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Stroke and predictive outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334329/predictive-value-of-metabolic-syndrome-definitions-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-with-st-segment-elevation-are-they-all-the-same
#1
Milan Branko Lovic, Lidija Savic, Dragan Matic, Dragan Djordjevic, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Ivan Tasic
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the predictive power of metabolic syndrome (MS) definitions on the prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI). METHODS: We prospectively included 507 patients with STEMI who were admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention and could be identified for MS using the AHA-NHLBI, NCEP-ATP III and IDF definitions. After applying these criteria, we divided the group in patients with MS and without MS; we compared baseline characteristics, clinical findings and outcomes among these patients...
January 15, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331631/the-edinburgh-ct-and-genetic-diagnostic-criteria-for-lobar-intracerebral-haemorrhage-associated-with-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-model-development-and-diagnostic-test-accuracy-study
#2
Mark A Rodrigues, Neshika Samarasekera, Christine Lerpiniere, Catherine Humphreys, Mark O McCarron, Philip M White, James A R Nicoll, Cathie L M Sudlow, Charlotte Cordonnier, Joanna M Wardlaw, Colin Smith, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman
BACKGROUND: Identification of lobar spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is important because it is associated with a higher risk of recurrent intracerebral haemorrhage than arteriolosclerosis-associated intracerebral haemorrhage. We aimed to develop a prediction model for the identification of CAA-associated lobar intracerebral haemorrhage using CT features and genotype. METHODS: We identified adults with first-ever intracerebral haemorrhage diagnosed by CT, who died and underwent research autopsy as part of the Lothian IntraCerebral Haemorrhage, Pathology, Imaging and Neurological Outcome (LINCHPIN) study, a prospective, population-based, inception cohort...
January 10, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330443/an-insight-into-intestinal-mucosal-microbiota-disruption-after-stroke
#3
Dragana Stanley, Robert J Moore, Connie H Y Wong
Recent work from our laboratory has provided evidence that indicates selective bacterial translocation from the host gut microbiota to peripheral tissues (i.e. lung) plays a key role in the development of post-stroke infections. Despite this, it is currently unknown whether mucosal bacteria that live on and interact closely with the host intestinal epithelium contribute in regulating bacterial translocation after stroke. Here, we found that the microbial communities within the mucosa of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) were significantly different between sham-operated and post-stroke mice at 24 h following surgery...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329538/peripheral-blood-gene-expression-signatures-which-reflect-smoking-and-aspirin-exposure-are-associated-with-cardiovascular-events
#4
James A Wingrove, Karen Fitch, Brian Rhees, Steven Rosenberg, Deepak Voora
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease and its sequelae are major causes of global mortality, and better methods are needed to identify patients at risk for future cardiovascular events. Gene expression analysis can inform on the molecular underpinnings of risk factors for cardiovascular events. Smoking and aspirin have known opposing effects on platelet reactivity and MACE, however their effects on each other and on MACE are not well described. METHODS: We measured peripheral blood gene expression levels of ITGA2B, which is upregulated by aspirin and correlates with platelet reactivity on aspirin, and a 5 gene validated smoking gene expression score (sGES) where higher expression correlates with smoking status, in participants from the previously reported PREDICT trial (NCT 00500617)...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325846/hospital-outcome-and-risk-indices-of-mortality-in-potential-candidates-for-transcatheter-procedures-results-from-a-european-registry
#5
Francesco Onorati, Giovanni Mariscalco, Daniel Reichart, Andrea Perrotti, Giuseppe Gatti, Marisa De Feo, Antonio Rubino, Giuseppe Santarpino, Fausto Biancari, Christian Detter, Francesco Santini, Giuseppe Faggian
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve/valve-in-ring procedures (TM-VIVoR) are increasing. The authors aimed to identify independent predictors for hospital mortality in redo mitral valve surgery as possible future selection criteria for TM-VIVoR. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter registry. SETTING: Tertiary university and community hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred and sixty patients (out of 920 enrolled) who are potentially candidates for TM-VIVoR undergoing redo-surgery...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325634/relationship-of-aging-and-incident%C3%A2-comorbidities-to-stroke-risk-in-patients%C3%A2-with-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Tze-Fan Chao, Gregory Y H Lip, Chia-Jen Liu, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Jo-Nan Liao, Fa-Po Chung, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: When assessing ischemic stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the CHA2DS2-VASc score is calculated based on the baseline risk factors, and the outcomes are determined after a follow-up period. However, the stroke risk in patients with AF does not remain static, and with time, patients get older and accumulate more comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that the "Delta CHA2DS2-VASc score," which reflects the change in score between baseline and follow-up, would be more predictive of ischemic stroke compared with the baseline CHA2DS2-VASc score...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321335/serum-hepatocyte-growth-factor-is-probably-associated-with-3-month-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
Zhengbao Zhu, Tan Xu, Daoxia Guo, Xinfeng Huangfu, Chongke Zhong, Jingyuan Yang, Aili Wang, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Yanbo Peng, Tian Xu, Jinchao Wang, Yingxian Sun, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is positively associated with poor prognosis of heart failure and myocardial infarction, and it can also predict the risk of ischemic stroke in population. The goal of this study was to investigate the association between serum HGF and prognosis of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 3027 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this post hoc analysis of the CATIS (China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke)...
January 10, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321236/midregional-proatrial-natriuretic-peptide-improves-risk-stratification-after-ischemic-stroke-association-with-mortality-and-cardioembolic-etiology
#8
Gian Marco De Marchis, Juliane Schneider, Anja Weck, Felix Fluri, Joachim Fladt, Christian Foerch, Beat Mueller, Andreas Luft, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Marcel Arnold, Mira Katan
OBJECTIVE: To validate midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) for outcome prediction and diagnosis of cardioembolic stroke etiology compared to established clinical variables. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter cohort study, we quantified MR-proANP levels in ischemic stroke patients within 24 hours of onset. Primary outcome measures were 90-day mortality, unfavorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score >2), and cardioembolic stroke etiology diagnosed during hospitalization...
January 10, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321107/can-i-send-this-patient-with-stroke-home-strategies-managing-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-stroke-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Bernard P Chang, Sara Rostanski, Joshua Willey, Benjamin Kummer, Eliza Miller, Mitchell Elkind
BACKGROUND: While transient ischemic attack and minor stroke (TIAMS) are common conditions evaluated in the emergency department (ED), there is controversy regarding the most effective and efficient strategies for managing them in the ED. Some patients are discharged after evaluation in the ED and cared for in the outpatient setting, while others remain in an observation unit without being admitted or discharged, and others experience prolonged and potentially costly inpatient admissions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317974/global-risk-score-and-clinical-syntax-score-as-predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-unprotected-left-main-percutaneous-catheter-intervention
#10
Lucky Cuenza, Marianne P Collado, James Ho Khe Sui
Background: Risk stratification is an important component of left main percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI) which has emerged as a feasible alternative to cardiac surgery. We sought to compare the clinical SYNTAX score and the global risk score in predicting outcomes of patients undergoing unprotected left main PCI in our institution. Methods: Clinical, angiographic and procedural characteristics of 92 patients who underwent unprotected left main PCI (mean age 62 ± 12...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317969/pulse-pressure-analysis-to-guide-intraoperative-phlebotomy-prior-to-cardiac-surgery
#11
Brian Schloss, Dmitry Tumin, Aymen Naguib, Julie Rice, Mark Galantowicz, Joseph D Tobias
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of the LiDCO-rapid™ during intraoperative phlebotomy in anesthetized children prior to surgery for congenital heart disease. Methods: After the induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation, baseline vital signs were recorded, along with pulse pressure variability (PPV) and stroke volume variability (SVV) from the LiDCO-rapid™ and cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317222/do-performance-measures-of-strength-balance-and-mobility-predict-quality-of-life-and-community-reintegration-after-stroke
#12
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317141/serum-levels-of-osteopontin-predict-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-severe-carotid-artery-stenosis
#13
Federico Carbone, Fabio Rigamonti, Fabienne Burger, Aline Roth, Maria Bertolotto, Giovanni Spinella, Bianca Pane, Domenico Palombo, Aldo Pende, Aldo Bonaventura, Luca Liberale, Alessandra Vecchié, Franco Dallegri, François Mach, Fabrizio Montecucco
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory mediators in the blood stream and within plaques are key determinants in atherogenesis. Here, we investigated serum osteopontin (OPN) as a potential predictor of poor outcome in patients with severe carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: Carotid plaques and serum were collected from patients asymptomatic (n=185) or symptomatic (n=40) for ischemic stroke. Plaques were stained for lipids, smooth muscle cells, neutrophils, M1 and M2 macrophage subsets and matrix metallopropteinase-9 (MMP-9)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316204/outcomes-of-intermediate-risk-patients-treated-with-transcatheter-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-veterans-affairs-healthcare-system-a-single-center-20-year-experience
#14
Santiago Garcia, Rosemary Kelly, Mackenzie Mbai, Sergey Gurevich, Brett Oestreich, Demetris Yannopoulos, Selcuk Adabag
BACKGROUND: Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was superior to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in the placement of aortic transcatheter valves (PARTNER) 2A trial (P2). The generalizability of the trial results to the broader population of patients with intermediate surgical risk remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of SAVR and TAVR among patients with intermediate surgical risk treated in the VA Healthcare System. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and outcomes on all SAVR (1987-2014) and TAVR procedures (2015-2017) performed at the Minneapolis VA Healthcare System...
January 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311270/revised-framingham-stroke-risk-score-nontraditional-risk-markers-and-incident-stroke-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#15
Peter Flueckiger, Will Longstreth, David Herrington, Joseph Yeboah
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on the performance of the revised Framingham Stroke Risk Score (R-FSRS) and the R-FSRS in conjunction with nontraditional risk markers. We compared the R-FSRS, original FSRS, and the Pooled Cohort Equation for stroke prediction and assessed the improvement in discrimination by nontraditional risk markers. METHODS: Six thousand seven hundred twelve of 6814 participants of the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) were included...
January 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311264/starting-sich-nomogram-to-predict-symptomatic-intracerebral-hemorrhage-after-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-stroke
#16
Manuel Cappellari, Gianni Turcato, Stefano Forlivesi, Cecilia Zivelonghi, Paolo Bovi, Bruno Bonetti, Danilo Toni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) is a rare but the most feared complication of intravenous thrombolysis for ischemic stroke. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for individualized prediction of sICH in intravenous thrombolysis-treated stroke patients included in the multicenter SITS-ISTR (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-International Stroke Thrombolysis Register). METHODS: All patients registered in the SITS-ISTR by 179 Italian centers between May 2001 and March 2016 were originally included...
January 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308673/glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#17
G Liu, J Geng
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between serum levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and stroke functional outcomes in a cohort of 286 patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: We prospectively studied 286 patients with AIS who were admitted within 24 h after the onset of symptoms. Serum levels of GFAP and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were measured at admission. The primary end point was stroke functional outcome among 1-year after stroke onset...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308208/early-versus-late-tracheostomy-after-decompressive-craniectomy-for-stroke
#18
Michael P Catalino, Feng-Chang Lin, Nathan Davis, Keith Anderson, Casey Olm-Shipman, J Dedrick Jordan
Background: Stroke patients requiring decompressive craniectomy are at high risk of prolonged mechanical ventilation and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Tracheostomy placement may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation. Predicting which patients will require tracheostomy and the optimal timing of tracheostomy remains a clinical challenge. In this study, the authors compare key outcomes after early versus late tracheostomy and develop a useful pre-operative decision-making tool to predict post-operative tracheostomy dependence...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306602/alpha-2-antiplasmin-arg407lys-polymorphism-and-cryptogenic-ischemic-cerebrovascular-events-association-with-neurological-deficit
#19
Joanna Wzorek, Marek Karpiński, Ewa Wypasek, Michał Michalski, Andrzej Szczudlik, Krzysztof Piotr Malinowski, Anetta Undas
OBJECTIVE: Genetic background of cryptogenic ischemic stroke (IS) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) remains uncertain. Alpha-2-antiplasmin (α2AP) Arg407Lys polymorphism has been shown to be less common in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) compared with healthy controls. We investigated associations of α2AP Arg407Lys polymorphism with cryptogenic IS and TIA. METHODS: We studied 165 consecutive Caucasian patients who experienced cryptogenic IS (n=123) or TIA (n=42)...
December 26, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306545/clinical-significance-of-ejection-dynamics-parameters-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-an-outcome-study
#20
Anne Ringle Griguer, Christophe Tribouilloy, Ariane Truffier, Anne-Laure Castel, François Delelis, Franck Levy, André Vincentelli, Yohann Bohbot, Sylvestre Maréchaux
BACKGROUND: Ejection dynamics parameters are useful in assessing prosthetic valve obstruction, but very limited data are available in the setting of native aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the prognostic value of acceleration time (AT) and the ratio of AT to ejection time (ET) in patients with AS. METHODS: AT and AT/ET were prospectively measured in 456 patients with AS (aortic valve area < 1.3 cm2; mean aortic valve area, 0...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
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