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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241113/concentrating-molasses-distillery-wastewater-using-biomimetic-forward-osmosis-fo-membranes
#1
N Singh, I Petrinic, C Hélix-Nielsen, S Basu, M Balakrishnan
Treatment of sugarcane molasses distillery wastewater is challenging due to the presence of complex phenolic compounds (melanoidins and polyphenols) having antioxidant properties. Due to zero liquid discharge regulations, Indian distilleries continue to explore effective treatment options. This work examines the concentration of distillery wastewater by forward osmosis (FO) using aquaporin biomimetic membranes and magnesium chloride hexahydrate (MgCl2.6H2O) as draw solution. The operational parameters viz. feed solution and draw solution flow rate and draw solution concentration were optimized using 10% v/v melanoidins model feed solution...
December 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240770/emergence-of-melioidosis-in-the-indian-ocean-region-two-new-cases-and-a-literature-review
#2
Nicolas Allou, Olivier Martinet, Jérôme Allyn, Bruno Bouchet, Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Thomas Galas, Nicolas Traversier, Olivier Belmonte
Melioidosis is a disease caused by bacteria called B. pseudomallei. Infections can develop after contact with standing water. This disease can reach all the organs and especially the lungs. It is associated with a high mortality rate (up to 50%). Melioidosis is endemic in northern Australia and in Southeast Asia. Nevertheless, B. pseudomallei may be endemic in the Indian Ocean region and in Madagascar in particular, so clinicians and microbiologists should consider acute melioidosis as a differential diagnosis in the Indian Ocean region, in particular from Madagascar...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240766/estimated-clinical-impact-of-the-xpert-mtb-rif-ultra-cartridge-for-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-modeling-study
#3
Emily A Kendall, Samuel G Schumacher, Claudia M Denkinger, David W Dowdy
BACKGROUND: The Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) assay offers rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) but still suffers from imperfect sensitivity. The newer Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra cartridge has shown improved sensitivity in recent field trials, but at the expense of reduced specificity. The clinical implications of switching from the existing Xpert cartridge to the Xpert Ultra cartridge in different populations remain uncertain. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed a Markov microsimulation model of hypothetical cohorts of 100,000 individuals undergoing diagnostic sputum evaluation with Xpert for suspected pulmonary TB, in each of 3 emblematic settings: an HIV clinic in South Africa, a public TB center in India, and an adult primary care setting in China...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240028/genotype-phenotype-correlation-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-in-croatian-patients-a-specific-hbb-gene-mutations
#4
Jerko Vucak, Daniel Turudic, Danko Milosevic, Marko Bilic, Zrinko Salek, Martina Rincic, Ernest Bilic
An analysis of genotype-phenotype correlation was performed for 14 patients with beta-thalassemia who had been registered in Referral Centre for hematology and oncology of the University Hospital Centre, Zagreb, Croatia. HBB gene mutations were determined using a gene-specific Q5 High-Fidelity PCR analysis with direct DNA sequencing of amplified transcripts. Mahidol score index used for classification of thalassemia severity was found to be low for all the patients enrolled in the study, indicating a mild β-thalassemia phenotype with no signs of disease progression...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239791/in%C3%A2-vitro-flowering-in-oldenlandia-umbellata-l
#5
Shuvra Kanta Behera, Chandrasekaran Rajasekaran, S Payas, Devanand P Fulzele, C George Priya Doss, Ramamoorthy Siva
BACKGROUND: Oldenlandia umbellata L. (Indian madder) is an antique Ayurvedic Indian herb and a source of various anthraquinone derivatives. The red dye from its roots has been used in diverse applications since ancient times. OBJECTIVES: To establish reliable and effective protocols for in vitro flowering of O. umbellata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For in vitro flowering, organogenic calli were subcultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) (0...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238878/offal-dumping-sites-influence-the-relative-abundance-and-roosting-site-selection-of-black-kites-milvus-migrans-govinda-in-urban-landscape-a-study-from-kolkata-metropolis-india
#6
Subhendu Mazumdar, Dipankar Ghose, Goutam Kumar Saha
Although Black Kites (Milvus migrans govinda) serve as major scavenging raptor in most of the urban areas, scientific studies on this important ecosystem service provider are almost non-existent in Indian context. The present study was carried out in a metropolis in eastern India to find out the factors influencing relative abundance and roosting site selection of Black Kites. Separate generalized linear models (GLMs) were performed considering encounter rate and roosting Black Kite abundance as response variables...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237895/j-b-s-haldane-and-journal-of-genetics
#7
Veena Rao
This is a brief sketch of the history of Journal of Genetics from its beginning in 1909 to the taking over of its publication by the Indian Academy of Sciences in 1985. The account is centred on J. B. S. Haldane's involvement with it over many years, especially as Editor, initially in the UK and later in India.
November 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237890/becoming-an-indian
#8
Ramachandra Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237685/identity-by-descent-mapping-identifies-major-locus-for-serum-triglycerides-in-amerindians-largely-explained-by-an-apoc3-founder-mutation
#9
Wen-Chi Hsueh, Anup K Nair, Sayuko Kobes, Peng Chen, Harald H H Göring, Toni I Pollin, Alka Malhotra, William C Knowler, Leslie J Baier, Robert L Hanson
BACKGROUND: Identity-by-descent mapping using empirical estimates of identity-by-descent allele sharing may be useful for studies of complex traits in founder populations, where hidden relationships may augment the inherent genetic information that can be used for localization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through identity-by-descent mapping, using ≈400 000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), of serum lipid profiles, we identified a major linkage signal for triglycerides in 1007 Pima Indians (LOD=9...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237471/correlates-of-occupational-leisure-and-total-sitting-time-in-working-adults-results-from-the-singapore-multi-ethnic-cohort
#10
Léonie Uijtdewilligen, Jason Dean-Chen Yin, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the health risks of sitting is accumulating. However, research identifying factors influencing sitting time in adults is limited, especially in Asian populations. This study aimed to identify socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in a sample of Singapore working adults. METHODS: Data were collected between 2004 and 2010 from participants of the Singapore Multi Ethnic Cohort (MEC). Medical exclusion criteria for cohort participation were cancer, heart disease, stroke, renal failure and serious mental illness...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237280/socioeconomic-determinants-of-the-utilization-of-antenatal-care-and-child-vaccination-in-india
#11
Mohd Zuhair, Ram Babu Roy
Antenatal care and child vaccination services are adopted worldwide to reduce the risk of child mortality, maternal mortality, and burden of infectious diseases. This article examines the effect of socioeconomic factors on the utilization of antenatal care and child vaccination services in India. The generalized linear model has been used along with the Indian National Family Health Survey data for the period 2005-2006. The analysis shows that the health insurance plan has a significant effect on the use of antenatal care but not in the child vaccination...
November 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236582/heavy-metals-in-eggs-and-chicken-and-the-associated-human-health-risk-assessment-in-the-mining-areas-of-singhbhum-copper-belt-india
#12
Soma Giri, Abhay Kumar Singh
Metal contamination was studied in locally rearing chicken and eggs in the environs of mining areas of Singhbhum copper belt. Concentrations of metals were below Indian standards except for Cu, Ni and Zn in the case of chicken at some locations. Estimated daily intake (EDI) and target hazard quotient (THQ) suggested that the metals did not pose risk individually. However, considering the geometric mean of the metals, hazard index (HI) was above unity. Cu, Pb and Co were the key components contributing to a potential noncarcinogenic risk...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235937/the-impact-of-genetically-modified-gm-crops-in-modern-agriculture-a-review
#13
Ruchir Raman
Genetic modification in plants was first recorded 10,000 years ago in Southwest Asia where humans first bred plants through artificial selection and selective breeding. Since then, advancements in agriculture science and technology have brought about the current GM crop revolution. GM crops are promising to mitigate current and future problems in commercial agriculture, with proven case studies in Indian cotton and Australian canola. However, controversial studies such as the Monarch Butterfly study (1999) and the Séralini affair (2012) along with current problems linked to insect resistance and potential health risks have jeopardised its standing with the public and policymakers, even leading to full and partial bans in certain countries...
December 13, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234602/neutralization-of-naja-naja-venom-induced-lethality-edema-and-myonecrosis-by-ethanolic-root-extract-of-coix-lacryma-jobi
#14
K S Rajesh, B R Bharath, C V Rao, K I Bhat, K S Chandrashekhar Bhat, Pritesh Bhat
Coix lacryma-jobi, commonly known as job's tear, is a tall grain-bearing tropical plant of the family Poaceae. The ethanolic root extract (ERE) of the plant was investigated for the first time for anti-venom activity against Indian cobra Naja naja venom. In-vitro studies were conducted to determine neutralization of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity of the Naja naja venom by the ERE. ERE showed significant inhibition of PLA2 activity, which was further confirmed from effective neutralization of human red blood cells (HRBC) lysis induced by the venom...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234282/effect-of-methanolic-extract-of-dandelion-roots-on-cancer-cell-lines-and-amp-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#15
Gauhar Rehman, Muhammad Hamayun, Amjad Iqbal, Sumera Afzal Khan, Hamayoon Khan, Adeeb Shehzad, Abdul Latif Khan, Anwar Hussain, Ho-Youn Kim, Jamshaid Ahmad, Ayaz Ahmad, Abid Ali, In-Jung Lee
Ethnomedicinal knowledge of plant-derived bioactives could help us in discovering new therapeutic compounds of great potential. Certainly, dandelion has been used in traditional ethno-medicinal systems (i.e., Chinese, Arabian, Indian, and Native American) to treat different types of cancer. Though, dandelion is highly vigorous, but the potential mode of action is still unclear. In the current study, the antiproliferative activity of methanolic extracts of dandelion root (MEDr) on cell viability of HepG2, MCF7, HCT116, and normal Hs27 was investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234195/simple-anthropometric-indices-are-useful-for-predicting-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-in-asian-indians
#16
Ayaskanta Singh, Sasmita Parida, Jimmy Narayan, Preetam Nath, Pradeep K Padhi, Girish K Pati, Prasanta K Parida, Chudamani Meher, Omprakash Agrawal, Shivaram P Singh
Background and aims: With the rising prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disorder in both developed and developing nations. Several studies on NAFLD have described waist circumference, a surrogate marker of visceral fat accumulation and waist height ratio as a better screening tool for NAFLD and metabolic syndrome than body mass index (BMI). We conducted this study to assess simple abdominal obesity indices as a predictor of NAFLD and determine the appropriate cut-off levels with reference to NAFLD...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234183/lymph-node-enlargement-in-neck-filariasis-as-a-rare-cause-a-case-report
#17
Rindu Raveendran
Lymphatic filariasis is endemic to tropical countries and is the most common cause of acquired lymphedema in the world. Wuchereria bancrofti is the main etiological agent responsible. While the presentation of filariasis in limbs is common, isolated presentation as a single enlarged lymph node in the neck is very rare. We describe a 48-year-old Indian woman, who presented with a hard lymph node in the neck. There was no other significant lymph node enlargement. The overlying skin was erythematous, and no other findings were present on examination...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234082/rebound-of-cotton-leaf-curl-multan-virus-and-its-exclusive-detection-in-cotton-leaf-curl-disease-outbreak-punjab-india-2015
#18
Sibnarayan Datta, Raghvendra Budhauliya, Bidisha Das, Reji Gopalakrishnan, Sonika Sharma, Soumya Chatterjee, Vanlalhmuaka, P Srinivas Raju, Vijay Veer
Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) outbreaks caused by CLCuD associated begomoviruses (CABs) significantly constrain cotton production in India and Pakistan. In comparison to the CABs circulating in Pakistan, molecular epidemiology, evolution and recombination patterns of CABs circulating in India are less studied. In this work, we characterized CAB complex sequences obtained from the most recent outbreak (Punjab, India, 2015), and rigorously analyzed them with reference to GenBank sequences, submitted from India, Pakistan and other neighbouring countries, using contemporary bioinformatics approaches...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233967/whole-genome-sequencing-for-an-enhanced-understanding-of-genetic-variation-among-south-africans
#19
Ananyo Choudhury, Michèle Ramsay, Scott Hazelhurst, Shaun Aron, Soraya Bardien, Gerrit Botha, Emile R Chimusa, Alan Christoffels, Junaid Gamieldien, Mahjoubeh J Sefid-Dashti, Fourie Joubert, Ayton Meintjes, Nicola Mulder, Raj Ramesar, Jasper Rees, Kathrine Scholtz, Dhriti Sengupta, Himla Soodyall, Philip Venter, Louise Warnich, Michael S Pepper
The Southern African Human Genome Programme is a national initiative that aspires to unlock the unique genetic character of southern African populations for a better understanding of human genetic diversity. In this pilot study the Southern African Human Genome Programme characterizes the genomes of 24 individuals (8 Coloured and 16 black southeastern Bantu-speakers) using deep whole-genome sequencing. A total of ~16 million unique variants are identified. Despite the shallow time depth since divergence between the two main southeastern Bantu-speaking groups (Nguni and Sotho-Tswana), principal component analysis and structure analysis reveal significant (p < 10-6) differentiation, and FST analysis identifies regions with high divergence...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233639/role-of-the-functional-polymorphism-of-survivin-gene-31g-c-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-a-north-indian-population
#20
Ishrat Rasool, Dil Afroze, Khursheed Alam Wani, Adfar Yousuf, Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Rah, Sheeraz Un Nazir, Showket Hussain, Shweta Dubey
INTRODUCTION: Survivin is an apoptosis inhibitor and plays a primary role in cancer development and progression. One of the most common polymorphism of the survivin promoter -31G/C (rs9904341) influences its expression and is associated with the risk of cancer development. This study was conducted to explore survivin promoter gene -31G/C (rs9904341) polymorphism and the risk of breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group included 190 pathologically confirmed breast cancer patients, in addition to 200 distinct cancer-free controls from Jammu and Kashmir region of India, where breast cancer is the most common cancer in women...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
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