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African American, Black people, Ethnic minorities

C Thomas Farrell, Alexis Clyde, Madhuri Katta, John Bolland
In countries such as the USA, a substantial percentage of teenage pregnancies are intentional, and desire for pregnancy increases risk. Black US Americans have been found to be less accepting of homosexuality than their non-Black peers, which may result in minority ethnic teenagers demonstrating heterosexual orientation through attempting pregnancy. Young, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans were surveyed longitudinally regarding attitudes about their sexuality, pregnancy intentions and other psychosocial factors...
September 13, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Natasha J Williams, Girardin Jean-Louis, Joeseph Ravenell, Azizi Seixas, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Gbenga Ogedegbe
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a leading sleep disorder that is disproportionately more prevalent in minority populations and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. OSA is associated with many chronic conditions including hypertension, diabetes, and obesity, all of which are disproportionately more prevalent among blacks (ie, peoples of African American, Caribbean, or African descent). METHODS: This article reviews studies conducted in the United States (US) that investigated sleep screenings and adherence to treatment for OSA among blacks...
February 2016: Sleep Medicine
Kamaldeep Bhui, Rabbea'h W Aslam, Andrea Palinski, Rose McCabe, Mark R D Johnson, Scott Weich, Swaran Preet Singh, Martin Knapp, Vittoria Ardino, Ala Szczepura
BACKGROUND: Black and minority ethnic (BME) people using psychiatric services are at greater risk of non-engagement, dropout from care and not receiving evidence-based interventions than white British people. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective interventions designed to improve therapeutic communications (TCs) for BME patients using psychiatric services in the UK, to identify gaps in the research literature and to recommend future research. PARTICIPANTS: Black African, black Caribbean, black British, white British, Pakistani and Bangladeshi patients in psychiatric services in the UK, or recruited from the community to enter psychiatric care...
April 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Hyunkag Cho, Woo Jong Kim
Studies have been conducted on intimate partner violence (IPV) among Asian Americans, but knowledge on their use of mental health services is limited. This study seeks to fill this gap by using a national sample to examine Asian victims' use of mental health services. We analyzed data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys. The dependent variable was use of mental health services. The independent variables included race, employment, and the type of IPV. Results showed that Asian victims used the service less than other racial groups...
October 2012: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Richard J Shaw, Kate E Pickett
OBJECTIVE: US studies have found that members of ethnic minority groups may have better mental health when they live in areas with a higher concentration of people of the same ethnicity. We investigate if the same effect is found for self-rated health in a population based sample of US Black and Hispanic people. DESIGN: We used multilevel logistic regression to test whether or not same-ethnic density, measured at the level of the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), using the US census 2000, was associated with self-rated health amongst 3117 Black men, 4288 Black women, 6253 Hispanic men and 6534 Hispanic women from the US Current Population Survey, Annual Demographic File, 2000, after adjustment...
June 2011: Ethnicity & Health
H C E Madden, P A Phillips-Howard, S C Hargreaves, J Downing, M A Bellis, R Vivancos, C Morley, Q Syed, P A Cook
HIV disproportionately affects vulnerable populations such as black and minority ethnic groups, men who have sex with men (MSM) and migrants, in many countries including those in the UK. Community organisations in the UK are charitable non-governmental organisations with a proportion of the workforce who volunteer, and provide invaluable additional support for people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Information on their contribution to HIV care in vulnerable groups is relatively sparse. Data generated from an enhanced HIV surveillance system in North West England, UK, was utilised for this study...
May 2011: AIDS Care
Charles Ellis, Anouk L Grubaugh, Leonard E Egede
OBJECTIVE: We examined actions to control high blood pressure (HBP) and health-care provider recommendations for blood pressure control among adults by racial/ethnic group and rural/urban residence. METHODS: We examined data from 45,024 participants with HBP in the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. We used multiple logistic regression analyses to assess the independent association between current actions to control HBP and health-care provider recommendations for blood pressure control by race/ethnicity and rural/urban status after accounting for confounders...
November 2010: Public Health Reports
Richard J Shaw, Kate E Pickett, Richard G Wilkinson
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether mothers from ethnic minority groups have better pregnancy outcomes when they live in counties with higher densities of people from the same ethnic group-despite such areas tending to be more socioeconomically deprived. METHODS: In a population-based US study, we used multilevel logistic regression analysis to test whether same-ethnic density was associated with maternal smoking in pregnancy, low birthweight, preterm delivery, and infant mortality among 581 151 Black and 763 201 Hispanic mothers and their infants, with adjustment for maternal and area-level characteristics...
April 2010: American Journal of Public Health
Pranesh P Chowdhury, Lina Balluz, Tara W Strine
OBJECTIVE: Improving quality of life is one of the goals of the Healthy People 2010 objectives. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures can be used to indicate unmet health needs and identify health disparity in population subgroups. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were gathered from the 2001-2002 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a state based annual random-digit-dialed telephone survey of non-institutional adults aged > or = 18 years...
2008: Ethnicity & Disease
S E Gilman, J Breslau, K J Conron, K C Koenen, S V Subramanian, A M Zaslavsky
OBJECTIVES: While lower socioeconomic status (SES) is related to higher risk for alcohol dependence, minority race-ethnicity is often associated with lower risk. This study attempts to clarify the nature and extent of social inequalities in alcohol dependence by investigating the effects of SES and race-ethnicity on the development of alcohol dependence following first alcohol use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (n = 43,093)...
March 2008: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Joyce Newman Giger, Ruth Davidhizar
Since the formation of the United States in early times, diversity has always been a reality. With the immigration of diverse whites from Europe, the importation of black slaves from Africa, and the presence of the preexisting Native American populations, diversity has long been a fact of life in this country. However, one of the long-standing priorities of the United States has been "good health" for all the people. The broad diversity of the population has presented a tremendous challenge to health care. This article addresses this important topic by looking at the concept of health disparity from a biopsychosocial perspective and further by describing disparities that are present in the United States among the 2 major ethnic minority groups, African Americans and Mexican Americans...
July 2007: Health Care Manager
Karen Newbigging, Mick McKeown
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent policy and legislative developments confirm the right to advocacy for people experiencing mental health problems. Provision of mental health advocacy for black and minority ethnic communities is particularly identified as a key objective for Primary Care Trusts. This review considers the implications for commissioners and practitioners of ensuring access to appropriate advocacy for service users from black and minority ethnic community. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a dearth of literature on mental health advocacy with black and minority ethnic communities...
November 2007: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Bridget Freisthler, Emily Bruce, Barbara Needell
The disproportionate number of racial and ethnic minority children in the child welfare system concerns many child welfare professionals. Few studies have investigated how neighborhood processes may contribute to this disparity. This study examined how neighborhood characteristics are associated with rates of child maltreatment for black, Hispanic, and white children. Spatial regression procedures were used to analyze data from 940 census tracts in California. For black children, higher rates of poverty and higher densities of off-premise alcohol outlets were positively associated with maltreatment rates, but increases in population since 1990, a higher percentage of residents who had moved, and a higher percentage of black residents were associated with lower rates...
January 2007: Social Work
Youlian Liao, Pattie Tucker, Wayne H Giles
The REACH 2010 Risk Factor Survey was conducted in 21 minority communities in the United States during June 2001-August 2002. The survey included 10,953 Blacks/African Americans, 4,257 Hispanics/Latinos, 4,204 Asians, and 1,791 American Indians. Data demonstrate that residents in the minority communities bear a greater socioeconomic, risk factor, and disease burden than do members of the general US population. However, substantial variations in the prevalence of risk factors and chronic conditions also indicated that public health priorities should vary among different racial/ethnic groups, and even among communities within each group, and that culturally sensitive primary and secondary prevention strategies should be tailored to meet community-specific needs...
2004: Ethnicity & Disease
Margot Jackson, Jean Peters
There is a need for people to have access to health information but this may not be readily available for some black and ethnic minority groups living in England. This study aims to improve access to health information for ethnic minority groups by providing this in their own language, in an audio and visual format through a touchscreen computer. The study was led by health promotion and public health workers informed by advisory panels of representatives from local black and ethnic minority groups in the cities of Nottingham, Sheffield and Leicester...
September 2003: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Sandra Lookinland, Christina P Linton, Carol Lavender
Based on current demographic trends, more ethnic minority nurses will be caring for older adults in acute and community settings. Although elder care is adversely affected by ageist attitudes held by some nurses, the influence of race and nursing care setting on ageist attitudes has not been adequately investigated. The aims of this study were to describe the attitudes of African-American nurses toward older adults and to compare the attitudes of ethnic minority nurses working in hospital versus community settings...
July 2002: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
M N Ozawa, Y S Lum
Some policy makers and policy analysts have proposed that Social Security should be privatized to enable participants to achieve higher returns through investment in the stock market. How well individual retirees would fare financially under a privatized system largely depends on their decision to invest in the equity market, rather than in other types of investment vehicles. For that reason, it is important to investigate the degree to which minority people are currently investing in this market. This article presents the findings of a study that compared the investment behavior of black and Hispanic people aged 51 to 61 with the investment behavior of their white counterparts...
2001: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
M Lillie-Blanton, M Brodie, D Rowland, D Altman, M McIntosh
To assess the public's perceptions and attitudes about racial and ethnic differences in health care, the Kaiser Family Foundation surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,884 whites, African Americans, and Latinos in 1999. The survey found that the majority of Americans are uninformed about health care disparities--many were unaware that blacks fare worse than whites on measures such as infant mortality and life expectancy, and that Latinos are less likely than whites to have health insurance. Views on whether the health system treats people equally were strikingly different by race...
2000: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
P G Robinson, V Bhavnani, F A Khan, T Newton, J Pitt, N Thorogood, S Gelbier, D Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental caries and treatment experience of groups of adults from minority ethnic communities living in the South Thames Region of England. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. SETTINGS: Community, religious and educational centres for adults from minority ethnic communities. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball sample of 928 adults from 44 ethnic groups including: Black Caribbean (141), Black African (134); Pakistani (123); Indian (190); Bangladeshi (78); Chinese/Vietnamese (143) and 119 from other groups...
March 2000: Community Dental Health
D Holmes, J Teresi, M Holmes
This article provides data obtained through telephone interviews with 1,608 white, black, Mexican American, or Puerto Rican respondents. The study was designed to measure differences among ethnic groups in knowledge and attitudes toward long-term care services and the extent to which knowledge and attitudes affect service use. Across all groups, there is less knowledge about long-term, community-based care than institutional services. The extent of knowledge about services is limited among all groups, but especially among Puerto Ricans...
1983: Health Care Financing Review
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