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Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314959/cancer-of-unknown-primary-cup-of-the-head-and-neck-retrospective-analysis-of-81-patients
#1
Basel Al Kadah, Giorgos Papaspyrou, Maximilian Linxweiler, Bernhard Schick, Christian Rübe, Benjamin Simeon Büchler, Marcus Niewald
The treatment of patients with cervical lymph node metastases without detectable primary tumor remains an important challenge, until today, no standard therapy is available. The present study investigated the multimodal treatment of patients with head and neck CUP syndrome (HNCUP) and their follow-up retrospectively. 81 patients with cervical lymph node metastases without a primary tumor were treated at the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology as well as Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology at the University of Saarland in Homburg, Germany in the period between 1991 and 2013...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301961/current-management-of-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-the-uk-survey-of-221-uk-otolaryngologists
#2
Gaurav Chawdhary, Miran Pankhania, Susan Douglas, Ian Bottrill
INTRODUCTION: Necrotising otitis externa (NOE) is a rare infection causing skull base osteomyelitis. The evidence regarding NOE consists mostly of case series. Hence, there is a limited evidence base to guide decision-making. This survey aims to report the experience of 221 otolaryngologists in this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internet survey administered to the membership of the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ENT UK). RESULTS: Respondents' detailed replies on diagnosis, treatment and follow up are presented...
March 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281039/proceedings-of-the-rami-section-of-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-orl-hns-spring-meeting-friday-9th-december-2016-education-and-research-centre-royal-victoria-eye-and-ear-hospital-adelaide-road-dublin-2
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239587/manoeuvres-to-improve-endoscopic-visualization-of-hypopharynx
#4
Pooja Thakur, V K Poorey
The more progress achieved in endoscopy, the more superficial cancers in head and neck region have been diagnosed. There are, however, some areas difficult to observe, particularly the hypopharynx, due to closure of this space. Examination of hypopharynx form an essential part of head and neck examination especially in the suspected malignancies as well as in the cases with unknown primary. As the flexible fiber-optic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy forms an essential part of examination of hypopharynx, the present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of various manoeuvres devised to aid in better visualization of the hypopharynx...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235386/characteristics-of-ci-children-with-complicated-middle-ear-infections
#5
Søren Hoberg, Christian Danstrup, Bjarke Laursen, Niels Krintel Petersen, Nichlas Udholm, Gintaras Audrius Kamarauskas, Therese Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of complicated middle ear infections in children with cochlear implants (CI), i.e., episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) and acute mastoiditis (AM), resulting in hospitalization. METHODS: A total of 206 children under 16 years (300 implantations) were implanted between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014 at the West Danish CI Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Aarhus, Denmark. By means of two prospective local databases, episodes of AOM or AM and demographics were retrieved including biochemistry, microbiology, length of follow- up, and variable treatment modalities (intravenous (IV) antibiotics, revision mastoidectomy, and insertion of ventilation tubes)...
February 24, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224726/a%C3%A4-rway-and-sleep-d%C3%A4-sorders-%C3%A4-n-pat%C3%A4-ents-w%C3%A4-th-acromegaly
#6
Onur Turan, Barış Akıncı, Ahmet Omer Ikız, Oya Itıl, Ibrahim Oztura, Emel Ada, Bahri Akdenız, Serkan Yener, Murat Kaya, Arzu Gedık, Abdurrahman Comlekcı
INTRODUCTION-OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a multisystemic disorder caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH). Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) such as sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) may occur in acromegaly. The aim of study was to assess the presence of sleep disorders and evaluate the systemic complications on respiratory, cardiovascular and upper airway systems in acromegalic patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 30 acromegaly outpatients. GH and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) measurements were obtained; body pletysmography, arterial blood gas analysis,tissue-doppler imaging,echocardiography,polysomnography,otorhinolaryngologic examination and head-neck computed tomography were performed...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217433/visual-analogue-scales-vas-measuring-instruments-for-the-documentation-of-symptoms-and-therapy-monitoring-in-cases-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-everyday-health-care-position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-aeda-and-the-german-society-of-allergy-and-clinical
#7
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109483/otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-in-a-low-income-country-the-haitian-experience
#8
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David Walmer, Mack L Cheney, Anna H Messner
OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric surgical conditions of the head and neck in low-income countries. Haiti, the western hemisphere's poorest country, recently developed its first Otorhinolaryngology (ORL) department at the Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH). This manuscript assesses the caseload at HUEH with a special emphasis on pediatric cases, with the aim of characterizing ORL related conditions and their treatments in low-income countries...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104013/-correlation-between-the-visiting-rate-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-airborne-pollen-concentrations-in-beijing-in-recent-3-years
#9
W N Hu, L Zhu, L F Xie, F Z Zhang, M Y Bai, N Wang, Z W Sun
Objective: To evaluate the daily airborne pollen concentrations and visiting rate of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and their correlation during 2012-2014 in Beijing. Methods: Daily airborne pollen concentrations (55 998 numbers in total and 549 numbers in average) and its constitution from April to September each year (2012 to 2014) were compared. The number of patients with AR (44 203 in total) who visited the outpatient department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital between January 2012 and December 2014 was analyzed by month...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104011/-expert-consensus-on-surgery-and-comprehensive-treatment-of-hypopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065602/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-guidelines-of-the-french-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-society-sforl
#11
J Nevoux, V Franco-Vidal, D Bouccara, C Parietti-Winkler, A Uziel, A Chays, X Dubernard, V Couloigner, V Darrouzet, T Mom
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société française d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie de la face et du cou: SFORL) for diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in Menière's disease. METHODS: A work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group. The guidelines were graded according to the literature analysis and recommendations grading guide published by the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health (January 2000)...
January 3, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025601/implementation-of-study-results-in-guidelines-and-adherence-to-guidelines-in-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Frank Waldfahrer
Guidelines were introduced in hospital- and practice-based otorhinolaryngology in the 1990ies, and have been undergoing further development ever since. There are currently 20 guidelines on file at the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery. The society has cooperated in further 34 guidelines. The quality of the guidelines has been continuously improved by concrete specifications put forward by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012521/subspecialist-training-program-in-pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-of-uems-orl-hns-section
#13
Tomislav Baudoin
The ORL Section and Board of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) developed pediatric ORL subspecialty program. The program was created with support and consultation of the European Society of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. It is divided into four sections: Pediatric Otology, Pediatric Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Laryngology and Phoniatrics and Pediatric Head and Neck Surgery. After completion of the program, the trainee is supposed to achieve an advanced level of competency...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986467/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-short-version-specific-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#14
L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, O Malard, L Crampette
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) concerning specific treatment of epistaxis in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
February 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938609/-sox10-mutation-is-relevant-to-inner-ear-malformation-in-patients-with-waardenburg-syndrome
#15
G Y Xu, Q Q Hao, L L Zhong, W Ren, Y Yan, R Y Liu, J N Li, W W Guo, H Zhao, S M Yang
Objective: To determine the relevance between the SOX10 mutation and Waardenburg syndrome (WS) accompanied with inner ear abnormality by analyzing the inner ear imaging results and molecular and genetic results of the WS patients with the SOX10 mutation. Methods: This study included 36 WS in patients during 2001 and 2015 in the department of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, Chinese Peoples's Liberation Army General Hospital. The condition of the inner ear of each patient was assessed by analyzing HRCT scans of the temporal bone and MRI scans of the brain and internal auditory canal...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#16
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789155/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-first-line-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-adults
#17
E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (SFORL) on first-line treatment of epistaxis in adults. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience. They were then read over by an editorial group independent of the work-group. The guidelines were graded as A, B, C or expert opinion, by decreasing level of evidence...
October 24, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765622/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-second-line-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-adults
#18
B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762065/32-years-of-experience-with-co2-laser-assisted-treatment-for-zenker-s-diverticulum-an-update-of-227-patients-treated-in-kiel
#19
M Hoffmann, A Fazel, K-G Mews, P Ambrosch
OBJECTIVES: To underline the value of the microendoscopic CO2 -LASER-assisted treatment (MEDCO2 ) for Zenker's diverticulum by investigating a large patient cohort treated in a single medical centre. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients. SETTING: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 227 patients with Zenker's diverticulum were treated by MEDCO2 , and the results were compared with those reported in the literature for the open transcervical approach (OTA) and the endoscopic staple-assisted oesophagodiverticulostomy (ESED)...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726975/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-epistaxis-and-high-blood-pressure
#20
J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, L Robard, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on epistaxis in high blood pressure. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience. They were then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group...
October 7, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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