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Psychiatric evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528196/a-review-of-psychiatric-co-morbidity-described-in-genetic-and-immune-mediated-movement-disorders
#1
REVIEW
K J Peall, M S Lorentzos, I Heyman, M A J Tijssen, M J Owen, R C Dale, M A Kurian
Psychiatric symptoms are an increasingly recognised feature of movement disorders. Recent identification of causative genes and autoantibodies has allowed detailed analysis of aetiologically homogenous subgroups, thereby enabling determination of the spectrum of psychiatric symptoms in these disorders. This review evaluates the incidence and type of psychiatric symptoms encountered in patients with movement disorders. A broad spectrum of psychiatric symptoms was identified across all subtypes of movement disorder, with depression, generalised anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder being most common...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527220/quantitative-erythrocyte-omega-3-epa-plus-dha-levels-are-related-to-higher-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-on-brain-spect
#2
Daniel G Amen, William S Harris, Parris M Kidd, Somayeh Meysami, Cyrus A Raji
BACKGROUND: The interrelationships between omega-3 fatty acids status, brain perfusion, and cognition are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if SPECT brain imaging of cerebral perfusion and cognition varies as a function of omega-3 fatty acid levels. METHODS: A random sample of 166 study participants was drawn from a psychiatric referral clinical for which erythrocyte quantification of omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (the Omega-3 Index) was available...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#3
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527021/comorbidity-prevalence-and-treatment-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#4
Laura Reale, Beatrice Bartoli, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maria Paola Canevini, Cristiano Termine, Maurizio Bonati
Although ADHD comorbidity has been widely studied, some issues remain unsolved. This multicenter observational study aims to examine comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve children and adolescents with and without ADHD and, to compare treatment efficacy based on the type of comorbidity. We performed an analysis of the medical records of patients identified from the Regional ADHD Registry database, enrolled in 18 ADHD centers in the 2011-2016 period. 1919 of 2861 subjects evaluated (67%) met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD: 650 (34%) had only ADHD, while 1269 (66%) had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder (learning disorders, 56%; sleep disorders, 23%; oppositional defiant disorder, 20%; anxiety disorders, 12%)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524293/the-contribution-of-direct-patient-reported-adrs-to-drug-safety-signals-in-the-netherlands-from-2010-to-2015
#5
Florence van Hunsel, Susan de Waal, Linda Härmark
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of patient reports to signals sent by the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb to the Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board and to determine if there are certain types of signals where patient report add a distinct contribution. METHOD: All signals from 2010 until 2015 were included. First, we investigated how many patient reports were present in the signals and the characteristics of these reports compared to the health care professional and marketing authorization holders' reports...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523431/the-dsm-5-self-rated-level-1-cross-cutting-symptom-measure-as-a-screening-tool
#6
Leo Bastiaens, James Galus
The DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure was developed to aid clinicians with a dimensional assessment of psychopathology; however, this measure resembles a screening tool for several symptomatic domains. The objective of the current study was to examine the basic parameters of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive power of the measure as a screening tool. One hundred and fifty patients in a correctional community center filled out the measure prior to a psychiatric evaluation, including the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview screen...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522290/somatization-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Danilo Carrozzino, Per Bech, Chiara Patierno, Marco Onofrj, Bo Mohr Morberg, Astrid Thomas, Laura Bonanni, Mario Fulcheri
The current systematic review study is aimed at critically analyzing from a clinimetric viewpoint the clinical consequence of somatization in Parkinson's Disease (PD). By focusing on the International Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a comprehensive electronic literature research strategy on ISI Web-of-Science, PsychINFO, PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Out of 2.926 initial records, only a total of 9 studies were identified as clearly relevant and analyzed in this systematic review...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518283/branched-chain-amino-acids-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#8
REVIEW
Lise Lotte Gluud, Gitte Dam, Iñigo Les, Giulio Marchesini, Mette Borre, Niels Kristian Aagaard, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction with neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting. The severity ranges from minor symptoms to coma. A Cochrane systematic review including 11 randomised clinical trials on branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) versus control interventions has evaluated if BCAA may benefit people with hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of BCAA versus any control intervention for people with hepatic encephalopathy...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517032/novel-psychoactive-substance-consumption-is-more-represented-in-bipolar-disorder-than-in-psychotic-disorders-a-multicenter-observational-study
#9
Tiziano Acciavatti, Matteo Lupi, Rita Santacroce, Andrea Aguglia, Luigi Attademo, Laura Bandini, Paola Ciambrone, Giulia Lisi, Giovanni Migliarese, Federica Pinna, Diego Quattrone, Michele Ribolsi, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Salvatore Calò, Fabrizio Schifano, Massimo di Giannantonio, Giovanni Martinotti
OBJECTIVE: Comorbidities between psychiatric diseases and use of traditional substances of abuse are common. Nevertheless, there are few data regarding the use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) among psychiatric patients. Aim of this multicentre survey is to investigate the consumption of a number of psychoactive substances in a young psychiatric sample. METHODS: Between December 2013 and September 2015, a questionnaire was administered in 10 Italian psychiatric care facilities to a sample of 671 patients, aged 18-26 (mean age 22...
May 18, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#10
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515562/leukodystrophy-presenting-as-hyperactivity-and-bipolarity-with-uncommon-adverse-drug-reaction
#11
Roshan Sutar, Anirban Ray, Shekhar P Sheshadri
Leukodystrophy is a group of demyelinating neurodegenerative diseases of brain with varied presentation and multiple etiologies. Prognosis is predominantly dismal. Misdiagnosis and wrong treatment are common in this group of rare neurological disorders, especially when it presents with psychiatric symptoms. In this case, importance of neurological and radiological evaluation and need for high diagnostic suspicion in treatment-resistant psychiatric disorders is highlighted.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514243/celiac-disease-symptom-resolution-effectiveness-of-the-gluten-free-diet
#12
Naire Sansotta, Stefano Guandalini, Karine Amirikian, Hilary Jericho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the gluten free diet (GFD) on gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptom resolution and identify predictors for persistence of symptoms in all celiac patients at the University of Chicago. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review from 2002 to 2015. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms included: abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, failure to thrive/weight loss, nausea, reflux and vomiting. Extra-intestinal (EI) symptoms included: abnormal liver enzymes, arthralgia/arthritis, dermatitis herpetiformis, alopecia, fatigue, headache, anemia, stomatitis, myalgia, psychiatric disorders, rashes, seizures, neuropathy, short stature, delayed puberty, osteoporosis, and infertility...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513779/the-preventive-effects-of-ascorbic-acid-supplementation-on-locomotor-and-acetylcholinesterase-activity-in-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-induced-by-ketamine
#13
Louyse S Damazio, Flávia R Silveira, Lara Canever, Adalberto A DE Castro, Jadne M Estrela, Josiane Budni, Alexandra I Zugno
Studies have shown that schizophrenic patients seem to have nutritional deficiencies. Ascorbic acid (AA) has an important antioxidant effect and neuromodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of AA on locomotor activity and the acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) in an animal model of schizophrenia (SZ). Rats were supplemented with AA (0.1, 1, or 10 mg/kg), or water for 14 days (gavage). Between the 9th and 15th days, the animals received Ketamine (Ket) (25 mg/kg) or saline (i...
May 15, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513274/cognitive-functioning-and-adjudicative-competence-defendants-referred-for-neuropsychological-evaluation-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting
#14
Beth C Arredondo, Bernice A Marcopulos, Jesse G Brand, Kristen T Campbell, Julie-Ann Kent
OBJECTIVE: A paucity of peer-reviewed research exists regarding the relation between cognitive functioning and adjudicative competence, despite increasing awareness of cognitive deficits associated with serious mental illness. This retrospective study sought to add to and expand upon existing research by considering performance validity and court determinations of competence, when available. METHOD: We compared demographic and cognitive variables of a group of defendants with presumed valid testing admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility for evaluation of adjudicative competence and referred for neuropsychological evaluation (n = 45) and compared individuals determined by the evaluator and/or the court to be competent (n = 30) and incompetent (n = 15)...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511824/psychiatric-disorders-and-pruritus
#15
Helen Gin Lee, Carolyn Stull, Gil Yosipovitch
The skin and psyche are intimately related with various skin diseases caused by or resulting in psychiatric disturbances. Pruritus is a commonly reported symptom in psychiatric patients, and likewise psychiatric co-morbidities, including anxiety and depression, are frequently seen in chronic pruritus patients. Primary psychodermatologic conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder, dermatitis artefacta, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (excoriation disorder and prurigo nodularis), delusional infestation, and substance use disorder, can all induce significant pruritus in patients, severely affecting their quality of life...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511821/somatization-in-the-dermatology-patient-some-sociocultural-perspectives
#16
Krishna M Prasad, Geetha Desai, Santosh K Chaturvedi
Somatization in dermatology patients is a challenge to diagnose and manage. Somatization presents as medically unexplained dermatologic symptoms, which are commonly encountered in dermatology and psychiatry practices. These cutaneous symptoms are often intriguing and do not fit into any particular known dermatologic condition. Sometimes, they may evoke negative feelings in the practicing dermatologist. The dermatologic somatic symptoms might be one way of communicating psychologic distress in a culturally acceptable method...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511773/psychiatric-patient-length-of-stay-in-the-emergency-department-following-closure-of-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#17
Ryan K Misek, Ashley D Magda, Samantha Margaritis, Robert Long, Erik Frost
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patient boarding in the emergency department (ED) is a ubiquitous problem associated with increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effect of closing a public psychiatric facility in a major metropolitan area on the ED length of stay (LOS) of psychiatric patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review at two metropolitan EDs of all patients assessed to require inpatient psychiatric hospitalization...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510481/family-group-conferencing-its-added-value-in-mental-health-care
#18
Gert Schout, Ellen Meijer, Gideon de Jong
Worldwide, there is a growing emphasis on reducing coercion and involving social networks in the care of mental health clients. Nurses should encourage their clients to regain control over their lives, preferably with less coercion and with help from their social network. During four years, a Dutch evaluation study was deployed to determine the applicability of mobilising help from social networks of people with psychiatric problems. Specifically the potential of Family Group Conferencing was examined. In this discursive paper the question, 'what Family Group Conferencing adds to the existing methods that aim to reduce coercion in mental health care and promote inclusion' is addressed...
February 27, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#19
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508187/associations-between-serum-zinc-levels-and-mental-health-findings-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Na-Rae Kim, Ko-Woon Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Sang-Wook Song
Mental health problems are a major public health issue worldwide, and zinc may be associated with psychiatric symptoms, but such associations have not been investigated extensively. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum zinc levels and mental health problems in Korean adults. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-1, a cross-sectional survey of Korean civilians. Data from 1748 subjects were analyzed. Serum zinc levels did not differ significantly according to psychiatric symptoms including sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, suicidal ideation, and whether respondents sought psychiatric consultation...
May 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
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