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Roberta M Santos, Saveetha Kandasamy, Everlon Cid Rigobelo
Mineral and organic fertilization can be optimized by using rhizobacteria which increases dry matter, yield, and nutrients in the soil and plant, among the other biological inputs. However, the discovery of single microbes or a consortium that can benefit plants has been a challenge. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus combined with mineral fertilization and sugar and alcohol industry by-products in presprouted and the initial growth phase of sugar cane seedlings...
April 13, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Alejandro Hernández-Morales, Ramón-Alvar Martínez-Peniche, Jackeline-Lizzeta Arvizu-Gómez, Sofía-María Arvizu-Medrano, Areli Rodríguez-Ontiveros, Miguel-Angel Ramos-López, Juan-Ramiro Pacheco-Aguilar
Bacillus sp. strain MA04 a plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) showed hemolytic activity on blood agar plates, and the supernatant from liquid culture in nutrient broth at 24 h exhibited emulsification activity, suggesting the production of biosurfactants. In antagonist assays, the supernatant showed antifungal activity against phytopathogenic fungi such as Penicillium expansum , Fusarium stilboides , Sclerotium rolfsii y Rhizoctonia solani , finding a reduction of mycelial growth of all fungi tested, ranging from 35 to 69%, this activity was increased with time of culture, accomplishing percentages of inhibition up to 85% with supernatants obtained at 72 h...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Asfa Rizvi, Mohd Saghir Khan
Heavy metals are one of the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect the quantity and nutritive value of maize. Microbial management involving the use of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) is a promising inexpensive strategy for metal clean up from polluted soils. Considering these, metal tolerant plant growth promoting nitrogen fixing rhizobacterial strain CAZ3 identified by 16SrRNA gene sequence analysis as Azotobacter chroococcum was recovered from metal polluted chilli rhizosphere. When exposed to varying levels of metals, A...
March 29, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Viktorija Eisinaite, Patricia Duque Estrada, Karin Schroën, Claire Berton-Carabin, Daiva Leskauskaite
The role of the lipophilic surfactant, polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) in water transfer in food-grade double emulsions was investigated, and related to physical emulsion stability. Double (W/O/W) emulsions were prepared with various PGPR concentrations (0.5-5.0 wt%) in the oil phase, at initial osmotic pressure differences of up to 1.1 MPa between the water phases. At high PGPR concentrations (>2 wt%), emulsions showed good physical stability, with encapsulation efficiency close to 100%. It was found that PGPR is involved in water transfer between the water phases through reverse micelle formation by PGPR molecules or hydrated monomers of PGPR, and this allows for controlled swelling...
April 2018: Food Research International
Krishnendu Pramanik, Soumik Mitra, Anumita Sarkar, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Heavy metal resistant PGPR mediated bioremediation, phytostimulation and stress alleviation is an eco-friendly method for sustainable agriculture in the metal contaminated soil. The isolation of such PGPR is highly demanding to reduce heavy metals in contaminated cultivated fields for agricultural benefit. The present study was successful to isolate a potent multi-heavy metal resistant PGPR strain, identified as Enterobacter aerogenes strain K6 based on MALDI-TOF MS, FAME analysis and 16S rDNA sequence homology, from rice rhizosphere contaminated with a variety of heavy metals/metalloid near industrial area...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
March 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Cao Son Trinh, Hyeri Lee, Won Je Lee, Seok Jin Lee, Namhyun Chung, Juhyeong Han, Jongyun Kim, Suk-Whan Hong, Hojoung Lee
Pseudomonas nitroreducens: strain IHB B 13561 (PnIHB) enhances the growth of Arabidopsis thaliana and Lactuca sativa via the stimulation of cell development and nitrate absorption. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) enhance plant development through various mechanisms; they improve the uptake of soil resources by plants to greatly promote plant growth. Here, we used Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings and Lactuca sativa to screen the growth enhancement activities of a purified PGPR, Pseudomonas nitroreducens strain IHB B 13561 (PnIHB)...
March 14, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
Yu Cao, Hualiang Pi, Pete Chandrangsu, Yongtao Li, Yuqi Wang, Han Zhou, Hanqin Xiong, John D Helmann, Yanfei Cai
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) provide an effective and environmentally sustainable method to protect crops against pathogens. The spore-forming Bacilli are attractive PGPR due to their ease of storage and application. Here, we characterized two rhizosphere-associated Bacillus velezensis isolates (Y6 and F7) that possess strong antagonistic activity against Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum under both laboratory and greenhouse conditions. We identified three lipopeptide (LP) compounds (surfactin, iturin and fengycin) as responsible for the antimicrobial activity of these two strains...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wafa Hassen, Mohamed Neifar, Hanene Cherif, Afef Najjari, Habib Chouchane, Rim C Driouich, Asma Salah, Fatma Naili, Amor Mosbah, Yasmine Souissi, Noura Raddadi, Hadda I Ouzari, Fabio Fava, Ameur Cherif
A number of Pseudomonas strains function as inoculants for biocontrol, biofertilization, and phytostimulation, avoiding the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Here, we present a new metabolically versatile plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium, Pseudomonas rhizophila S211, isolated from a pesticide contaminated artichoke field that shows biofertilization, biocontrol and bioremediation potentialities. The S211 genome was sequenced, annotated and key genomic elements related to plant growth promotion and biosurfactant (BS) synthesis were elucidated...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
A Novinscak, M Filion
AIM: This study was performed to identify bacterial isolates capable of enhancing total lipid and stearidonic acid (SDA) yields in Buglossoides arvensis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pot experiments were conducted to screen the effects of 40 bacterial isolates on different B. arvensis growth parameters. Five isolates increased total lipid and SDA yields by at least 20%. These isolates were tested in a second pot experiment and in field trials. The second pot experiment confirmed that all isolates significantly increased total lipid and SDA yields over controls...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Xiumei Song, Mengfei Wang, Li Dong, Huaimin Zhu, Jingwen Wang
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) and commensal microbes mediate pathogen infection outcomes in insect disease vectors. Although PGRP-LD is retained in multiple vectors, its role in host defense remains elusive. Here we report that Anopheles stephensi PGRP-LD protects the vector from malaria parasite infection by regulating gut homeostasis. Specifically, knock down of PGRP-LD (dsLD) increased susceptibility to Plasmodium berghei infection, decreased the abundance of gut microbiota and changed their spatial distribution...
February 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Priyanka Khati, Parul, Pankaj Bhatt, Nisha, Rajeew Kumar, Anita Sharma
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are key to soil and plant health maintenance. In the present study, two PGPR strains which were identified as Bacillus spp. (accession number KX650178 and KX650179) with nanozeolite (50 ppm) were applied to the seeds in different combinations and tested on growth profile of maize crop. Various growth related parameters, including plant height, leaf area, number of leaves chlorophyll and total protein were positively increased up to twofold by the nanocompound treatment...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Msizi I Mhlongo, Lizelle A Piater, Ntakadzeni E Madala, Nico Labuschagne, Ian A Dubery
Plant roots communicate with microbes in a sophisticated manner through chemical communication within the rhizosphere, thereby leading to biofilm formation of beneficial microbes and, in the case of plant growth-promoting rhizomicrobes/-bacteria (PGPR), resulting in priming of defense, or induced resistance in the plant host. The knowledge of plant-plant and plant-microbe interactions have been greatly extended over recent years; however, the chemical communication leading to priming is far from being well understood...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Aansa Rukya Saleem, Cecilia Brunetti, Azeem Khalid, Gianni Della Rocca, Aida Raio, Giovanni Emiliani, Anna De Carlo, Tariq Mahmood, Mauro Centritto
Drought is one of the major constraints limiting agricultural production worldwide and is expected to increase in the future. Limited water availability causes significant effects to plant growth and physiology. Plants have evolved different traits to mitigate the stress imposed by drought. The presence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could play an important role in improving plant performances and productivity under drought. These beneficial microorganisms colonize the rhizosphere of plants and increase drought tolerance by lowering ethylene formation...
2018: PloS One
Jonathan Andrade, Amanda J Wright, Milena Corredig
Double emulsions may be able to protect and release in a controlled manner bioactive compounds during digestion of food matrices. It was hypothesized that the physical state and solid content in the inner phases of water-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) emulsions may affect the overall stability and the release behavior of bioactives during in vitro digestion. Therefore, hydrophobic (phytosterols or Vitamin D3) and hydrophilic (Vitamin B12) molecules were incorporated in double emulsions prepared either with a liquid (soybean oil - SO) or oil-fat gel (soybean oil+trimyristin - STO) lipid phase and liquid internal aqueous phase...
March 2018: Food Research International
Srinivas Mettu, Chu Wu, Raymond R Dagastine
The dynamic collision of emulsified water drops in the presence of non-ionic surfactants plays a crucial role in many practical applications. Interaction force between water drops coated with non-ionic food grade surfactants is expected to exhibit rich dynamic behavior that is not yet explored. The collision forces between immobilized water drops in canola oil in the presence of a well-known food grade surfactant polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) are measured at concentrations well below typically used to form stable emulsions...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Maxime Nollet, Eric Laurichesse, Samantha Besse, Olivier Soubabere, Véronique Schmitt
Water-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) double emulsions stabilized by Polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR), a lipophilic food grade small polymer and sodium caseinate, a hydrophilic milk protein were developed to encapsulate Vitamin B12, a model hydrophilic substance easy to titrate. Using rheology, sensitive to drop size evolution and water fluxes, static light scattering and microscopy both giving the evolution of drops' size and Vitamin B12 titration assessing the encapsulation, we were able to detect independently, the double emulsion drop size, the encapsulation loss and the flux of water as a function of time...
February 6, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ao-Lei He, Shu-Qi Niu, Qi Zhao, Yong-Sheng Li, Jing-Yi Gou, Hui-Juan Gao, Sheng-Zhou Suo, Jin-Lin Zhang
Drought and soil salinity reduce agricultural output worldwide. Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can enhance plant growth and augment plant tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Haloxylon ammodendron, a C4 perennial succulent xerohalophyte shrub with excellent drought and salt tolerance, is naturally distributed in the desert area of northwest China. In our previous work, a bacterium strain numbered as M30-35 was isolated from the rhizosphere of H. ammodendron in Tengger desert, Gansu province, northwest China...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
A Castellano-Hinojosa, V Pérez-Tapia, E J Bedmar, N Santillana
AIMS: Purple corn (Zea mays var. purple amylaceum) is a native variety of the Peruvian Andes, cultivated at 3000 m since pre-Inca times without N fertilization. We aimed to isolate and identify native plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) for future microbial-based inoculants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of purple corn plants grown without N-fertilization in Ayacucho (Peru). The 16S rRNA gene clustered the 18 strains into 9 groups that contained species of Bacillus, Stenotrophomonas, Achromobacter, Paenibacillus, Pseudomonas and Lysinibacillus...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
K Paredes-Páliz, R Rodríguez-Vázquez, B Duarte, M A Caviedes, E Mateos-Naranjo, S Redondo-Gómez, M I Caçador, I D Rodríguez-Llorente, E Pajuelo
Pollution of coasts by toxic metals and metalloids is a worldwide problem for which phytoremediation using halophytes and associated microbiomes is becoming relevant. Metal(loid) excess is a constraint for plant establishment and development, and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) mitigate plant stress under these conditions. However, mechanisms underlying this effect remain elusive. The effect of toxic metal(loid)s on activity and gene expression of ROS-scavenging enzymes in roots of the halophyte Spartina densiflora grown on real polluted sediments in a greenhouse experiment was investigated...
May 2018: Plant Biology
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