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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087903/-interpretation-of-2016-asthma-management-and-prevention-guideline
#1
Wen Hua, Huaqiong Huang, Huahao Shen
The revision in 2016 asthma management and prevention guideline includes both the diagnosis of asthma and the control-based asthma management. It points out that asthma is a heterogeneous disease, and the diagnosis of asthma should be based on the characteristic pattern of symptoms and evidence of variable airflow limitation, emphasizing the diagnosis of atypical asthma. Besides, the epidemiology of asthma, assessment of asthma, management severe asthma, special type of asthma and asthma in special populations have been added in this version...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087308/myocardial-inotropic-reserve-an-old-twist-that-constitutes-a-reliable-index-in-the-modern-era-of-heart-failure
#2
REVIEW
Fragkiskos Parthenakis, Spyridon Maragkoudakis, Maria Marketou, Alexandros Patrianakos, Evaggelos Zacharis, Panos Vardas
Current national and international guidelines, including those of the European Society of Cardiology, recognize that the assessment of prognosis should be a part of the standard management for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, these same guidelines recognize the inherent difficulty of this process. A variety of factors contribute to this difficulty, including the varying etiology, frequent co-morbidity and, perhaps most importantly, huge inter-individual variability in the disease progression and outcome...
November 22, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065727/neovaginal-prolapse-treated-with-sacrospinous-ligament-suspension-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Zhimin Hao, Sufen Yang
Neovaginal prolapse (NP) is a rare event as limited cases have been reported in the literature. After surgical management, neovaginal prolapse recurs in some cases, posing great challenge to gynecologists. Fixing neovagina to sacrospinous ligament would appear to be a good option for preventing the recurrence of NP, but too few cases have been reported to establish this technique as the standard management of NP. Herein, we present a case of severe mucosal prolapse of sigmoid neovagina and conduct a review of the literature regarding the etiology, prevention and management of neovaginal prolapse...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051248/movardol%C3%A2-n-acetylglucosamine-boswellia-serrata-ginger-supplementation-in-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-preliminary-results-from-a-6-month-registry-study
#4
G Bolognesi, G Belcaro, B Feragalli, U Cornelli, R Cotellese, S Hu, M Dugall
OBJECTIVE: Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease caused by the deterioration of cartilage in joints, which results in activation of the inflammatory response, pain, and impaired movement. Complementary therapies, particularly supplementation, in the management of moderate/severe knee OA have been gaining attention. This registry study aimed at evaluating the synergistic effect of Movardol®, a supplementation containing active ingredients with recognized anti-inflammatory activities on symptoms and levels of circulating biomarkers of knee OA...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051247/supplementation-with-high-titer-cranberry-extract-anthocran%C3%A2-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-elderly-men-suffering-from-moderate-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-pilot-study
#5
A Ledda, G Belcaro, M Dugall, B Feragalli, A Riva, S Togni, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Recently, cranberry extracts have been tested as a nutritional supplementation in the prevention of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as well as recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in subjects at risk, with mixed results. However, evidence of efficacy should be considered only for well-characterized and standardized products in a more selected study population. Moreover, the efficacy of these interventions in elderly must be further investigated. The aim of this pilot, registry study was to evaluate the prophylactic effects of an oral supplementation containing a highly concentrated and standardized cranberry extract reproducing the natural total profile of cranberry fruits, in elderly men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), suffering from recurrent UTIs, over a 2-months follow-up...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045654/information-systems-in-clinical-pharmacy-applied-to-parenteral-nutrition-management-and-traceability-a-systematic-review
#6
Josefa Martínez Gabarrón, Javier Sanz-Valero, Carmina Wanden-Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on clinical pharmacy information systems applied to parenteral nutrition (PN) management and traceability. METHOD: A systematic review of the documents retrieved from the MEDLINE (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) and Google Scholar databases up to May, 2016. The terms used, as descriptors and free text, were: "Parenteral Nutrition" and "Drug Information Services"...
January 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024917/transposition-of-the-great-arteries-rationale-for-tailored-preoperative-management
#7
REVIEW
Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla, François Roubertie, Bernard Kreitmann, Philippe Mauriat, Nadir Tafer, Zakaria Jalal, Jean-Benoit Thambo
As preoperative morbi-mortality remains significant, care of newborns with transposition of the great arteries is still challenging. In this review of the literature, we discuss the different treatments that could improve the patient's condition into the preoperative period. Instead of a standardized management, we advocate personalized care of these neonates. Considering the deleterious effects of hypoxia, special attention is given to the use of non-invasive technologies to assess oxygenation of the tissues...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009728/medical-and-economic-evaluation-of-foreseal-bioabsorbable-reinforcement-sleeves-compared-with-current-standard-of-care-for-reducing-air-leakage-duration-after-lung-resection-for-malignancy-a-randomized-trial
#8
Marco Alifano, Christophe Jayle, François Bertin, Pierre Magdeleinat, Yves Castier, Olivier Tiffet, Alain Bernard, François Tronc, Pierre-Yves Brichon, Pascal Dumont, Gilles Grosdidier, Antoine Dujon, Abel Grine, Helena Pereira, Anais Le Jeannic, Marie Amélie Vinet, Hassani MaOulida, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Marc Riquet, Gilles Chatellier, Jean-François Regnard
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of alginate staple-line reinforcement of fissure openings as compared with stapling alone, with or without tissue sealant or glue, in reducing the incidence and duration of air leakage after pulmonary lobectomy for malignancy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: No randomized trial evaluating alginate staple-line reinforcement has been performed to date. METHODS: The Staple-line Reinforcement for Prevention of Pulmonary Air Leakage study was a multicenter randomized trial, with blinded evaluation of endpoints...
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009466/clinical-characteristics-of-urethral-prolapse-in-japanese-children
#9
Takahito Ninomiya, Hiroshi Koga
BACKGOUND: Urethral prolapse (UP) in children is a rare condition and has commonly been reported in Black girls. The aim of this study was to elucidate the status of medical management for UP in Japanese children. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted in Japanese children ≤15 years old with UP. The relationship between initial treatment approach and outcome was investigated, with symptom persistence or recurrence defined as treatment failure. RESULTS: Of 77 cases of UP in Japanese children reported since 1972, initial surgical treatment was performed in 42 cases (55%) and nonsurgical treatment in 35 cases (45%)...
December 23, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002092/treatment-practices-and-outcomes-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-at-a-tertiary-center-in-southern-india
#10
Ling Lee, Qian Garrett, Judith L Flanagan, Pravin K Vaddavalli, Eric B Papas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current treatment practices for meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) at a tertiary eye center, together with the subjective outcomes and compliance behaviors of patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records for MGD severity grading, treatment prescribed, and follow-up schedule. In addition, participants were surveyed to gauge subjective outcomes and treatment adherence. RESULTS: Eight hundred ten patients were diagnosed with "MGD" or "meibomitis" and had a total of 14 different treatment combinations prescribed...
December 19, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993744/omega-3-fatty-acid-ethyl-esters-suppress-cerebral-vasospasm-and-improve-clinical-outcome-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#11
Ichiro Nakagawa, Shohei Yokoyama, Koji Omoto, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Ryosuke Matsuda, Fumihiko Nishimura, Shuichi Yamada, Hiroshi Yokota, Yasushi Motoyama, Young-Su Park, Hiroyuki Nakase
OBJECTIVE: The occurrence of cerebral vasospasm after onset of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a critical factor determining the clinical prognosis. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), both omega-3 fatty acids (O-3FA), can suppress cerebral vasospasm and DHA can relax vessels vasoconstriction and have neuroprotective effects. In the present study, we investigated whether administration of O-3FA prevented cerebral vasospasm occurrence and improved clinical outcomes following aneurysmal SAH...
December 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932279/severe-gout-strategies-and-innovations-for-effective-management
#12
Eliseo Pascual, Mariano Andrés, Janitzia Vázquez-Mellado, Nicola Dalbeth
Severe gout is characterised by frequent polyarticular flares, numerous tophi, joint damage, and musculoskeletal disability. This is a preventable condition and in many cases, represents a disease that has been insufficiently managed for years. Standard management recommendations may be insufficient for patients with severe gout; these patients frequently require intensive individualised pharmacological management with combinations of urate-lowering therapy and anti-inflammatory agents. In this article, we aim to integrate recent therapeutic advances to provide a practical framework for optimal management of severe gout...
December 5, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926646/treatment-of-a-pregnant-patient-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#13
Matthew P Romagano, William E Scorza, Stephen E Lammers, Carole Dorr, John C Smulian
BACKGROUND: Brain injury leading to a persistent vegetative state during pregnancy involves difficult medical and ethical decisions. CASE: A 21-year-old multigravid woman entered a persistent vegetative state at 20 1/7 weeks of gestation after cardiac arrest with postanoxic brain injury from a suspected drug overdose. The clinical disciplines responsible for her case formed a collaborative care plan involving ventilator, nutrition, and medication support of the mother and regular fetal monitoring and ultrasound testing...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#14
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890492/treatment-of-leydig-cell-tumours-of-the-testis-can-testis-sparing-surgery-replace-radical-orchidectomy-results-of-a-systematic-review
#15
G Bozzini, D Ratti, L Carmignani
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard for Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) is still considered radical orchidectomy, but testis sparing surgery (TSS) in conjunction with intraoperative frozen section (FSE) has been recently attempted with promising results. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: Studies were identified by searching electronic databases. A bibliographic search covering the period from January 1980 to December 2012 was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE database. Studies were excluded if they were single case reports, meeting abstracts and conference proceedings...
November 24, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877056/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-clinicopathological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-pulmonary-blastoma
#16
Yuan-Yuan Zhao, Lin Liu, Ting Zhou, Ning-Ning Zhou, Yun-Peng Yang, Xue Hou, Yong Li, Hong-Yun Zhao, Yan Huang, Li Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze and summarize the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of classic biphasic pulmonary blastoma (PB) to improve its diagnosis and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in patients who were diagnosed with PB at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center from March 1995 to March 2015. Genomic DNA was profiled using a capture-based targeted sequencing panel. RESULTS: Sixteen patients with an average age of 40 years were included in this study...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861834/an-algorithm-for-opioid-and-barbiturate-reduction-in-the-acute-management-of-headache-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Zubair A Ahmed, Dimitrios A Nacopoulos, Seby John, Nancy Papesh, David Levine, Cynthia C Bamford
OBJECTIVE: To develop and implement an algorithm for the management of headaches presenting to the emergency department (ED) in order to decrease the frequency of opioid and barbiturate treatment both acutely as well as on discharge. BACKGROUND: Headache is the fifth leading cause of ED visits in the United States. In the case of primary headache, particularly migraine, treatment in the ED can be highly variable. Patients with migraine continue to be treated with opioids more commonly than nonopioid, migraine specific medications...
January 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852075/thyroid-atypia-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance-attitudes-towards-the-diagnosis-of-bethesda-system-iii-nodules
#18
Lourdes Estrada Muñoz, Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Luis Ortega Medina, M Jesús Fernández Aceñero
OBJECTIVES: To review our institutional experience and to analyze the clinical decisions made after a cytological diagnosis of atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS). STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of all thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytologies performed in the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (Madrid) between 2010 and 2014. RESULTS: One hundred thirty thyroid FNA were categorized as AUS/FLUS (5%)...
November 17, 2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848241/a-mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-a-case-report
#19
Kouki Imaoka, Saburo Fukuda, Hirofumi Tazawa, Yoshio Kuga, Tetsuya Mochizuki, Yuzo Hirata, Seiji Fujisaki, Mamoru Takahashi, Toshihiro Nishida, Hideto Sakimoto
A tumor consisting of an adenocarcinoma component and a neuroendocrine carcinoma component, with each component accounting for at least 30% of the tumor, is defined as a mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC). We report a case of MANEC of the pancreas. A 63-year-old man presented with hyperglycemia and was referred to our hospital for further examination. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass of 2 cm in size in the pancreas head with portal vein narrowing. Fluorin-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) CT revealed increased accumulation in the mass of the pancreas head...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843971/cold-burn-injuries-in-the-uk-the-11-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-burns-centre
#20
Metin Nizamoglu, Alethea Tan, Tobias Vickers, Nicholas Segaren, David Barnes, Peter Dziewulski
BACKGROUND: Guidance for the management of thermal injuries has evolved with improved understanding of burn pathophysiology. Guidance for the management of cold burn injuries is not widely available. The management of these burns differs from the standard management of thermal injuries. This study aimed to review the etiology and management of all cold burns presenting to a large regional burn centre in the UK and to provide a simplified management pathway for cold burns. METHODS: An 11-year retrospective  analysis (1 January 2003-31 December 2014)  of all cold injuries presenting to a regional burns centre in the UK was conducted...
2016: Burns and trauma
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