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Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck

B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Markus Hoffmann, Asita Fazel, Kai-Gerrit Mews, Petra Ambrosch
OBJECTIVES: To underline the value of the microendoscopic CO2 -Laser assisted treatment (MEDCO2 ) of Zenker's diverticulum by investigating a large patient cohort treated in a single medical center. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study of consecutive patients. SETTING: Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 227 patients with Zenkers' diverticulum were treated by MEDCO2 and the results were compared with those reported in the literature for the open transcervical approach (OTA) and the endoscopic staple-assisted esophagodiverticulostomy (ESED)...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, L Robard, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on epistaxis in high blood pressure. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience. They were then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group...
October 7, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Pia Järvenpää, Taru Ilmarinen, Ahmed Geneid, Petra Pietarinen, Teemu J Kinnari, Heikki Rihkanen, Johanna Ruohoalho, Mari Markkanen-Leppänen, Leif Bäck, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus patients with normal ear, nose, and throat (ENT) status are a diagnostic challenge. The symptom may be long lasting and cause concern about malignancy, leading to possibly unnecessary further investigation. The aim of the study was to assess whether radiological examinations are useful in globus diagnostics, how often patients suffer from persistent globus, and whether globus patients with normal ENT status develop a malignancy during a follow-up. We reviewed medical records of all 76 globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in 2009...
September 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Michel R M San Giorgi, Leena-Maija Aaltonen, Heikki Rihkanen, Robin E A Tjon Pian Gi, Bernard F A M van der Laan, Josette E H M Hoekstra-Weebers, Frederik G Dikkers
OBJECTIVE: There is no specific clinical tool for physicians to detect psychosocial and physical distress or health care need in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). The main aim of this study is to validate the RRP-adapted Distress Thermometer and Problem List (DT&PL). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional questionnaire research. SETTING: Academic tertiary care medical centers in Groningen, Netherlands, and Helsinki, Finland...
September 6, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Anouk P Netten, Friedo W Dekker, Carolien Rieffe, Wim Soede, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies are often facing missing data. Data can be missing for various reasons, for example, patients moved, certain measurements are only administered in high-risk groups, and patients are unable to attend clinic because of their health status. There are various ways to handle these missing data (e.g., complete cases analyses, mean substitution). Each of these techniques potentially influences both the analyses and the results of a study. The first aim of this structured review was to analyze how often researchers in the field of otorhinolaryngology/head & neck surgery report missing data...
August 22, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Francisco Javier García Callejo, Jaume Redondo Martínez, Tomás Pérez Carbonell, Rafael Monzó Gandía, M Paz Martínez Beneyto, Inés Rincón Piedrahita
INTRODUCTION: Hiccup crises are generally benign and self-limiting, but longer episodes affect quality of life and must be treated. There are recognisable causes that otorhinolaryngologists must know and be aware for diagnosis and therapeutic alternatives. The main expression is a spasmodic glottic noise with characteristic neck alterations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study from 1979 with patients suffering persistent or recurrent hiccups. Chronobiology, comorbidity, findings from explorations, therapies and outcomes were noted...
August 16, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Antoniu-Oreste Gostian, Jean-Marc Kouamé, Martin Bremke, Magdalene Ortmann, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner
Importance: Multiple techniques for a more secure and stable anchoring of the foot of a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP) on the footplate have been proposed. To address this issue, a technique was developed that fits a cartilage shoe into the oval niche to guide the base of the prosthesis into a preformed central perforation. Objective: To evaluate the long-term results of the cartilage shoe technique used to anchor a titanium TORP on the stapes footplate in patients after type III tympanoplasty...
August 18, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
R Mösges
Georg Schlöndorff (1931-2011) developed the idea of computer-assisted surgery (CAS) during his time as professor and chairman of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at the Medical Faculty of the University of Aachen, Germany. In close cooperation with engineers and physicists, he succeeded in translating this concept into a functional prototype that was applied in live surgery in the operating theatre. The first intervention performed with this image-guided navigation system was a skull base surgical procedure 1987...
September 2016: HNO
James G Sanders, Patrick J D Dawes
OBJECTIVE: Recent research has investigated the role of gabapentin in perioperative pain relief in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery. This review aims to identify whether sufficient evidence exists for the routine use of gabapentin in the perioperative setting. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive systematic search was performed with keywords for articles up to November 2015...
July 26, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
A S Lau, G H Adan, M Krishnan, S C Leong
OBJECTIVES: The publication rate of some large academic meetings such as the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery has been reported as 32%. We aimed to compare the rate of publication at the British Academic Conference in Otolaryngology (BACO) to allow surveillance of research activity in the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN AND SETTING: The abstract records of both BACO 2009 and 2012 were examined. The MEDLINE database was searched using PubMed (http://www...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Joanna Michalska, Jurek Olszewski, Marzena Mielczarek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to evaluate the correlation between Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI) and selected parameters of morphological and clinical character in the patients with a unilateral or bilateral impairment of nasal patency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study covered 60 adults, including 37 male and 23 female subjects, 19-69 years of age. In the Department, these subjects were divided into 3 groups: I - 20 patients with unilateral impairment of nasal patency, II - 20 patients with bilateral impairment of nasal patency, III - controls with normal nasal patency...
April 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
C H Heidemann, J Lous, J Berg, J J Christensen, S J Håkonsen, M Jakobsen, C J Johansen, L H Nielsen, M P Hansen, A Poulsen, L P Schousboe, C Skrubeltang, A B Vind, P Homøe
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media is one of the most common diseases in small children. This underlines the importance of optimizing diagnostics and treatment of the condition. Recent literature points toward a stricter approach to diagnosing acute otitis media (AOM). Moreover, ventilating tube treatment for recurrent AOM (RAOM) and chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) has become the most frequently performed surgical procedure in pre-school children. Therefore, the Danish Health and Medicines Authority and the Danish Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery deemed it necessary to update the Danish guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria for acute otitis media and surgical treatment of RAOM and COME...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mohit Srivastava, Sushant Tyagi, Lalit Kumar
Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common condition in medical practice. It is defined as inflammation of the mucosa of nose and paranasal sinuses, the fluids within these cavities, and/or the underlying bone that has been present with or without treatment for at least 12 weeks duration. In 1997, a detailed definition of the syndrome was developed by the Rhinosinusitis Task Force of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, consisting of the major and minor diagnostic criterias. To study the role of conventional radiography, nasal endoscopy and computed tomography in the early diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Vijay Kumar Poorey, Pooja Thakur
Lipids are the major cell membrane components, essential for various biological functions including cell growth and division for the maintenance of cell integrity of normal and malignant tissues. The changes in lipid profile have been associated since long with cancer and hypocholesterolemia has been observed in patients with cancers of various organs. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the alterations and clinical significance of plasma lipid profiles in untreated head and neck malignancies...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Adem Binnetoglu, Tekin Baglam, Gulnur Tokuc, Kiymet Kecelioglu Binnetoglu, Fatma Gerin, Murat Sari
Background. Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a high-grade malignant tumor that has skeletal and extraskeletal forms and consists of small round cells. In the head and neck region, reported localization of extraskeletal ES includes the larynx, thyroid gland, submandibular gland, nasal fossa, pharynx, skin, and parotid gland, but not the external ear canal. Methods. We present the unique case of a 2-year-old boy with extraskeletal ES arising from the external ear canal, mimicking auricular hematoma. Results. Surgery was performed and a VAC/IE (vincristine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide alternating with ifosfamide, and etoposide) regimen was used for adjuvant chemotherapy for 12 months...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Eleftherios Savvas, Steffen Hillmann, Daniel Weiss, Mario Koopmann, Claudia Rudack, Jürgen Alberty
IMPORTANCE: Electrophysiologic facial nerve monitoring is becoming an established intraoperative aid to assist the surgeon in facial nerve trunk or branch location and dissection. Limited studies have addressed the postoperative outcomes of parotid surgery with and without monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of intraoperative facial nerve monitoring on postoperative facial nerve function and procedure duration in parotid surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: An 8-year retrospective review of parotidectomies performed at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Münster...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Maximilian Linxweiler, Basel Al Kadah, Alessandro Bozzato, Victoria Bozzato, Andrea Hasenfus, Yoo-Jin Kim, Mathias Wagner, Alhadi Igressa, Bernhard Schick, Patra Charalampaki
Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is an imaging technique that uses miniaturized fiberoptic probes to allow real-time histological imaging of human tissue. An application of CLE in otorhinolaryngology has hardly been investigated so far. In our study, we analyzed the applicability of CLE to visualize cancerous and healthy tissue of the head and neck region. Formalin-fixed tissue specimens from 135 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients and 50 healthy controls were investigated using CLE with and without topical application of acriflavine...
June 15, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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