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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441652/ultraviolet-a1-phototherapy-in-the-treatment-of-early-mycosis-fungoides
#1
Esra Adışen, Volkan Tektaş, Funda Erduran, Özlem Erdem, Mehmet Ali Gürer
BACKGROUND: Phototherapy has been the mainstay of therapies for early mycosis fungoides (MF). The beneficial role of ultraviolet (UV) light on MF is suggested by the observation that lesions occur on non-sun-exposed areas. Therapeutic light sources that are available today are broadband UVB, psoralen and UVA, narrowband UVB, and long-wave UV (UVA1). Current literature provides increasing evidence on the use of UVA1 to treat MF. AIM: To investigate the treatment responses of early MF patients treated with fixed 30 J/cm2 doses of UVA1 phototherapy...
April 26, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441615/near-infrared-light-stimuli-responsive-synergistic-therapy-nanoplatforms-based-on-the-coordination-of-tellurium-containing-block-polymer-and-cisplatin-for-cancer-treatment
#2
Feng Li, Tianyu Li, Wei Cao, Lu Wang, Huaping Xu
Cisplatin (CDDP) has received worldwide approval for clinical use in the past decades. However, its development in cancer chemotherapy was overshadowed by severe side effects and drug resistance. Herein, we developed a CDDP drug delivery system with high encapsulation efficiency and near-infrared light stimuli-responsive drug release properties based on the coordination of novel tellurium-containing block polymer (PEG-PUTe-PEG) and CDDP. The nanocarriers made from PEG-PUTe-PEG were loaded with CDDP and indocyanine green (ICG) simultaneously...
April 17, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441605/biological-effects-and-medical-applications-of-infrared-radiation
#3
Shang-Ru Tsai, Michael R Hamblin
Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 760nm and 100,000nm. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy generally employs light at red and near-infrared wavelengths (600-100nm) to modulate biological activity. Many factors, conditions, and parameters influence the therapeutic effects of IR, including fluence, irradiance, treatment timing and repetition, pulsing, and wavelength. Increasing evidence suggests that IR can carry out photostimulation and photobiomodulation effects particularly benefiting neural stimulation, wound healing, and cancer treatment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439752/mathematical-modeling-of-cellular-cross-talk-between-endothelial-and-tumor-cells-highlights-counterintuitive-effects-of-vegf-targeted-therapies
#4
Harsh Jain, Trachette Jackson
Tumor growth and progression are critically dependent on the establishment of a vascular support system. This is often accomplished via the expression of pro-angiogenic growth factors, including members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of ligands. VEGF ligands are overexpressed in a wide variety of solid tumors and therefore have inspired optimism that inhibition of the different axes of the VEGF pathway-alone or in combination-would represent powerful anti-angiogenic therapies for most cancer types...
April 24, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439594/the-effect-of-chronotherapy-on-depressive-symptoms-evidence-based-practice
#5
Anas H Khalifeh
The global prevalence of depression is increasing, along with rates of depression-associated disability and mortality, rendering depressive disorders a major public health issue. Chronotherapy involves a variety of strategies that control exposure to environmental stimuli that influence the biological clock, such as sleep deprivation (SD) or wake therapy (WT), sleep phase advance (SPA), and light and dark therapy (LT, DT). The purpose of this Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) paper is to answer PICOT questions by a review the effectiveness of chronotherapeutics interventions on depressive symptoms with depression and the depressive episode in the course of bipolar disorder...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437133/the-impact-of-the-centrifuge-characteristics-and-centrifugation-protocols-on-the-cells-growth-factors-and-fibrin-architecture-of-a-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-l-prf-clot-and-membrane
#6
David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Nelson R Pinto, Andrea Pereda, Paula Jiménez, Marco Del Corso, Byung-Soo Kang, Mauricio Nally, Nicole Lanata, Hom-Lay Wang, Marc Quirynen
L-PRF (leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin) is one of the four families of platelet concentrates for surgical use and is widely used in oral and maxillofacial regenerative therapies. The first objective of this article was to evaluate the mechanical vibrations appearing during centrifugation in four models of commercially available table-top centrifuges used to produce L-PRF and the impact of the centrifuge characteristics on the cell and fibrin architecture of a L-PRF clot and membrane. The second objective of this article was to evaluate how changing some parameters of the L-PRF protocol may influence its biological signature, independently from the characteristics of the centrifuge...
April 24, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436746/penetration-time-profiles-for-two-class-3b-lasers-in-in-situ-human-achilles-at-rest-and-stretched
#7
Daniel Huseby Bordvik, Sturla Haslerud, Ingvill Fjell Naterstad, Rodrigo Alvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal Junior, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Jon Joensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The majority of studies investigating penetration of laser light are performed in vitro on skin flaps, with measures of immediate penetration depth and energy loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the penetration time profiles for two different lasers used in low-level laser therapy, during 150 sec of exposure both in stretched and relaxed human Achilles in situ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four Achilles tendons from 17 healthy volunteers were irradiated by an 810 nm, 200 mW, continuous- and a 904 nm, 60 mW, super-pulsed laser...
April 21, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436509/covering-the-optical-spectrum-through-collective-rare-earth-doping-of-nagdf4-nanoparticles-806-and-980-nm-excitation-routes
#8
A Skripka, R Marin, A Benayas, P Canton, E Hemmer, F Vetrone
Today, at the frontier of biomedical research, the need has been clearly established for integrating disease detection and therapeutic function in one single theranostic system. Light-emitting nanoparticles are being intensively investigated to fulfil this demand, by continuously developing nanoparticle systems simultaneously emitting in both the UV/visible (light-triggered release and activation of drugs) and the near-infrared (imaging and tracking) spectral regions. In this work, rare-earth (RE) doped nanoparticles (RENPs) were synthesized via a thermal decomposition process and spectroscopically investigated as potential candidates as all-in-one optical imaging, diagnostic and therapeutic agents...
April 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435677/control-of-immune-cell-entry-through-the-tumour-vasculature-a-missing-link-in-optimising-melanoma-immunotherapy
#9
REVIEW
Lih Yin Tan, Carmela Martini, Zvi G Fridlender, Claudine S Bonder, Michael P Brown, Lisa M Ebert
Metastatic melanoma remains a fatal disease to many worldwide, even after the breakthrough introduction of targeted therapies such as BRAF inhibitors and immune checkpoint blockade therapies such as CTLA-4 and PD-1 inhibitors. With advances in our understanding of this disease, as well as the increasing data gathered from patient studies, the significance of the host immune response to cancer progression and response to treatment is becoming clear. More specifically, the presence of intratumoral CD8(+) cytotoxic T-cells correlates with better prognosis whereas the accumulation of monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils in the tumour is often associated with worse prognosis...
March 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435466/design-of-tumor-acidity-responsive-sheddable-nanoparticles-for-fluorescence-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-photodynamic-therapy
#10
Feng Fan, Yue Yu, Fei Zhong, Meng Gao, Tianmeng Sun, Jiaxin Liu, Huimao Zhang, Haisheng Qian, Wei Tao, Xianzhu Yang
Imaging-guided cancer therapy, which integrates diagnostic and therapeutic functionalities into a single system, holds great promise to enhance the accuracy of diagnosis and improve the efficacy of therapy. Specifically, for photodynamic therapy (PDT), it is highly desirable to precisely focus laser light onto the tumor areas to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are cytotoxic tumor cells and avoid light-associated side effects. Herein, a distinct three-layer nanostructured particle with tumor acidity-responsiveness (S-NP) that encapsulates the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and chelates Gd(3+) is successfully developed for fluorescence/magnetic resonance (MR) dual-model imaging-guided precision PDT...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435453/sirna-delivery-with-pegylated-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-for-combined-photothermal-and-genetherapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Feng Yin, Kuan Hu, Yangzi Chen, Mengying Yu, Dongyuan Wang, Qianqian Wang, Ken-Tye Yong, Fei Lu, Yongye Liang, Zigang Li
Since the successful exfoliation of graphene from graphite in 2004, graphene and graphene oxide (GO) have been considered the most promising two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials with distinguished physical and chemical characteristics and have attracted great attention in many different fields. Graphene oxide is well-known for its distinct physiochemical properties and shows only minimal cytotoxicity compared to carbon nanotubes. Until now, only limited efforts have been invested in utilizing GO for gene therapy in pancreatic cancer treatments...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435266/egfr-targeted-delivery-of-dox-loaded-fe3o4-polydopamine-multifunctional-nanocomposites-for-mri-and-antitumor-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#12
Xupeng Mu, Fuqiang Zhang, Chenfei Kong, Hongmei Zhang, Wenjing Zhang, Rui Ge, Yi Liu, Jinlan Jiang
Multifunctional nanocomposites that have multiple therapeutic functions together with real-time imaging capabilities have attracted intensive concerns in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This study developed epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody-directed polydopamine-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA NPs) for magnetic resonance imaging and antitumor chemo-photothermal therapy. The synthesized Fe3O4@PDA-PEG-EGFR-DOX NPs revealed high storage capacity for doxorubicin (DOX) and high photothermal conversion efficiency...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435257/effects-of-arginine-glycine-aspartic-acid-peptide-conjugated-quantum-dots-induced-photodynamic-therapy-on-pancreatic-carcinoma-in-vivo
#13
Ming-Ming Li, Jia Cao, Jia-Chun Yang, Yu-Jie Shen, Xiao-Lei Cai, Yuan-Wen Chen, Chun-Ying Qu, Yi Zhang, Feng Shen, Lei-Ming Xu
Quantum dots (QDs) conjugated with integrin antagonist arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides (QDs-RGD) are novel nanomaterials with a unique optical property: a high molar extinction coefficient. Previously, we have shown that QDs-RGD demonstrate a photodynamic therapy (PDT) effect as new photosensitizers for the pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 in vitro. Here, we investigate the application of QDs-RGD in mice bearing pancreatic tumors using PDT. To ensure that more photosensitizers accumulated in tumors, QDs-RGD were injected intratumorally...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435253/antimicrobial-photodynamic-activity-and-cytocompatibility-of-au25-capt-18-clusters-photoexcited-by-blue-led-light-irradiation
#14
Saori Miyata, Hirofumi Miyaji, Hideya Kawasaki, Masaki Yamamoto, Erika Nishida, Hiroko Takita, Tsukasa Akasaka, Natsumi Ushijima, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Tsutomu Sugaya
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has beneficial effects in dental treatment. We applied captopril-protected gold (Au25(Capt)18) clusters as a novel photosensitizer for aPDT. Photoexcited Au clusters under light irradiation generated singlet oxygen ((1)O2). Accordingly, the antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of Au25(Capt)18 clusters under dental blue light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation were evaluated. (1)O2 generation of Au25(Capt)18 clusters under blue LED irradiation (420-460 nm) was detected by a methotrexate (MTX) probe...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433834/antimicrobial-and-anticancer-photodynamic-activity-of-a-phthalocyanine-photosensitizer-with-n-methyl-morpholiniumethoxy-substituents-in-non-peripheral-positions
#15
Jolanta Dlugaszewska, Wojciech Szczolko, Tomasz Koczorowski, Paulina Skupin-Mrugalska, Anna Teubert, Krystyna Konopka, Malgorzata Kucinska, Marek Murias, Nejat Düzgüneş, Jadwiga Mielcarek, Tomasz Goslinski
Photodynamic therapy involves the use of a photosensitizer that is irradiated with visible light in the presence of oxygen, resulting in the formation of reactive oxygen species. A novel phthalocyanine derivative, the quaternary iodide salt of magnesium(II) phthalocyanine with N-methyl morpholiniumethoxy substituents, was synthesized, and characterized. The techniques used included mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF), UV-vis, NMR spectroscopy, and photocytotoxicity against bacteria, fungi and cancer cells. The phthalocyanine derivative possessed typical characteristics of compounds of the phthalocyanine family but the effect of quaternization was observed on the optical properties, especially in terms of absorption efficiency...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433688/vitamin-d-downregulates-the-il-23-receptor-pathway-in-human-mucosal-ilc3
#16
Viktoria Konya, Paulo Czarnewski, Marianne Forkel, Anna Rao, Efthymia Kokkinou, Eduardo J Villablanca, Sven Almer, Ulrik Lindforss, Danielle Friberg, Charlotte Höög, Peter Bergman, Jenny Mjösberg
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The IL-23-driven tissue-resident ILC3 play essential roles in intestinal immunity, and targeting IL-23/12 is a promising approach in IBD therapy. OBJECTIVE: We set out to define the role of 1α,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25D) in regulating functional responses of human mucosal ILC3 to IL-23 plus IL-1β stimulation. METHODS: Transcriptomes of sorted tonsil ILC3 were assessed by microarray analysis...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432405/-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-system-selection-contra-indications-and-management
#17
T Staudinger
There are a large number of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) systems and configurations. Thorough planning and evaluation of specific therapeutic needs are necessary to tailor ECMO therapy to the individual patient situation. Indications tend towards lowering the threshold towards respiratory ECMO. Patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) not improving to optimization of ventilation and supportive therapeutic measures potentially qualify for ECMO. Contraindications are relative and have to be considered in the light of the individual risk-benefit ratio...
April 21, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430624/photosensitizers-in-prostate-cancer-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Taher Gheewala, Troy Skwor, Gnanasekar Munirathinam
The search for new therapeutics for the treatment of prostate cancer is ongoing with a focus on the balance between the harms and benefits of treatment. New therapies are being constantly developed to offer treatments similar to radical therapies, with limited side effects. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising strategy in delivering focal treatment in primary as well as post radiotherapy prostate cancer. PDT involves activation of a photosensitizer (PS) by appropriate wavelength of light, generating transient levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
February 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429764/fabrication-characterization-and-biological-evaluation-of-anti-her2-indocyanine-green-doxorubicin-encapsulated-peg-b-plga-copolymeric-nanoparticles-for-targeted-photochemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-cells
#19
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Da-Sheng Chang
In this study, we aimed to develop anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) indocyanine green (ICG)-doxorubicin (DOX)-encapsulated polyethylene glycol-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) diblock copolymeric nanoparticles (HIDPPNPs) to explore the co-administration of phototherapy and chemotherapy for HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, a highly aggressive and medicine-resistant breast carcinoma. The HIDPPNPs were fabricated using a solvent evaporation technique followed by carbodiimide-mediated antibody conjugation on the nanoparticle surface...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429751/preclinical-study-of-raav2-strail-pharmaceutical-efficacy-biodistribution-and-safety-in-animals
#20
Q Ru, W Li, X Wang, S Zhang, L Chen, Y Zhang, Y Ge, Y Zu, Y Liu, D Zheng
The recombinant sTRAIL has been in clinical trial for various human malignancies. However, the half-life time of sTRAIL is very short, which might be an important factor influencing its clinical efficacy for cancer therapy. We previously reported the recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV)-encoding sTRAIL95-281-mediated sTRAIL expression in vivo up to 8 months and suppressed tumor growth markedly in mouse xenografts. In the present study, we further evaluated the clinical potency for cancer gene therapy and the safety in mouse and non-human primates...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
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