Read by QxMD icon Read


Lorenzo Conte, Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola R Pugliese, Cristina Giannini, Salvatore La Carruba, Marco Angelillis, Paolo Spontoni, Marco De Carlo, Anna Sonia Petronio, Vitantonio Di Bello
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the prognostic role of left ventricular stiffness (LVS) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: We performed a complete two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic study before and after TAVI in patients with severe AS at high surgical risk. In order to assess LVS, we measured LV end-diastolic pressure (EDP) invasively during TAVI and LV end-diastolic volume (EDV) by means of echocardiography...
October 25, 2016: Echocardiography
Zuhair Ahmed, Jessie A Elliott, Sinead King, Claire L Donohoe, Narayanasamy Ravi, John V Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Benign anastomotic strictures occur frequently after esophagectomy, and impact on postoperative recovery, nutritional status, and quality of life. This large cohort study explored the incidence of stricture after transthoracic (2- and 3-stage) and transhiatal resections with uniform single-layer sutured anastomotic technique, and aimed to identify independent risk factors. METHODS: Patients undergoing esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction between February 2001 and October 2014 were studied prospectively...
October 24, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Marija Petrovic, Bihong Zhao, Manoj Thangam, Pranav Loyalka, L Maximilian Buja, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric
Ewing sarcoma is the second most prevalent malignant primary bone tumor but constitutes only a small proportion of cardiac metastases. We present a case of asymptomatic Ewing sarcoma metastatic to the right ventricle. A 36-year-old man presented for evaluation and resection of a pedunculated right ventricular cardiac tumor. Three years before, he had been diagnosed with translocation-negative Ewing sarcoma, for which he had undergone chemotherapy and amputation of the left leg below the knee. We resected the right ventricular tumor...
October 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Aukelien C Dimitriu-Leen, Arthur J H A Scholte, Spyridon Katsanos, Georgette E Hoogslag, Alexander R van Rosendael, Erik W van Zwet, Jeroen J Bax, Victoria Delgado
Two-dimensional echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is moderately correlated with infarct size and reflects the residual LV systolic function. This correlation may be influenced by the presence of myocardial ischemia. The present study investigated how myocardial ischemia modulates the correlation between LV GLS and infarct size determined with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with first STEMI treated with primary coronary intervention...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Murat Biteker, Kadir Kayataş, Özcan Başaran, Volkan Dogan, Eda Özlek, Bülent Özlek
BACKGROUND: Although an enlarged left atrium has recently emerged as a marker of adverse outcomes in various diseases, its discriminatory value and prognostic role in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are not well studied. We studied whether left atrial volume index (LAVI) predicts mortality and discriminates stroke subtypes after AIS. METHODS: We prospectively followed 310 consecutive first-ever AIS patients aged 50 years or older who were admitted to the hospital within 24 hours of the onset of stroke symptoms...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Stefano Strano, Alessandra Fanciulli, Massimiliano Rizzo, Paolo Marinelli, Paolo Palange, Dorina Tiple, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Giovanni Calcagnini, Federica Censi, Giuseppe Meco, Carlo Colosimo
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of Parkinson's disease (PD) includes a wide spectrum of non-motor features, including cardiovascular autonomic failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiovascular autonomic status and cardiac functional capacity in drug-naïve PD patients. METHODS: 18 newly-diagnosed PD patients underwent laboratory cardiovascular autonomic function tests using power spectral analysis of the R-R interval, blood pressure (BP) short-term variability and non-invasive baroreflex sensitivity (BRS)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Masato Kimura, Hisao Yaoita, Osam Adachi, Shigeo Kure
We describe the case of a 3-year-old girl who presented with a large, mobile, ball mass in the right atrium on routine transthoracic echocardiography at one year after an intraatrial repair. Considering the risk of pulmonary embolization, emergent surgery was successfully performed to remove the mass, and histopathological examination revealed that it was a ball thrombus with a fibrin clot.
October 6, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Jacob J Glaser, Cassandra Cardarelli, Samuel Galvagno, Thomas M Scalea, Sarah B Murthi
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound often includes cardiac ultrasound. It is commonly used to evaluate cardiac function in critically ill patients but lacks the specific quantitative anatomic assessment afforded by standard transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). We developed the Focused Rapid Echocardiographic Examination (FREE), a hybrid between a cardiac ultrasound and TTE that places an emphasis on cardiac function rather than anatomy. We hypothesized that data obtained from FREE correlate well with TTE while providing actionable information for clinical decision making...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Bingwen Zou, Jing Pang, Yongmei Liu, Yong Xu, Lu Li, Lin Zhou, Jiang Zhu, Meijuan Huang, Jin Wang, Li Ren, Youlin Gong, You Lu, Longqi Chen, Feng Peng
BACKGROUND: We compared the efficacy of postoperative chemoradiation (POCRT) and surgery alone (SA) in patients with stage II-III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: We analyzed the records of 265 patients with stage II-III ESCC who had undergone transthoracic esophagectomy and lymphadenectomy; 105 patients received POCRT, while 160 had SA. RESULTS: The median disease-free survival (DFS) of the whole cohort was 22 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 19...
September 2016: Thoracic Cancer
Michael M Dowling, Charles T Quinn, Claudio Ramaciotti, Julie Kanter, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo, Baba Inusa, Rathi Iyer, Janet L Kwiatkowski, Clarissa Johnson, Melissa Rhodes, William Owen, John J Strouse, Julie A Panepinto, Lynne Neumayr, Sharada Sarnaik, Patricia A Plumb, Nomazulu Dlamini, Fenella Kirkham, Linda S Hynan
'Paradoxical' embolization via intracardiac or intrapulmonary right-to-left shunts (RLS) is an established cause of stroke. Hypercoagulable states and increased right heart pressure, which both occur in sickle cell anaemia (SCA), predispose to paradoxical embolization. We hypothesized that children with SCA and overt stroke (SCA + stroke) have an increased prevalence of potential RLS. We performed contrasted transthoracic echocardiograms on 147 children (aged 2-19 years) with SCA + stroke) mean age 12·7 ± 4·8 years, 54·4% male) and a control group without SCA or stroke (n = 123; mean age 12·1 ± 4·9 years, 53·3% male)...
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Antonio Carlos Bandeira, José Magalhães Filho, Karine de Almeida Ramos
We describe a 32-yr old woman with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis that developed cardiomyopathy after 17 days of treatment with Deoxycholate Amphotericin-B (D-Amb) with reversal of the symptoms and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) findings after the drug had been stopped and switched to Fluconazole.
September 2016: Medical Mycology Case Reports
Thomas Günther Lesser, Carsten Boltze, Harald Schubert, Frank Wolfram
Background: In recent years, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has gained increasing clinical interest as a non-invasive method for local therapy of liver malignancies. HIFU treatment of tumours and metastases in the liver dome is limited due to the adjacent ultrasound blocking lung. One-lung flooding (OLF) enables complete sonography of lung and adjoining organs including liver. HIFU liver ablation passing through the flooded lung could enable a direct intercostal beam path and thus improve dose deposition in liver...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Mariusz Kowalewski, Pietro Giorgio Malvindi, Piotr Suwalski, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Wojciech Pawliszak, Damian Perlinski, Magdalena Ewa Kowalkowska, Janusz Kowalewski, Thierry Carrel, Lech Anisimowicz
Controversies remain on the increased rate of neurological events after small thoracotomy mitral valve surgery attributed to endoaortic balloon occlusion (EABO). Systematic literature search of databases identified 17 studies enrolling 6,643 patients comparing safety and effectiveness of EABO versus transthoracic clamp. In a meta-analysis, there was no difference in occurrence of cerebrovascular events, all-cause mortality, and kidney injury. EABO was associated with a significantly higher risk of iatrogenic aortic dissection (0...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Lucas Goense, Peter S N van Rossum, Jelle P Ruurda, Marco van Vulpen, Stella Mook, Gert J Meijer, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised regarding the toxicity of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for esophageal cancer that could contribute to an increased risk of postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the radiation dose to the gastric fundus on the risk of postoperative anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing nCRT followed by transthoracic esophagectomy. METHODS: Between January 2012 and July 2015, 97 consecutive patients who underwent nCRT followed by transthoracic esophagectomy were included in this single-center cohort study...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Mariann Gyöngyösi, Georgiana-Aura Giurgea, Bonni Syeda, Silvia Charwat, Beatrice Marzluf, Julia Mascherbauer, Andras Jakab, Abelina Zimba, Márta Sárközy, Noemi Pavo, Heinz Sochor, Senta Graf, Irene Lang, Gerald Maurer, Jutta Bergler-Klein
OBJECTIVE: The long-term (5-year) outcome of early (3-6 weeks after acute myocardial infarction [AMI], BM-MNC Early group) and late (3-4 months after AMI, BM-MNC Late group) combined (percutaneous intramyocardial and intracoronary) delivery of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) was evaluated in patients with ejection fractions (EF) between 30-45% post-AMI. METHODS: Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and hospitalization were recorded...
2016: PloS One
Annette Vegas
A basic understanding of evolving 3D technology enables the echocardiographer to master the new skills necessary to acquire, manipulate, and interpret 3D datasets. Single button activation of specific 3D imaging modes for both TEE and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) matrix array probes include (a) live, (b) zoom, (c) full volume (FV), and (d) color Doppler FV. Evaluation of regional LV wall motion by RT 3D TEE is based on a change in LV chamber subvolume over time from altered segmental myocardial contractility...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Ahmad S Azhar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in monitoring transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), in comparison with conventional technique using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).  Methods: A retrospective review of all cases of transcatheter closure of isolated ostium secundum ASDs operated from 2005 to 2015, at the Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Junji Kawada, Masaya Nishino, Yohei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Miho Okano, Kenichi Nagai, Masaki Okuyama, Yongkook Kim, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
Patients with esophageal cancer often have various comorbidities, and these sometimes limit treatment choices. We report a case of esophageal cancer surgically treated using laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy after chemoradiotherapy in an elderly man with interstitial lung disease. A 77-year-old man who had undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of esophageal cancer and interstitial lung disease. We diagnosed T4 esophageal cancer, and administered chemoradiotherapy...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Peter Kruzliak, Alexander Berezin, Alexander Kremzer, Tatyana Samura, Roman Benacka, Ioana Mozos, Emmanuel Egom, Luis Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical stress and inflammatory biomarkers relate to global contractility dysfunction; however, adding these biomarkers into a risk model constructed on clinical data does not improve its prediction value in chronic heart failure (CHF). AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether biomarkers predict declining of left ventricular global contractility function in diabetic patients with ischemia-induced CHF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively evolved 54 diabetic patients who had systolic or diastolic ischemia-induced CHF that was defined as left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45% or 46-55% respectively assessed by quantitative echocardiography and other conventional criteria according to current clinical guidelines...
September 1, 2016: Folia Medica
Alexander W Phillips, Barry Dent, Maziar Navidi, Arul Immanuel, S Michael Griffin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether trainee involvement in esophageal cancer resection is associated with adverse patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: Operative experience for surgical trainees is under threat. A number of factors have been implicated in this leading to fewer hours for training. Esophagogastric cancer training is particularly vulnerable due to the publication of individual surgeon results and a perception that dual consultant operating improves patient outcomes...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"