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Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185402/hearing-status-after-radical-mastoidectomy-without-tympanoplasty
#1
Shamaila Nawaz Khan, Iqbal Hussain Udaipurwala, Talat Mehmood, Zahid Mehmood Rahat
OBJECTIVE: To find out the impairment of hearing associated with radical mastoidectomy by measuring the quantitative difference in the functional hearing level before and after radical mastoidectomy operation without tympanoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur and PNS Shifa Hospital, Karachi, from November 2009 to January 2013...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135113/minichromosome-maintenance-mcm-protein-4-overexpression-is-a-potential-prognostic-marker-for-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Jianfeng Han, Meng Lian, Jugao Fang, Honggang Liu, Ru Wang, Jie Zhai, Yi Fan Yang, Ling Fen, Qian Shi, Hong Zhi Ma, Juan Sun, Zhihong Ma
PURPOSE: The minichromosomal maintenance (MCM) proteins are involved in the initiation and DNA replication. The role of MCM4 remains to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of MCM4 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) cell growth and apoptosis. METHODS: LSCC cell line UMSCC 5 was used in this study. The small interfering RNA (siRNA) of MCM 4 gene was used to identify the effects of MCM4 on the proliferation and apoptosis using methylimidazole tetrazolium (MTT) assay and flow-cytometry, respectively...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119844/symptom-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-globus-patients-a-prospective-study
#3
Pia Järvenpää, Assi Laatikainen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus may be a persistent symptom impairing patients' quality of life. Diagnostics and treatment are controversial but some globus patients may benefit from reassurance and attention. We investigated how globus symptoms change during a short-term follow-up without any treatment after an examination by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) physician and further diagnostic procedures. We also surveyed whether patients with persistent globus suffer from simultaneous voice problems. The study comprised 30 consecutive globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery...
November 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118826/prevalence-of-hpv-infection-in-hypopharyngeal-and-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-at-thailand-s-largest-tertiary-referral-center
#4
Warut Pongsapich, Nitathip Eakkasem, Sontana Siritantikorn, Paveena Pithuksurachai, Kshidej Bongsabhikul, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana
Background: Following the well-established relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical carcinoma, the carcinogenicity of this virus has also been confirmed in subsets of head and neck carcinoma (HNCA), but mainly in the oropharynx. Other subsites of HNCA with less known association to HPV have never been studied in Thailand. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HPV DNA in hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Thai population...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103091/proceedings-of-the-rami-section-of-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-orl-hns-spring-meeting-saturday-8th-april-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942631/the-changing-pattern-of-published-articles-in-the-field-of-otology-1818-to-today
#6
Jang Hee Park, Janet Ren Chao, Min Jae Kim, Yoo Yeon Kim, Jun Ho Lee
To examine and identify the changing pattern of published articles in the otology literature over the past several decades. We used a variety of search engines available through PubMed.gov based on key words in the following categories: diagnosis, diagnostic tools, and therapeutic tools. The number of searchable key words increased from 1945 to the present. Overall, there has been a major shift in topics cover in the otological literature. Most recently, there has been significant increases in the following categories: age-related hearing loss, speech discrimination, and cochlear implantation...
September 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938861/otorhinolaryngology-publication-from-chinese-authors-a-11-year-survey-of-the-literature
#7
Surita Aodeng, Zhiqiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: Scientific publication is the reflection of the capability of not only an individual scholar, but also a group, even a country. Over the past few decades, Chinese researchers have made great progress in medical scientific field. However, the status about the quantity and quality of the publications in otorhinolaryngology have not been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the output by Chinese authors from three regions of China: Mainland China (MC), Taiwan (TW) and Hong Kong (HK)...
September 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#8
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919279/data-sharing-to-serve-ethics-transparency-and-reproducibility-of-medical-science
#9
EDITORIAL
O Laccourreye, P Bonfils, R Garrel, R Jankowski, A Karkas, N Leboulanger, M Makeieff, C Righini, C Vincent, C Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910889/-clinical-features-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-in-265-cases
#10
M Chen, Y Jiang, J F Wen, N Li, J Qiu, N K Zhang, J B Ju
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and the pathogenetic law of traumatic optic neuropathy through epidemiologic study. Methods: 265 cases (275 eyes) with TON treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 1999 to August 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate potential prognostic factors on visual acuity. Results: TON occured mostly in young (194/265, 73.21%) man (235/265, 88...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910887/-clinical-practice-of-transnasal-endoscopic-operation-for-retrobulbar-lesions
#11
X W Wu, H Zhang, W H Jiang, J Y Zhang, Z H Xie, Z Y Peng, H Sun
Objective: To summarize the skill and experience of transnasal endoscopic operation for retrobulbar lesions. Methods: Seven patients aged from 25 to 67 years old diagnosed as retrobulbar lesions who underwent transnasal endoscopic operation in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Xiangya Hospital between January 2013 and October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Two males and five females were included in this study. Five patients underwent transnasal endoscopic operation via media rectus-inferior rectus space, with the other 2 cases via media rectus-superior rectus space...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866793/accuracy-of-preoperative-mri-to-assess-lateral-neck-metastases-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#12
Suvi Renkonen, Riikka Lindén, Leif Bäck, Robert Silén, Hanna Mäenpää, Laura Tapiovaara, Katri Aro
Primary treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with lateral lymph node metastasis is surgery, but the extent of lateral neck dissection remains undefined. Preoperative imaging is used to guide the extent of surgery, although its sensitivity and specificity for defining the number and level of affected lymph nodes on the lateral neck is relatively modest. Our aim was to assess the role of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting the requisite levels of neck dissection in patients with regionally metastatic PTC, with a focus on Levels II and V...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865046/prospective-experience-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tubes-placed-by-otorhinolaryngologist-head-and-neck-surgeons-%C3%A2-safe-and-efficacious
#13
Johanna Ruohoalho, Katri Aro, Antti A Mäkitie, Timo Atula, Aaro Haapaniemi, Harri Keski-Säntti, Leena Kylänpää, Annika Takala, Leif J Bäck
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is often the treatment of choice in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients needing long-term nutritional support. Prospective studies on PEG tube placement in an otorhinolaryngologist service are lacking. At our hospital, otolaryngologist-head and neck (ORL-HN) surgeons-have performed PEG insertions for HNC patients since 2008. We prospectively analyzed 127 consecutive HNC patients who received their PEG tubes at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and evaluated the outcome of PEG tube insertions performed by ORL-HN surgeons...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861590/-botulinum-toxin-in-otorhinolaryngology-an-update
#14
R Laskawi, A Olthoff
During recent decades, the clinical use of botulinum toxin has become increasingly well established. In the field of otorhinolaryngology there are many indications for which botulinum toxin can improve patients' quality of life. These include applications in the region of the head and neck muscles and the autonomic nervous system in patients suffering from movement disorders of special muscles and secretory disorders (salivary, lacrimal, and sweat glands). The present article presents an overview of well-established and new indications for application of botulinum toxin in the head and neck region...
October 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826856/practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-otoneurology-committee-of-spanish-otorhinolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery-consensus-document
#15
Paz Pérez-Vázquez, Virginia Franco-Gutiérrez, Andrés Soto-Varela, Juan Carlos Amor-Dorado, Eduardo Martín-Sanz, Manuel Oliva-Domínguez, Jose A Lopez-Escamez
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most frequent episodic vestibular disorder. The purpose of this guide, requested by the committee on otoneurology of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, is to supply a consensus document providing practical guidance for the management of BPPV. It is based on the Barany Society criteria for the diagnosis of BPPV. This guideline provides recommendations on each variant of BPPV, with a description of the different diagnostic tests and the therapeutic manoeuvres...
August 18, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760618/control-of-vertigo-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-by-intratympanic-dexamethasone
#16
A Weckel, M Marx, M-J Esteve-Fraysse
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to assess the efficacy of intratympanic dexamethasone injection in controlling vertigo in unilateral Ménière's disease refractory to medical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 25 patients with disabling unilateral Ménière's disease, defined according to the American Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) criteria. Patients received intratympanic dexamethasone during the monitoring period...
July 28, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754079/plunging-ranula-patient-characteristics-treatment-and-comparison-between-different-populations
#17
Annina Lyly, Eeva Castrén, Johanna Aronniemi, Tuomas Klockars
OBJECTIVES: To review our clinical experience and characteristics of Finnish patients with plunging ranula and compare our results with reports from other populations. DESIGN: A retrospective study from the electronic hospital records between 2005 and 2016. SETTING: The Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery of Helsinki University Hospital, Finland. RESULTS: We describe the characteristics and treatment of 41 patients with MRI-confirmed plunging ranula...
July 28, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734993/esthetically-favorable-surgical-alternative-for-the-removal-of-sinonasal-malignant-tumors-the-modified-facial-degloving-technique
#18
REVIEW
Gábor Vass, Zsolt Bella, Zoltán Tóbiás, Attila Nagy, László Iván, László Rovó
PURPOSE: The widely used external approach (Weber-Fergusson incision) for the removal of maxillary ethmoid tumors leaves stigmatizing scars and deformities on the patient's face. As an alternative technique, the scarless facial degloving approach was first described in the 1970s; since then, several modifications have been developed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors have been using a modified facial degloving technique for 7 years to remove maxillary ethmoid tumors...
October 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717958/-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-updates-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#19
REVIEW
J Doescher, J A Veit, T K Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The TNM system is an established tool for classification of solid tumors by means of tumor size and extent, the involvement of local lymph nodes, and the presence of distant metastases. The classification was established in order to visualize prognostic implications and to allow establishment of systematic therapeutic algorithms. Since the beginning of 2017 a revised version of the classification has applied. Particularly the classification of otorhinolaryngologic tumors has been thoroughly revised in the 8th edition, partly on the basis of new prognostically relevant parameters, such as infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes...
July 17, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701595/cardiovascular-operation-a-significant-risk-factor-of-arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-subluxation-after-anesthesia
#20
Seri Tsuru, Mayuko Wakimoto, Takeshi Iritakenishi, Makoto Ogawa, Yukio Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Arytenoid cartilage dislocation/subluxation is one of the rare complications following tracheal intubation, and there have been no reports about risk factors leading this complication. From our clinical experience, we have an impression that patients undergoing cardiovascular operations tend to be associated with this complication. AIMS: We designed a large retrospective study to reveal the incidence and risk factors predicting the occurrence and to examine whether our impression is true...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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