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Souhir Abdelkrim, Salwa Harzalli Jebara, Omar Saadani, Moez Jebara
The ability of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobateria (PGPR) to enhance Lathyrus sativus tolerance to lead (Pb) stress was investigated. Ten consortia formed by mixing four efficient and Pb-resistant PGPR strains were assessed for their beneficial effect in improving Pb (0.5 mM) uptake and in inducing host-defensive system of L. sativus under hydroponic conditions based on various physiological and biochemical parameters. Pb stress significantly decreased shoot and root dry weight but inoculation improves these biomasses with highest increases registred in SDW and RDW of plants inoculated with I5 (R...
June 15, 2018: Plant Biology
Cao Son Trinh, Chan Young Jeong, Won Je Lee, Hai An Truong, Namhyun Chung, Juhyeong Han, Suk-Whan Hong, Hojoung Lee
In this study, a novel plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), the bacterial strain Paenibacillus pabuli P7S (PP7S), showed promising plant growth-promoting effects. Furthermore, it induced anthocyanin accumulation in Arabidopsis. When co-cultivated with PP7S, there was a significant increase in anthocyanin content and biomass of Arabidopsis seedlings compared with those of the control. The quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed higher expression of many key genes regulating anthocyanin and flavonoid biosynthesis pathways in PP7S-treated seedlings when compared with that of the control...
June 1, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Ji Seong Kim, Jeong Eun Lee, Hualin Nie, Yong Jae Lee, Sun Tae Kim, Sun-Hyung Kim
In this study, the effects of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR), Bacillus sp. JS on the growth of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum 'Xanthi') and lettuce (Lactuca sativa 'Crispa'), were evaluated by comparing various growth parameters between plants treated with the bacterium and those exposed to water or nutrient broth as control. In both tobacco and lettuce, fresh weight and length of shoots were increased upon exposure to Bacillus sp. JS. To explain the overall de novo expression of plant proteins by bacterial volatiles, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was performed on samples from PGPR-treated tobacco plants...
February 2018: Genes & Genomics
G Vinayarani, H S Prakash
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and endophytic bacteria were isolated from different varieties of turmeric ( Curcuma longa L.) from South India. Totally 50 strains representing, 30 PGPR and 20 endophytic bacteria were identified based on biochemical assays and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The isolates were screened for antagonistic activity against Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp., and Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn., causing rhizome rot and leaf blight diseases in turmeric, by dual culture and liquid culture assays...
June 2018: Plant Pathology Journal
Sunetra Sen, Daipayan Ghosh, Sridev Mohapatra
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a diverse group of beneficial soil bacteria that help plants in myriad ways. They are implicated in the processes of general growth and development, as well as stress mitigation. Although the physiology of plant-PGPR interaction for abiotic stress tolerance has been well reported, the underlying molecular mechanisms in this phenomenon are not clearly understood. Among the many endogenous molecules that have been reported to impart abiotic stress tolerance in plants are a group of aliphatic amines called polyamines...
May 31, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Shi-Lei Sun, Wen-Long Yang, Wen-Wan Fang, Yun-Xiu Zhao, Ling Guo, Yi-Jun Dai
Variovorax is a metabolically diverse genus of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) that engages in mutually beneficial interactions between plants and microbes. Unlike most PGPR, Variovorax cannot synthesize the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) via tryptophan. However, we found that V. boronicumulans strain CGMCC 4969 could produce IAA using indole-3-acetonitrile (IAN) as the precursor. Thus, in the present study, the IAA synthesis mechanism of V. boronicumulans CGMCC 4969 was investigated. V...
June 8, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Khalid Abdallah Hussein, Jin Ho Joo
Salinity stress is one of an important environmental problem that adversely affects crop production by reducing the plant growth. The impacts of rhizobacterial strains to alleviate the salinity stress on the germination of Lactuca sativa and Raphanus sativus seeds were assessed using different concentrations of NaCl. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains were also examined to improve the early germination of Chinese cabbage seeds under normal conditions. Lactobacillus sp. and P. putida inoculation showed higher radicle length compared to non-inoculated radish ( Raphanus sativus ) seeds...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Ana Zuniga, Francisco De la Fuente, Fernan Federici, Corinne Lionne, Jerome Bonnet, Victor de Lorenzo, Bernardo Gonzalez
The environmental effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have encouraged the quest for new strategies to increase crop productivity with minimal impacts on the natural medium. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can contribute to this endeavor by improving fitness through better nutrition acquisition and stress tolerance. Using the neutral (non PGPR) rhizobacterium Cupriavidus pinatubonensis JMP134 as the host, we engineered a regulatory forward loop that triggered the synthesis of the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in a manner dependent on quorum sensing (QS) signals...
May 10, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
Muhammad Naeem, Zubair Aslam, Abdul Khaliq, Jam Nazir Ahmed, Ahmad Nawaz, Mubshar Hussain
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria increase plant growth and give protection against insect pests and pathogens. Due to the negative impact of chemical pesticides on environment, alternatives to these chemicals are needed. In this scenario, the biological methods of pest control offer an eco-friendly and an attractive option. In this study, the effect of two plant growth promoting rhizobacterial strains (Bacillus sp. strain 6 and Pseudomonas sp. strain 6K) on aphid population and wheat productivity was evaluated in an aphid susceptible (Pasban-90) and resistant (Inqlab-91) wheat cultivar...
April 24, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Souhir Abdelkrim, Salwa H Jebara, Omar Saadani, Manel Chiboub, Ghassen Abid, Moez Jebara
In search of efficient and resistant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains with multiple activities, a total of twelve bacterial belonging to R. leguminosarum, S. meliloti, Pseudomonas sp., P. fluorescens, Luteibacter sp., Variovorax sp., B. simplex, and B. megaterium were isolated from root nodules of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) grown in contaminated soils. Upon screening, all test strains were able to synthesize indoleacetic acid; more than 90% were siderophore producers and 75% showed varying levels of phosphate solubilizing ability...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Zhenghua Li, Xiaoming Li, Qiangcheng Zeng, Mei Chen, Dan Liu, Jihua Wang, Liang Shen, Feng Song
Pseudomonas chlororaphis Lzh-T5 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) with antimicrobial activity isolated from tomato rhizosphere in the city of Dezhou, Shandong Province, China. Here, the draft genome sequence of P. chlororaphis Lzh-T5 is reported, and several functional genes related to antifungal antibiotics and siderophore biosynthesis have been found in the genome.
May 3, 2018: Genome Announcements
Haichao Feng, Nan Zhang, Wenbin Du, Huihui Zhang, Yunpeng Liu, Ruixin Fu, Jiahui Shao, Guishan Zhang, Qi-Rong Shen, Ruifu Zhang
Chemotaxis-mediated response to root exudates, initiated by sensing-specific ligands through methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCPs), is very important for root colonization and beneficial functions of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs). Systematic identification of chemoattractants in complex root exudates and their sensing chemoreceptors in PGPRs is helpful for enhancing their recruitment and colonization. In this study, 39 chemoattractants and 5 chemorepellents, including amino acids, organic acids and sugars, were identified from 98 tested components of root exudates for the well-studied PGPR strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9...
May 1, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Daniela C Sabaté, Carolina Pérez Brandan, Gabriela Petroselli, Rosa Erra-Balsells, M Carina Audisio
Bacillus sp. B19, Bacillus sp. P12 and B. amyloliquefaciens B14 were isolated from soils of Salta province, and PGPR properties on the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cv. Alubia and antagonistic activity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum were studied. It was determined that B19 and P12 increased crop germination potential (GP) from the common bean by 14.5% compared to control seeds; these strains also increased root length (10.4 and 15%, respectively) and stem length (20.2 and 30%, respectively) compared to the control; however, as for the B14 strain, no increases in growth parameters were detected...
June 2018: Microbiological Research
Roberta M Santos, Saveetha Kandasamy, Everlon Cid Rigobelo
Mineral and organic fertilization can be optimized by using rhizobacteria which increases dry matter, yield, and nutrients in the soil and plant, among the other biological inputs. However, the discovery of single microbes or a consortium that can benefit plants has been a challenge. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus combined with mineral fertilization and sugar and alcohol industry by-products in presprouted and the initial growth phase of sugar cane seedlings...
April 13, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Alejandro Hernández-Morales, Ramón-Alvar Martínez-Peniche, Jackeline-Lizzeta Arvizu-Gómez, Sofía-María Arvizu-Medrano, Areli Rodríguez-Ontiveros, Miguel-Angel Ramos-López, Juan-Ramiro Pacheco-Aguilar
Bacillus sp. strain MA04 a plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) showed hemolytic activity on blood agar plates, and the supernatant from liquid culture in nutrient broth at 24 h exhibited emulsification activity, suggesting the production of biosurfactants. In antagonist assays, the supernatant showed antifungal activity against phytopathogenic fungi such as Penicillium expansum , Fusarium stilboides , Sclerotium rolfsii y Rhizoctonia solani , finding a reduction of mycelial growth of all fungi tested, ranging from 35 to 69%, this activity was increased with time of culture, accomplishing percentages of inhibition up to 85% with supernatants obtained at 72 h...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Asfa Rizvi, Mohd Saghir Khan
Heavy metals are one of the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect the quantity and nutritive value of maize. Microbial management involving the use of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) is a promising inexpensive strategy for metal clean up from polluted soils. Considering these, metal tolerant plant growth promoting nitrogen fixing rhizobacterial strain CAZ3 identified by 16SrRNA gene sequence analysis as Azotobacter chroococcum was recovered from metal polluted chilli rhizosphere. When exposed to varying levels of metals, A...
August 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Viktorija Eisinaite, Patricia Duque Estrada, Karin Schroën, Claire Berton-Carabin, Daiva Leskauskaite
The role of the lipophilic surfactant, polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) in water transfer in food-grade double emulsions was investigated, and related to physical emulsion stability. Double (W/O/W) emulsions were prepared with various PGPR concentrations (0.5-5.0 wt%) in the oil phase, at initial osmotic pressure differences of up to 1.1 MPa between the water phases. At high PGPR concentrations (>2 wt%), emulsions showed good physical stability, with encapsulation efficiency close to 100%. It was found that PGPR is involved in water transfer between the water phases through reverse micelle formation by PGPR molecules or hydrated monomers of PGPR, and this allows for controlled swelling...
April 2018: Food Research International
Krishnendu Pramanik, Soumik Mitra, Anumita Sarkar, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Heavy metal resistant PGPR mediated bioremediation, phytostimulation and stress alleviation is an eco-friendly method for sustainable agriculture in the metal contaminated soil. The isolation of such PGPR is highly demanding to reduce heavy metals in contaminated cultivated fields for agricultural benefit. The present study was successful to isolate a potent multi-heavy metal resistant PGPR strain, identified as Enterobacter aerogenes strain K6 based on MALDI-TOF MS, FAME analysis and 16S rDNA sequence homology, from rice rhizosphere contaminated with a variety of heavy metals/metalloid near industrial area...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
July 30, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Cao Son Trinh, Hyeri Lee, Won Je Lee, Seok Jin Lee, Namhyun Chung, Juhyeong Han, Jongyun Kim, Suk-Whan Hong, Hojoung Lee
Pseudomonas nitroreducens: strain IHB B 13561 (PnIHB) enhances the growth of Arabidopsis thaliana and Lactuca sativa via the stimulation of cell development and nitrate absorption. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) enhance plant development through various mechanisms; they improve the uptake of soil resources by plants to greatly promote plant growth. Here, we used Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings and Lactuca sativa to screen the growth enhancement activities of a purified PGPR, Pseudomonas nitroreducens strain IHB B 13561 (PnIHB)...
June 2018: Plant Cell Reports
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