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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319494/heparin-binding-protein-hbp-a-causative-marker-and-potential-target-for-heparin-treatment-of-human-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#1
Jane Fisher, James A Russell, Peter Bentzer, Devyn Parsons, Stefano Secchia, Matthias Mörgelin, Keith R Walley, John H Boyd, Adam Linder
RATIONALE: Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common condition with high morbidity and mortality. Neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP) induces vascular leakage and is a promising biomarker of sepsis-induced organ dysfunction. It remains unknown if HBP is prognostic of AKI in septic shock and if HBP could play a role in the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced AKI. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of plasma HBP levels with development of AKI, investigate the role of HBP in the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced AKI, and test the effect of blocking HBP using heparin derivatives...
March 17, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319096/hyperglycemia-exacerbates-colon-cancer-malignancy-through-hexosamine-biosynthetic-pathway
#2
A Vasconcelos-Dos-Santos, H F B R Loponte, N R Mantuano, I A Oliveira, I F de Paula, L K Teixeira, J C M de-Freitas-Junior, K C Gondim, N Heise, R Mohana-Borges, J A Morgado-Díaz, W B Dias, A R Todeschini
Hyperglycemia is a common feature of diabetes mellitus, considered as a risk factor for cancer. However, its direct effects in cancer cell behavior are relatively unexplored. Herein we show that high glucose concentration induces aberrant glycosylation, increased cell proliferation, invasion and tumor progression of colon cancer. By modulating the activity of the rate-limiting enzyme, glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT), we demonstrate that hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) is involved in those processes...
March 20, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314197/use-of-hepatobiliary-phase-images-in-gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-mri-of-breast-cancer-hepatic-metastasis-to-predict-response-to-chemotherapy
#3
Hyun Ji Lee, Chang Hee Lee, Jeong Woo Kim, Yang Shin Park, Jongmee Lee, Kyeong Ah Kim
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic value of Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI findings of liver metastasis from breast cancer. METHODS: 29 metastatic lesions from 12 breast cancer patients who received chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated hepatobiliary phase of the lesions and classified them as a "target" or "non-target" appearance. The relationship of appearance or SI ratio with tumor response was analyzed. RESULTS: A non-target appearance was more frequent in disease control group than in non-control group [14/18 (77...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306633/race-and-sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-%C3%AE-adrenergic-and-%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptor-responsiveness-in-men-and-women-with-high-blood-pressure
#4
Andrew Sherwood, LaBarron K Hill, James A Blumenthal, Kristy S Johnson, Alan L Hinderliter
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is associated with unfavorable changes in adrenergic receptor responsiveness, but the relationship of race and sex to adrenergic receptor responsiveness in the development of cardiovascular disease is unclear. This study examined α-adrenergic and ß-adrenergic receptor responsiveness in African-American and white men and women with untreated high blood pressure (BP) (HBP) and with normal BP. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study sample comprised 161 African-American and white men and women in the age range 25-45 years...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301619/two-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-parallel-group-comparison-studies-of-a-novel-enhanced-lotion-formulation-of-halobetasol-propionate-0-05-versus-its-vehicle-in-adult-subjects-with-plaque-psoriasis
#5
David Pariser, Michael Bukhalo, Scott Guenthner, Steven Kempers, Stephen Shideler, Linda Stein Gold, Eduardo Tschen, Jim Berg, Mary Beth Ferdon, Syd Dromgoole
<p>BACKGROUND: A novel lotion formulation of halobetasol propionate, 0.05% (HBP Lotion) with enhanced vehicle characteristics of a cream while preserving the ease of use and cosmetic elegance of a lotion has been developed to treat plaque psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: Determine the safety and effectiveness of HBP Lotion in patients with plaque psoriasis. METHODS: Two prospective, randomized, vehicle-controlled clinical studies were conducted in 443 adult subjects with moderate-severe plaque psoriasis...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300856/halobetasol-propionate-lotion-0-05-provides-superior-hydration-compared-to-halobetasol-propionate-cream-0-05-in-a-double-blinded-study-of-occlusivity-and-hydration
#6
Gary Grove, Charles Zerweck, Tim Houser, Anthony Andrasfay, Bob Gauthier, Charles Holland, Daniel Piacquadio
BACKGROUND: This study measured skin hydration and occlusivity of two test products [halobetasol propionate lotion, 0.05% (HBP Lotion) and Ultravate® (halobetasol propionate) cream, 0.05% (HBP Cream)] at 2, 4, and 6 hours after application to skin test sites previously challenged by dry shaving, which was performed to compromise the integrity of the stratum corneum barrier. METHODS: Trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), an indicator of skin barrier function, was measured using cyberDERM, inc...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294513/difference-in-evening-home-blood-pressure-between-before-dinner-and-at-bedtime-in-japanese-elderly-hypertensive-patients
#7
Takeshi Fujiwara, Satoshi Hoshide, Masafumi Nishizawa, Takefumi Matsuo, Kazuomi Kario
The authors evaluated the differences between evening home blood pressure (HBP) readings taken before dinner and those taken at bedtime, which were documented in a European and a Japanese guideline, respectively. Forty-eight patients (mean age, 76.4 years) measured their evening HBP twice each day (two measurements both before dinner and at bedtime) for 14 days. The authors defined the at-bedtime (B) minus the before-dinner (D) systolic HBP as the B-D difference. The mean B-D difference was -8.7 mm Hg (P<...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289784/high-blood-pressure-states-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-associate-accelerated-vascular-aging-with-a-higher-impact-in-females-arterial-properties
#8
S Curcio, V García-Espinosa, J M Castro, G Peluso, M Marotta, M Arana, P Chiesa, G Giachetto, D Bia, Yanina Zócalo
The aims of the study were to determine (1) whether the presence of High blood pressure (HBP) states in the youth associate a steeper rate of age-related change in arterial geometrical and wall properties with respect to subjects with no previous cardiovascular risk factor (CRF) exposure, (2) in which parameters and in what magnitude, and (3) the existence of a gender-related difference in the impact of this condition on arterial properties. 300 individuals (mean/range: 15/4-29 years; 133 females) were included...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267687/hypertension-s-3-dilemmas-and-3-solutions-pharmacology-of-the-kidney-in-hypertension
#9
William A Pettinger
The Hypertension Community has 3 conflicting dilemmas: a goal systolic pressure of 120 mm Hg or less (the SPRINT Trials), 40% of our 60,000,000 hypertensives still sustain blood pressures above 140/90 mm Hg, and our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil sits on the sidelines, imprisoned in the Food and Drug Administration's Black Box designation. My solutions to these dilemmas are: (1) review of the facts of our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil which is essentially free of toxicity, (2) treatment focus on the fundamental cause of high blood pressure, that is excess dietary sodium and, (3) prevention of, and/or reversal of, the fundamental mechanism of worsening hypertension, arteriolar hypertrophy...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267535/the-value-of-paradoxical-uptake-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-on-the-hepatobiliary-phase-of-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-liver-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-prediction-of-lipiodol-uptake-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization
#10
Jeong Woo Kim, Chang Hee Lee, Yang Shin Park, Tae Seok Seo, Myung Gyu Song, Ji Hoon Kim, Kyeong Ah Kim, Cheol Min Park
PURPOSE: To compare the response to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with paradoxical uptake on the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) (HCCpara) and HCC with defect on the HBP (HCCdef), and to identify some imaging features that can differentiate between two groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three HCCs from 54 patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to TACE were included...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258614/safety-related-outcomes-of-the-japanese-society-of-hepato-biliary-pancreatic-surgery-board-certification-system-for-expert-surgeons
#11
Takehito Otsubo, Shinjiro Kobayashi, Keiji Sano, Takayuki Misawa, Takehiro Ota, Satoshi Katagiri, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Hiroki Yamaue, Norihiro Kokudo, Michiaki Unno, Jiro Fujimoto, Fumihiko Miura, Masaru Miyazaki, Masakazu Yamamoto
PURPOSE: We investigated safety-related outcomes of HBP surgeries performed after establishment of the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery board certification system for expert surgeons. METHODS: We analyzed post-HBP surgery mortality data obtained from annual safety reports provided by board-certified training institutions between 2012 and 2015. RESULTS: The 90-day mortality rate for the 53,929 high-level HBP surgeries performed at board-certified training institutions was 1...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249571/evaluating-segmental-liver-function-using-t1-mapping-on-gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-mri-with-a-3-0-tesla
#12
Zhi-Peng Zhou, Li-Ling Long, Wei-Jia Qiu, Ge Cheng, Li-Juan Huang, Teng-Fei Yang, Zhong-Kui Huang
BACKGROUND: Assessing the liver function provides valuable information to evaluate surgical risk and plan accordingly. Current studies focus on whole liver function evaluation. However, assessment of segmental liver function is equally important in the clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI can evaluate the liver function of each segment by using T1 mapping at 3 Tesla MRI. METHODS: One hundred three patients were classified into one of 4 groups: a normal liver function (NLF) group (n = 38), a liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh A (LCA) group (n = 33), a liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh B (LCB) group (n = 21), and a liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh C (LCC) group (n = 11)...
March 1, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237298/assessment-of-liver-fibrosis-using-t1-mapping-on-gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-magnetic-resonance
#13
Ruo Fan Sheng, He Qing Wang, Li Yang, Kai Pu Jin, Yan Hong Xie, Cai Xia Fu, Meng Su Zeng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the value of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 mapping in exact fibrosis staging, especially its correlation with hepatic molecular transporters. AIMS: To investigate the diagnostic value of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 mapping in staging liver fibrosis and its relationship with hepatic molecular transporters. METHODS: Thirty rats were divided into the carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis groups and a control group...
February 22, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222186/alpk1-controls-tifa-traf6-dependent-innate-immunity-against-heptose-1-7-bisphosphate-of-gram-negative-bacteria
#14
Milica Milivojevic, Anne-Sophie Dangeard, Christoph Alexander Kasper, Therese Tschon, Mario Emmenlauer, Claudine Pique, Pamela Schnupf, Julie Guignot, Cécile Arrieumerlou
During infection by invasive bacteria, epithelial cells contribute to innate immunity via the local secretion of inflammatory cytokines. These are directly produced by infected cells or by uninfected bystanders via connexin-dependent cell-cell communication. However, the cellular pathways underlying this process remain largely unknown. Here we perform a genome-wide RNA interference screen and identify TIFA and TRAF6 as central players of Shigella flexneri and Salmonella typhimurium-induced interleukin-8 expression...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216288/home-automated-office-and-conventional-office-blood-pressure-as-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk
#15
Emmanuel A Andreadis, Vasilios Papademetriou, Charalampia V Geladari, George N Kolyvas, Epameinondas T Angelopoulos, Konstantinos N Aronis
Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) has recently been shown to closely predict cardiovascular (CV) events in the elderly. Home blood pressure (HBP) has also been accepted as a valuable method in the prediction of CV disease. This study aimed to compare conventional office BP (OBP), HBP, and AOBP in order to evaluate their value in predicting CV events and deaths in hypertensives. We assessed 236 initially treatment naïve hypertensives, examined between 2009 and 2013. The end points were any CV and non-CV event including mortality, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, hospitalization for heart failure, severe arrhythmia, stroke, and intermittent claudication...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201887/a-corresponding-states-analysis-of-the-liquid-vapor-equilibrium-properties-of-common-water-models
#16
Malte Fugel, Volker C Weiss
Many atomistic potential models have been proposed to reproduce the properties of real water and to capture as many of its anomalies as possible. The large number of different models indicates that this task is by no means an easy one. Some models are reasonably successful for various properties, while others are designed to account for only a very few specific features of water accurately. Among the most popular models are SPC/E, TIP4P, TIP4P/2005, TIP4P/Ice, and TIP5P-E. Here, we report the equilibrium properties of the liquid-vapor coexistence, such as the densities of the liquid phase and the vapor phase, the interfacial tension between them, and the vapor pressure at saturation...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186970/high-expression-of-gfat1-predicts-unfavorable-prognosis-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Lili Li, Miaomiao Shao, Peike Peng, Caiting Yang, Shushu Song, Fangfang Duan, Dongwei Jia, Mingming Zhang, Junjie Zhao, Ran Zhao, Weicheng Wu, Lan Wang, Can Li, Hao Wu, Jie Zhang, Xin Wu, Yuanyuan Ruan, Jianxin Gu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. As a branch of glucose metabolism, hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) has been reported to play a critical role in the insulin resistance and progression of cancer. Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT) is the rate-limiting enzyme of the HBP; nevertheless, the prognostic value of GFAT1 in HCC remains elusive. In this study, we found that high expression of GFAT1 was significantly associated with serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), tumor size, tumor encapsulation, T stage and TNM stage...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181823/diagnostic-value-of-gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-mr-cholangiography-in-non-invasive-detection-of-postoperative-bile-leakage
#18
Melahat Kul, Ayşe Erden, Ebru Düşünceli Atman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of dynamic T1 weighted (T1w) gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MR cholangiography (MRC) for the detection of active bile leaks. METHODS: A total of 28 patients with suspected biliary leakage who underwent routine T2 weighted (T2w) MRC and T1w GD-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRC at our institution from February 2013 to June 2016 were included in this study. The image sets were retrospectively analyzed in consensus by three radiologists...
April 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179882/connecting-artificial-brains-to-robots-in-a-comprehensive-simulation-framework-the-neurorobotics-platform
#19
Egidio Falotico, Lorenzo Vannucci, Alessandro Ambrosano, Ugo Albanese, Stefan Ulbrich, Juan Camilo Vasquez Tieck, Georg Hinkel, Jacques Kaiser, Igor Peric, Oliver Denninger, Nino Cauli, Murat Kirtay, Arne Roennau, Gudrun Klinker, Axel Von Arnim, Luc Guyot, Daniel Peppicelli, Pablo Martínez-Cañada, Eduardo Ros, Patrick Maier, Sandro Weber, Manuel Huber, David Plecher, Florian Röhrbein, Stefan Deser, Alina Roitberg, Patrick van der Smagt, Rüdiger Dillman, Paul Levi, Cecilia Laschi, Alois C Knoll, Marc-Oliver Gewaltig
Combined efforts in the fields of neuroscience, computer science, and biology allowed to design biologically realistic models of the brain based on spiking neural networks. For a proper validation of these models, an embodiment in a dynamic and rich sensory environment, where the model is exposed to a realistic sensory-motor task, is needed. Due to the complexity of these brain models that, at the current stage, cannot deal with real-time constraints, it is not possible to embed them into a real-world task...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179623/provisional-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy-using-home-blood-pressure-measurements
#20
Yukiko Mikami, Yasushi Takai, Sumiko Era, Yoshihisa Ono, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Hiromichi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Seki
Most guidelines for the management of hypertension define it as a home blood pressure (HBP) value >135/85 mm Hg. However, there is no reference HBP value to diagnose hypertension in pregnant women. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed HBP measurements of pregnant women to determine whether it is appropriate to use the criteria for non-pregnant subjects for pregnant women. The participants of this study were 100 singleton pregnant women who visited our hospital between September 2013 and September 2016...
February 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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