keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol screening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#1
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679105/the-practices-of-french-general-practitioners-regarding-screening-and-counselling-pregnant-women-for-tobacco-smoking-and-alcohol-drinking
#2
Raphaël Andler, Chloé Cogordan, Anne Pasquereau, Jean-François Buyck, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to describe French general practitioners' (GPs') practices toward pregnant patients regarding alcohol consumption and smoking and to highlight factors associated with specific practices. METHODS: In 2015, a representative sample of 1414 French GPs completed a telephone survey based on a stratified random sampling. RESULTS: 61% of GPs declared screening for alcohol use and 82% for smoking at least once with each pregnant patient; quitting was not systematically advised either for alcohol or for smoking...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678902/development-of-a-breast-cancer-risk-prediction-model-for-women-in-nigeria
#3
Shengfeng Wang, Temidayo O Ogundiran, Adeyinka Ademola, Olayiwola A Oluwasola, Adewunmi O Adeoye, Adenike Sofoluwe, Imran Morhason-Bello, Stella O Odedina, Imaria Agwai, Clement Adebamowo, Millicent Obajimi, Oladosu Ojengbede, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo
BACKGROUND: Risk prediction models have been widely used to identify women at higher risk of breast cancer. We aim to develop a model for absolute breast cancer risk prediction for Nigerian women. METHODS: A total of 1,811 breast cancer cases and 2,225 controls from the Nigerian Breast Cancer Study (NBCS, 1998~2015) were included. Subjects were randomly divided into the training and validation sets. Incorporating local incidence rates, multivariable logistic regressions were used to develop the model...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#4
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677572/temperament-and-character-profiles-are-associated-with-depression-outcome-in-psychiatric-secondary-care-patients-with-harmful-drinking
#5
Vesa Paavonen, Kaisa Luoto, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen, Olli Kampman
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character profiles have been associated with depression outcome and alcohol abuse comorbidity in depressed patients. How harmful alcohol use modifies the effects of temperament and character on depression outcome is not well known. Knowledge of these associations could provide a method for enhancing more individualized treatment strategies for these patients. METHODS: We screened 242 depressed patients with at least moderate level of depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676338/psychoactive-substance-use-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-pregnant-women-attending-an-ante-natal-clinic-in-benin-city-nigeria
#6
Oluyemisi O Adebowale, Bawo O James
Objective: This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 395 pregnant women previously booked for ante-natal care. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Test (ASSIST) and the 20-item self-reporting questionnaire-20 were interviewer administered...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675863/effectiveness-of-lockouts-in-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, Kirrilly Pursey, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
ISSUES: Australian jurisdictions have introduced lockouts to prevent alcohol-related violence. Lockouts prohibit patrons from entering licensed premises after a designated time while allowing sale and consumption of alcohol to continue. Their purposes include managing the movement of intoxicated patrons, and preventing violence and disorder by dispersing times that patrons leave premises. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of lockouts in preventing alcohol-related harm. APPROACH: We systematically searched electronic databases and reference lists and asked authors to identify relevant studies published to 1 June 2017...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673885/optimizing-the-impact-of-alcohol-and-drug-screening-and-early-intervention-in-a-high-risk-population-receiving-services-in-new-york-city-sexual-health-clinics-a-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-project-renew
#8
B R Harris, J Yu, M Wolff, M Rogers, S Blank
Unhealthy substance use is associated with increased rates of STDs, including HIV. Within three high-risk New York City (NYC) sexual health clinics between 2008 and 2012 (n = 146,657), 17% of patients screened positive for a current SUD but only 5.3% ever received prior treatment. The goal of Project Renew was to expand the reach of substance use early intervention services within and across sexual health clinics citywide and decrease substance use, poor mental health, and risky sexual behavior. To accomplish this goal, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), an evidence-based substance use early intervention model, was implemented in all eight NYC sexual health clinics February 2012-January 2015...
April 16, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672683/daily-internet-time-towards-an-evidence-based-recommendation
#9
André Berchtold, Christina Akre, Yara Barrense-Dias, Grégoire Zimmermann, Joan-Carles Surís
Background: Since 2001, a recommendation of no more than 2 h per day of screen time for children 2 years of age or older was adopted in many countries. However, this recommendation was rarely examined empirically. The goal of the present study was to question this recommendation in today's connected world. Methods: We used data from the ado@internet.ch survey (spring 2012), a representative sample of 8th graders in the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland (n = 2942, 50.6% female)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671537/chronic-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
Kathleen Barry
Chronic pancreatitis is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and scarring. Exocrine and endocrine functions are lost, often leading to chronic pain. The etiology is multifactorial, although alcoholism is the most significant risk factor in adults. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. If chronic pancreatitis is suspected, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the best imaging modality for diagnosis. Computed tomography may be inconclusive in early stages of the disease, so other modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasonography with or without biopsy may be used...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668891/maternal-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-and-early-offspring-development
#11
Griffith A Bell, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Sunni L Mumford, Hyojun Park, James Mills, Erin M Bell, Miranda Broadney, Edwina H Yeung
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) associated with developmental delays in offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Offspring of mothers with PCOS were at higher risk of failure on the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is growing evidence that offspring of mothers with PCOS may be at higher risk for developmental disorders due to potential exposure to hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance. Few studies exist regarding maternal PCOS and early childhood development in the USA...
April 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667758/synthesis-of-enantiomerically-enriched-drug-precursors-by-lactobacillus-paracasei-bd87e6-as-a-biocatalyst
#12
Selda Öksüz, Engin Şahin, Enes Dertli
Global sales of single enantiomeric drug products are growing at an alarming rate every year. A total of 7 bacterial strains were screened for their ability to reduce acetophenones to its corresponding alcohol. Among these strain Lactobacillus paracasei BD87E6 was found to be the most successful biocatalyst to reduce the ketones to the corresponding alcohols. The reaction conditions were systematically optimized for the reducing agent Lactobacillus paracasei BD87E6, which showed high enantioselectivity and conversion for the bioreduction...
April 18, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#13
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667168/cognitive-decline-and-older-driver-crash-risk
#14
Laura A Fraade-Blanar, Beth E Ebel, Eric B Larson, Jeanne M Sears, Hilaire J Thompson, Kwun Chuen G Chan, Paul K Crane
OBJECTIVES: To examine automobile crash risk associated with cognition in older drivers without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective secondary analysis of longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Our study used data from the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) Study merged with Washington State crash reports and licensure records. Data were available from 2002 to 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Group Health enrollees from Washington State aged 65 and older with active driver's licenses (N=2,615)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#15
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665778/characteristics-of-elderly-patients-with-polypharmacy-who-refuse-to-participate-in-an-in-hospital-deprescribing-intervention-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#16
Junpei Komagamine, Kenichi Sugawara, Kazuhiko Hagane
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the characteristics of elderly patients with polypharmacy refusing deprescribing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in elderly patients accepting and refusing a deprescribing intervention and to investigate factors associated with deprescribing refusal. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study by analyzing the electronic medical records from a single hospital...
April 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665189/prevalence-risk-factors-and-impact-of-donor-specific-alloantibodies-after-adult-liver-transplantation
#17
Katia Vandevoorde, Stéphanie Ducreux, Alexie Bosch, Olivier Guillaud, Valérie Hervieu, Christine Chambon-Augoyard, Domitille Poinsot, Patrice André, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Philip Robinson, Olivier Boillot, Valérie Dubois, Jérôme Dumortier
The incidence and impact of anti-HLA donor-specific alloantibodies (DSA) developing after liver transplantation (LT) remains controversial and not extensively studied. The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of DSA, identify risk factors for the development of DSA, and the impact of DSA in a large population of adult LT recipients. This single center retrospective study included all adult patients who underwent a first LT between 2000 and 2010 in our center. The study population mainly consisted in male patients, the mean age was 52...
April 17, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663951/active-case-finding-and-treatment-adherence-in-risk-groups-in-the-tuberculosis-pre-elimination-era
#18
R K Gupta, M Lipman, A Story, A Hayward, G de Vries, R van Hest, C Erkens, M X Rangaka, I Abubakar
Vulnerable populations, including homeless persons, high-risk drug and alcohol users, prison inmates and other marginalised populations, contribute a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis (TB) cases in low-incidence settings. Drivers of this disease burden include an increased risk of both TB transmission in congregate settings, and progression from infection to active disease. Late diagnosis and poor treatment completion further propagate the epidemic and fuel the acquisition of drug resistance. These groups are therefore a major priority for TB control programmes in low-incidence settings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661439/frequency-of-thyroid-dysfunction-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-before-and-after-liver-transplantation
#19
A Moura Neto, T G Bovi, C M Righetto, A R Fiore, L T Lot, S R Perales, E C de Ataide, I F S F Boin
BACKGROUND: There is mutual influence between the liver and thyroid hormone metabolism. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) also have an increased prevalence of thyroid disorders (TDs). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the frequency of TD before and after liver transplantation (LT) in a population of patients with DM as a whole and when categorized by sex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving interview and medical record analysis of 46 consecutive patients followed at the diabetes mellitus and liver transplantation unit of a tertiary university hospital...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659208/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-a-significant-correlate-of-voluntary-antiretroviral-treatment-interruption-in-adult-hiv-infected-patients-followed-up-in-french-hospitals-data-from-the-anrs-vespa2-national-survey
#20
Perrine Roux, Fabienne Marcellin, Khadim Ndiaye, Marie Suzan-Monti, Aurélie Mayet, Martin Duracinsky, Laélia Briand-Madrid, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Marion Mora, Marie Préau, Pierre Verger, Patrizia Carrieri, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
OBJECTIVE: Although antiretroviral treatment (ART) no longer requires 100% adherence, voluntary treatment interruption (VTI) still may have a negative impact on virologic success. Previous studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is more prevalent in HIV-infected patients than in the general population. However, no study has yet investigated the relationship between PTSD and VTI. We analyzed this relationship using data from a French national survey representative of HIV-infected adults followed up in hospitals...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
24786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"