keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stroke and predictive outcomes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454124/influence-of-the-rehabilitation-outcome-on-returning-to-drive-after-neurological-impairment
#1
Urša Š Čižman, Gaj Vidmar, Petra Drnovšek
In traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke rehabilitation, the question of reintegration of the driver into traffic is faced very often. Driving is an important domain and for some patients, return to driving represents a crucial event for community inclusion. The aim of our study was to examine the utility of Glasgow Coma Scale within the first 24 h of injury and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) at rehabilitation admission for predicting the return to driving. We included 72 patients after TBI or stroke...
June 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449220/survival-functional-status-and-eating-ability-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-placement-for-acute-stroke
#2
Karl Meisel, Robert M Arnold, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, John Boscardin, Alexander K Smith
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term survival and independence of individuals with stroke and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A longitudinal nationally representative community-based sample of older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with stroke who had a PEG tube placed (N = 174, mean age 79, 51% female, 29% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Functional status before incident stroke was determined based on data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a national longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older adults, from 1993 to 2012...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447627/short-term-blood-pressure-variability-and-long-term-blood-pressure-variability-which-one-is-a-reliable-predictor-for-recurrent-stroke
#3
Y Tao, J Xu, B Song, X Xie, H Gu, Q Liu, L Zhao, Y Wang, Y Xu, Y Wang
The relationship between blood pressure variability (BPV) and stroke recurrence is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of short-term and long-term BPV for stroke recurrence. The data from blood pressure and clinical outcome in TIA or ischemic stroke (BOSS) study included participants with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 7 days after onset. Short-term BPV was measured by 24-h ambulatory BP measurement during hospitalisation. Long-term BPV, based on home blood pressure measurement, was measured by patients or their families from discharge to 90 days after qualifying events onset (twice daily)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446713/a-risk-prediction-model-for-post-stroke-depression-in-chinese-stroke-survivors-based-on-clinical-and-socio-psychological-features
#4
Rui Liu, Yingying Yue, Haitang Jiang, Jian Lu, Aiqin Wu, Deqin Geng, Jun Wang, Jianxin Lu, Shenghua Li, Hua Tang, Xuesong Lu, Kezhong Zhang, Tian Liu, Yonggui Yuan, Qiao Wang
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a frequent complication that worsens rehabilitation outcomes and patient quality of life. This study developed a risk prediction model for PSD based on patient clinical and socio-psychology features for the early detection of high risk PSD patients. RESULTS: Risk predictors included a history of brain cerebral infarction (odds ratio [OR], 3.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.22-6.70; P < 0.0001) and four socio-psychological factors including Eysenck Personality Questionnaire with Neuroticism/Stability (OR, 1...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446625/use-of-noncontrast-computed-tomography-and-computed-tomographic-perfusion-in-predicting-intracerebral-hemorrhage-after-intravenous-alteplase-therapy
#5
Connor Batchelor, Pooneh Pordeli, Christopher D d'Esterre, Mohamed Najm, Fahad S Al-Ajlan, Mari E Boesen, Connor McDougall, Lisa Hur, Enrico Fainardi, Jai Jai Shiva Shankar, Marta Rubiera, Alexander V Khaw, Michael D Hill, Andrew M Demchuk, Tolulope T Sajobi, Mayank Goyal, Ting-Yim Lee, Richard I Aviv, Bijoy K Menon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracerebral hemorrhage is a feared complication of intravenous alteplase therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We explore the use of multimodal computed tomography in predicting this complication. METHODS: All patients were administered intravenous alteplase with/without intra-arterial therapy. An age- and sex-matched case-control design with classic and conditional logistic regression techniques was chosen for analyses. Outcome was parenchymal hemorrhage on 24- to 48-hour imaging...
April 26, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446263/spectrum-and-predictors-of-refractory-status-epilepticus-in-a-developing-country
#6
Deepanshu Dubey, Sanjeev K Bhoi, Jayantee Kalita, Usha K Misra
OBJECTIVE: Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) can influence the outcome of status epilepticus (SE). In the present study, we report the aetiology and predictors of outcomes of RSE in a developing country. METHODS: This is a prospective hospital-based study of SE patients (continuous seizures for five minutes or more). Those who had SE persisting after two antiepileptic drugs were defined as having RSE. We present the demographic information, duration, and type of SE, and we note its severity using the status epilepticus severity score (STESS), its aetiology, comorbidities and imaging findings...
April 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444286/screening-for-preeclampsia-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#7
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Preeclampsia affects approximately 4% of pregnancies in the United States. It is the second leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and may lead to serious maternal complications, including stroke, eclampsia, and organ failure. Adverse perinatal outcomes for the fetus and newborn include intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight, and stillbirth. Many of the complications associated with preeclampsia lead to early induction of labor or cesarean delivery and subsequent preterm birth...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444285/preeclampsia-screening-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#8
Jillian T Henderson, Jamie H Thompson, Brittany U Burda, Amy Cantor
Importance: Preeclampsia is a complex disease of pregnancy with sometimes serious effects on maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. It is defined by hypertension after 20 weeks' gestation and proteinuria or other evidence of multisystem involvement. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of preeclampsia screening and risk assessment for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases from 1990 through September 1, 2015...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444075/applicability-of-respiratory-variations-in-stroke-volume-and-its-surrogates-for-dynamic-fluid-responsiveness-prediction-in-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-required-conditions
#9
Leandro Utino Taniguchi, Fernando Godinho Zampieri, Antonio Paulo Nassar
Objective: The present systematic review searched for published data on the prevalence of required conditions for proper assessment in critically ill patients. Methods: The Medline, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched to identify studies that evaluated the prevalence of validated conditions for the fluid responsiveness assessment using respiratory variations in the stroke volume or another surrogate in adult critically ill patients. The primary outcome was the suitability of the fluid responsiveness evaluation...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440112/patient-specific-prediction-of-functional-recovery-after-stroke
#10
Abdel Douiri, Justin Grace, Shah-Jalal Sarker, Kate Tilling, Christopher McKevitt, Charles DA Wolfe, Anthony G Rudd
Background and aims Clinical predictive models for stroke recovery could offer the opportunity of targeted early intervention and more specific information for patients and carers. In this study, we developed and validated a patient-specific prognostic model for monitoring recovery after stroke and assessed its clinical utility. Methods Four hundred and ninety-five patients from the population-based South London Stroke Register were included in a substudy between 2002 and 2004. Activities of daily living were assessed using Barthel Index) at one, two, three, four, six, eight, 12, 26, and 52 weeks after stroke...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438866/soluble-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-predicts-all-cause-5-year-mortality-in-ischemic-stroke-and-tia
#11
Juha Onatsu, Mikko Taina, Pirjo Mustonen, Marja Hedman, Antti Muuronen, Otso Arponen, Miika Korhonen, Pekka Jäkälä, Ritva Vanninen, Kari Pulkki
AIM: We evaluated soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels in different stroke subtypes and assessed their prognostic value regarding 5-year outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 117 stroke patients (81 males; mean=age 61±11 years) with suspected cardioembolic stroke whose plasma suPAR concentration was assessed. Altogether, 20 (17.1%) patients suffered from stroke as a result of cardioembolism, 12 (10.3%) from large-artery atherosclerosis, 9 (7...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437236/temperature-variation-after-rewarming-from-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-is-associated-with-survival-and-neurologic-outcome
#12
Alessio Rungatscher, Giovanni Battista Luciani, Daniele Linardi, Elisabetta Milani, Leonardo Gottin, Beat Walpoth, Giuseppe Faggian
Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended by international guidelines after cardio-circulatory arrest. However, the effects of different temperatures during the first 24 hours after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) for aortic arch surgery on survival and neurologic outcome are undefined. We hypothesize that temperature variation after aortic arch surgery is associated with survival and neurologic outcome. In the period 2010-2014, a total of 210 consecutive patients undergoing aortic arch surgery with DHCA were included...
March 1, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435630/association-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-with-the-severity-and-outcomes-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#13
Masoud Mehrpour, Hessam Rahatlou, Negar Hamzehpur, Sahand Kia, Mahdi Safdarian
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether higher serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the acute phase of ischemic stroke are associated with less severe strokes and better functional outcome in a period of 12-month follow-up. Methods: From October 2014 to August 2015, patients with the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke admitted to the stroke unit of Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran, Iran, entered this prospective study. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) for stroke scores were used to measure the severity and outcomes of an acute ischemic stroke at the time of admission and 1 year after the stroke, respectively...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435084/optimization-of-behavioural-tests-for-the-prediction-of-outcomes-in-mouse-models-of-focal-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#14
Zhuoyu Wen, Xiaomeng Xu, Lili Xu, Lian Yang, Xiaohui Xu, Juehu A Zhu, Li Wu, Yongjun Jiang, Xinfeng Liu
Intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) is the most widely used model of stroke. We aimed to predict the outcome of MCAO using a combination of fine behavioural tests for the prediction of unsuccessful surgery in mice leading to no infarction, haemorrhage and unexpected death. MCAO was performed on adult mice under the guidance of laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) to warrant a decrease in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the MCA territory. Four outcomes of MCAO were defined according to histological analysis: infarction, no infarction, haemorrhage and unexpected death (death within 24 h post-surgery)...
April 20, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431614/permeability-surface-area-product-analysis-in-malignant-brain-edema-prediction-a-pilot-study
#15
O Volny, P Cimflova, T-Y Lee, B K Menon, C D d'Esterre
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Using an extended CT perfusion acquisition (150s), we sought to determine the association between perfusion parameters and malignant edema after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients (from prospective study PROVE-IT, NCT02184936) with terminal internal carotid artery±proximal middle cerebral occlusion were involved. CTA was assessed for clot location and status of leptomeningeal collaterals. The following CTP parameters were calculated within the ischemic territory and contralaterally: permeability surface area product (PS), cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral blood volume (CBV)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431475/validation-of-the-essen-stroke-risk-score-in-different-subtypes-of-ischemic-stroke
#16
Yi Liu, Yongjun Wang, William A Li, Aoshuang Yan, Yilong Wang
OBJECTIVE: Predictive scores are important tools for stratifying patients based on their risk of future vascular events and for selecting preventive therapies. The aim of this study is to validate the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) for stratifying stroke recurrence in different subtypes of non-atrial fibrillation ischemic stroke in a large Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data were derived from the Blood pressure and clinical Outcome in Stroke Survivors registry, which includes a cohort of 2204 stroke patients...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431047/impact-of-the-syntax-scores-i-and-ii-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-multivessel-coronary-disease-a-pooled-analysis-of-patient-level-data-from-the-syntax-precombat-and-best-trials
#17
Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Massimo Mancone, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Yoshinobu Onuma, Pedro A Lemos, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Seung-Jung Park, Patrick W Serruys
Aims: To assess the impact of the SYNTAX scores I and II in outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for patients with diabetes and multivessel disease (MVD). Methods and Results: We performed a patient-level pooled analysis of three large randomized trials of patients with MVD. The impact of coronary anatomic complexity as measured by the SYNTAX score in the differences in outcomes following PCI and CABG was assessed at a median follow-up of 5 years...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430974/using-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-undamaged-brain-to-identify-lesion-sites-that-predict-language-outcome-after-stroke
#18
Diego L Lorca-Puls, Andrea Gajardo-Vidal, Mohamed L Seghier, Alexander P Leff, Varun Sethi, Susan Prejawa, Thomas M H Hope, Joseph T Devlin, Cathy J Price
Transcranial magnetic stimulation focused on either the left anterior supramarginal gyrus or opercular part of the left inferior frontal gyrus has been reported to transiently impair the ability to perform phonological more than semantic tasks. Here we tested whether phonological processing abilities were also impaired following lesions to these regions in right-handed, English speaking adults, who were investigated at least 1 year after a left-hemisphere stroke. When our regions of interest were limited to 0...
April 18, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430947/electrocardiographic-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-predicts-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-in-hypertensive-patients-the-allhat-study
#19
Casper N Bang, Elsayed Z Soliman, Lara M Simpson, Barry R Davis, Richard B Devereux, Peter M Okin
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. However, the predictive value of ECG LVH in treated hypertensive patients remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 33,357 patients (aged ≥ 55 years) with hypertension and at least 1 other coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factor were randomized to chlorthalidone, amlodipine, or lisinopril. The outcome of the present study was all-cause mortality; and secondary endpoints were CHD, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, angina, heart failure (HF), and peripheral arterial disease...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429607/thalamic-hemorrhagic-stroke-in-the-term-newborn-a-specific-neonatal-syndrome-with-non-uniform-outcome
#20
Laura Merlini, Sylviane Hanquinet, Joel Fluss
BACKGROUND: Neonatal thalamic hemorrhagic stroke is related to cerebral sinus venous thrombosis and associated with neurological sequelae. Predicting factors are however lacking. METHODS: Clinical and radiological findings at onset and on follow-up of 5 neonates with thalamic hemorrhage stroke are described. RESULTS: All neonates presented with abrupt lethargy, ophistotonos, irritability and/or seizures. The thalamic hemorrhagic stroke was most often unilateral (4/5), involving the posterior/entire thalamus in 3 cases and the anterior thalamus in 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
keyword
keyword
2479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"