manuel Ochoa, Rahim Rahimi, Gonzalo Campana, Sunil Tholpady, Babak Ziaie, Rajiv Sood
We hypothesized that the addition of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) to a dermal substrate would impart antibacterial properties without inhibiting the proliferation of contained cells. Our in vitro model was based on the commercial substrate, Integra. The substrate was prepared by simple immersion into 0 to 1% suspension of AgNP (75 or 200 nm diameter) followed by rinsing for 20 minutes and sterilization under an ultraviolet C lamp. A total of 10(7) human adipose stem cells per cubic centimeter were injected and after 1 hour, 6 × 10(5) keratinocytes/cm(2) were seeded and cultured for up to 14 days...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290213/cardamom-fruits-as-a-green-resource-for-facile-synthesis-of-gold-and-silver-nanoparticles-and-their-biological-applications
#12
Veronika Soshnikova, Yeon Ju Kim, Priyanka Singh, Yue Huo, Josua Markus, Sungeun Ahn, Verónica Castro-Aceituno, Jongpyo Kang, Mohan Chokkalingam, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Deok Chun Yang
Gold (FA-AuNps) and silver (FA-AgNps) nanoparticles were synthesized at room temperature by aqueous extract of dried fruits of Amomum villosum, also known as Fructus Amomi (cardamom), in order to confer antioxidant, catalytic, antimicrobial activities and treatment effect against breast cancer cells. Fruit extracts served as both reducing agents and stabilizers in lieu of chemical agents. Ultra-violet visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, elemental mapping, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were employed to characterize the biosynthesized nanoparticles...
March 14, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285201/simple-sensitive-and-label-free-electrochemical-detection-of-micrornas-based-on-the-in-situ-formation-of-silver-nanoparticles-aggregates-for-signal-amplification
#13
Leilei Liu, Yong Chang, Ning Xia, Peizhen Peng, Liping Zhang, Mengsha Jiang, Jiebin Zhang, Lin Liu
This work presented a simple, sensitive and label-free electrochemical method for the detection of microRNAs (miRNAs). It is based on the boronate ester covalent interaction between 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (MPBA) and cis-diol at the 3'-terminal of miRNAs and the MPBA-induced in situ formation of citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) aggregates as labels on the electrode surface. In this design, MPBA acted as the cross-linker of AgNPs assembly. Specifically, the thiolated hairpin-like DNA probe was assembled onto the gold nanoparticles (nano-Au) modified electrode surface through the Ag-S interaction...
February 24, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284311/physico-cultural-parameters-during-agnps-biotransformation-with-bactericidal-activity-against-human-pathogens
#14
Gurusamy Raman, Seon Joo Park, Natarajan Sakthivel, Anil K Suresh
Production of AgNPs with desired morphologies and surface characteristics using facile, economic and non-laborious processes is highly imperative. Cell extract based syntheses are emerging as a novel technique for the production of diverse forms of NPs, and is assured to meet the requirements. Therefore, in order to have a better understanding, and to improvise and gain control over the NPs morphological and surface characteristics, the present investigation systematically evaluates the influence of various major physico-cultural parameters including diverse growth media, concentrations of precursor salts; pH and temperature on the biotransformation of ionic silver (Ag(+)) to nanopariculate silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), utilizing the cell free extract of the bacterium, P...
May 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283412/silver-nanoparticles-alter-learning-and-memory-formation-in-an-aquatic-organism-lymnaea-stagnalis
#15
Austin Young, Amy Protheroe, Ken Lukowiak
We tested the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the ability of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis, to learn and form long-term memory (LTM) following operant conditioning of aerial respiration. We hypothesized that the AgNPs would act as a stressor and prevent learning and LTM formation. We tested snails exposed for either 72 h or only during training and testing for memory (i.e. 0.5 h) and found no difference between those treatments. We found that at a low concentration of AgNPs (5 μg/L) neither learning and nor memory formation were altered...
March 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282573/tracing-sialoglycans-on-cell-membrane-via-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-spectroscopy-with-a-phenylboronic-acid-based-nanosensor-in-molecular-recognition
#16
Lijia Liang, Huixin Qu, Biying Zhang, Jing Zhang, Rong Deng, Yanting Shen, Shuping Xu, Chongyang Liang, Weiqing Xu
Sialoglycan expression is critical for assessing various diseases progression. Especially, its abnormal levels are commonly believed to be associated with tumor and metastatic cancer types. While, complicated structures, multiple types and dynamic distributions make it challenging for in situ investigating sialoglycans at the physiological status. Herein, we developed a 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (MPBA)-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanosensor to in situ study sialoglycan levels and dynamic expression processes of different cell types based on molecular recognition between phenylboronic acid and sialoglycans at physiological condition...
February 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278761/spectroscopic-investigation-on-interaction-of-biogenic-croton-bonplandianum-leaves-extract-mediated-potential-bactericidal-silver-nanoparticles-with-human-hemoglobin-and-human-serum-albumin
#17
Maidul Beg, Anukul Maji, Amit Kumar Mandal, Somnath Das, Pradeep K Jha, Maidul Hossain
The green synthesis of nanoparticles has received increasing attention due to the growing demand to produce safe, cost-effective, and eco-friendly technology for nanomaterials synthesis. We report on the use of aqueous Croton bonplandianum (Family: Euphorbiaceae, Genus: Croton) leaves extract for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) without using any external reducing and stabilizing agent. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy showed maximum absorbance at 446 nm due to surface plasmon resonance of AgNPs...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278585/toxicity-evaluation-of-silver-nanoparticles-synthesized-by-chemical-and-green-route-in-different-experimental-models
#18
Shakila Banu Vasanth, Gino A Kurian
With the increased exposure of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to human beings, the risk and safety should be considered. In this study, nephro-toxicity of AgNPs prepared by chemical and green route (aqueous extract of Desmodium gangeticum root) in rat, proximal epithelial cell lines and renal mitochondria was evaluated. AgNPs (100 mg/kg) were administered orally to the wistar rats. After 15 d, we observed significant changes in the renal architecture of both AgNPs, supported by the urine and blood chemistry data...
February 14, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274865/role-of-nanoparticle-size-in-self-assemble-processes-of-collagen-for-tissue-engineering-application
#19
Mohan Vedhanayagam, Marimuthu Nidhin, Natarajan Duraipandy, Niranjan Dhanasekar Naresh, Ganesh Jaganathan, Mohan Ranganathan, Manikantan Syamala Kiran, Shoba Narayan, Balachandran Unni Nair, Kalarical Janardhanan Sreeram
Nanoparticle mediated extracellular matrix may offer new and improved biomaterial to wound healing and tissue engineering applications. However, influence of nanoparticle size in extracellular matrix is still unclear. In this work, we synthesized different size of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) comprising of 10nm, 35nm and 55nm using nutraceuticals (pectin) as reducing as well as stabilization agents through microwave irradiation method. Synthesized Ag-pectin nanoparticles were assimilated in the self-assemble process of collagen leading to fabricated collagen-Ag-pectin nanoparticle based scaffolds...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272303/effects-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-multiple-drug-resistant-strains-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-mastitis-infected-goats-an-alternative-approach-for-antimicrobial-therapy
#20
Yu-Guo Yuan, Qiu-Ling Peng, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
Recently, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in various applications as antimicrobial agents, anticancer, diagnostics, biomarkers, cell labels, and drug delivery systems for the treatment of various diseases. Microorganisms generally acquire resistance to antibiotics through the course of antibacterial therapy. Multi-drug resistance (MDR) has become a growing problem in the treatment of infectious diseases, and the widespread use of broad-spectrum antibiotics has resulted in the development of antibiotic resistance by numerous human and animal bacterial pathogens...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
keyword
keyword
24838
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"