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Mingda Zheng, Yingying Wang, Chenge Wang, Wei Wei, Shuang Ma, Xiaohan Sun, Jiang He
A simple and selective colorimetric sensor based on citrate capped silver nanoparticles (Cit-AgNPs) is proposed for the detection of Thiophanate-methyl (TM) with high sensitivity and selectivity. The method based on the color change of Cit-AgNPs from yellow to cherry red with the addition of TM to Cit-AgNPs that caused a red-shift on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band from 394nm to 525nm due to the hydrogen-bonding and substitution. The density functional theory (DFT) method was also calculated the interactions between the TM and citrate ions...
March 13, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Fahmi Yakop, Siti Aisyah Abd Ghafar, Yoke Keong Yong, Latifah Saiful Yazan, Rohazila Mohamad Hanafiah, Vuanghao Lim, Zolkapli Eshak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate apoptotic activity of silver nanoparticle Clinacanthus nutans (AgNps-CN) towards HSC-4 cell lines (oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines). METHODS: Methods involved were MTT assay (cytotoxic activity), morphological cells analysis, flow cytometry and cell cycle analysis and western blot. RESULTS: MTT assay revealed IC50 concentration was 1.61 µg/mL, 3T3-L1 cell lines were used to determine whether AgNps-CN is cytotoxic to normal cells...
March 21, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Zahra Heidari, Ali Salehzadeh, Seyed Ataollah Sadat Shandiz, Sara Tajdoost
This study highlights the anti-oxidant and anti-cancer activities of bio-functionalized Thymus vulgaris silver nanoparticles (TVAgNPs) and bioactive compounds were compared using the human breast cancer T47D cell line. The aqueous ethanolic extract of T. vulgaris evaluated for chemical composition using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) analysis. The prepared TVAgNPs were determined by means of UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, zeta potential, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersed spectroscopy analysis...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
R A González-Fuenzalida, L Sanjuan-Navarro, Y Moliner-Martínez, P Campíns-Falcó
The capacity of different soils to capture silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by measuring changes of an AgNP intrinsic property such as the plasmon for the first time, was studied. In-tube solid-phase microextraction (IT-SPME) coupled on-line to capillary liquid chromatography (CapLC) with diode array detection (DAD) was employed for measuring the interactions between soil and in-contact AgNP dispersions. Its achieved LOD 9 pM assures quantitative retention measurements and selectivity for soil lixiviation was suitable...
March 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Barbara Różalska, Beata Sadowska, Aleksandra Budzyńska, Przemysław Bernat, Sylwia Różalska
Due to low efficacy of classic antimicrobial drugs, finding new active preparations attracts much attention. In this study an innovative, cost-effective and environmentally friendly method was applied to produce silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using filamentous fungi Metarhizium robertsii biomass waste. It was shown that these NPs possess prominent antifungal effects against C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. parapsilosis reference strains. Further detailed studies were performed on C. albicans ATCC 90028. AgNPs kill curve (CFU method and esterase-mediated reduction of fluorescein diacetate); fractionally inhibitory concentration index (FICI) with fluconazole (FLC); effect on fungal cell membrane permeability (propidium iodide (PI) staining), membrane lipids profile (HPLC-MS), yeast morphotypes and intracellular reactive oxygen species level (H2DCFDA probe) were investigated...
2018: PloS One
Imelda Galván Márquez, Mergan Ghiyasvand, Andrey Massarsky, Mohan Babu, Bahram Samanfar, Katayoun Omidi, Thomas W Moon, Myron L Smith, Ashkan Golshani
Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are increasingly incorporated into a variety of commercial applications and consumer products; however, ENMs may possess cytotoxic properties due to their small size. This study assessed the effects of two commonly used ENMs, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), in the model eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A collection of ≈4600 S. cerevisiae deletion mutant strains was used to deduce the genes, whose absence makes S. cerevisiae more prone to the cytotoxic effects of ZnONPs or AgNPs...
2018: PloS One
Mithun Sikder, Emily Eudy, G Thomas Chandler, Mohammed Baalousha
Many nanotoxicological studies have assessed the acute toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) at high exposure concentrations. There is a gap in understanding NP chronic environmental effects at lower exposure concentrations. This study reports life-cycle chronic toxicity of sublethal exposures of polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated silver nanoparticles (PVP-AgNPs) relative to dissolved silver nitrate (AgNO3 ) for the estuarine meiobenthic copepod, Amphiascus tenuiremis, over a range of environmentally relevant concentrations, i...
March 19, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Xiaohong Zhang, Can Xiao
Ablation treatments are the minimally invasive surgical procedures that are used to treat early stage cancers. High intensity ultrasonic treatments that are used to treat solid cancers are not much successful in differentiating between healthy and cancerous cells. In this study, a method of combining ultrasound treatment with Garcinia mangostana bark extract mediated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was extended by making use of human lung epithelial cells, that could preferentially destruct the cancerous cells...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Lilian Cristina Pereira, Murilo Pazin, Mariana Furio Franco-Bernardes, Airton da Cunha Martins, Gustavo Rafael Mazzaron Barcelos, Márcio Cesar Pereira, João Paulo Mesquita, Jairo Lisboa Rodrigues, Fernando Barbosa, Daniel Junqueira Dorta
Nanotechnology is a growing branch of science that deals with the development of structural features bearing at least one dimension in the nano range. More specifically, nanomaterials are defined as objects with dimensions that range from 1 to 100 nm, which give rise to interesting properties. In particular, silver and titanium nanoparticles (AgNPs and TiNPs, respectively) are known for their biological and biomedical properties and are often used in consumer products such as cosmetics, food additives, kitchen utensils, and toys...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Amarjeet Singh, Bhavana Sharma, Renu Deswal
In the present study, we report perhaps for the first time the use of novel varieties of Brassica oleracea var. botrytis and Raphanus sativus as potential bioreductant, to synthesize highly stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs, no aggregation observed for six months), which is a significant finding as plant extract-directed AgNPs are intrinsically unstable and tend to aggregate. The reduction of Ag+ to Ag0 nanostructures was confirmed using UVVis spectroscopy showing SPR spectra at 400-435 nm. Nanosight and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis showed monodisperse spherical AgNPs (4-18 nm)...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Yugal Kishore Mohanta, Debasis Nayak, Kunal Biswas, Sameer Kumar Singdevsachan, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abeer Hashem, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Dhananjay Yadav, Tapan Kumar Mohanta
The present study demonstrates an economical and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the wild mushroom Ganoderma sessiliforme . The synthesis of AgNPs was confirmed and the products characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Furthermore, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) analysis was performed to identify the viable biomolecules involved in the capping and active stabilization of AgNPs...
March 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yunjun Rui, Weiliang Zhao, Dewei Zhu, Hengyu Wang, Guangliang Song, Mark T Swihart, Neng Wan, Dawei Gu, Xiaobing Tang, Ying Yang, Tianyou Zhang
In recent years, many research groups have synthesized ultra-thin silver nanowires (AgNWs) with diameters below 30 nm by employing Cl- and Br- simultaneously in the polyol process. However, the yield of AgNWs in this method was low, due to the production of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) as an unwanted byproduct, especially in the case of high Br- concentration. Here, we investigated the roles of Cl- and Br- in the preparation of AgNWs and then synthesized high aspect ratio (up to 2100) AgNWs in high yield (>85% AgNWs) using a Cl- and Br- co-mediated method...
March 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Zheng-Zhe Zhang, Ya-Fei Cheng, Lian-Zeng-Ji Xu, Yu-Hui Bai, Ren-Cun Jin
The increasing use of engineered Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in consumer products raises great concerns about their environmental impacts, but their potential impact on anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria in wastewater treatment remains unclear. In this study, the response of anammox consortia inhabiting in granules to long-term exposure of AgNPs was investigated. The gradually increased stress of AgNPs (1, 10, 50 mg L-1 ) showed no adverse effects on the nitrogen removal performance and on the relative abundance of Ca...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Laxman S Walekar, Peidong Hu, Hamed Vafaei Molamahmood, Mingce Long
The integrated system of pyrene and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with a distance (r) of 2.78nm has been developed for the detection of Hg (II) and pyrene dimer. The interaction between pyrene and AgNPs results in the fluorescence quenching of pyrene due to the energy transfer, whose mechanism can be attributed to the Forster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) supported by experimental observation and theoretical calculations. The developed probe shows a highly selective and sensitive response towards Hg (II) probably due to the amalgam formation, which results in the fluorescence recovery (90%) of pyrene and color change of solution from yellowish brown to colorless...
March 7, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Heerak Chugh, Damini Sood, Ishita Chandra, Vartika Tomar, Gagan Dhawan, Ramesh Chandra
Development of nanoparticles (NPs) as a part of cancer therapeutics has given rise to a new field of research - cancer nanomedicine. In comparison to traditional anti-cancer drugs, NPs provide a targeted approach which prevents undesirable effects. In this communication, we have reviewed the role of gold and silver NPs (AgNPs) in the cancer nanomedicine. The preparation of gold NPs (AuNPs) and AgNPs can be grouped into three categories - physical, chemical and biological. Among the three approaches, the biological approach is growing and receiving more attention due to its safe and effective production...
March 13, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Xiangrong Li, Kaiwei Wang, Yanru Peng
The interaction of nanoparticles (NPs) with proteins is a topic of high relevance for the medical application of nanomaterials. In the study, a comprehensive investigation was performed for the binding properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to pepsin. The results indicate that the binding of AgNPs to pepsin may be a static quenching mechanism. Thermodynamic analysis reveals that AgNPs binds to pepsin is synergistically driven by enthalpy and entropy, and the major driving forces are hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions...
March 9, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Songqi Liu, Chao Wang, Jun Hou, Peifang Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Xiulei Fan, Guoxiang You, Yi Xu
The widespread use of commercial silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) inevitably results in their increased release into natural waters and subsequent deposition in sediments, requiring the environmental impact of such deposition to be closely investigated. Hence, the effects of Ag NPs, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-Ag NPs, and sliver sulfide nanoparticles (Ag2 S NPs) on denitrification-induced gas production (N2 O and15 N-N2 ), and denitrifying microbes in freshwater sediments were investigated. Slurry experiments (8 h) combined with a15 NO3 - addition technique were performed to determine the gaseous production...
March 8, 2018: Water Research
Lu Wang, Yanan Wu, Jia Xie, Sheng Wu, Zhenqiang Wu
The green synthesis of nanoparticles has become increasingly promising due to their potential applications in nanomedicine and materials science. In this study, silver nanoparticles (P-AgNPs) were synthesized from aqueous extracts of P. guajava L. leaf. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were confirmed by UV-vis spectrophotometry at 438 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and zetasizer analyses showed that the average sizes of the P-AgNPs were 20-35 nm, 25 nm, and 25-35 nm, respectively...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Cayla M Duffy, Jacob Swanson, William Northrop, Joshua P Nixon, Tammy A Butterick
The brain is the central regulator for integration and control of responses to environmental cues. Previous studies suggest that air pollution may directly impact brain health by triggering the onset of chronic neuroinflammation. We hypothesize that nanoparticle components of combustion-generated air pollution may underlie these effects. To test this association, a microglial in vitro biological sensor model was used for testing neuroinflammatory response caused by low-dose nanoparticle exposure. The model was first validated using 20 nm silver nanoparticles (AgNP)...
March 9, 2018: Nanomaterials
Víctor Pérez Medina Martínez, Carlos E Espinosa-de la Garza, Diego A Méndez-Silva, Mariana Bolívar-Vichido, Luis F Flores-Ortiz, Néstor O Pérez
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are known to interact with proteins, leading to modifications of the plasmonic absorption that can be used to monitor this interaction, entailing a promising application for sensing adsorption of therapeutic proteins in primary containers. First, transmission electron microscopy in combination with plasmonic absorption and light scattering responses were used to characterize AgNPs and protein-AgNP complexes, including its concentration dependence, using two therapeutic molecules as models: a monoclonal antibody (mAb) and a synthetic copolymer (SC)...
March 8, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
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