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Y-X Wang, Y-Q Li, Y Chen, C-H Zhang, Z Dong, Z Wang, S-N Zhao, C-H Li, P-L Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Orolingual angioedema (OA) is a rare clinical complication with a potentially fatal risk that occurs after the intravenous application of alteplase (rt-PA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this work is to investigate the related factors of OA in patients with acute ischemic stroke after the administration of intravenous thrombolytic therapy, to improve the predictive ability of OA during intravenous thrombolytic therapy, and to reduce the prevalence of complications...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
L Chen, J-Q Jiang, Y Zhang, H Feng
OBJECTIVE: As an initial step in exploring the feasibility of oral sulfhydryl as an adjuvant for improving nitrate ester tolerance, this study was designed to experimentally test the adjuvant therapy in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits with induced AS were randomly divided into four groups: AS group, AS + nitrate ester group, AS + nitrate ester tolerance group, and AS + drug combination group. Additionally, four equivalent groups with healthy New Zealand white rabbits without AS were also conformed...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
J Liu, S-K Zhang, J-M Luo, Q-Z Hu, W-Y Ma, S-Z Wu
OBJECTIVE:   To study changes in the cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) at different altitude area in healthy adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: CVR was tested using transcranial Doppler combined with CO2 inhalation, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to detect the regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2). Blood samples were collected, and the vasoactive substances in serum were detected using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In this study, 59 healthy adults were divided into 3 groups: low altitude group, medium altitude group and high altitude group...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Y-X Cao, Z-Q Wang, J-X Kang, K Liu, C-F Zhao, Y-X Guo, B-H Jiao
OBJECTIVE: It's of great significance to investigate the novel targets of drugs for the treatment of stroke. In this study, we explored the neuroprotective role of miR-424 in oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injuries in PC-12 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PC-12 cells were subjected to OGD stimulation to mimic ischemic injury. The expressions of miR-424 and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) were altered by transient transfection with miR-424 mimic, miR-424 inhibitor, pEX-MKP-1, or sh-MKP-1...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Q-M Wu, Y-N Guo, Y-Q Xu
OBJECTIVE: This aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in pancreatic lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pancreatic lesions after CT (or MRI) and EUS-FNA examination were retrospectively enrolled. Cytopathological diagnosis of pancreas tissue were obtained by surgery or EUS-FNA. Clinical follow-up results were used as golden standard for diagnosis of pancreatic lesions...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Z-S Zhang, J Wang, B-Q Zhu, L Ge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) UCA1 in the multiple myeloma (MM) development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In samples of MM, the expression of UCA1 and TGF-β was investigated using real-time PCR. UCA1 lentiviral small hairpin RNA (shRNA) was transfected in MM cell lines. CCK-8 and colony formation assay were used to detect cell lines proliferation. The cell apoptosis assay was conducted to detect cell apoptosis. Western blot was utilized to detect the protein level of TGF-β...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Y-Q Huang, Y Zou, R-J Zheng, X-D Ma
OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a multi-factorial blood disease with unknown pathogenesis. Histone H3K4 methylation was significantly reduced in ALL patients, whereas jumonji AT-rich interactive domain 1B (JARID1B) was the specific demethylase of H3K4me. This study explores the expression level of JARID1B in ALL patients and down-regulated JARID1B expression in ALL cells to explore the function of JARID1B in ALL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: JARID1B mRNA expression level in ALL patients was detected by Real-time PCR...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
W-B Kuang, Q -C Deng, C-T Deng, W-S Li, Y-G Zhang, S-W Shu, M-R Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer cell infiltration, migration, and proliferation significantly affect its curative effect. Stemness gene octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) upregulated in breast cancer tissue compared with normal control. MiRNA exhibits regulatory role in gene expression. This study adopted bioinformatics to predict the miRNA to regulate OCT4 gene and investigated its impact on breast cancer cell infiltration, migration, and proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MirBase database was analyzed to explore the potential miRNA in regulating OCT4 based on human OCT4 gene sequence...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
X Yang, W Zhang, S-Q Cheng, R-L Yang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) GACAT3 in invasion and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its effect on radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of GACAT3 and TIMP2 in cells and tissues of NSCLC were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The influence of GACAT3 on cell proliferation and the capacity of colony formation were estimated by MTT test and colony forming experiment respectively. Luciferase reporting assay was used to confirm the correlation between GACAT3 and TIMP2...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
D-W Wang, Y-Q Wang, H-S Shu
OBJECTIVE: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway participates in cell proliferation, cycle, and apoptosis. MiR-16 is down-regulated in the pituitary tumor. This study investigated the role and related mechanism of miR-16 on pituitary tumor proliferation, cycle, and apoptosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dual-luciferase reporter assay was conducted to demonstrate the targeted regulation between miR-16 and MEK1...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Charles Q Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Scientific American
Tanbir Ahmad, Amin Ismail, Siti A Ahmad, Khalilah A Khalil, Teik K Leo, Elmutaz A Awad, Jurhamid C Imlan, Awis Q Sazili
Actinidin was used to pretreat the bovine hide and ultrasonic wave (53 kHz and 500 W) was used for the time durations of 2, 4 and 6 h at 60 °C to extract gelatin samples (UA2, UA4 and UA6, respectively). Control (UAC) gelatin was extracted using ultrasound for 6 h at 60 °C without enzyme pretreatment. There was significant ( p < 0.05) increase in gelatin yield as the time duration of ultrasound treatment increased with UA6 giving the highest yield of 19.65%. Gel strength and viscosity of UAC and UA6 extracted gelatin samples were 627...
March 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Zahra Fakhroueian, Rouhollah Vahabpour, Mehdi Assmar, Alireza Massiha, Afshin Zahedi, Pegah Esmaeilzadeh, Fatemeh Katouzian, Sara Rezaei, Peyman Keyhanvar, Alireza Mozafari Dehshiri
Nanoformulations derived from fine porous ZnO quantum dot nanoparticles (QD NPs) can offer strong potential medical applications; especially in cancer therapy. ZnO QD NPs was synthesized by sol-gel hydrothermal process, fast cold quenching and further smart surface functionalization methods to obtain ultrasmall size (1-4 nm) NPs. ZnO nanopolymer, a wetting agent, PEG co-solvent and water/oil emulsion stabilizer were considered in our nanofluid formulation. The resulting nanofluid was characterized by SEM, FTIR, photoluminescence, band gap energy, zeta potential and UV-Vis spectroscopy...
March 22, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
G Li, Q Luo, Z Lang, Y Li, A Wang, K Wang, Y Niu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pathological features and define the optimal surgical margins (SM) of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) for kidney neoplasms 4-7 cm (stage pT1b) on preoperative imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study included 748 patients who were diagnosed stage pT1b renal tumors and underwent either radical nephrectomy (RN, n = 475) or NSS (n = 273) from January 2004 to March 2017. The tumor size, pathological subtype, Fuhrman grade, status of peritumoral pseudocapsule (PC) and tumor multifocality were recorded...
March 21, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Ixora Kamisan Atan, Sylvia Lin, Hans Peter Dietz, Peter Herbison, Peter Donald Wilson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator ani muscle (LAM) and anal sphincter tears are common after vaginal birth and are associated with female pelvic organ prolapse and anal incontinence. The impact of subsequent births on LAM and external anal sphincter (EAS) integrity is less well defined. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of LAM and EAS trauma in primiparous (VP1) and multiparous (VP2+) women who had delivered vaginally to assess if there were differences between the two groups...
March 21, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
G J Ma, Q J Song, S G Markell, L L Qi
A novel rust resistance gene, R15 , derived from the cultivated sunflower HA-R8 was assigned to linkage group 8 of the sunflower genome using a genotyping-by-sequencing approach. SNP markers closely linked to R15 were identified, facilitating marker-assisted selection of resistance genes. The rust virulence gene is co-evolving with the resistance gene in sunflower, leading to the emergence of new physiologic pathotypes. This presents a continuous threat to the sunflower crop necessitating the development of resistant sunflower hybrids providing a more efficient, durable, and environmentally friendly host plant resistance...
March 21, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
R Q Graumam, M M Pinheiro, L E Nery, C H M Castro
A very high rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass was observed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Disease severity was associated with bone and muscle adverse outcomes, while age ≥ 63.5 years old, low lean mass, higher iPTH, and a T-score below - 2.5 were all associated with higher risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is frequently neglected in patients with COPD. We aimed at evaluating the rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass in patients with COPD...
March 21, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Mohammad Ghoreyshi, Ahmadreza Khalilian, Mohammadreza Peyman, Mohaddeseh Mohammadinia, Alireza Peyman
Purpose: To compare the performance of OKULIX ray-tracing software with SRK-T and Hoffer Q formula in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in patients presenting with cataract. Methods: In this prospective study, 104 eyes of 104 patients with cataract who underwent phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were recruited. Three IOL brands were used and for all eyes, IOL power calculation was performed using SRK-T, Hoffer Q formula and also OKULIX ray-tracing software...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Khadije Shirmohammadi, Sareh Sohrabi, Zahra Jafarzadeh Samani, Hosein Effatpanah, Reza Yadegarazari, Massoud Saidijam
Background: The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cellular processes such as growth, apoptosis, differentiation and proliferation verifies the importance of miRNAs in carcinogenesis. Moreover, levels of miRNAs are dysregulated in cancer cells, so they could be used as novel classes of biomarkers for diagnosing cancer. The oncogenic role of miR-106a and its increased expression have been demonstrated in some cancers. In contrast, there is no consensus for miR-9 expression rate in different cancers...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Yang Q Xia, Ren J Hua, Chen Juan, Zhou H Zhong, Cheng S Tao, Ren Fang, He Lin, Gong Rui, Chen Yong
Multidrug resistance (MDR) due to overexpression of MDR1 is a major obstacle that hinders the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we explored the function and underlying molecular mechanism of SIRT6 in MDR of HCC. Chemotherapeutic agents (doxorubicin, cisplatin, and sorafenib) treatment increased SIRT6 mRNA and protein level in two HCC cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. SIRT6 depletion resulted in decreased cell viability and increased apoptosis in HCC cells treated with chemotherapeutic agents...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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